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BRITISH STANDARD

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Arc welding equipment


Part 10: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements

ICS 25.160.30

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BS EN 60974-10:2007

National foreword
This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 60974-10:2007. It is identical to IEC 60974-10:2007. It supersedes BS EN 60974-10:2003 which is withdrawn. The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee WEE/6, Electric arc welding equipment. A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on request to its secretary. This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users are responsible for its correct application. Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from legal obligations.

This British Standard was published under the authority of the Standards Policy and Strategy Committee on 30 April 2008

Amendments/corrigenda issued since publication Date Comments

BSI 2008

ISBN 978 0 580 54474 3

EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPENNE EUROPISCHE NORM


ICS 25.160

EN 60974-10
December 2007
Supersedes EN 60974-10:2003

English version

Arc welding equipment Part 10: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements (IEC 60974-10:2007)
Matriel de soudage l'arc Partie 10: Exigences relatives la compatibilit lectromagntique (CEM) (CEI 60974-10:2007) Lichtbogenschweieinrichtungen Teil 10: Anforderungen an die elektromagnetische Vertrglichkeit (EMV) (IEC 60974-10:2007)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2007-12-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions. CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Comit Europen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europisches Komitee fr Elektrotechnische Normung Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 35, B - 1050 Brussels
2007 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members. Ref. No. EN 60974-10:2007 E

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Foreword
The text of document 26/341/CDV, future edition 2 of IEC 60974-10, prepared by IEC TC 26, Electric welding, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel Unique Acceptance Procedure and was approved by CENELEC as EN 60974-10 on 2007-12-01. This European Standard supersedes EN 60974-10:2003. Significant technical changes with respect to EN 60974-10:2003 are: application of more stringent r.f. emission limits for the idle mode; mandatory classification of arc starting and stabilizing devices as Class A equipment; additional immunity tests (surges and r.f. common-mode currents); inclusion of informative Annex B, containing the applicable emission limits for information of the user of the standard. The following dates were fixed: latest date by which the EN has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the EN have to be withdrawn

(dop)

2008-09-01

(dow)

2010-12-01

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CENELEC by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and covers essential requirements of EC Directive 2004/108/EC. See Annex ZZ. Annexes ZA and ZZ have been added by CENELEC. __________

Endorsement notice
The text of the International Standard IEC 60974-10:2007 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. __________

BS EN 60974-10:2007

CONTENTS
1 2 3 4 Scope ...............................................................................................................................5 Normative references .......................................................................................................5 Terms and definitions .......................................................................................................6 General test requirements ................................................................................................7 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Test 5.1 5.2 5.3 Test conditions ........................................................................................................7 Measuring instruments ............................................................................................7 Artificial mains network ...........................................................................................7 Voltage probe ..........................................................................................................7 Antennas .................................................................................................................7 set-up for emission and immunity..............................................................................7

General ...................................................................................................................7 Load........................................................................................................................ 9 Ancillary equipment ................................................................................................. 9 5.3.1 General requirements .................................................................................. 9 5.3.2 Wire feeders ................................................................................................ 9 5.3.3 Remote controls ........................................................................................ 10 Emission tests ................................................................................................................ 10 6.1 Classification for r.f. emission tests ....................................................................... 10 6.1.1 Class A equipment .................................................................................... 10 6.1.2 Class B equipment .................................................................................... 10 6.2 Test conditions ...................................................................................................... 10 6.2.1 Welding power source ............................................................................... 10 6.2.2 Load .......................................................................................................... 11 6.2.3 Wire feeders .............................................................................................. 11 6.2.4 Ancillary equipment ................................................................................... 11 6.3 Emission limits ...................................................................................................... 12 6.3.1 General ..................................................................................................... 12 6.3.2 Mains terminal disturbance voltage............................................................ 12 6.3.3 Electromagnetic radiation disturbance ....................................................... 13 6.3.4 Harmonics, voltage fluctuations and flicker ................................................ 13 Immunity tests ................................................................................................................ 13 7.1 Classification......................................................................................................... 13 7.1.1 Applicability of tests................................................................................... 13 7.1.2 Category 1................................................................................................. 13 7.1.3 Category 2................................................................................................. 14 7.2 Test conditions ...................................................................................................... 14 7.3 Immunity performance criteria ............................................................................... 14 7.3.1 Performance criterion A ............................................................................. 14 7.3.2 Performance criterion B ............................................................................. 14 7.3.3 Performance criterion C ............................................................................. 14 7.4 Immunity levels ..................................................................................................... 14 Documentation for the purchaser/user ............................................................................ 16

Annex A (informative) Installation and use ........................................................................... 17

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Annex B (informative) Limits ................................................................................................ 19 Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications ....................................................................................23 Annex ZZ (informative) Coverage of Essential Requirements of EC Directives ......................26

