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Midterm Study Guide

1. Why are results important? A: results to form a new hypothesis and plan a new experiment.
2. Conducting multiple trials and have another scientist repeat the experiment will increase or decrease the accuracy of results. 3. What is the best evidence of the extinction theory? A: That magnetic mapping of rocks that reveals a buried crater in Mexico 4. What did Gregor Mendel have to provide as support for his theory of inheritance? A: Data from his experiments. 5. What fact supports the theory of the continental drift that todays continents were once part of a larger landmass that broke up and drifted apart? A: The Atlantic coastlines of South America and Africa fit together like puzzle pieces. 6. What is an explanation for why scientific theories are modified? A: New evidence that supports a revision encourage scientists to modify the earlier theories. 7. Is it important for scientists to be unbiased when investigating their theories? 8. What is the purpose of repeating trials conducted after reaching a conclusion? 9. Erosion is a powerful force that shapes Earths surface. Deep, V-shaped canyons are formed as rivers and streams carve into the rock and soil. Which of these methods might a scientist have used to develop the idea of erosion? A: Observe rocks and rock layers along the banks of rivers 10. What do eukaryotic cells have that prokaryotic cells do not have? 11. What is the cytoskeleton? 12. What are Ribosomes? 13. Where is the nucleus located min an animal cell? 14. What is DNA? 15. What are amino acids? 16. What are the small dots on the ER? What do they do? 17. What is the most common element is the human body? 18. Explain how to classify organisms. 19. The phylogenic tree to show relationships among organisms. Know how to read one. 20. What are the two parts of a scientific name?

21. Which of the following pairs of statements would be the best first step in Thuys dichotomous key above? A. a. Leaf has rough edges. b. Leaf has smooth edges. C. a. Leaf has one main vein. b. Leaf has more than one main vein. B. a. Leaf is large. b. Leaf is small. 22. New rabbits that live near another group of rabbits are discovered by Sue. The new rabbits have very distinct fur colors but have slightly different ears and tails. Otherwise they look much the same physically as the other group of rabbits. How can Sue determine if the groups of rabbits belong to the same species as the other group of dogs? A: They could study their _________material.

23. Cells must be able to perform certain functions in order to survive. What 2 things must all cells do to survive? 24. What is an important job of the tissues, organs, and organ systems? A: To maintain __________. 25. What is Photosynthesis 27. What is homeostasis? 26. How is Chlorophyll used? 28. What is the cell theory?

29. A plant turning so that the leaves face the sunlight coming through a window is an example is a ___ response. 30. The roots of the flower are made of? A: They are made of two or more types of _________ that work together to perform a function. 31. What are 5 functions of the skeletal system? 32. How do the skeletal system and nervous system work together? 33. How could a brain injury affect the body? 34. Which two body systems make movement possible? 35. What does it mean if your blood pressure is too high? 36. What 3 systems have similar functions? A: reproductive system, endocrine system, lymphatic system 37. Where will silt and clay particles carried by a river most likely be deposited? A: Mouth of a river 38. What term describes one or more cells that carries out all of its own activities needed for life? 39. Which change will an El Nio event most likely cause? A: warmer than usual temperatures in the northern United States
40. Earth is composed of layers. In what layer of Earth is the crust?
A B C D outer core inner core lithosphere mantle

41. Which of the following is an effect of deforestation?

A B C D decreased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere decrease in topsoil in deforested areas decreased nitrogen in the atmosphere decreased runoff in deforested areas

42. Pluto was originally thought to be a planet, but was reclassified as a dwarf planet in 2006. What is one reason why Pluto is no longer classified as a planet?
A B C D Pluto is made of ices. Pluto rotates in the opposite direction to the other planets. Pluto is the most distant object in the solar system. There are still many small objects within Plutos orbit.