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Guide for Testing SAP Financial

TESTING Unit Testing When you test every single document is called unit testing. String Testing One transaction full activity is called string testing . For example Vendor invoice, goods received and vendor payment. Integration Testing It is purely with other modules and we have to check whether the FI testing is working with other related modules or not. Regression Testing Testing for whole database. Bring all the data into another server and do the testing is called regression. UAT When we test any particular document with the user and if it is ok immediately we have to take the signature on the document, which is signed off and can be forwarded to the immediate boss. There are some steps to be followed when we go for user acceptance testing. Transaction Script Writing Expected Results Compare with Actual Results TPR (Transaction Problem Reporting) While doing the user acceptance testing if we get any problems then there are some methodologies to be followed according to the companys policy and normally as a tester we always need to write on Test Script itself. Key Features Understanding the business scenarios Organization Structure to incorporate the tune of the script. Preparation of test scripts Execute and record results to see if it is fine before going to approval. Make changes to your test script if required. What is Test Script (Scenario Testing) Header Data Step in Process Transaction Code / Program (FB60) Menu Path Description Field Data and actions to complete Expected Results Actual Results TPR Closing Period F.19 Clearing GR/IR Account

F.13 Adjustments GR/IR Account Using of these above two accounts will help us in clearing the balances and adjustments to those respective clearing accounts so that the GR/IR account will be zero balance and the balances will appear in respective reconciliation accounts accordingly the balances will be carried forwarded to next fiscal year.

GR/IR Clears the following Documents GL Document Customer Documents Vendor Documents Assignment Field is important in any document (ZUONR), Amount (DMBTR) Foreign Currency Valuation Lowest Value Method, If we are in loss then only we will account for it. GL Accounts which are important in Testing Enjoy Transaction - FB50 Normal Transaction - FB01 Document Parking - FV50 Post with Clearing - F-04 Incoming Payment - F-06 Outgoing Payment - F-07 Document Related Reset Cleared Items - FBRA Parking Document Posting - FBVO Reversal Documents - F-14 Company Code Clearing A/C (Trial Balance purposes) reversal - (FBUB) Clearing Account Partial clearing Invoice - 100 - Open Item Paid - 70 - Open Item Balance - 30 In Partial Clearing you can see 100 and 70 are cleared line items and 30 as balance and if it is in Residual you can only 30 as balance as it creates new line item and you cant see the other cleared line items.

Company Code Currency Only Balances in local currencies Reconciliation Account Type Year End Scripts Re Grouping Receivables / Payables - (F101)

Bad Debts Provisions Scripts We assume that the customer has not paid at the end of the year you doubt whether this receivable will ever be paid. So you make a transfer posting for the receivables to an account for individual value adjustments using special GL Indicator E and Transaction Code F-21 Carry forward Balances Sub Ledgers and General Ledger balances to be forwarded to next Fiscal Year Accounts Payables Vendor Down Payments Invoice Parking Reversal Outgoing Payments Automatic Clearing Manual Clearing Advance (Down Payment) Post with Clearing Post without Clearing Reset Clearing Carry forward Regrouping Foreign Currency Valuations Accounts Receivables Customer Down Payments Invoice Parking Reversal Incoming Payments Manual Clearing Advance (Down Payment) Post with Clearing Post without Clearing Reset Clearing Carry forward Regrouping Foreign Currency Valuations