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INTRODUCTORY STATISTICS, 6/E

Neil A. Weiss

STATISTICAL TABLES

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Random Numbers

II

Areas under the standard normal curve

III

Normal scores

IV

Values of t

Values of W

VI

Values of M

VII

Values of 2

VIII

Values of F

IX

Critical values for a correlation test


for normality

Values of q0.01

XI

Values of q0.05

TABLE I
Random numbers

Line
number

Column number
0009

1019

2029

3039

4049

00
01
02
03
04

15544
01011
47435
91312
12775

80712
21285
53308
75137
08768

97742
04729
40718
86274
80791

21500
39986
29050
59834
16298

97081
73150
74858
69844
22934

42451
31548
64517
19853
09630

50623
30168
93573
06917
98862

56071
76189
51058
17413
39746

28882
56996
68501
44474
64623

28739
19210
42723
86530
32768

05
06
07
08
09

31466
09300
73582
11092
93322

43761
43847
13810
81392
98567

94872
40881
57784
58189
00116

92230
51243
72454
22697
35605

52367
97810
68997
41063
66790

13205
18903
72229
09451
52965

38634
53914
30340
09789
62877

55882
31688
08844
00637
21740

77518
06220
53924
06450
56476

36252
40422
89630
85990
49296

10
11
12
13
14

80134
97888
92612
72744
96256

12484
31797
27082
45586
70653

67089
95037
59459
43279
45285

08674
84400
69380
44218
26293

70753
76041
98654
83638
78305

90959
96668
20407
05422
80252

45842
75920
88151
00995
03625

59844
68482
56263
70217
40159

45214
56855
27126
78925
68760

36505
97417
63797
39097
84716

15
16
17
18
19

07851
25594
65358
09402
97424

47452
41552
15155
31008
90765

66742
96475
59374
53424
01634

83331
56151
80940
21928
37328

54701
02089
03411
02198
41243

06573
33748
94656
61201
33564

98169
65289
69440
02457
17884

37499
89956
47156
87214
94747

67756
89559
77115
59750
93650

68301
33687
99463
51330
77668

TABLE II
Areas under the
standard normal curve

Second decimal place in z


0.09

0.08

0.07

0.06

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.00

z
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002

0.0001
0.0001
0.0002
0.0002

0.0000
0.0001
0.0001
0.0002
0.0002

0.0002
0.0003
0.0005
0.0007
0.0010

0.0003
0.0004
0.0005
0.0007
0.0010

0.0003
0.0004
0.0005
0.0008
0.0011

0.0003
0.0004
0.0006
0.0008
0.0011

0.0003
0.0004
0.0006
0.0008
0.0011

0.0003
0.0004
0.0006
0.0008
0.0012

0.0003
0.0004
0.0006
0.0009
0.0012

0.0003
0.0005
0.0006
0.0009
0.0013

0.0003
0.0005
0.0007
0.0009
0.0013

0.0003
0.0005
0.0007
0.0010
0.0013

3.4
3.3
3.2
3.1
3.0

0.0014
0.0019
0.0026
0.0036
0.0048

0.0014
0.0020
0.0027
0.0037
0.0049

0.0015
0.0021
0.0028
0.0038
0.0051

0.0015
0.0021
0.0029
0.0039
0.0052

0.0016
0.0022
0.0030
0.0040
0.0054

0.0016
0.0023
0.0031
0.0041
0.0055

0.0017
0.0023
0.0032
0.0043
0.0057

0.0018
0.0024
0.0033
0.0044
0.0059

0.0018
0.0025
0.0034
0.0045
0.0060

0.0019
0.0026
0.0035
0.0047
0.0062

2.9
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.5

0.0064
0.0084
0.0110
0.0143
0.0183

0.0066
0.0087
0.0113
0.0146
0.0188

0.0068
0.0089
0.0116
0.0150
0.0192

0.0069
0.0091
0.0119
0.0154
0.0197

0.0071
0.0094
0.0122
0.0158
0.0202

0.0073
0.0096
0.0125
0.0162
0.0207

0.0075
0.0099
0.0129
0.0166
0.0212

0.0078
0.0102
0.0132
0.0170
0.0217

0.0080
0.0104
0.0136
0.0174
0.0222

0.0082
0.0107
0.0139
0.0179
0.0228

2.4
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.0

0.0233
0.0294
0.0367
0.0455
0.0559

0.0239
0.0301
0.0375
0.0465
0.0571

0.0244
0.0307
0.0384
0.0475
0.0582

0.0250
0.0314
0.0392
0.0485
0.0594

0.0256
0.0322
0.0401
0.0495
0.0606

0.0262
0.0329
0.0409
0.0505
0.0618

0.0268
0.0336
0.0418
0.0516
0.0630

0.0274
0.0344
0.0427
0.0526
0.0643

0.0281
0.0351
0.0436
0.0537
0.0655

0.0287
0.0359
0.0446
0.0548
0.0668

1.9
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5

0.0681
0.0823
0.0985
0.1170
0.1379

0.0694
0.0838
0.1003
0.1190
0.1401

0.0708
0.0853
0.1020
0.1210
0.1423

0.0721
0.0869
0.1038
0.1230
0.1446

0.0735
0.0885
0.1056
0.1251
0.1469

0.0749
0.0901
0.1075
0.1271
0.1492

0.0764
0.0918
0.1093
0.1292
0.1515

0.0778
0.0934
0.1112
0.1314
0.1539

0.0793
0.0951
0.1131
0.1335
0.1562

0.0808
0.0968
0.1151
0.1357
0.1587

1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.0

0.1611
0.1867
0.2148
0.2451
0.2776

0.1635
0.1894
0.2177
0.2483
0.2810

0.1660
0.1922
0.2206
0.2514
0.2843

0.1685
0.1949
0.2236
0.2546
0.2877

0.1711
0.1977
0.2266
0.2578
0.2912

0.1736
0.2005
0.2296
0.2611
0.2946

0.1762
0.2033
0.2327
0.2643
0.2981

0.1788
0.2061
0.2358
0.2676
0.3015

0.1814
0.2090
0.2389
0.2709
0.3050

0.1841
0.2119
0.2420
0.2743
0.3085

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5

0.3121
0.3483
0.3859
0.4247
0.4641

0.3156
0.3520
0.3897
0.4286
0.4681

0.3192
0.3557
0.3936
0.4325
0.4721

0.3228
0.3594
0.3974
0.4364
0.4761

0.3264
0.3632
0.4013
0.4404
0.4801

0.3300
0.3669
0.4052
0.4443
0.4840

0.3336
0.3707
0.4090
0.4483
0.4880

0.3372
0.3745
0.4129
0.4522
0.4920

0.3409
0.3783
0.4168
0.4562
0.4960

0.3446
0.3821
0.4207
0.4602
0.5000

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0

For z 3.90, the areas are 0.0000 to four decimal places.

