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MICHEL THOMAS SPANISH (BASIC) COURSE, 8 CDs TRANSCRIPT This is an approximate transcript of the course, since Michel often

changed his mind in the middle of a sentence to be translated, or adapted his sentences for the students. The booklet that accompanied Michel's courses was wholly inadequate, so I have written this transcript. I have found it useful, so maybe other people will, too. Naturally, it would be foolish to try to learn the language using this transcript, without buying the recordings. Note that English is my native language, so I don't guarantee that there are no mistakes. Tracks and track times in the recording are shown in brackets. Version 2, Aug 11th 2006 Transcribed by JK CD 1 (68.43) (1) 6.34 (2) 7.43 (-ible words stay the same in Spanish, but the pronunciation changes a little: the last but one syllable is stressed) possible posible (-able words stay the same in Spanish) probable probable acceptable aceptable it is es it is possible es possible it is probable es probable it is terrible es terrible it is acceptable es aceptable for me para m for you para usted for you para usted it is for me es para m it is not no es it is not for you no es para usted it is for me es para m it is not for you, it is for me no es para usted, es para m it is not possible for me no es possible para m it is possible for you es possible para usted it is acceptable for me es aceptable para m (3) 6.25 (to ask a question in Spanish, you just use inflection) it is acceptable for you es aceptable para usted is it acceptable for you? es aceptable para usted?

isn't it acceptable for you? no es aceptable para usted? why por qu (porque also means "because") why isn't it acceptable for you? por qu no es aceptable para usted? (in the above sentence, inflection is not necessary because there is a question word; but you can still use it) like that, that way as it is like that es as it is not like that no es as it is not possible that way no es posible as it is not acceptable for me that way no es aceptable para m as why isn't it acceptable for you that way? por qu no es aceptable para usted as? I'm sorry lo siento I yo (in Spanish, "I" is understood) (lo siento literally means "I feel it") but pero I'm sorry, but... lo siento, pero... I'm sorry, but it is not acceptable for me that way lo siento, pero no es aceptable para m as I'm sorry, but it is not possible that way lo siento, pero no es posible as (4) 3.44 (English words ending -ent or -ant, end -ente or -ante in Spanish) different diferente important importante it is important for me es importante para m it is not different that way no es diferente as good bueno very muy it is very good es muy bueno it is not very good no es muy bueno it is not very different that way no es muy diferente as but it is very important for me pero es muy importante para m (in Spanish, there is never more than one stress on any given word. In general, if the word ends with a vowel, the stress will be on the penultimate syllable) important importante restaurant restaurante (5) 5.12 I have tengo (the -o in tengo expresses "I". yo tengo would mean "I have" with the "I" emphasised) I don't have no tengo I'm sorry lo siento I have tengo I have it lo tengo I don't have it no lo tengo I want quiero

I want it lo quiero I don't want it that way no lo quiero as I need necesito I need it lo necesito I don't need it no lo necesito now ahora hour hora I want it lo quiero but I don't need it now pero no lo necesito ahora I want it but I don't need it now lo quiero pero no lo necesito ahora (6) 6.22 constant constante evident evidente urgent urgente it is very urgent es muy urgente I need it now, it is very urgent lo necesito ahora, es muy urgente I have tengo I have it lo tengo I don't have it no lo tengo you have tiene you have (emphasise "you") usted tiene what qu what do you have? qu tiene? what do you have for me now? qu tiene para m ahora? I have tengo I have it lo tengo I don't have it no lo tengo you have tiene what do you have? qu tiene? I have it lo tengo you have tiene you have it lo tiene do you have it? lo tiene? you don't have it no lo tiene don't you have it? no lo tiene? don't you have it for me now? no lo tiene par m ahora? why don't you have it for me now, because I need it now? por qu no lo tiene para m ahora, por qu lo necesito ahora? (7) 4.13 I want quiero I want it lo quiero I want it now lo quiero ahora I don't want it no lo quiero I want quiero you want quiere I want quiero

you want quiere what do you want? qu quiere? I want it lo quiero I don't want it no lo quiero you want quiere you want it lo quiere do you want it? lo quiere? why don't you want it that way? por qu no lo quiere as? to know saber I want to know quiero saber I don't want to know no quiero saber I want to know why you don't have it for me now quiero saber por qu no lo tiene para m ahora (8) 7.50 I can puedo you can puede to do, to make hacer to do like that hacer as what do you want to do now? qu quiere hacer ahora? (when there is a consonant at the end of the word, the stress will be on the final syllable) to do, to make hacer to eat comer something algo I want something quiero algo I have something for you tengo algo para usted I want to eat quiero comer I want to eat something now quiero comer algo ahora I have tengo I am hungry (lit. I have hunger) tengo hambre man hombre I want to eat something now because I am hungry quiero comer algo ahora por qu tengo hambre what do you want to eat? qu quiere comer? I am hungry tengo hambre you are hungry tiene hambre are you hungry? tiene hambre? are you hungry? do you want to eat something now? tiene hambre? quiere comer algo ahora? why don't you want to eat? por qu no quiere comer? (9) 3.05 (English words ending -ary, end -ario in Spanish) necessary necesario it is not necessary for me now because I don't need it no es necesario para m ahora por qu no lo necesito and y

