Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

Table 4.1 Rate of evaporation for various samples (Kumar and Kasturi Bai (2007)).

S.
no.

Time
(s)

Avg.
ambient
temp.
(C)

Avg.
water
temp.
(C)

Avg.
solar
ins.
(W/m2)

Avg.
wind
speed
(m/s)

Avg.
relative
humidity
(%)

Rate
of
evap.
(%)

6300

36.5

41.75

969.7

1.8

74

80.40

6300

36

40.58

940.5

1.8

73

82.83

7500

34

40.93

668.8

1.4

73

97.86

8400

33.7

38.87

508.87

1.2

72

98.32

9600

35

41.35

915.58

2.1

74

55.62

9900

34.5

41.17

844.86

2.4

75

58.27

11400

34.0

40.25

583.3

1.2

71

90.96

12300

33.0

38.33

468.67

1.1

69

97.93

9900

35

39.17

538.3

1.8

73

41.03

10

7400

34.9

38.28

934.9

2.4

75

69.88

11

11200

35.01

41.56

594.99

1.2

70

82.74

12

7400

35.32

42.57

909

1.1

74

91.91

Conditions
Tap water
(with cooling)
Tap water
(with cooling)
Tap water
(without cooling)
Tap water
(without cooling)
Seawater
(with cooling)
Sea water
(with cooling)
Seawater
(without cooling)
Seawater
(without cooling)
Dairy effluent
(with cooling)
Dairy effluent
(with cooling)
Dairy effluent
(without cooling)
Dairy effluent
(without cooling)

Table 4.2: Technical specifications of the solar still (Patel et al. (2011)).
Specifications Dimensions

Inclination of EGT 31

Number of EGT 14

Length of EGT, mm 1500

Inner diameter of EGT, mm 37

Outer diameter of EGT, mm 47

Specifications Dimensions

Inclination of EGT 31

Number of EGT 14

Length of EGT, mm 1500

Inner diameter of EGT, mm 37

Outer diameter of EGT, mm 47

Table 4.3: Technical specifications of the Evacuated glass tube (EGT) (Patel et al. (2011)).
Specifications Dimensions

Inclination of Glass 38

Basin area, m 1

Glass area, m 1.043

Glass depth, mm 5

Number of glass 1

Material M.S

Material of the paint FRP

Specifications Dimensions

Inclination of Glass 38

Basin area, m 1

Glass area, m 1.043

Glass depth, mm 5

Number of glass 1

Material M.S

Material of the paint FRP

Table 4.4: Effect of dye on daily distillation (Patel et al. (2011)).


Daily productivity for 10 cm
With dye Without
With dye Without
dye
dye
13173
10104

Dye
used
Black

Productivity
increase in
%
30.38

Blue

12679

10104

25.48

Read

11963

10104

18.40

Table 4.5 Amounts of fresh and hot water obtained from testing (Aybar et al. (2005)).
Test

Fresh water
(ml)

Bare plate:
1
2
3
4
Black cloth:
5
6
7
8
Black fleece:
9
10
11
12

Hot water
(ml)

Inlet water mass flow rate


(ml/min)

930
1265
830
1290

47,400
35,875
51,000
37,925

115.0
88.4
123.4
93.4

1705
1090
1180
1380

43,050
51,250
46,125
41,000

106.5
124.6
112.6
100.9

2565
2795
2995
2840

46,125
48,175
44,075
47,150

115.9
121.3
112.0
119.0

Table 4.6 Temperatures of water and air inside the cavity (in C) during the day (Aybar et
al. (2005)).
Bare plate

Black cloth

Black fleece

Time
Hot water

Air

Hot water

Air

Hot water

Air

09:00

40.9

46.9

39.2

45.1

40.6

45.1

10:00

52.2

50.0

42.9

39.9

47.4

45.7

11:00

57.6

55.3

44.7

42.2

49.5

47.5

12:00

57.4

55.5

47.9

45.4

53.9

48.7

13:00

56.4

54.8

49.1

47.1

51.1

47.3

14:00

53.1

51.3

46.3

43.7

49.8

46.1

15:00

48.0

44.7

40.4

38.8

47.1

44.4

16:00

41.0

38.6

39.4

37.7

44.7

42.1

Table 4.7 Performance of SBWSD at various angles with wick material (Senger et al.
(2011)).
Type
Impounding

Distilled water obtained


Winter
Summer
1610
1900

Wick type 10

1810

3400

Wick type 20

2050

3200

Wick type 30

2150

2750

Wick type 40

2300

2550