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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

EED

Experiment No. 1

Aim : Study and obtain the efficiency of DC Shunt Motor by Swinburn’s test

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. DC load

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Procedure : 1. First of all make sure that the Earthing

Procedure :

  • 1. First of all make sure that the Earthing of your laboratory is proper and connected

to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 1. Make sure that the DC Variable Supply is off and its knob is at zero position.

  • 2. Now start making the connections

  • 3. Connect motor terminal provided at the top of the motor to the control panel. For

this connect field and armature terminals of the motor (F-FF and A-AA) to

corresponding field and armature terminal provided at the control panel as shown in above fig.

  • 4. Connect variable DC Supplies to their corresponding terminals provided on the

panel.

  • 5. Connect + terminal of Variable DC Supply Input to terminal 1 and ve terminal is

connected to terminal 2.

  • 6. Connect terminal 1 to terminal A1 of the ammeter and terminal A2 of the ammeter

to terminal F of the control panel.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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  • 7. Connect terminal 2 to terminal FF of the field winding of the motor.

  • 8. Connect terminal F of the motor to terminal A3 of the ammeter and terminal A4 of

the ammeter to terminal A of the armature winding of the motor at the control panel.

  • 9. Connect terminal FF of the field winding to terminal AA of the armature winding

    • 10. Connect voltmeter terminals V1 and V2 across armature winding terminals A and

AA at the control panel.

  • 11. Ensure that the belt being used for loading the motor is free so that the motor run

at without load

  • 12. Verify these connections with the connections as shown in the circuit diagram

(Figure 20).

  • 13. If all the connections are proper then switch on the Variable DC supply.

  • 14. Increase the armature voltage to attain the rated speed (1500 rpm).

  • 15. Observe and record the field current, armature current and armature voltage of the

motor into the observation table.

  • 16. Also check the speed on the motor when the motor runs at without load.

  • 17. Now switch off the Variable DC Supply.

  • 18. Now put the load on the motor by just tighten the screws up-to the rated current

(that is 4A for 1 HP Motor) through the mechanical belt arrangement provided at

the control panel.

(See reference table given before experiments for maximum permissible armature current for different machines rating)

  • 19. Now switch On the Variable DC Supply.

  • 20. Observe and record the field current, armature current and armature voltage of the

motor into the observation table.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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  • 21. Also check the speed on the motor when the motor runs at loaded condition

  • 22. Switch off the Variable DC Supply.

User’s can fairly estimate the efficiency of the motor at any loading condition.

Graphs to be included:

  • 1. Armature current and Speed

  • 2. Armature current and Torque

  • 3. Speed and Torque

Observation table:

Without Load Condition:

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED 21. Also check the speed on the motor when the motor
 

Sr.

Field Current

Armature

Armature

Speed

 

No.

If in AMPS

Current

Voltage

No in

Iao in

V in

R.P.M

AMPS

VOLTS

   
         
         
         
 

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

EED

Under Loaded Condition:

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Under Loaded Condition: Sr.no Field Armature Armature Speed N Current(A) Current(A)
Sr.no Field Armature Armature Speed N Current(A) Current(A) voltage(V) in rpm
Sr.no
Field
Armature
Armature
Speed
N
Current(A)
Current(A)
voltage(V)
in rpm

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Experiment No. 2

Aim : Speed control of Separately Excited DC Shunt Motor by Ward-Leonard Method

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Three Phase Variac 10A (can be arranged from your laboratory)

  • 5. Rheostat 220 Ohm, 2.8A(can be arranged from your laboratory)

  • 6. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Experiment No. 2 Aim : Speed control of Separately Excited DC

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Procedure:

  • 1 First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2 Make sure that the Three Phase Mains is off and the MCB of panel is also at off

position.

  • 3 Connect R, Y and B terminal of Three Phase Supply to Three phase Induction

Motor terminals R, Y and B.

  • 4 Now insert the Voltmeter in the circuit for this connects V1 and V2 to terminal R

and Y as shown in fig18.

  • 5 Connect terminal A and AA of DC Shunt Generator to A and AA of DC Shunt

Motor.

  • 6 Now insert the voltmeter in the circuit for this connects V3 and V4 to terminal A

and AA of DC Shunt Generator.

  • 7 Connect terminal F of DC shunt generator to Rheostat1 terminal R1 and FF to

terminal R2.

  • 8 Now insert the Rheostat terminals (Optional) in the circuit for this connects R1,

R2 and R3 of Rheostat1.

  • 9 Connect terminal R2 and R3 of Rheostat to terminal S1 of Reversing Switch.

    • 10 Connect terminal S2 to FF of DC shunt motor and insert the Ammeter in the

circuit for this connects A1and A2 to S2 and F respectively.

  • 11 Now insert the Three Phase Induction Motor terminals R, Y and B in the circuit

for this connect R, Y and B of Three Phase Induction Motor DC Shunt

Generator’s circuit.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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  • 12 Connect the DC shunt Generator terminal A and AA to Three Phase Induction

Motor DC Shunt Generator circuit’s terminal A and AA respectively.

  • 13 Similarly connect the DC Shunt Generator terminal F and FF to Three Phase

Induction Motor DC Shunt Generator circuit’s terminal F and FF respectively.

  • 14 Now connect the terminal A to F and AA to FF of DC Shunt Generator.

  • 15 Connect the DC Shunt Motor terminals A, AA, F and FF to DC Shunt Motor’s

circuit terminals A, AA, F and FF respectively.

  • 16 Check all the connections as per diag.18 before switch on the supply.

