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Regular Print Paper-Based Accommodation

Theintentofthesesampletestmaterialsistoorientteachersandstudentstothetypesof questionsontheBiology1EOCAssessment.Byusingthesematerials,studentswhowillusethe regularprintpaperbasedaccommodationwillbecomefamiliarwiththetypesofitemsand responseformatstheywillseeonthepaperbasedformofthetest. Thesamplequestionsandanswersarenotintendedtodemonstratethelengthoftheactualtest, norshouldstudentresponsesbeusedasanindicatorofstudentperformanceontheactualtest. AdditionalinformationabouttestitemscanbefoundintheBiology1EOCAssessmentTestItem Specificationsathttp://fcat.fldoe.org/eoc/itemspecs.asp. TheBiology1EOCAssessmentandsamplequestionsandanswersarebasedonthe2007Next GenerationSunshineStateStandards. Theregularprintpaperbasedaccommodationsamplequestionsandthesampleanswersare onlyavailableonlineathttp://fcat.fldoe.org/eoc/.Computerbasedpracticetests(ePATs)are availableonlineatwww.FLAssessments.com/ePAT.

Biology 1 End-of-Course Assessment Sample Questions

DirectionsforAnsweringtheBiology1SampleQuestions
Markyouranswersinthisbooklet.YoumayrefertothePeriodicTableonpage3asneeded.

Thisisapictureofageneric4functioncalculatoranditsparts.

HELPFULHINTSFORUSINGAFOURFUNCTIONCALCULATOR
1. Readtheproblemverycarefully.Thendecidewhetherornotyouneedthecalculatortohelp yousolvetheproblem. 2. Whenstartinganewproblem,alwaysclearyourcalculatorbypressingtheon/clearkey. 3. IfyouseeanEinthedisplay,cleartheerrorbeforeyoubegin. 4. IfyouseeanMinthedisplay,clearthememoryandthecalculatorbeforeyoubegin. 5. Ifthenumberinthedisplayisnotoneoftheanswerchoices,checkyourwork. 6. Remember,yourcalculatorwillNOTautomaticallyperformthealgebraicorderofoperations. 7. Calculatorsmightdisplayanincorrectanswerifyoupressthekeystooquickly.Whenworking withcalculators,usecarefulanddeliberatekeystrokes,andalwaysremembertocheckyour answertomakesurethatitisreasonable. 8. Thenegativesignmayappeareithertotheleftortotherightofthenumber. 9. Whensolvingitems,waituntilthefinalsteptorounddecimalequivalentsand/or approximations.Focusonwhethertheitemspecifiesthedecimalplace,equivalentfraction, and/orpiapproximationneededfortheanswer.Inmostcases,frontendestimationand truncationarenotaccurateprocessesforestimation. 10. Alwayscheckyouranswertomakesurethatyouhavecompletedallofthenecessarysteps.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions 1. Ateamofecologistsobservedfeedingpatternsofseveralpopulationsinthe desert.Theenergypyramidshownbelowdepictsthefeedingpatternsthe ecologistsobserved. Whichofthefollowingbestexplainsthedifferenceintheamountofavailableenergy inthetrophiclevelsofthedesertecosystem?

Thereislessenergyavailableintheproducersbecausetheirtissuesareless densethanthoseathighertrophiclevels. Thereismoreenergyavailableinthesecondtrophiclevelbecauselessenergy isneededforhuntingcomparedtothehighertrophiclevels. Thereismoreavailableenergyinthebirdsofpreybecausetheyhavegreater musclemassforstoringenergythanorganismsinlowertrophiclevelshave. Thereislessavailableenergyinthefourthtrophiclevelbecauseofthelossof energythroughmetabolismineachofthelowertrophiclevels.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions

2. Waterisessentialforlife.Itsspecialpropertiesmakewaterthesinglemostimportant moleculeinplantlife.Whichofthefollowingpropertiesofwaterenableittomove fromtherootstotheleavesofplants?

A B C D

Waterexpandsasitfreezes. Waterisanexcellentsolvent. Waterexhibitscohesivebehavior. Waterisabletomoderatetemperatures.

Anosmosisinvestigationwasconductedusingchickeneggstorepresentcellswith 3. semipermeablemembranes.Themassofeacheggwasmeasuredtodeterminehow muchwaterdiffusedintooroutoftheeggs.Theeggswerefirstsoakedinvinegarto dissolvetheshell.Eacheggwasthenplacedinoneofthreedifferentsolutionsfor 24hours.Thetablebelowshowstheresultsoftheinvestigation.


OSMOSISINCELLS AverageMassof AverageMassof EggsBeforeSoaking EggsAfterSoaking (grams) (grams) 71.2 98.6 64.5 98.6 64.5 105.3 Differencein AverageMass (grams) 27.4 34.1 40.8 PercentChange inAverageMass +38.5 34.6 +63.3

Solution Vinegar (95%water) Cornsyrup (5%water) Distilledwater (100%water)

Basedonthisexperiment,whichofthefollowingshouldbeinferredaboutcellswith semipermeablemembranes?