I'm sorry, but I don't have it and I don't want it because I don't need it now lo siento, pero no lo tengo y no lo quiero pero no lo necesito ahora contrary contrario on the contrary al contrario vocabulary vocabulario (10) 8.53 (in Spanish, b and v have the same sound) to see ver (lo is hooked onto the end of the "full verb") to see it verlo I want to see it quiero verlo I don't want to see it no quiero verlo I want quiero I want it lo quiero I want to see it quiero verlo I don't want to see it no quiero verlo do you want to see it? quiere verlo? why don't you want to see it? por qu no quiere verlo? I can puedo you can puede I cannot see it no puedo verlo (whenever you have two or three consecutive verbs, the second and third verbs are in the full form of the verb, i.e. infinitive) can you see it? puede verlo? what can you see? qu puede ver? why can't you see it? por qu no puede verlo? to do, to make hacer to see ver to see it verlo to do, to make hacer to do it hacerlo I don't want to do it that way no quiero hacerlo as because I cannot do it por qu no puedo hacerlo why can't you do it that way? por qu no puede hacerlo as? I want to know why you can't do it that way quiero saber por qu no puede hacerlo as (11) 4.29 (words in English ending -ance or -ence, end -ancia or -encia in Spanish) difference diferencia importance importancia influence influencia preference preferencia the difference la diferencia a difference una diferencia what difference? qu diferencia? the preference la preferencia a preference una preferencia

what preference? qu preferencia? do you have a preference? tiene una preferencia? what preference do you have? qu preferencia tiene? for what restaurant do you have a preference? para qu restaurante tiene una preferencia? tonight esta noche (esta noche literally means "this night") it is for tonight es para esta noche for what restaurant do you have a preference tonight? para qu restaurante tiene una preferencia esta noche? (12) 4.13 where dnde where do you want to eat? dnde quiere comer? the dinner la cena to dine cenar where do you want to have dinner tonight? dnde quiere cenar esta noche? do you have a preference? tiene una preferencia? what preference do you have? qu preferencia tiene? for what restaurant do you have a preference tonight? para qu restaurante tiene una preferencia esta noche? (words ending -ion in English, end -in in Spanish) opinion opinin (words ending -tion in English, end -cin in Spanish) condition condicin position posicin reservation reservacin the reservation la reservacin a reservation una reservacin do you have a reservation for me for tonight? tiene una reservacin para m para esta noche? (end of recording)

CD 2 (57.46) (1) 4.23 condition condicin the condition la condicin a condition una condicin what condition qu condicin reservation reservacin the reservation la reservacin a reservation una reservacin what reservation qu reservacin of de do you have the confirmation of the reservation for me for tonight? tiene la confirmacin de la reservacin para m para esta noche? what kind qu tipo what type of reservation do you have for me tonight? qu tipo de reservacin tiene para m para esta noche? what kind of reservation do you want? qu tipo de reservacin quiere? (2) 6.22 (there are close to 1200 words that end -ion, that are similar in both English and Spanish. There are just a few exceptions) translation traduccin I need a translation necesito una traduccin can you make a translation for me? puede hacer una traduccin para m? (puede "can you?" - a question with inflection - is also used for "will you please?" - a polite suggestion without inflection) will you make a translation for me puede hacer una traduccin para m please por favor can you make a translation for me? puede hacer una traduccin para m? to do, to make hacer to do it hacerlo will you please do it for me puede hacerlo para m today hoy can you do it for me today? puede hacerlo para m hoy? will you make a translation for me puede hacer una traduccin para m please por favor explanation explicacin to give dar will you give an explanation puede dar una explicacin can you give an explanation? puede dar una explicacin? (3) 8.16 (verbs derived from nouns, which are similar in both English and Spanish, add -ar in Spanish) formation formacin to form formar to conform conformar to confirm confirmar

(in English, the "to" form of the verb, i.e. the infinitive, is expressed in Spanish by an ending -ar, -er, -ir. Since all these words end with -r, you must hit the ending) to speak hablar to eat comer to come venir to leave salir exit salida (the "nose" rule: if a word ends with a vowel or with the letters n or s, the stress is on the penultimate symbol. Otherwise, it is on the last syllable. If there is an exception to this rule, there is an accent over the stressed syllable, for example, all words ending -in) Merida Mrida Mexico Mjico reservation reservacin situation situacin impression impresin what impression do you have of the situation? qu impresin tiene de la situacin? like that, that way as (4) 5.07 here aqu will you make a reservation for me puede hacer una reservacin para m why can't you make a reservation for me? por qu no puede hacer una reservacin para m? why can't you do it? por qu no puede hacerlo? to know saber to see ver I want to know it quiero saberlo I want to see it quiero verlo to see you verle to see them verlos to see them (only females) verlas I want to see them quiero verlos I want to see them (only females) quiero verlas I want to see it quiero verlo I want to see you quiero verle to see me verme (two types of "me") for me para m (5) 5.37 to understand comprender to understand it comprenderlo to understand you comprenderle to understand them comprenderlos to understand them (only females) comprenderlas to understand me comprenderme can you understand me? puede comprenderme?

why can't you understand me? por qu no puede comprenderme? to say, to tell decir to tell it decirlo to tell you decirle to tell me decirme can you tell me? puede decirme? why can't you tell me now? por qu no puede decirme ahora? I want to know it quiero saberlo to buy comprar I want to buy something here quiero comprar algo aqu what do you want to buy here? qu quiere comprar aqu? why don't you want to buy it? por qu no quiere comprarlo? (6) 7.27 expensive caro it is very expensive es muy caro I have tengo you have tiene do you have it? lo tiene? why don't you have it for me? por qu no lo tiene para m? to have tener I want to have it because I need it quiero tenerlo por qu lo necesito I have tengo you have tiene to have tener I have to, I must tengo que I have to do it tengo que hacerlo to leave salir I have to leave tengo que salir soon pronto I have to leave soon tengo que salir pronto you have tiene you have to tiene que you have to do it tiene que hacerlo when cuando when do you have to do it? cuando tiene que hacerlo? to say, to tell decir to tell it decirlo to tell you decirle to tell me decirme will you tell me puede decirme can you tell me? puede decirme? will you tell me why you cannot do it that way puede decirme por qu no puede hacerlo as (7) 4.09 (words ending in -ical in English, end -ico in Spanish) political poltico

