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SMK KOTA KEMUNING

BIOLOGY FOLIO

TITLE:CELL ORGANISATION IN PLANTS

NAME :NUR HAZIQAH BINTI MOHD JAKI CLASS:4 SCIENCE 4

Objective
-To gather information about cell organisation in plants -to have a better understanding about the cell organization in plants

What is cells organisation & cell specialisation


Cells have different appearances and perform different functions (or jobs) they are specialized for certain tasks. For example: 1)Nucleus 2)Cell wall

Diagram 1 :nucleus and cell wall 3)Mitochondria/Mitochondrian

Diagram 2 :mitochondria under electron micrograph 4)Choloroplasts

Diagram 3:choloroplast under electron micrograph

The importance of organisation & cell specialisation


-Peloside mesophyll cells Consist of elobgated ,cyndrical cells,arranged vertically and close to one another ,situated just below the upper epidermis.This allows as much light as possible to reach chloroplast for maximum absorption of sunlight

diagram 4:peloside mesophyll cells under electron micrograph -xylem vessels Have no cytoplasm ,hence ,water can pass freely .The end walls pass freely .The end walls of the cells have tiny holes ,and the cells form a continuous vessel or tube which allows water and mineral salts to be transported in cells

Diargram 5: xylem vessels

-guard cells Specialised epidermal cells at the lower epidermis which are kidney-shaped whenturgid.They control the size of the stoma by changing their shape.

Diagram 6:guard cells under electron micrograph -Root hairs Root hair have a long extension which increases the surface area for absorption of mineralsand water from the soil.

What are cells?


The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all known living organisms.

1.LYSOSOME

2.NUCLEUS

3.MITOCHONDRIA

4.CYTOPLASM

What are tissues?


-Tissues are groups of similar cells that do the same thing in the body

epidermal tissue

parenchyma tissue

collenchymas tissue

sclerenchyma tissue

What are organs?


Differentiated part of an organism, such as an eye, wing, or leaf, that performs a specific function.

leave

stem

roots

flower

What are system?


A set of organs working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network.

root system-absorptive system

vascular system

shoot system

photosynthesis system

What are organism?


An organism is an individual form of life, such as plants, animals, protist, bacterium, or fungi. It is a body made up of organs, organelles, or other parts that work together to carry on the various processes of life. In short, a living thing.a single living cell.

Ophiopogon japonicas

sunflowerplant

rose plant

Conclusion
All living things are made of cells. Cells make up all of the parts of an organism and are responsible for everything that goes on inside the organism. Cell theory explains the connection between cells and living things. According to Dr. Charles Mallory, a biology professor at The University of Miami, the principles of cell theory include: 1. All organisms are made up of cells. 2. Cells are the basic units that form the structure and carry out the functions of all organisms. 3. Cells are formed only from other cells. 4. Cells contain the genetic instructions of organisms. 5. Cells control the metabolism and biochemistry of organisms.Complex organisms are made up of billions of tiny cells. The structure of an organism depends on the way its cells are arranged. The variety of ways that cells are put together accounts for the biodiversity of organisms. Cells are involved in all the processes in an organism's body and carry out the fundamental activities that make life possible. The cell's nucleus acts like a brain to control all of the cell's functions. Within the nucleus are thin strands of genetic material that contain the instructions for directing all of the cell's activities. Genetic information is passed from one generation of cell to another when cells divide.Manycelled organisms have cells designed for specific jobs. Similar cells often work together in a group called a tissue. Tissues are organized into organs that perform a set of functions. Organs work together in organ systems to carry out major activities within the body, such as photosynthesis and respiration. The cell's nucleus acts like a brain to control all of the cell's functions. Within the nucleus are thin strands of genetic material that contain the instructions for directing all of the cell's activities. Genetic information is passed from one generation of cell to another when cells divide.Many-celled organisms have cells designed for specific jobs. Similar cells often work together in a group called a tissue. Tissues are organized into organs that perform a set of functions. Organs work together in organ systems to carry out major activities within the body, such as digestion and respiration. Thats why cells are very important to plants.

Reference

1)internet -www.angelfire.com/tx/introductionto/ organs.html

-http://www.scribd.com/doc/17230022/24-Cell-Organisation-in-Plants - http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/system - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_(biology) - www.angelfire.com/tx/introductionto/ tissues.html


2)books -Biology form 4 text book -oxford fajar,success,biology,page 33 37 3)friends