TABLE II (cont.)
Areas under the
standard normal curve

Second decimal place in z

0.00

0.01

0.02

0.03

0.04

0.05

0.06

0.07

0.08

0.09

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4

0.5000
0.5398
0.5793
0.6179
0.6554

0.5040
0.5438
0.5832
0.6217
0.6591

0.5080
0.5478
0.5871
0.6255
0.6628

0.5120
0.5517
0.5910
0.6293
0.6664

0.5160
0.5557
0.5948
0.6331
0.6700

0.5199
0.5596
0.5987
0.6368
0.6736

0.5239
0.5636
0.6026
0.6406
0.6772

0.5279
0.5675
0.6064
0.6443
0.6808

0.5319
0.5714
0.6103
0.6480
0.6844

0.5359
0.5753
0.6141
0.6517
0.6879

0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9

0.6915
0.7257
0.7580
0.7881
0.8159

0.6950
0.7291
0.7611
0.7910
0.8186

0.6985
0.7324
0.7642
0.7939
0.8212

0.7019
0.7357
0.7673
0.7967
0.8238

0.7054
0.7389
0.7704
0.7995
0.8264

0.7088
0.7422
0.7734
0.8023
0.8289

0.7123
0.7454
0.7764
0.8051
0.8315

0.7157
0.7486
0.7794
0.8078
0.8340

0.7190
0.7517
0.7823
0.8106
0.8365

0.7224
0.7549
0.7852
0.8133
0.8389

1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

0.8413
0.8643
0.8849
0.9032
0.9192

0.8438
0.8665
0.8869
0.9049
0.9207

0.8461
0.8686
0.8888
0.9066
0.9222

0.8485
0.8708
0.8907
0.9082
0.9236

0.8508
0.8729
0.8925
0.9099
0.9251

0.8531
0.8749
0.8944
0.9115
0.9265

0.8554
0.8770
0.8962
0.9131
0.9279

0.8577
0.8790
0.8980
0.9147
0.9292

0.8599
0.8810
0.8997
0.9162
0.9306

0.8621
0.8830
0.9015
0.9177
0.9319

1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9

0.9332
0.9452
0.9554
0.9641
0.9713

0.9345
0.9463
0.9564
0.9649
0.9719

0.9357
0.9474
0.9573
0.9656
0.9726

0.9370
0.9484
0.9582
0.9664
0.9732

0.9382
0.9495
0.9591
0.9671
0.9738

0.9394
0.9505
0.9599
0.9678
0.9744

0.9406
0.9515
0.9608
0.9686
0.9750

0.9418
0.9525
0.9616
0.9693
0.9756

0.9429
0.9535
0.9625
0.9699
0.9761

0.9441
0.9545
0.9633
0.9706
0.9767

2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

0.9772
0.9821
0.9861
0.9893
0.9918

0.9778
0.9826
0.9864
0.9896
0.9920

0.9783
0.9830
0.9868
0.9898
0.9922

0.9788
0.9834
0.9871
0.9901
0.9925

0.9793
0.9838
0.9875
0.9904
0.9927

0.9798
0.9842
0.9878
0.9906
0.9929

0.9803
0.9846
0.9881
0.9909
0.9931

0.9808
0.9850
0.9884
0.9911
0.9932

0.9812
0.9854
0.9887
0.9913
0.9934

0.9817
0.9857
0.9890
0.9916
0.9936

2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9

0.9938
0.9953
0.9965
0.9974
0.9981

0.9940
0.9955
0.9966
0.9975
0.9982

0.9941
0.9956
0.9967
0.9976
0.9982

0.9943
0.9957
0.9968
0.9977
0.9983

0.9945
0.9959
0.9969
0.9977
0.9984

0.9946
0.9960
0.9970
0.9978
0.9984

0.9948
0.9961
0.9971
0.9979
0.9985

0.9949
0.9962
0.9972
0.9979
0.9985

0.9951
0.9963
0.9973
0.9980
0.9986

0.9952
0.9964
0.9974
0.9981
0.9986

3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

0.9987
0.9990
0.9993
0.9995
0.9997

0.9987
0.9991
0.9993
0.9995
0.9997

0.9987
0.9991
0.9994
0.9995
0.9997

0.9988
0.9991
0.9994
0.9996
0.9997

0.9988
0.9992
0.9994
0.9996
0.9997

0.9989
0.9992
0.9994
0.9996
0.9997

0.9989
0.9992
0.9994
0.9996
0.9997

0.9989
0.9992
0.9995
0.9996
0.9997

0.9990
0.9993
0.9995
0.9996
0.9997

0.9990
0.9993
0.9995
0.9997
0.9998

3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9

0.9998
0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
1.0000

0.9998
0.9998
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

0.9998
0.9999
0.9999
0.9999

For z 3.90, the areas are 1.0000 to four decimal places.

TABLE III
Normal scores

Ordered
position
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

TABLE III (cont.)


Normal scores

Ordered
position
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

n
5

10

11

12

13

1.18
0.50
0.00
0.50
1.18

1.28
0.64
0.20
0.20
0.64
1.28

1.36
0.76
0.35
0.00
0.35
0.76
1.36

1.43
0.85
0.47
0.15
0.15
0.47
0.85
1.43

1.50
0.93
0.57
0.27
0.00
0.27
0.57
0.93
1.50

1.55
1.00
0.65
0.37
0.12
0.12
0.37
0.65
1.00
1.55

1.59
1.06
0.73
0.46
0.22
0.00
0.22
0.46
0.73
1.06
1.59

1.64
1.11
0.79
0.53
0.31
0.10
0.10
0.31
0.53
0.79
1.11
1.64

1.68
1.16
0.85
0.60
0.39
0.19
0.00
0.19
0.39
0.60
0.85
1.16
1.68

n
14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

1.71
1.20
0.90
0.66
0.45
0.27
0.09
0.09
0.27
0.45
0.66
0.90
1.20
1.71

1.74
1.24
0.94
0.71
0.51
0.33
0.16
0.00
0.16
0.33
0.51
0.71
0.94
1.24
1.74

1.77
1.28
0.99
0.76
0.57
0.39
0.23
0.08
0.08
0.23
0.39
0.57
0.76
0.99
1.28
1.77

1.80
1.32
1.03
0.80
0.62
0.45
0.29
0.15
0.00
0.15
0.29
0.45
0.62
0.80
1.03
1.32
1.80

1.82
1.35
1.06
0.84
0.66
0.50
0.35
0.21
0.07
0.07
0.21
0.35
0.50
0.66
0.84
1.06
1.35
1.82

1.85
1.38
1.10
0.88
0.70
0.54
0.40
0.26
0.13
0.00
0.13
0.26
0.40
0.54
0.70
0.88
1.10
1.38
1.85

1.87
1.40
1.13
0.92
0.74
0.59
0.45
0.31
0.19
0.06
0.06
0.19
0.31
0.45
0.59
0.74
0.92
1.13
1.40
1.87

1.89
1.43
1.16
0.95
0.78
0.63
0.49
0.36
0.24
0.12
0.00
0.12
0.24
0.36
0.49
0.63
0.78
0.95
1.16
1.43
1.89

1.91
1.45
1.18
0.98
0.81
0.66
0.53
0.40
0.28
0.17
0.06
0.06
0.17
0.28
0.40
0.53
0.66
0.81
0.98
1.18
1.45
1.91

TABLE III (cont.)


Normal scores

Ordered
position
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

n
23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1.93
1.48
1.21
1.01
0.84
0.70
0.57
0.44
0.33
0.22
0.11
0.00
0.11
0.22
0.33
0.44
0.57
0.70
0.84
1.01
1.21
1.48
1.93

1.95
1.50
1.24
1.04
0.87
0.73
0.60
0.48
0.37
0.26
0.15
0.05
0.05
0.15
0.26
0.37
0.48
0.60
0.73
0.87
1.04
1.24
1.50
1.95

1.97
1.52
1.26
1.06
0.90
0.76
0.63
0.52
0.41
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.41
0.52
0.63
0.76
0.90
1.06
1.26
1.52
1.97

1.98
1.54
1.28
1.09
0.93
0.79
0.66
0.55
0.44
0.34
0.24
0.14
0.05
0.05
0.14
0.24
0.34
0.44
0.55
0.66
0.79
0.93
1.09
1.28
1.54
1.98

2.00
1.56
1.30
1.11
0.95
0.82
0.69
0.58
0.48
0.38
0.28
0.18
0.09
0.00
0.09
0.18
0.28
0.38
0.48
0.58
0.69
0.82
0.95
1.11
1.30
1.56
2.00

2.01
1.58
1.32
1.13
0.98
0.84
0.72
0.61
0.51
0.41
0.31
0.22
0.13
0.04
0.04
0.13
0.22
0.31
0.41
0.51
0.61
0.72
0.84
0.98
1.13
1.32
1.58
2.01

2.03
1.59
1.34
1.15
1.00
0.87
0.75
0.64
0.54
0.44
0.35
0.26
0.17
0.09
0.00
0.09
0.17
0.26
0.35
0.44
0.54
0.64
0.75
0.87
1.00
1.15
1.34
1.59
2.03

2.04
1.61
1.36
1.17
1.02
0.89
0.77
0.67
0.57
0.47
0.38
0.29
0.21
0.12
0.04
0.04
0.12
0.21
0.29
0.38
0.47
0.57
0.67
0.77
0.89
1.02
1.17
1.36
1.61
2.04

