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UTRAN Procedures

Elementary procedures Paging RRC connection setup Transaction reasoning Authentication and security control Transaction setup with RAB allocation Transaction clearing and RAB release RRC connection release RRM procedures Radio link addition and deletion Intersystem handover from UMTS to GSM (CS/PS) UE state transitions/ bearer reconfiguration
MM procedures -> see MM slides CM procedures -> see CM slides
References: Kaaranen ch. 10 (simple cases discussed here) 3GPP TR 25.931 (more complicated cases)
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

Basic Model of UMTS Network Transactions


Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment) Authentication and Security Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release
UMTS Networks

A transaction comprises all the elementary procedures required to enable the transport of user data (PS or CS mode) or the exchange of higher-layer signaling messages (e.g. MM or CM)

UE indicates the CN the requested service Allocation of bearers to support required UMTS bearer service Transfer of data Release of all bearers to support UMTS bearer service
Oct-11

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

UE RRC Connected States


optional
C e ll F A C H

D a ta a c tiv ity Low tr a ff ic

H ig h tr a ff ic o r C S c a ll

N o d a ta

D y n a m ic R B N o d a ta URA PCH D a ta a c tiv ity C e ll D C H r e c o n f ig u r e

Cell_DCH Dedicated Traffic and Control carried over DCH Cell_FACH Dedicated Traffic and Control carried over RACH/ FACH URA_PCH No air interface resources required, dormant RB UE receives paging on UTRAN Routing Area (URA) basis rather than standard routing area (RA); URA usually in the order of 10 cells
Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

UMTS Networks

Paging

Paging
Paging type 1: UE idle mode (no RRC connection) RRC connected modes cell_PCH or URA_PCH Example: paging for a UE in idle mode

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UE

N ode B 1 .1

N ode B 2 .1

RNC 1

RNC 2

CN

1 . P a g in g RANAP RANAP

RANAP

1 . P a g in g RANAP

(Requesting CN domain, IMSI, ...)


2 . P C C H : P a g in g T yp e 1

3 . P C C H : P a g in g T yp e 1

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

Paging

Paging
Paging type 2: UE is in RRC connected mode cell_DCH or cell_FACH Paging request from another CN domain Example: paging for a UE in RRC Connected Mode (CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH state)
UE S e r v in g RNC

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

CN

RANAP

1.

P a g in g

RANAP

2 . D C C H : P a g in g T y p e 2 RRC RRC

2 cases:
UTRAN coordinates the paging request with the existing RRC connection (given example) UE coordinates the paging request with the existing RRC connection

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

Paging

RRC Connection Setup


UE N ode B RNC CN
U E _ I d le

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane)

In itia l R a n d o m A c c e s s A d d r.: In itia l U E ID C C C H (T M )/ R A C H : R R C C o n n e c tio n R e q u e s t R e q u e s t fo r D C C H In c l. E s ta b lis h m e n t cause R L S e tu p R e q u e s t R L S e tu p R e s p o n s e E s ta b lis h m e n t of U TR A N D C H re s o u rc e s in c l. C A C

Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

A L C A P Iu b T ra n s p o rt b e a re r S e tu p

U L /D L S y n c h ro n is a tio n

C C C H (U M )/ F A C H : R R C C o n n e c tio n S e tu p

A d d r.: In itia l U E ID

D C C H (A M )/ D C H : R R C C o n n e c tio n S e tu p C o m p le te

A d d r.: b y D C H D C C H e s ta b lis h e d U E c a p a b ilitie s

CELL_D CH

know n

Establishment of a RRC connection in cell_DCH mode


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

Initial Random Access


UE Node B
C o n tr o llin g RNC

P e r s is te n c y c h e c k b e fo r e

P re a m b le

P re a m b le

P re a m b le

R e s o u rc in g N o d e B H a rd w a re A c q u is itio n In d ic a tio n (A IC H )

P R A C H M essage

C R C C heck

R AC H M essage [R R C C o n n e c tio n R e q u e s t] RACHFP RACHFP

UE addressing CCCH: UE ID embedded in the RRC message DTCH/ DCCH: UE ID included in MAC header
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

