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1. 2. Why subnet? 4. Why subnet? 6. Why subnet? 3. Reduced network traffic 5. Optimized network performance 7. Simplified management 9.

Facilitated spanning of large 8. Why subnet? geographical distances 11. allows you to use the first and last 10. IP Subnet-Zero subnet in your network design; turned this command on by default 13. all nodes in the network use the 12. Classful Routing same subnet mask 15. each network segment can use a different subnet mask 17. 32-bit value that allows the recipient of IP packets to distinguish the 16. Subnet Mask network ID portion of the IP address from the host ID portion of the IP address 19. /25 (with ip subnet-zero), /26, /27, 18. Class C Subnet Masks /28, /29, /30 21. 10000000 = 128 23. 11000000 = 192 25. 11100000 = 224 27. 11110000 = 240 29. 11111000 = 248 31. 11111100 = 252

14. Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSMs)

20. /25 22. /26 24. /27 26. /28 28. /29 30. /30

33. 2^x where x is the number of 32. How many subnets? masked bits (or 1's) 35. 2y - 2 where y is the number of 34. How many valid hosts per subnet? unmasked bits (or 0's) 37. 256 - subnet mask = block size; start 36. What are the valid subnets? with 0 and add the block size until the mask value is reached 39. The number just before the next 38. What's the broadcast address of each subnet? subnet; the broadcast of the last subnet is always 255 41. The numbers between the subnets 40. What are the valid hosts in each subnet? 42. Given 192.168.10.0/28, what is the subnet mask? 44. Given 192.168.10.0/28, How many subnets? 46. Given 192.168.10.0/28, How many hosts per subnet? 48. Given 192.168.10.0/28, What are the valid subnets? 50. Given 192.168.10.0/28, What's the broadcast address for each subnet? 52. Given 192.168.10.0/28, What are the valid hosts? 54. Given 172.16.0.0/18, How many subnets? 56. Given 172.16.0.0/18, How many hosts per subnet? 58. Given 172.16.0.0/18, What are the valid subnets? 59. 0.0, 64.0, 128.0, and 192.0 57. 16,382 55. 4 53. .1 - .126 & .129 - .254 51. 127 & 255 49. 0 & 128 47. 126 45. 2 and the broadcasts omitting the all 0s and all 1s 43. 255.255.255.128

60. Given 172.16.0.0/18, What's the broadcast address for each subnet? 62. Given 172.16.0.0/18, What are the valid hosts? 64. What subnet and broadcast address is the IP address 172.16.10.33 255.255.255.224 (/27) a member of? 66. What subnet and broadcast address is the IP address 172.16.66.10 255.255.192.0 (/18) a member of? 68. What subnet and broadcast address is the IP address 172.16.50.10 255.255.224.0 (/19) a member of? 70. What subnet and broadcast address is the IP address 172.16.46.255 255.255.240.0 (/20) a member of? 72. What subnet and broadcast address is the IP address 172.16.45.14 255.255.255.252 (/30) a member of? 74. What is the subnet and broadcast address of the host 172.16.88.255/20? 76. A router receives a packet on an interface with a destination address of 172.16.46.191/26. What will the router do with this packet?

61. 63.255, 127.255, 191.255, 255.255 63. .0.1 - .63.254, .64.1 - .127.254, .128.1 - .191.254, .192.1 - .255.254

65. the 10.32 subnet; The broadcast is 10.63

67. The subnet is 172.16.64.0. The broadcast must be 172.16.127.255

69. The subnet is 172.16.32.0, and the broadcast must be 172.16.63.25 71. This subnet address must be in the 172.16.32.0 subnet, and the broadcast must be 172.16.47.255

73. The subnet is 172.16.45.12, with a broadcast of 172.16.45.15

75. the subnet is 80.0 and the broadcast address is 95.255

77. Discard it; by default will discard any broadcast packets

79. Create many networks using subnet 78. Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSMs) 80. Classful Routing masks of different lengths from one network 81. all interfaces within the classful

address space have the same subnet mask 82. Classful Routing Protocols 84. Classless Routing Protocols 86. Variable Length Subnet Masks (VLSMs) 83. RIPv1 and IGRP 85. RIPv2, EIGRP, or OSPF 87. Use different size masks on each router interface 89. Ping 127.0.0.1 (loopback), Ping the 88. 4 Troubleshooting Steps local host, Ping Default Gateway (router), Ping remote destination 90. Additional Windows Troubleshooting 92. Additional Cisco Troubleshooting 94. Unable to Ping Loopback 93. Tracert, Show ip arp 95. IP stack failure; Reinstall TCP/IP 97. Problem with the NIC; Replace the 96. Unable to Ping Local Host NIC 99. Local physical network problem 98. Unable to Ping Default Gateway between NIC and router 101. 100. Unable to Ping Remote Remote physical network 91. Traceroute, Arp -a, Ipconfig /all

problem between NIC and destination; Additional troubleshooting required at destination 102. Able to ping but still unable 103. 105. 104. 192.168.100.25/30 Possible DNS problem /30 is 255.255.255.252. The Destination

to communicate

valid subnet is 192.168.100.24, broadcast is 192.168.100.27, and valid hosts are 192.168.100.25 and