TABLE IV
Values of t

a
0

ta

df

t 0.10

t 0.05

t 0.025

t 0.01

t 0.005

df

1
2
3
4

3.078
1.886
1.638
1.533

6.314
2.920
2.353
2.132

12.706
4.303
3.182
2.776

31.821
6.965
4.541
3.747

63.657
9.925
5.841
4.604

1
2
3
4

5
6
7
8
9

1.476
1.440
1.415
1.397
1.383

2.015
1.943
1.895
1.860
1.833

2.571
2.447
2.365
2.306
2.262

3.365
3.143
2.998
2.896
2.821

4.032
3.707
3.499
3.355
3.250

5
6
7
8
9

10
11
12
13
14

1.372
1.363
1.356
1.350
1.345

1.812
1.796
1.782
1.771
1.761

2.228
2.201
2.179
2.160
2.145

2.764
2.718
2.681
2.650
2.624

3.169
3.106
3.055
3.012
2.977

10
11
12
13
14

15
16
17
18
19

1.341
1.337
1.333
1.330
1.328

1.753
1.746
1.740
1.734
1.729

2.131
2.120
2.110
2.101
2.093

2.602
2.583
2.567
2.552
2.539

2.947
2.921
2.898
2.878
2.861

15
16
17
18
19

20
21
22
23
24

1.325
1.323
1.321
1.319
1.318

1.725
1.721
1.717
1.714
1.711

2.086
2.080
2.074
2.069
2.064

2.528
2.518
2.508
2.500
2.492

2.845
2.831
2.819
2.807
2.797

20
21
22
23
24

25
26
27
28
29

1.316
1.315
1.314
1.313
1.311

1.708
1.706
1.703
1.701
1.699

2.060
2.056
2.052
2.048
2.045

2.485
2.479
2.473
2.467
2.462

2.787
2.779
2.771
2.763
2.756

25
26
27
28
29

30
31
32
33
34

1.310
1.309
1.309
1.308
1.307

1.697
1.696
1.694
1.692
1.691

2.042
2.040
2.037
2.035
2.032

2.457
2.453
2.449
2.445
2.441

2.750
2.744
2.738
2.733
2.728

30
31
32
33
34

35
36
37
38
39

1.306
1.306
1.305
1.304
1.304

1.690
1.688
1.687
1.686
1.685

2.030
2.028
2.026
2.024
2.023

2.438
2.434
2.431
2.429
2.426

2.724
2.719
2.715
2.712
2.708

35
36
37
38
39

40
41
42
43
44

1.303
1.303
1.302
1.302
1.301

1.684
1.683
1.682
1.681
1.680

2.021
2.020
2.018
2.017
2.015

2.423
2.421
2.418
2.416
2.414

2.704
2.701
2.698
2.695
2.692

40
41
42
43
44

45
46
47
48
49

1.301
1.300
1.300
1.299
1.299

1.679
1.679
1.678
1.677
1.677

2.014
2.013
2.012
2.011
2.010

2.412
2.410
2.408
2.407
2.405

2.690
2.687
2.685
2.682
2.680

45
46
47
48
49

TABLE IV (cont.)
Values of t

df

t 0.10

t 0.05

t 0.025

t 0.01

t 0.005

df

50
51
52
53
54

1.299
1.298
1.298
1.298
1.297

1.676
1.675
1.675
1.674
1.674

2.009
2.008
2.007
2.006
2.005

2.403
2.402
2.400
2.399
2.397

2.678
2.676
2.674
2.672
2.670

50
51
52
53
54

55
56
57
58
59

1.297
1.297
1.297
1.296
1.296

1.673
1.673
1.672
1.672
1.671

2.004
2.003
2.002
2.002
2.001

2.396
2.395
2.394
2.392
2.391

2.668
2.667
2.665
2.663
2.662

55
56
57
58
59

60
61
62
63
64

1.296
1.296
1.295
1.295
1.295

1.671
1.670
1.670
1.669
1.669

2.000
2.000
1.999
1.998
1.998

2.390
2.389
2.388
2.387
2.386

2.660
2.659
2.657
2.656
2.655

60
61
62
63
64

65
66
67
68
69

1.295
1.295
1.294
1.294
1.294

1.669
1.668
1.668
1.668
1.667

1.997
1.997
1.996
1.995
1.995

2.385
2.384
2.383
2.382
2.382

2.654
2.652
2.651
2.650
2.649

65
66
67
68
69

70
71
72
73
74

1.294
1.294
1.293
1.293
1.293

1.667
1.667
1.666
1.666
1.666

1.994
1.994
1.993
1.993
1.993

2.381
2.380
2.379
2.379
2.378

2.648
2.647
2.646
2.645
2.644

70
71
72
73
74

75
80
85
90
95

1.293
1.292
1.292
1.291
1.291

1.665
1.664
1.663
1.662
1.661

1.992
1.990
1.988
1.987
1.985

2.377
2.374
2.371
2.368
2.366

2.643
2.639
2.635
2.632
2.629

75
80
85
90
95

100
200
300
400
500

1.290
1.286
1.284
1.284
1.283

1.660
1.653
1.650
1.649
1.648

1.984
1.972
1.968
1.966
1.965

2.364
2.345
2.339
2.336
2.334

2.626
2.601
2.592
2.588
2.586

100
200
300
400
500

600
700
800
900
1000

1.283
1.283
1.283
1.282
1.282

1.647
1.647
1.647
1.647
1.646

1.964
1.963
1.963
1.963
1.962

2.333
2.332
2.331
2.330
2.330

2.584
2.583
2.582
2.581
2.581

600
700
800
900
1000

1.282

1.645

1.960

2.326

2.576

z 0.10

z 0.05

z 0.025

z 0.01

z 0.005

TABLE V
Values of W

W 0.10

W 0.05

W 0.025

W 0.01

W 0.005

7
8
9
10

22
28
34
41

24
30
37
44

26
32
39
47

28
34
42
50

36
43
52

7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15

48
56
65
74
83

52
61
70
79
90

55
64
74
84
95

59
68
78
89
100

61
71
81
92
104

11
12
13
14
15

16
17
18
19
20

94
104
116
128
140

100
112
124
136
150

106
118
131
144
158

112
125
138
152
167

117
130
143
158
173

16
17
18
19
20

TABLE VI
Values of M

n1
n2

10

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

14
15

20
21
22

27
29
30

36
37
38
39

45
46
48
49

55
57
58
59
60

66
68
70
71
72

78
80
82
83
85

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

16
17
18

23
24
25
26

31
32
33
35

40
41
43
44
45

49
51
53
54
55

60
62
64
65
66

72
74
76
78
79

85
87
89
91
93

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

18
20
21

26
27
28
30

34
36
37
39
40

44
46
47
49
50

54
56
58
60
61

65
68
70
72
73

78
80
83
85
86

91
94
96
99
101

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

21
22
23
24

29
30
32
33
34

38
40
41
43
44

48
50
52
54
55

59
61
63
65
67

71
73
76
78
80

84
87
89
92
94

98
101
103
106
108

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

23
24
26
27

31
33
35
36
37

41
43
45
47
48

52
54
56
58
60

63
66
68
71
72

76
79
81
84
86

89
93
95
98
101

104
107
110
114
116

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

25
27
28
29
30

34
36
38
39
40

44
47
49
51
52

56
58
61
63
65

68
71
73
76
78

81
84
87
90
92

95
99
102
105
108

110
114
117
121
124

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

27
29
31
32
33

37
39
41
43
44

48
50
53
55
56

60
63
65
68
70

72
76
78
81
84

86
90
93
96
99

101
105
108
112
114

116
121
124
129
131

10

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

29
31
33
34
36

40
42
44
46
48

51
54
56
59
61

64
67
69
72
74

77
80
83
87
89

91
95
98
102
105

106
111
114
119
121

123
127
131
136
139

