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In-Class Packet for Gases

1. Rationalize and explain the following


a. Aerosol cans will explode if heated.

b. You can drink through a soda straw.

c. A thin-walled can will collapse when the air inside is removed by a


vacuum pump.

2. Figure 5.2 shows a picture of a barometer. Which of the following statements


is the best explanation of how this barometer works

a. Air pressure outside the tube causes the mercury to move in the tube
until the air pressure inside and outside the tube is equal.
b. Air pressure inside the tube causes the mercury to move in the tube
until the air pressure inside and outside the tube is equal.
c. Air pressure outside the tube counterbalances the weight of the
mercury in the tube
d. Capillary action of the mercury causes the mercury to go up the tube
e. The vacuum that is formed at the top of the tube holds up the mercury.
3. Freon-12 (CF2Cl2) is commonly used as the refrigerant in central home air
conditioners. The system is initially charged to a pressure of 4.8 atm.
Express this pressure in each of the following units (1 atm = 14.7 psi).
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a. mm Hg

b. torr

c. Pa

d. psi

4. What pressure in kilopascals and in atmospheres does a gas exert at 385 mm


Hg?

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5. If a 1.00 L sample of a gas at 50.0 torr is put under pressure up to a value of
100 torr at a constant temperature, what is the new volume?

6. The pressure on a 500 mL sample of gas is decreased from 1000 mmHg to


800mmHg. What will the new volume of the gas be?

7. A 10.0 L sample of a gas is collected at 300 K and then cooled by 100K. The
pressure is held constant at 1.20 atm. Calculate the new volume of the gas.

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8. A gas has a volume of 0.6 L at 27.0 °C and 1.00 atm pressure. What is the
temperature inside a container where this gas has a volume of 0.5 L at 1.00
atm?

9. A gas at 25 °C in a closed container has its pressured raised from 150 atm to
160 atm. What is the final temperature of the gas?

10.A gas exerts a pressure of 900 mmHg at 20 °C. What temperature would be
required to lower the pressure to 1.00 atm?

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11.0.044 mol of a gas at 331 °C is at a pressure of 455 torr. What is the volume
of this gas?

12.Assuming ideal behavior, how many moles of helium gas are in a sample that
has a volume of 8.12 L at a temperature of 0.00 °C and a pressure of 1.20
atm?

13.A sample of solid weighing 0.100 g was vaporized at 350 °C and 1.00 atm
pressure to produce 19.2 mL of vapor. Calculate a value for the molar mass
of the solid.

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14.Calculate the number of moles of hydrogen present, in a 0.641 L mixture of
Hydrogen and water vapor, at 21 °C, that has a total pressure of 750 torr,
given that the vapor pressure of water at this temperature is 20.0 torr.

15.Assuming STP, calculate the mass of ammonium chloride required to produce


11.6 L of ammonia gas in the reaction below.
NH4Cl(s) + Ca(OH)2  NH3(g) + CaCl2(s) + H2O(g)

16.Assuming STP, calculate the volume of carbon dioxide gas produced when
9.85 g of barium carbonate is completely decomposed in the reaction below.
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BaCO3(s)  BaO(s) + CO2(g)

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