Figure 1 Typical arc welding equipment with a conventional load .........................................8 Figure 2 Position of arc welding equipment and conventional load with respect to the antenna ..................................................................................................................................8 Table 1 Immunity levels Enclosure .................................................................................. 15 Table 2 Immunity levels AC input power port................................................................... 15 Table 3 Immunity levels Ports for process measurement and control lines ......................... 15 Table B.1 Mains terminal disturbance voltage limits, idle state ........................................... 19 Table B.2 Mains terminal disturbance voltage limits, load conditions .................................. 19 Table B.3 Electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits, idle state ...................................... 20 Table B.4 Electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits, load conditions ............................. 20 Table B.5 Maximum permissible harmonic current for non-professional equipment with input current I 1max 16 A ............................................................................................... 20 Table B.6 Current emission limits for professional equipment with I 1max 75 A other than balanced three-phase equipment .................................................................................. 21 Table B.7 Current emission limits for professional balanced three-phase equipment with I 1max 75 A................................................................................................................... 21 Table B.8 Current emission limits for professional balanced three-phase equipment with I 1max 75 A under specified conditions ......................................................................... 21 Table B.9 Limits for arc welding equipment with I 1max 75 A .............................................. 22

BS EN 60974-10:2007

ARC WELDING EQUIPMENT Part 10: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements

Scope

This part of IEC 60974 specifies a) applicable standards and test methods for radio-frequency (r.f.) emissions; b) applicable standards and test methods for harmonic current emission, voltage fluctuations and flicker; c) immunity requirements and test methods for continuous and transient, conducted and radiated disturbances including electrostatic discharges. This standard is applicable to equipment for arc welding and allied processes, including power sources and ancillary equipment, for example wire feeders, liquid cooling systems and arc striking and stabilizing devices.
NOTE 1 Allied processes are, for example, plasma cutting and arc stud welding.

NOTE 2 This standard does not specify basic safety requirements for arc welding equipment such as protection against electric shock, unsafe operation, insulation coordination and related dielectric tests.

Arc welding equipment type tested in accordance with, and which has met the requirements of, this standard is considered to be in compliance for all applications.

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 60050-161, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary Chapter 161: Electromagnetic compatibility IEC 60050-851, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary Chapter 851: Electric welding IEC 60974-1, Arc welding equipment Part 1: Welding power sources IEC 60974-3, Arc welding equipment Part 3: Arc striking and stabilizing devices IEC 60974-6, Arc welding equipment Part 6: Power sources for manual metal arc welding with limited duty IEC 61000-3-2:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-2: Limits Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current 16 A per phase) IEC 61000-3-3:1994, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-3: Limits Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems for equipment with rated current 16 A per phase and not subject to conditional connection 1 Amendment 1 (2001) Amendment 2 (2005)
1 There exists a consolidated edition 1.2 (2005) that includes edition 1 and its amendments 1 and 2.

BS EN 60974-10:2007

IEC/TS 61000-3-4, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-4: Limits Limitation of emission of harmonic currents in low-voltage power supply systems for equipment with rated current greater than 16 A IEC 61000-3-11:2000, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-11: Limits Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems Equipment with rated current 75 A and subject to conditional connection IEC 61000-3-12:2004, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-12: Limits for harmonic currents produced by equipment connected to public low-voltage systems with input current > 16 A and 75 A per phase IEC 61000-4-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques Electrostatic discharge immunity test IEC 61000-4-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-3: Testing and measurement techniques Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test IEC 61000-4-4, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-4: Testing and measurement techniques Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test IEC 61000-4-5, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-5: Testing and measurement techniques Surge immunity test IEC 61000-4-6, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-6: Testing and measurement techniques Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields IEC 61000-4-11, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-11: Testing and measurement techniques Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests CISPR 11:2003, Industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) radio-frequency equipment Radio disturbance characteristics Limits and methods of measurement CISPR 14-1, Electromagnetic compatiblility Requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus Part 1: Emission CISPR 16-1-1, Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus Measuring apparatus CISPR 16-1-2, Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Part 1-2: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus Ancillary equipment Conducted disturbances CISPR 16-1-4, Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods Part 1-4: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus Ancillary equipment Radiated disturbances

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions related to EMC and to the relevant phenomena contained in IEC 60050-161, the terms and definitions related to arc welding equipment contained in IEC 60050-851 and in IEC 60974-1, as well as the following, apply. 3.1 click disturbance which exceeds the limit of continuous disturbance no longer than 200 ms and which is separated from a subsequent disturbance by at least 200 ms

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NOTE 1

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Both intervals are related to the level of the limit of continuous disturbance.

NOTE 2 A click may contain a number of impulses, in which case the relevant time is that from the beginning of the first to the end of the last impulse.

3.2 idle state operating mode in which the power is switched on, but the welding circuit is not energized

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4.1

General test requirements


Test conditions

Tests shall be carried out within the specified operating conditions for the apparatus, as given in IEC 60974-1 or IEC 60974-6, and at its rated supply voltage and frequency. Results obtained for r.f. emission and immunity at 50 Hz are valid for the same model operating at 60 Hz and vice versa. 4.2 Measuring instruments

The measuring equipment shall comply with the requirements of CISPR 16-1-1 and the standards referred to in Tables 1, 2 and 3 as applicable. 4.3 Artificial mains network

Measurement of the mains terminal disturbance voltage shall be made using an artificial mains network consisting of 50 /50 H V-network as specified in CISPR 16-1-2. The artificial network is required to provide a defined impedance at r.f. across the mains supply at the point of measurement and also to provide for isolation of the equipment under test from ambient noise on the power lines. 4.4 Voltage probe

A voltage probe shall be used when the artificial mains network cannot be used. The probe is connected sequentially between each line and the reference earth. The probe shall consist of a blocking capacitor and a resistor such that the total resistance between the line and earth is at least 1 500 . The effect on the accuracy of measurement of the capacitor or any other device which may be used to protect the measuring receiver against dangerous currents shall be either less than 1 dB or allowed for in calibration. 4.5 Antennas

In the frequency range from 30 MHz to 1 GHz, the antenna(s) used shall be as specified in CISPR 16-1-4. Measurements shall be made for both horizontal and vertical polarization. The nearest point of the antenna(s) to the ground shall be not less than 0,2 m.