TABLE VII
Values of 2

a
0

x a2

02.995

02.99

02.975

02.95

02.90

1
2
3
4

0.000
0.010
0.072
0.207

0.000
0.020
0.115
0.297

0.001
0.051
0.216
0.484

0.004
0.103
0.352
0.711

0.016
0.211
0.584
1.064

5
6
7
8
9

0.412
0.676
0.989
1.344
1.735

0.554
0.872
1.239
1.646
2.088

0.831
1.237
1.690
2.180
2.700

1.145
1.635
2.167
2.733
3.325

1.610
2.204
2.833
3.490
4.168

10
11
12
13
14

2.156
2.603
3.074
3.565
4.075

2.558
3.053
3.571
4.107
4.660

3.247
3.816
4.404
5.009
5.629

3.940
4.575
5.226
5.892
6.571

4.865
5.578
6.304
7.042
7.790

15
16
17
18
19

4.601
5.142
5.697
6.265
6.844

5.229
5.812
6.408
7.015
7.633

6.262
6.908
7.564
8.231
8.907

7.261
7.962
8.672
9.390
10.117

8.547
9.312
10.085
10.865
11.651

20
21
22
23
24

7.434
8.034
8.643
9.260
9.886

8.260
8.897
9.542
10.196
10.856

9.591
10.283
10.982
11.689
12.401

10.851
11.591
12.338
13.091
13.848

12.443
13.240
14.041
14.848
15.659

25
26
27
28
29

10.520
11.160
11.808
12.461
13.121

11.524
12.198
12.879
13.565
14.256

13.120
13.844
14.573
15.308
16.047

14.611
15.379
16.151
16.928
17.708

16.473
17.292
18.114
18.939
19.768

30
40
50
60
70

13.787
20.707
27.991
35.534
43.275

14.953
22.164
29.707
37.485
45.442

16.791
24.433
32.357
40.482
48.758

18.493
26.509
34.764
43.188
51.739

20.599
29.051
37.689
46.459
55.329

80
90
100

51.172
59.196
67.328

53.540
61.754
70.065

57.153
65.647
74.222

60.391
69.126
77.930

64.278
73.291
82.358

df

TABLE VII (cont.)


Values of 2

02.10

02.05

02.025

02.01

02.005

df

2.706
4.605
6.251
7.779

3.841
5.991
7.815
9.488

5.024
7.378
9.348
11.143

6.635
9.210
11.345
13.277

7.879
10.597
12.838
14.860

1
2
3
4

9.236
10.645
12.017
13.362
14.684

11.070
12.592
14.067
15.507
16.919

12.833
14.449
16.013
17.535
19.023

15.086
16.812
18.475
20.090
21.666

16.750
18.548
20.278
21.955
23.589

5
6
7
8
9

15.987
17.275
18.549
19.812
21.064

18.307
19.675
21.026
22.362
23.685

20.483
21.920
23.337
24.736
26.119

23.209
24.725
26.217
27.688
29.141

25.188
26.757
28.300
29.819
31.319

10
11
12
13
14

22.307
23.542
24.769
25.989
27.204

24.996
26.296
27.587
28.869
30.143

27.488
28.845
30.191
31.526
32.852

30.578
32.000
33.409
34.805
36.191

32.801
34.267
35.718
37.156
38.582

15
16
17
18
19

28.412
29.615
30.813
32.007
33.196

31.410
32.671
33.924
35.172
36.415

34.170
35.479
36.781
38.076
39.364

37.566
38.932
40.290
41.638
42.980

39.997
41.401
42.796
44.181
45.559

20
21
22
23
24

34.382
35.563
36.741
37.916
39.087

37.653
38.885
40.113
41.337
42.557

40.647
41.923
43.195
44.461
45.722

44.314
45.642
46.963
48.278
49.588

46.928
48.290
49.645
50.994
52.336

25
26
27
28
29

40.256
51.805
63.167
74.397
85.527

43.773
55.759
67.505
79.082
90.531

46.979
59.342
71.420
83.298
95.023

50.892
63.691
76.154
88.381
100.424

53.672
66.767
79.490
91.955
104.213

30
40
50
60
70

96.578
107.565
118.499

101.879
113.145
124.343

106.628
118.135
129.563

112.328
124.115
135.811

116.320
128.296
140.177

80
90
100

TABLE VIII
Values of F

dfn
dfd

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

39.86 49.50 53.59 55.83 57.24 58.20 58.91 59.44 59.86


161.45 199.50 215.71 224.58 230.16 233.99 236.77 238.88 240.54
647.79 799.50 864.16 899.58 921.85 937.11 948.22 956.66 963.28
4052.2 4999.5 5403.4 5624.6 5763.6 5859.0 5928.4 5981.1 6022.5
16211 20000 21615 22500 23056 23437 23715 23925 24091

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

8.53
9.00
9.16
9.24
9.29
9.33
9.35
9.37
9.38
18.51 19.00 19.16 19.25 19.30 19.33 19.35 19.37 19.38
38.51 39.00 39.17 39.25 39.30 39.33 39.36 39.37 39.39
98.50 99.00 99.17 99.25 99.30 99.33 99.36 99.37 99.39
198.50 199.00 199.17 199.25 199.30 199.33 199.36 199.37 199.39

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

5.54
10.13
17.44
34.12
55.55

5.46
9.55
16.04
30.82
49.80

5.39
9.28
15.44
29.46
47.47

5.34
9.12
15.10
28.71
46.19

5.31
9.01
14.88
28.24
45.39

5.28
8.94
14.73
27.91
44.84

5.27
8.89
14.62
27.67
44.43

5.25
8.85
14.54
27.49
44.13

5.24
8.81
14.47
27.35
43.88

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

4.54
7.71
12.22
21.20
31.33

4.32
6.94
10.65
18.00
26.28

4.19
6.59
9.98
16.69
24.26

4.11
6.39
9.60
15.98
23.15

4.05
6.26
9.36
15.52
22.46

4.01
6.16
9.20
15.21
21.97

3.98
6.09
9.07
14.98
21.62

3.95
6.04
8.98
14.80
21.35

3.94
6.00
8.90
14.66
21.14

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

4.06
6.61
10.01
16.26
22.78

3.78
5.79
8.43
13.27
18.31

3.62
5.41
7.76
12.06
16.53

3.52
5.19
7.39
11.39
15.56

3.45
5.05
7.15
10.97
14.94

3.40
4.95
6.98
10.67
14.51

3.37
4.88
6.85
10.46
14.20

3.34
4.82
6.76
10.29
13.96

3.32
4.77
6.68
10.16
13.77

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.78
5.99
8.81
13.75
18.63

3.46
5.14
7.26
10.92
14.54

3.29
4.76
6.60
9.78
12.92

3.18
4.53
6.23
9.15
12.03

3.11
4.39
5.99
8.75
11.46

3.05
4.28
5.82
8.47
11.07

3.01
4.21
5.70
8.26
10.79

2.98
4.15
5.60
8.10
10.57

2.96
4.10
5.52
7.98
10.39

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.59
5.59
8.07
12.25
16.24

3.26
4.74
6.54
9.55
12.40

3.07
4.35
5.89
8.45
10.88

2.96
4.12
5.52
7.85
10.05

2.88
3.97
5.29
7.46
9.52

2.83
3.87
5.12
7.19
9.16

2.78
3.79
4.99
6.99
8.89

2.75
3.73
4.90
6.84
8.68

2.72
3.68
4.82
6.72
8.51

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.46
5.32
7.57
11.26
14.69

3.11
4.46
6.06
8.65
11.04

2.92
4.07
5.42
7.59
9.60

2.81
3.84
5.05
7.01
8.81

2.73
3.69
4.82
6.63
8.30

2.67
3.58
4.65
6.37
7.95

2.62
3.50
4.53
6.18
7.69

2.59
3.44
4.43
6.03
7.50

2.56
3.39
4.36
5.91
7.34

a
0

Fa

TABLE VIII (cont.)


