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Generation of electricity by speed breakers

ABSTRACT
This is a power project based on the fact that how electricity can be generated with the help of speed breaker by making gear arrangement and using electronics gadgets, thus a huge amount of electricity can be generated saving lot of money. And if implemented will be very beneficial for society. An energy crisis is great bottleneck in the supply of energy resources to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage of oil and additionally to electricity or other natural resources or price rise of energy cost. An energy crisis may be referred to as an oil crisis, petroleum crisis, energy shortage, electricity shortage electricity crisis. While not entering a full crisis, political riots that occurred during the 2007 Burmese antigovernment protests were initially sparked by rising energy prices. Likewise the RussiaUkraine gas dispute and the Russia-Belarus energy dispute have been mostly resolved before entering a prolonged crisis stage. Market failure is possible when monopoly manipulation of markets occurs. A crisis can develop due to industrial actions like union organized strikes and government embargoes. South African electrical crisis Solution for Energy Crisis NEXT time on the roads, dont scoff at the speed-breakers. They could actually light up small villages off the highway. This project is about GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY with the SPEED BREAKERS. Generally when vehicle is in motion it produces various forms of energy like, due to friction between vehicles wheel and road i.e. rough surface HEAT Energ y is produced,

also when vehicle traveling at high speed strikes the wind then also heat energy is produced which is always lost in environment and of which we cant make use of.OR directly we can say that all this energy that we cant make use of is just the WASTAGE OF ENERGY that is abundantly available around us. In this project we are just trying to make use of such energy in order to generate an ELECTRICAL ENERGY. This project will work on the principle of POTENTIAL ENERGY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONVERSION Potential energy can be thought of as energy stored within a physical system. This energy can be released or converted into other forms of energy, including kinetic energy. It is called potential energy because it has the potential to change the states of objects in the system when the energy is released If the height above an arbitrarily assigned reference point, then Kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy which it possesses due to its motion. It is defined as the work needed to accelerate a body of a given mass from rest to its current velocity. Having gained this energy during its acceleration, the body maintains this kinetic energy unless its speed changes. Negative work of the same magnitude would be required to return the body to a state of rest from that velocity. The kinetic energy can be calculated using the formula: In this project a mechanism to generate power by converting the potential energy generated by a vehicle going up on a speed breaker into kinetic energy. When the vehicle moves over the inclined plates, it gains height resulting in increase in potential energy, which is wasted in a conventional rumble strip When the breaker come down, they crank a lever fitted to a ratchet-wheel type mechanism (a angular motion converter). This in turn rotates a geared shaft loaded with recoil springs. The output of this shaft is coupled to a dynamo to convert kinetic energy into electricity. A vehicle weighing 1,000 kg going up a height of 10 cm on such a rumble strip produces approximately 0.98 kilowatt power. So one such speed-breaker on a busy highway, where about 100 vehicles pass every minute, about one kilo watt of electricity can be produced every single

BLOCK DIAGRAM

ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM SPEED BREAKER


The demand for power is increasing enormously.... So there is a need to generate power from every possible means rather than solely depending on power generaton from power plants.. Hence i would like to present an idea of generatng electric power at low cost using simple mechanism of converting mechanical energy to electrical energy..

The idea is '"Generating electric power from speed breakers"

i.e, To generate electricity using the vehicle weight (potential energy) as input...As already known we need a generator to generate electricty and obviously the prime mover to it will be the vehicle weight.

then the generated elecctricity is stored in batteries and will be further used for various purposes like lighting up the street lamps, providing power to the nearby slums at low cost etc...

>Thus this project accomplishes

Low Budget electricity production Less floor area No obstruction to traffic Easy maintenance Suitable at parking of multiplexes, malls, toll booths, signals, etc. Uses: Charging batteries and using them to light up the streets, etc.

procedure:: Possible using 3 different mechanisms: I.Crank-shaft mechanism II.Roller mechanism III.Rack- Pinion mechanism

Rack-pinion mechanism is better to prefer because of the following reasons:: >>Crank-shafts are required to be mounted on bearings which creates balancing problem leading to mechanical vibrations which in turn damage the bearings. Secondly as bearings are of sliding type, any occurrence of variable load( which is bit obvious in caseof vehicles!!) leads to balancing problem

>>Roller mechanism has some different disadvantages. Maintenance will be very difficult Might cause collision. >>Rack-Pinion assembly gives good mounting convenience Maximum gear losses 3 to 5% Efficiency 95%

>>A dc generator whose shaft is coupled to the roller mechanism is used for

generating electrical output.

Selection of springs. Achieving proper balance of speed and torque....should be taken care to yield better efficiency..

Future Scope:: Such speed breakers can be designed for heavy vehicles, thus increasing input torque and ultimately output of generator. More suitable and compact mechanisms to enhance efficiency.