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2008086

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P.O.BOX 111
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.

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VOLTAGE DROP& CABLE SIZING CALCULATIONS

Note:
Cable lengths used are for voltage drop calculations only. Actual length of the cables to be measured by the contractor.

Page 1 of 5
IES Project XXXXX Job ref.
Head Office Part of structure APARTMENT FOR SALE 2008086
P.0.Box 111 Date of Issue Sheet no.
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain Rev. No. 0 1 of 2
VOLTAGE DROP CALCULATIONS

Type (XLPE for Cable & CU /

% Voltage Drop Allowed (%)


Cable Size mm2 or Busduct

Cable size can be reduced?


Max. Voltage Drop allowed
Write "C" for Cable or "B"

Cable Derated Current (A)


Voltage drop within limit?

MCCB rating within load


Act. % Voltage Drop (%)

Installation Type. G/A/D


Voltage Drop/A/M (mV)
Operating Voltage (V)

Act. Voltage Drop (v)


Single/ Three Phase

ACB/ MCCB Rating

Current Rating (A)


Cable or Busduct
Number of Cores

MCCB Rating (A)


Cable

Load Current (A)


Number of Runs

AL for Busduct)
Cable From Connected To

Derating Factor
Cable/ Busduct
Load Current A
Ref.

Power Factor
Length ( Mt)
for Busduct

MD in KVA
TCL in KW

MD in KW

current?
Rating

(V)
A MP-AS1-001 TRANSFORMER 01 3 7 1 1000 C XLPE 400 30 1808 1158 1447 0.8 2500 0.160 0.3 1.2 2089 1.43 0.36 A 0.8 CHECK 8498 2089 2500 6798 OK CHECK 4

1 SMP-AS1-301 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 25 138 77 97 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 140 1.29 0.32 A 0.8 OK 353 140 250 282 OK NO 4

2 SMP-AS1-401 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 30 138 77 97 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 140 1.55 0.39 A 0.8 OK 353 140 250 282 OK NO 4

3 SMP-AS1-501 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 35 138 77 97 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 140 1.81 0.5 A 0.8 OK 353 140 250 282 OK NO 4

4 SMP-AS1-601 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 40 138 77 97 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 140 2.06 0.5 A 0.8 OK 353 140 250 282 OK NO 4

5 SMP-AS1-701 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 45 138 77 97 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 140 2.32 0.6 A 0.8 OK 353 140 250 282 OK NO 4

6 SMP-AS2-801 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 50 138 77 97 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 140 2.58 0.6 A 0.8 OK 353 140 250 282 OK NO 4

7 SMP-AS1-901 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 55 138 77 97 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 140 2.84 0.7 A 0.8 OK 353 140 250 282 OK NO 4

8 SMP-AS1-1001 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 60 152 84 106 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 152 3.38 0.8 A 0.8 OK 353 152 250 282 OK NO 4

9 SMP-AS1-1101 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 65 152 84 106 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 152 3.66 0.9 A 0.8 OK 353 152 250 282 OK NO 4

10 SMP-AS1-1201 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 70 C XLPE 400 70 72 42 52 0.8 160 0.60 2.0 8.0 75 3.16 0.8 A 0.8 OK 251 75 160 201 OK CHECK 4

11 SMP-AS1-1301 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 185 C XLPE 400 75 78 78 98 0.8 300 0.26 2.0 8.0 141 2.74 0.7 A 0.8 OK 463 141 300 370 OK CHECK 4

12 SMP-AS1-001 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 185 C XLPE 400 25 187 150 188 0.8 300 0.26 2.0 8.0 271 1.76 0.4 A 0.8 OK 463 271 300 370 OK CHECK 4

13 SMP-AS1-002 MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 95 C XLPE 400 25 104 83 104 0.8 200 0.45 2.0 8.0 150 1.68 0.4 A 0.8 OK 304 150 200 243 OK CHECK 4