Values of F

dfn

dfd

60.19 60.71 61.22 61.74 62.00 62.26 62.53 62.79 63.06


241.88 243.91 245.95 248.01 249.05 250.10 251.14 252.20 253.25
968.63 976.71 984.87 993.10 997.25 1001.41 1005.60 1009.80 1014.02
6055.8 6106.3 6157.3 6208.7 6234.6 6260.6 6286.7 631.9 6339.4
24224 24426 24630 24836 24940 25044 25148 25253 25359

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

9.39
9.41
9.42
9.44
9.45
9.46
9.47
9.47
9.48
19.40 19.41 19.43 19.45 19.45 19.46 19.47 19.48 19.49
39.40 39.41 39.43 39.45 39.46 39.46 39.47 39.48 39.49
99.40 99.42 99.43 99.45 99.46 99.47 99.47 99.48 99.49
199.40 199.42 199.43 199.45 199.46 199.47 199.47 199.48 199.49

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

5.23
8.79
14.42
27.23
43.69

5.22
8.74
14.34
27.05
43.39

5.20
8.70
14.25
26.87
43.08

5.18
8.66
14.17
26.69
42.78

5.18
8.64
14.12
26.60
42.62

5.17
8.62
14.08
26.50
42.47

5.16
8.59
14.04
26.41
42.31

5.15
8.57
13.99
26.32
42.15

5.14
8.55
13.95
26.22
41.99

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.92
5.96
8.84
14.55
20.97

3.90
5.91
8.75
14.37
20.70

3.87
5.86
8.66
14.20
20.44

3.84
5.80
8.56
14.02
20.17

3.83
5.77
8.51
13.93
20.03

3.82
5.75
8.46
13.84
19.89

3.80
5.72
8.41
13.75
19.75

3.79
5.69
8.36
13.65
19.61

3.78
5.66
8.31
13.56
19.47

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.30
4.74
6.62
10.05
13.62

3.27
4.68
6.52
9.89
13.38

3.24
4.62
6.43
9.72
13.15

3.21
4.56
6.33
9.55
12.90

3.19
4.53
6.28
9.47
12.78

3.17
4.50
6.23
9.38
12.66

3.16
4.46
6.18
9.29
12.53

3.14
4.43
6.12
9.20
12.40

3.12
4.40
6.07
9.11
12.27

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.94
4.06
5.46
7.87
10.25

2.90
4.00
5.37
7.72
10.03

2.87
3.94
5.27
7.56
9.81

2.84
3.87
5.17
7.40
9.59

2.82
3.84
5.12
7.31
9.47

2.80
3.81
5.07
7.23
9.36

2.78
3.77
5.01
7.14
9.24

2.76
3.74
4.96
7.06
9.12

2.74
3.70
4.90
6.97
9.00

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.70
3.64
4.76
6.62
8.38

2.67
3.57
4.67
6.47
8.18

2.63
3.51
4.57
6.31
7.97

2.59
3.44
4.47
6.16
7.75

2.58
3.41
4.41
6.07
7.64

2.56
3.38
4.36
5.99
7.53

2.54
3.34
4.31
5.91
7.42

2.51
3.30
4.25
5.82
7.31

2.49
3.27
4.20
5.74
7.19

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.54
3.35
4.30
5.81
7.21

2.50
3.28
4.20
5.67
7.01

2.46
3.22
4.10
5.52
6.81

2.42
3.15
4.00
5.36
6.61

2.40
3.12
3.95
5.28
6.50

2.38
3.08
3.89
5.20
6.40

2.36
3.04
3.84
5.12
6.29

2.34
3.01
3.78
5.03
6.18

2.32
2.97
3.73
4.95
6.06

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

TABLE VIII (cont.)


Values of F

dfn
dfd

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.36
5.12
7.21
10.56
13.61

3.01
4.26
5.71
8.02
10.11

2.81
3.86
5.08
6.99
8.72

2.69
3.63
4.72
6.42
7.96

2.61
3.48
4.48
6.06
7.47

2.55
3.37
4.32
5.80
7.13

2.51
3.29
4.20
5.61
6.88

2.47
3.23
4.10
5.47
6.69

2.44
3.18
4.03
5.35
6.54

10

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.29
4.96
6.94
10.04
12.83

2.92
4.10
5.46
7.56
9.43

2.73
3.71
4.83
6.55
8.08

2.61
3.48
4.47
5.99
7.34

2.52
3.33
4.24
5.64
6.87

2.46
3.22
4.07
5.39
6.54

2.41
3.14
3.95
5.20
6.30

2.38
3.07
3.85
5.06
6.12

2.35
3.02
3.78
4.94
5.97

11

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.23
4.84
6.72
9.65
12.23

2.86
3.98
5.26
7.21
8.91

2.66
3.59
4.63
6.22
7.60

2.54
3.36
4.28
5.67
6.88

2.45
3.20
4.04
5.32
6.42

2.39
3.09
3.88
5.07
6.10

2.34
3.01
3.76
4.89
5.86

2.30
2.95
3.66
4.74
5.68

2.27
2.90
3.59
4.63
5.54

12

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.18
4.75
6.55
9.33
11.75

2.81
3.89
5.10
6.93
8.51

2.61
3.49
4.47
5.95
7.23

2.48
3.26
4.12
5.41
6.52

2.39
3.11
3.89
5.06
6.07

2.33
3.00
3.73
4.82
5.76

2.28
2.91
3.61
4.64
5.52

2.24
2.85
3.51
4.50
5.35

2.21
2.80
3.44
4.39
5.20

13

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.14
4.67
6.41
9.07
11.37

2.76
3.81
4.97
6.70
8.19

2.56
3.41
4.35
5.74
6.93

2.43
3.18
4.00
5.21
6.23

2.35
3.03
3.77
4.86
5.79

2.28
2.92
3.60
4.62
5.48

2.23
2.83
3.48
4.44
5.25

2.20
2.77
3.39
4.30
5.08

2.16
2.71
3.31
4.19
4.94

14

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.10
4.60
6.30
8.86
11.06

2.73
3.74
4.86
6.51
7.92

2.52
3.34
4.24
5.56
6.68

2.39
3.11
3.89
5.04
6.00

2.31
2.96
3.66
4.69
5.56

2.24
2.85
3.50
4.46
5.26

2.19
2.76
3.38
4.28
5.03

2.15
2.70
3.29
4.14
4.86

2.12
2.65
3.21
4.03
4.72

15

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.07
4.54
6.20
8.68
10.80

2.70
3.68
4.77
6.36
7.70

2.49
3.29
4.15
5.42
6.48

2.36
3.06
3.80
4.89
5.80

2.27
2.90
3.58
4.56
5.37

2.21
2.79
3.41
4.32
5.07

2.16
2.71
3.29
4.14
4.85

2.12
2.64
3.20
4.00
4.67

2.09
2.59
3.12
3.89
4.54

16

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.05
4.49
6.12
8.53
10.58

2.67
3.63
4.69
6.23
7.51

2.46
3.24
4.08
5.29
6.30

2.33
3.01
3.73
4.77
5.64

2.24
2.85
3.50
4.44
5.21

2.18
2.74
3.34
4.20
4.91

2.13
2.66
3.22
4.03
4.69

2.09
2.59
3.12
3.89
4.52

2.06
2.54
3.05
3.78
4.38

TABLE VIII (cont.)


