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LESSSON PLAN INTEGRATED SCIENCE CLASS VIII SEMESTER 1 USES OF CHEMICAL MATERIAL IN HOME

BY AMALINA DEVI K3310006 CHEMICAL EDUCATION FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY SURAKARTA 2012

LESSON PLAN

EDUCATION UNIT BASIC MATERIAL CLASS/ SEMESTER MAIN CONTENT BASIC COMPENTENCE

: JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL AZZAHRO : INTEGRATED SCIENCE : VIII / I : USES OF CHEMICAL MATERIAL IN HOME : UNDERSTAND THE USES OF CHEMICAL

SUBSTANCE IN DAILY LIVE STANDAR COMPETENCE : COMMUNICATE THE INFORMATION ABOUT USES AND THE IMPACT OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE MEETING TIME ALLOCATION : 1 : 2 x 40 menit

I. I.

INDICATOR Cognitive 1. Product 1. Mention the uses of chemical substance 2. Mention the impact of chemical substance 3. Identify about the cleaner substance 4. Identify about the whitening substance 5. Identify about the odorous substance 6. Identify about the insects rooter out 7. Identify about the bahan bakar 8. Mention the effort to prevent the bad impact of uses the chemical substance 2. Process 1. Describe the good impact and the bad impact of uses the chemical substance 2. Mention the kinds of cleaner, whitening, odorous, and insects rooter out substance

II. 1.

Affective Character 1. Curious

2. Work Hard 3. Cooperation 4. Discipline 5. Confidence 6. Creative 7. Responsibility 2. Developing social skills Skilled in discussing cooperation with friend

II. Purposes A. Cognitive 1. Produk 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Student can mention the uses of chemical substance Student can mention the impact of chemical substance Student can identify about the cleaner substance Student can identify about the whitening substance Student can identify about the odorous substance Student can identify about the insects rooter out Student can identify about the bahan bakar Student can mention the effort to prevent the bad impact of uses the chemical substance 3. Proses 1. Student can describe the good impact and the bad impact of uses the chemical substance 2. Student can mention the kinds of cleaner, whitening, odorous, and insects rooter out substance 1. Affective A. Character 1. 2. 3. Curious Work Hard Cooperation

4. 5. 6. 7.

Discipline Confidence Creative Responsibility

B. Developing Social Skills Skilled in discussing cooperation with friend

III.

PRECONDITION MATERIAL Physical and Chemical Properties Some physical properties of an object are as follows: 1. States of matter: solid, liquid, gas. 2. Color and smell. 3. The taste, the nature of an object related to the composition of a substance in a material. 4. Mass, the mass of a substance can be measured using scales or balance. 5. Volume, volume can be measured with a measuring cup. 6. Solubility. Solubility is the ability of a substance to dissolve in a solvent. 7. Boiling point, melting point, and freezing point. 8. Violence. Hardness is the resistance properties of a substance to friction and forging. 9. Magnetism is a trait that is related to the ability of a substance to be affected by a magnetic field. 10. Conductivity, which is a trait that is related to the ability of a substance to conduct electricity or heat. The properties are classified as chemical properties such as: 1. Easy to whether or not an object / substance burned. 2. Stability, easy or not an object / substance decomposed by heat influence. 3. Reactivity, easy or not a substance to react with other substances. 4. Rusty, easy or not a substance to form rust.

IV.

LESSON MATERIAL A. Household Chemicals Household chemicals can be grouped into four categories:

1. Cleaner Cleansing works to clean various household objects from the dirt. There are several types of chemicals that can be used as a cleanser. For example, body cleansers, cleaning hair, motorcycle and car cleaners, cleaning dishes, cleaning clothes, and floor cleaners. The cleaners are known in general with detergent. 2. Bleach Product function bleach to whiten white clothes stains are difficult to clean with ordinary cleansers. In addition to whiten clothes, there is also a whitening product that serves to whiten the face or body. 3. Fragrance Products used to scent a room deodorizer or body. Deodorizer product was a liquid, such as fragrances, body, hair, and clothing. 4. Insect repellent Product insect repellent or insecticide used to kill insects that damage or disturb humans, such as mosquitoes, flies, and cockroaches. Most insect repellent products on the market is to eradicate mosquitoes. This product is commonly known as 'repellent'.

