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# Complex Numbers

1. If the cube roots of unity be 1, , 2, then the roots of the equation, (x - 1)3 + 8 = 0 are : (A) - 1, 1 + 2, 1 + 22 (B) - 1, 1 - 2, 1 - 22 (C) - 1, - 1, - 1 (D) None of these 6.

1 If z 1 & z 2 are any two complex numbers then z1 + z 2 equal to : (A) 2 z1 (C) z1 7.
2 2

+ z1 z 2
2

is
2

z2

(B) 2 z1

+ 2 z2

+ z2

(D) 2 z 1

z2

2.

2
(A)

3 =

(B) -

If z = x + iy and =

1 iz , then zi

(C) i 6 3.

## (D) None of these

The inequality z - 4 < z - 2 represents the region given by : (A) Re (z) > 0 (B) Re (z) < 0 (C) Re (z) > 2 (D) None of these If z 1 and z2 are two non-zero complex numbers such that, z 1 + z 2 = z 1 + z 2 , then Arg(z1) Arg(z2) is : (A) - (B) (D) 0 8.

= 1 implies that : (A) z lies on the imaginary axis (B) z lies on the real axis (C) z lies on the unit circle (D) None of these If x + iy =
a 2 + b2 c2 + d 2 c2 + d 2 a 2 + b2

4.

(B)
a+b c+d

(A)

2
9.

(C) 2
5. If

(C)

## (D) None of these

2 z1 3 z2

is a purely imaginary

number, then

z1 z 2 is equal to : z1 + z 2
(B) 1 (D)

The points 1 + 3i, 5 + i and 3 + 2i in the complex plane are : (A) vertices of a right angled triangle (B) collinear (C) vertices of an obtuse angled triangle (D) vertices of an equilateral triangle

(A) (C)

3 2 2 3

10. The complex numbers, sin x + i cos 2x and cos x - i sin 2x are conjugate to each other for : (A) x = n (C) x = 0

4 9

1 (B) x = n + 2
(D) No value of x

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## (1+ i)x 2i + (2 3i) y + i

3+i 3i

(A) 3 (C) 1

(B) 0 (D) 2

=i

are : (A) x = - 1, y = 3 (B) x = 3, y = - 1 (C) x = 0, y = 1 (D) x = 1, y = 0 12. If z is a complex number, then the minimum value of z + z - 1 is : (A) 1 (B) 0 (C)

17. For any two complex numbers z1 & z2 and any real numbers a & b ;

(a z1 b z2 )
(A) (a2 + b 2) (B) (a2 + b2)
2 2

+
1

( b z1 + a z2 )
+ z2
2

1 2

(z (C) (a + b ) ( z
2i

(z

)
2 2

1 2

+ z2 z2

) )

3 + 4i = 2 4i

## (D) None of these 18. If z = 4 and arg z = (A) 2

13.

1 3 + 1 2i 1 + i

5 , then z = 6

(A)

1 9 + i 2 2

(B)

1 9 i 2 2

(B) 2 3 + 2i (C) 2 3 + 2i

1 9 i (C) 4 4

1 9 + i (D) 4 4

(D)

3 +i

14. The points z1, z2, z 3, z4 in the complex plane are the vertices of a parallelogram taken in order, if and only if : (A) z1 + z4 = z 2 + z3 (B) z1 + z3 = z 2 + z4 (C) z1 + z2 = z 3 + z4 (D) None of these 15.

19. Area of the triangle formed by the points z, iz and z + iz is : (A) 2 z (C) 20. z
2 2

(B)

1 2

## (D) None of these

8 6i = (A) 1 3 i (C) (1 + 3 i)

(B) (1 - 3 i) (D) (3 - i)

(A) 2 n (C) n

(B) n +

## 16. If & are imaginary cube roots of

1 unity, then 4 + 4 + =

## (D) None of these

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1 3 + 5 cos

## 26. The product of all the roots of

(B)

1 5 3 cos

cos

+ i sin 3 3

3/ 4

, is : (B) 1 (D) -

(A) - 1 (C) 3

1 (C) 3 5 cos

1 (D) 5 + 3 cos

1 2

1 + i 22. If 1 i

27.