RRC Connection Setup


Reasons for RRC connection setup: Call setup (mobile-originated and mobile-terminated calls) Conversational call Streaming call Interactive call Background call Emergency call Call re-establishment Exchange of signaling messages (low/high priority) RRC connection request message contains, e.g. IMSI, TMSI, IMEI Location area, routing area identity, etc. Other information: e.g. HSDPA/ E-DCH UE capability, standards release

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

NAS Signaling Connection Establishment (Transaction Reasoning)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UE

S er vin g RNC

CN

1 . R R C C on n ection E sta blish m en t

2 . D C C H : I n i t i a l D i r e c t T r a n s fe r RRC RRC

3 . In itia l U E M essa g e RANAP RANAP

Payload contains system network message: Information about the transaction initiated by the UE (IMSI, TMSI, location area, kind of requested transaction)
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

Paging

Authentication and Security Control

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Authentication request/response: mutual authentication of UE and network Security mode command/complete: CN domain indicates to UTRAN and UE the encryption details (method/algorithms and encryption keys)
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Transition Setup and RAB Establishment (CS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

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Transition Setup and RAB Establishment (PS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

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RAB Establishment
UE N odeB SRN C CN

R A B A s s ig n m e n t A L C A P Iu T ra n s p o rt B e a re r E s ta b lis h m e n t

C e ll_ D C H / C e ll_ F A C H

R a d io L in k R e c o n fig u ra tio n P re p a re R a d io L in k R e c o n fig u ra tio n R e a d y A L C A P Iu b T ra n s p o rt B e a re r E s ta b lis h m e n t N o d e B R N C D a ta T ra n s p o rt B e a re r S y n c R a d io L in k R e c o n fig u ra tio n C o m m it

W h e n C e ll_ F A C H : R L S e tu p

W h en C S C N

A c tiv a tio n T im e , T A c tiv a tio n

R a d io B e a re r S e tu p R a d io B e a re r S e tu p C o m p le te R A B A s s ig n m e n t R e s p o n s e

C e ll_ D C H

Example: Synchronised establishment of a RAB on DCH

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

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Transaction Release and RAB Release (CS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection remains


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Transaction Release and Iu Release (CS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection are released


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Transaction Release and RAB Release (PS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection remain


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Transaction Release and Iu Release (PS Mode)

Paging RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

Note: signaling connection and RRC connection are released


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Paging

RRC Connection Release

RRC Connection Establishment Transaction Reasoning (Signaling conn. establishment)

Authentication and Security


Transaction Setup and RAB Allocation Transaction (user or control plane) Transaction Release and RAB Release RRC Connection Release

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

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RRC Connection Release (involving DRNC)


Example: RRC connection release of a dedicated channel in soft HO mode with DRNC
UE N ode B D rift R N S N ode B S e rv in g R N S D r ift RNC S e r v in g RNC CN 1 . I u R e le a s e C o m m a n d RANAP 2 . I u R e le a s e C o m p le t e RANAP RANAP RANAP

3 . A L C A P I u B e a r e r R e le a s e

4 . R R C C o n n e c t io n R e le a s e RRC RRC

5 . R R C C o n n e c t io n R e le a s e C o m p le t e RRC RRC

6 . R a d io L in k D e le t io n NBAP 7 . R a d io L in k D e le t io n RNSAP RN SAP N B AP

8 . R a d io L in k D e le t io n NBAP NBAP

NBAP

9 . R a d io L in k D e le t io n R e s p o n s e

N B AP

NBAP

1 0 . R a d io L in k D e le t io n R e s p o n s e

NBAP 1 1 . R a d io L in k D e le t io n R e s p o n s e RNSAP RN SAP

1 2 . A L C A P I u b B e a r e r R e le a s e

A L C A P Iu r B earer 1 3 . A L C A P I u b B e a r e r R e le a s e R e le a s e

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

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Soft Handover Radio Link Addition


UE T arg et N ode B
R N C D e c id e s to

DRNC

SRN C

R a d io L i n k A d d / S e t u p R e q u e s t R a d io L i n k A d d / S e t u p R e q u e s t

a d d a n e w R a d io L in k

s ta r t R x R a d io L i n k A d d / S e t u p R e s p o n s e R a d io L i n k A d d / S e t u p R e s p o n s e