  • 17 Rheostat position should be minimum at the time of starting.

  • 18 Switch ON the Three Phase Mains if all the connections are right.

Note: Output of DC Shunt Generator will depend upon the prime mover speed. Three

Phase Induction Motor (prime mover) runs at 1440 rpm approximately, while

DC Shunt Generator speed is 1500 rpm. Both motor and generator are coupled

with common shaft thus generation of the DC Shunt Generator will be less

then 200V.

  • 19 The variable voltage across the terminals of the generator or across the motor is

obtained by varying the exciting current of the generator.

  • 20 Take no. of readings by varying the rheostat position.

  • 21 And users can also change the direction of motor with the help of reversing

switch.

  • 22 Switch off the supply.

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Sr. No. Field current in amp DC Motor speed in RPM
Electromagnetic energy conversion lab
EED
Sr.
No.
Field current in
amp
DC Motor speed in
RPM

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Experiment No. 1

Aim : To study & verify the operating characteristics of DC Series Motor

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Tachometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the DC supply is ‘Off’ and knob of its Variac is at zero position.

  • 3. Connect positive and negative terminals of variable DC supply to the positive and negative terminals of variable DC supply input terminals provided on the control panel so that variable DC supply available on the panel.

  • 4. Connect positive terminal of variable DC supply input to terminal A1 of Ammeter.

  • 5. Connect A2 terminal of Ammeter to terminal A on panel.

  • 6. Connect terminal AA to terminal FF on panel.

  • 7. Now, connect the terminal F to negative terminal of DC input supply on panel.

  • 8. Connect field (F and FF) terminals provided on the top of the motor to the field (F and FF) terminals provided on the control panel.

  • 9. Connect armature (A &AA) terminals provided on the top of the motor to the armature (A & AA) terminals provided on the control panel.

    • 10. Connect terminals A and AA of the armature to the terminals V1 and V2 of voltmeter.

    • 11. Now, switch ‘On’ the variable DC supply and slowly increasing the voltage until the

motor attain its rated speed that is 1500 R.P.M

  • 12. Check the speed of the motor with the help of Techometer. Note: Ensure that the speed of the motor does not exceeds above 1500 R.P.M

  • 13. Since motor is running on No-load, slowly insert the load with the help of pulley so that the speed of motor reduces & current starts increasing.

  • 14. To calculate the torque, first observe the reading of spring balance T1 & T2.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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  • 15. If reading of first balance is T1 and that of second is T2 then the overall torque will be = T1-T2. Record this T into the observation table.

  • 16. Observe the reading of ammeter and correspondingly measure speed using Tachometer.

  • 17. Record your observations into the observation table.

  • 19. Switch ‘Off’ the DC supply.

Note: If any voltmeter or ammeter reads in opposite direction then safely switch OFF

the supply & change the connection across

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

Sr.

Armature

 

Motor torque

Speed

No.

current (A)

T1

T2

T = T1 - T2

(rpm)

(N-m)

(N-m)

(N-m)

           
           
           

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Experiment No. 5

Aim : Speed control of separately excited DC shunt motor by field current control

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable, 200V Fixed DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Tachometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

  • 6. Rheostat

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Experiment No. 5 Aim : Speed control of separately excited DC

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the back side of panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the DC supply is off and knob of its Variac is at 0 position.

  • 3. Also make sure that the belt is loose so that motor can run at normal speed.

  • 4. Connect External Rheostat across terminals R1 and R2.

  • 5. Connect Fixed DC supply to the terminals provided on the panel (Fixed DC

supply input)

  • 6. Connect + terminal of Fixed DC supply input to one terminal of Rheostat R1.

  • 7. Connect other terminal of Rheostat (R2) to terminal A1.

  • 8. Connect A2 to terminal F of field winding and then connect FF terminal to of

Fixed DC supply input so that a rheostat and an ammeter is connected in series

with field.

  • 9. Now connect Variable DC supply terminals to the terminals of Variable DC

supply input provided on the panel.

  • 10. Connect + of variable supply to A3, then A4 to A terminal of armature.

  • 11. Connect AA terminal of armature to of Variable DC supply input.

  • 12. Connect motor to the panel for this connect A and AA terminals of panel to A

and AA terminals on the motor, similarly connect F and FF panels on the panel

to F and FF terminals of motor.

  • 13. Connect voltmeter across Armature terminals, for this connect A and AA

terminals to V1 and V2 respectively.

  • 14. Switch ON the DC supply.

  • 15. Now slowly vary the armature voltage and find change in motor speed.

  • 16. Fix Armature voltage to a fixed value (Say 200V).

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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  • 17. Now vary the resistance of field using rheostat and observe the field current.

  • 18. Measure the speed of motor using tachometer.

  • 19. Record your observations into the observation table.

Graphs to be included:

Attached required graphs

Observation table:

Sr.

Field Current

Armature

Speed

No.

(A)

Voltage

R.P.M

(Constant)

       
       
       
       
       
       
  • 20. Take number of readings and draw graph between Field Current and Motor

Speed.

  • 21. Switch off the DC supply.

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Experiment No. 13

Aim : To study & verify the load characteristics of DC Series generator

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Rheostat

  • 5. Dc load

  • 6. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Experiment No. 13 Aim : To study & verify the load

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthling of your laboratory is proper and it is connected to

the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the DC Supply is off and knob of its Variac is at zero position.

  • 3. Make sure that the DC Load is off.

  • 4. Now connect terminals of Fixed DC Supply & Variable DC Supply to the terminals

provided on the panel.

  • 5. Connect the positive & negative terminal of Fixed DC Supply across R1 & R2.

