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Descomposicion del peroxido de hidrogeno

Temperatura (K)

304

Volumen Sln inicial


Pvap (Pa)
mol inicial H2O2

Volumen de O2 leido

0.006
4492.2
2.64E-03

Tiempo (t)
1.5
1.7
2
2.2
2.5
2.7
3
3.2
3.5
3.7
4
4.2
4.5
4.7
5
5.2
5.5
5.7
6
6.2
6.5
6.7
7
7.2
7.5
7.7
8
8.2
8.5
8.7

Volumen O2 (ml)
0
1.15
1.47
2.11
2.45
3.11
3.46
4.1
4.46
5.13
5.51
6.2
7
7.3
8.1
8.42
9.25
9.56
10.43
11.16
12.05
12.51
13.41
14.19
15.12
15.53
16.49
17.3
18.26
19.09

0
0.2
0.5
0.7
1
1.2
1.5
1.7
2
2.2
2.5
2.7
3
3.2
3.5
3.7
4
4.2
4.5
4.7
5
5.2
5.5
5.7
6
6.2
6.5
6.7
7
7.2

9
9.2

20.07
20.51

7.5
7.7

MTODO DIFERENCI

Ln (-dCa/dt) = Ln (Ca)

Se graficara Ca vs t, para luego ajustarla a una ecuacion cuadratica y derivarla. Con la inform
para obtener mediante la pendiente y la interseccion el orden de reaccin y la constante de

CA VS t
0.5

Series1
Linear (Series1)
y = 9E-05x2 - 0.0066x + 0.4438
Poly. (Series1)
R = 0.9994

Ca (mol/L)

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

10

20
t (min)

30

0.0051972
0.0050766
0.0050082
0.004884
0.00474
0.004686
0.004542
0.0044844

0.004335
0.0042792
0.0041226
0.0039912
0.003831
0.0037482
0.0035862
0.0034458
0.0032784
0.0032046
0.0030318
0.002886
0.0027132
0.0025638
0.0023874
0.0023082

MTODO INTEGR

En este metodo se graficaran las expresiones obtenidas en la suposicion


una. Quien tenga mayor linealidad entonces sera la orden de la reacci
obtenidos de la grafica.

ORDEN CERO
Ca=Ca,0 - Kt
CA VS t

Axis Title

CA VS t
y = -0.0047x + 0.4372
R = 0.9907

0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0

Series1
Linear (Series1)
Linear (Series1)

10

15

20

25

Axis Title

ORDEN 2
1/Ca - 1/Ca,o = Kt
1/Ca - 1/Ca,o
0
0.012872532

0.7
0.6
0.5
Axis Title

0.032467603
0.04572581
0.065912389
0.079573844
0.10037909
0.114462449
0.135915208
0.150440297
0.172571237
0.187559144
0.2104009
0.225874076
0.249461413
0.265443785
0.289813771
0.306330866
0.331523068
0.34860215
0.374658848
0.392329063
0.419295487
0.437588035
0.465512624
0.484460939
0.513395636
0.533035589
0.56303616
0.583406289
0.61453268
0.63567444

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

comparacion
La que presenta mayor linealidad es la de orden dos. Asi pues:
Orden
K/1/min)

2
0.007

PREIN

hidrogeno

PO 2 Patm h Pvap
Altura (cm)

Presion O2 (Pa)
48.5
48.3
48
47.8
47.5
47.3
47
46.8
46.5
46.3
46
45.8
45.5
45.3
45
44.8
44.5
44.3
44
43.8
43.5
43.3
43
42.8
42.5
42.3
42
41.8
41.5
41.3

02

PO 2V O
RT amb

Moles de O2
92074.95
92094.57
92124
92143.62
92173.05
92192.67
92222.1
92241.72
92271.15
92290.77
92320.2
92339.82
92369.25
92388.87
92418.3
92437.92
92467.35
92486.97
92516.4
92536.02
92565.45
92585.07
92614.5
92634.12
92663.55
92683.17
92712.6
92732.22
92761.65
92781.27