W h e n R L S e tu p

A L C A P I u b D a ta T r a n s p o r t b e a r e r S e tu p

A L C A P I u r b e a r e r S e tu p

R a d io L i n k R e s to r e I n d ic a tio n R a d io L i n k R e s to r e I n d ic a tio n s ta r t T x
T a r g e t N o d e B is read y

A c ti v e S e t U p d a te ( R a d io L in k A d d itio n )

A c ti v e S e t U p d a te C o m p le te
E .g . n e w U E s ta r ts R x on new r a d io lin k n e ig h b o u r c e ll lis t

M e a s u r e m e n t C o n tr o l

Unsynchronized addition
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Soft Handover Radio Link Deletion


UE Node B DRNC SRNC

Active Set Update (Radio Link Deletion)

RNC Decides to delete an existing Radio Link

Active Set Update Complete


UE stops Rx on old radio link E.g. new neighbour cell list

Measurement Control

Radio Link Deletion Request stop Rx & Tx Radio Link Deletion Response

Radio Link Deletion Request

Free-up resources of old NodeB

Radio Link Deletion Response

ALCAP Iub Data Transport bearer Release

ALCAP Iur bearer Release

Unsynchronized deletion
UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Inter-system Handover (UMTS to GSM)


UE SRN C 3G M SC 2G M SC BSC

R N C D e c id e s to p e r fo r m H O to GSM

R e lo c a tio n R e q u ir e d M A P P rep are H O R eq . H O R eq ue st


C h a n n e l a c tiv a tio n p r o c e d u r e in B S S

H O R eq ue st A C K M A P P rep are H O R esp o n se R e lo c a tio n C o m m a n d


U E s w itc h e s to G S M B S S

H O fr o m U T R A N C o m m a n d

R a d io L i n k F a ilu r e i n U T R A N a n d R a d io L i n k E s ta b lis h m e n t in G S M B S S

H O C o m p le te H O C o m p le te M A P S e n d E n d S ig n a l R e q .

F ree u p o f R eso u rce s

I u R e le a s e P r o c e d u r e

M A P S e n d E n d S ig n a l R e s p .

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

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UTRAN Initiated UMTS-GPRS Cell Reselection


UE S e rv in g RNC SG SN

1 . U T R A N d e c is io n to p e r fo r m C e l l C h a n g e O r d e r fr o m U T R A N :

2 . C e ll C h a n g e O r d e r fr o m UTRAN RRC RRC

3 . T h e U E a c c e sse s th e G S M s y s te m a n d in i tia te s r o u t in g a r e a u p d a te . T h e p a c k e t c o n te x t is tr a n s fe r r e d to th e n e w S G S N . RANAP RANAP

4 . S R N S C o n te x t R e q u e s t RANAP

5 . S R N S C o n te x t R e s p o n s e RANAP

6 . I u R e le a s e C o m m a n d RANAP RANAP

7 . I u R e le a s e C o m p le te RANAP RANAP

Most signalling between 2G and 2G CN


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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SRNS Relocation (CS)

UMTS Networks

Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim

Oct-11

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URA_PCH to CELL_DCH/ CELL_FACH Transition


UE N ode B SRN C

U R A _PC H C e ll U p d a te ( C C C H , R A C H , T M , c a u s e p a g i n g r e s p o n s e o r U p lin k D a ta tr a n s m is s io n )
U E te m p o r a r y in C e ll_ F A C H

R a d io L i n k S e tu p r e q u e s t

I f C e ll_ D C H I n c l. D B C c h e c k

R a d io L i n k S e tu p r e s p o n s e
F or each D C H , s e p a r a te l y

A L C A P I u b D a ta T r a n s p o r t b e a r e r S e tu p
U E T r a n s itio n s to C e ll D C H / s ta y s in C e ll_ F A C H

I n c l. U L / D L S y n c h .

