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Sample MSDS


General Product Name'. Biodiese' (B100} Synonyms: Methyl Soyate, Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME) Product Description: Methyl esters from lipid sources CAS Number: Methyl Soyate: 67784-80-9; RME: 73891-99-3;

INHALATION: Negligible unless heated to produce vapors. Vapors or finely misted materials may irritate the mucous membranes and cause irritation, dizziness, and nausea. Remove to fresh air. EYE CONTACT: May cause irritation. Irrigate eye with water for at least 15 to 20 minutes. Seek medical attention if symptoms persist. SKIN CONTACT: Prolonged or repeated contact is not likely to cause significant skin irritation. Material is sometimes encountered at elevated temperatures. Thermal burns are possible.

INGESTION: Give one or two glasses of water to drink. If gastro-intestinal symptoms develop, consult medical personnel. (Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.)

Flash Point (Method Used): 130.0 C or 266.0 F min (ASTM 93) Flammability Limits: None known EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Dry chemical, foam, halon (may not be permissible in some countries), C02, water spray (fog). Water stream may splash the burning liquid and spread fire.

UNUSUAL FJRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: Biodiesel soaked rags or spill absorbents {i.e. oil Dry, polypropylene socks, sand, etc.) can cause spontaneous combustion if stored near combustibles and not handled properly. Store biodiesel soaked rags or spill absorbents in approved safety containers and dispose of properly. Oil soaked rags may be washed with soap and water and allowed to dry in well ventilated area. Firefighters should use self-contained breathing apparatus to avoid exposure to smoke and vapor.

Remove sources of ignition,contain spm to smallest area possible. Stop leak jf possible. -PiCKUp small spills with absorbent materials and dispose of properly to avoid spontaneous combustion (see unusual fire and explosion hazards above). Recover large spHls for salvage or disposaL Wash hard surfaces with safety solvent or detergent to remove remaining oil film. Greasy nature will result in a slippery surface.

Store in dosed containers between 50F and 120F. Keep away from oxidizing agents, excessive heat, and ignition sources. Store and use in well ventilated areas. Do not store or use near heat, spark, or flame, store out of sun. Do not puncture, drag, or slide this container. Drum is not a pressure vessel; never use pressure to empty.

RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: vapor/mist respirator.

U vapors or mists are generated,

wear a MOSH


PROTECTIVE CLOTHING: Safety glasses,goggles, or face shield recommended mists or splashing. PVC coated gloves recommended to prevent skin contact.

to protect eyes from

OTHER PROTECTIVE MEASURES: Employees must practice good personal hygiene, washing exposed areas of skin severa1 times daily and laundering contaminated clothing before re-use.

Boiling Point. 760 mm Hg:>200C Volatiles, % by Volume: <2 Specific Gravity (H20=1): 0.88 Solubility in H20, % by Volume: insoluble Vapor Pressure, mm Hg: <2 Evaporation Rate, Butyl Acetate=1: <1 Vapor Density, Air=1 :>1 Appearance and Odor: pale yellow liquid, mild odor

HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION along with thick smoke.



prodllces carbon monoxide,carbon


11. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS WASTE DISPOSAL: Waste may be disposed of by a licensed waste disposal company. Contaminated absorbent material may be disposed of in an approved landfill. Follow local, state and federal disposal regulations.




OSHA STATUS: This product is not hazardous under the criteria of the Federal OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200. However, thermal processing and decomposition fumes from this product may be hazardous as noted in Sections 2 and 3.

CERCLA (Comprehensive

Response Compensation

and Liability Act): NOT reportable. Act): Section 312 Extremely Hazardous

SARA TITLE III (Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization

RCRA STATUS: If discarded in its purchased form, this product would not be a hazardous waste either by listing or by characteristic. However, under RCRA, it is the responsibility of the product user to determine at the time of disposal, whether a material containing the product or derived from the product should be classified as a hazardous waste, (40 CFR 261.20-24) CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65: The following statement is made in order to comply with the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. This product contains no chemicals known to the state of California to cause cancer.

This information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other materials or in any other process. Such information is to the best of the company's knowledge and believed accurate and reliable as of the date indicated. However, no representation, warranty or guarantee of any kind, express or implied, is made as to its accuracy, reliability or completeness and we assume no responsibility for any loss, damage or expense, direct or consequential, arising out of use. It is the user's responsibility to satisfy himself as to the suitableness and completeness of such information for his own particular use.

