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DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH

BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE

1. Calculation of soil bearing capacity:


CalculationsforallowablebearingcapacityofsoilaccordingtoTerzaghiequation q ult =cN cSc + q N q + 0.5 BN S Consider Depth of Foundation = 2.0 m From soil investigation log sheet, SPT Value, N = 6 Type of soil : Cohesion-less
considered= 25Degree

Nc=25.1,Nq=12.7andNg=9.70(Ref.toTable42,Page222,FoundationAnalysis&DesignByJOSEPHE.BOWLES)againstfvalue25Degree. ( Ref. Table 4-1, Page 220, Foundation Analysis & Design -By JOSEPH E. BOWLES) For square footing Sc = 1.3 & S = 0.8 0 For Cohesionless soil c = 16.0 kN/sqm. sub=Submergeddensityofsoil=8.0kN/cum. q =Overburden pressure =sub*Df =

AllowablebearingcapacityofsoilqaatDf=2.0meter(FactorofSafety=3.0)
B (m) Nc Nq N Sc S sub (kN/cum) c (kN/sqm) q (kN/sqm) qu (kPa) qa( kPa ) FS=3

2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4

25.10 25.10 25.10 25.10 25.10 25.10 25.10 25.10

12.70 12.70 12.70 12.70 12.70 12.70 12.70 12.70

9.70 9.70 9.70 9.70 9.70 9.70 9.70 9.70

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

16.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 16.00 16.00

265.28 271.49 277.70 283.90 290.11 296.32 302.53 308.74

88.43 90.50 92.57 94.63 96.70 98.77 100.84 102.91

1.1 Loads From Superstructure onto Foundation Top ( at each Pedestal Top ): R f D Ref. Drawing i N No. : SMN/BNGRS/E SMN/BNGRS/EqDes-2 D 2
LoadDetails: VerticalLoads: WeightofEquipments= WeightofStructure= Wt.ofMan+ErectionKit= TotalVerticalLoad,Fz= HorizontalLoads: WindloadonConductor= WindloadonBushing= WindloadonBaseFrame= WindloadonSupport= TotalHorizontalLoad,Fx= MomentsatPlinthlevel,M: Moment ( kN.m ) Mx 5.7192

9.40kN 2.50kN 5.00kN 16.90kN (Windloadiscriticalthat'swhyseismicloadingcombinationisnottakenintoconsideration) 4.30kN 2.00kN 6.30kN 12.60kN 35.00kN.m Horizontal Load ( kN ) Fx Fy 2*1.2= 2.4 2*1.2= 2.4 Vertical Load ( kN ) 8

My 5.7192

1.2 Soil Data:


So Net Allowable bearing capacity of soil is considered : 40.00 Unit weight of soil : 18 Frustum angle : 15 Water Table from EGL : 3 kN/m2 kN/m3 Degree m

1.3 Material Properties :


Concrete...fc'= Reinforcing Steel..fy= Concrete Clear Cover.= Unit Weight of Concrete.= 20 415 60 24 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm KN/m3

Designed by : Md. Giasuddin

Page 2 of 6

Date : 25 April '11

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE
1.4 Foundation Geometry :
380 380

250 200 1675

t' = 450

FSYL. FGL.

D f = 2000

2600

SECTION ON A-A.
110 380 810 810 380 110

Y
625

2000 625

2600

FOUNDATION PLAN
Length of Pad; L = 2.60 m Breath of Pad; B = 2.00 m Pedestal Size; ax = 0.38 m Pedestal Size; ay = 0.75 m Height of Pedestal above EGL; t' = 0.45 m Pad Thickness; t = 0.25 m Foundation Depth; Df = 2.00 m Height of Pedestal T = 2.13 m

1.5 Action Forces on Foundation : Weight calculation :


Weight of Pedestal : = 0.38*0.75*2.125*24*2 = 29.07 kNs Weight of Pad : = 2.6*2*0.25*24 = 31.2 kNs Weight of Overburden Soil : =(2.6*2 - 2*0.38*0.75)*(2 - 0.325 )*18 = 139.6 kNs Total Weight = 199.87 kNs Total Submerged Weight = 97.2 kNs Loads at Base Level :

Designed by : Md. Giasuddin

2000

750

Page 3 of 6

Date : 25 April '11

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE
Fzb =2* Fz+Total Weight = 233.67kN Mb =2* M+2*Fx*(t'+Df) = 111.0kN.m

Moment kN.m Mx 5.7192 My 5.7192

Horizontal Load kN Fx 2.4 Fy 2.4

Vertical Fz kN 8

Moment at Base Mxb Myb 110.95 0.00

Net Vertical Fzb kN 247

2 : Stability Check :
2.1 : Stability Check for Soil Bearing Capacity : Q = Fzb = 233.67kN F'zb = 131.00kN A = LxB = 5.20

; Considered Submerged Condition m2

ex = Mxb/F'zb =
L /6 =
Q 6e 6e y = 1 x = When ex / y < L / 6 q ma x A L B

0.847 m 0.433333333 >e

ey = Myb/F'zb = 0.000

B /6 = 0.33333333 >e

q(max) = q(min) =

132.8 kN/sqm Compression -42.9 kN/sqm Compression

Gross allowable soil pressure =44.34+sDf =

76.00

kN/m2 kN/m2

; So consideration is OK.