economical econmico philosophical filosfico logical lgico it is not logical but it is very practical that way no es lgico pero es muy prctico as ("the political situation" in Spanish is "the situation political", and in this case "political" ends with -a, because la situacin is a female word) the political situation la situacin poltica the economical situation la situacin econmica the political and economical situation la situacin poltica y econmica in Spain en Espaa in Mexico en Mjico in Argentina en Argentina what impression do you have of the political and economical situation in Spain now? qu imprecin tiene de la situacin poltica y econmica en Espaa ahora? (8) 5.22 how much cuanto when cuando will you tell me how much it is puede decirme cuanto es because I need it por qu lo necesito and I want to have it y quiero tenerlo and I want to buy it y quiero comprarlo if si if it is not very expensive si no es muy caro I am estoy I am busy estoy ocupado I am busy (female speaking) estoy ocupada tired cansado I am tired estoy cansado I am tired (female speaking) estoy cansada house casa married (lit. "housed) casado I am estoy I am not very busy today no estoy muy ocupado (ocupada) hoy (9) 5.21 you are est you are busy est ocupado you are busy (speaking to a female) est ocupada are you busy now? est ocupado ahora? are you busy now? (speaking to a female) est ocupada ahora? to be estar this house esta casa this table esta mesa where are you now? dnde est ahora? how cmo how are you? cmo est? hello, good day (lit. good days) buenos das

hello, how are you? buenos das, cmo esta? are you busy now? est ocupado (ocupada) ahora? are you tired? est cansado (cansada)? to be estar (10) 5.42 I am going voy I am going to... voy a... I am going to eat now voy a comer ahora I am going to buy it voy a comprarlo I am not going to buy it because it's very expensive no voy a comprarlo porque es muy caro I am going to tell you voy a decirle late tarde very late muy tarde it is very late es muy tarde more ms later (lit. more late) ms tarde more or less ms o menos to be estar I am going to be here later voy a estar aqu ms tarde (end of recording)

CD 3 (59.18) (1) 7.19 I'm going to voy a I'm going to do it voy a hacerlo I'm not going to do it now because I'm going to be very busy today no voy a hacerlo ahora porque voy a estar muy ocupado hoy to call llamar I'm going to call you later voy a llamarle ms tarde can you call me later? puede llamarme ms tarde? at what time a qu hora at what time can you call me? a qu hora puede llamarme? I'm going to call you voy a llamarle you are going va you are going to va a at what time are you going to call me? a qu hora va a llamarme? at what time are you going to be here tonight? a qu hora va a estar aqu esta noche? where are you going to be later? dnde va a estar ms tarde? at what time are you going to be here? a qu hora va a estar aqu? (2) 5.18 (with all verbs, the "you" form also applies to "he", "she" and "it") he is going to, she is going to, it is going to va a you are going to do it va a hacerlo he is going to do it va a hacerlo she is going to do it va a hacerlo (in conversation, the context makes it clear who is being talked about, but you can add a pronoun as a clarifier) where is he? dnde est?, dnde est l? where are you? dnde est?, dnde est usted? where is she? dnde est?, dnde est ella? he is going to be here soon (l) va a estar aqu pronto she is going to be here soon (ella) va a estar aqu pronto what do you want? qu quiere (usted)? what does he want? qu quiere (l)? what does she want? qu quiere (ella)? what do you have? qu tiene (usted)? what does he have? qu tiene (l)? what does she have? qu tiene (ella)? what do you have? qu tiene (usted)? (3) 5.35 ready listo I am ready estoy listo I am ready (female) estoy lista are you ready? (female) est lista? are you ready? est listo? at what time are you going to be ready? a qu hora va a estar listo? at what time is it going to be ready? a qu hora va a estar listo?

I want to know at what time it is going to be ready because I need it and I have to have it today if it is possible quiero saber a qu hora va a estar listo porque lo necesito y tengo que tenerlo hoy si es posible I want quiero I want it lo quiero I need it lo necesito will you tell me when it is going to be ready puede decirme cuando va a estar listo (4) 3.46 all, everything todo everything is going to be ready for you today todo va a estar listo para usted hoy nothing nada tomorrow maana nothing is going to be ready for you today but everything is going to be ready tomorrow nada va a estar listo para usted hoy pero todo va a estar listo maana I am ready estoy listo he is ready est listo, l est listo she is ready est lista, elle est lista everything is ready todo est listo (5) 6.12 it is possible es posible it is very important es muy importante it is necessary es necesario (in Spanish there are two verbs for "to be", estar and ser. estar means "a state of being" and it expresses "to be" as how one is, where one is. ser expresses the characteristic of who one is and what one is) I am estoy, soy you are, he is, she is, it is est, es how are you? cmo est? how is he? cmo est (l)? how is she? cmo est (ella)? where are you? dnde est? where is he? dnde est (l)? where is she? dnde est (ella) where is it? dnde est? I know s I don't know no s I don't know where it is no s dnde est I know it lo s I don't know it no lo s I know s I don't know no s I don't know where it is no s dnde est (6) 7.06 how is Pablo today? cmo est Pablo hoy? sick enfermo Pablo is sick today Pablo est enfermo hoy

Pablo is a sick person Pablo es enfermo to arrive llegar drunk borracho Pablo is drunk Pablo est borracho Pablo is a drunkard Pablo es borracho dressed vestido well-dressed bien vestido Pablo is well-dressed today Pablo est bien vestido hoy Pablo is a good dresser Pablo es bien vestido I am a professor soy profesor I am ready estoy listo clever listo I am clever soy listo he is clever (l) es listo she is clever (ella) es listo she is ready (ella) est listo (7) 4.45 to speak hablar to buy comprar to take tomar to form formar to conform conformar to confirm confirmar will you confirm the reservation for me puede confirmar la reservacin para m to prepare preparar will you prepare the dinner for me puede preparar la cena para m will you accept the condition puede aceptar la condicin much, very much mucho many thanks muchas gracias I want very much to accept the condition but I'm sorry, I cannot accept it because it is not acceptable for me that way quiero mucho aceptar la condicin pero lo siento, no puedo aceptarlo porque no es aceptable para m as (8) 7.07 (new definition of "noun", "adjective", "verb") to speak hablar to buy comprar to understand comprender to eat comer to do, to make hacer to say, to tell decir to prepare preparar to accept aceptar (9) 5.58 to come venir with me conmigo (the -go ending is only used with "me")

with you con usted with him con l with her con ella with me conmigo will you speak Spanish with me puede hablar espaol conmigo can you come with me? puede venir conmigo? (after the verbs of coming and going, a following verb is preceded by a to, for example voy a...) to come venir can you come and see it with me tonight? puede venir a verlo conmigo esta noche? (10) 6.12 to go ir I'm going voy I want to go and see it with you quiero ir a verlo con usted I must go and see it tengo que ir a verlo I must speak with you tengo que hablar con usted I'm sorry but I cannot see you today because I am going to be very busy lo siento pero no puedo verle hoy porque voy a estar muy ocupado to buy comprar I must buy it tengo que comprarlo but I cannot buy it because it is very expensive pero no puedo comprarlo porque es muy caro (end of recording)

