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© Competenz - N Z Engineering Food & Manufacturing Industry Training Organisation Inc.

MARKING-OUT INFORMATION SHEETS MEL02INF4436 v1.2

HEALTH & SAFETY REQUIREMENTS

SHEETS MEL02INF4436 v1.2 HEALTH & SAFETY REQUIREMENTS RECORDING REQUIREMENTS: Record the results of your work on
SHEETS MEL02INF4436 v1.2 HEALTH & SAFETY REQUIREMENTS RECORDING REQUIREMENTS: Record the results of your work on

RECORDING REQUIREMENTS: Record the results of your work on Task Worksheet MEL02TWS01 v1.3 REFERENCES: This document relates in part to the requirements of Unit Standard 4436 v5

MARKING OUT

The purpose of marking-out is to; Define the shape of an article Indicate position of holes and other features Provide alignment and machining marks Minimize material wastage

Marking-out techniques include the use of datum, pitch circle diameters (PCD) and templates.

Marking-out is usually done on a firm, flat work surface or vertically using marking-out tools on a surface table.

Marking-out Using Datums

Effective marking-out requires clean edges and faces on the work piece, and uses a combination of at least two primary reference points such as Datum Points, Datum Lines and Datum Edges.









Marking-out using datums can be done using either;

 Simple hand tools such as a ruler, scriber, square and odd-leg calipers, or

 Vertical marking-out tools such as an angle plate, scribing block or vernier height gauge situated on a marking-out table

Tools Commonly Used for Marking-out Tasks

Steel Rule Scriber Engineers Square Dividers Odd-leg calipers Center and Dot-Punches
Steel Rule
Scriber
Engineers Square
Dividers
Odd-leg
calipers
Center and
Dot-Punches
Square Dividers Odd-leg calipers Center and Dot-Punches Vee Blocks Combination Set Angle Plates Scribing Block
Square Dividers Odd-leg calipers Center and Dot-Punches Vee Blocks Combination Set Angle Plates Scribing Block

Vee Blocks

Combination Set Angle Plates Scribing Block Height Gauge
Combination Set
Angle Plates
Scribing Block
Height
Gauge

Surface Table

Angle Plates Scribing Block Height Gauge Surface Table Parallels SMART TIP! When finished, on return the
Angle Plates Scribing Block Height Gauge Surface Table Parallels SMART TIP! When finished, on return the

Parallels

SMART TIP! When finished, on return the tool to its storage box, tool cabinet or
SMART TIP!
When
finished,
on return
the
tool
to
its storage
box,
tool
cabinet
or
the
marked
place
the
workshop
shadow
board.

Marking Hole Positions Along a Centerline

Marking Hole Positions Along a Centerline Brush a thin layer of marking blue onto the surface

Brush a thin layer of marking blue onto the surface of the metal bar to highlight the lines.

onto the surface of the metal bar to highlight the lines. Use odd-leg calipers to find

Use odd-leg calipers to find and scribe the centerline along the bar using one edge as the datum.

the centerline along the bar using one edge as the datum. Use a rule, scriber and

Use a rule, scriber and square to mark the hole positions along the centerline working from the datum at one end of the bar.

centerline working from the datum at one end of the bar. Use a rule to re-check

Use a rule to re-check the marked position. Center punch the location of each hole ready for drilling.

SMART TIP!

PCD

on

Marking Hole Positions on a Pitch Circle Diameter (PCD)

o n Marking Hole Positions on a Pi tch Circle Diameter (PCD) Use an engineers square

Use an engineers square and odd-leg calipers to mark the position of the PCD centerlines from the datum edges.

the position of the PCD centerlines from the datum edges. Center punch the PCD center-point and

Center punch the PCD center-point and use a pair of dividers to scribe the pitch circle. Trammels are required for scribing larger PCDs.

HANDY HINT; to ensure clean marking out, check the caliper, divider and center punch tips are not worn or damaged.

divider and center punch tips are not worn or damaged. Calculate the hole positions and use

Calculate the hole positions and use dividers to step-out and scribe the positions around the PCD.

to step-out and scribe the positions around the PCD. Recheck the scribed positions. If OK, center

Recheck the scribed positions. If OK, center punch the location of each hole ready for drilling.

of Hole positions the calculated holes a by;
of Hole
positions
the calculated holes
a by;

be

circumference

can

number

dividing

the

by

PCD

the

or,

of

jig-boring

using

by

tables.

coordinate

Marking Shapes and Hole Positions Using Templates

Templates are commonly made of sheet metal, plastic and wood and shaped to represent the finished article. Templates can be simple geometric shapes or detailed profiles used for fabricating complex structures.

Hole positions in the template are marked on the work-piece surface using transfer punches.

marked on the work-piece surface using transfer punches . Use an a square, odd-leg calipers, a

Use an a square, odd-leg calipers, a rule and a scriber to lay-out the template

calipers, a rule and a scriber to lay-out the template Locate the template on the alignment

Locate the template on the alignment marks. Clamp in place if necessary.

HANDY HINT; templates are a useful time-saver when marking-out repetitive fabrication work.

time-saver when marking-out repetitive fabrication work. Use a scriber to mark-out the template profiles. Use

Use a scriber to mark-out the template profiles. Use transfer punches to mark the locations of the holes ready for drilling. Use a rule to re- check the profiles and hole positions.

Marking-out Using a Combination Set

Marking-out Using a Combination Set A scriber and a combination set protractor can be used for

A scriber and a combination set protractor can be used for marking-out virtually any angle from a datum face.

used for marking-out virtually any angle from a datum face. A scriber and a combination try-square

A scriber and a combination try-square can be used for marking-out at 90º and 45º to a datum face.

be used for marking-out at 90º and 45º to a datum face. A combination set center-finder

A combination set center-finder is used for scribing intersecting lines to establish the center of a round bar or circular shape.

Marking-out On a Table Work requiring accuracy to within 0.15 mm can be done using a scribing block. Accuracy to within 0.02 mm can be achieved by using a vernier height gauge.

Vee blocks are used to support and clamp round work pieces during marking out with
Vee blocks are used to support and
clamp round work pieces during marking
out with a vernier height gauge.
The round bar should be supported on
the angled faces of the vee block.
should be supported on the angled faces of the vee block. An angle plate can be
should be supported on the angled faces of the vee block. An angle plate can be

An angle plate can be used to hold larger work pieces while marking-out vertical distances using a vernier height gauge.

Smaller, less accurate marking-out can be done using a scribing block.

SMART TIP! Check any to as the tool for damage or such any faults worn,
SMART TIP!
Check
any to as
the tool for
damage
or
such
any faults
worn,
or
missing
parts,
calibration
the expired broken
or
tool
not
zeroing.
Report
problems
your supervisor.
Use a scriber to mark the
final position prior to riveting,
bolting-up or welding.
Steel beam
The glass or plastic vial on a spirit level
is usually marked in 1-degree increments.
A small air bubble sits central to the vial
when the level is placed on a horizontally
true surface.
Plumb-bob
Flat and true machined surface.

Check for a true right-angle using an Engineers Square or a Rafter Square.