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Bayqooneeyah's Poem for the science of Hadeeth


By Shaykh Umar ibn Muhammad Al-Bayqoonee (1080H)
Translated by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Lamont Battle
Doha,Qatar 1433

I begin by praising Allah and offering Salutations on


Muhammad the best Prophet ever sent

There are numerous categories of Hadeeth


And every category of hadeeth has its meaning

The first category is Saheeh and its a hadeeth with a connected


Chain, free from being Shath or having Illa

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A reliable precise person narrates it from a person like himself,


Who is reliable in his precision and in his narration.

Hasan is a hadeeth whose chains are known,


But the men in the chain arent as well known as Sahih.

Every hadith that falls short from the degree of Hasan


Is Ad- Da'eef, and its categories are many

A hadith attributed to the Prophet is Marf'u


And that which is attributed to the Tab'I is Maqtu'

Musnad is that which the isnad is connected from


Its narrator up to the chosen one and it isnt broken

And in every chain the narrator hears and connects


His chain up to the chosen one is M'utasil
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Say the Musalsal is hadith narrated with a description


For example, Wallahi, the youngster informed me

Likewise, he narrated to me while standing


Or after he narrated to me he smiled

Azeez is a narration from two or three people


Mashoor is a narration with more than three people

Mu'an'an is like from Sa'eed from Karam


And Mubham is that which the narrator's name isnt mentioned

Every hadith with few men is 'Ala


And the opposite of 'Ala is Nazala

Whatever you attribute to the companions by way of,


Speech and actions, then its known as Mawquf
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And Mursal is when the companion is omitted


And say Ghareeb is when there is only one narrator.

Every hadith that isnt connected in any structure


Of its chain is (Munqati') broken in connection

Al-Mu'dal is the omission of two people


And Mudallas comes in two types

The first is the removal of the Shaykh and to,


Narrate from someone beyond him saying," this and that "

The second kind, the narrator doesnt omit his shaykh but he describes
The shaykh by traits he isnt known by

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The hadith which the narrator contradicts the group


Is Shath, and al- Maqlub are the following two types

Replacing a narrator with another is one kind


And adding a chain to a hadith text is another kind

Al-Fard is restricting a hadith to a trustworthy person


Or to region, or particular narrator

That which is obscure or has a hidden defect


Mu'allal, with the people it's known

Various contradictions in the chain or the text is,


Mudtarib , with the experts

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Al-Mudrij in the hadith is which comes


From some wordings the narrator adds

That which a contemporary narrates from his brother


Is Muddabbaj, comprehend it well and be proud

Agreeing in pronunciation and spelling is Muttafiq


And the opposite of what we mentioned is Al-Muftariq

Mu'talif only agrees with the spelling


And its opposite is Mukhtalif, so be aware of the error

Al-Munkar is a narrator narrates alone


His praised status doesnt allow him to be alone in his narration

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It's Matruk when the narrator is alone in the narration


And the scholars have agreed that he is weak, so it's like rejected

A fabricated lie invented


On the Prophet is Al-Mawdu'

It has arrived like a hidden Jewel


I have named it Al-Bayqoonee poem

More than thirty four lines


Divided up, sealed and complete with goodness

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