Management commits the necessary resources of staff, money, and time to ensure that all persons Dn the work site are protected from injury and mness hazards. In addition, manage visibly leads in the design, implementation, and continuous improvement of the site's safety a d health activities. Specifically, the highest level management establishes and reviews annually the site's. safety -and health policy and ensures that all employees know, understanct, an support that policy. All management levels, with input from hourly employees, develop aannual safety and health goal with objectives and action plans to reach that goal. At the enD ; each year aU management levels, with input from hourly employees, evaluate progress . accomplishing the action plans, achieving all objectives, and meeting the annual goal. Th'~ evaluation, which also includes an evaluation of the overall safety and health program, results i a written report that includes the next year's goal, objectives, and action plans, including an, remaining action needed to accomplish the current year's goal. Management ensures that all employees, including themselves, have clearly written safety an health responsibilities included \Nithin their job description, with appropriate authority to carry' 0' . those responsibilities. Also, management ensures that all employees, including aU levels management, receive performance evaluations that include a written evaluation of e accomplishment of assigned safety and health responsibilities. Management ensures that aU visitors to the site, including contract and temporary labor, 00students, interns, vendors, and sales people, have knowledge of site hazards applicable to the and how to protect themselves against those haz:ards, including emergency alarms a procedures. Management also ensures that these visitors do not introduce to the site hazar s that can be prevented or that are not properly controlled. Management ensures that at least several avenues exist for employee involvement in safe and health decision making and problem solving. These avenues may include serving 0 committees and ad hoc problem solving groups, acting as safety observers, assisting in trainin other employees, analyzing hazards Inherent in site jobs and how to protect against those hazards (writing JHAs), and planning activities to heighten safety and health awareness. Management encourages employees' involvement and devises appropriate recognition f outstanding employee participation.


. .

Worksitepolicy (note-how this policy is communicated to the \Nork forc-e and visitors); Current year's goals, objectives, action plans, and program evaluation; Job descriptions that include safety and health responsibilities; Performance-evaluations that include ane-valuation of safetyaoo health responsiliHi,ies: Budget showing money ai/ocated to safety and health; C019traetor bidding preposal sheets shewi19g all contractors' prier safety and hea record;

Orientation outline for all site visitors, including contractors; Evidence of employee involvement, such as committee minutes or other records of employee participation in safety and health program decisions.

Management hires outside consultants as necessary to conduct baseline surveys that identify all safety and health hazards at the site at the time of the survey. All hazards found during these surveys are eliminated whenever possible or controlled. All employees who may encounter the controlled hazards are trained in appropriate job procedures to follow to protect themselves from these hazards. Management establishes change procedures to follow whenever the site experiences changes in equipment, material, or processes. To ensure employee protection, these change procedures include consideration of safety and health in the selection of the change, equipment and process shut down procedures, start up procedures, and phase hazard analysis. Appropriate employees are trained to follow these procedures. Management and employees work together to analyze safety and health hazards inherent each job site and to find means to eliminate those hazards whenever possible, and otherwise protect persons against those hazards. These job hazard analyses (JHAs) are revised appropriate, for example, following a change in the job, the reappearance of a hazard, or accident at this job. in to as an

All employees at this site are trained to recognize hazards and to report any hazard they find to the appropriate person so that the hazard can be corrected as soon as possible. In addition to taking immediate action to report a hazard orally and to provide interim protection, if necessary, including stopping the work causing the hazard, employees may submit a safety work order to the maintenance department, or they may submit a safety suggestion form. Safety work orders take priority over any other work order. Safety suggestions will be considered each week during the site inspection by the site inspection team. All employee reports of hazards must be eventually written, with the correction date recorded. These reports are posted in the lunch room until the hazard is corrected and then are kept on file in the owner's office for three years. During that time they are available for employee review. . Site management, with input from an hourly employee chosen by lot, organizes the monthly site inspection team. Membership on these teams rotates each month with the goal that all site employees serve one month each year. Teams consist of four people, two managers or supervisors and two hourly employees. Each week, at the beginning of work on Wednesday morning, the team inspects the entire worksite, in writing describing all hazards found, including their location. The team assigns appropriate persons responsible for seeing that the hazard is corrected and documenting the date of the correction. These inspection reports are posted in the lunch room, in the maintenance shop, and in the owner's office. A hazard remains on the monthly report until it is corrected. Any near miss, first aid incident, or accident is investigated by the trained team selected each year by the owner and an hourly employee. The team consists of two managers or supervisors and two hourly employees, each of whom has received training in accident investigation. All investigations have as a goal the identification of the root cause of the accident, rather than assigning blame. All accident reports are posted in the lunch room and are open to comment by

any employee. The accident investigation team assigns responsibility to appropriate employees for correcting any hazards found and for assigning a date by which the correction must be comp+eteel. As part of the annual safety an<::! health program evaluation, the site owner, a manager, and an hourly employee review all near misses, first aid incidents, and entries on the OSHA 200 Log. as well as employee reports of hazarels, to determine if any pattern exists that can be addressed. The results of this analysis are considered in setting the goal, objectives, and action pians for the next year.

Results of baseline safety and health surveys, with notation of hazard correction; forms used Tor change analyses, inciuding safety and health considerations purchase of new equipment, chemical, or materials; JHAs; Employee reports of hazards; Site safety and health inspection results, with hazard corrections noted; Aeeielent investigation repoFts, with hazard correetions noted; Trend analyses results.

in the

Management ensures that the this priority is followed to proteet persons at this site: (1) Haza will be eliminated when economically feasible, such as replacing a more hazardous chern' with a less hazardous one; (2) Barriers will protect persons from the hazard, such as mac' i e guards and personal protective equipment (PPE); (3) Exposure to tlazards will be control through -administrative procedures, such as more frequent breaks -and job fot-af ,_ Management ensures that the worksite and all machinery is cared for properly so that environment remains safe and healthy, If maintenance needs exceed the capability o' worksite employees, contract employees are hired to do the work and are screened supervised to ensure they work according to the site's safety and health proced ~-. AU employees, including all levels of management, are heldaccGuntab!e for obeying site sa:::: , and health rules. The following four step disciplinary policy will be applied to everyone by - c appropriate level of supervisor: eoral warning; written reprimand; tnree day's away from work; dismissal. Visitors, including contractors who violate safety and health rules and procedures '11 ~ escorted from tl1e site. Should the disciplined person request a review of the discip!mary an ad hoc committee of six people, three managers and three hourly workers, chosen b ~::::.respective eolleagues, will review the situation and make a recommendation to the owner. reserves the right for final decision. If his decision differs from the committee, he may, .: confidentiaily strictures, make public his reasons.