A B C D

Substancesotherthanwatermayalsocrossthecellmembrane. Substancesotherthanwatermayblockporesinthecellmembrane. Waterentersthecellwhenplacedinenvironmentsofhighwaterconcentration. Waterleavesthecellwhenplacedinenvironmentswithalowconcentration ofsolutes.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions

4.

OneoftheacceptedscientifictheoriesdescribingtheoriginoflifeonEarthisknown aschemicalevolution.Accordingtothistheory,whichofthefollowingeventswould needtooccurfirstforlifetoevolve?

A B C D

onsetofphotosynthesis
originofgeneticmaterial

synthesisoforganicmolecules

formationoftheplasmamembrane

5.

Hemophiliaisasexlinked,recessivetrait.Whichofthefollowingdescribesthe probabilityofhemophiliaintheoffspringofamanwhodoesnothavehemophilia andawomanwhoisaheterozygouscarrier?

A B C D

Thereisa100%chancethattheirsonswillhavehemophilia.
Thereisa0%chancethattheirdaughterswillhavehemophilia.

Thereisa25%chancethattheirsonswillhavehemophilia.

Thereisa50%chancethattheirdaughterswillhavehemophilia.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions Forquestions6,7,and8,refertothefollowingpassageandillustration. Acellmembraneiscomposedofadoublelayeroflipidsinwhichmanykindsof proteinsareembedded.Manyoftheseproteinsactlikegates,allowingonlycertain particlestoenterorleavethecell.

Whenaparticlehastogoagainstitsconcentrationgradientthroughoneofthese gates,energyissuppliedbythecelltothecorrectproteintomovetheparticlethrough themembrane.Asodiumpotassiumionpumpisanexampleofatypeofcarrier proteinthatusesalargeportionofthecellsenergytomovesodiumionsthroughthe cellmembrane.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions 6. Thesodiumpotassiumionpumpfoundinsomecellmembranesismadeofwhichof thefollowingbasicstructuralcomponents?

A B C D

aminoacids fattyacids monosaccharides

nucleotides

7.

Whatisaprimaryfunctionofthecellmembrane?

A B C D

determininggenetictraits defendingagainstforeignparticles breakingdownproteinsforenergy generatingenergyfrommineralnutrients

8. Whydoesthestudyofcellmembranesleadtoabetterunderstandingof cellfunction?

A B C D

Allcellfunctionsoccurinthecellmembrane. Allenergytransfersoccuratthecellmembrane. Allcellmembranescontaintheinformationformakingproteins.


Allmaterialsneededforcellfunctionsmustpassthroughthecellmembrane.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions 9. Thescientifictheoryofevolutionissupportedbydifferenttypesofevidence.The diagramsbelowshowtheskeletonsoftwodifferentanimalspecies.

Howdoescomparingtheskeletonsoftheseanimalsprovidesupportforthescientific theoryofevolution?

A B C D

Itprovidesinformationabouttheorganismshabitats. Itshowspossiblecommonancestrybetweenorganisms. Itprovidesinformationtodeterminetheorganismsages. Itshowspossiblechromosomalsimilaritiesbetweenorganisms.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions 10. Thediagrambelowshowstherelationshipbetweenphotosynthesisandcellularrespirationand theorganellesinwhichtheyoccur.

Whichstatementdescribeshowphotosynthesisandcellularrespirationareinterrelated?

A B C

Oxygenisproducedduringcellularrespirationandstoredduringphotosynthesis. Carbondioxideandwaterreleasedbycellularrespirationareusedinphotosynthesis. Photosynthesisreleasestheenergythatisstoredduringtheprocessof cellularrespiration. Glucoseisusedduringcellularrespirationtoproducefoodthatisbrokendownduring photosynthesis.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation

Biology 1 EOC Assessment Sample Questions 11. Asfoodtravelsthroughthedigestivesystem,itisexposedtoavarietyofpHlevels. ThestomachhasapHof2duetothepresenceofhydrochloricacid(HCl),andthe smallintestinehasapHrangingfrom7to9.HClconvertspepsinogenintopepsin,an enzymethatdigestsproteinsinthestomach.Whichofthefollowingmostlikely happenstopepsinasitentersthesmall intestine ?

A B C D

Itbecomesinactive. Itbeginstoreplicate. Itsshapechangestoengulflargeproteins. Itsactivityincreasestodigestmoreproteins.

12. Genesformedicallyimportantproteinscanbeclonedandinsertedintobacteria,as showninthediagrambelow. Whycanbacteriarecognizeahumangeneandthenproduceahumanprotein?

A B C D

DNAreplicationinbacteriaandhumansisthesame. Bacterialcellscontainthesameorganellesashumancells. ThebasiccomponentsofDNAarethesameinhumansandbacteria. Bacterialcellsandhumancellscontainthesamekindofchromosomes.

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FloridaDepartmentofEducation



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