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5.1

Test set-up for emission and immunity


General

Emission and immunity testing shall be carried out on equipment configured in accordance with Figure 1. Arc welding equipment tested in such a configuration shall be considered to have met the necessary requirements of this standard. If due to the design of the arc welding equipment, these tests cannot be carried out as described, the manufacturers recommendations (for example, temporary bypassing or disablement of control circuits) should be followed in order to match these test objectives. Any temporary changes to the arc welding equipment shall be documented.

BS EN 60974-10:2007

The configuration of the equipment under test shall be noted in the test report.

Key 1 2 3 4 5 6 a Wire feeder Welding power source Welding cable (bundled) Interconnection cable (bundled) Remote control Conventional load =1m 7 8 9 10 11 b Insulation Earthed ground plane Liquid cooling systems Input supply cable Remote control cable (bundled) 0,4 m

NOTE

Items 1, 5, 9 and 11 are ancillary equipment, as applicable.

Figure 1 Typical arc welding equipment with a conventional load

Key W 3 a Arc welding equipment Welding cable =1m A 6 c Antenna Conventional load See IEC 61000-4-3 and 6.3.3

Figure 2 Position of arc welding equipment and conventional load with respect to the antenna

BS EN 60974-10:2007

If ancillary equipment can be connected to the welding power source, then the welding power source shall be tested with the minimum configuration of ancillary equipment necessary to exercise the ports. If the welding power source has a large number of similar ports or ports with many similar connections, then a sufficient number shall be selected to simulate actual operating conditions and to ensure that all the different types of termination are covered. For conducted r.f. emission tests the welding power source shall be connected to the electricity supply using the V-network specified in 4.3 whenever possible. The V-network shall be located so that its closest surface is no less than 0,8 m from the nearest boundary of the equipment under test. The input cable shall have a minimum length of 2 m. The welding power source shall be connected to the conventional load by welding cables of suitable cross-section for the welding current, or the appropriate torch or electrode holder with adapter. The welding cables shall have a minimum length of 2 m. For r.f. emission tests the welding power source shall be insulated by an insulating mat (or blocks) not greater than 12 mm thick or insulated by its own under-gear if appropriate. For radiated emission and immunity tests, the welding power source and conventional load shall be positioned equidistant from the test antenna; see Figure 2. The cables shall be allowed to fall naturally to the ground plane. Excess input, welding or torch cables shall be folded to and forth, as far as practicable, to form a bundle not exceeding 0,4 m in length. Specific test set-up geometries for immunity tests can be found in the basic standards referenced in Tables 1, 2 and 3. 5.2 Load

During the tests, the arc welding operation is simulated by loading the equipment with a conventional load as specified in IEC 60974-1. For r.f. emission tests the conventional load shall be insulated by an insulating mat (or blocks) not greater than 12 mm thick or insulated by its own under-gear if appropriate. 5.3 5.3.1 Ancillary equipment General requirements

Ancillary equipment shall be tested in conjunction with a welding power source. It shall be connected and installed as recommended by the manufacturer. Specific requirements for wire feeders and remote controls are given below. 5.3.2 Wire feeders

Wire feeders shall be positioned on/by a welding power source as designed. Wire feeders, which can be located both inside or outside the welding power source enclosure, shall be placed outside. For r.f. emission tests, wire feeders designed to be placed on the floor shall be insulated from it, by an insulating mat (or blocks) not greater than 12 mm thick or insulated by its own under-gear, if appropriate.

BS EN 60974-10:2007

10

The welding cable connecting the wire feeder to the welding power source shall be 2 m in length or longer, if required, to make the connection and be of suitable current rating. If a welding cable in excess of 2 m is provided by the manufacturer, the excess shall be folded to and forth, as far as practicable, to form a bundle not exceeding 0,4 m in length. A welding cable connection less than 2 m long shall be permitted if this is supplied with the equipment. The interconnection cable(s) between the wire feeder and the welding power source shall be of the type and length recommended by the manufacturer. Excess cable shall be folded to and forth, as far as practicable, to form a bundle not exceeding 0,4 m in length. A welding torch, as recommended by the manufacturer, may be used instead of a welding cable to make the connection from the wire feeder to the conventional load. 5.3.3 Remote controls

If a welding power source is capable of operating with a remote control, it shall be tested with the remote control connected, which is expected to give the highest emissions and/or lowest immunity. The remote control shall be placed on, and insulated from, the ground plane beside the load, where possible. For r.f. emission tests, the insulation shall not be greater than 12 mm thick. Remote controls designed to be attached to the arc welding equipment during use shall be placed as intended. Excess cable shall be folded to and forth to form a bundle not exceeding 0,4 m in length, as far as practicable.