The site works with appropriate outside agencies, such as the fire department, the police department, and the hospital to write emergency plans for all potential emergencies, including fire, explosion, accident, sever weather, loss of power and/or water, and violence from an outside source. Desk top drills are conducted monthly so that all employees experience a drill on each type of emergency once a year. A total site evacuation drill focusing on one emergency type, with all work shut down, and coordinated with the appropriate agency, is conducted once a year. Each drill, whether table top or actual evacuation, is evaluated by the drill planning committee, constituted each year with two managers or supervisors and two hourly employees who volunteer. This committee's written report is posted in the lunch room, and supervisors ensure that all employees know the results. When necessary, the emergency procedures are revised as a result of the evaluation report. Persons needing emergency care are transported by company van or community ambulance to the hospital, located five miles from the site. Usually that trip can be made in less than ten minutes. Onsite during all shifts designated persons fully trained in cardiac pulmonary resuscitation (CPR), first aid, and the requirements of OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, are the first responders to any emergency. These persons are trained by qualified Red Cross instructors. One of these designated persons' safety and health responsibilities is to ensure that first aid kits are stocked and readily accessible in the marked locations throughout the plant. Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) is provided for the different types of accidents possible at the site. All emergency responders have been offered the Hepatitis B vaccine. Management maintains a proactive occupational health program that provides for occupational health professionals from the local hospital to participate in worksite analyses to find and protect employees against all health hazards. This plan provides initial health screening for each employee, appropriate to the hazards with which each employee will be working, and for tracking of any health changes in each employee through periodic physical examinations, postexposure exams, and exit exam. Certified industrial hygienists conduct periodic air and noise monitoring. The doctor and occupational health nurse, working on contract for the site, examine health surveillance data to discern changes in overall employee health screening results to discern any trends that need to be addressed. Health professionals, appropriately trained and knowledgeable about site hazards, immediately treat employees for occupational health problems and follow each case until the individual can return full-time to all aspects of his assigned job. These professionals ensure that employee medical records are kept confidentially so that diagnosis and treatment are not divulged, but management does have information about the employee under treatment as to: ability to perform job tasks; job limitations or accommodations needed; length of time the limitations must be implemented.

Management ensures that supervisors honor these restrictions. This health care is provided free of charge for all employees. The total plan is reviewed annually to assess its effectiveness. Through consultants, management has assessed all work at this site and determined that the following OSHA standards apply to the site's work. Individual safety and health programs for each of these standards have been written and implemented. Employees affected by these standards have been trained to understand them and to follow the programs' directions. These standards are:

Hazard Communication Hearing Conservation Bloodborne Pathogens Program

Confined Space Program LockoutlT agout Emergency Evacuation Program

Preventive Maintenance Schedufe DiscIplinary program and records Site Rules Written Programs mandated by


Maintenance records Emergency drHl procedures and critiq-ues Health surveillance and monitoring records Reports and investigations of near misses: first aid, and OSHA 200 fogs

Management believes tMat employee involvement in tMe site's safety and healtM program eafl only be successfu-! when everyone on the site receives sufficient training to understand Whch their safety and health responsibilities and opportunities are and how to fulfill them. Therefore. traifling is a higA priDrity to ensure a safe and healthy workplace. Finding time a knowtedgeab!e .personnel to do effective training is v~taL Each year management -pays spe . I attention to the evaluation of the year's training efforts to look for methods of improveme . Currently ,aU new employees recelve two hQursof safety and health orientation before they begin work. VVhen they have learned this material, they begin their assigned job with a trainee buddy. F=orthe first day the employee only observes the buddy doing the job and reads appropfiateJHAs~ The second day the new employee does the job, while the buddy obseNes himiher. For the first six months on the job a new employee is considered a probationer an may not work beyond the line of vision of another employee. Supervisors are strictly charged ensure that this training process Is followed for all new employees and for any employee beginning a new job at the worksite. All employees are paid for one full day's work (eight hours) beyond their production schad e each pay period. This time is usually split into several sections to attend training classes. A of training topics, by week, is published each yeaL Each topic is offered at least twice. Ea employee is responsible for ensuring that he/she masters the year's training topics. Comple' _ the year's training is a significant portion of each employee's performance evaluation, incluui. aU levels of manag.ement. Training records are kept by the personnel manager and are avail for employee review, upon request.


All employees ~re ~ncour~geg to suggest Clu~lified tr~iners, inclyoing themselves. M~n~ge is responsible for ensuring that all training offered at the site is conducted by qualified perso s.

