Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

Nama : Abikrisna Rekasina Ivanov NIM : 6511010002

Flow Meter Types

Methods

 

Parts/Component

Accuracy

 

Fluids

Concern

Maintenance

Safety

           

Least potential to cause

1.

orifice plate and pressure taps

Orifice Fitting. Consist of an

2% - 5%

Concentric Design, suited for

gas, steam, water, air, and clean liquid hydrocarbon

1.

Difficult to remove orifice plate because it has spreading bolts

harm to technician but we need to aware about any leakages

2.

Simplex Fitting. Consist of

   

Most simple due its few parts

and need to bypass the line

Least potential to cause

Orifice

Head (Differential

clamping bar, sealing bar, and plate carrier

2% - 5%

2. Eccentric Design, suited for liquid that contain gas

while maintenance and need to bypass the line while maintenance

harm to technician but we need to aware about any leakages

Pressure)

     

Easy to maintenance because

Least potential to cause

3.

Junior Fitting. Consist of

clamping bar, sealing bar, plate carrier, and crank

2% - 5%

3. Segmental Design, suited for liquids containig solids

it have crank to lift the plate but need to bypass the line while maintenance

harm to technician but we need to aware about any leakages

 

4.

Senior Fitting. Consist of

       

cranking, dual chamber sealing, upper chamber, equalizer valve, slide valve, and lower chamber

2% - 5%

Easy to maintenance because it have crank to lift the plate and in online condition

Need to bring mitigation because the maintenance occur in online condition

     

Liquid flowmeter : ±1% in turbulent flow and

 

Clean liquid, dirty liquid,

   
 

1.

Transit Time. Consist of

±2,5% of rate over a 10:1 flow range

 

Difficult to maintenance because we need to open the

pipe system, and block the line process

Least potential to cause harm to technician but

we need to aware about any leakages

transducer upstream and transducer downstream

corrosive liquid, viscous liquid, low velocity flow, vapor or gas, dirty gas or vapor, cryogenic service, open channel

Ultrasonic Flow

 

Gas flowmeter : ±2% - ±5% of rate over a 50:1 flow range

Meter

Ultrasonic

     
   

±1% - 3% of rate over a

 

Dirty liquid, corrosive liquid,

Difficult to maintenance because we need to open the pipe system, and block the line process

Least potential to cause harm to technician but we need to aware about any leakages

2.

Doppler Effect. Consist of

transmitting element, receiving

10:1 flow range for liquid flowmeters in turbulent flow

viscous liquid, abbrasive slurries, fibrous slurries, low velocity flow, non-newtonian

 

element, and reflector

   

1.

In-line. Consist of upstream

       

hanger unit, rotor unit assembly, pickup coil, housing downstream

±0,15% over reduced flow range of 7:1 ; ±0,25% over normal flow range of 10:1 ; ±0,5% over external flow range of 7:1

Need more maintenance than other non-moving type meters because it has many equipment to overhaul and need to block the line process

Least potential to cause harm to technician but we need to make sure the process have been bypassed

Turbine Meter

Turbine

hanger unit, shaft, spring clip assembly, deflector ring, upstream cone, downstream cone, meter body

Clean liquid, dirty liquid, corrosive liquid, viscous liquid,

low velocity flow, vapor or gas, high temp. service, cryogenic service, open channel

2.

Insertion. Consist of electrical

 

More simple than in-line type to maintenance because it has fewer parts, but need to make correction if the meter is calibrated in a line of a different size than the line that will be used

Since this type can be repaired in online condition, we should bring mitigation such as fire extinguisher

connector, pressure chamber, isolation valve (optional), stub pipe, insertion tube with built-in electronic pickup

±1%

 
       

Clean liquid, dirty liquid, corrosive liquid, viscous liquid,

 

Least potential to cause harm to technician but we need to make sure the process have been bypassed

 

abbrasive slurries, fibrous

Need to elaborate mounting because this flowmeter produce severe vibration by tightening any connection

Mass Flowmeter

Mass

1. Coriolis effect. Consist of flow sensor and flow tube

±0,4%

slurries, low velocity flow, vapor or gas, high temp. service, cryogenic service, non- newtonian

         

Clean liquid, dirty liquid,

 

Need to make sure the process line have been cooled, and bring mitigation such as first aid if blister injury occur

2. Thermal. Consist of terminal

aux. , cable entry, probe, collet with gland packing, seal housing, safety collar, extension piece,

5% - 15%

corrosive liquid, viscous liquid, abbrasive slurries, fibrous slurries, low velocity flow, vapor or gas, high temp. service, non- newtonian

Very simple to maintenance because the probe inserted into the pipeline and simply use the valve to separate the probe with the line

 

valve

Meter Prover

Meter

Consist of thermometer well, vent, pressuregauge, thermal relief valve, sphere detectors, match-bored flange, prover calibrated section, sphere displacer, inlet thermometer well, pulse generator, flow- reversing valve with seal checking method, outlet block valve, main line block and bleed valve, strainer, totalizing counter, meter thermometer well, electronic meter-proving counter,

0,08%

Clean liquid, dirty liquid, low velocity flow, semi-filled valve, open channel

Need more effort to maintenance because there many parts of this meter

Make sure there are no fluids trapped in the line process because it maybe hazardous and need to bring mitigation