12 SMP-AS1-B01-CHWP MP-AS1-001 3 1 4 95 C XLPE 400 40 95 95 119 0.8 200 0.45 2.0 8.0 171 3.09 0.8 A 0.8 OK 304 171 200 243 OK CHECK 4

15 SPARE

16 SPARE
IES Project XXXX Job ref.
Head Office Part of structure APARTMENT FOR SALE 2008086
P.0.Box 111 Date of Issue Sheet no.
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain Rev. No. 0 2 of 2
VOLTAGE DROP CALCULATIONS

Type (XLPE for Cable & CU /

% Voltage Drop Allowed (%)


Cable Size mm2 or Busduct

Cable size can be reduced?


Max. Voltage Drop allowed
Write "C" for Cable or "B"

Cable Derated Current (A)


Voltage drop within limit?

MCCB rating within load


Act. % Voltage Drop (%)

Installation Type. G/A/D


Voltage Drop/A/M (mV)
Operating Voltage (V)

Act. Voltage Drop (v)


Single/ Three Phase

ACB/ MCCB Rating

Current Rating (A)


Cable or Busduct
Number of Cores

MCCB Rating (A)


Cable

Load Current (A)


Number of Runs

AL for Busduct)
Cable From Connected To

Derating Factor
Cable/ Busduct
Load Current A
Ref.

Power Factor
Length ( Mt)
for Busduct

MD in KVA
TCL in KW

MD in KW

current?
Rating

(V)
A MP-AS1-002 TRANSFORMER 02 3 7 1 1000 C XLPE 400 30 1786 1166 1458 0.8 2500 0.160 0.3 1.2 2104 1.44 0.36 A 0.8 CHECK 8498 2104 2500 6798 OK CHECK 4

1 SMP-AS2-301 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 30 162 90 112 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 162 1.79 0.45 A 0.8 OK 353 162 250 282 OK NO 4

2 SMP-AS2-401 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 35 162 90 112 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 162 2.09 0.52 A 0.8 OK 353 162 250 282 OK NO 4

3 SMP-AS2-501 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 40 162 90 112 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 162 2.39 0.6 A 0.8 OK 353 162 250 282 OK NO 4

4 SMP-AS2-601 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 45 162 90 112 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 162 2.69 0.7 A 0.8 OK 353 162 250 282 OK NO 4

5 SMP-AS2-701 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 50 162 90 112 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 162 2.99 0.7 A 0.8 OK 353 162 250 282 OK NO 4

6 SMP-AS2-801 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 55 162 90 112 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 162 3.29 0.8 A 0.8 OK 353 162 250 282 OK NO 4

7 SMP-AS2-901 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 60 162 90 112 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 162 3.59 0.9 A 0.8 OK 353 162 250 282 OK NO 4

8 SMP-AS2-1001 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 50 C XLPE 400 65 38 23 29 0.8 125 0.87 2.0 8.0 41 2.33 0.6 A 0.8 OK 197 41 125 158 OK CHECK 4

9 SMP-AS2-1101 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 70 64 64 80 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 115 2.99 0.7 A 0.8 OK 353 115 250 282 OK NO 4

10 SMP-AS2-001 MP-AS1-002 3 1 4 120 C XLPE 400 25 152 132 165 0.8 250 0.37 2.0 8.0 238 2.20 0.6 A 0.8 OK 353 238 250 282 OK NO 4

11 EMP-AS1-001 MP-AS1-002 3 2 4 240 C XLPE 400 30 400 320 400 0.8 630 0.21 2.0 8.0 577 1.82 0.5 A 0.8 OK 1092 577 630 874 OK CHECK 4

12 SPARE

13 SPARE
1 Max. Voltage Drop Allowed (V)
V = Operating Voltage * % of Voltage Drop Allowed

2 Load Current (A)


A = Total Watts / 1.732 * Operating Voltage * Power Factor

3 Actual Voltage Drop (V)


1 Run Cable (V) = Voltage Drop/A/M * Load Current * Cable Length / 1000
2 Run Cable (V) = (Voltage Drop/A/M (Load Current / 2) Cable Length / 1000)