Usto-f yearly training t-opics with name of trainer and hislher qualifications; Yearly training class schedule with attendance lists; Individual employee training reeords witM evidenee of subjeet mastery.

ACCEPTED ENGINEERING PRACTICES - means the standards of practice required by a reg' ::-professional engineer. ADJACENT STRUCTURE STABILITY - refers to the stability of the foundation of adjacent struc~ .65 whose location may create surcharges, changes in soil conditions, or other disruptions that have he potential to extend into the failure zone of the excavation. ADJUSTABLE BASE PLATE - a base plate used lor compensating variations in ground level. Sometimes the base plate is nailed or pinned to a sole board to stop lateral movement. ALUMINUM HYDRAULIC SHORING - means a manufactured shoring system consisting of aluminum hydraulic cylinders (cross braces) used with vertical rails (uprights) or horizontal rails (wales). Such system is designed to support the sidewalls of an excavation and prevent cave-ins. AMPS - is the standard unit for measuring electrical current. ANCHORAGE - means a secure point of attachment for lifelines, lanyards or deceleration devices. AUTHORIZED EMPLOYEE - is the person who locks out or tags out equipment for service or maintenance. Authorized employees have been formally trained in proper lockout/tag out procedures. BELL-BOTTOM PIER HOLE - means a type of shaft or footing excavation, the bottom of which is made larger than the cross section above to form a bell shape. BODY BELT (SAFETY BELT) - means a strap with means both for securing it about the waist and for attaching it to a lanyard, lifeline, or deceleration device BODY HARNESS - means straps which may be secured about the employee in a manner that will distribute the fall arrest forces over at least the thighs, pelvis, waist, chest and shoulders with means for attaching it to other components of a personal fall arrest system. BRACE - a tube diagonally across two or more members to afford stability BREAKER BOX - insulated box on which interconnected circuits are mounted. BROKEN WHITE LINES - are lines that separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Crossing the line is allowed only when changing lanes or turning. BROKEN YELLOW LINES - are lines that separate single lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions. Passing is allowed. BUCKLE - means any device for holding the body belt or body harness closed around the employee's body. CARDIOPULMONARY - having to do with both the heart and lungs. CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION - is the emergency substitution of heart and lung action to restore life to someone who appears dead. The two main components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are chest compression to make the heart pump and mouth-to-mouth ventilation to breath for the victim. CAVE-IN - means the movement of soil or rock into an excavation, or the loss of soil from under a trench shield or support system, in amounts large enough to trap, bury, or injure and immobilize a person. CHOKING (Object in Airway) - partial or complete obstruction of the airway can be due to a foreign body (e.g., food, a bead, toy, etc.) CIRCUIT BREAKER - is a device that automatically interrupts the flow of electrical current. COMPETENT PERSON - means one who has been trained to identify hazards in the workplace, or working conditions that are unsafe for employees, and who has the authority to have these hazards eliminated or controlled. CONNECTOR - means a device which is used to couple (connect) parts of the personal fall arrest system and positioning device systems together. CONTROLLED ACCESS ZONE (CAZ) - is an area in which certain work (e.g. overhand bricklaying) may take place without the use of guardrail systems, personal fall arrest systems, or safety net systems and access to the zone is controlled. COUPLER - a fitting used to connect scaffolding tubes together CROSS BRACES - mean the horizontal members of a shoring system installed from side to side of the excavation. The cross braces bear against either uprights or wales. CURRENT FLOW - is the rate of flow of an electrical charge, generally expressed in amps.