CD 4 (61.37) (1) 3.17 where is it? dnde est? how much is it? cuanto es? where are you? dnde est? to find encontrar I cannot find it no puedo encontrarlo I don't know where it is no se dnde est can you/will you tell me where it is because I cannot find it puede decirme dnde est porque no puedo encontrarlo (2) 9.44 (with the present tense, there is always a stress on the penultimate syllable. That stress is a signal to Spanish ears that you are in the present tense - there are just a few exceptions, e.g. est) to speak hablar I speak hablo to buy comprar I buy, I am buying compro I buy it, I am buying it lo compro I'm not buying it no lo compro to sell vender I am selling it lo vendo I'm not selling it no lo vendo to understand comprender I understand comprendo I understand it very well lo comprendo muy bien I don't understand it very well no lo comprendo muy bien to understand comprender I understand comprendo I understand it lo comprendo I don't understand it no lo comprendo I don't understand you no le comprendo I understand comprendo you understand comprende you understand it lo comprende do you understand it? lo comprende? why don't you understand it? por qu no lo comprende? do you understand me? me comprende? why don't you understand me? por qu no me comprende? (3) 4.50 to sell vender I am selling it lo vendo I'm not selling it no lo vendo I don't sell it no lo vendo you are selling it lo vende why don't you sell it? por qu no lo vende?

to write escribir I'm writing escribo I'm writing every day (all the days) escribo todos los dias (4) 7.58 I like (it pleases me) me gusta I like to see it me gusta verlo but I don't like to do it non me gusta hacerlo I like to go and see it me gusta ir a verlo I like very much me gusta muy bien much pleasure mucho gusto I like very much to write me gusta mucho escribir I like me gusta you like le gusta you like? le gusta? I like to write me gusta escribir I write escribo you write, he writes, she writes escribe why don't you write to me? por qu no me escribe? (5) 6.43 to know saber you know sabe do you know where it is? sabe dnde est? why don't you know it? por qu no lo sabe? to do, to make hacer why don't you do it? por qu no lo hace? to leave salir at what time are you leaving? a qu hora sale? at what time do you leave? a qu hora sale? (In Spanish, there is an "-ing" tense, but only for expressing what one is doing right now) I am (in the process of) leaving estoy saliendo (you could not say estoy saliendo maana) at what time are you leaving? a qu hora sale? what are you doing today? qu hace hoy? what are you doing tonight? qu hace esta noche? what are you doing right now? qu est haciendo? what are you writing? qu escribe? what are you in the process of writing? qu est escribiendo? (6) 6.35 to say, to tell decir what are you saying? qu dice? ("what" in the middle of a sentence is lo que) I'm sorry but I don't understand what you're saying lo siento pero no comprendo lo que dice I don't know what you want no s lo que quiere it is not what I want no es lo que quiero what do you want? qu quiere?

what do you want to say? qu quiere decir? (the combination "want to say" in Spanish is used for "mean") I don't understand very well what you mean (lit. what you want to say) no comprendo muy bien lo que quiere decir you don't understand what I mean no comprende lo que quiero decir because that's not what I mean porque no es lo que quiero decir (7) 8.35 to speak hablar I speak hablo to prepare preparar I am preparing it lo preparo but I don't accept it pero no lo acepto (Spanish verbs can be divided into two tracks, the -ar verbs, and on the other track, the -er and -ir in verbs) (the ending for "I" on both tracks is -o) I'm preparing preparo I am preparing it lo preparo to accept aceptar I am accepting it lo acepto (the ending for "you", "he", "she" and "it" for non -ar verbs is -e) to understand comprender you understand comprende to leave salir you are leaving sale to do hacer you are doing hace to write escribir you are writing escribe to say decir you are saying dice (the ending for "you","he", "she" and "it" for -ar verbs is -a) you speak habla he speaks, she speaks, it speaks habla do you speak English? habla ingls? (8) 7.03 who, whom quin who speaks English here? quin habla ingls aqu? nobody nadie nobody speaks English here nadie habla ingls aqu everybody todo el mundo everybody speaks Spanish here todo el mundo habla espaol aqu why don't you speak Spanish with me? por qu no habla espaol conmigo? to buy comprar I am buying it lo compro I don't buy it no lo compro I am not buying it no lo compro

why don't you buy it? por qu no lo compra? I don't know why I am not buying it no s porque no lo compro to sell vender why don't you sell it? por qu no lo vende? I'm not selling it because I don't want to sell it no lo vendo porque no quiero venderlo (9) 2.54 I speak hablo you speak, he speaks, she speaks, it speaks habla (the ending for "they" is the ending for "you", plus an -n) they speak hablan they understand comprenden they are doing it lo hacen they are buying it lo compran they are selling it lo venden (10) 3.58 (that same ending is also used with "you plural" meaning "you all") why don't you sell it? (asking one person) por qu no lo vende? why don't you sell it? (asking several people) por qu no lo venden? why don't you do it? por qu no lo hace? why don't you do it? (plural) por qu no lo hacen? why don't they do it? por qu no lo hacen? (end of recording)