4 Max. Voltage Drop Allowed at Starting (V)


V = Operating Voltage * & of Voltage Drop Allowed at Starting

5 Actual Voltage Drop at Starting (V)


1 Run Cable (V) = Max. Voltage Drop Allowed * Motor Starting Current * Cable Length / 1000
2 Run Cable (V) = (Max. Voltage Drop Allowed (Motor Starting Current / 2) Cable Length / 1000)

6 Dearated Current (A)


A = load Current / 0.92 * 0.95 * 0.985 *0.84 * 0.8
IF(ISERROR(AVERAGE(A1:A4)),"No Numbers",AVERAGE(A1:A4))

Derating Factor Calculation for Cables


a) Cables directly buried in ground
Soil resitivity facor = 1.14
Ground temparature factor = 0.86
Depth of laying factor( for 0.6 mtr ) = 0.98
Group factor for Multicore cables = 0.84( 3 ckts)/ 0.77(6 ckts)
Overall Derating factor =1.14* 0.86 * 0.98 * 0.84 = 0.81( 3 ckts)
Overall Derating factor =1.14* 0.86 * 0.98 * 0.77= 0.74( 3 ckts)

b) Cables in ducts
Soil resitivity facor = 1.06
Ground temparature factor = 0.86
Depth of laying factor( for 0.6 mtr ) = 0.99
Group factor for Multicore cables = 0.93( 3 ckts)/ 0.9 (6 ckts)
Overall Derating factor =1.06 * 0.86 * 0.99 * 0.93 = 0.84 (3 ckts)
Overall Derating factor =1.06 * 0.86 * 0.99 * 0.9 = 0.81 (6 ckts)

c) For Cables in Air


Ambient temparature factor @40oC (inside building) = 0.91
Spacing factor (BS 7671 table 4B1) (4 ckts)= 0.88
Overall Derating factor = 0.91*0.88 = 0.8
VD/M
Area of Bus bar Ct. VD/A/M( (SQARE D) Area of
VD/A/M Ground Air Duct MCCB
Condr. @ 35oC mV) Cu @ 0.8 Condr.
P.F
2.5 16.400 34 25 17.5 800 0.108 0.09 10 1.5 1
4 10.200 47 34 23 1000 0.094 0.09 16 2.5 2
6 6.800 57 43 29 1200 0.069 0.08 20 4 3
10 4.000 82 60 39 1350 0.063 0.09 32 6 4
16 2.500 115 99 94 1600 0.053 0.09 40 10 5
25 1.650 150 131 125 2000 0.046 0.09 50 10 6
35 1.150 180 162 150 2500 0.033 0.08 63 16 7
50 0.870 215 197 175 3000 0.029 0.09 80 25 8
70 0.600 265 251 215 3200 0.025 0.08 100 35 9
95 0.450 315 304 260 4000 0.020 0.08 125 50 10
120 0.370 360 353 300 5000 0.015 0.08 160 70 11
150 0.300 405 406 335 200 95 12
185 0.260 460 463 380 225 120 13
240 0.210 530 546 440 250 150 14
300 0.185 590 628 495 300 185 15
400 0.165 667 728 570 350 240 16
500 0.180 770 918 620 * 400 300 17
630 0.170 840 1027 670 * 630 400 18
800 0.170 888 1119 692 * 800 500 19
1000 0.160 942 1214 735 * 1000 630 20
1600 630 21
* Single Core Cables 2000 630 22
3200 630 23
Incomer Breaker Ratings 4000 630 24
1 =< 7 kw 40 A 5000 630 25
7.1 to
63 A 26
2 11kw
11. 1 to 14
80 A 27
3 kw
14.1 to
100 A 28
4 17.5 kw
17.6 to 22
125 A 29
5 kw
22.1 to 28
160 A 30
6 kw
28.1 to 35
200 A 31
7 kw