26 107. /28 is 255.255.255.240. The

fourth octet is a block size of 16. Just count by 16s until you pass 37. 0, 16, 106. 192.168.100.37/28 32, 48. The host is in the 32 subnet, with a broadcast address of 47. Valid hosts 33-46 109. /27 is 255.255.255.224. The

fourth octet is a block size of 32. Count by 32s until you pass the host 108. 192.168.100.66/27 address of 66. 0, 32, 64. The host is in the 32 subnet, broadcast address of 63. Valid host range of 33-62. 111. 110. 192.168.100.17/29 /29 is 255.255.255.248. The

fourth octet is a block size of 8. 0, 8, 16, 24. The host is in the 16 subnet, broadcast of 23. Valid host 17-22 113. 112. 192.168.100.99/26 /26 is 255.255.255.192. The

fourth octet has a block size of 64. 0, 64, 128. The host is in the 64 subnet, broadcast of 127. Valid host 65-126 115. 114. 192.168.100.99/25 /25 is 255.255.255.128. The

fourth octet is a block size of 128. 0, 128. The host is in the 0 subnet, broadcast of 127. Valid host 1-126 116. You have a Class B network 117. This is 5 bits of subnetting,

and need 29 subnets. What is your mask? 118. What is the broadcast

which provides 32 subnets. This is our best answer, a /21 119. /29 is 255.255.255.248. This

address of 192.168.192.10/29?

is a block size of 8 in the fourth

octet. 0, 8, 16. The host is in the 8 subnet, broadcast is 15 121. 120. How many hosts are available with a Class C /29 mask? /29 is 255.255.255.248,

which is 5 subnet bits and 3 hosts bits. This is only 6 hosts per subnet 123. /23 is 255.255.254.0. The

122.

What is the subnet for host

third octet is a block size of 2. 0, 2, 4. The subnet is in the 16.2.0 subnet, the broadcast address is 16.3.255 125. A /27 (255.255.255.224) is 3

ID 10.16.3.65/23?

124.

What is the maximum

bits on and 5 bits off. This provides 8 subnets, each with 30 hosts. Does it matter if this mask is used with a Class A, B or C network address? Not at all. The amount of hosts bits would never change.

number of IP addresses that can be assigned to hosts on a local subnet that uses the 255.255.255.224 subnet mask?

126.

You have a network that

127.

A 240 mask is 4 subnet bits

needs 29 subnets while maximizing the number of host addresses available on each subnet. How many bits must you borrow from the host field to provide the correct subnet mask?

and provides 16 subnets, each with 14 hosts. We need more subnets, so let's add subnet bits. One more subnet bit would be a 248 mask. This provides 5 subnet bits (32 subnets) with 3 hosts bits (6 host per subnet). 129. This is a pretty simple

question. A /28 is 255.255.255.240, 128. What is the subnetwork which means that our block size is 16 in the fourth octet. 0, 16, 32, 48, 64, 80, etc. The host is in the 64 subnet. 130. The network address of 131. A CIDR address of /19 is address for a host with the IP address 200.10.5.68/28?

172.16.0.0/19 provides how many subnets and hosts?

255.255.224.0. This is a Class B address, so that is only 3 subnet bits but provides 13 host bits, or 8 subnets, each with 8,190 hosts. 133. The mask 255.255.254.0

(/23) used with a Class A means that there are 15 subnet bits and 9 hosts bits. The block size in the third octet is 2 (256 - 254). So this makes the 132. Which two statements subnets in the interesting octet 0, 2, 4, 6, etc., all the way to 254. The host 10.16.3.65 is in the 2.0 subnet. The next subnet is 4.0, so the broadcast address for the 2.0 subnet is 3.255. The valid host addresses are 2.1 through 3.254. 135. 134. If a host on a network has A /30, regardless of the class describe the IP address 10.16.3.65/23?

of address, has a 252 in the fourth octet. This means we have a block size of 4 and our subnets are 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, etc. Address 14 is obviously in the 12 subnet.

the address 172.16.45.14/30, what is the subnetwork this host belongs to?

136.

On a VLSM network, which

137.

A point-to-point link uses

mask should you use on point-topoint WAN links in order to reduce the waste of IP addresses?

only two hosts. A /30, or 255.255.255.252, mask provides two hosts per subnet. 139. A /21 is 255.255.248.0,

138.