(A) (B) (C) (D)

is equal to :

## cos - i sin cos 9 - i sin 9 sin - i cos sin 9 - i cos 9

24. Let the complex numbers z 1, z2 & z3 be the vertices of an equilateral triangle . Let z0 be the circumcentre
2 2 of the triangle, then z1 + z2 2 + z3 =

28. If 1, , 2, 3, ...... , n - 1 are the n, nth roots of unity, then (1 - ) (1 - 2) ...... (1 - n - 1) equals : (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) n (D) n2 29. The real values of x & y for which the equation, (x + i y) (2 - 3 i) = 4 + i is satisfied, are : (A) x = 5 , y = 8

(A) z 2 0 (C) 3 z 2 0

(B) - z 2 0 (D) - 3 z 2 0

13

13

(B) x = 8 , y = 5

13

13

## 25. The solution of the equation, z z = 1 + 2 i is :

(C) x = 5 , y = 14

13

13

3 (A) 2 i 2

3 (B) + 2i 2

(D) None of these 30. If x = a + b, y = a + b, & z = a + b , where & are complex cube roots of unity, then xyz = (A) a2 + b2 (B) a 3 + b3 (C) a3 b3 (D) None of these

3 - 2i (C) 2

3 (D) - 2 + i 2

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4 31. If x = a + b, y = a + b2, z = a2 + b, then the value of x3 + y3 + z3 equals (B) 3 (a 3 + b3) (A) a3 + b3 2 2 (C) 3 (a + b ) (D) None of these 32. The value of,
a + b + c 2 a + b + c 2 + a + a + b2 b + c + a 2

(B) a = b = 2 -

3 3

## will be : (A) 1 (C) 2 33. The value of

6 k=1

37. A point z moves on Argand diagram in such a way that z - 3 i = 2, then its locus will be : (A) y - axis (B) A straight line (C) A circle (D) None of these 38. If A, B, C are represented by 3 + 4 i , 5 - 2 i , - 1 + 16 i , then A, B, C are: (A) collinear (B) vertices of equilateral triangle (C) vertices of isosceles triangle (D) vertices of right angled triangle 39. If - 1 + (A) z 21 3 z (C)

(B) - 1 (D) - 2

sin

2 k 2 k i sin 7 7

is:

(A) - 1 (C) - i

(B) 0 (D) i

## 3 = rei , then is equal to

(B) (D) -

34. If three complex numbers are in A.P. then they lie on : (A) A circle in the complex plane (B) A straight line in the complex plane (C) A parabola in the complex plane (D) None of these 35. If the complex numbers z 1 , z 2 , z 3 represent the vertices of an equilateral triangle such that, z1 = z2 = z3, then z1 + z2 + z 3 = (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) - 1 (D) None of these 36. If a & b are real numbers between 0 and 1 such that the points z1 = a + i , z 2 = 1 + bi and z 3 = 0 form an equilateral triangle, then : (A) a = b = 2 +

3 2 3

## 40. For any complex number z,

if an only if : (A) z is a pure real number (B) z = 1 (C) z is a pure imaginary number (D) z = 1 41. Let z1 & z2 be two complex numbers with & as their principal arguments such that + > , then principal arg (z1 z2) is given by : (A) + + (B) + (C) + 2 (D) +

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5
z1 = 1, is zi

42. The locus of z given by (A) a circle (C) a straight line 43. The (A) (B) (C)

48. Suppose Z1, Z 2, Z3 are the vertices of an equilateral triangle inscribed in the circle Z = 2 . If Z1 = 1 + i 3 , then values of Z3 and Z2 are respectively : (A) 2, 1 i (B) 2, 1 + i

## true statement is : 1-i<1+i 2i + 1 > - 2i + 1 (D) None of these 2i > 1

3 3

(C) 1 + i 3 , - 2 (D) None of these 49. The values of z for which, z + i = z - i are : (A) Any real number (B) Any complex number (C) Any natural number (D) None of these 50. If ( 1) is a cube root of unity and (1 + )7 = A + B , then A and B are respectively, the numbers : (A) 0, 1 (B) 1, 0 (C) 1, 1 (D) - 1, 1 4 51. If ( 1) is a cube root of unity, then
2 1 1 + i + 2 2 1 equals: 1 i 1 i i + 1 1

z z1 z z2

## , then the value of 4

(B) 2 2 (D) 2 3

z - 7 - 9 i is equal to : (A)

(C) 3 2

45. If is a complex cube root of unity, then the positive integral value of n, the product of , 2, 3, .....n, will be : (A)

1 i 3 2 (C) 1

(B) -

## 1 i 3 2 (D) (B) & (C) both

46. The value of (1 + i)5 (1 - i)5 is : (A) - 8 (B) 8 i (C) 8 (D) 32 47. If x = - 5 + 2 , then the value of

(A) 0 (C)