CUTS-severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it dean and dryisa~ t .__ is required to care for most wounds. Putting alcohol hydrogen peroxide and iodine into a wound ca delay heaHng and should be avoided. Seek medical care early if you think that you might need stitches. DANGEROUS EQU!PMENT - means equipment (such as pickling or galvanizing tanks, degreasing units. machinery, electrical equipment, and other units) which, as a result of form function, maybe hazardous to worker who fall into such equipment DE\"ELERATiON DEViCE - means any mechanism, such as a rope grab, rip stitch lanyard, speciaTIywoven lanyard, tearing or deforming lanyards, automatic self-retracting lifelines/lanyards, etc., whic serves to dissipate a substantial amount of energy during a fall arrest. DECELERATION DISTANCE - is the additional vert4caldistance a falHng employee tfavels,ex~H '. '" lifeline elongation and free fall distance, before stopping, from the point at wnich the deceleration device begins to operate. It is measured as the distance between the location of an employee's bod harness attachment point at the moment of activation ( at the onset of fall arrest forces) of the deceleration device during a fall, and the location of that attachment point after the employee co. as to a full stop. DECKING - close-boarded scaffold platform DEMOLITiON - means the complete or partial dismantling of a buiiding or structure. it excludes refurbishment, provided this work does not involve the alteration of existing structural components. DEMOLITION CONTRACTOR - means, in relation to any demolition work, the person who directly carries out that work and who is licensed to carry out such speciaHst building. work DEVICE - a mechanism or control designed for safeguarding at the point of operation, such as presencesensing, puJ!-back, two-hand-trip, etc. devices DIARRHEA - is a familiar phenomenon with unusually frequent or unusually liquid bowel movemen s. excessive watery evacuations of fecal materiaL It is the opposite of constipation. The word "diarrhea with its odd spelling is a near steal from the Greek "diarrhoia" meaning "a flowing through." Plato a Aristotle may have had diarrhoia while today we have diarrhea. There are myriad infectious ~ noninfectious causes of diarrhea. EDGE LINES - solid lines along the side of the road that tell you where the edge of the pavement is. ELECTRICAL LOAD - amount of power delivered by a generator or carried by a circuit. It is a device wh~h the power !S 4eJiver.ed. ELECTRICAL PANEL - is an insulated panel on which electrical wires are mounted. ENCLOSURE - a barrier or cover that protects workers fmm other danger zones (other than the poin, operation) in the operation EQUIVALENT - are alternative designs, materials, or methods to protect against a hazard which e employer can demonstrate will provide an equal or greater degree of safety for employees than ~ methods, materials, or designs specified in the standard. EXCAVATtON - means any man-made cut, caVity, trench, or depression in an earth surface fom-Iea' . earth removal. EXPENDABLE MATERIALS - are items that are used up or worn out as the well is drilled. These me:, ~nGludedrm hits, fuel, lubricants and dr~Hingmud EYE/FACE PROTECTION - equipment designed to provide protection to the face and eyes dun exposure to such hazards as flying particles, molten metal or sparks, liqUid chemicals, acids caustic liquids, or potentially injurious light radiation (i.e., lasers, welding, etc.) FACES OR SIDES - mean the vertical or inclined earth surfaces formed as a result of excavation work. FAILURE - is load refusal, breakage, or separation of component parts. Load refusal is the point wh e the ultimate strength is exceeded. FOOT PROTECTION - equipment designed to provide protection to the feet and toes during exposure' situations with the potential for foot injuries such as falling or rolling objects, chemical or Ii . exposures, piercing objects through the sole or uppers, and/or where the employee's feet ~ exposed to electr~.calhazards. FRAMEWORK - means a stiUcture constructed of metal, concrete, timber, brick or other rigid material-. FREE FALL - is the act of falling before a personal fall arrest system begins to apply force to arres ~ faiL FREE FALL DISTANCE - is the vertical displacement of the fall arrest attachment point on e employee's body harness between onset of the fall and just before the system begins to apply -

to arrest the fall. This distance excludes deceleration distance, and lifeline/lanyard elongation, but includes any deceleration device slide distance or self-retracting lifeline/lanyard extension before they operate and fall arrest forces occur. FROSTBITE - damage to tissues from freezing due to the formation of ice crystals within cells, rupturing the cells and leading to cell death. GOOD HOUSEKEEPING - is keeping the right things, tools, equipment and materials at the right time and at right place GROUND-FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTOR - GFCI detects grounding problems and shuts electricity off to prevent a possible accident. GUARD - refers to barriers designed for safeguarding at the point of operation GUARDING - any means of effective preventing person from coming into contact with the moving parts of the machinery or equipment that could cause physical harm to the person; The term guarding or guard is not intended to specify a particular type of sa eguard but implies a prohibition access to dangerous parts; thus for all practical purpose railing and guarding maybe taken to have the same meaning GUARDRAIL - a tube erected at the edge of platform and other places to prevent persons falling from the platform or place GUARDRAIL SYSTEM - is a barrier erected to prevent employees from falling to lower levels. HAND PROTECTION - equipment designed to provide protec ion to the hands during exposures to potential hazards such as sharp objects, abrasive surfaces, temperature extremes and chemical contact. Hand protection is selected based upon the hazard and performance characteristics of the gloves. HAZARD ASSESSMENT - the process utilized to identify hazards in the workplace and to select the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment to guard people against potential hazards (see attachment Hazard Assessment for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE. HAZARDOUS ATMOSHPERE - means an atmosphere that is explosive, flammable, poisonous, corrosive, oxidizing, irritating, oxygen deficient, toxic, or otherwise harmful, that may cause death, illness, or injury. HAZARDOUS ENERGY SOURCES - applies to stored or residual energy such as that in capacitors, springs, elevated machine members, rotating flywheels, hydraulic systems, and air, gas, steam, or water pressure. HEAD PROTECTION - equipment designed to provide protection to the head during exposure to potential hazards such as falling objects, striking against low hanging objects, or electrical hazards .. HEARING PROTECTION - equipment designed to provide protection to an individual's hearing during exposure to high noise levels. HEART - the muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. It is positioned in the chest behind the sternum (breastbone; in front of the trachea, esophagus, and aorta; and above the diaphragm muscle that separates the chest and abdominal cavities. The normal heart is about the size of a closed fist, and weighs about 10.5 ounces. It is cone-shaped, with the point of the cone pointing down to the left. Two-thirds of the heart lies in the left side of the chest with the balance in the right chest. HEART ATIACK - is the death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of blood supply is usually caused by a complete blockage of a coronary artery, one of the arteries that supplies blood to the heart muscle. Death of the heart muscle, in turn, causes chest pain and electrical instability of the heart muscle tissue. HEAT EXHAUSTION - is a warning that the body is getting too hot. The person may be thirsty, giddy, weak, uncoordinated, nauseous, and sweating profusely. The body temperature is usually normal and the pulse is normal or raised. The skin is cold and clammy. Although heat exhaustion often is caused by the body's loss of water and salt, salt supplements should only be taken with advice from a doctor. HIGH VOLTAGE - applies to electrical equipment that operates at more than 600 Volts (for terminal to terminal operation) or more than 300 Volts (for terminal to ground operation). Low voltage, high current AC or DC power supplies are also considered to be high voltage. HOLE - is a gap or void two (2) inches or more in its least dimension, in a floor, roof, or other walking/working surface.

