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Measuring words Food A bowl of rice A dish of spaghetti A pound of meat/cheese A piece of cake/pie A can of soup A box of cereal

A bag of flour A carton of ice cream A jar of peanut butter A loaf of bread A slice of bread/pizza A package of pasta A dash of salt A cube of ice A pack of gum A head of lettuce/cabbage An ear of corn A kernel of corn A grain of wheat/salt A stalk of celery A spear of asparagus A clove of garlic

Liquid A teaspoon of medicine A tablespoon of vinegar A glass of water A cup of coffee A pint of blood A quart of milk A half gallon of juice A gallon of punch A tank of gas A jug of lemonade A bottle of wine A keg of beer A shot of vodka A drop of rain

Personal items A bar of soap A tube of toothpaste A container of shampoo A stick of deodorant A bottle of perfume/cologne A roll of toilet paper A ball of cotton Sewing items A spool of thread A skein of yarn A yard/meter of ribbon A (square) foot/meter of fabric/cloth Stationery A piece of paper A pad of paper A roll of tape A stick/piece of chalk A bottle/tube of glue A jar of paste A pair of scissors

Notes: 1. Measure words can also be counted: one slice of toast, two slices of toast, etc. 2. Some items can be either count or non-count, depending on composition or arrangement. For example, A bar of chocolate (non-count [perceived as one solid item]) A box of chocolates (count [perceived as several individual items]) Count and Non-count Nouns in Context Non-count Nouns I'd like to buy some ____________. How much do you need? Let's see. Five ____s* should be enough. All right. Five____s of ________. Anything else? No, that will be all for today. *Use measure words with non-count nouns. For example: Three bottles of milk. Two cans of soda pop. A pound of ground beef. Count Nouns I'd like to buy some _______________s. How many do you need? Let's see. Five (of them) should be enough. All right. Five __________s. Anything else? No, that will be all for today.

TLC/LPF/D 16/ 1/4

2004TLC. ILLEGAL USE SHALL ATTRACT PENAL ACTION

Measure words can also be used for count nouns. For example: Four boxes of crackers. A package of cookies. Six pounds of apples. Or: Six apples Seven donuts Count nouns and Non-count nouns Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural. They can be used with numbers and quantifying expressions such as many, several, and few. One potato two potatoes several potatoes few potatoes

When used as subjects in present tense sentences, count nouns require the s form of the verb in the singular and the base form of the verb in the plural. The dog sleeps. The dogs sleep. The bear has large claws.

Non-count nouns have only one form. When used as subjects in present tense sentences, non-count nouns require the s form of the verb. Juice contains many vitamins. Honesty is the best policy.

Some nouns can be either count or non-count. Job experience is essential. Some experiences can be funny. Milk contains calcium. Two milks, please. (informal) Both count and non-count nouns can be quantified. That is, they can be used with expressions which divide them into parts or groups which can be counted. For example, Two apples One cookie milk sugar Two bags of apples A box of cookies Two cartons of milk A cup of sugar

Sometimes a non-count noun is used to indicate a group of items, whereas individual items within the group are countable. For example, Non-count Money Time Clothing Furniture Luggage Quantifiers
TLC/LPF/D 16/ 2/4

Count dollars, bills, fives, cents, dimes, coins years, months, days, hours, minutes dresses, pants, shirts, socks, shoes tables, chairs, sofas, lamps suitcases, briefcases, bags, carry-ons

2004TLC. ILLEGAL USE SHALL ATTRACT PENAL ACTION

All or none All (of) the people are here. 100% are here. Not all (of) the people are here. Less than 100% All (of) the people are not here. Not well defined. Could be ?not all? or ?none? None of the people are here. 0% Focus on "people" (are) Not any of the people are here. 0% Focus on "each" individual (is) Some, Most, Many, Several, Few, A Few, A lot of Some (of the) people are here. Focus: positive Some (of the) people are not here. Focus: negative Most of the people are here. Focus: positive Most of the people are not here. (uncommon) Many (of the) people are here. Focus: positive Many (of the) people are not here (uncommon) Not many (of the) people are here. Focus: negative. More people were expected. Several (of the) people are here Focus: positive A few (of the) people are here. Focus: positive. At least some are here. Few (of the) people are here. Focus: negative. More people were expected. A lot of (the) people are here. Focus: positive A lot of (the) people are not here. Focus: negative Not a lot of (the) people are here. Focus: negative. More people were expected. Three (of the) people are here. Focus: positive Three (of the) people are not here. Focus: negative Half of the people are here. Focus: positive 50% are here. Half of the people are not here. Focus: negative 50% are absent. Both, neither, one Both (of the) people are here. 100% are here. One of the people is here. Focus: positive One of the people is not here Focus: negative Neither of the people is here. Focus: negative Neither of the people are here. Focus: 100% are absent. (Very informal) In questions Are all of the people here? Yes, all of them are. Some of them are. Most of them are. No, none of them are. No, not many of them are. No, only some of them are. Are most of the people here? Are any of the people here? Yes, some of them are. Yes, most of them are. No, none of them are. Answers may differ depending on the questions: Is anyone here? Yes, I am. (X) No, Jim isn't here. Even if only one person is here, the answer is positive. (One person can answer for the whole group.) The answer can be negative only if 0% are here. For 1-100%, the answer is positive. Is everyone here? (X) Yes, I am. Yes, we (all) are. No, Jim isn't here. If even one person is not here, the answer is negative.
TLC/LPF/D 16/ 3/4

2004TLC. ILLEGAL USE SHALL ATTRACT PENAL ACTION

(One person cannot independently speak for the group.) The answer can be positive only if 100% are here. For 0-99%, the answer is negative. Other possibilities: Everyone but/except Bill is here. Most of us are here. Almost all of us are here. Count/Non-count equivalents All All All the people are here. Some Some Some people are here. A lot of A lot of A lot of people are here. Many Much Many people are here. Few A little None Little A few None Few people are here. A few people are here. None of the people are here. All the sugar is gone. Some of the sugar is gone. A lot of sugar is gone. Much of the sugar is gone. Is there much sugar left? There isn't much left. There's little sugar left. There's a little sugar left. None of the sugar is left.

TLC/LPF/D 16/ 4/4

2004TLC. ILLEGAL USE SHALL ATTRACT PENAL ACTION