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# EMAT20200 Engineering Maths II (20 credits)

As taken by 2nd year students on Aerospace, Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering programmes.

Organiser: Staffing:

Dr M D J Barry Lecturers: Prof. Alan Champneys, Dr Mike Barry, Prof. Bernd Krauskopf This is the second of the two units which cover the basic mathematics requirements of engineering degree programmes. It comprises four elements: Vector Calculus, Applied Statistics, Partial Differential Equations and Numerical Analysis. Engineering Mathematics I or equivalent To enhance and develop the students understanding of and ability to use the language of mathematics in the description of engineering

Description:

Pre-requisites: Aims:

Vector Calculus: Students should build upon their knowledge of the Learning outcomes: single variable differential and integral calculus so they can apply this to multiple integration and to changes of coordinate systems. Vector methods are then introduced. Vector Calculus extends this knowledge to integration along curves, over curved surfaces and through volumes. Students then learn how to apply the classical Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems to problems in the physical sciences and to a wide variety of applications in engineering. Applied Statistics: The student will build upon the knowledge of basic probability theory and will extend this into the real world of applied statistics. Starting with the Poisson Process, and the Normal Distribution; the Central Limit Theorem is applied to Sampling Theory within the context of Hypothesis Testing. This enables one to make inferences, and obtain confidence intervals about the Means of large populations. The goodness of fit of real data to a theoretical probability model follows. Correlation measures the degree of association between two randomly varying quantities, and regression enables one to delineate this measure of association. Linear Systems & Partial Differential Equations: The student will learn about periodic functions and the frequency domain and how they are represented and calculated. They will also learn how to represent the exponential parts of functions using Laplace transforms. Solutions of problems in the time domain can be solved using the ensuing Laplace and Fourier transforms. Students will learn to understand different forms of differential equation in two independent variables and what they mean physically. They will also understand a variety of methods for their solution. Numerical Analysis: The students will understand that very few problems

in engineering and mathematics have a simple analytical or closed form solution and that numerical methods are required. From the first principles of numerical error propagation, the student will be taken through equation solution, interpolation and approximation, and numerical methods in calculus extending into ordinary differential equations. Organisation & timetable: Eng. Maths 2 Lecturers: tbc Eng. Maths 2 Revision Classes: tbc Eng. Maths 2 Drop-in Classes: tbc 100% written 3 hour examination in May/June This will follow the usual university guidelines, resits will be in September. See: Examination and Assessment Procedures and Regulations Supplementary assessment is by written examination. Specimen Exam Paper for 2007 Vector Calculus Syllabus: Revision of vector algebra and of single variable calculus. Motivation of scalar functions and vector fields. Derivatives of scalar fields: Gradient, directional derivative; applications including classification of max, min and saddle using the Hessian. Derivatives of vector fields: divergence, curl: mathematical definitions and physical interpretations; the operator del; second derivatives. Line integrals: parametrisation of lines; work integrals; scalar line integrals; arc length. Integration over areas and volumes; multiple integration and changes of coordinate system. Surface integrals; intrinsic definition of surfaces and parametrisation; scalar surface integrals; flux integrals; Tying it all together; Gauss theorem sketch proof and applications; Stokes theorem (Green's theorem as special case) - sketch proof and applications. Applied Statistics (Weeks 8 - 11, Dr Mike Barry) (Weeks 1 - 7, Prof. Bernd Krauskopf)

Assessments:

Revision of probability. The Poisson process. Normal Distribution. The Central Limit Theorem. Large and small samples, Student t Distribution. Goodness of Fit and Chi-squared test. Correlation. Linear and Polynomial Regression. Statistical Quality Control. Linear Systems and Partial Differential Equations (weeks 12 - 18, Prof Alan Champneys)

Fourier series for periodic functions - the Euler formulae, full range and half-range series for functions defined in a finite interval. Fourier Transforms, Laplace Transforms, use for solutions of ODE's , types of partial differential equations; linear equations, superposition of solutions, boundary conditions. First-order equations, solution using transformation of variables. Second-order equations: wave, diffusion, Laplace equations; travelling waves, d'Alembert solution. Separation of variables (Cartesian coordinates): solution by superposition. Numerical Analysis (Weeks 19 - 22, Dr Eddie Wilson)

Introduction to rounding and experimental errors. Finite and infinite algorithms; Taylor series; truncation error. Numerical solution of algebraic equations: interval bisection, fixed point, and Newton-Raphson methods; order and rate of convergence. Polynomial interpolation with error formulae; linear and cubic splines.Least squares curve-fitting. Numerical integration including error formulae; Trapezium and Simpson's rule; Gauss quadrature. Numerical solution of scalar ordinary differential equations with error and stability analysis; explicit and implicit Euler method; Midpoint rule; Trapezoidal method; PredictorCorrector and explicit Runge-Kutta schemes. Materials: Books: Index of lecture notes and example sheets Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics (3rd edition), G James et al. Addison-Wesley, 32.99 2004 ISBN 0130454257. This textbook covers the entire unit apart from some detail in statistics. Advanced Engineering Mathematics (8th Edition) E Kreyszig Wiley 30.95. This book is aimed at the more advanced end of this course but gives simple explanations and contains all the maths you are likely to need for the rest of your University career and beyond. Other textbooks which students may find useful are: Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists (6th Edition). Ronald. E. Walpole, & Raymond. H. Myers. Macmillan, 21.50. ISBN 0-02-424210-1. Recommended as covering the requirements in applied statistics, though many other textbooks available in the libraries will do likewise. Modern Engineering Mathematics (3rd edition), G James et al. AddisonWesley, 18.95. 2001. ISBN: 0201 87761 9. Recommended in support, notably for elementary applications of the calculus and applied statiscis.. Past exams: See http://www.enm.bris.ac.uk/teaching/local/exam-p-and-s/examsindex.html