  • 6. Connect positive terminal of Variable DC Supply to A3 & also connect A4 to terminal 3.

  • 7. Connect terminal 4 to negative terminal of Variable DC Supply.

  • 8. Connect the Rheostat across the terminal R1, R2 & R3 respectively. Initially rheostat

should be a minimum position.

  • 9. Connect R3 to A1 & A2 to terminal 1.

    • 10. Connect R2 to terminal 2.

    • 11. Connect the voltmeter terminal V1& V2 across the terminal 3 & 4 respectively.

    • 12. Connect the motor terminal F & FF to terminal 1 & 2 respectively.

    • 13. Again connect the Motor terminal A & AA to terminal 3 & 4 respectively.

    • 14. Connect terminal A5 to terminal 7 and terminal A6 to positive terminal of load.

    • 15. Connect terminal 6 to the negative terminal of load.

    • 16. Short the terminal 5 & 8.

    • 17. Connect the voltmeter terminal V3 & V4 across the terminal 7 & 6 respectively.

    • 18. Connect the Generator terminal A & AA to terminal 5 & 6 respectively.

    • 19. Again connect the Generator terminal F & FF to terminal 7 & 8 respectively.

    • 20. Connect the cable of DC Load to the terminal provided on the panel.

    • 21. Check the connection once more as per the connection diagram.

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  • 22. Switch ON the Fixed DC Supply and note the Field current in the Field Winding.

  • 23. Now gradually increased the Variable DC Supply up to 200 volt so that the Motor start to

rotate at rated speed.

  • 24. Now slowly increase the load keeping speed of rotor constant with the help of rheostat

(see reference table given before experiments for maximum permissible armature

current for different machines rating)

  • 25. Note the corresponding reading of voltage & load current at different values of load on

the observation table.

  • 26. After observation slowly reduced the load to zero & then reduce the voltage through

variac to zero.

  • 27. Switch OFF the supply.

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

Sr.

Load

Terminal

No.

current IL

voltage

(A)

Vt

(V)

     
     
     
     
     

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Circuit diagram

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Circuit diagram Co-students name: Write the name of the co-students in

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Experiment No. 12

Aim : To study and verify No-Load characteristics of DC Series Generator

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Rheostat

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

24 | [Type the company name]
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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Note:

Machine with two fuses is used as a DC shunt motor whereas another machine with one fuse

is used as a DC series Generator.

Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is connected to

the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the DC Supply is off and knob of its variac is at 0 positions.

  • 3. Now connect terminals of Fixed DC Supply & Variable DC Supply to the terminals

provided on the panel.

  • 4. Connect the positive terminal of Fixed DC Supply to R1 & negative terminal of Fixed DC

Supply to R2.

  • 5. Connect positive terminal of Variable DC Supply to A3 & also connect A4 to terminal 1.

  • 6. Connect terminal 2 to negative terminal of Variable DC Supply.

  • 7. Connect the Rheostat across the terminal R1, R2 & R3 respectively. Initially rheostat

should be at maximum position.

  • 8. Connect R3 to A5 & A6 to terminal 7.

  • 9. Connect R2 to terminal 8.

    • 10. Connect the Voltmeter terminal V1& V2 across the terminal 3 & 4 respectively.

    • 11. Connect the Motor terminal F & FF to terminal 1 & 2 respectively.

    • 12. Again connect the Motor terminal A & AA to terminal 3 & 4 respectively.

    • 13. Connect the terminal 1 to 3 & terminal 2 to 4.

    • 14. Connect the Generator terminal A & AA to terminal 5 & 6 respectively.

    • 15. Again connect the Generator terminal F & FF to terminal 7 & 8 respectively.

    • 16. Connect the Voltmeter terminal V3 & V4 across the terminal 5 & 6 respectively.

    • 17. Check the connection once more as per the connection diagram.

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  • 18. Switch ON the DC supply and gradually increased the variable voltage up to 200 volts so

that the motor runs at rated speed.

  • 19. Now vary the rheostat slowly so that no load terminal voltage starts to build up. Now

read the terminal voltage for different value of field current & note the readings in

observation table.

  • 20. After observation make the rheostat again at maximum position & then reduce the

voltage through variac to zero.

  • 21. Switch OFF the supply.

Note: If any voltmeter or ammeter reads in opposite direction then safely switch off the

supply & interchange the connection across it.

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

Sr.

Field Current

Teminal

No.

If in AMPS

voltage

Vt

In volt

     
     
     
     
     

Circuit diagram

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED
Electromagnetic energy conversion lab
EED

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

\

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Experiment No. 12

Aim : To study and verify No-Load characteristics of DC Series Generator

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Rheostat

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Note:

Machine with two fuses is used as a DC shunt motor whereas another machine with one fuse

is used as a DC series Generator.

Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is connected to

the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the DC Supply is off and knob of its variac is at 0 positions.

  • 3. Now connect terminals of Fixed DC Supply & Variable DC Supply to the terminals

provided on the panel.

  • 4. Connect the positive terminal of Fixed DC Supply to R1 & negative terminal of Fixed DC

Supply to R2.

  • 5. Connect positive terminal of Variable DC Supply to A3 & also connect A4 to terminal 1.

  • 6. Connect terminal 2 to negative terminal of Variable DC Supply.

  • 7. Connect the Rheostat across the terminal R1, R2 & R3 respectively. Initially rheostat

should be at maximum position.

  • 8. Connect R3 to A5 & A6 to terminal 7.

  • 9. Connect R2 to terminal 8.

