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Wiktoria Kostyra & Cameron McDowell 04/30/13 Honors World Studies P.

Annotated Bibliography
Primary Sources: "1944: D-Day Marks Start of Europe Invasion." BBC News. BBC, 06 June 1944. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. This was very interesting source. BBC does this special where if you look up a specific date it will take you to a news article written on that day. Obviously on June 6, 1944 it was all about D-Day. I read through the article and obviously used it as a primary source because it was written during the time of the event. The interesting part is that the article also had side notes written from present day about what was happening during the time. I also used this as a secondary source. I am putting this under primary sources though because it was primarily used a source from the time is originally written during the time period of my event. BBC news is widely used source and is very credible. "D-Day Videos." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. I cannot stress enough how useful this site is. I cannot believe the amount of information on this source. I have already cited in the secondary sources bibliography, but the part I am citing now is the video clips on this website. The videos are short segments about pieces of D-Day and contain real footage from the battle and afterwards. I think that this will be very useful in our final project and we will be able to put it in any type of project we might do. "Digest of Operation "Overlord"" Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 30 July 1943. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. < -9400218>. This document from the year 1943 written by the Offices of the War Cabinet which Frederick Morgan was supervising at the time the document was written. The purpose of this document was to outline the invasion of D-Day. This document shows the prediction of how the invasion will take place and part of the planning beforehand. I know that is is credible becomes it comes straight from the document that the War Cabinet wrote. The website that published this document is the Britannica Encyclopedia, which is a source that many people use whether it is on their website or their published copies of the Encyclopedia. This document was useful for my project because it gave a perspective of how the very first steps of planning the invasion took place and what changed throughout the year and during the actual invasion. Dwight D. Eisenhower. D-Day Message to the People of Western Europe. 1944. MP3.

This audio recording was a message from a five-star general of USA, Dwight D. Eisenhower. This message was for the people of Western Europe announcing the invasion of D-Day. He states that is the first step to the liberation of Europe from the Axis forces. I know that this audio is credible because it comes directly from the official website of an organization the collects primary documents from the life of Dwight D. Eisenhower who later became the US president. This recording was useful in my research because it gave the first official announcement of the invasion and the purpose of it to the common civilians. It gives a new perspective. Hechler, Kennith W Major. Interview with Goering. 21 July 1945. PDF. This is a the script from an interview that Herman Goering who was a German Nazi General. This interview accord two years after Operation of D-Day, the interviewer Major Kennith W. Hechler asked Goering questions about the invasion that they lost. The question included questioning of their tactics and how surprised the Nazis were with the attack. I know that this document is credible because it is a scanned version of the original document. It comes from website that has a list of primary documents from the invasion. It is stamped officially by the website. This document was very helpful in my research because it gave a different perspective on the battle. It have the side of the Nazis and what they had to do to defend themselves and the wrong decisions that they made. "Letters Capture Experience of D-Day.", 4 June 2004. Web. 03 Feb. 2013. This source had useful information and will be useful in our final project. This is a video about letters from D-Day and what it was like to be on the beaches that day. Not only was it informative, but it was also interesting. The boy had just randomly gotten these letters from his uncle 50 years after his uncle had sent them. "Nbcnews" is a reliable source and is trusted by many other sources. I believe I will go back to this later on in my project and maybe put it into my website or movie. "Letters From D-Day." The Guardian. N.p., 27 May 2004. Web. <>. This article was a grouping of personal letters written by soldiers that took part in D-Day. These letters were sent to family members, loved ones, and friends. The letters are dated to before the battle when the soldiers were preparing to a month after once the battle was complete. This is a primary sources because these letters are written in perspective by people who were there to live through the battle. I know this sources is credible because its origin is "the Guardian" which is a news sources coming from the UK. It is one of the main source for world news. These letters helped in my researches because they showed me not only the strategy and the hard facts of the battle but the emotional perspective of the soldiers that fought and how the battle sacred them emotionally. "Soldiers Stories." N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013.

This site was one of the biggest sites I found. It had personal stories from over 50 people about their experience on D-Day. I have used a couple of those experiences, but I am sure I will use more, so I sited the whole page. The articles are written by the people who were actually there on the beaches during D-Day, making this site extremely valuable. The site was linked to by many other websites and was not opinionated making it a very credible source. Surviving D-day. Dir. Richard Dale. Discovery, 2011. DVD This movie showed all parts of the battle on D-Day. It gave information including planning and the equipment used during the war. In the film soldiers and historians told their stories and analyzed the war from their perspective. This is a primary source because it featured soldiers that fought on D-Day. They shared personal stories. Also it was filmed through the discovery channel which is major documentary channel on television. This movies was helpful to my research because it gave first hand stories of the war, stories that informational websites written by historians couldn't have the same affect. Secondary Sources: Barrat, John. "Military History Online -D-Day June 6, 1944." Military History Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. This is my most helpful source I have found so far. The information is very specific and I have checked some information with other sources they go side by side. This source was also considered credible by reinforcing the fact that this is a credible source. I used this website for information about the Gold, Juno, and Sword beaches. This website also provides information about D-Day all around and the aftermath of the battle, which is also what I am using. This site gave me great information "Britannica Mobile Edition." Britannica Mobile. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. I felt that this course was very credible and helpful. Britannica is an online encyclopedia that is widely used. It is referenced from many other sources as well so it seems that this source would be credible. The information was also backed by other sources that I have used and no spelling errors were present. The information was very good, and informed me all about the hardships of Omaha Beach. It also went in depth about American Army Rangers which was interesting and was worth learning about. This source was very usable and worth finding. "D-Day and the Battle of Normandy: Your Questions Answered." GuidedTours. Web. 03 Feb. 2013. <>. This article was in the format of question and answer. These were based on more hard facts. It also gave many statistics and simple answers to many questions. It was a big