INFEASIBLE - means that it is impossible to perform work using a conventional fall protection system (i.e., guardrail system, safety net, or personal fail arrest system) or that it is technologically impossible to use anyone of these systems to provide fall protection. INGRESS AND EGRESS - mean "entry" and "exit" respectively, and refer to the safe means for employees to enter or exit. INJURY - harm or hurt. The term "injury" may be applied in medicine to damage inflicted upon oneself as in a hamstring injury or by an eXternal agent on as in a cold injury. The Injury may be accidental or deliberate, as with a needlestick injury. The term "injury" m~y be synonyrnous (depending on the context) with a wound or with trauma. JOINT PiN - also known as a spigot. Used for connecting two tubes end to end K~CKOUT means the accidental movement orfajl.ureof a cross brace. LANYARD - is a flexible line of rope, wire rope, or strap which generally has a connector at each end for connecting the body harness to a deceleration device, lifeline, or anchorage. LEADING EDGE -is the edge of a floor, roof, or form-work for a floor or other walking/working surface (such as the deck) which changes location as additional floor, roof, decking, or form-work sections are placed, formed, or constructed. A leading edge is considered to be an unprotected side and edge during periods when it is not actively and continuously under construction. LEDGER BRACING - tubes secured diagonally between lifts from ledger to ledger or stanclard to standard to ensure stability LEDGERS - are horizontal tubes that connect and support the standards and act as support for transom LIFEUNE - means a component consisting of a flexible line for connection to an anchorage at one end to hang vertically (vertical lifeline), or for connection to anchorages at both ends to stretch rlorizontally (horizontal lifeline), and which seNes as a means for connecting other components of a personal fal! arrest system to the anchorage. LOCKOUT - placement of a lock on an energy-isolating device. This act prevents workers from operating a piece of equipment until the lock is removed. LOWER LEVELS - are those areas or surfaces to which an employee can fall. Such areas or surfaces inclUde, but are not limited to, ground levels, floors, platforms, ramps, runways, excavations, pits, tanks, material, water, equipment, structures, or portions thereof. LOWSLOPE ROOF - is a roof having a sloop less or equal to four-to-twelve (4:12) (vertical to horizontal). MACHINE - anything that -converts one form of energy into mechanical ene-fgy; anything that moves; -Any contrivance that produces work MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT - is all motor or human propelled wheeled equipment used for roofing work, except wheelbarrows and mopcarts. MIDRAIL - a tube secured to standards midway between guardrail and platform MOTION SICKNESS - motion sickness is a very common disturbance of the inner ear that is caused by repeated motion such as from the swell of the sea, the movement of a car, the motion of a plane in turbulent air, etc. in the inner ear (which is also cal1ed the labyrinth), motion sickness affects the sense of balance and equilibrium and, hence, the sense of spatial orientation. NIP POINTS OR BITES - a hazardous area created by two or more mechanical parts rotating in opposite directions within the same plane and in dose interaction NON-EXPENDABLE MATERIALS - are items and equipment that may eventually wear out and have to be replaced but normally last a long time like dritl pipes, drill collars, fire extinguishers, etc NOSEBLEED - its medical name is epistaxis. It is the relatively common occurrence of hemorrhage (bleeding) from the nose, usually noticed when it drains out through the nostrils. There are two types: anterior (the most common), and posterior (less common, and more severe). Sometimes in more severe cases, the blood can come up the nasolacrimal duct and out from the eye. Fresh blood and clotted blood can also flow down into the stomach and cause nausea and vomiting. OPENING - is a gap or void thirty (30) inches or more high and eighteen (18) inches or more wide, in a wall Of partition, thmugh which employees ean fall to a lower level. OVERHAND BRICK LAYING is the process of laying bricks and masonry units such that the surface 0' the wall to be jointed is on the opposite side of the wall from the mason, requiring the mason to lean over the wall to complete the work. Related work includes mason tending and electrical installatio incorporated into the brick wall during the overhead bricklaying process. PERSONAL FALL ARREST SYSTEM - means a system used to arrest an employee in a fall from a working level. It consists of an anchorage, connectors, a body belt or body harness and may include