    • 10. Connect the Voltmeter terminal V1& V2 across the terminal 3 & 4 respectively.

    • 11. Connect the Motor terminal F & FF to terminal 1 & 2 respectively.

    • 12. Again connect the Motor terminal A & AA to terminal 3 & 4 respectively.

    • 13. Connect the terminal 1 to 3 & terminal 2 to 4.

    • 14. Connect the Generator terminal A & AA to terminal 5 & 6 respectively.

    • 15. Again connect the Generator terminal F & FF to terminal 7 & 8 respectively.

    • 16. Connect the Voltmeter terminal V3 & V4 across the terminal 5 & 6 respectively.

    • 17. Check the connection once more as per the connection diagram.

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  • 18. Switch ON the DC supply and gradually increased the variable voltage up to 200 volts so

that the motor runs at rated speed.

  • 19. Now vary the rheostat slowly so that no load terminal voltage starts to build up. Now

read the terminal voltage for different value of field current & note the readings in

observation table.

  • 20. After observation make the rheostat again at maximum position & then reduce the

voltage through variac to zero.

  • 21. Switch OFF the supply.

Note: If any voltmeter or ammeter reads in opposite direction then safely switch off the

supply & interchange the connection across it.

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

Sr.

Field Current

Teminal

No.

If in AMPS

voltage

Vt

In volt

     
     
     
     
     

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Circuit diagram

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Circuit diagram Co-students name: Write the name of the co-students in

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

EED

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Experiment No. 1

Aim : To study the open circuit characteristic of Three Phase Synchronous Generator Lab.

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V AC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Tachometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

  • 6. Rheostat

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Procedure: 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of

Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the knob of the variable DC supply is at zero position.

  • 3. First connect the fixed and variable DC supply to the terminal provided at the

control panel.

  • 4. Now connect positive and negative of variable DC supply to the field

terminals (F and FF) of DC Shunt Motor provided at the control panel.

  • 5. Connect terminal FF to terminal AA of DC Shunt Motor provided at the

control panel.

  • 6. Now insert meters in the circuit for this connect A1 to F and A2 to A.

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  • 7. Similarly insert Voltmeter for the connection of A to V1 and AA to V2.

  • 8. Now connect DC Motor in the circuit, connect A to A and AA to AA.

  • 9. Similarly Connect F to F and FF to FF.

    • 10. Thus the connections have been completed on prime-mover end.

    • 11. Now connect the positive terminal of the Fixed DC supply terminal to terminal

R1 and Negative terminal to terminal R2 of the Rheostat1.

  • 12. Now insert the rheostat on control panel for the connection of R1, R2 and R3.

  • 13. Connect terminal R3 of Rheostat1 to terminal A3.

  • 14. Connect terminal A4 to terminal F of synchronous generator.

  • 15. Connect FF terminal of synchronous generator to terminal R2.

  • 16. Connect terminal F and FF from the circuit to the Synchronous Generator

Field terminal F and FF respectively.

  • 17. Now to get the output from the Generator, connect terminal R, Y and B placed

at the terminal box of synchronous Generator to the terminal R, Y and B

provided at the control panel.

  • 18. Connect terminal R and Y from the Generator outputs (on panel) to the

terminal V3 and V4.

  • 19. Before switch ON the DC Supply Check the Value of rheostat which should

be at maximum position.

  • 20. Switch ON the DC variable supply so that the motor runs. Set the DC Motor at

constant speed

  • 21. Now switch the fixed DC supply and vary the rheostat connected externally to the circuit

  • 22. Take readings of field current and correspondingly measure generated voltage

of the synchronous generator in the observation table.

  • 23. Plot a graph between field current and generated voltage of the synchronous

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generator.

24. Switch OFF the fixed and variable DC supply.

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

 

Sr.

Open circuit

Field

Speed

No.

voltage per

current in

(rpm)

phase

Amperes

       
       

Cricuit diaram

       
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Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Experiment No. 2

Aim : Study of the Running and Reversing of single Phase Induction Motor

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V AC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. techometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Procedure : 1. First of all make sure that the earthing

Procedure :

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided to the back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the supply as well as the MCB is at ‘Off’ position.

  • 3. Connect terminals 1 to 3 and 2 to 6.

  • 4. Connect terminals 4 to 5 and 6 to 9.

  • 5. Connect terminal 5 to 7.

  • 6. Connect terminals 8 to10 and 9 to11.

  • 7. Connect terminals10 to 12 and 11 to 15.

  • 8. Connect terminal 13 to 14.

  • 9. Now insert meters in the circuit, for this connect A1and A2 to terminals 3 and 4

respectively.

10. Connect V1 and V2 to 5 and 6 respectively.

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  • 11. Connect W1 to terminal 7, W2 to terminal 8 and W3 to terminal 9.

  • 12. Now to connect the motor in the circuit, connect Running Winding terminals of the

motor (provided at the top of the motor) to terminals 10 and 11.

  • 13. Similarly connect the Starting Winding terminal of the motor to terminals 14 and 15

respectively.

  • 14. Now connect the Capacitor of the motor to terminals 12 and 13.

  • 15. Compare these connections with the connections given in the circuit diagram.

  • 16. If all the connections are right then switch ‘On’ the supply as well as the MCB of

panel.

  • 17. You will observe that the motor starts and run in a certain direction.

  • 18. Switch ‘Off’ the supply.

  • 19. Now interchange the Starting Winding connection, which is (terminal 14 and 15).

  • 20. Switch ‘On’ the supply.

  • 21. You will observe that the motor will start but the direction of rotation of shaft is

reverse from the previous direction.