0
7.43426E-06
1.85916E-05
2.60338E-05
3.7203E-05
4.46531E-05
5.58342E-05
6.32922E-05
7.44851E-05
8.19511E-05
9.31559E-05
0.00010063
0.000111846
0.000119328
0.000130557
0.000138047
0.000149287
0.000156785
0.000168037
0.000175543
0.000186807
0.00019432
0.000205596
0.000213118
0.000224406
0.000231935
0.000243235
0.000250772
0.000262084
0.000269629

Moles H2O2
0
1.48685E-05
3.71832E-05
5.20675E-05
7.4406E-05
8.93061E-05
0.000111668
0.000126584
0.00014897
0.000163902
0.000186312
0.00020126
0.000223693
0.000238657
0.000261114
0.000276093
0.000298574
0.000313569
0.000336074
0.000351085
0.000373614
0.00038864
0.000411193
0.000426235
0.000448811
0.00046387
0.00048647
0.000501544
0.000524168
0.000539258

41
40.8

92810.7
92830.32

0.000280953
0.000288506

0.000561905
0.000577011

DO DIFERENCIAL

dt) = Ln (Ca) - Ln K

adratica y derivarla. Con la informacion obtenida se graficara Ln(-dCa/dt) vs Ln(Ca)


den de reaccin y la constante de velocidad respectivamente

0.006
0.005793
0.0057354
0.0056202
0.005559
0.0054402
0.0053772
0.005262
0.0051972
0.0050766
0.0050082
0.004884
0.00474
0.004686
0.004542
0.0044844

ln(-dCA/dt)
-5.11599581
-5.151104987
-5.161097784
-5.181388029
-5.192337043
-5.213939454
-5.225587486
-5.247244096
-5.25963526
-5.283113533
-5.29667871
-5.321790723
-5.351718143
-5.363175939
-5.394387835
-5.407150572

ln(CA)
-0.820980552
-0.826628487
-0.835165217
-0.840900189
-0.849569419
-0.855394048
-0.864199799
-0.870116826
-0.879063303
-0.885075597
-0.894167205
-0.900277773
-0.909519125
-0.915731115
-0.925127051
-0.931443766

LN(
-1.5

Ln (-dCa/dt)

(-dCA/dt)|t

0.004335
0.0042792
0.0041226
0.0039912
0.003831
0.0037482
0.0035862
0.0034458
0.0032784
0.0032046
0.0030318
0.002886
0.0027132
0.0025638
0.0023874
0.0023082

-5.441033669
-5.453989203
-5.491271247
-5.523663341
-5.564629413
-5.586479554
-5.630662133
-5.670599181
-5.72039978
-5.743168001
-5.798598776
-5.847883819
-5.909626529
-5.966264746
-6.037550371
-6.071287279

-0.940999361
-0.94742427
-0.957144857
-0.963681602
-0.973572784
-0.980225197
-0.990292866
-0.997064978
-1.007315341
-1.014211396
-1.024650991
-1.031675467
-1.042311189
-1.049468809
-1.060307939
-1.067603691

DO INTEGRAL

ones obtenidas en la suposicion de cada orden, y se comparara la linealidad de cada


nces sera la orden de la reaccin y se calculara la constante de velocidad con los datos

Ca,o

0.44

ORDEN UNO
Ln(Ca,o / Ca) = Kt
Ln(ca0/ca)

Orden 2

0.3
0.25
Axis Title

0
0.005647935
0.014184665
0.019919636
0.028588867
0.034413496
0.043219246
0.049136273
0.058082751
0.064095045
0.073186653
0.079297221
0.088538573
0.094750563
0.104146499
0.110463213
0.120018809
0.126443718
0.136164305
0.14270105
0.152592232
0.159244645
0.169312314
0.176084426
0.186334789
0.193230844
0.203670439
0.210694915
0.221330637
0.228488257
0.239327387
0.246623139

0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
0

10
Axis Title

y = 0.0316x - 0.0097

Orden 2

y = 0.0316x - 0.0097
R = 0.9987

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4

Series1

0.3

Linear (Series1)
0.2
0.1
0
0

rden dos. Asi pues:

10

15
Axis Title

20

25

PREINFORME PRACTICA 5

CH O
2 2

H O , inici
H O , rxn
2 2
2 2
V s ln

Conc. H2O2
0.44
0.437521913
0.433802804
0.431322077
0.427599008
0.425115642
0.421388614
0.418902608
0.41517162
0.412682974
0.408948027
0.406456742
0.402717834
0.40022391
0.396481043
0.393984478
0.390237652
0.387738448
0.383987662
0.381485818
0.377731073
0.37522659
0.371467885
0.368960762
0.365198097
0.362688334
0.35892171
0.356409308
0.352638725
0.350123682