CD 5 (59.03) (1) 8.54 to speak hablar to eat comer to understand comprender to come venir to leave salir to do, to make hacer to say, to tell decir I want quiero you want quiere I can puedo to speak hablar I speak hablo I don't speak no hablo I understand comprendo I don't understand no comprendo you understand comprende do you understand it? lo comprende? do you understand me? me comprende? don't you understand me? no me comprende? why don't you understand me? por qu no me comprende? they understand comprenden you speak habla (2) 6.24 (all Spanish vowels are pronounced clearly, regardless of whether they are stressed or not) I speak hablo (there are a few cases where the ending for "I" is not -o) I am going voy I am estoy, soy to give dar I give doy I know s I don't know no s I don't know it no lo s you are speaking, he is speaking, she is speaking habla to understand comprender I understand comprendo you understand, he understands comprende (3) 3.39 to buy comprar why don't you buy it? por qu no lo compra? to sell vender I am selling it lo vendo why don't you sell it? por qu no lo vende?

why don't you sell it? (plural) por qu no lo venden? they are not selling it no lo venden why don't you buy it? por qu no lo compra? they are not buying it no lo compran why don't you buy it? (plural) por qu no lo compran? (4) 4.43 ("you" for family and friends is t. The ending is -as or -es) do you speak English? (friend) hablas ingls? why don't you speak Spanish with me? (friend) por qu no hablas espaol conmigo? (for the imperative, you switch tracks) speak Spanish with me! hable espaol conmigo! (5) 5.54 the book el libro buy the book! compre el libro! ("this" is este with masculine nouns, and esta with feminine nouns. "that" is almost the same: ese and esa) this book este libro this night, tonight esta noche this house esta casa this table esta mesa that book ese libro that table esa mesa this (without a noun) esto I want to see this quiero ver esto I'm going to buy this voy a comprar esto I want to see that quiero ver eso why don't you buy this book? por qu no compra este libro? buy that book! compre ese libro! he is not buying it l no lo compra don't buy it! no lo compre! (6) 4.25 to sell vender why don't you sell it? por qu no lo vende? don't sell it! no lo venda! don't sell it! (plural) no lo vendan! don't sell it! (friend) no lo vendas! sell that book! venda ese libro! buy that book! compre ese libro! don't buy it! no lo compre! don't buy it! (plural) no lo compren! don't buy it! (friend) no lo compres! (7) 6.30 (for a positive command, pronouns are hooked on to the verb) buy it! comprelo! buy it! (plural) comprenlo! them los

buy them! (talking to several people) comprenlos! don't buy them! (talking to several people) no los compren! to take tomar why don't you take it? por qu no lo toma? don't take it! no lo tome! take it! tomelo! eat it! comalo! (8) 5.30 (the ending for "we" is -mos, added to the infinitive without the final -r) we speak hablamos to speak hablar I want to speak with you (friend) quiero hablar contigo to eat comer to leave salir to speak hablar we speak hablamos to eat comer we eat comemos we are leaving salimos we are coming venimos we are selling vendemos to sell vender we are selling vendemos to write escribir we are writing escribimos to have tener we have tenemos to do, to make hacer we are doing it lo hacemos we are not doing it no lo hacemos we do not do it that way no lo hacemos cos to tell, to say decir we are telling you le decimos (9) 5.27 (there is one exception) to go ir we go vamos I go voy you go, he goes va I am going to voy a you are going to, he is going to va a they are going to van a you are going to (plural) van a you are going to (friend) vas a we are going to vamos a we are going to leave soon vamos a salir pronto

to arrive llegar at what time are we going to arrive in Madrid? a qu hora vamos a llegar a Madrid? we are doing it lo hacemos they are doing it lo hacen why don't you do it? (friend) por qu no lo haces? I have tengo (though some verbs which end not just with -o, but with -go, when talking about "I") to come venir I come vengo to leave salir I am leaving salgo I have tengo I come vengo I am leaving salgo to put, to pose poner to oppose oponer to suppose suponer to compose componer I put pongo I am putting it here lo pongo aqu I have tengo I come vengo I am leaving salgo I am putting pongo I suppose supongo (10) 4.43 ("to do" and "to say" are related. They both have the -go ending, and additionally are shortened) to do hacer to say, tell decir I do hago I tell digo I have tengo I come vengo I am leaving salgo I am putting pongo I am doing it lo hago I am telling you le digo to bring traer I am bringing traigo I am bringing it lo traigo I am putting it lo pongo I am coming vengo I am leaving salgo I am doing it lo hago I am telling you le digo

I am bringing it lo traigo I am putting it lo pongo where are you putting it? dnde lo pone? where are you putting it? (plural) dnde lo ponen? where are you putting it? (friend) dnde lo pones? we are putting it here lo ponemos aqu (11) 2.49 (in the imperative, the -go verbs turn into -ga verbs) come with me! venga conmigo! don't leave! no salga! don't leave! (plural) no salgan! don't leave! (friend) no salgas! don't put it here! no lo ponga aqu! put it here! pongalo aqu! can you put it here, will you please put it here puede ponerlo aqu (end of recording)

CD 6 (60.36) (1) 7.33 I leave salgo I have tengo I put pongo I'm doing, I am making hago I'm saying, I am telling digo I am coming vengo I suppose supongo I have tengo I bring traigo bring it! traigalo! bring me something! traigame algo! don't put it here! no lo ponga aqu! there all put it there! pongalo all! don't put it here, put it there! no lo ponga aqu, pongalo all! I am doing it lo hago do it! hagalo! don't do it! no lo haga! say it in Spanish! digalo en espaol! tell me! digame! don't tell me now! no me diga ahora! don't tell me! (friend) no me digas! to call llamar call me later please! llameme ms tarde por favor! call me! llameme! (in the imperative, the only time you don't switch tracks is when speaking to "you, friend". You also miss out the last -s) call me! (friend) llamame! call me! llameme! (2) 6.06 to have tener we have tenemos to do hacer we are doing it lo hacemos to have tener you have tiene they have, you all have tienen you have (friend) tienes we have tenemos I have tengo to have tener you have tiene (in Spanish, when you push down on the letter -e-, it caves in and becomes -ie-. For "I have", this doesn't happen because the -g- holds up the letter -e)