Net upward thrust qu = 132.77 - 18*2= 96.76 2.2 : Stability Check for Overturning : Maximum Overturning Moment = Myb = 0.00 Total Vertical Submerged Weight = F'zb = 133.50 Min. Resisting Moment = F'zb*B/2 = 133.50 So FOS against Overturning =174.19/24.8 = #DIV/0!

kN.m kN kN.m ; Which is more than 1.5 , so OK.

3. Structural Design : 3.1 : Design of Pedestal :


Design Loads: Compression =8+0.6*0.6*3.125*24 = 22.535 Mx =Mx+Fy*3.125 = 10.819 My = 10.819 kNs kN.m kN.m

Resultant Moment = M x '/M y'=M x +


=

h' My b'
P Mc A I mm4

( Ref. BS 8110 : Part 1; Page 3/39 )

So Resultant Moment =

1 21.638

kN.m

Max. or Min. stress on the section = max/ min = I = bh3/12 = 13359375000 Maximum stress on the section = Maximum stress on the section = 0.387
0.229

N/mm2 N/mm2

Compression Tension

Both tensile and compressive stresses are within acceptable limit, so no rebar is required from structural point of view. ( Ref. BS 8110 : Part 1, Table 3.27; Page 3/47 ) But as per code Minimun Rebar = 0.004*Ag = 0.004*600*600 mm2. = 1440 mm2. So Use 12 nos. of dia 16mm Bar for Vertical Reinforcement. Use dia 8mm bar @ 250mm c/c for tie.

4.0 Design of the Pad : 4.1 - Check for Flexural Shear :


Loading diagram results from Upward pressure:

750

1750

1750

750

Designed by : Md. Giasuddin

Page 4 of 6 2.2*37.44 = 82.37 kN/m.

Date : 25 April '11

Upward Pressure by Soil

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION
750

DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE


1750 1750 750

2.2*37.44 = 82.37 kN/m.

Upward Pressure by Soil


72.10 kN
750 875 875

72.10 kN
875 875

61.78 kN
750

61.78 kN

72.10 kN

72.10 kN

Shear Force Diagram


8.38 kN-m
750 875 875 875

8.38 kN-m
875 750

23.17 kN-m

23.17 kN-m

23.17 kN-m

Bending Moment Diagram


Clear Cover = 60; so d = 250-60-15 mm =
72.100 72 100 Kns 108.15 Kns 2000 mm So, vc= Vc/bd = 0.309 AS per ACI Shear Stress applied to concrete should be less than
In present case which is coming 0.76 Mpa.

175 Use FS = 1.5 15

mm

Maximum Shear ; V = So Vu = Where, b=

N/mm2

0.17

fc '

N/mm2

This is much greater than applied stress so consideration is quite Ok.

4.2 - Check for Punching Shear :


Vertical Load is very less; so check for Punching is not necessary.

4.3 - Check for Bending Moment :


Maximum Moment = 34.755 kN.m (1.5*23.17) Let us check with minimum reinforcement. As per ACI code, Ratio of minimum reinforcement ( in SI unit) is given by =1.4/fy min= 0.00337

f y M u =f y bd 2 1-0.59 f'c
d=

...;Where = 0.9
f y fc' = )

Mu f y b(1-0.59

119.94

mm

; d Provided = 175

mm

Which is less than dprovide ; so OK 4.4 - Reinforcement Calculation : 3.4.1 - Top Reinforcement : Along Long Direction : Mdes =1.5*8.38 = 12.570 KN.m Assuming depth of stress block, a = 2.1 Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 193.5 (Ref. -Design of concrete structure, By-Nilson & Winter,Page 83 ,10th Ed.)

mm mm2

Check for a
a = As*fy/(0.85*fc'*b) = Consideration is OK, So As = 2.4 193.5 mm mm2

Designed by : Md. Giasuddin

Page 5 of 6

Date : 25 April '11

DESIGN-BUILD AND TURNKEY CONTRACT FOR EXTENSION OF EXISTING AMINBAZAR 230kV SUBSTATION DESIGN OF FOUNDATION FOR DISCONNECTING SWITCH BPI SUPPORT STRUCTURE
As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 900 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 12 Nos. So Spacing = (2200-120)/12 = 189 mm Say 170 mm Along Short Direction : As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 1170 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 15 Nos. So Spacing = (5000-120)/28 = 349 mm Say 170 mm 3.4.2 - Bottom Reinforcement : Along Long Direction : Mdes =1.5*23.17 = 34.755 KN.m Assuming depth of stress block, a = 6.0 Area of steel, As = M*1000000/(0.9*fy*(d-a/2)) = 541.0 (Ref. -Design of concrete structure, By-Nilson & Winter,Page 83 ,10th Ed.) mm2

mm2

mm mm2

Check for a
a = As*fy/(0.85*fc'*b) = Consideration is OK, So As = 6.6 541.0 mm mm2 mm2

As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 900 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 12 Nos. So Spacing = (2200-120)/12 = 171 mm Say 170 mm. Along Short Direction : As per Code Min Rebar Required = 0.0018bt = 1170 Consider bar Size = 10 mm So Nos. of Bars = 15 Nos. So Spacing = (5000-120)/28 = 349 mm Say 170 mm. mm

mm2

Designed by : Md. Giasuddin

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Date : 25 April '11