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6.1

Emission tests
Classification for r.f. emission tests Class A equipment

6.1.1

Class A equipment is intended for use in locations other than residential locations where the electrical power is provided by the public low-voltage supply system. Class A equipment shall meet Class A limits in accordance with 6.3. 6.1.2 Class B equipment

Class B equipment is suitable for use in all locations, including residential locations where the electrical power is provided by the public low-voltage supply system. Class B equipment shall meet Class B limits in accordance with 6.3. 6.2 6.2.1 6.2.1.1 Test conditions Welding power source Test conditions for r.f. emission tests

The welding power source shall be tested at the conventional load voltages (see items b) and c)) according to the process as given in 6.2.2 under each of the following output conditions: a) idle state; b) at rated minimum welding current; c) at rated welding current at 100 % duty cycle.

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BS EN 60974-10:2007

If applicable, the idle state test is made with the configuration shown in Figure 1, but with an open circuit at the load. If the primary current is greater than 25 A at any of the output conditions given above, the output may be reduced to give a primary current of 25 A. However, if a primary current of 25 A or less cannot be achieved, the voltage probe, as specified in 4.4, may be used in 6.3.2 as an alternative to an artificial mains network. Welding power sources capable of operating in both a.c. and d.c. modes shall be tested in both modes. Multi-process welding power sources shall be tested with the conventional load which gives the highest load voltage for the set current. If a welding power source contains more than one output circuit (for example, plasma cutting and manual arc welding), each circuit shall be tested separately. For power sources with an external wire feeder, only the MIG configuration shall be tested with the MIG conventional load voltage. 6.2.1.2 Test conditions for harmonics

Welding power sources within the scope of IEC 60974-1 shall be tested at the conventional load voltage according to the process as given in 6.2.2 at maximum rated welding current at the rated duty cycle. The observation period shall be 10 min. Welding power sources capable of operating in both a.c. and d.c. modes shall be tested in both modes. Multi-process welding power sources shall be tested with the conventional load which gives the highest conventional load voltage for the set current. Test conditions for welding power sources within the scope of IEC 60974-6 are given in IEC 61000-3-2. 6.2.1.3 Test conditions for voltage fluctuations and flicker

Test conditions for welding power sources are given in IEC 61000-3-3. 6.2.2 Load

Conventional load voltages are given in IEC 60974-1 or IEC 60974-6. 6.2.3 Wire feeders

Wire feeders shall be tested at 50 % of the maximum wire feed speed setting, where possible. Pre-programmed and synergic wire feeders shall be tested according to the output setting of the welding power source. During this test, pressure shall be removed from the drive rolls of the wire feeder and the welding power source shall be loaded as given in 6.2.1.1. 6.2.4 Ancillary equipment

Other ancillary equipment shall be tested according to the manufacturers recommendations. Arc striking and stabilizing devices and arc stud welding equipment shall be classified as Class A equipment. For arc striking and stabilizing devices which are energy limited in accordance with IEC 60974-3, no additional r.f. emission tests are required.

BS EN 60974-10:2007
6.3 6.3.1 Emission limits General

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Emission limits are designed to reduce the probability of interference but will not in all cases eliminate interference, for example, when the receiving apparatus is in close proximity or has a high degree of sensitivity. The ability of arc welding equipment to work in a compatible manner with other radio and electronic systems is greatly influenced by the manner in which it is installed and used. For this reason a code of practice is appended to this standard (see Annex A), and it is important that the arc welding equipment be installed and used in accordance with this code of practice if electromagnetic compatibility is to be achieved. Class A equipment is not intended for use in residential locations where the electrical power is provided by the public low-voltage supply system. A statement shall be included in the documentation for the user, drawing attention to the fact that there may be potential difficulties in ensuring electromagnetic compatibility in those locations. 6.3.2 6.3.2.1 Mains terminal disturbance voltage Idle mode

The mains terminal disturbance voltage limits for Class A arc welding equipment are the Group 1 limits given in Table 2a of CISPR 11. The mains terminal disturbance voltage limits for Class B arc welding equipment are the Group 1 limits given in Table 2b of CISPR 11. The EUT shall meet either both the average and the quasi-peak limits using corresponding detectors or the average limit when using a quasi-peak detector. 6.3.2.2 Loaded

The mains terminal disturbance voltage limits for Class A arc welding equipment are the Group 2 limits given in Table 2a of CISPR 11. The applicable limit shall be selected based on the rated maximum supply current I 1max value. The mains terminal disturbance voltage limits for Class B arc welding equipment are the Group 2 limits given in Table 2b of CISPR 11. The EUT shall meet either both the average and the quasi-peak limits using corresponding detectors or the average limit when using a quasi-peak detector. For Class A equipment impulse noise (clicks) which occurs less than 5 times per minute is not considered. For Class B equipment impulse noise (clicks) which occurs less than 0,2 times per minute a relaxation of the limits of 44 dB is allowed. For clicks appearing between 0,2 and 30 times per minute, a relaxation of the limits of 20 log (30/ N ) dB is allowed (where N is the number of clicks per minute). Criteria for separated clicks may be found in CISPR 14-1.

