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Chapter 8 Reading

yad rma stm apayat tad tasym anvarajyata /

tasym raj

f., sg., loc. of tad 1, 4U. (rajati or te, rajyati or te) to be attached or devoted to, to love = anu-raj

tasmin kale bahavo rjna sty svayavarygacchan /


sg., abl. or gen. of st sg., dat. of svayam(ind. oneself used reflexively and applicable to all


persons and sometimes used with other pronouns for the sake of emphasis)-vara(the act of choosing; a wish)

janako rjaivam avadac ca /

ya kopi rj ivasya cpe ba sadadhti sa mama kany pariayatti /

cpa ba

a bow an arrow to put together

sam-dh(3U. to put) n

1U. to bring, take; to marry = pari-n

np acintayan /

aho etena sulabhena karma sottam nr mamaiva bhry bhavatti /

aho sulabha uttama nr

ind. a particle showing surprise or wonder a. easy to be obtained a. best a woman

garvits te mrkh njnan yac chambho cpo tva gurur iti /

garvita mrkha ajnan

a. proud; conceited a. stupid, dull-headed


a fool

imperfect, 3rd pers., pl. of j (The class sign of the 9th class is in the weak

forms n, the of which disappear altogether before the initial vowel of an ending)


ind. that (The object of the words of saying, thinking, believing etc. is often

paraphrased by a clase, introduced by yat, yata, yath with or without iti at the end)


m. a name of iva

athpi sarve pryatanta /


= atha in most cases


ind. here, now; and; on the other hand; but;

then; afterwards; if


1. to attempt, try (usually with inf. or dat.) = pra-yat

na kacana rj tasmin karmai samartha st /


imperfect, 3rd pers., sg. of as (Notice should be take of the imperfect paradigm of

as: st, stm, san, ss, stam, sta, sam, sva, sma)

antata rrmo blako pi ta cpam upgacchat /

antata r

ind. at last, lastly

a. often used as an honorific prefix to the names of deities and eminent persons

rjnas tam apayan prhasa ca /


1P. to smile; to ridicule = pra-has

aho ea blako vr karmai prayatata iti /

sa na kimapy avadat /

kitu cpa patram iva llayodaharad abhanak ca /

kitu patram ll bhaj

ind. but a leaf; paper; a document play; ease 7P. to break (Notice should be take of the present indicative paradigm and some

of the imperfect paradigm of bhaj: bhanakti1), bhakta, bhajanti1), bhanaki, bhaktha,

bhaktha, bhanajmi1), bhajva1), bhajma (the present indicative); abhanak(3rd pers. sg)2), abhanak(2nd pers. sg)2) (the imperfect); 1) Root final j of several roots that belong to the 7th
class is treated exactly like root final c, which, when it precedes any vyajana other than a nasal or v, is treated as though it were k in the same position; 2) Original final consonant clusters are reduced to the first consonant of the cluster)

rjno krudhyan kitu janaka st ctuyatm //

krudh tu

4P. to be angry 4P. to be pleased or satisfied (usually with instr.); to please or satisfy (with acc.)

Chapter 9 Reading