Values of F

dfn
10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

dfd

2.42
3.14
3.96
5.26
6.42

2.38
3.07
3.87
5.11
6.23

2.34
3.01
3.77
4.96
6.03

2.30
2.94
3.67
4.81
5.83

2.28
2.90
3.61
4.73
5.73

2.25
2.86
3.56
4.65
5.62

2.23
2.83
3.51
4.57
5.52

2.21
2.79
3.45
4.48
5.41

2.18
2.75
3.39
4.40
5.30

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.32
2.98
3.72
4.85
5.85

2.28
2.91
3.62
4.71
5.66

2.24
2.85
3.52
4.56
5.47

2.20
2.77
3.42
4.41
5.27

2.18
2.74
3.37
4.33
5.17

2.16
2.70
3.31
4.25
5.07

2.13
2.66
3.26
4.17
4.97

2.11
2.62
3.20
4.08
4.86

2.08
2.58
3.14
4.00
4.75

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

10

2.25
2.85
3.53
4.54
5.42

2.21
2.79
3.43
4.40
5.24

2.17
2.72
3.33
4.25
5.05

2.12
2.65
3.23
4.10
4.86

2.10
2.61
3.17
4.02
4.76

2.08
2.57
3.12
3.94
4.65

2.05
2.53
3.06
3.86
4.55

2.03
2.49
3.00
3.78
4.45

2.00
2.45
2.94
3.69
4.34

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

11

2.19
2.75
3.37
4.30
5.09

2.15
2.69
3.28
4.16
4.91

2.10
2.62
3.18
4.01
4.72

2.06
2.54
3.07
3.86
4.53

2.04
2.51
3.02
3.78
4.43

2.01
2.47
2.96
3.70
4.33

1.99
2.43
2.91
3.62
4.23

1.96
2.38
2.85
3.54
4.12

1.93
2.34
2.79
3.45
4.01

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

12

2.14
2.67
3.25
4.10
4.82

2.10
2.60
3.15
3.96
4.64

2.05
2.53
3.05
3.82
4.46

2.01
2.46
2.95
3.66
4.27

1.98
2.42
2.89
3.59
4.17

1.96
2.38
2.84
3.51
4.07

1.93
2.34
2.78
3.43
3.97

1.90
2.30
2.72
3.34
3.87

1.88
2.25
2.66
3.25
3.76

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

13

2.10
2.60
3.15
3.94
4.60

2.05
2.53
3.05
3.80
4.43

2.01
2.46
2.95
3.66
4.25

1.96
2.39
2.84
3.51
4.06

1.94
2.35
2.79
3.43
3.96

1.91
2.31
2.73
3.35
3.86

1.89
2.27
2.67
3.27
3.76

1.86
2.22
2.61
3.18
3.66

1.83
2.18
2.55
3.09
3.55

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

14

2.06
2.54
3.06
3.80
4.42

2.02
2.48
2.96
3.67
4.25

1.97
2.40
2.86
3.52
4.07

1.92
2.33
2.76
3.37
3.88

1.90
2.29
2.70
3.29
3.79

1.87
2.25
2.64
3.21
3.69

1.85
2.20
2.59
3.13
3.58

1.82
2.16
2.52
3.05
3.48

1.79
2.11
2.46
2.96
3.37

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

15

2.03
2.49
2.99
3.69
4.27

1.99
2.42
2.89
3.55
4.10

1.94
2.35
2.79
3.41
3.92

1.89
2.28
2.68
3.26
3.73

1.87
2.24
2.63
3.18
3.64

1.84
2.19
2.57
3.10
3.54

1.81
2.15
2.51
3.02
3.44

1.78
2.11
2.45
2.93
3.33

1.75
2.06
2.38
2.84
3.22

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

16

TABLE VIII (cont.)


Values of F

dfn
dfd

17

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.03
4.45
6.04
8.40
10.38

2.64
3.59
4.62
6.11
7.35

2.44
3.20
4.01
5.18
6.16

2.31
2.96
3.66
4.67
5.50

2.22
2.81
3.44
4.34
5.07

2.15
2.70
3.28
4.10
4.78

2.10
2.61
3.16
3.93
4.56

2.06
2.55
3.06
3.79
4.39

2.03
2.49
2.98
3.68
4.25

18

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

3.01
4.41
5.98
8.29
10.22

2.62
3.55
4.56
6.01
7.21

2.42
3.16
3.95
5.09
6.03

2.29
2.93
3.61
4.58
5.37

2.20
2.77
3.38
4.25
4.96

2.13
2.66
3.22
4.01
4.66

2.08
2.58
3.10
3.84
4.44

2.04
2.51
3.01
3.71
4.28

2.00
2.46
2.93
3.60
4.14

19

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.99
4.38
5.92
8.18
10.07

2.61
3.52
4.51
5.93
7.09

2.40
3.13
3.90
5.01
5.92

2.27
2.90
3.56
4.50
5.27

2.18
2.74
3.33
4.17
4.85

2.11
2.63
3.17
3.94
4.56

2.06
2.54
3.05
3.77
4.34

2.02
2.48
2.96
3.63
4.18

1.98
2.42
2.88
3.52
4.04

20

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.97
4.35
5.87
8.10
9.94

2.59
3.49
4.46
5.85
6.99

2.38
3.10
3.86
4.94
5.82

2.25
2.87
3.51
4.43
5.17

2.16
2.71
3.29
4.10
4.76

2.09
2.60
3.13
3.87
4.47

2.04
2.51
3.01
3.70
4.26

2.00
2.45
2.91
3.56
4.09

1.96
2.39
2.84
3.46
3.96

21

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.96
4.32
5.83
8.02
9.83

2.57
3.47
4.42
5.78
6.89

2.36
3.07
3.82
4.87
5.73

2.23
2.84
3.48
4.37
5.09

2.14
2.68
3.25
4.04
4.68

2.08
2.57
3.09
3.81
4.39

2.02
2.49
2.97
3.64
4.18

1.98
2.42
2.87
3.51
4.01

1.95
2.37
2.80
3.40
3.88

22

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.95
4.30
5.79
7.95
9.73

2.56
3.44
4.38
5.72
6.81

2.35
3.05
3.78
4.82
5.65

2.22
2.82
3.44
4.31
5.02

2.13
2.66
3.22
3.99
4.61

2.06
2.55
3.05
3.76
4.32

2.01
2.46
2.93
3.59
4.11

1.97
2.40
2.84
3.45
3.94

1.93
2.34
2.76
3.35
3.81

23

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.94
4.28
5.75
7.88
9.63

2.55
3.42
4.35
5.66
6.73

2.34
3.03
3.75
4.76
5.58

2.21
2.80
3.41
4.26
4.95

2.11
2.64
3.18
3.94
4.54

2.05
2.53
3.02
3.71
4.26

1.99
2.44
2.90
3.54
4.05

1.95
2.37
2.81
3.41
3.88

1.92
2.32
2.73
3.30
3.75

24

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.93
4.26
5.72
7.82
9.55

2.54
3.40
4.32
5.61
6.66

2.33
3.01
3.72
4.72
5.52

2.19
2.78
3.38
4.22
4.89

2.10
2.62
3.15
3.90
4.49

2.04
2.51
2.99
3.67
4.20

1.98
2.42
2.87
3.50
3.99

1.94
2.36
2.78
3.36
3.83

1.91
2.30
2.70
3.26
3.69

TABLE VIII (cont.)


