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POSITION PAPER Committee: Humanitarian. Topic: Elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.

Country: Republic of Cameroon.

The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. There has been a slow movement toward democratic reform and we acknowledge that there have been accusations by human rights organisations against police and military forces of mistreating and even torturing criminal suspects, ethnic minorities, homosexuals, and political activists. However, since the early 2000s, an increasing number of police and gendarmes have been prosecuted for improper conduct.

Aware of the countrys problems, the Republic of Cameroon is working hard in promoting and protecting human and peoples rights through the National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms, having an inclusive policy. This results absolutely necessary as for the The Republic of Cameroon diversity of folk and linguistic groups living in the country.

provides refuge and welcomes a large population of refugees and asylum seekers. It also has a high level of religious freedom and diversity and each of Cameroon's ethnic groups has its own unique cultural forms and they celebrate typical holidays. In addition, the government recognises the authority of traditional chiefs, fons, and lamibe to govern at the local level and to resolve disputes as long as such rulings do not conflict with national law.

The Republic of Cameroon is an active participant in the United Nations, where its voting record demonstrates its commitment to international causes. Apart from the United Nations, Cameroon is very active in other multilateral organizations or global institutions such as the Francophonie, the Commonwealth, the Organization of Islamic Conference, and the African Union. It is also an active member of The African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (ACHPR) and took part on the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, which it signed and ratified. In an interview, H.E. Minister Ama Tutu Muna (Minister Of Culture for the Republic Of Cameroon),referring to a question on how Cameroonians are able to live harmoniously despite the fact that the country has so many tribal groups with so many languages and various religions, said It is taking everyone into account... At first glance it may look strange, but when you know that our country accepts everyone, this it is a great step. Estimates identify anywhere from 230 to 282 different folks and linguistic groups in Cameroon. Nigerians, make up the largest group of foreign nationals. In 2007, Cameroon hosted a total population of refugees and asylum seekers of approximately 97,400. Of these, 49,300 were from the Central African Republic (many driven west by war), 41,600 from Chad, and 2,900 from Nigeria. Regarding religions, 40% of the population are Christians, 40% are Indigenous, and the remaining 20% are Islamic. For the elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance the Republic of Cameroon recommends:

a) To give priority to education as a principal means of preventing and eradicating racism


and racial discrimination and of creating awareness of the principles of human rights, particularly among young people, and to the training of law enforcement personnel, inter alia through the promotion of tolerance and respect for cultural diversity.

b) To those States that have not yet done so, to consider ratifying or acceding to the
relevant international instruments, particularly the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and for the States that have done so, to implement them.

c) To participate and submit the regular reports asked by the Committee on the Elimination
of Racial Discrimination.

d) To adopt immediately positive measures aimed at the elimination of all forms of racial
discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.

Delegate: Orlando Snchez, Universidad De La Salle Bajo Campus Amricas. E-mail: osy33538@udelasalle.edu.mx Phone number: 442.52.63