Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

1. Which of the following evolutionary processes provides the variation that serves as the raw material of evolutionary change?

A) Random genetic drift B) Natural selection C) Migration D) Mutation

Use the following data for questions 2-4. The following variances were calculated for two traits in a herd of hogs. Trait VP VG VA Back fat 30.6 12.2 8.4 Body length 52.4 26.4 11.7 2. What is the broad sense heritability for back fat? A) 3.643 B) 0.689 C) 0.275 D) 0.399 E) 2.508 3. What is the narrow-sense heritability for body length? A) 0.504 B) 1.985 C) 4.479 D) 0.443 E) 0.223 4. Which of the two traits above would respond best to selection by a breeder? A) Back fat B) Body length C) There is insufficient information to answer this question

5. Which of the following is not a component of genetic variance? A) Additive variance B) Dominance variance C) Interactive variance D) Environmental variance

6. In disruptive selection, the intermediate phenotype is favored over the phenotype at either extreme. A) True B) False 7. Consider a population in which allele frequencies for a certain autosomal gene are as follows: p=0.53, q=0.47. What is the genotypic frequency for individuals heterozygous at this locus? A) 0.281 B) 0.221 C) 0.250 D) 0.498 8. An X-linked recessive mutation in a certain population has been demonstrated to have the allele frequencies p=0.7 and q=0.3. Based upon these data, which of the following statements is true? A) 9% of males express the mutation. B) 49% of females are carriers of the mutation. C) 30% of males express the mutation. D) 49% of females do not express the mutation. 9. You are studying the trait of spotted thorax in a species of colembolid beetle. Spotting is dominant to no spots. You collect 1000 beetles in a field, and find that 150 have no spots. What is the frequency of the dominant allele? A) 0.38 B) 0.62 C) 0.92 D) 0.08 10. If 67% of a population exhibit a dominant trait coded for by an autosomal locus, what is the allele frequency for the dominant allele at this locus? A) 0.33 B) 0.57 C) 0.43 D) 0.82 E) 0.08 F) 0.67

11. For a gene that has two codominant alleles, A1 and A2, the relative fitnesses for the genotypes are as follows: A1A1= 1.0, A1A2= 0.80, and A2A2=0.40. Which of the following statements is true? A) Homozygous A1 is the most fit genotype. B) Homozygous A2 is the most fit genotype. C) Heterozygous A1A2 is the most fit genotype. Use the following data for questions 12-14: Natural selection pressure exerted by Plasmodium falciparum on human populations results in heterozygotes for the -globin gene being the most fit individuals, as exemplified by the data below. A A A S S S frequency 0.25 0.50 0.25 relative 0.20 0.80 1.0 fitness 12. What is the alelle frequecy for A) 0.25 B) 0.5 C) 0.0625

A?

13. What is the genotypic frequency for generation of selection? A) 0.36 B) 0.25 C) 0.5 14. What is the allele frequency for of natural selection? A) 0.5 B) 0.6 C) 0.4 D) 0.55

AA following one

A following one generation

15. According to the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, in the absence of natural selection and mutation, and if a population experiences

no migration, is very large, and has random mating, which of the following will result? A) Evolution of the population will occur, but much more slowly than normally. B) Evolution of the population will not occur. C) Evolution of the population will occur, but much more rapidly than normally. 16. Which of the following conditions is NOT required for HardyWeinberg equilibrium? A) A large population B) No migration C) No mutations D) Sexual selection E) Random mating

17. Gene A existed in the common ancestor to organisms 1 and 2; through the course of evolution, the function of gene A in these two organisms changed a bit, giving rise to gene A1 in organism 1, and gene A2 in organism 2. How are these two genes, A1 and A2 best described? A) Homologous only B) Orthologous only C) Paralogous only D) Homologous and paralogous E) Homologous and orthologous F) Paralogous and orthologous

18. The use of the lacZ gene in conjunction with the substrate Xgal, which causes a color change if the lacZ gene is present, is an example of which of the following? A) A chimeric gene B) A reporter gene C) A knockout gene 19. Which of the following best describes the mechanism by which transgenic plants are created using Agrobacterium tumefaceins? A) The entire Agrobacterium genome is transferred into the plant cell. B) Part of the Agrobacterium genome is transferred into the plant

cell. C) The entire TI plasmid genome is transferred into the plant cell. D) Part of the TI plasmid genome is transferred into the plant cell.