What is the subnetwork

which means we have a block size of 8 in the third octet, so we just count by 8 until we reach 66. The subnet in this question is 64.0. The next subnet

number of a host with an IP address of 172.16.66.0/21?

is 72.0, so the broadcast address of the 64 subnet is 71.255. 140. You have an interface on a 141. A /29 (255.255.255.248),

router with the IP address of 192.168.192.10/29. Including the router interface, how many hosts can have IP addresses on the LAN attached to router interface?

regardless of the class of address, has only three hosts bits. Six hosts is the maximum amount of hosts on this LAN, including the router interface. 143. A /29 is 255.255.255.248,

142.

You need to configure a

which is a block size of 8 in the fourth octet. The subnets are 0, 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, etc. 192.168.19.24 is the 24 subnet, and since 32 is the next subnet, the broadcast address for the 24 subnet is 31. 192.168.19.26 is the only correct answer. 145. A /29 (255.255.255.248) has

server that is on the subnet 192.168.19.24/29. The router has the first available host address. Which of the following should you assign to the server?

144.

You have an interface on a

a block size of 8 in the fourth octet. This means the subnets are 0, 8, 16, 24, etc. 10 is in the 8 subnet. The next subnet is 16, so 15 is the broadcast address. 147. You need 5 subnets, each

router with the IP address of 192.168.192.10/29. What is the broadcast address the hosts will use on this LAN?

146.

You need to subnet a

with at least 16 hosts. The mask 255.255.255.240 provides 16 subnets with 14 hoststhis will not work. The mask 255.255.255.224 provides 8 subnets, each with 30 hosts. This is the best answer.

network that has five subnets, each with at least 16 hosts. Which classful subnet mask would you use?

148.

A network administrator is

149.

First, if you have two hosts

connecting hosts A and B directly

directly connected, as shown in the

thorough their Ethernet interfaces as shown in the illustration. Ping attempts between the hosts are unsuccessful. What can be done to provide connectivity between the hosts?

graphic, then you need a crossover cable. A straight-through cable won't work. Second, the hosts have different masks, which puts them in different subnets. The easily solution is just to set both masks to 255.255.255.0 (/24). 151. A /25 mask is

255.255.255.128. Used with a Class B network, the third and fourth octets are used for subnetting with a 150. If an Ethernet port on a total of 9 subnet bits, 8 bits in the third octet and 1 bit in the fourth octet. Since there is only 1 bit in the fourth octet, the bit is either off or onwhich is a value of 0 or 128. The host in the question is in the 0 subnet, which has a broadcast address of 127 since 128 is the next subnet. 153. 152. Using the following A /28 is a 255.255.255.240

router were assigned an IP address of 172.16.112.1/25, what would be the valid subnet address of this host?

mask. We need to count to the eighth subnet, not starting at subnet-zero. 16, 32, 48, 64, 80, 96, 112, 128. The ninth subnet is 144 (we need this to help us find the 128 subnet broadcast address, which is 143).The valid host range for the eight subnet (not using subnet zero) is 129 through 142. The last available IP address available in the eighth subnet is 142. illustration, what would be the IP address of E0 if you were using the eighth subnet? The network ID is 192.168.10.0/28 and you need to use the last available IP address in the range. The zero subnet should not be considered valid for this question

154.

Using the illustration from 155. A /28 is a 255.255.255.240 mask. The first subnet is 16 (remember that the question stated not to use subnet zero) and the next subnet is 32, so our broadcast address is 31. This makes our host range 17-30. 30 is the last valid host.

the previous question, what would be the IP address of S0 if you were using the first subnet? The network ID is 192.168.10.0/28 and you need to use the last available IP address in the range. Again, the zero subnet should not be considered valid for this question

157. 156. Which configuration

A Class C subnet mask of

255.255.255.224 is 3 bits on and 5 bits off (11100000) and provides 8 subnets, each with 30 hosts. However, if the command ip subnetzero is not used, then only 6 subnets would be available for use. 159. A Class B network ID with a command must be in effect to allow the use of 8 subnets if the Class C subnet mask is 255.255.255.224?

/22 mask is 255.255.252.0, with a block size of 4 in the third octet. The 158. You have a network with a network address in the question is in subnet 172.16.16.0 with a broadcast address of 172.16.19.255. Only option E even has the correct subnet mask listed, and 172.16.18.255 is a valid host. 161. The routers IP address on the

subnet of 172.16.17.0/22. Which are valid host addresses?

160.

Your router has the

following IP address on Ethernet0: 172.16.2.1/23. Which of the following can be valid host ID's on the LAN interface attached to the router?

E0 interface is 172.16.2.1/23, which is a 255.255.254.0. This makes the third octet a block size of 2. The routers interface is in the 2.0 subnet, the broadcast address is 3.255 because the next subnet is 4.0. The

valid host range is 2.1 through 3.254. The router is using the first valid host address in the range. 162. To test the IP stack on your 163. To test the local stack on

local host, which IP address would you ping?

your host, ping the loopback interface of 127.0.0.1