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6.3.3 6.3.3.1 Electromagnetic radiation disturbance General

BS EN 60974-10:2007

For radiated emission tests the separation between the antenna and the equipment under test shall be as specified in Clause 5 of CISPR 11. 6.3.3.2 Idle mode

The electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits for Class A arc welding equipment are the Group 1 limits given in Table 3 of CISPR 11. The electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits for Class B arc welding equipment are the Group 1 limits given in Table 3 of CISPR 11. 6.3.3.3 Loaded

The electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits for Class A arc welding equipment are the limits given in Table 5b of CISPR 11. The electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits for Class B arc welding equipment in the frequency band 30 MHz to 1 000 MHz are the Group 2 limits given in Table 4 of CISPR 11. 6.3.4 Harmonics, voltage fluctuations and flicker

The limits for a) harmonic current emissions are given in IEC 61000-3-2 and IEC 61000-3-12; b) voltage fluctuations and flicker are given in IEC 61000-3-3 and IEC 61000-3-11; and are applicable to arc welding equipment, as far as covered by the scope of these standards.
NOTE IEC/TS 61000-3-4 may be used to guide the parties concerned by the installation of arc welding equipment with an input current above 75 A in a low-voltage network.

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7.1

Immunity tests
Classification Applicability of tests

7.1.1

Arc welding equipment covered by this standard is sub-divided into categories for the purpose of immunity requirements as given below. Category 1 arc welding equipment is considered to meet the necessary immunity requirements without testing. Category 2 arc welding equipment shall fulfil the requirements of 7.4. 7.1.2 Category 1

Arc welding equipment containing no electronic control circuitry, for example, transformers, transformer rectifiers, passive remote controls, liquid cooling systems, CO 2 -heaters and nonelectronic wire feeders. Electric circuits consisting of passive components such as inductors, r.f. suppression networks, mains frequency transformers, rectifiers, diodes and resistors are not considered to be electronic control circuitry.

BS EN 60974-10:2007
7.1.3 Category 2

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All arc welding equipment excluded from Category 1 above. 7.2 Test conditions

Welding power sources shall be tested during no-load and loaded operation at the welding current corresponding to a 100 % duty cycle, when delivering current into a conventional load in accordance with 6.2.2. Compliance shall be checked by measuring the no-load voltage and the mean value of the welding current. Wire feeders shall be tested at 50 % of the maximum setting. The speed of the wire feeder shall be measured using a tachogenerator on a drive roll or by using other equivalent means.
NOTE To carry out this test, the pressure should be removed from the drive rolls.

7.3 7.3.1

Immunity performance criteria Performance criterion A

The arc welding equipment shall continue to operate as intended. A variation in welding current, wire feed speed and travel speed of 10 % of the setting is permitted, unless the manufacturer states otherwise. All controls shall continue to function and, in particular, it shall be possible to terminate the welding current using the normal switch provided, for example, the switch on a metal inert/active gas welding torch or foot control. No loss of stored data is permitted. After the test the output shall return to the original setting. Under no circumstances shall the no-load voltage exceed those values given in IEC 60974-1. 7.3.2 Performance criterion B
+50 % is permitted (in A variation in welding current, wire feed speed and travel speed of 100 practice this may result in the arc extinguishing, in which case the arc may be reinitiated by the operator using the normal means). It shall be possible to terminate the welding current using the normal switch provided, for example the switch on a metal inert/active gas welding torch or foot control. No loss of stored data is permitted. After the test the output shall return to the original setting. Under no circumstances shall the no-load voltage exceed those values given in IEC 60974-1.

7.3.3

Performance criterion C

Temporary loss of function is permitted, requiring the arc welding equipment to be reset manually.
NOTE This may require the equipment to be switched off and on.

No loss of stored data is permitted unless it can be restored by the operation of the controls. Under no circumstances shall the no-load voltage exceed those values given in IEC 60974-1. 7.4 Immunity levels

Immunity requirements are given in Table 1 for the enclosure, Table 2 for the a.c. input power port and Table 3 for ports for process measurement and control lines.

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Table 1 Immunity levels Enclosure
Phenomena Units MHz V/m (unmod. r.m.s.) % AM (1 kHz) kV (charge voltage) kV (charge voltage) Test specification 80 to 1 000 10 80 4 8
a

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Basic standard

Remarks The test level specified is prior to modulation

Performance criteria

Radiofrequency EM field, amplitude modulated

IEC 61000-4-3

Electrostatic discharge

Contact discharge Air discharge

IEC 61000-4-2
a

See basic standard for applicability of contact and/or air discharge test.

Testing is not required at lower levels than those specified.

Table 2 Immunity levels AC input power port


Phenomena Units kV (peak) Repetition frequency kHz Tr/Th ns MHz V (unmod. r.m.s.) % AM (1kHz) Test specification 2 5 5/50 0,15 to 80 10 80 Basic standard Remarks Performance criteria B

Fast transients

IEC 61000-4-4

Direct injection See note

Radiofrequency common mode

IEC 61000-4-6

The test level specified is prior to modulation This test is not required when normal functioning cannot be achieved because of the impact of the CDN on the EUT

Surges line-to-line line-to-earth

Tr/Th s kV (open-circuit voltage) kV (open-circuit voltage)

1,2/50 (8/20) 1 2 IEC 61000-4-5

% reduction periods Voltage dips % reduction periods NOTE

30 0,5 IEC 61000-4-11 60 5

B C

The test level can also be defined as the equivalent current into a 150 load.

