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Aggregate planning

Plans

1. Chase strategy (zero inventory) We will consume the entire purchased inventory by the end of the month (i.e. at the beginning of each month the inventory is zero).

2. Uniform strategy (constant workforce).

3. Mixed strategy.

Tutorial 3 problem 1

Toy

Assembly Time (min)

fraction

1

3

0.076923

2

8

0.205128

3

6

0.153846

4

4

0.102564

5

8

0.205128

6

10

0.25641

sum

39

1

Assembly time for one aggregate unit is 39 minutes

t

1

2

 

3

4

 

D(t)

x

     

(

)

(

)

(

)

(

)

(

)

(

)

t

1

2

 

3

4

 

D(t)

460

466.7

460.5

534.87

Another approach is based on thinking of the aggregate unit as an average product at an average assembly time

Assembly time of aggregate unit is 6.5 minute

Toy

Assembly Time (min)

fraction

 

1

 

3

0.461538

2

 

8

1.230769

3

 

6

0.923077

4

 

4

0.615385

5

 

8

1.230769

6

 

10

1.538462

Average

 

6.5

 

6

t

1

2

 

3

 

4

D(t)

2750

2800

2763

3209

Problem 2

We first calculate the average selling price per unit and use this measure to represent the selling price of the aggregate unit. Then we calculate the equivalent units for each product as the ratio between its selling price and the selling price of the aggregate units.

     

Equivalent

Toy

Assembly Time (min)

selling price

unit

1

 

3

 

10

0.260869565

2

 

8

 

40

1.043478261

3

 

6

 

20

 

0.52173913

4

 

4

 

20

 

0.52173913

5

 

8

 

60

1.565217391

6

 

10

 

80

2.086956522

 

Sum

 

230

Average

 

38.33333333

 

Selling price of one aggregate unit = LE 38.33

t

1

 

2

 

3

4

D(t)

2749

 

2911

2885.2

3307

The demand of aggregate units at

Average demand of aggregate unit=

Since the assembly is not proportional to the unit selling price per unit of aggregate product will be evaluated for each quarter separately. This is done by multiplying the demand of each product by its assembly time then summing up the results for all products and dividing the summation by the demand value in aggregate units in the given period.

t

1

2

3

4

Assembly time

6.52

6.25

6.22

6.31

Problem 4

mont

deman

cumulative

Productio

cumulative

I_

Number of

hire

fire

 

h

d

demand

n

production

t

workers

d

 

d

1

30

30

30

30

 

0

 

10

0

 

10

2

60

90

60

90

 

0

 

20

10

 

0

3

55

145

55

145

 

0

 

19

0

 

1

4

55

200

55

200

 

0

 

19

0

 

0

5

50

250

50

250

 

0

 

17

0

 

2

6

45

295

45

295

 

0

 

15

0

 

2

7

40

335

40

335

 

0

 

14

0

 

1

8

70

405

70

405

 

0

 

24

10

 

0

9

95

500

95

500

 

0

 

32

8

 

0

10

260

760

260

760

 

0

 

87

55

 

0

11

240

1000

240

1000

 

0

 

80

0

 

7

12

200

1200

200

1200

 

0

 

67

0

 

13

Cost plan

 
 

For 1200/12=100

 

month

demand

cumulative demand

Production

cumulative production

I_t

No of workers

hired

fired

1

30

30

100

 

100

70

34

14

0

2

60

90

100

 

200

110

34

0

0

3

55

145

100

 

300

155

34

0

0

4

55

200

100

 

400

200

34

0

0

5

50

250

100

 

500

250

34

0

0

6

45

295

100

 

600

305

34

0

0

7

40

335

100

 

700

365

34

0

0

8

70

405

100

 

800

395

34

0

0

9

95

500

100

 

900

400

34

0

0

10

260

760

100

 

1000

240

34

0

0

11

240

1000

100

 

1100

100

34

0

0

12

200

1200

100

 

1200

 

0

34

0

0

Mixed strategy 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Mixed strategy
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
commulative demand Uniform stategy Mixed Cumulative 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
commulative demand
Uniform stategy
Mixed Cumulative
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14

Production period 1 to 8 =

Production period 8 to 12 =

Cost=655600