Values of F

dfn
10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

dfd

2.00
2.45
2.92
3.59
4.14

1.96
2.38
2.82
3.46
3.97

1.91
2.31
2.72
3.31
3.79

1.86
2.23
2.62
3.16
3.61

1.84
2.19
2.56
3.08
3.51

1.81
2.15
2.50
3.00
3.41

1.78
2.10
2.44
2.92
3.31

1.75
2.06
2.38
2.83
3.21

1.72
2.01
2.32
2.75
3.10

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

17

1.98
2.41
2.87
3.51
4.03

1.93
2.34
2.77
3.37
3.86

1.89
2.27
2.67
3.23
3.68

1.84
2.19
2.56
3.08
3.50

1.81
2.15
2.50
3.00
3.40

1.78
2.11
2.44
2.92
3.30

1.75
2.06
2.38
2.84
3.20

1.72
2.02
2.32
2.75
3.10

1.69
1.97
2.26
2.66
2.99

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

18

1.96
2.38
2.82
3.43
3.93

1.91
2.31
2.72
3.30
3.76

1.86
2.23
2.62
3.15
3.59

1.81
2.16
2.51
3.00
3.40

1.79
2.11
2.45
2.92
3.31

1.76
2.07
2.39
2.84
3.21

1.73
2.03
2.33
2.76
3.11

1.70
1.98
2.27
2.67
3.00

1.67
1.93
2.20
2.58
2.89

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

19

1.94
2.35
2.77
3.37
3.85

1.89
2.28
2.68
3.23
3.68

1.84
2.20
2.57
3.09
3.50

1.79
2.12
2.46
2.94
3.32

1.77
2.08
2.41
2.86
3.22

1.74
2.04
2.35
2.78
3.12

1.71
1.99
2.29
2.69
3.02

1.68
1.95
2.22
2.61
2.92

1.64
1.90
2.16
2.52
2.81

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

20

1.92
2.32
2.73
3.31
3.77

1.87
2.25
2.64
3.17
3.60

1.83
2.18
2.53
3.03
3.43

1.78
2.10
2.42
2.88
3.24

1.75
2.05
2.37
2.80
3.15

1.72
2.01
2.31
2.72
3.05

1.69
1.96
2.25
2.64
2.95

1.66
1.92
2.18
2.55
2.84

1.62
1.87
2.11
2.46
2.73

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

21

1.90
2.30
2.70
3.26
3.70

1.86
2.23
2.60
3.12
3.54

1.81
2.15
2.50
2.98
3.36

1.76
2.07
2.39
2.83
3.18

1.73
2.03
2.33
2.75
3.08

1.70
1.98
2.27
2.67
2.98

1.67
1.94
2.21
2.58
2.88

1.64
1.89
2.14
2.50
2.77

1.60
1.84
2.08
2.40
2.66

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

22

1.89
2.27
2.67
3.21
3.64

1.84
2.20
2.57
3.07
3.47

1.80
2.13
2.47
2.93
3.30

1.74
2.05
2.36
2.78
3.12

1.72
2.01
2.30
2.70
3.02

1.69
1.96
2.24
2.62
2.92

1.66
1.91
2.18
2.54
2.82

1.62
1.86
2.11
2.45
2.71

1.59
1.81
2.04
2.35
2.60

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

23

1.88
2.25
2.64
3.17
3.59

1.83
2.18
2.54
3.03
3.42

1.78
2.11
2.44
2.89
3.25

1.73
2.03
2.33
2.74
3.06

1.70
1.98
2.27
2.66
2.97

1.67
1.94
2.21
2.58
2.87

1.64
1.89
2.15
2.49
2.77

1.61
1.84
2.08
2.40
2.66

1.57
1.79
2.01
2.31
2.55

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

24

TABLE VIII (cont.)


Values of F

dfn
dfd

25

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.92
4.24
5.69
7.77
9.48

2.53
3.39
4.29
5.57
6.60

2.32
2.99
3.69
4.68
5.46

2.18
2.76
3.35
4.18
4.84

2.09
2.60
3.13
3.85
4.43

2.02
2.49
2.97
3.63
4.15

1.97
2.40
2.85
3.46
3.94

1.93
2.34
2.75
3.32
3.78

1.89
2.28
2.68
3.22
3.64

26

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.91
4.23
5.66
7.72
9.41

2.52
3.37
4.27
5.53
6.54

2.31
2.98
3.67
4.64
5.41

2.17
2.74
3.33
4.14
4.79

2.08
2.59
3.10
3.82
4.38

2.01
2.47
2.94
3.59
4.10

1.96
2.39
2.82
3.42
3.89

1.92
2.32
2.73
3.29
3.73

1.88
2.27
2.65
3.18
3.60

27

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.90
4.21
5.63
7.68
9.34

2.51
3.35
4.24
5.49
6.49

2.30
2.96
3.65
4.60
5.36

2.17
2.73
3.31
4.11
4.74

2.07
2.57
3.08
3.78
4.34

2.00
2.46
2.92
3.56
4.06

1.95
2.37
2.80
3.39
3.85

1.91
2.31
2.71
3.26
3.69

1.87
2.25
2.63
3.15
3.56

28

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.89
4.20
5.61
7.64
9.28

2.50
3.34
4.22
5.45
6.44

2.29
2.95
3.63
4.57
5.32

2.16
2.71
3.29
4.07
4.70

2.06
2.56
3.06
3.75
4.30

2.00
2.45
2.90
3.53
4.02

1.94
2.36
2.78
3.36
3.81

1.90
2.29
2.69
3.23
3.65

1.87
2.24
2.61
3.12
3.52

29

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.89
4.18
5.59
7.60
9.23

2.50
3.33
4.20
5.42
6.40

2.28
2.93
3.61
4.54
5.28

2.15
2.70
3.27
4.04
4.66

2.06
2.55
3.04
3.73
4.26

1.99
2.43
2.88
3.50
3.98

1.93
2.35
2.76
3.33
3.77

1.89
2.28
2.67
3.20
3.61

1.86
2.22
2.59
3.09
3.48

30

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.88
4.17
5.57
7.56
9.18

2.49
3.32
4.18
5.39
6.35

2.28
2.92
3.59
4.51
5.24

2.14
2.69
3.25
4.02
4.62

2.05
2.53
3.03
3.70
4.23

1.98
2.42
2.87
3.47
3.95

1.93
2.33
2.75
3.30
3.74

1.88
2.27
2.65
3.17
3.58

1.85
2.21
2.57
3.07
3.45

60

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.79
4.00
5.29
7.08
8.49

2.39
3.15
3.93
4.98
5.79

2.18
2.76
3.34
4.13
4.73

2.04
2.53
3.01
3.65
4.14

1.95
2.37
2.79
3.34
3.76

1.87
2.25
2.63
3.12
3.49

1.82
2.17
2.51
2.95
3.29

1.77
2.10
2.41
2.82
3.13

1.74
2.04
2.33
2.72
3.01

120

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

2.75
3.92
5.15
6.85
8.18

2.35
3.07
3.80
4.79
5.54

2.13
2.68
3.23
3.95
4.50

1.99
2.45
2.89
3.48
3.92

1.90
2.29
2.67
3.17
3.55

1.82
2.18
2.52
2.96
3.28

1.77
2.09
2.39
2.79
3.09

1.72
2.02
2.30
2.66
2.93

1.68
1.96
2.22
2.56
2.81

TABLE VIII (cont.)