B. Effect of Use of Household Chemicals As for some of the effect of using household chemicals, among others: 1. Effect of Chemicals in Cleaning Products How does the influence of chemicals in the cleaning products so that the chemical can clean the dirt? Soap molecule consists of two parts, namely the part that is hydrophilic and hydrophobic. Hydrophilic part is the part that likes water or polar. The hydrophobic part is the part that does not like water or nonpolar nature. 2. Effect of Chemicals on Whitening Products White clothing when exposed to dirt, it is usually difficult to clean with ordinary soap products. Therefore, the necessary additional chemicals to whiten back the soiled clothes bleach. The active ingredient is a hypochlorite bleach. For example on a floured bleach containing hypochlorite Ca (ClO2) is usually known chlorine and bleach contains sodium hypochlorite (NaClO). 3. Effect of Chemicals in Fragrance Products

Materials for the scent wardrobe usually use mothballs or better known as camphor. 4. Effect of Chemicals in Products Insect Exterminator Insect repellent products is very diverse. Insects are the most disturbing mosquitoes. Usually the chemicals found in insecticides consisting of carbamate compounds, phosphates and chlorine. C. Side Effects Using Household Chemicals and Prevention Besides gives benefits, the use of chemicals in cleaning products, bleach, deodorant, insect repellent excessive and can cause side effects on the body, health, and the environment. 1. Side Effects Use of Cleaning Products Side effects of the use of soap or detergent is causing household waste in the form of foam. Posed foam soap that can be broken down by microorganisms in the soil, while the foam produced from difficult detergent broken down by microorganisms in the soil.

2. Use Side Effects Whitening Clothing bleach usually contains chlorine compounds that can damage fabric fibers and colors of clothing. In addition, chlorine compounds can also cause irritation to the skin. Skin whitening ingredient that contains excessive mercury or mercury can damage the nervous system, because mercury is a kind of toxic chemicals and very harmful to health. 3. Side Effects of Using Fragrance Products The purpose of using materials to produce a perfume is the fragrance wearer, personal items, or the air around them. However, most of us do not realize that fragrance products can be dangerous to our health, especially for pregnant women. 4. Side Effects of Product Use Insect Exterminator With aerosol insect repellent products can lead to depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. Role of stratospheric ozone protects life on earth from ultra-violet radiation. Ozone depletion will increase the number of patients with skin cancer significantly, including malignant melanoma, and people with cataracts. It also can damage agricultural products. Anti mosquito, including the pesticides (pest control), so that the anti-mosquito drugs also contain toxins.

V.

ENRICHMENT MATERIALS Detergents waste Today, water pollution becomes a serious problem. Household wastes stemming from the use of detergents and various types of soap to be one of the causes of water pollution. Detergent harder broken down by microorganisms in the soil than soap. Some of the side effects of the use of detergents on the environment is as follows. a. Detergent foam that accumulates on the surface of the river will prevent the absorption of oxygen from the air into the water stream. As a result, the river water will decrease oxygen levels, which in turn would cause the animals who live in it died. b. The growth of certain algae and water hyacinth will increase rapidly due to increased phosphate levels in the water due to the presence of detergents. If the surface of the water until it is covered by the growth of aquatic plants, phytoplankton is the chance you should get enough sunlight for photosynthesis becomes distracted and eventually die. As a result, many water animals come to die because life just rely on the consumption of phytoplankton there. c. If the water is polluted by the detergent used for bathing, water can cause irritation and itching on sensitive skin. d. If the water is polluted by the detergent used for cooking or drinking, water can cause stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and so on.

VI.

LEARNING MODEL Learning model : Cooperation Learning Model (SCL) using Jigsaw method

Learning Method : Presentation, Discussion, and provision of information duties

V.

LESSON ACTIVITIES NO ACTIVITIES TIME ALLOCATION A. Initial activities a. Apperception What is your body soap? Is that same with detergent? 10 minutes CHARACTER

curious

With what you clean your tooth? Is that same with shampoo? b. Orientation Teacher tells about the learning objective today about uses Discipline

chemical substance in daily live c. Motivation Teacher deliver the benefit of studying The uses of chemical substance in home daily live B. 1 Core Activities Exploration a. Teacher deliver the material that will be studied b. Divided student in 5 group 10 minures content of 5 6 member pergroup c. Give every group the material case (different each group) d. Give every group a flip chart paper to write down the Curious Creative Discipline Creative

presentation of material case 2 Elaboration Student do the discussion 15 minutes Cooperation Discipline Creative Work hard 3 Confirmation Student present the result of discussion by the direction 2 stay 2 spray 25 minute Work hard Confidence Creative

Final Activities a. Teacher provide individual test at the end of learning about the material that has been discussed b. Teacher give the reward for the best group and Teacher Student conclude the learning outcomes today c. Teacher give student homework 10 minutes to do evaluation in book Responsible Work hard Honest d. Teacher give information of the next meeting Responsible Appreciate achievement Creative 10 minutes Work hard Honest

VI.

REFFERENCE Nurachmandani, S dan Samsulhadi, S. 2010. Buku Sekolah Elektronik Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (Terpadu). Jakarta: P.T. Grahadi. Karim, Saeful, dkk (2008). Belajar IPA Membuka Cakrawala Alam Sekitar Untuk Kelas VIII SMP & MTs. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Sutresna, Nana, dkk (2007). Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam untuk Kelas VIII SMP. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Yuli Sugeng Irianto, dkk (2008). Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Kelas & SMP dan MTs. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

VII.

