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# DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH

## 1. Calculation of soil bearing capacity:

CalculationsforallowablebearingcapacityofsoilaccordingtoTerzaghiequation q ult =cN cSc + q N q + 0.5 BN S Consider Depth of Foundation = 2.0 m From soil investigation log sheet, SPT Value, N = 6 Type of soil : Cohesion-less
considered= 25Degree

Nc=25.1,Nq=12.7andNg=9.70(Ref.toTable42,Page222,FoundationAnalysis&DesignByJOSEPHE.BOWLES)againstfvalue25Degree. ( Ref. Table 4-1, Page 220, Foundation Analysis & Design -By JOSEPH E. BOWLES) For square footing Sc = 1.3 & S = 0.8 0 For Cohesionless soil c = 16.0 kN/sqm. sub=Submergeddensityofsoil=8.0kN/cum. q =Overburden pressure =sub*Df =

AllowablebearingcapacityofsoilqaatDf=2.0meter(FactorofSafety=3.0)
B (m) Nc Nq N Sc S sub (kN/cum) c (kN/sqm) q (kN/sqm) qu (kPa) qa( kPa ) FS=3

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

## 88.43 90.50 92.57 94.63 96.70 98.77 100.84 102.91

1.1 Loads From Superstructure onto Foundation Top ( at each Pedestal Top ): R f D Ref. Drawing i N No. : SMN/BNGRS/E SMN/BNGRS/EqDes-2 D 2

My 5.7192

## 1.2 Soil Data:

So Net Allowable bearing capacity of soil is considered : 40.00 Unit weight of soil : 18 Frustum angle : 15 Water Table from EGL : 3 kN/m2 kN/m3 Degree m

## 1.3 Material Properties :

Concrete...fc'= Reinforcing Steel..fy= Concrete Clear Cover.= Unit Weight of Concrete.= 20 415 60 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm KN/m3

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## Date : 25 April '11

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE
1.4 Foundation Geometry :
380 380

## 250 200 1675

t' = 450

FSYL. FGL.

D f = 2000

2600

SECTION ON A-A.
110 380 810 810 380 110

Y
625

2000 625

2600

FOUNDATION PLAN
Length of Pad; L = 2.60 m Breath of Pad; B = 2.00 m Pedestal Size; ax = 0.38 m Pedestal Size; ay = 0.75 m Height of Pedestal above EGL; t' = 0.45 m Pad Thickness; t = 0.25 m Foundation Depth; Df = 2.00 m Height of Pedestal T = 2.13 m

## 1.5 Action Forces on Foundation : Weight calculation :

Weight of Pedestal : = 0.38*0.75*2.125*24*2 = 29.07 kNs Weight of Pad : = 2.6*2*0.25*24 = 31.2 kNs Weight of Overburden Soil : =(2.6*2 - 2*0.38*0.75)*(2 - 0.325 )*18 = 139.6 kNs Total Weight = 199.87 kNs Total Submerged Weight = 97.2 kNs Loads at Base Level :

2000

750

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## Date : 25 April '11

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE
Fzb =2* Fz+Total Weight = 233.67kN Mb =2* M+2*Fx*(t'+Df) = 111.0kN.m

Vertical Fz kN 8

## Net Vertical Fzb kN 247

2 : Stability Check :
2.1 : Stability Check for Soil Bearing Capacity : Q = Fzb = 233.67kN F'zb = 131.00kN A = LxB = 5.20

## ; Considered Submerged Condition m2

ex = Mxb/F'zb =
L /6 =
Q 6e 6e y = 1 x = When ex / y < L / 6 q ma x A L B

## 0.847 m 0.433333333 >e

ey = Myb/F'zb = 0.000

B /6 = 0.33333333 >e

q(max) = q(min) =

## Gross allowable soil pressure =44.34+sDf =

76.00

kN/m2 kN/m2

; So consideration is OK.

