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pg966 1) east Germany, Poland, Czechoslavikia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria 2) Encouraging democracy and united germany

pg968 1) Great Britain 2)were US allies in NATO pg 970 1) United nations- organization formed to protect members from aggression Iron Curtain-separated communist and noncommunist countries containment-policy blocking soviet influence and stopping communist expansion Truman Doctrine-policy caused people to object about US involvement in other nations affairs Marshall Plan-provided food,machinery, and other materials to rebuild western Europe Cold war- struggle caused many to think of a 3rd world war NATO-military alliance by 12 nations Warsaw Pact-soviet union alliance that was against NATO brinkmanship-willingness to go to the brink of war 3)protect the members against any aggression 4)to help western European countries rebuild their countries 5)To have protection from allies if a country was attacked pg977 1)Chosan 2)South Korea pg 979 1)Vietcong 2)Laos and Cambodia pg 981 1)38th parallel-separated korea into south and north countries Douglas MacArthur-general who commanded armies of over 15 nations Ho Chi Minh- leader of Indochinese communist party who led revolts and strikes against French Domino Theory-that if one SE asian country become communist, the rest will also Ngo Din Diem-leader of Vietnams anti=communist state Vietcong- Communist guerrilla who overtook south Vietnamese government Vietnamization-US troops pull out of Vietnam while south Vietnam increased their combat Khmer Rouge-communist rebels who set up communist government under Pol Pot 3)sent an international force to korea to stop the invasion 4)divided by communism in the north and non-communism in the south 5)planned to transform Cambodia into communist society pg 983 1)split Europe and different countries against each other 2)show their power pg 984 1)Australia and Africa 2) 1/4

pg 987 1)Third World-developing nations who were not sided with either superpower nonaligned nations-nations either neutral or competing both sides against each other Fidel Castro-Cuban Dictator who sided with soviets Anastasio Somoza-Nicaraguan dictator who backed by the US Daniel Ortega-sandinistas leader who played US and USSR against each other Ayatollah Rubolla Komeini-leader of mulsim who revolted against shah 3)Khrushchev agreed to remove missles in return for US to no invade Cuba 4)first free election in their country 5)muslim revolt threatened to topple Afghanistans communist regime pg 991 1)Nikita Khrushchev-soviet leader after stalin Leonid Brezhnev-Khrushchevs replacement who adopted repressive domestic policies John F Kennedy- US president during Cuban Missile Crisis Lyndon Johnson-Kennedys Successor who increased US involvement in Vietnam Detente- policy of lessening cold war tensions Richard M Nixon-US president during highest point of brinkmanship SALT-strategic arms limitation talks that nixon and brezhnev signed Ronald Regan-1918 US president who formed the SDI 3)there were more destalinization and more massive reforms 4)the secret police had arrested many dissidents like aleksandr solzenisyn winner of 1970 lit. 5)Brezhnev Doctrine

pg 1073 1. it was Europe

2. They are the nations that were to be considered the wealthiest in the world pg1074 1.International Space Station- The International Space Station is a habitable artificial satellite in low Earth orbit. It follows the Salyut, Almaz, Skylab and Mir stations as the ninth space station to be inhabited. 3. All of the countries had came together to try to create this project 4. The internet allows access to information easily and very quickly while computers speed up efficiency. 5. Inventions such as powerful microscopes, the laser, and ultrasound were created to help with health and medicine. pg1076 1. Poland. 2. Mitsubishi and Mitsui pg1080 1.Developed Nation- Nations with industrialization Emerging Nations- Those in the process of becoming industrialized Global Economy- All financial interactions that cross international borders Free Trade- Elimination of trade barriers Ozone Layer- It is in the upper atmosphere and is our main protection against the sun's damaging ultraviolet rays Sustainable Growth- Growing without ruining the environment 3. Because they have skills that can lead to new inventions that will make life easier. 4. The EU inspired other countries to be involved in free trade 5. With the new factories and workplaces, toxins and CFC's that hurt the Ozone layer. pg1085 1. Sub-Saharan Africa 2. Eastern Europe and Central Asia pg1086 1.Proliferation- Spread of nuclear weapons to other nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights- Human rights standards for all nations Politcal Dissent- Difference of opinions over political issues Gender inequality- Difference between men and women in terms of wealth and status AIDS- Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome Refugees- People who move from one country to another for safety 3. They've made treaties saying that helped prevent spreading nuclear weapons 4. Most people are dying during the years that they can be most productive economically 5. They offset labor shortages. pg1088

1. Africa and Asia 2. It has decreased over the years pg1092 1.Terrorism- Use of violence against people to force changes Cyber Terrorism- Politically motivated attacks on information systems Department of Homeland Security- National efforts against terrorism USA Patriot Act- It was an act that allowed the government to prevent terrorism 3. It has become more technologically advance 4. Violence and cyberterrorism 5. They created the USA Patriot Act pg1097 1.Popular Culture- Cultural elements that reflect a groups common background Materialism- the western mindset of placing value on material possesions 3. Many people living in the US and in other countries have television that gave them a quick access to different cultures in the world 4. Because they have newer things and were also more industrialized 5. They had tried to put in programs to make sure that ethnic groups are spread out among the country.