Sie sind auf Seite 1von 2

Chakma language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chakma language (Changma Vaj or Changma Kodha) is an Indo-European language spoken by the Chakma people. Its better-known closest relatives are Bengali, Assamese, Chittagonian, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Tanchangya, Rohingya and Sylheti. It is spoken by nearly 310,000 people in southeast Bangladesh near Chittagong City, and another 300,000 in India in Mizoram, Assam, and Tripura. It is written using the Chakma script, which is also called Ajh ph, sometimes romanized Ojhopath. Literacy in Chakma script is low. It is not officially recognized by the Bangladesh government. Although there were no Chakma language radio or television stations as of 2011, the language has a presence in social media and on YouTube. The Hill Education Chakma Script ( website provides tutorials, videos, e-books, and Chakma language forums.[1] In 2012, the Government of Tripura announced it would "introduce Chakma language in Chakma script in primary schools of Tripura. Imparting of education up to elementary stage in mother tongue is a national policy. To begin with Chakma language subjects in its own scripts will be introduced in 58 primary schools in Chakma concentrated areas."[2]

Changma Kodha Native to Bangladesh, India, Burma Region Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura Ethnicity Chakma, Daingnet Native 300,000 in India (date missing) speakers 335,000 in Bangladesh (2000) 60,000 in Burma (1995) Language Indo-European family Indo-Aryan Indo-Aryan Eastern BengaliAssamese Chakma Chakma Tongchengnya (Dainet)[citation needed] Writing system Language codes ISO 639-3 Either:
ccp ( /documentation.asp?id=ccp)


Chakma script

Chakma Tangchangya

tnv (

"In preparation for the January 2014 education season, the national curriculum and textbook board has already started printing books in six languages ... Chakma, Cogborok (Tripura community), Marma, Santal, Sadri (Orao community) and Achik (Mandi community)."[3]



The Chakma and Daingnet people now speak what may be considered divergent dialects of Bengali. However, this is due to language shift from a Tibeto-Burman language; that medieval language may have been related to Sak (Beckwith 2002) or Chairel (Voegelin 1977).

Chakma script

1. ^ "Languages: Online Activism To Save Chakma Language" ( /11/29/languages-online-activism-to-save-chakma-language/). Rising Voices. 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2012-09-02.

1 of 2

6/12/2013 6:33 PM

Chakma language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2. ^ Hueiyen News Service / Newmai News Network (2012-08-31). "Chakma script to be introduced in Tripura" ( E-Pao! Headlines. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 3. ^ Chowdhury, K.R. (2013-05-21). "Native tongue offers ethnic children a good start" ( Retrieved 2013-06-02.

Cm, Cirajyoti and Magal Cgm. 1982. Cmr g pudhi (Chakma primer). Rami:Cmbh Prakan Pariad. Khisa, Bhagadatta. 2001. Cm pattham pt (Chakma primer.) Rami: Tribal Cultural Institute(TCI). Sing. 2004. Phagad Christopher Beckwith, 2002, Medieval Tibeto-Burman Languages, p 83

Media related to Chakma language at Wikimedia Commons Ethnologue report ( Unicode Font for the language ( Chakma Script ( Chakma Bangla Blog ( "Chakma alphabet, pronunciation and language" ( Omniglot. Retrieved 2012-09-02. "About UNICODE Chakma Font (Script) supported in your any OS" ( /Forums/en-US/Offtopic/thread/dc77a1cf-04ac-4db0-bb56-6da9244e584e). Retrieved 2012-09-02. "Tribal Languages - Bangladesh Wiki ()" ( /page/Tribal+Languages). Retrieved 2012-09-02. "Honour for writers" ( The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata). 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2012-09-02. Retrieved from "" Categories: Language stubs Eastern Indo-Aryan languages Languages of Bangladesh Languages of India Chakma This page was last modified on 2 June 2013 at 12:37. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

2 of 2

6/12/2013 6:33 PM