a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline or suitable combinations of these. As of January 1, 19 use of a Body Belt for fall arrest is prohibited. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT - PPE includes all equipment designed to provide protectio the wearer from potential hazards to the eyes, face, hands, head, feet, ears, and extremities. PINCH POINT - any place where a body part can be caught between two or more moving parts POINT OF OPERATION - the area on a machine where material is positioned for processing - where work is actually being performed on the material POISON - Any substance that can cause severe distress or death if ingested, breathed in, or absorbed through the skin. Many substances that normally cause no problems, including water and most vitamins, can be poisonous if taken in too large of a quantity. Poison treatment depends on the substance: if there are treatment instructions on the substance's container and you are sure it contained no other item, follow those directions immediately. Always contact your nearest Poison Control Center if you are concerned about possible poison ingestion. POISON IVY - skin inflammation resulting from contact with oils from the poison ivy vine. Chemicals produced by this vine cause an immune reaction, producing redness, itching, and blistering of the skin. POSITIONING DEVICE SYSTEM - is a body belt or body harness system rigged to allow an employee to be supported on an elevated vertical surface, such as a wall, and work with both hands free while leaning. POWER TRANSMISSION - includes all mechanical parts, such as gears, cams, shafts, pulleys, belts, clutches, brakes, and rods, that transmit energy and motion from the source of power to the equipment or machine PRINCIPAL CONTRACTOR - means the person who is responsible for the management and control of the site where demolition work is being carried out. The principal contractor may also be the demolition contractor. PROTECTIVE SYSTEM - means a method of protecting employees from cave-ins, from material that could fall or roll from an excavation face into an excavation, or from the collapse of adjacent structures. Protective systems include support systems, sloping and benching systems, shield systems, and other systems that provide the necessary protection. RAMP - means an inclined walking or working surface that is used to gain access to one point from another. A ramp may be constructed from earth or from structural materials such as steel or wood. RESPIRATORY PROTECTION - equipment designed to provide protection to the wearer from potential inhalation hazards such as vapors, mists, particulates, and gases. RESUSCITATION - the procedure of restoring to life, as in cardiopulmonary resuscitation ROOF - is the exterior surface on the top of a building. This does not include floors or form-work which, because a building has not been completed, temporarily becomes the top surface of a building. ROOFING WORK - is the hoisting, storage, application, and removal of roofing materials and equipment, including related insulation, sheet metal, and vapor barrier work, but not including the construction of the roof deck. ROPE GRAB - is a deceleration device which travels on a lifeline and automatically, by friction, engages the lifeline and locks so as to arrest the fall of an employee. A rope grab usually employs the principal of inertial locking, cam/levellocking, or both. SAFEGUARDING - any means of preventing personnel from coming in contact with the moving parts of machinery or equipment, potentially causing physical harm SAFETY COORDINATOR - means the individual at Environmental Health and Safety Services (EHSS) responsible for developing and implementing this program, conducting unannounced work site inspections, and ensuring that the departments comply with the program requirements. SAFETY MONITORING SYSTEM - is a safety system in which a competent person is responsible for recognizing and warning employees of fall hazards. SCAFFOLD - scaffold is an elevated working platform for supporting both personnel and materials. It is a temporary structure SELF-RETRACTING LIFELINE/LANYARD - is a deceleration device containing a drum-wound line which can be slowly extracted from, or retracted onto, the drum under slight tension during normal employee movement, and which, after onset of a fall, automatically locks the drum and arrests the fall.

SHEETlNG - means the members of a shoring system that retain the earth in posit~on and in tum are supported by other members of the shoring system SH!ELD OR SHJELD SYSTEM '" means a structure used in an excavation to withstand cave-ins an.d which will protect employees working within the shield system. Shields can be permanent structures or portable units moved along as work progresses. SHORING OR SHORING SYSTEM - means a structure that is built or put in place to support the sides of an excavation to prevent cave-ins. SLOPiNG OR SLOPiNG SYSTEM - rneans Sloping the sides of the excavation away from the excavation to protect employees from cave-ins. The required slope will vary with soil type, weather, and surface or near surface loads that may affect the soil in the area of the trench (such as adjacent bui1dings, vehicles -near the edge of the trench and so forth J. SNAPHOOK - is a connector comprised of a hook-shaped member with a normally closed keeper, or similar arrangement, which may be opened to permit the hook to receive an object and, when released, automatically closes to retain the object. The only approved snaphooks are the locking type with a self-closing, self-locking keeper which remains closed and locked until unlocked and pressed open for connection or disconnection. SOLE PLATE - a timber or other member of adequate size and suitable quality used to distribute the load from the base plate over an area of ground,floor joist, etc SOLID DOUBLE YELLOW LINES - are used where there are four or more lanes with traffic moving in opposite directions. Two solid lines mark the center of the roadway. Solid yellow lines may be crossed to make a left turn to or from an alley, private road, driveway or street. SOliD WHiTE liNES - are used on the right of roadway edge. They separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. Crossing a solid white line requires special care and is discouraged. SOLID YELLOW LINES - are used on the left edge of divided streets or roadways. SPECIAL BUILD!NGS AND STRUCTURES - means buildings and structures which, because of the nature of their construction, need to be demolished with particular care. They also include: Pre-cast concrete panel and framed structures; Stressed skin structures (I.e. buildings that rely on the sheeting, cladding or decking to stiffen and restrain the strucluralframework); Slung structures (i.e. floors) that are in some way suspended from an umbrella type framework, supported from a concrete core, and Pre- or post-tensioned construction. STABLE ROCK - means natural solid mineral material that can be excavated with vertical sides that wW remain intact while exposed. STANDARD - a tube used as a column or vertical in the construction of a scaffold, and transmitting a load to the ground via a base plate. STEEP ROOF - is a roof having a slope greater than Four-in-twelve (4:12)(vertical to horizontal) STROKE - the sudden death of some brain cells due to a lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A stroke is also called a cerebrovascular accident or, for snort, a eVA. STRUCTURAL RAMP - means a ramp built of steel or wood, usually used for vehicle access. Ramps made of sailor rock are not considered structural ramps. SUNBURN - sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that develops in response to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or from tanning beds and booths that emit UV radiation. Sunburn is manifested by reddened, painful skin that may devel.op blisters. SUPPORT SYSTEM - means a structure such as underpinning, bracing, or shoring, which provides support to an adjacent structure, underground installation, or the sides of an excavation. SURCHARGE - means an excessive vertical load or weight caused by spoil, overburden, vehicles. equipment, or activities that may affect stability. SURFACE ENCUMBRANCES - include underground utilities, foundations, streams, water tables. transformer vaults, and geologic anomalies. SWAY BRACE - a tube secured diagonally across the face of a scaffold to ensure stability TABULATED DATA - means tables and charts approved by a registered professional engineer and us to design and constiUct a protective system. TAGOUT - placement of a tag on an energy-isolating device. A tagout device is a prominent warni device of a lockout.