  • 22. Switch ‘Off’ the supply.

Hence we conclude that the direction of rotation of the shaft of the motor can be

changed by simply interchanging the winding terminals.

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Observation table:

Sr. No.
Sr.
No.

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

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Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Experiment No. 10

Aim : To study the shot circuit characteristic of Three Phase Synchronous Generator Lab.

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Tachometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

  • 6. Rheostat

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Procedure: 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of

Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the knob of the variable DC supply is at zero position.

  • 3. First connect the fixed and variable DC supply to the terminal provided at the

control panel.

  • 4. Now connect positive and negative of variable DC supply to the field

terminals (F and FF) of DC Shunt Motor provided at the control panel.

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  • 5. Connect terminal FF to terminal AA of DC Shunt Motor provided at the

control panel.

  • 6. Now insert meters in the circuit for this connect A1 to F and A2 to A.

  • 7. Similarly insert Voltmeter for the connection of A to V1 and AA to V2.

  • 8. Now connect DC Motor in the circuit, connect A to A and AA to AA.

Similarly Connect F to F and FF to FF.

9.Thus the connections have been completed on prime-mover end.

10.

Now connect the positive terminal of the Fixed DC supply terminal to terminal

R1 and Negative terminal to terminal R2 of the Rheostat1.

11.

Now insert the rheostat on control panel for the connection of R1, R2 and R3.

12.

Connect terminal R3 of Rheostat1 to terminal A3.

13.

Connect terminal A4 to terminal F of synchronous generator.

14.

Connect FF terminal of synchronous generator to terminal R2.

15.

Connect terminal F and FF from the circuit to the Synchronous Generator

Field terminal F and FF respectively.

16.

Now connect terminal R, Y and B placed at the terminal box of synchronous

Generator to the terminal A5, Y and B provided at the control panel.

17.

Connect R terminal of panel to the ammeter terminal A6.

18.

Connect panel terminals R to Y, Y to B and B to R respectively.

19.

Before switch ON the DC Supply Check the Value of rheostat which should

 

be at maximum position.

20.

Switch ON the DC variable supply so that the motor runs. Set the DC Motor at

constant speed

 

21.

Now switch the fixed DC supply and vary the rheostat connected externally to

the circuit

 
 

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  • 22. Take readings of field current and correspondingly measure short circuit

Current of the synchronous generator in the observation table.

  • 23. Plot a graph between field current and generated voltage of the synchronous

generator.

  • 24. Switch OFF the fixed and variable DC supply.

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

Sr.

short circuit

Field

Speed

No.

voltage per

current in

(rpm)

phase

Amperes

       
       
       

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab
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Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

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Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Experiment No. 3

Aim : Study of Speed-Torque Characteristics of Three Phase Induction Motor

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Tachometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Procedure : 1. First of all make sure that the earthing

Procedure :

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Before starting experiment belt of motor must be loose so that motor can run

freely.

  • 3. Make sure that the Three Phase Mains and the MCB of panel is at off position.

  • 4. Connect terminal R of Three Phase Outputs to terminal 1 and terminal B to

terminal 2.

  • 5. Connect terminal Y to directly terminal 11 of motor connection.

  • 6. Connect terminal 1 to terminal 3 and terminal 2 to terminal 12.

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  • 7. Connect terminal 4 to terminal 10.

  • 8. Connect terminals 10, 11 and 12 to R, Y and B terminals of Motor respectively.the supply &

change the connection across

  • 9. Insert meters, for this connect terminals V1 and V2 to terminals 1 and 2

respectively and terminals A1 and A2 to terminals 3 and 4 respectively.

10.

Make sure that belt is loose so that motor can run on normal speed freely.

11.

Compare your connections with the connections of Figure 25. If all the

connections are proper then switch on the Three Phase Mains as well as the

 

MCB of panel.

12.

Measure the number load speed (RPM) of motor using Tachometer, record your

observation into the observation table.

13.

Now slowly tighten the load so that speed of motor reduces.

14.

Measure the speed again a record into the table.

15.

Calculate torque on belt, for this first observe the readings of spring balances.

16.

Now if reading of first spring balance is W1 and that of second one is W2 then

the overall force on the pulley will be W = W1-W2 & calculate the torque into

the observation table for the corresponding speed by using of below formula-

 

T = F r 9.8 Nm

Where,

F = Force on the pulley

r = Radius of the pulley

17.

Increase the load up to current specified (see reference table given before

experiments for different machines rating) and take no. of readings of N and

T.

  • 18. Draw a graph between these two parameters, this graph is nothing but Speed-

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Torque characteristics or the load characteristics of Three Phase Induction

Motor.

Observation table:

Sr.

W1 in kg

W2 in kg

Speed(N)

Torque T in Nm

No.

In

RPM

         
         
         
         

Circuit diagram:

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Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Experiment No. 4

Aim : Study of block rotor test of a single phase induction motor.Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Techo meter

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Experiment No. 4 Aim : Study of block rotor test of

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Procedure :

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided to the back side of panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the Supply as well as Single Phase MCB is at ‘Off’ position.

  • 3. Connect terminals 1 to 3 and 2 to 6.

  • 4. Connect terminals 4 to 5 and 6 to 9.

  • 5. Connect terminal 5 to 7.

  • 6. Connect terminals 8 to10 and 9 to11.

  • 7. Connect terminals 10 to 12 and 11 to 15.

  • 8. Connect terminals 13 to 14.

  • 9. Now insert meters in the circuit for this connect terminals 3 to A1 and 4 to A2.

10.

Connect terminals 5 to V1 and 6 to V2.

11.

Now connect W1 to 7, W2 to 8 and W3 to 9.

12.

Now to connect the motor with the panel, connect the Running Winding terminals

of the motor to terminals 10 and 11 respectively.

13.

Similarly connect the Starting Winding terminals of the motor to terminals 14 and

15.

14.

Now to connect the Capacitor of the motor in the circuit, connect terminals 12 and

13 to the terminals provided at the top of the motor.

15.

Now block the shaft of the motor tightly through the arrangement given along with

the motor base such that the motor's shaft does not rotate.

Note: Do not run the motor in these conditions for more than 1 minute. It can be

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dangerous for the motor. Moreover it may damage the motor due to excessive

current flows in the windings

  • 16. If all the connections are right then switch ‘On’ the supply as well as the MCB of

panel and vary the voltage with the help of single phase autotransformer (optional)

to obtain number of readings.

(See reference table given before experiments for maximum permissible

current for different machines rating).

  • 17. Observe and record the readings of ammeter, voltmeter and wattmeter connected in

the circuit.

  • 18. Switch ‘Off’ the supply.

Graphs to be included:

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Experiment No. 5

Aim : to Study of the Running and Reversing of Three Phase Induction Motor

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Tachometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Procedure :

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Before starting experiment keep in mind that the belt of motor must be loose so

that motor can run freely.

  • 3. Make sure that the Three Phase Mains and the MCB of panel is at off position.

  • 4. Connect terminal R of Three Phase Outputs to terminal 1 and B to terminal 2.

  • 5. Connect terminal Y to directly terminal 11 of motor connection.

  • 6. Connect terminal 1 to terminal 3 and terminal 2 to terminal 12.

  • 7. Connect terminal 4 to terminal 10.

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  • 8. Connect terminals 10, 11 and 12 to terminals R, Y and B terminals of motor

respectively.

  • 9. Insert meters, for this connect terminals V1 and V2 to terminals 1 and 2

respectively and terminals A1 and A2 to terminals 3 and 4 respectively.

  • 10. Compare your connections with the connections of Figure 19. If all the

connections are proper then switch on the Three Phase Mains as well as the

MCB of panel.

  • 11. You will observe the motor suddenly starts running in a particular direction.

  • 12. Observe its direction of rotation whether it is clockwise or anticlockwise.

  • 13. Now switch off the MCB and interchange the any of the connections of

terminals (Say R and Y) on the motor.

  • 14. Switch on the MCB and you will see that the direction of rotation is reversed.

  • 15. Switch off the MCB.

  • 16. If you connect terminal R of motor to its terminal Y, terminal Y to terminal B

and terminal B to terminal R. You will observe in this case direction of

rotation does'nt change because phase reversal does'nt occur. Only the supply

terminals have been rotated.

Theory of No Load Test :

In this test, the motor is made to run without load that is no load conditions the speed

of the motor is very close to the synchronous speed but less than the synchronous

speed. The rated voltage is applied to the stator. The total input line current and total

input power is measured. Two wattmeter method is to calculate the total input power.

As the motor is on No Load the power factor is very low which is less than 0.5 and

one of the two wattmeter’s read negative. It is necessary to reverse the connections of

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the current coil or pressure coil connections of such a wattmeter to read positive

reading. This reading must be taken negative for the further calculations. The power

input ‘w’ consists of following losses; stator copper losses, stator core losses iron

losses friction and windage losses.

The no load rotor current is very small and hence the rotor copper loss is negligibly

small the rotor frequency is ‘s’ time the supply frequency and on no load it is very

small. Rotor core losses are proportional to this frequency and hence negligibly small.

Under no load I is very small and in many practical cases it is also neglected thus

‘w’consists of stator iron loss and friction and windage loss which are constant for the

entire load. Hence ‘w’ is said to give fixed losses of the motor.

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Experiment No. 6

Aim : Study of load test of a single phase induction motor.

  • 1. 200 V AC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Techo meter

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

Connection diagram:

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Procedure : 1. First of all make sure that the earthing

Procedure :

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided to the back side of panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the Supply as well as Single Phase MCB is at ‘Off’ position.

  • 3. Connect terminals 1 to 3 and 2 to 6.

  • 4. Connect terminals 4 to 5 and 6 to 9.

  • 5. Connect terminal 5 to 7.

  • 6. Connect terminals 8 to10 and 9 to11.

  • 7. Connect terminals 10 to 12 and 11 to 15.

  • 8. Connect terminal 13 to 14.

  • 9. Now insert meters in the circuit, for this connects terminals 3 to A1 and 4 to A2.

    • 10. Connect terminals 5 to V1 and 6 to V2.

    • 11. Now connect W1 to 7, W2 to 8 and W3 to 9.

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  • 12. Now to connect the motor with the panel, connect the Running Winding terminals

of the motor to terminals 10 and 11 respectively.

  • 13. Similarly connect the Starting Winding terminals of the motor to terminal 14 and 15

respectively.

  • 14. Now to connect the Capacitor of the motor in the circuit, conect terminals 12 and 13

to the terminals provided at the top of the motor.

  • 15. Now switch ‘On’ the mains supply as well as the MCB of panel and vary the

voltage with the help of single phase autotransformer (optional) to obtain number of

readings.

  • 16. You will observe that the motor starts and running.

  • 17. Make sure that the belt is loose so that the motor can run on normal speed freely.

  • 18. Now put on some load through the arrangement given along with the motor. So that

the speed of the motor reduces.

