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Advanced Cartography in ArcGIS

Robert Jensen Edith M. Punt

UC 2007 Tech Sessions

Cartographic Effects: What do they do?

You want your maps to look better But, what makes a better map? A good map makes it easy for a reader to acquire your intended information by: depicting data effectively reflecting the relative importance of features reducing distraction This presentation will show you some techniques to achieve these goals on your maps

Cartographic Effects Introducing representations

A new way to symbolize features

Symbolizing natural features

Making nature look natural

Symbolizing cultural features

Emphasizing the relevant information

Introducing Representations Representations are: A solution to some common cartographic challenges that required workarounds in the past An intelligent way to symbolize features A storage model that stores symbol information in the geodatabase for re-use and sharing

FedUC 2007: Using Cartographic Representations in ArcGIS 9.2

Introducing Representations Representations are: properties of a feature class stored in the geodatabase managed through a layer Representations are NOT: a new data type a new layer type

FedUC 2007: Using Cartographic Representations in ArcGIS 9.2

Introducing Representations: Symbolizing data with representations Representations are a collection of representation rules, which can createthen symbolizedynamic geometry independently of spatial geometry using geometric effects Geometric effects: Can convert from one geometry type to another Can work sequentially; the result of one effect becomes the input to the next in a chain Can be extensible: write your own
FedUC 2007: Using Cartographic Representations in ArcGIS 9.2 6

Introducing Representations: Using symbol overrides Overrides are exceptions to the rules Property overrides
Change the settings of the symbol layer properties

Geometry overrides
Change the shape or position of the symbolized feature independently of the features geometry

FedUC 2007: Using Cartographic Representations in ArcGIS 9.2

Symbolizing Natural Features

Symbolizing Natural Features

Should be realistic and organic Should not overpower cultural or thematic information Should be continuous, even if modeled discretely

Effects to enhance natural features:

Depict vegetation three-dimensionally rather than flat Reflect sunlight off lakes Fade ocean color to minimize distraction Allow water to flow freely across feature types Indicate stream source and show meandering flow

Symbolizing Natural Features: Bump vegetation mapping

Requirement: Show vegetative land cover realistically Solution: Use bump mapping technique


Symbolizing Natural Features: Sun glints

Requirement: Show water bodies realistically Solution: Use linear gradient fills to mimic sun glints


Symbolizing Natural Features: Coastal vignettes

Requirement: Highlight coastal boundaries without overwhelming map Solution: Use gradient pattern method for a fill layer


Symbolizing Natural Features: Suppress shorelines

Requirement: Symbolize the land water interface continuously Solution: Use representations to suppress shoreline


Symbolizing Natural Features: Stream source and meandering flow

Requirement: Depict organic and hierarchical streams Solution: Use geometric effects to taper and add bends


Symbolizing Cultural Features


Symbolizing Cultural Features

Many cultural features are often not tangibly visible on the landscape (place names, boundaries) Many cultural features need to take up much more room than they do on the ground (point features) Many cultural features are vertically coincident (overpasses)

Effects to enhance cultural features:

Draw coincident administrative boundaries neatly Easily create marker symbols to suit specific maps Mask obscured roadways and water ways under overpasses using geoprocessing


Symbolizing Cultural Features: Administrative boundaries

Requirement: Symbolize converging and coincident administrative boundaries Solution: Use control points to synchronize line phasing


Symbolizing Cultural Features Creating custom markers

Requirement: Symbolize points of interest uniquely Solution: Create custom marker symbols in the Representation Marker Editor


Symbolizing Cultural Features Vertical coincidence

Requirement: Symbolize vertical coincidence without altering the connectivity of associated data Solution: Create overpasses and underpasses using geoprocessing tools and variable level masking


Cartographic Effects: A summary

The effects shown here should be modified to your specific mapping purposes Ensure that there is a valid reason to use a special effect
Poorly executed effects can clutter a map and reduce its credibility

A good map makes it easy for a reader to acquire your intended information by: depicting data effectively reflecting the relative importance of features reducing distraction


Cartographic Effects: A preview of representations in ArcGIS9.3

Enhanced usability larger selection handles more toolbar shortcuts dialogs convert units of measurement WYSIWYG editing for vectors New geoprocessing tools Disperse Markers tool Add Control Points by Location tool

UC 2007 Tech Sessions


ESRI Cartography Resources: At the User Conference

The Map Gallery See the cartographic work of your colleagues on display Tue & Wed 8am-6pm, Thurs 8am-1:30pm (Sails Pavilion and Ballroom 20) The Map Critique Station Get your map critiqued by ESRI cartographers (Map, Chart & Data Production and Spatial Data Infrastructure Showcase) Cartography Special Interest Group Meeting Meet other cartographers and influence the direction of cartography at ESRI Thurs 11:45-1:15 (Room 23B)

ESRI Cartography Resources: Technical workshops at the User Conference

Mapping the Results of Your Geographic Analysis Wed 10:15 room 6E, Thu 3:15 room 6E Advanced Annotation Tips and Tricks Thu 8:30 room 6E ArcGIS Spatial Analyst - An Introduction Wed 1:30 room 1A/B Map Compilation and Page Layout Tips and Tricks Wed 1:30 room 6E Authoring and Publishing Map Services Thu 8:30 room 6F, Fri 8:30 room 6F


ESRI Resources: ESRI Mapping Center


ESRI Resources: Cartography Discussion Forum



ESRI Resources: Cartography Instruction

Instructor-led classroom training
Cartography with ArcGIS Managing Cartographic Data in the Geodatabase (entirely dedicated to representations)

Self-study: Virtual Campus

Cartographic Design using ArcGIS 9 The 15-Minute Map: Creating a Basic Map in ArcMap Making Better Map Layouts with ArcGIS Introduction to Map Production System Atlas Creating and Editing Labels and Annotation

ESRI Cartography Resources: Summary ESRI Mapping Center Cartography Forums Training
These slides will be on the Conference Proceedings CD that will be mailed to all attendees in about 3 weeks A DVD containing the audio and video recording of this session (including the demos) is for sale at the Sound of Knowledge booths in the Grand Lobby and outside room 6A