TICK - a small wingless bloodsucking in~ may be found in tall grass, where they forcefully out from under the skin may leave the' lea -- - -TIE - a tube used to connect a scaffold to a rigid anchorage TOE BOARD - a plank positioned at the edge of a platform or pia materials falling from the platform or place; is a low protective ba that will prevent the fall of materials and equipment to lower levels an for personnel. TRANSOM - a tube spanning across ledgers to tie a scaffold transversely, which ma ar s_;=:_ --: == working platform TRAVEL MEDICINE - a branch of medicine that specializes in diseases and conditions that are acq i ~ . during travel. Travelers to different countries should be aware of the potential for acquiring diseases and injury which are not common in their own country. Immunizations, preventative medications, and general precautions should be considered prior to trips to different parts of the world. TRENCH - means a narrow excavation (in relation to its length) made below the surface of the ground. TWO-WAY LEFT TURN LANES - two-way left turn lanes are marked with yellow lines and white arrows. A left turn may not be made from any other lane when a turn lane is proVided. The turn lane is used for making turns from or into the roadway or when making a U-turn when permitted by law. UNCONFINED COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH - is the load per unit area at which soil will fail in compression. UNDERGROUND INSTALLATIONS - include, but are not limited to, utilities, tunnels, shafts, vaults, foundations, and other underground fixtures or equipment that may be encountered during excavation work. UNPROTECTED SIDES AND EDGES - is any side or edge (except at entrances to points of access) of a walking/working surface, e.g., floor, roof, ramp, or runway where there is no wall or guardrail system at least forty-two (42) inches high. UPRIGHTS - mean the vertical members of a trench shoring system placed in contact with the earth and usually positioned so that individual members do not contact each other. Uprights placed so that individual members are closely spaced, in contact with or interconnected to each other, are often called "sheeting." VOLTAGE - electromotive force expressed in volts. WALES - are horizontal members of a shoring system placed in the direction of the excavation face whose sides bear against the vertical members of the shoring system or earth (the uprights or sheeting). WALKING/WORKING SURFACE - is any surface, whether horizontal or vertical on which an employee walks or works, including, but not limited to, floors, roofs, ramps, bridges, turn ways, form-work and concrete reinforcing steel but not including ladders, vehicles, or trailers, on which employees must be located in order to perform their job duties WARNING LINE SYSTEM - is a barrier erected on a roof to warn employees that they are approaching an unprotected roof side or edge, and which designates an area in which roofing work may take place without the use of a guardrail, body harness, or safety net systems to protect employees in the area. WATT - unit of electrical power, equal to the power developed in a circuit by a current of amp flowing through a potential difference of one volt. WHITE CROSSWALK LINES - white crosswalk lines are painted across the entire width of the pavement. Sometimes the inside area is marked with white diagonal lines for added Visibility. Pedestrians in crosswalks have the right-of-way over motor vehicles. Crosswalks are sometimes in the middle of the block in residential areas and, in this case, a pedestrian crossing sign is located at the white lines. WHITE LANE LINES - white lane lines separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. WHITE STOP LINE - a white stop line is painted across a lane at an intersection. The line is usually 4 ft. before the crosswalk in an urban area. It shows where you must stop for a STOP sign or red light. You must stop your vehicle before any part of it crosses the line. YELLOW "NO PASSING" LINES - no passing lines are solid yellow lines on roads where traffic moves in opposite directions. The lines indicate zones where passing is not allowed. When the solid yellow line is on your side of the center line, you may cross it to finish passing a vehicle you started to pass before the beginning of the no passing zone. Or, you may cross it to make a left turn into or from an alley, private road or driveway. When there is a solid and a broken yellow line separating two lanes of

traffic moving in opposite directions, you may pass only when the broken yellow!ine is nearest your lane. YELLOW CENTER UNES ~ yellow center lines separate lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions.