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Lesson Planning Sheet Title: Circle Theorems & Tangents Learning Objectives: By the end of the lesson: All students should be able to discover that a tangent and radius intersecting at the circumference of a circle and perpendicular. Most students should be able to discover that a tangent and radius intersecting at the circumference of a circle are perpendicular and that angles in alternate segments are equal. Some students should be able to derive both theorems relating to tangents at the circumference of a circle and apply them to solve complex problems involving multiple circle theorems. Key words: Tangent, Segment, Chord, Radius, Perpendicular Learning Activities Starter/Introduction Students read the text at the top of the second slide then sketch their interpretation of the instructions on mini-whiteboards. This will enable the teacher to asses the students understanding of the vocabulary so that feedback can be given. Move on to the exemplar diagrams when appropriate so that students have a clearer idea. It is important that the students construct and measure their own diagrams relating to the theorems so that they are able to take ownership of the geometrical property rather than simply accepting it to be true. Students use a pair of compasses, straight edge and protractor to construct the diagrams similar to those on the second slide to discover that the radius and tangent are perpendicular at the circumference of the circle. Use a similar approach for the alternate segment theorems. The interactive Geogebra files can be used for further demonstration. YouTube Proofs Development Once the class have recognised the two properties involving tangents encourage them to refine their description using the appropriate mathematical vocabulary. Students then begin to apply these theorems using the problems provided on the fourth slide. The class could work through the first few problems, showing their working on mini-whiteboard. Emphasise the need to break the problems down by determining one angle at time using the appropriate theorem. When ready, the class should be encouraged to work independently. Have students come to the front to demonstrate their solutions throughout the lesson so to maintain pace. Plenary The problem on the final slide is intended to cover each of the theorems covered in the lesson. Students should sketch the diagram on mini-whiteboards and include all their working out. Encourage students to work in pairs so that they are able to question each others understanding of how to apply the different theorems. Resources: Pairs of compasses Rulers Pencils, Protractors Calculators Mini-whiteboards Interactive Geogebra files
Differentiation More able: Attempting problems that involve multiple theorems will deepen the students application of the concepts. Students could be encouraged to create their own problems so that they appreciate how the various theorems are interlinked. The angles in alternate segments theorem could be proved algebraically using various other angle properties. Less Able It maybe appropriate for students to cover each theorem in a single lesson so that the concepts are more embedded before moving on. Emphasise the need for accuracy in the constructions and measuring.