to come venir we are coming venimos he is coming viene they are coming vienen you are coming (friend) vienes I am coming vengo to start comencar I am starting comienco you are starting, he is starting, she is starting, it is starting comienca at what time are you starting? a qu hora comienca? at what time are you all starting? a qu hora comiencan? at what time are you starting? (friend) a qu hora comiencas? at what time do we start? a qu hora comencamos? (3) 6.35 to begin, to start empezar I am starting empiezo at what time are you starting? at what time is it starting? a qu hora empieza? to think pensar I think pienso what do you think? qu piensa? what do you think of the situation? qu piensa de la situacin? we think pensamos (pensar is also used in the sense of thinking forward, or planning) I plan on leaving soon pienso salir pronto when do you plan on leaving? cundo piensa salir? to understand comprender I understand comprendo to understand entender I understand entiendo (entender is used more often than comprender) I don't understand it no lo entiendo I don't understand you no le entiendo I don't understand you (friend) no te entiendo do you understand me? (friend) me entiendes? we don't understand no entendemos (usually you can deduce that the whole verb contains the sound -e-, if the present tense verb contains -ie-) I want quiero you want, he wants quiere they want, you all want quieren you want (friend) quieres you all want quieren to want querer we want queremos (4) 6.08 (in a similar situation, the letter -o- caves in and becomes -ue-)

I can puedo you can, he can puede they can, you all can pueden you can (friend) puedes to be able to poder we can podemos the power el poder to find, to encounter encontrar I find encuentro I don't find it no lo encuentro to remember recordar I remember recuerdo to come back volver I am coming back soon vuelvo pronto at what time are you coming back? a qu hora vuelve? are you all coming back? vuelven? are you coming back? (friend) vuelves? we are coming back soon volvemos pronto to come back regresar (5) 7.39 to lift up, to raise levantar I am lifting it up lo levanto why don't you lift it up? por qu no lo levanta? I am lifting myself up, I lift me up me levanto I am getting up me levanto us nos we are getting up, we are lifting us up nos levantamos you are getting up (friend) te levantas at what time are you getting up? (friend) a qu hora te levantas? himself, herself, yourself, themselves, oneself se he is getting up se levanta at what time are you getting up? a qu hora se levanta? at what time are you all getting up? a qu hora se levantan? they are getting up soon se levantan pronto I am going to get up soon voy a levantarme pronto I have to get up tengo que levantarme we are going to get up soon vamos a levantarnos we have to get up tenemos que levantarnos I have tengo I have to get up tengo que levantarme we have to get up tenemos que levantarnos at what time do we have to get up? a qu hora tenemos que levantarnos? (6) 5.33 to remain quedar to give dar to stay, to remain oneself quedarse

I am staying me quedo I am not staying no me quedo how much cuanto how much time cuanto tiempo I don't know how long I am staying no s cuanto tiempo me quedo I don't know how long I am going to stay no s cuanto tiempo voy a quedarme I don't know how long I can stay no s cuanto tiempo puedo quedarme we are staying nos quedamos a few days unos das we are going to stay here a few days vamos a quedarnos unos das (el da is actually a masculine word, and so is el problema "the problem". la mano is feminine) are la mano "the hand" and el problema "the problem") (7) 4.08 there is, there are hay people gente the people la gente many people mucha gente there are many people here hay mucha gente aqu what is there? what is going on? qu hay? no problem, there is no problem no hay problema I don't know how long we are going to stay here no s cuanto tiempo vamos a quedarnos aqu still, still more todava a little un poco a little more todava un poco late tarde later ms tarde a little later un poco ms tarde yet (in a negative sense) todava I don't know yet, still I don't know todava no s I don't know yet how long I am going to stay todava no s cuanto tiempo voy a quedarme (8) 6.53 to see ver we see vemos we see it lo vemos he doesn't see it, you don't see it no lo ve I see veo they see it no ven we see it lo vemos we see ourselves nos vemos we don't see ourselves no nos vemos ("ourselves" in Spanish also means "each other") we see each other, we meet nos vemos at what time do we meet? at what time do we see each other? a qu hora nos vemos?

at what time do we meet tomorrow? a qu hora nos vemos maana (in Spanish, the present tense can be used to express the future; so, "we meet next week" is correct Spanish, although it is incorrect English) to call llamar I will call you tomorrow, I call you tomorrow le llamo maana to buy comprar I am buying compro I am buying it lo compro I am buying them los compro I am telling digo I am saying it lo digo I am telling you le digo I am telling you (friend) te digo I am calling llamo I am calling you le llamo I am calling you (friend) te llamo I call you tomorrow le llamo maana (in Spanish, you use "going" to express the future even more than in English) I am going to call you tomorrow voy a llamarle maana (9) 6.26 we are staying a few days, we will be staying a few days nos quedamos unos das we are going to stay a few days vamos a quedarnos unos das at what time do we meet tomorrow? at what time do we see each other tomorrow? a qu hora nos vemos maana? at what time are we going to see each other? at what time are we going to meet tomorrow? a qu hora vamos a vernos maana? (in the future tense, you can also say "I will see": for "I will", you start with the whole verb) to speak hablar I will speak hablar I will eat later comer ms tarde I will buy it lo comprar I will sell it lo vender to take tomar I will take it lo tomar we will take it lo tomaremos I will take it lo tomar we will take it lo tomaremos I will start comencar we will start lo comencaremos I will eat comer we will eat comeremos I will speak with you hablar con usted we will speak hablaremos (10) 3.30 to wait, to hope esperar

I will wait esperar we will wait esperaremos to stay, to remain oneself quedarse I am staying, I am remaining myself me quedo to speak hablar I am speaking hablo to stay quedarse I am staying me quedo I am staying here tomorrow me quedo aqu maana I will stay me quedar I am going to stay voy a quedarme (end of recording)