Values of F

dfn
10

12

15

20

24

30

40

60

120

dfd

1.87
2.24
2.61
3.13
3.54

1.82
2.16
2.51
2.99
3.37

1.77
2.09
2.41
2.85
3.20

1.72
2.01
2.30
2.70
3.01

1.69
1.96
2.24
2.62
2.92

1.66
1.92
2.18
2.54
2.82

1.63
1.87
2.12
2.45
2.72

1.59
1.82
2.05
2.36
2.61

1.56
1.77
1.98
2.27
2.50

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

25

1.86
2.22
2.59
3.09
3.49

1.81
2.15
2.49
2.96
3.33

1.76
2.07
2.39
2.81
3.15

1.71
1.99
2.28
2.66
2.97

1.68
1.95
2.22
2.58
2.87

1.65
1.90
2.16
2.50
2.77

1.61
1.85
2.09
2.42
2.67

1.58
1.80
2.03
2.33
2.56

1.54
1.75
1.95
2.23
2.45

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

26

1.85
2.20
2.57
3.06
3.45

1.80
2.13
2.47
2.93
3.28

1.75
2.06
2.36
2.78
3.11

1.70
1.97
2.25
2.63
2.93

1.67
1.93
2.19
2.55
2.83

1.64
1.88
2.13
2.47
2.73

1.60
1.84
2.07
2.38
2.63

1.57
1.79
2.00
2.29
2.52

1.53
1.73
1.93
2.20
2.41

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

27

1.84
2.19
2.55
3.03
3.41

1.79
2.12
2.45
2.90
3.25

1.74
2.04
2.34
2.75
3.07

1.69
1.96
2.23
2.60
2.89

1.66
1.91
2.17
2.52
2.79

1.63
1.87
2.11
2.44
2.69

1.59
1.82
2.05
2.35
2.59

1.56
1.77
1.98
2.26
2.48

1.52
1.71
1.91
2.17
2.37

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

28

1.83
2.18
2.53
3.00
3.38

1.78
2.10
2.43
2.87
3.21

1.73
2.03
2.32
2.73
3.04

1.68
1.94
2.21
2.57
2.86

1.65
1.90
2.15
2.49
2.76

1.62
1.85
2.09
2.41
2.66

1.58
1.81
2.03
2.33
2.56

1.55
1.75
1.96
2.23
2.45

1.51
1.70
1.89
2.14
2.33

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

29

1.82
2.16
2.51
2.98
3.34

1.77
2.09
2.41
2.84
3.18

1.72
2.01
2.31
2.70
3.01

1.67
1.93
2.20
2.55
2.82

1.64
1.89
2.14
2.47
2.73

1.61
1.84
2.07
2.39
2.63

1.57
1.79
2.01
2.30
2.52

1.54
1.74
1.94
2.21
2.42

1.50
1.68
1.87
2.11
2.30

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

30

1.71
1.99
2.27
2.63
2.90

1.66
1.92
2.17
2.50
2.74

1.60
1.84
2.06
2.35
2.57

1.54
1.75
1.94
2.20
2.39

1.51
1.70
1.88
2.12
2.29

1.48
1.65
1.82
2.03
2.19

1.44
1.59
1.74
1.94
2.08

1.40
1.53
1.67
1.84
1.96

1.35
1.47
1.58
1.73
1.83

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

60

1.65
1.91
2.16
2.47
2.71

1.60
1.83
2.05
2.34
2.54

1.55
1.75
1.94
2.19
2.37

1.48
1.66
1.82
2.03
2.19

1.45
1.61
1.76
1.95
2.09

1.41
1.55
1.69
1.86
1.98

1.37
1.50
1.61
1.76
1.87

1.32
1.43
1.53
1.66
1.75

1.26
1.35
1.43
1.53
1.61

0.10
0.05
0.025
0.01
0.005

120

TABLE IX
Critical values
for a correlation
test for normality

0.10

0.05

0.01

5
6
7
8
9

0.903
0.911
0.918
0.924
0.930

0.880
0.889
0.897
0.905
0.911

0.832
0.841
0.852
0.862
0.871

10
11
12
13
14

0.935
0.938
0.942
0.945
0.948

0.917
0.923
0.927
0.931
0.935

0.879
0.887
0.894
0.900
0.905

15
16
17
18
19

0.951
0.953
0.955
0.957
0.959

0.938
0.941
0.944
0.946
0.949

0.910
0.914
0.918
0.922
0.925

20
21
22
23
24

0.960
0.962
0.963
0.964
0.966

0.951
0.952
0.954
0.956
0.957

0.928
0.931
0.933
0.936
0.938

25
26
27
28
29

0.967
0.968
0.969
0.969
0.970

0.958
0.960
0.961
0.962
0.963

0.940
0.942
0.944
0.945
0.947

30
40
50
60
70
80
90

0.971
0.977
0.981
0.983
0.985
0.987
0.988

0.964
0.972
0.976
0.980
0.982
0.984
0.986

0.949
0.958
0.966
0.971
0.975
0.978
0.980

100
200
300
400
500
1000

0.989
0.994
0.996
0.997
0.998
0.999

0.987
0.993
0.995
0.996
0.997
0.998

0.982
0.990
0.993
0.995
0.996
0.998

TABLE X
Values of q 0.01

0.01

q 0.01

1
2
3
4

90.0 135
164
186
202
14.0
19.0
22.3
24.7
26.6
8.26 10.6
12.2
13.3
14.2
6.51
8.12
9.17
9.96 10.6

10

216
28.2
15.0
11.1

227
29.5
15.6
11.5

237
30.7
16.2
11.9

246
31.7
16.7
12.3

1
2
3
4

5
6
7
8
9

5.70
5.24
4.95
4.74
4.60

6.97
6.33
5.92
5.63
5.43

7.80
7.03
6.54
6.20
5.96

8.42
7.56
7.01
6.63
6.35

8.91
7.97
7.37
6.96
6.66

9.32
8.32
7.68
7.24
6.91

9.67
8.61
7.94
7.47
7.13

9.97
8.87
8.17
7.68
7.32

10.2
9.10
8.37
7.87
7.49

5
6
7
8
9

10
11
12
13
14

4.48
4.39
4.32
4.26
4.21

5.27
5.14
5.04
4.96
4.89

5.77
5.62
5.50
5.40
5.32

6.14
5.97
5.84
5.73
5.63

6.43
6.25
6.10
5.98
5.88

6.67
6.48
6.32
6.19
6.08

6.87
6.67
6.51
6.37
6.26

7.05
6.84
6.67
6.53
6.41

7.21
6.99
6.81
6.67
6.54

10
11
12
13
14

15
16
17
18
19

4.17
4.13
4.10
4.07
4.05

4.83
4.78
4.74
4.70
4.67

5.25
5.19
5.14
5.09
5.05

5.56
5.49
5.43
5.38
5.33

5.80
5.72
5.66
5.60
5.55

5.99
5.92
5.85
5.79
5.73

6.16
6.08
6.01
5.94
5.89

6.31
6.22
6.15
6.08
6.02

6.44
6.35
6.27
6.20
6.14

15
16
17
18
19

20
24
30
40
60

4.02
3.96
3.89
3.82
3.76

4.64
4.54
4.45
4.37
4.28

5.02
4.91
4.80
4.70
4.60

5.29
5.17
5.05
4.93
4.82

5.51
5.37
5.24
5.11
4.99

5.69
5.54
5.40
5.27
5.13

5.84
5.69
5.54
5.39
5.25

5.97
5.81
5.65
5.50
5.36

6.09
5.92
5.76
5.60
5.45

20
24
30
40
60

120

3.70
3.64

4.20
4.12

4.50
4.40

4.71
4.60

4.87
4.76

5.01
4.88

5.12
4.99

5.21
5.08

5.30
5.16

120

TABLE XI
Values of q 0.05

0.05

q 0.05

10

1
2
3
4

18.0
6.08
4.50
3.93

27.0
8.33
5.91
5.04

32.8
9.80
6.82
5.76

37.1
10.9
7.50
6.29

40.4
11.7
8.04
6.71

43.1
12.4
8.48
7.05

45.4
13.0
8.85
7.35

47.4
13.5
9.18
7.60

49.1
14.0
9.46
7.83

1
2
3
4

5
6
7
8
9

3.64
3.46
3.34
3.26
3.20

4.60
4.34
4.16
4.04
3.95

5.22
4.90
4.68
4.53
4.41

5.67
5.30
5.06
4.89
4.76

6.03
5.63
5.36
5.17
5.02

6.33
5.90
5.61
5.40
5.24

6.58
6.12
5.82
5.60
5.43

6.80
6.32
6.00
5.77
5.59

6.99
6.49
6.16
5.92
5.74

5
6
7
8
9

10
11
12
13
14

3.15
3.11
3.08
3.06
3.03

3.88
3.82
3.77
3.73
3.70

4.33
4.26
4.20
4.15
4.11

4.65
4.57
4.51
4.45
4.41

4.91
4.82
4.75
4.69
4.64

5.12
5.03
4.95
4.88
4.83

5.30
5.20
5.12
5.05
4.99

5.46
5.35
5.27
5.19
5.13

5.60
5.49
5.39
5.32
5.25

10
11
12
13
14

15
16
17
18
19

3.01
3.00
2.98
2.97
2.96

3.67
3.65
3.63
3.61
3.59

4.08
4.05
4.02
4.00
3.98

4.37
4.33
4.30
4.28
4.25

4.59
4.56
4.52
4.49
4.47

4.78
4.74
4.70
4.67
4.65

4.94
4.90
4.86
4.82
4.79

5.08
5.03
4.99
4.96
4.92

5.20
5.15
5.11
5.07
5.04

15
16
17
18
19

20
24
30
40
60

2.95
2.92
2.89
2.86
2.83

3.58
3.53
3.49
3.44
3.40

3.96
3.90
3.85
3.79
3.74

4.23
4.17
4.10
4.04
3.98

4.45
4.37
4.30
4.23
4.16

4.62
4.54
4.46
4.39
4.31

4.77
4.68
4.60
4.52
4.44

4.90
4.81
4.72
4.63
4.55

5.01
4.92
4.82
4.73
4.65

20
24
30
40
60

120

2.80
2.77

3.36
3.31

3.68
3.63

3.92
3.86

4.10
4.03

4.24
4.17

4.36
4.29

4.47
4.39

4.56
4.47

120