96567.15
96586.77
7.79689E-06
1.55938E-05
0.437401037

2.7
2.8
3
3.1
3.2
3.4
3.5
3.7
3.8
4
4.3
4.5
4.75
5
5.3
5.5
5.7
6
6.2
6.5
6.7
7
7.2
7.5
7.7
8
8.2
8.5
8.7
9

6.31
7.02
7.3
8
8.3
9.3
9.37
10.07
10.38
11.43
12.3
13.37
14.3
15.38
16.3
17.23
18.33
19.26
20.4
21.35
22.5
23.5
25.1
26.09
27.3
28.35
29.58
30.56
32.21

0.346349139
0.343831458

9.2
9.5
9.7
10
10.2
10.5
10.5

33.22
34.46
35.51
37.2
38.27
39.59

y = 3.7087x - 2.0032
R = 0.9666

LN(-DCA/DT) VS LN(CA)
-0.5

0
-5.2
-5.4
-5.6
-5.8
-6

Ln (Ca)

-6.2

Series1

concentracin H2O2

-5
-1

0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
0

Orden Rxn
Ln K
K(1/min)

3.708
-2.003
0.134929886

En este metodo se grafic


obtenidos de la grafica.

orden 1
y = 0.0122x + 0.0016
R = 0.9957
Series2
Linear (Series2)
10

15

Axis Title

20

25

ACTICA 5
Temperatura (K)

298

Volumen H2O2 inicial


Pvap(Pa)
mol inicial H2O2

Tiempo (t)

0.006
4492.2
2.64E-03

Volumen (ml)
0
0.27
0.98
1.26
1.96
2.26
3.26
3.33
4.03
4.34
5.39
6.26
7.33
8.26
9.34
10.26
11.19
12.29
13.22
14.36
15.31
16.46
17.46
19.06
20.05
21.26
22.31
23.54
24.52
26.17

uyuyuiyiu hjjjjjjjj

0
0.2
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.8
0.9
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.7
1.9
2.15
2.4
2.7
2.9
3.1
3.4
3.6
3.9
4.1
4.4
4.6
4.9
5.1
5.4
5.6
5.9
6.1
6.4

Altura (cm) Presion O2 (Pa) Moles de O2


Moles H2O2
47.3
92192.67
0
0
47.2
92202.48
7.44297E-06
1.48859E-05
47
92222.1
1.48891E-05
2.97782E-05
46.9
92231.91
1.86134E-05
3.72267E-05
46.8
92241.72
2.23384E-05
4.46768E-05
46.6
92261.34
2.97909E-05
5.95818E-05
46.5
92271.15
3.35183E-05
6.70366E-05
46.3
92290.77
4.09755E-05
8.19511E-05
46.2
92300.58
4.47053E-05
8.94107E-05
46
92320.2
5.21673E-05 0.000104335
45.7
92349.63
6.33662E-05 0.000126732
45.5
92369.25
7.08361E-05 0.000141672
45.25
92393.775
8.01779E-05 0.000160356
45
92418.3
8.95247E-05 0.000179049
44.7
92447.73
0.000100747 0.000201495
44.5
92467.35
0.000108233 0.000216466
44.3
92486.97
0.000115722 0.000231444
44
92516.4
0.000126961 0.000253923
43.8
92536.02
0.000134458 0.000268916
43.5
92565.45
0.000145709 0.000291419
43.3
92585.07
0.000153214 0.000306428
43
92614.5
0.000164477 0.000328954
42.8
92634.12
0.00017199 0.000343979
42.5
92663.55
0.000183265 0.000366529
42.3
92683.17
0.000190785
0.00038157
42
92712.6
0.000202072 0.000404144
41.8
92732.22
0.000209601 0.000419201
41.5
92761.65
0.000220899 0.000441798
41.3
92781.27
0.000228436 0.000456871
41
92810.7
0.000239746 0.000479492