Net upward thrust qu = 132.77 - 18*2= 96.76 2.2 : Stability Check for Overturning : Maximum Overturning Moment = Myb = 0.00 Total Vertical Submerged Weight = F'zb = 133.50 Min. Resisting Moment = F'zb*B/2 = 133.50 So FOS against Overturning =174.19/24.8 = #DIV/0!

## 3. Structural Design : 3.1 : Design of Pedestal :

Design Loads: Compression =8+0.6*0.6*3.125*24 = 22.535 Mx =Mx+Fy*3.125 = 10.819 My = 10.819 kNs kN.m kN.m

=

h' My b'
P Mc A I mm4

## ( Ref. BS 8110 : Part 1; Page 3/39 )

So Resultant Moment =

1 21.638

kN.m

Max. or Min. stress on the section = max/ min = I = bh3/12 = 13359375000 Maximum stress on the section = Maximum stress on the section = 0.387
0.229

N/mm2 N/mm2

Compression Tension

Both tensile and compressive stresses are within acceptable limit, so no rebar is required from structural point of view. ( Ref. BS 8110 : Part 1, Table 3.27; Page 3/47 ) But as per code Minimun Rebar = 0.004*Ag = 0.004*600*600 mm2. = 1440 mm2. So Use 12 nos. of dia 16mm Bar for Vertical Reinforcement. Use dia 8mm bar @ 250mm c/c for tie.

750

1750

1750

750

## Upward Pressure by Soil

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION
750

1750 1750 750

72.10 kN
750 875 875

72.10 kN
875 875

61.78 kN
750

61.78 kN

72.10 kN

72.10 kN

8.38 kN-m
750 875 875 875

8.38 kN-m
875 750

23.17 kN-m

23.17 kN-m

23.17 kN-m

## Bending Moment Diagram

Clear Cover = 60; so d = 250-60-15 mm =
72.100 72 100 Kns 108.15 Kns 2000 mm So, vc= Vc/bd = 0.309 AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than
In present case which is coming 0.76 Mpa.

mm

N/mm2

0.17

fc '

N/mm2

## 4.2 - Check for Punching Shear :

Vertical Load is very less; so check for Punching is not necessary.

## 4.3 - Check for Bending Moment :

Maximum Moment = 34.755 kN.m (1.5*23.17) Let us check with minimum reinforcement. As per ACI code, Ratio of minimum reinforcement ( in SI unit) is given by =1.4/fy min= 0.00337

f y M u =f y bd 2 1-0.59 f'c
d=

...;Where = 0.9
f y fc' = )

Mu f y b(1-0.59

119.94

mm

; d Provided = 175

mm

Which is less than dprovide ; so OK 4.4 - Reinforcement Calculation : 3.4.1 - Top Reinforcement : Along Long Direction : Mdes =1.5*8.38 = 12.570 KN.m Assuming depth of stress block, a = 2.1 Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 193.5 (Ref. -Design of concrete structure, By-Nilson & Winter,Page 83 ,10th Ed.)

mm mm2

Check for a
a = As*fy/(0.85*fc'*b) = Consideration is OK, So As = 2.4 193.5 mm mm2

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## Date : 25 April '11

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 900 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 12 Nos. So Spacing = (2200-120)/12 = 189 mm Say 170 mm Along Short Direction : As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 1170 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 15 Nos. So Spacing = (5000-120)/28 = 349 mm Say 170 mm 3.4.2 - Bottom Reinforcement : Along Long Direction : Mdes =1.5*23.17 = 34.755 KN.m Assuming depth of stress block, a = 6.0 Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 541.0 (Ref. -Design of concrete structure, By-Nilson & Winter,Page 83 ,10th Ed.) mm2

mm2

mm mm2

Check for a
a = As*fy/(0.85*fc'*b) = Consideration is OK, So As = 6.6 541.0 mm mm2 mm2

As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 900 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 12 Nos. So Spacing = (2200-120)/12 = 171 mm Say 170 mm. Along Short Direction : As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 1170 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 15 Nos. So Spacing = (5000-120)/28 = 349 mm Say 170 mm. mm

mm2

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