Table 3 Immunity levels Ports for process measurement and control lines
Phenomena Units kV (peak) Tr/Th ns Repetition frequency kHz MHz V (unmod. r.m.s.) % AM (1kHz) Test specification 2 5/50 5 0,15 to 80 10 80 Basic standard Remarks Performance criteria B

Fast transients

IEC 61000-4-4

Capacitive clamp See note

Radiofrequency common mode

IEC 61000-4-6

The test level specified is prior to modulation

Applicable to process measurement and control ports interfacing to cables unless the total length according to manufacturers' specifications does not exceed 3 m. NOTE The test level can also be defined as the equivalent current into a 150 load.

BS EN 60974-10:2007
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16

Documentation for the purchaser/user

The documentation made available to the purchaser/user prior and after the purchase shall clearly indicate the equipment class. The user shall be made aware of the fact that proper installation and use of the arc welding equipment is necessary to minimize possible interfering emissions. The manufacturer or his authorized representative shall be responsible for including instructions and information with each welding power source as follows. a) For Class B equipment, a written statement that Class B equipment complies with electromagnetic compatibility requirements in industrial and residential environments, including residential locations where the electrical power is provided by the public lowvoltage supply system. b) For Class A equipment the following wording or its equivalent shall be included in the instruction manual: WARNING: This Class A equipment is not intended for use in residential locations where the electrical power is provided by the public low-voltage supply system. There may be potential difficulties in ensuring electromagnetic compatibility in those locations, due to conducted as well as radiated disturbances. c) If the equipment with an input current below 75 A per phase is intended to be connected only to private low voltage systems, and it does not comply with IEC 61000-3-12 the following wording or its equivalent shall be included in the instruction manual: WARNING: This equipment does not comply with IEC 61000-3-12. If it is connected to a public low voltage system, it is the responsibility of the installer or user of the equipment to ensure, by consultation with the distribution network operator if necessary, that the equipment may be connected. d) Information on any special measures that have to be taken to achieve compliance, for example the use of shielded cables. e) Recommendations on the assessment of the surrounding area, to identify necessary precautions required for the installation and use, to minimize disturbances; see Clause A.2. f) Recommendations on methods to minimize disturbances; see Clause A.3; g) A statement drawing attention to the users responsibility with respect to interference from welding.

17

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Annex A (informative) Installation and use


A.1 General

The user is responsible for installing and using the arc welding equipment according to the manufacturers instructions. If electromagnetic disturbances are detected, then it shall be the responsibility of the user of the arc welding equipment to resolve the situation with the technical assistance of the manufacturer. In some cases this remedial action may be as simple as earthing the welding circuit (see note). In other cases, it could involve constructing an electromagnetic screen enclosing the welding power source and the work complete with associated input filters. In all cases electromagnetic disturbances shall be reduced to the point where they are no longer troublesome.
NOTE The welding circuit may or may not be earthed for safety reasons. Changing the earthing arrangements should only be authorized by a person who is competent to assess whether the changes will increase the risk of injury, for example, by allowing parallel welding current return paths, which may damage the earth circuits of other equipment. Further guidance is given in IEC/TS 62081 2.

A.2

Assessment of area

Before installing arc welding equipment the user shall make an assessment of potential electromagnetic problems in the surrounding area. The following shall be taken into account: a) other supply cables, control cables, signalling and telephone cables, above, below and adjacent to the arc welding equipment; b) radio and television transmitters and receivers; c) computer and other control equipment; d) safety critical equipment, for example guarding of industrial equipment ; e) the health of the people around, for example the use of pacemakers and hearing aids; f) equipment used for calibration or measurement; g) the immunity of other equipment in the environment. The user shall ensure that other equipment being used in the environment is compatible. This may require additional protection measures; h) the time of day that welding or other activities are to be carried out. The size of the surrounding area to be considered will depend on the structure of the building and other activities that are taking place. The surrounding area may extend beyond the boundaries of the premises.

A.3
A.3.1

Methods of reducing emissions


Public supply system

Arc welding equipment should be connected to the public supply system according to the manufacturers recommendations. If interference occurs, it may be necessary to take additional precautions such as filtering of the public supply system. Consideration should be given to shielding the supply cable of permanently installed arc welding equipment, in metallic conduit or equivalent. Shielding should be electrically continuous throughout its length. The shielding should be connected to the welding power source so that good electrical contact is maintained between the conduit and the welding power source enclosure.
2 IEC/TS 62081: Arc welding equipment Installation and use.

BS EN 60974-10:2007
A.3.2

18

Maintenance of the arc welding equipment

The arc welding equipment should be routinely maintained according to the manufacturers recommendations. All access and service doors and covers should be closed and properly fastened when the arc welding equipment is in operation. The arc welding equipment should not be modified in any way, except for those changes and adjustments covered in the manufacturers instructions. In particular, the spark gaps of arc striking and stabilising devices should be adjusted and maintained according to the manufacturers recommendations. A.3.3 Welding cables

The welding cables should be kept as short as possible and should be positioned close together, running at or close to the floor level. A.3.4 Equipotential bonding

Bonding of all metallic objects in the surrounding area should be considered. However, metallic objects bonded to the work piece will increase the risk that the operator could receive an electric shock by touching these metallic objects and the electrode at the same time. The operator should be insulated from all such bonded metallic objects. A.3.5 Earthing of the workpiece

Where the workpiece is not bonded to earth for electrical safety, nor connected to earth because of its size and position, for example, ships hull or building steelwork, a connection bonding the workpiece to earth may reduce emissions in some, but not all instances. Care should be taken to prevent the earthing of the workpiece increasing the risk of injury to users or damage to other electrical equipment. Where necessary, the connection of the workpiece to earth should be made by a direct connection to the workpiece, but in some countries where direct connection is not permitted, the bonding should be achieved by suitable capacitance, selected according to national regulations. A.3.6 Screening and shielding

Selective screening and shielding of other cables and equipment in the surrounding area may alleviate problems of interference. Screening of the entire welding area may be considered for special applications.