C e ll U p d a te C o n fir m ( C C C H , F A C H , U M )

R R C S ta te I n d ic a to r C e ll_ D C H / U RA_FACH

C e ll_ D C H / C e ll_ F A C H

R a d io L i n k R e s to r e I n d ic a tio n

T A c tiv a tio n = N O W

C e ll_ D C H : R a d io B e a r e r R e c o n fi g u r a tio n C o m p le te ( D C C H A M , D C H )
U E S e n d s C o m p le te M essage

C e ll_ F A C H : U T R A N M o b ilit y C o n fir m ( D C C H A M , R A C H ) L 2 A C K (D C C H )

Unsynchronised procedure with CRNC = SRNC


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH Transition

UE

N ode B

RNC

CN

C e ll F A C H

R a d io L i n k S e tu p r e q u e s t R a d io L i n k S e tu p r e s p o n s e

R N C d e te r m in e s U E s h o u ld tr a n s itio n to C e ll D C H

A L C A P fo r b o th D C H

F P S ynch
U E T r a n s itio n s to C e ll D C H

R a d io B e a r e r R e c o n fig u r a tio n ( D C C H , F A C H )
R N C S to p s M A C - d T r a n s m is s io n to U E

C e ll D C H
U E S e n d s C o m p le te M essage o n D C H

R a d io L i n k R e s to r e I n d ic a tio n R a d io B e a r e r R e c o n fig u r a tio n C o m p le te ( D C C H A M , D C H ) L 2 A C K (D C H )

Unsynchronised procedure with CRNC = SRNC


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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CELL_DCH to URA_PCH/ CELL_FACH Transition


UE N ode B SRN C

C e ll_ D C H
R R C S ta te I n d ic a to r

R a d io B e a r e r R e c o n fig u r a tio n ( D C C H , D C H , U M )
U E tr a n s itio n s to C e ll_ F A C H a n d read s S IB

C e ll_ F A C H / U RA_PCH

R a d io B e a r e r R e c o n fig u r a tio n C o m p le te ( D C C H , R A C H , A M )

U E S e n d s C o m p le te M essage o n R A C H

L 2 A C K (D C C H , F A C H )

R N C le a v e s ti m e fo r L 2 A C K b e in g erro red

C e ll_ F A C H / U R A _PC H R a d io L i n k D e le tio n R e q u e s t

R a d io L i n k D e le tio n R e s p o n s e

F ree -u p n o n -u sed D C H R eso u rces

A L C A P I u b D a ta T r a n s p o r t B e a r e r R e le a s e

Unsynchronised procedure with CRNC = SRNC


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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Dynamic Bearer Reconfiguration


UE N ode B ( D r ift RN S) C e ll D C H R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g u r a tio n P r e p a r e N ode B ( S e r v in g RN S) R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g P r e p a re
R N C D e c id e s to c h a n g e th e r a te o f th e U E

DRNC

SRN C

R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g u r a tio n P r e p a r e R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g u r a tio n R e a d y R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g R e a d y R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g u r a tio n R e a d y


W h e n r a te in c r e a s e

A L C A P I u b D a ta T r a n s p o r t b e a r e r S e tu p

A L C A P I u r b e a r e r S e tu p

A L C A P I u b D a ta T r a n s p o r t b e a r e r S e tu p R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g u r a tio n C o m m i t ( T A c tiv a tio n )


A c ti v a tio n T im e

A ll N o d e B s a r e read y

c o m m i t ( T A c tiv a tio n )

, T A c tiv a tio n

R a d io L i n k R e c o n fi g u r a tio n c o m m i t ( T A c tiv a tio n ) T r a n s p o r t C h a n n e l R e c o n fi g u r a tio n ( D C C H , A M , T A c tiv a tio n )

U E & N o d e -B r e c o n fig u r e d to th e n e w r a te s

T r a n s p o r t C h a n n e l R e c o n fi g u r a tio n C o m p le te ( D C C H , A M )

R e le a s e th e tr a n s p o r t N e tw o r k r e s o u r c e s fo r th e p r e v io u s

A L C A P I u b D a ta T r a n s p o r t b e a r e r R e le a s e C e ll D C H

A L C A P I u r b e a r e r R e le a s e

c o n fig u r a tio n

A L C A P I u b D a ta T r a n s p o r t b e a r e r R e le a s e

Synchronised DCH modify w/o transport bearer reconfiguration


UMTS Networks Oliver Waldhorst, Jens Mueckenheim Oct-11

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