27.18
28.42
29.47
31.16
32.23
33.55

6.6
6.9
7.1
7.4
7.6
7.9

40.8
40.5
40.3
40
39.8
39.5

92830.32
92859.75
92879.37
92908.8
92928.42
92957.85

0.000247291
0.000258613
0.000266165
0.0002775
0.00028506
0.000296406

0.000494581
0.000517226
0.00053233
0.000554999
0.000570119
0.000592812

MTODO DIFERENCIAL
Ln (-dCa/dt) = Ln (Ca) - Ln K

Se graficara Ca vs t, para luego ajustarla a una ecuacion cuadratica y derivarla. Con la informacion obtenida se graficara
para obtener mediante la pendiente y la interseccion el orden de reaccin y la constante de velocidad respectivamente

Ca vs t
(-dCA/dt)|t
y = 2E-05x2 - 0.0035x + 0.4385

Series1
Linear (Series1)
Poly. (Series1)

10

20
Tiempo

30

40

0.003
0.0029892
0.0029608
0.0029496
0.0029216
0.0029096
0.0028696
0.0028668
0.0028388
0.0028264
0.0027844
0.0027496
0.0027068
0.0026696

ln(-dCA/dt)
-5.80914299
-5.812749486
-5.822295777
-5.826085711
-5.835623868
-5.839739664
-5.853582632
-5.854558854
-5.864373851
-5.868751462
-5.883722869
-5.896299832
-5.911988154
-5.925826631

0.0026264
0.0025896
0.0025524
0.0025084
0.0024712
0.0024256
0.0023876
0.0023416
0.0023016
0.0022376
0.002198
0.0021496
0.0021076
0.0020584
0.0020192
0.0019532
0.0019128
0.0018632
0.0018212
0.0017536
0.0017108
0.001658

-5.942141192
-5.956251855
-5.970721186
-5.988110179
-6.003051416
-6.021676363
-6.037466602
-6.056920823
-6.074150746
-6.102351416
-6.120207423
-6.142473501
-6.16220542
-6.185826297
-6.205053886
-6.238286226
-6.259187142
-6.285459839
-6.308259655
-6.346084461
-6.370794182
-6.402143222

MTODO INTEGRAL

En este metodo se graficaran las expresiones obtenidas en la suposicion de cada orden, y se comparara la linea
una. Quien tenga mayor linealidad entonces sera la orden de la reaccin y se calculara la constante de velocidad co
obtenidos de la grafica.

Conc. H2O2
0.44
0.43751901
0.435036964
0.433795545
0.432553862
0.430069704
0.428827229
0.426341487
0.42509822
0.422610895
0.418877927
0.416387962
0.41327402
0.410158429
0.406417542
0.403922298
0.401425997
0.397679567
0.395180627
0.391430237
0.388928657
0.385174308
0.382670088
0.378911779
0.37640492
0.372642652
0.370133153
0.366366925
0.363854786
0.360084599

0.357569821
0.353795674
0.351278256
0.347500149
0.344980092
0.341198026

macion obtenida se graficara Ln(-dCa/dt) vs Ln(Ca)


idad respectivamente

ln(-dCA/dt) vs ln(Ca)

y = 2.2941x
R = 0.9891

-5.7
-1.2

-1

-0.8

-0.6

-0.4

-0.2 -5.8 0
-5.9

ln(-dCA/dt)

ln(CA)
-0.820980552
-0.826635123
-0.832324278
-0.835181951
-0.838048425
-0.843807982
-0.846701171
-0.852514641
-0.85543503
-0.861303394
-0.870175746
-0.876137853
-0.883644418
-0.891211781

-6
-6.1

Series1

-6.2

Linear (Series1)

-6.3
-6.4
lnCa

-6.5

-0.900374219
-0.906532752
-0.912732078
-0.922108706
-0.928412335
-0.937947974
-0.944359353
-0.9540593
-0.960582049
-0.970451873
-0.9770898
-0.987135357
-0.993892465
-1.004119921
-1.011000429
-1.021416278
-1.028424633
-1.039035725
-1.046176618
-1.056990184
-1.064268569
-1.07529225

en, y se comparara la linealidad de cada


constante de velocidad con los datos

Orden Rxn
Ln K
K(1/min)

2.297
-3.889
0.0204658

y = 2.2941x - 3.8932
R = 0.9891

Series1
Linear (Series1)