19

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Annex B (informative) Limits


B.1 General

The limits given in the standards referred to in the normative part of the present standard are summarized in this annex for information. As some of the references refer to specific parts of tables of limits given in the referenced documents, only the applicable parts of those tables are duplicated.

B.2

Mains terminal disturbance voltage limits

Source: CISPR 11:2003 Table B.1 Mains terminal disturbance voltage limits, idle state
Frequency band MHz Quasi-peak 66 0,15-0,50 Class B dB V Average 56 79 66 Quasi-peak Class A dB V Average

Decreasing linearly with logarithm of frequency to 56 46 46

0,50-30

56

73

60

Table B.2 Mains terminal disturbance voltage limits, load conditions


Frequency band MHz Class B dB V Quasi-peak 66 0,15-0,50 Average 56 100 90 130 120 Class A dB V Quasi-peak Average Class A > 100 A dB V Quasi-peak Average
a

Decreasing linearly with logarithm of frequency to 56 46 46

0,50-5

56

86 90

76 80

125

115

5-30

60

50

Decreasing linearly with logarithm of frequency to 70 60

115

105

Applicable to equipment with mains supply currents I 1max in excess of 100 A per phase.

BS EN 60974-10:2007
B.3

20

Electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits

Source: CISPR 11:2003 Table B.3 Electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits, idle state
Frequency band MHz 30-230 230-1 000 Class B (at 10 m measuring distance) dB V/m 30 37 Class A (at 10 m measuring distance) dB V/m 40 47

Table B.4 Electromagnetic radiation disturbance limits, load conditions


Frequency band MHz 30-80,872 80,872-81,848 81,848-134,786 134,786-136,414 136,414-230 230-1 000 Class B (at 10 m measuring distance) dB V/m 30 50 30 50 30 37 Class A (at 10 m measuring distance) dB V/m 80 Decreasing linearly with logarithm of frequency to 60 60

B.4

Harmonic current limits

Sources: IEC 61000-3-2:2005 and IEC 61000-3-12:2004 Table B.5 Maximum permissible harmonic current for non professional equipment with input current I 1max 16 A
Harmonic order n Odd harmonics 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 n 39 Even harmonics 2 4 6 8 n 40 1,62 0,65 0,45 0,35 8/n 3,45 1,71 1,16 0,60 0,50 0,32 0,23 15/n Harmonic current A

21

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Table B.6 Current emission limits for professional equipment with I 1max 75 A other than balanced three-phase equipment
Admissible individual harmonic current I n / I 1 a % I3 33 66 120 250 350 21,6 24 27 35 41 I5 10,7 13 15 20 24 I7 7,2 8 10 13 15 I9 3,8 5 6 9 12 I 11 3,1 4 5 8 10 I 13 2 3 4 6 8 THD 23 26 30 40 47 Admissible harmonic current distortion factors % PWHD 23 26 30 40 47

Minimal R sce

NOTE 1 The relative values of even harmonics up to order 12 must not exceed 16/n %. Even harmonics above order 12 are taken into account in THD and PWHD in the same way as odd order harmonics. NOTE 2
a

Linear interpolation between successive R sce values are permitted.

I 1 = reference fundamental current; I n = harmonic current component.

Table B.7 Current emission limits for professional balanced three-phase equipment with I 1max 75 A
Admissible individual harmonic current I n / I 1 a % I5 33 66 120 250 350 10,7 14 19 31 40 I7 7,2 9 12 20 25 I 11 3,1 5 7 12 15 I 13 2 3 4 7 10 THD 13 16 22 37 48 Admissible harmonic current distortion factors % PWHD 22 25 28 38 46

Minimal R sce

NOTE 1 The relative values of even harmonics up to order 12 must not exceed 16/n %. Even harmonics above order 12 are taken into account in THD and PWHD in the same way as odd order harmonics. NOTE 2 Linear interpolation between successive R sce values are permitted.
a

I 1 = reference fundamental current; I n = harmonic current component.

Table B.8 Current emission limits for professional balanced three-phase equipment with I 1max 75 A under specified conditions
Admissible individual harmonic current I n /I 1 a % I5 33 120 10,7 40 I7 7,2 25 I 11 3,1 15 I 13 2 10 THD 13 48 Admissible harmonic current distortion factors % PWHD 22 46

Minimal R sce

NOTE 1 The relative values of even harmonics up to order 12 must not exceed 16/n %. Even harmonics above order 12 are taken into account in THD and PWHD in the same way as odd order harmonics. NOTE 2 Linear interpolation between successive R sce values are permitted.
a

I 1 = reference fundamental current; I n = harmonic current component.