ASSESSMENT A. Assessment of Discussion B. Assessment of post test C. Assessment of affective

Knowing, Head Master of Junior High School Azzahro

Surakarta, December 31st 2012 Teacher,

Drs. Yudi Kasturi, M.Hum NIP. 19902399449905055

Amalina Devi, S.Pd, M.Sc NIP. 19920398346473920

GRATING PROBLEM KOGNITIVE ASSESSMENT SHEET

NO

PROBLEM INDICATOR

RATE

NUMBER

Student can explain C3 the reason of using safety substance chemical

Student

can C2

distinguish the kind of chemical substance 3 Student can mention C1 the good and bad impact of chemical substance 4 Student can mention C2 the basic substance of some chemical 4 3,5

substance which are used in daily live

COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT SHEET

SUBSTANCE

: Integrated Science : Monday, December 31st 2012 : 10 minutes

CLASS/SEMESTER : VIII DAY/DATE Time

1. What the reason of recommendation of using the biodegradable detergent? 2. What are the differences between body soap and detergent? 3. What are the impacts of using whitening substrate? 4. What are the impacts of using mosquito spray? 5. What is the basic chemical substance which is used in cleaner, whitening?

ANSWER KEY AND SCORING OF COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT SHEET 1. The term biodegradable refers to the ability of a material to be broken down, by a group of biological organisms called decomposers, into various other compounds. Decomposers are a necessary component of a balanced ecosystem present in natural waters and sediments, and are encouraged in sewage treatment works. Bacteria are the most common decomposers. (2) 2. Soap is the result of fatty acid neutralization process using alkali Detergent / detergent is a mixture of chemical substances of natural or synthetic that has properties that can draw impurities from the media. So if we tell which one is better comparing detergent / detergent or soap distinctly different functions. Soap is usually used to clean a product that relate directly to human skin like soap / hand soap that needs moisturizing soap in this case is usually called moisture if a soap has a moisture making big then we use the more delicate skin. Detergent are surface active agents that function lift impurities present on the surface of certain substances. in fact, in Indonesia people about the laundry soap detergent only when the truth in all aspects of our lives using detergent.(4) 3. Side effects can be mild irritation, erythematous, hyperpigmented, to more severe disorders such as contact dermatitis pigmented, ookronosis, contact leukoderma fiber pigmentation of the nails, and cancer(3) 4. Side effects of the use of insect repellent products and its prevention. Although the product is used as an insect repellent insect venom, this product can also be toxic to the human body. DDT compounds found in the body in certain amounts can cause toxicity. (2) 5. Basic Material of Chemical Substance in daily live (5) a. Cleaner Substance i. ii. iii. Body Soap : Potassium salt with coconut oil and fragrant Washing soap : Sodium salts Tooth past : Potassium hydroxide

b. Whitening substance : Chlorine compound c. Odorous substance : fragrance, etanol, water

d. Cleaning germs : toxic salts, arcenic, chlorine, DDT, fluoride e. Fuels : methane, ethane, propane

Score =

X 100

Maximum Score = 100

GUIDELINE QUESTIONNAIRE ASSESSMENT AFFECTIVE ASPECT

Item Number No 1 2 3 4 Rate Receiving Responding Valuing Organization Indicator + Have want to try Give attention in practice Obey the regulation Like something positive Responsible in doing duty that given 6 1 9 3 10 5 4 2 8 7

AFFCTIVE ASSESSMENT SHEET AFFECTIVE QUESTIONNAIRE INSTRUCTURE

Direction : 1. Read carefully every statement bellow 2. Answer every statement according to the condition in you 3. Complete the column by giving (v) sign SA A NA SNA : Strongly Agree : Agree : Not Agree : Strongly Not Agree

No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Statement I always pay my concentration fully when study in the class I often enter the class late, because I feel bored when study the chemistry I like to study about chemistry When discussion time, I often have talk with my friend When discussion time, I only stalking my name in the group, without do the discussion

SA A

NA SNA

6. 7. 8.

I better to do the discussion than only silent, because I can know the knowledge by do it. I like to copy my fiends task When teacher explain the material, I prefer to study it by my self

9. 10.

I always pay attention when my teacher explain the material I always come on time in class, because I want to study well

SCORING GUIDELINES AFFECTIVE ASPECT

A. Positive Characteristic Score for aspect which being assess SA (Strongly Agree) A (Agree) NA (Not Agree) SNA (Strongly Not Agree)

Value 4 3 2 1

B. Negative characteristic Score for aspect which being assess SA (Strongly Agree) A (Agree) NA (Not Agree) SNA (Strongly Not Agree)

Value 1 2 3 4

C. Affective aspect criteria No Students Score 1 2 3 4 20 16 15 11 10 6 50

Category Characteristic Very Good Good Less Very Less