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SGC 2013 GeoSpatial E-Learning

Welcome to SGC2013 E-Learning portal! This portal will help you grasp the gist of GIS (Geographic Information Systems aka Geospatial Sciences) so that your team can outwit others in the challenge!

GIS touches almost all aspects of our daily lives from delivering mail correctly to monitoring dengue clusters, from primary school enrolment eligibility to live traffic condition updates. GIS is a part of our everyday life and you will be enlightened to it.
This E-Learning section will take you through what GIS is, and how it is used to solve real life problems. Sobe prepared to get your geo-brain tickled!

Chapter One: Demystifying GIS

LOCATION

LOCATION

LOCATION
GIS is about location, location, location. It should be viewed as a technology, NOT just another computer system. GIS is an integrated set of hardware and software tools used for digital spatial (geographic) data manipulation, management and analysis, to solve problems or make decisions. Any profession or industry that has location information can harness GIS to empower its occupational / organisational excellence.
Source: 1. http://bgis.sanbi.org/gis-primer/page_10.htm 2. http://localsearchmarketingtactics.com/ 3. http://maps.google.com.sg/

You are given the following industries or professions. Which are the ones that requires or possess information about LOCATION, and which ones dont ? A Fast Food Chain B Fashion Design C Accountancy D Medical & Health Care E Bus Service Operator F Banking Industry G Musical Album Production H Telecommunication

You are given the following industries or professions. Which are the ones that requires or possess information about LOCATION, and which ones dont ? A Fast Food Chain YES! I need to know where is the next best location to open the new outlet. B Fashion Design NO! I dont need location information in order to accomplish my design. C Accountancy NO! I dont really need location information to complete my financial statements. D Medical & Health Care YES! I need to know the current hotspots of the deadly disease. E Bus Service Operator YES! I need to know which bus route is underserved or overloaded. F Banking Industry YES! I need to make sure that our service match the population profile of this area. G Musical Album Production NO! Location doesnt really impact the quality of the album that I produce. H Telecommunication YES! I need to know if this particular place has sufficient 3G wireless coverage.

Now you have a better idea about the relevance of GIS, dont you?

GIS links geographic information (features) with descriptive information (attributes). GIS can be described as having multiple layers of data assembled into a digital map. GIS is dynamic user can interact with the map rather than just looking at it. It allows user to visualize, explore, edit, and analyze geographic information, thus greatly increases its variety of uses.

This animation shows how data layers are assembled in GIS.


Source: 1. http://alexandriava.gov/GIS 2. http://www.co.goodhue.mn.us

One of the most valuable aspects of GIS is how data can be analyzed spatially to unveil NEW information! The animated image above illustrates how a user can quickly identify all addresses within 150m of an MRT station by using GIS. A list of the affected addresses can then be churned out for study.
Source: 1. http://alexandriava.gov/GIS

Which of the following CANNOT be displayed on a map? A Museums

B Blood Types
C Interior Design D Shopping Malls

E Non-Smoking Areas
F CPU (Central Processing Unit) G Heritage Trees

H Wind Directions
I Cup Cake Recipe J Gender & Age

Which of the following CANNOT be displayed on a map? A Museums location of museums as displayed in tourist map B Blood Types C Interior Design D Shopping Malls location of shopping malls as displayed in tourist map E Non-Smoking Areas can be indicated on a map F CPU (Central Processing Unit) G Heritage Trees can be indicated on a map (e.g. for Nparks maintenance) H Wind Direction as in wind direction map I Cup Cake Recipe J Gender & Age can be indicated on a map (e.g. gender & age group map of a census)

These entities are either cant be mapped out or too insignificant to be displayed on a map.

Stay tuned for the next update!

END OF CHAPTER 1