BS EN 60974-10:2007

22

Table B.8 may be used (with balanced three-phase equipments) if any one of the following conditions is met. a) The phase angle of the 5th harmonic current related to the fundamental phase voltage is in the range of 90 to 150.
NOTE This condition is normally fulfilled by equipment with an uncontrolled rectifier bridge and capacitive filter, including a 3 % a.c. or 4 % d.c. reactor.

b) The design of the equipment is such that the phase angle of the 5th harmonic current has no preferential value over time and can take any value in the whole interval (0, 360).
NOTE This condition is normally fulfilled by converters with fully controlled thyristor bridges.

c) The 5th and 7th harmonic currents are each less than 5 % of the reference fundamental current.
NOTE This condition is normally fulfilled by "12-pulse" equipment.

B.5

Limits for voltage fluctuations and flicker

Sources: IEC 61000-3-3 and IEC 61000-3-11 Table B.9 Limits for arc welding equipment with I 1max 75 A
Maximum relative voltage change d max % 7
a

Relative steady-state voltage change d c a % 3,3

Short-term flicker indicator P st a

1,0

d c and P st limits are only applicable to equipment designed to be used for the manual metal arc (MMA) process.

The P st requirement is not applicable to voltage changes caused by manual switching. Equipment which does not meet the limits given in Table B.9 when tested or evaluated with the reference impedance given in IEC 61000-3-3 is subject to conditional connection, and the manufacturer may either a) determine the maximum permissible system impedance Z max at the interface point of the users supply in accordance with 6.3 of IEC 61000-3-11, and declare Z max in the instruction manual, or b) test the equipment in accordance with 6.2 of IEC 61000-3-11, and declare in the instruction manual that the equipment is intended for use only in premises having a service current capacity 100 A per phase.

____________

23

BS EN 60974-10:2007

Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies.

Publication IEC 60050-161

Year 1)

Title International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) Chapter 161: Electromagnetic compatibility International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) Chapter 851: Electric welding Arc welding equipment Part 1: Welding power sources Arc welding equipment Part 3: Arc striking and stabilizing devices Arc welding equipment Part 6: Limited duty manual metal arc welding power sources Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-2: Limits - Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current 16 A per phase) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-3: Limits - Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems, for equipment with rated current 16 A per phase and not subject to conditional connection Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-4: Limits - Limitation of emission of harmonic currents in low-voltage power supply systems for equipment with rated current greater than 16 A

EN/HD

Year

IEC 60050-851

1)

IEC 60974-1 IEC 60974-3 IEC 60974-6

1)

EN 60974-1 EN 60974-3 EN 60974-6 + corr. May EN 61000-3-2

2005 2007 2003 2005 2006

2)

1)

2)

1)

2)

IEC 61000-3-2

2005

IEC 61000-3-3 A1 A2

1994 2001 2005

EN 61000-3-3 + corr. July A1 A2

1995 1997 2001 2005

IEC/TS 61000-3-4

1)

1) 2)

Undat ed reference. Valid edition at date of issue.

BS EN 60974-10:2007
Publication IEC 61000-3-11 Year 2000

24
EN/HD EN 61000-3-11 Year 2000

Title Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-11: Limits - Limitation of voltage changes, voltage fluctuations and flicker in public low-voltage supply systems Equipment with rated current 75 A and subject to conditional connection

IEC 61000-3-12

2004

EN 61000-3-12 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 3-12: Limits - Limits for harmonic currents produced by equipment connected to public low-voltage systems with input current > 16 A and 75 A per phase Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) EN 61000-4-2 Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-3: Testing and measurement techniques - Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-4: Testing and measurement techniques - Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-5: Testing and measurement techniques - Surge immunity test Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4-6: Testing and measurement techniques - Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency fields EN 61000-4-3

2005

IEC 61000-4-2

1)

1995

2)

IEC 61000-4-3

1)

2006 2)

IEC 61000-4-4

1)

EN 61000-4-4

2004 2)

IEC 61000-4-5

1)

EN 61000-4-5

2006

2)

IEC 61000-4-6

1)

EN 61000-4-6 + corr. August

2007 2007

2)

IEC 61000-4-11

1)

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) EN 61000-4-11 Part 4-11: Testing and measurement techniques - Voltage dips, short interruptions and voltage variations immunity tests Industrial scientific and medical (ISM) radiofrequency equipment - Electromagnetic disturbance characteristics - Limits and methods of measurement EN 55011 3)

2004 2)

CISPR 11 (mod)

2003

2007

CISPR 14-1

1)

Electromagnetic compatibility - Requirements EN 55014-1 for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus Part 1: Emission

2006

2)

3)

EN 55011 includes A1:2004 to CISPR 11 (m od).

25
Publication CISPR 16-1-1 Year 1)

BS EN 60974-10:2007
Year 2) 2007

Title EN/HD Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-1-1 immunity measuring apparatus and methods Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Measuring apparatus Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-1-2 immunity measuring apparatus and methods Part 1-2: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Ancillary equipment Conducted disturbances Specification for radio disturbance and EN 55016-1-4 immunity measuring apparatus and methods Part 1-4: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus - Ancillary equipment Radiated disturbances

CISPR 16-1-2

1)

2004

2)

CISPR 16-1-4

1)

2007 2)

BS EN 60974-10:2007

26

Annex ZZ (informative) Coverage of Essential Requirements of EC Directives


This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CENELEC by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and within its scope the standard covers all relevant essential requirements as given in Annex I of the EC Directive 2004/108/EC. Compliance with this standard provides one means of conformity with the specified essential requirements of the Directive concerned. WARNING: Other requirements and other EC Directives may be applicable to the products falling within the scope of this standard. ___________

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BS EN 60974-10:2007

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