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William Landry

Science
Probability: Hybrid Cross/ Incomplete Dominance Lab
4-16-09

Requirements
1. Group Data & Class Data
2. Mean, Mode, & Range Charts
3. 2 Bar Graphs hybrid cross & incomplete dominance
4. Ratio Calculation Chart
5. 2 Split Bar Graphs
6. 2 Pie Graphs
7. Questions
Lab Questions
1. How does the mean for RR, Rr, and rr compare to each other?
The mean for RR, Rr, and rr comparisons are that RR added to rr equals Rr so each RR and
rr are equal to 25% while Rr is equal to 50%
2. How does the class data for the hybrid cross compare to the class data for the incomplete
dominance cross?
The class data for hybrid cross compares to the class data for incomplete dominance by
the fact that the hybrid column always had the highest data and that the largest difference
between the two RR columns was 5 [Group 4 Hybrid-25, Incomplete Dominance-30].
3. Hybrid ratio graph: Which data RR, Rr, or rr has the most consistent numbers?
In the hybrid ratio graph the category with the most consistent numbers out of RR, Rr, or
rr is Rr all with 1.
4. How does the range compare for the hybrid and incomplete dominance?
The range for the hybrid and incomplete dominance comparisons are that both RR and Rr
or RW for both hybrid and incomplete dominance have 12 for the range and then WW [18] is
twice as much as rr [9].
5. 2 ratio bar graphs: Write 2 graph observations that compare the 2 graphs
Two observations about the ration bar graphs are that both Rr and RW are at one for all
seven groups [each group divided the other number into the hybrid number]. Another
observation is that with either RR rr or RR and RW the numbers if they were large would not
necessarily be that for the other data on the same graph.
6. Hybrid pie graph: Which category has the lowest percent? Which has the highest?
In the hybrid pie graph the category with the lowest percent is a four way tie between the
categories 15-20, 31-35, 41-45, & 56-60 all with only 5 percent. The category with the highest
percent is 21-25 with 38 percent.
7. Incomplete dominance pie graph: Which category has the lowest percent? Which has the
highest?
In the incomplete dominance pie graph the category with the lowest percent are 41-45 &
56-60 with both 5 percent. The category with the highest percent is 21-25 with 24 percent.
8. Graph observation: Compare 2 pie graphs
A comparison between both the hybrid and the incomplete dominance is that in both
graphs the category 21-25 is the highest. Another comparison is that neither graph has the
category 36-40.
9. Graph observation: Compare 2 bar graphs mean, mode, & range.
A comparison between the two mean, mode, and range graphs is that the hybrid always
the highest in the mean category [hybrid: RR 25, Rr 50, rr 25 & Incomplete dominance:
RR 24, RW 50, WW 26]. Another comparison is that in the hybrid graph the only category
with a total in the mode section is rr [24] and then on incomplete dominance graph ww is the
only category with nothing [same category position].
10. Explain why Rr and RW were almost always in 2:1 ration with the other gene combinations
The reason why Rr and RW were almost always in the 2:1 with the other gene
combinations is because there were more possible chances of flipping the coins and them
landing on different letter that the same one this is because if you have two coins and each has
one side labeled R and the then the other labeled rr[or W] then there is only a 25% chance that
they both will land on the same side, while there is a 50% chance that they will land on
different sides.