(B) 1 (D) i

## the expression, x4 + 9 x3 + 35 x2 x + 4 is : (A) 160 (B) - 160 (C) 60 (D) - 60

52. Let z & be the two non-zero complex numbers such that z = and arg z + arg = . Then z is equal to : (A) (B) (C) (D)

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6 53. If & are different complex 59. If 1, , 2 are the three cube roots of unity, then (3 + 2 + 4)6 = (A) 64 (B) 729 (C) 2 (D) 0 60. (1 + 2) (1 2 + 4) (1 4 + 6) ...... to 2n factors is : (A) 2n (B) 2 2n (C) 0 (D) 1 61. The following in the form of A + iB (cos 2 + i sin 2) 5 (cos 3 i sin 3) 6 (sin + i cos )3 is : (A) (cos 25 + i sin 25 ) (B) i (cos 25 + i sin 25 ) (C) i (cos 25 - i sin 25 ) (D) (cos 25 - i sin 25 ) 62. If (cos + i sin ) (cos 2 + i sin 2) ..... (cos n + i sin n) = 1, then the value of is : (A) 2 + i)4 m ( 1 + i) ( 1 (3 + i) 4m (C) n ( n + 1) (B) (D)
2m n (n + 1)
m n ( n + 1)

## numbers with = 1, then is equal to : (A) 0 (C) 1 (B)

1 2

(D) 2

54. i2 + i4 + i6 + ...... upto (2n + 1) terms = (A) i (B) - i (C) 1 (D) - 1 55. The value of (- i)1/3 is : (A)

1 + 3i 2

(B)

1 3i 2 3i 2

(C)

3i 2

(D)

56. Let z and be two complex numbers such that z 1, 1 and z + i = z i = 2 . Then z is equal to : (A) 1 or i (C) 1 or - 1
i

(B) i or - i (D) i or - 1

57. Real part of e e is : (A) ecos [cos (sin )] (B) ecos [cos (cos )] (C) esin [sin (cos )] (D) esin [sin (sin )]

## 63. Find the complex number z satisfying the equations,

z 12 5 z4 = , =1 z 8i 3 z8

(A) 6 (B) 6 8 i (C) 6 + 8 i , 6 + 17 i (D) None of these 64. If 1, , 2 are three cube roots of unity, then (a + b + c 2)3 + (a + b2 + c)3 is equal to, if a + b + c = 0 (A) 27 abc (B) 0 (C) 3 abc (D) None of these

58.
1 (A) - 2 (C) 1

=
1 (B) 2

(D) - 1

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7
1 + cos + i sin 65. If i + sin + i cos
4

70. If z 1 , z 2 , z 3 , z 4 are the roots of the equation z4=1, then value of (A) 0 (C) i (B) 1 (D) 1 + i is:

cos n + i sin n, then n is equal to : (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 66. The common roots of the equations, x12 - 1 = 0 , x4 + x2 + 1 = 0 are : (A) (B) 2 2 (C) , (D) None of these 67. For positive integers n 1, n 2 value of the expression,

71. If

(1 + i) n

3 + 1+ i

c+i = a + ib, where a, b, c are ci real, then a2 + b 2 = (A) 1 (B) - 1 (C) c2 (D) - c 2

n1

1 + i5

n2

7 + 1+ i

n2

, where i =

## 72. If i2 = - 1, then the value of (A) 50 (C) 0 (B) - 50 (D) 100

n=1

200

= in is

is a real number if and only if : (A) n 1 = n2 + 1 (B) n1 = n 2 - 1 (C) n1 = n2 (D) n1 > 0, n2 > 0 68. The value of the expression, 1. (2 ) (2 2) + 2.(3 ) (3 2) + ........ + (n 1).(n ) (n 2), where is anb imaginary cube root of unity, is :
1 (A) 2 (n - 1) n (n2 + 3n + 4)

73. If is an inaginary cube root of unity, then for n N, the value of z3 i 3n + 1 + 3n + 3 + 3n + 5 is : i =1 (A) - 1 (B) 0 (C) 1 (D) 3 z4 ANSWERS 3. D 4. D 9. B 10. D 15. B 16. B 21. D 22. B 27. D 28. C 33. D 34. B 39. C 40. B 45. D 46. D 51. A 52. D 57. A 58. C 63. C 64. A 69. B 70. A

(B)

1 4

(n - 1) n (n 2 + 3n + 4)

1 (n + 1) n (n2 + 3n + 4) (C) 2
2 (D) 1 4 (n + 1) n (n + 3n + 4)

69. The equation, z z + (2 - 3i) z + (2 + 3i) + 4 = 0 represents a circle of radius : (A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 4 (D) 6

1. B 7. B 13. D 19. B 25. C 31. B 37. C 43. D 49. A 55. D 61. C 67. D 73. B

2. B 8. A 14. B 20. C 26. B 32. B 38. A 44. C 50. C 56. C 62. C 68. B

5. B 11. B 17. B 23. C 29. C 35. A 41. C 47. B 53. C 59. A 65. D 71. A

6. B 12.A 18.C 24.C 30.B 36.B 42.C 48.A 54.D 60.B 66.C 72.C

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