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PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH CAESAR II

by Andrey Puruhita

PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH CAESAR II


What the different with piping stress ? Pipeline burried modeling Anchor block restrain Load case combination & result

The difference of piping & pipeline stress analysis


Piping modeling Code requirement shall use ASME B31.3 Aboveground Many support or restrain needed Pipeline modeling Code requirement use ASME B31.4 for liquid & B31.8 for gas transmission Usually Underground Shall use anchor block as a restrain from abovegroundunderground conversely

Burried Pipe
Buried pipe deforms laterally in areas immediately adjacent to changes in directions In areas far removed from bends and tees the deformation is primarily axial

PIPELINE BURRIED MODELING


The Buried Pipe Modeler is started by selecting an existing job, and then choosing menu option Input-Underground from the CAESAR II Main Menu Enter the soil data using Buried Pipe - Soil Models Describe the sections of the piping system that are buried, and define any required fine mesh areas using the buried element data spreadsheet Convert the original model into the buried model by the activation of option Buried Pipe - Convert Input

Input soil models

The buried element description spreadsheet serves several functions


It allows the user to define which part of the piping system is buried. It allows the user to define mesh spacing at specific element ends. It allows the input of user defined soil stiffnesses

Burried pipe example

Anchor Block Restrain


Pipeline with a long distance needs block valve, there were a change direction from underground to aboveground In this situation pipeline must be installed with anchor block before and after aboveground pipe

Why we need anchor block ?


To prevent stress failed on block valve due to axial deformation of a long pipeline

Example of block valve modeling

Anchor block

Anchor block

Load Case Combination


To check stress analysis on pipeline shall use several load case combination as folow :

Sustain Load ( W + P) Thermal Load (T) Combination Load ( W + T + P)

Caesar Stress Result


CAESAR II STRESS REPORT FILE:FOR TUTORIAL CASE 3 (OPE) W+T2+P1 DATE:OCT 1,2009 --Stress(lb./sq.in.)----(lb./sq.in.)-ELEMENT BENDING TORSION SIF'S ALLOWABLE NODES STRESS STRESS IN/OUT PLANE STRESS STRESS % HIGHEST STRESSES: (lb./sq.in.) OPE STRESS %: 21.06 @NODE 90 STRESS: 12636.4 ALLOWABLE: 60000.0 BENDING STRESS: 3254.8 @NODE 90 TORSIONAL STRESS: 0.0 @NODE 49 AXIAL STRESS: 9455.2 @NODE 130 3D MAX INTENSITY: 30120.4 @NODE 20

60 70 80 90 90 95

1357. 919. 1461. 3255. 3255. 2703.

0. 1.000 / 1.000 10739. 60000. 18. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10300. 60000. 17. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10842. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12085. 60000. 18. 60000. 21. 60000. 21. 60000. 20.

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