overview for people who have never heard of D-day before. I know this cite is credible because it is the official website of the Portsmouth Museum in the UK. It is a special DDay museum, so the information that it gives must be straight from the source. The information on the website was very helpful in research because it gave statistics and facts. For example how many people died during D-day and how many tanks were in use during the battle. "D-Day : Normandy 1944 - UTAH BEACH : U.S. Troops." D-Day. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013 I thought this source was very useful. The source gave information about all the beaches and the division and battalions that fought on the beaches. The information was very specific and some of it was even too hard to understand because it was in military language. I used this source for specifically the Utah beach and got very in depth information for it. The interesting thing about this source is that the title is in French and so is the web address. I only noticed two spelling mistakes which I feel could be because of the translated website. Otherwise this website was very useful and informative. "" A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2013. The source was definitely usable for learning about the world before D-Day. I used the source for its information on the Great Depression. The information was very in depth and it helped me understand how World War II helped America climb out of its recession. I think the information is credible because is paired up with the TV network the history channel. This channel has scholars from colleges and other schools giving facts about certain topics. I didnt see any bias in this source either. Overall the source was very helpful. Kopel, Dave. "Why D-Day Mattered." Why D-Day Mattered. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. This site was very helpful for the impacts of D-Day. This man compiled on many topics and put them out for users to read. I used his D-Day article, but he also has written many others. His website was linked to by many other websites. This site was very opinionated. I was fine with using such an opinionated website because I knew it was opinionated so I could sort through fact and opinion. I was actually glad the man had a strong opinion because it compiled facts I needed for my argument into one source, making this site very valuable to me. "Operation Overlord." Combined Operations. N.p., 2013. Web. 03 Feb. 2013. This website gave me the most information on D-Day as a whole. It gave me information on the planning, preparation, and operations of the day. I used this pretty late in my research to help fill some holes in the operations of the day. I think this source is credible because it is linked to and gives its sources. This makes this source a very reliable and usable source.

"Operation Overlord." The National Archives | Exhibitions | British Battles. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <>. This article gives a complete overview of Operation Overlord. It includes the long preparation and planning of the Allies. It speaks of the actually battle and gives names of many of the generals and military commanders that helped to put this operation together and fought in it. I believe that this article is credible because it is part of the national archives. The national archives keep all of our countries major history events. It is a government sponsored group. This sight was helpful because it gave a full overview of Operation Overlord. "Operation Over Lord: D-day to Paris." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://> This article followed the events occurring from the battle on Omaha Beach at d-day to the Allies helping the Free French finally fight the Germans in Paris. It explained each operation that occurred and who helped to complete it. I chose this website because I knew it was credible. I knew it was credible because it was a BBC news article. BBC is one of the worlds major news sources. I used this article in my research because it goes beyond just the battle of D-Day but to the two months that followed. Nelson, Cary. "About the Great Depression." About the Great Depression. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. This article gives a full overview of the Great Depression. It gave a great explanation of how the Great Depression came to be after World War One. It explains how it effected different countries around especially the United States and Germany. It explained the lack of trade and the low demand and supply. In the end it explained how the Great Depression was overcome at the start of World War Two. I find this article to be credible because of the ".edu" at the end of the website. This means that the source is top level for education. Not very educational website is able to put this in their web address. It gives the author of the website and email for contact. It also lists all the sources that were used to write the article. This is useful to my research because, it is affects World War Two which is when Operation Overlord occurred. "Rome Liberation." BBC News. BBC, 06 May 1944. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. <http://> This article is based on the happenings of June 5th in the year 1994. It informs of the final liberation of Rome form the Germans during World War One. It quotes many famous figures from that day and gives a historical background of how this event came to be and how it changed history after it occurred. I believe this article is credible because it is from BBC news. BBC news is very looked up upon when looking for news. It is highly respected by its readers. It is one of the world leading news sources. Even though the article does not state the author I am sure they are credible due to the fact that they must

work for BBC news. This article was relevant to my topic because it occurred days after Operation Overlord. Sullivan, Gordan R. "Operations." Normandy. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. This site was almost written in book format. The reading was really easy, but gave a lot of information. The site provided me with more information about D-Day and the aftermath. I also got some notes on how D-Day impacted the war which was also helpful. This man was a General in the United States army, so I feel like this source is credible. He gave me facts about troop movements, but not in a military format making it much easier to understand. This website was very helpful. "World War II: Before the War." The Atlantic. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2013. This site was very useful for my historical background part of my notecards. The source started out with a description of events leading up to the war which were very helpful. The source also had 45 pictures with captions that could be used later on in our website or presentation and the captions had useful information. I think this site is credible because it has many links to it and also provides the sources for the pictures. The author also uses correct grammar and punctuation and his facts line up with facts I have gotten from other websites.