CD 7 (62.38) (1) 4.49 (often, the easiest way to talk about the future is to use "going") I will start, I am going to start voy a comencar, voy a empezar I will buy it, I am going to buy it voy a comprarlo we will buy it, we are going to buy it vamos a comprarlo I will call you later voy a llamarle ms tarde we will call you later vamos a llamarle ms tarde at what time will you call me? a qu hora va a llamarme? at what time are you going to call me? (plural) a qu hora van a llamarme? they are going to call me later van a llamarme ms tarde at what time will you call me? (friend) a qu hora vas a llamarme? you are going to call me va a llamarme you are going to call me (plural) van a llamarme you are going to call me (friend) vas a llamarme they are going to call me van a llamarme we are going to call you vamos a llamarle (2) 4.39 to stay, to remain oneself quedarse I am staying me quedo we are staying nos quedamos they are staying se quedan she is staying se queda I am not staying no me quedo I am going to stay voy a quedarme how long are you going to stay? cunto tiempo va a quedarse? how long are you going to stay? (plural) cunto tiempo van a quedarse? I don't know yet how long we are going to stay todava no s cuanto tiempo vamos a quedarnos I will stay me quedar we will stay nos quedaremos (3) 4.39 (the future tense ending for everything else starts with -r-) I will buy it lo comprar we will buy it lo compraremos he will buy it lo comprar you will buy it lo comprar where will you buy it? (plural) dnde lo comprarn? where will you buy it? (friend) dnde lo comprars? too, too much demasiado they won't buy it because it's too expensive no lo comprarn porque es demasiado caro I will be here estar aqu we will be here tomorrow estaremos aqu maana he will be here estar aqu it will be ready for you tomorrow estar listo para usted maana they will be here soon estarn aqu pronto

they are going to be here soon van a estar aqu pronto ("it will be" can come from ser) it will be ser it won't be possible no ser posible I will go see it ir a verlo we will go see it iremos a verlo (4) 5.43 (the -go verbs, in the future, use the ending -dre- instead of -re-) I have tengo I will have tendr we will have tendremos he will have, you will have tendr they will have, you all will have tendrn you will have (friend) tendrs to leave salir I leave salgo I will leave saldr we will leave saldremos he will leave saldr they will leave, you all will leave saldrn you will leave (friend) saldrs I put pongo I will put pondr we will put pondremos they will put, you all will put pondrn you will put (friend) pondrs (with the two friends, digo and hago, you drop the -go- and add the ending -re-) I will do har we will do haremos he will do har they will do harn you will do (friend) hars I will tell dir I will tell you later le dir ms tarde I will tell it lo dir I will tell you le dir I will tell you (friend) te dir we will tell diremos he will tell you le dir he will tell me me dir when will you tell me? cundo me dir? when will you tell me? (friend) cundo me dirs? when will you all tell me? cundo me dirn? (5) 7.32 (for "would", you have a similar ending to the future: -ra) it will be necessary ser necesario

it would be necessary sera necesario it wouldn't be necessary no sera necesario it wouldn't be possible that way no sera posible as I will do it lo har I would do it lo hara I wouldn't do it that way no lo hara as they wouldn't do it no lo haran why wouldn't you do it? (friend) por qu no lo haras? I tell digo I will tell you le dir I wouldn't tell you no le dira he wouldn't tell me no me dira he won't leave today l no saldr hoy he wouldn't leave l no saldra he will have it for you l lo tendr para usted but he wouldn't have it today pero l no lo tendra hoy (6) 9.53 I like, it pleases me me gusta I like to see it me gusta verlo I like very much to see it me gusta mucho verlo I don't like to stay here no me gusta quedarme aqu you like, it pleases you le gusta, te gusta you like? it pleases you? le gusta? we like, it pleases us nos gusta to please gustar it would please me me gustara I would like to see you me gustara verle I would like to go see it with you me gustara ir a verlo con usted to send mandar he is sending it lo manda (with "it - to me", the personal word comes first) he is sending it to me me lo manda he is not sending it to me today no me lo manda hoy but he will send it to me tomorrow pero me lo mandar maana (both words can be hooked onto the end of the "whole" verb) he is going to send it to me tomorrow va a mandrmelo maana he is sending it to me tomorrow me lo manda maana he wouldn't send it to me today no me lo mandara hoy (7) 7.51 I am sending it lo mando I am sending you something le mando algo I am sending you something (friend) te mando algo I am sending it to you (friend) te lo mando I am sending them to you (friend) te los mando ("it - to you" is not le lo but se lo) I am sending it to you se lo mando

I am going to send it to you voy a mandrselo (se lo can mean "it - to you", or "it to him", "it to her", "it to them", "it to all of you". If the context is not clear, you could clarify with voy a mandrselo a usted, or voy a mandrselo a l etc) will you send it to me? can you send it to me? puede mandrmelo? can you send it to him? puede mandrselo (a l)? (8) 4.42 I like to see it, it pleases me to see it me gusta verlo I would like to see it me gustara verlo I would like, I may want, I might want quisiera I would like to see it, I might want to see it quisiera verlo I want to see it quiero verlo it would please me to see it me gustara verlo I like to see it me gusta verlo I might want to see it quisiera verlo it won't be necessary no ser necesario it wouldn't be necessary no sera necesario (9) 6.05 (to go into the past tense in Spanish, you dive. To say "I bought something" you say "I have bought something". After "have", you dive into the past with "bought", which in Spanish ends with -ado with the -ar track, and ends with -ido with the other track) spoken hablado left salido eaten comido sold vendido bought comprado spoken hablado taken tomado to live vivir lived vivido (there are two Spanish verbs for "to be"; similarly, there are two verbs for "to have". The other verb is haber, and it is used for diving into the past. In the present tense, this verb is like the future tense endings, but with the -r- replaced with a -h-) (10) 3.47 I have bought something he comprado algo we have bought hemos comprado (to say "we have bought it", the "it" comes before "have") we have bought it lo hemos comprado he has bought it lo ha comprado he has not bought it no lo ha comprado where have you bought it?, where did you buy it? dnde lo ha comprado? to sell vender he has sold it lo ha vendido (there are a few exceptions) made, done hecho I have done it lo he hecho

we have done it lo hemos hecho said dicho he has told me me ha dicho you have not told me no me ha dicho I told you, I have told you le he dicho (end of recording)