  • 19. Now if the reading of first spring balance is T1 and that of second one is T2 then the

overall torque will be T = T1 T2. Record this T in the Obeservation Table with the

corresponding speed.

  • 20. Increase the load and take no. of readings of speed (N) and torque (T).

(See reference table given before experiments for maximum permissible

current for different machines rating)

  • 21. Draw a graph between these two parameters, this graph is nothing but a speed

torque characteristic or the load characteristic of Single Phase Induction Motor.

  • 22. Switch ‘Off’ the supply ..

Graphs to be included:

Speed and Torque

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Observation table:

Sr. No. Speed (N) in RPM Torque(T)
Sr.
No.
Speed (N) in
RPM
Torque(T)

Circuit diagram

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Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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Experiment No. 7

Aim : Study of No Load and black rotor Test in a Three Phase Induction Motor

Apparatus:

  • 1. 200 V Variable DC Supply

  • 2. Voltmeter

  • 3. Ammeter

  • 4. Tachometer

  • 5. Connecting Leads

Note: Write the make and serial number of the equipments and the range of the meters

Circuit diagram:

Note: Draw a neat and clean circuit diagram with all labels

No load

Connection diagram:

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Conventional Circuit Diagram of No Load Test

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Conventional Circuit Diagram of No Load Test 68 | [Type the

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Procedure:

 

1.

First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

 

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

2.

Before starting experiment belt of motor must be loose so that motor can run

freely.

 

3.

Make sure that the Three Phase Mains is off and the MCB of panel is also at off

 

position.

 

4.

Connect terminal R of Three Phase Outputs to terminal 1 and terminal Y to

 

terminal 7.

 

5.

Connect terminal B to terminal 2.

 

6.

Connect terminal 1 to terminal 3 and terminal 2 to terminal 8.

7.

Connect terminal 4 to terminal 5.

8.

Connect terminal 6 to terminal 1, terminal 9 to terminal 12 and terminal 7 to

terminal 11.

 

9.

Connect motor to the trainer, for this connects terminals 10, 11 and 12 to

 

terminals R, Y and B on the motor respectively.

  • 10. Now insert meters in the circuit for this connect terminals V1 and V2 to

terminals 1 and 2 respectively.

  • 11. Similarly connect ammeter terminals A1 and A2 to terminals 3 and 4

respectively.

  • 12. Now connect wattmeters, for this connect terminal W1 to terminal 5, terminal

W2 to terminal 6 and terminal W3 to terminal 7.

  • 13. Similarly connect second wattmeter, for this connect terminal W4 to terminal 8,

terminal W5 to terminal 9 and terminal W6 to terminal 7.

  • 14. Compare your connections with the connections shown in Figure 20. If all

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connections are proper then switch on the Three Phase Mains as well as the

MCB of the panel.

  • 15. You will observe that the motor starts running and meters show some deflection.

  • 16. Observe the readings of voltmeter, ammeter and both wattmeters and record into

the observation table as V0 (VL), I0 (IL), WA and WB respectively.

Note: If one of the wattmeter reads negative (needle goes in opposite

direction), just reverse the connections of its current coil and read reading

as negative.

  • 17. Switch off the supply.

Graphs to be included:

Observation table:

Sr.

Voltmeter

Ammeter

Wattmeter

Wattmeter

No load

Power

No.

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

input

factor cos

v0(volt)

Io (amp)

wa(watt)

wb(watt)

power W0

Φ=

= W1 +

(WA+WB)/

W2 (watt)

√3V0I0

             
             
             

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Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Calculations :

As,

I0 = No load line current

V0 = No load rated line voltage

W0 = No load input power

CosФ0 = Power factor

IC = Active component of no load current

IM = Magnetizing component of no load current

R0 = No load branch resistance

X0 = No load branch reactance

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Hence,

CosФ0 = W0 / √3 (V0 I0)

W0 = √3 (V0 I0 CosФ0)

From the knowledge of I0 and Ф0 the parameters of the equivalent circuit can be

obtained as

IC = I0 CosФ0

IM = I0 SinФ0

R0 = V0 / IC (per phase)

X0 = V0 / IM (per phase).

Theory of block rotor test :

In this test the rotor is locked and not allowed to rotate. Thus the slip is 1. The

situation is exactly similar to the short circuit test on transformer. If under short

circuit condition the primary is excited with rated voltage a large short circuit current

can flow which is dangerous to the winding point of view so similar to the

transformer short circuit test the reduced voltage (about 10 to 5 % of full load voltage)

is just enough such that the stator carries the rated current is applied. During this test

the stator carried the rated current, hence the stator copper loss is also dominated

similarly the rotor also carried the short circuit current to produce the rotor losses the

voltage is reduced the iron loss which is proportional to voltage is small enough the

motor is at standstill hence mechanical loss that is friction and windage loss is absent.

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Block load Connection diagram:

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Block load Connection diagram: Conventional Circuit Diagram of Block Rotor Test

Conventional Circuit Diagram of Block Rotor Test

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Procedure:

1.

First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

2.

Before starting experiment belt of motor must be tight so that motor can not run

freely.

 

3.

Make sure that the Three Phase Mains is off and the MCB of panel is also at off

position.

 

4.

Connect Three Phase Supply through a three phase Variac to the trainer with

knob of Variac at zero position.

5.

Connect terminal R of Three Phase Outputs to terminal 1 and terminal Y to

terminal 7.

 

6.

Connect terminal B to terminal 2.

7.

Connect terminal 1 to terminal 3 and terminal 2 to terminal 8.

8.

Connect terminal 4 to terminal 5.

9.

Connect terminal 6 to terminal 10, terminal 9 to terminal 12 and terminal 7 to

terminal 11.

