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SCHAUM’S oullines eee The perfect aid for better grades! Covers all graph fundamentals— supplements any course text Teaches effective problem-solving Hundreds of fully solved problems Helps you understand any graphs! Use with these courses: 2% craph Theory Cf traphs and Networks [2 Discrete Mathenaties iW} Finite Mathematics [1 Network; Qptinjeations: a SCHAUM’S OUTLINE OF THEORY AND PROBLEMS OF GRAPH THEORY V. K. BALAKRISHNAN, Ph.D. Professor of Mathematics University of Maine Orono, Maine SCHAUM’S OUTLINE SERIES McGRAW-HILL New York St.Louis San Francisco Auckland Bogoté Caracas Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Delhi San Juan Singapore Sydney Tokyo Toronto VK. BALAKRISHNAN is a professor of mathematics at the University of Maine, where he coordinates an interdepartmental program on operations re- search. He has an honors degree in mathematics from the University of Madras, ‘a master’s degree in pure mathematics from the University of Wisconsin at Mad- ison, and a doctorate degree in applied mathematics from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Combinatorics and its Applications and a member of the American Mathematical Society, Mathe- ‘matical Association of America, and the Society for Industrial and Applied Math- cematies, He is the author of Introductory Discrete Mathematics (1991), Network Optimization (1995), and Schaum's Outline of Combinatorics (1995). ‘Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of GRAPH THEORY ‘Copyright © 1997 by The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc.All right reserved, Printed in the United ‘Stucs of America, Except as permitted under the Copyright Act of 1976, no par of this publication ‘nay be reproduced or dsibuted in any form or By any means or stored in a database or retrieval System, without the prioe writen permission of the publisher 123456789 1011 12 15 14 {5 16 17 18 19 20 PRS PRS.9.010987 ISBN 0-07-008489-4 Sponsoring Baitr: Barbara Gilson Production Supervisor: Suzanne Rapcavage Falting Supervisor: Maureen B, Walker McGraw-Hill {A Division of The MeGraw Hill Conpaies