CD 8 (55.02) (1) 5.06 to wait esperar I am waiting espero to find out, to inform oneself informarse I want to inform myself quiero informarme I want to find out where it is quiero informarme donde est to wait esperar I am waiting espero you are waiting, he is waiting, she is waiting espera wait! espere! why are you waiting? por qu espera? why are you waiting? por qu espera? why don't you wait? por qu no espera? (2) 5.03 (in Spanish, "to wait for" is "to wait, to await") I am awaiting you, I am waiting for you le espero I am waiting for you (friend) te espero he is waiting for you (l) le espera she is waiting for you (ella) le espera they are waiting for me me esperan why are you all waiting? por qu esperan? why are you waiting for me? (friend) por qu me esperas? we are waiting esperamos why don't you wait for me? por qu no me espera? why don't you wait for me? (friend) por qu no me esperas? why don't you wait for me? (plural) por qu no me esperan? wait! espere! wait for me here! espereme aqu! (3) 6.32 we are waiting for you le esperamos shall we wait for you? we are waiting for you? le esperamos? ("let's" is the imperative for "we...") let's wait! esperemos! we are waiting esperamos let's wait! esperemos! let's wait here! esperemos aqu! we are buying it lo compramos we are not buying it no lo compramos let's not buy it! no lo compremos! we are selling it lo vendemos let's sell the house! vendamos la casa! don't wait for me! no me espere! wait for me! espereme! I am waiting right now, I am in the process of waiting estoy esperando I have waited he esperado

I have left he salido I am waiting right now estoy esperando I am doing it lo hago I am right now in the process of doing it lo estoy haciendo (4) 7.20 (there is also in Spanish an -ing tense in Spanish, corresponding to "was -ing" and "were so-ing"; we'll call it the "wing tense". For the -ar track, the ending is -aba) I was waiting esperaba I was speaking hablaba I was buying it lo compraba I was preparing it lo preparaba (for the other tracks, the ending is -a) I was leaving sala I was eating coma I was doing it lo haca I was buying it lo compraba I was selling it lo venda I was preparing it lo preparaba he was preparing it lo preparaba you were preparing it lo preparaba you were preparing it (friend) lo preparabas they were preparing it lo preparaban I was doing it lo haca he was doing it lo haca you were doing it lo haca you were doing it (friend) lo hacas they were doing it lo hacan he was telling me me deca I have not understood what you were saying no he comprendido lo que deca (5) 4.23 (in Spanish, the "wing" tense expresses a straight line in the past, but it can also express a broken line in the past, which in English is "I used to do it" or "I did it very often", "I did it every day", "I did it all the time") he did it every day lo haca todos los das done, made hecho (in Spanish, you can also dive after "to be") it is done est hecho I have done it lo he hecho I prepared it, I have prepared it lo he preparado dinner is prepared la cena est preparada I accepted the condition, I have accepted the condition he aceptado la condicin (6) 5.06 told dicho I have told you le he dicho you haven't told me no me ha dicho why haven't you told me? por qu no me ha dicho?

seen visto I have seen it lo he visto I haven't seen it yet, I still haven't seen it todava no lo he visto put puesto where did you put it? where have you put it? dnde lo ha puesto? we have put it here lo hemos puesto aqu to forget olvidar I won't forget it no lo olvidar sure seguro I am sure estoy seguro that we won't forget it que no lo olvidaremos I didn't forget it, I haven't forgotten it no lo he olvidado (7) 4.13 to leave salir to leave something behind dejar message recado I have left a message for you he dejado un recado para usted to spend time pasar (el tiempo) we have spent much time hemos pasado mucho tiempo we didn't spend much time, we have not spent much time no hemos pasado mucho tiempo a good idea una idea that is a very good idea eso es una beuna idea it is not a bad idea no es una mala idea how much time did you spend? cunto tiempo ha pasado? prefer preferir I prefer prefiero I prefer staying here prefiero quedarme aqu (8) 2.26 to feel like tener ganas de I feel like staying here tengo ganas de quedarme aqu with all of you con ustedes I feel like being here with all of you tengo ganas de estar aqu con ustedes (9) 7.30 I would like to see it me gustara verlo I would like to make a reservation me gustara hacer una reservacin how long do you plan on staying? cunto tiempo piensa quedarse? to ask preguntar I would like to ask you me gustara preguntarle I would ask you later le preguntara ms tarde I will ask you later le preguntar ms tarde I'm going to call you later voy a llamarle ms tarde I will call you later le llamar ms tarde (whenever "to" implies "in order to", in Spanish you must use para) I am calling you in order to know le llamo para saber I am going to call you later voy a llamarle ms tarde

I will call you later le llamar mas tarde ...to ask you, in order to ask you para preguntarle with us (others) con nosotros if you can come see it with us tonight si puede venir a verlo con nosotros esta noche (10) 7.20 at what time do we arrive tomorrow? a qu hora llegamos maana? (to say "I have just seen it", in Spanish you say "I just finished from seeing it": acabo de... which translates "I have just..."; this is a quick and painless way to speak in the past tense) I have just left acabo de salir he has just left acaba de salir it makes hace (hace is also used for "ago") ten minutes ago (lit. it makes ten minutes) hace diez minutos he has just left ten minutes ago acabo de salir hace diez minutos I have just seen it acabo de verlo I have just arrived here two days ago acabo de llegar aqu hace dos das I have just arrived here two weeks ago acabo de llegar aqu hace dos semanas (end of recording)