 
 

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  • 10. Connect motor to the trainer, for this connects terminals 10, 11 and 12 to

terminals R, Y and B on the motor respectively.

  • 11. Now insert meters in the circuit for this connect terminals V1 and V2 to

terminals 1 and 2 respectively.

  • 12. Similarly connect ammeter terminals A1 and A2 to terminals 3 and 4

respectively.

  • 13. Now connect wattmeter, for this connect terminal W1 to terminal 5, terminal

W2 to terminal 6 and terminal W3 to terminal 7.

  • 14. Similarly connect second wattmeter, for this connects W4 to 8, W5 to 9 and W6

to 7.

  • 15. Now block the rotor of motor by the module provided with motor.

  • 16. Compare your connections with the connections shown in Figure 22. If all

connections are proper then switch on the Three Phase Mains as well as the

MCB of the panel.

  • 17. Slowly increase the input voltage through Variac, so that motor attains its rated

current (2.1A for 1HP Motor) see reference table given before experiments

for different machines rating, this will be Isc. Record voltage (Vsc) in

voltmeter corresponding to this condition.

  • 18. Similarly record the readings of wattmeters WA and WB.

Note: If one of the wattmeter reads negative (needle goes in opposite

direction), just reverse the connections of its current coil and read reading

as negative.

  • 19. Switch off the supply.

  • 20. Observation Table :

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Sr.

Voltmeter

Ammeter

Wattmeter

Wattmeter

Short

Power

No.

Reading

Reading

Reading

Reading

circuit

Factor

VSC (volt)

ISC (amp)

WA(watt)

WB (watt)

input

cosΦ =

power

(WA+WB)

WSC =

/√3VscIsc

WA+W

B

             
             
             

Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Calculations :

As,

ISC = Short circuit current per phase

VSC = Short circuit voltage per phase

WSC = Short circuit input power per phase

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CosФSC = Short circuit Power factor

R1E = Equivalent resistance referred to stator

X1E = Equivalent reactance referred to stator

Z1E = Equivalent impedance referred to stator

Hence,

WSC = √3 (VSC ISC CosФSC) (Per phase)

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED CosФ SC = Short circuit Power factor R 1E = Equivalent

CosФSC = WSC / √3 (VSCISC)

R1E = WSC / 3 (ISC)2 (Per phase)

Z1E = VSC / ISC (Per phase)

(Per phase)

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

Short circuit Connection diagram:

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Procedure:

  • 1. First of all make sure that the earthing of your laboratory is proper and it is

connected to the terminal provided on back side of the panel.

  • 2. Make sure that the knob of the variable DC supply is at zero position.

  • 3. First connect the fixed and variable DC supply to the terminal provided at the

control panel.

  • 4. Now connect positive and negative of variable DC supply to the field

terminals (F and FF) of DC Shunt Motor provided at the control panel.

  • 5. Connect terminal FF to terminal AA of DC Shunt Motor provided at the

control panel.

  • 6. Now insert meters in the circuit for this connect A1 to F and A2 to A.

  • 7. Similarly insert Voltmeter for the connection of A to V1 and AA to V2.

  • 8. Now connect DC Motor in the circuit, connect A to A and AA to AA.

Similarly Connect F to F and FF to FF.

9.Thus the connections have been completed on prime-mover end.

  • 10. Now connect the positive terminal of the Fixed DC supply terminal to terminal

R1 and Negative terminal to terminal R2 of the Rheostat1.

  • 11. Now insert the rheostat on control panel for the connection of R1, R2 and R3.

  • 12. Connect terminal R3 of Rheostat1 to terminal A3.

  • 13. Connect terminal A4 to terminal F of synchronous generator.

  • 14. Connect FF terminal of synchronous generator to terminal R2.

  • 15. Connect terminal F and FF from the circuit to the Synchronous Generator

Field terminal F and FF respectively.

  • 16. Now connect terminal R, Y and B placed at the terminal box of synchronous

Generator to the terminal A5, Y and B provided at the control panel.

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17.

Connect R terminal of panel to the ammeter terminal A6.

 

18.

Connect panel terminals R to Y, Y to B and B to R respectively.

19.

Before switch ON the DC Supply Check the Value of rheostat which should

 

be at maximum position.

20.

Switch ON the DC variable supply so that the motor runs. Set the DC Motor at

 
 

constant speed

21.

Now switch the fixed DC supply and vary the rheostat connected externally to

 

the circuit

 

22.

Take readings of field current and correspondingly measure short circuit

 

Current of the synchronous generator in the observation table.

23.

Plot a graph between field current and short circuit current of the synchronous

generator.

 

24.

Switch OFF the fixed and variable DC supply.

 

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Circuit diagram

Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Circuit diagram Observation table: Sr. Short Circuit Field Speed in No.

Observation table:

 

Sr.

Short Circuit

Field

Speed in

 

No.

Current in

Current

RPM

Amperes

in

Amperes

       
       
 

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Electromagnetic energy conversion lab EED Note: The open-circuit voltages per phase are obtained by dividing the

Note: The open-circuit voltages per phase are obtained by dividing the voltmeter

readings by root three. Now the curve is drawn between open circuit voltage per

phase and field current

circuit diagram

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Co-students name:

Write the name of the co-students in your group

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Sample calculation:

Show a sample calculation

Precautions:

While performing the experiment makes sure that the motor should not run without load, since, t can damage the motor as heavy current flows through the motor windings.

Conclusion:

Write appropriate conclusion on your experiment. Comments properly what you have observed from the graphs.

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