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Aggregate planning

Plans

1. Chase strategy (zero inventory) We will consume the entire purchased inventory by the end of the month (i.e. at the beginning of each month the inventory is zero).

2. Uniform strategy (constant workforce).

3. Mixed strategy.

Tutorial 3 problem 1

 Toy Assembly Time (min) fraction 1 3 0.076923 2 8 0.205128 3 6 0.153846 4 4 0.102564 5 8 0.205128 6 10 0.25641 sum 39 1

Assembly time for one aggregate unit is 39 minutes

 t 1 2 3 4 D(t) x ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) t 1 2 3 4 D(t) 460 466.7 460.5 534.87

Another approach is based on thinking of the aggregate unit as an average product at an average assembly time

Assembly time of aggregate unit is 6.5 minute

 Toy Assembly Time (min) fraction 1 3 0.461538 2 8 1.230769 3 6 0.923077 4 4 0.615385 5 8 1.230769 6 10 1.538462 Average 6.5 6 t 1 2 3 4 D(t) 2750 2800 2763 3209

Problem 2

We first calculate the average selling price per unit and use this measure to represent the selling price of the aggregate unit. Then we calculate the equivalent units for each product as the ratio between its selling price and the selling price of the aggregate units.

 Equivalent Toy Assembly Time (min) selling price unit 1 3 10 0.260869565 2 8 40 1.043478261 3 6 20 0.52173913 4 4 20 0.52173913 5 8 60 1.565217391 6 10 80 2.086956522 Sum 230 Average 38.33333333 Selling price of one aggregate unit = LE 38.33 t 1 2 3 4 D(t) 2749 2911 2885.2 3307

The demand of aggregate units at

Average demand of aggregate unit=

Since the assembly is not proportional to the unit selling price per unit of aggregate product will be evaluated for each quarter separately. This is done by multiplying the demand of each product by its assembly time then summing up the results for all products and dividing the summation by the demand value in aggregate units in the given period.

 t 1 2 3 4 Assembly time 6.52 6.25 6.22 6.31

Problem 4

 mont deman cumulative Productio cumulative I_ Number of hire fire h d demand n production t workers d d 1 30 30 30 30 0 10 0 10 2 60 90 60 90 0 20 10 0 3 55 145 55 145 0 19 0 1 4 55 200 55 200 0 19 0 0 5 50 250 50 250 0 17 0 2 6 45 295 45 295 0 15 0 2 7 40 335 40 335 0 14 0 1 8 70 405 70 405 0 24 10 0 9 95 500 95 500 0 32 8 0 10 260 760 260 760 0 87 55 0 11 240 1000 240 1000 0 80 0 7 12 200 1200 200 1200 0 67 0 13 Cost plan ⏟ ⏟ ⏟ ⏟ ⏟ For 1200/12=100 month demand cumulative demand Production cumulative production I_t No of workers hired fired 1 30 30 100 100 70 34 14 0 2 60 90 100 200 110 34 0 0 3 55 145 100 300 155 34 0 0 4 55 200 100 400 200 34 0 0 5 50 250 100 500 250 34 0 0 6 45 295 100 600 305 34 0 0 7 40 335 100 700 365 34 0 0 8 70 405 100 800 395 34 0 0 9 95 500 100 900 400 34 0 0 10 260 760 100 1000 240 34 0 0 11 240 1000 100 1100 100 34 0 0 12 200 1200 100 1200 0 34 0 0
Mixed strategy
1400
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0
commulative demand
Uniform stategy
Mixed Cumulative
0
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Production period 1 to 8 =

Production period 8 to 12 =

Cost=655600