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# KALI CHARAN NIGAM INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANDA

## DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONIC AND COMMUNICATION Tutorial- 1st (unit -5th)

Q-1 Explain the working principle of a digital voltmeter. What are the advantages obtained by numeric read out? Q-2 Draw and explain the block diagram of digital multimeter. Mention its advantages and applications. Q-3 How a DMM be used for the measurement of (i) current (ii) voltage (iii) resistance Q-4 Draw the block diagram of a CRO and explain briefly the function of each block. Q-5 How a CRO can be used to measure (i) current (ii) voltage (iii) phase difference (iv) frequency Q-6 Draw the block diagram of a CRT and explain briefly the function of each block

Q-7 A Lissajous pattern on an oscilloscope is stationary and has 5 vertical maximum and 4 horizontal maximum
values. The frequency of horizontal input is 1200Hz.Determine the frequency of vertical input.

Q-8 Draw the Lissajous pattern when the ratio of vertical frequency to horizontal frequency is (i) 1:2 (ii) 1:1 Q-9 Two sinusoidal voltage signals of equal frequency are applied to the vertical and horizontal deflection plates
of the CRO. Find the phase angle for each trace shown in fig.(a),(b),(c)

6 3

(a)

(b)

(c)

Q-10 An CRO has display shown below.The signal amplitude control is set to 0.2V/div and time base control to 10s/div. Determine the mark to space ratio of the pulse waveform and the pulse frequency. Also determine the magnitude of the pulse voltage
ma space rk

Q-11 The vertical gain control of a CRO is set at a deflection sensitivity of 5V/cm. An unknown ac voltage(sinusoidal) is applied to the Y-input. A 10 cm long straight line trace is observed on the screen. Determine the ac voltage

## KALI CHARAN NIGAM INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANDA

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONIC AND COMMUNICATION

## Hint sheet (tutorial- 1st (unit -5th))

Q-1 Hint : see digital voltmeter Q-2 Hint : see digital multimeter Q-3 Hint : see digital multimeter
Q-4 Hint : see CRO Q-5 Hint : see CRO Q-6 Hint : see CRT Q-7 Hint :

## Q-8 Hint : same as question number 7 Q-9 Hint : Sin =

y1 x = 1 y2 x2

Q-10 Hint : take 1 div =1cm for CRO wave display, Mark =0.4cm =0.4div , = Space = 1.6cm =1.6div, Amplitude =2.15cm =2.15div

= 0.25, pulse time period =Time for (space +mark) =2 division =2xtime base control setting =20 s = 50kHz,

## Pulse frequency (f) =

Magnitude of pulse voltage = pulse amplitude in division x amplitude control setting = 2.15x0.2 =4.3V Q-11 Hint : Vpp = length of trace x deflection sensitivity =10 x 5 =50 Vpeak = Vpp / 2 = 50/2 = 25V Vrms =

Vm 2

= 17.667V