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STT 351 HW on Ch 4

0.1 Questions:

1. If X is a continuous random variable, and c is any number, then P (X = c) = . 0. 2. If Z is a standard normal random variable, then P (Z 2.0) = = 1 P (Z 2) = .0228 3. If Z is a standard normal random variable, then P (1.61 Z 1.61) = = (1.61) (1.61) = .9463 .0537 = .8926. 4. The 90th percentile of the standard normal distribution is (.1.28) = .8997. 5. In your textbook, the author used the notation z . z.07 is identical to percentile of standard normal. 93rd percentile. 6. Numerical value of z.17 is (.95) = .83. 7. If the population distribution of a variable is approximately normal, then about of the values are within one standard deviation of the mean. 68 % 8. The expected value of a random variable X having a gamma distribution with param. eters = .3 and = 2 is E (X ) = = .6. 9. The variance of a random variable X having a gamma distribution with parameters = .3 and = 2 is . V (X ) = 2 = 1.2. 10. The mean of a random variable X having the chi-squared distribution with 3 degrees of freedom is . E (X ) = = 3. % . th . . .

2 11. The variance of a random variable X having the chi-squared distribution with 5 degrees of freedom is . V (X ) = 2 = 10. 12. If X is a normally distributed random variable with a mean of 10 and standard deviation of 4, then the probability that X is between 6 and 16 is .

10 10 ) ( 6 ) = (1.5) (1) = .9332 .1587 = .7745. P (6 X 16) = ( 16 4 4

13. If X is a normally distributed random variable with a mean of 25 and a standard deviation of 8, then the probability that X exceeds 20 is approximately .

25 P (X > 20) = 1 ( 20 = 1 (.625) = 1 .2643. 8

14. If X is a normally distributed random variable with a mean of 80 and a standard deviation of 12, then 80th percentile of X is .

80 We have ( x ) = .8, and (.84) = .8 from the table. So 12 that x = 90.08. x80 12

15. If the probability density function of a continuous random variable X is f ( x) = (a) Determine the value of k . Since any pdf have to integrate up to 1, we have 2k = 1, and thus k = 1/2.

2 0

kx 0

0x2 otherwise

1.5 1

kxdx =

x2 1.5 | 4 1

= .3125.

x

F (x) =

0

ktdt =

0 1

x2 4

if x < 0 if 0 x 2 if 2 < x

(d) Calculate E (X ). E (X ) =

2 0

xkxdx =

x3 2 | 6 0

= 8/6.

(e) Calculate V (X ). E (X 2 ) =

2 0

(f) Calculate 55th percentile of X . If is the 55th percnetile, then F () = .55. Then from part c), we have 2 /4 = .55, which means = sqrt(.55)4 = .1.48.

16. The time X (minutes) for a lab assistant to prepare the equipment for a certain experiment is believed to have a uniform distribution with A = 20 and B = 30. (a) Write the pdf of X and sketch its graph. f (x) =

1 10

20 Using CDF formula for UNIF(20,30), P (X > 27) = 1 P (X 27) = 1 2710 = .3. Or you can get the answer by looking at the graph of f (x).

4 (c) Find the preparation mean time, then calculate the probability that preparation is within 2 minutes of the mean time? Mean is E (X ) = 25. So within 2min of the mean is P (23 X 27) = .4.

(d) For any a such that 20 < a < a + 2 < 30, what is the probability that preparation time is between a and a + 2 minutes? P (a X a + 2) =

a+2 1 dx 10 a

(a+2)a 10

= .2.

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