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TDA2003

10W CAR RADIO AUDIO AMPLIFIER DESCRIPTION


The TDA 2003 has improved performance with the same pin configuration as the TDA 2002. The additional features of TDA 2002, very low number of external components, ease of over-range,load dump voltage surge up to 40V AND fortuitous open ground.

assembly, space and cost saving, are maintained. The device provides a high output current capability (up to 3.5A) very low harmonic and cross-over distortion. Completely safe operation is guaranteed due to protection against DC and AC short circuit between all pins and ground thermal

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATIONGS


Symbol VS VS VS LO LO PTOT Tstg:Tj Parameter Peak supply voltage(50ms) DC supply voltage Operating supply voltage Output peak current (repetitive) Output peak current (non repetitive) Power dissipation at Tcase=900C Storage and junction temeperature Value 40 28 18 3.5 4.5 20 -40to150 Unit V V V A A W
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TEST CIRCUIT

PIN CONNECTION(top view)

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SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM

THERMAL DATA
Symbol Rth-j-case Parameter Thermal resistance junction-case max Value 3 Unit
0

C/W

DC TEST CIRCUIT

AC TEST CIRCUIT

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ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS(VS=14.4V,Tamb=250C unless otherwise specified)
Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit

DC CHARAC TERISTICS (Refer to DC test circuit)


VS VO ld Supply voltage Quiescent output voltage (pin 4) Quiescent drain current (pin5) 8 6.1 6.9 44 18 7.7 50 V V mA

AC CHARACTERISTICS(Refer to AC test circuit, Gv=40dB)


PO Output power d=10% f=1kHZ RL=4 RL=2 RL=3.2 RL=1.6 Vi(rms) Vi Input saturation voltage Input sensitivity F=1kHZ Po=0.5W Po=6W Po=0.5W Po10W RL=4 RL=4 RL=2 RL=2 14 55 10 50 mV mV mV mV 300 5.5 9 6 10 7.5 12 W W W W mV

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ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS(continued)
Symbol B Parameter Frequency response(-3dB) Test conditions Po=1W RL=4 d Distortion f=1kHZ Po=0.05 to4.5W RL=4 Po=0.05to 7.5W RL=2 Rj Gv Input resistance(pin1) Voltage gain (open loop) f=1Khz f=1kHZ f=10kHZ Gv Voltage gain (closed loop) f=1kHZ RL=4 eN iN Input noise voltage Input noise current Efficiency (0) (0) f=1HZ Po=6W Po=10W SVR Supply voltage rejection f=100HZ Vripple=0.5V Rg=10K RL=4 30 36 dB RL=4 RL=2 69 65 % % 1 60 5 200 pA 39.3 70 0.15 0.15 150 80 60 40 40.3 % % K dB dB dB 40to15,000 Min. Typ. Max. Unit HZ

Figure 1.Quiescent output Voltage vs.supply voltage

Figure2. Quiescent drain current vs.supply voltage

Figute3. Output power vs. supply voltage

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Figure 4. Output power vs. Load resistance RL Figure 5. Gain vs. input sensivity Figure 6.Gain vs.input sensivity

Figure 7.Distortion vs. output power

Figure 8.Distortion vs. frequency

Figure 9. Supply voltage rejection vs.voltage gain

Figure 10.Supply voltage Rejection vs.frequency

Figure 11.Power dissipation and efficien cy vs.output power(RL=4)

Figure 12.Power dissipation and efficiencyvs.output power(RL=20)

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Figure 13. Maximum power dissipation vs.supply voltage (sine wave operation) Figure 14.Maximum allowable power dissipation vs.ambient mperature Figure 15.Typical values of capacitor(Cx) for different values of frequency reponse (B)

APPLICATION INFORMATION
Figure 16.Typical application circuit Figure 17.P.C. board and component layout for the circuit of fig.16(1:1s cale)

BUILT-IN PROTECTION SYSTEMS


Load dump voltage surge The TDA 2003 has a circuit which enables it to withstand a voltage pulse train,on pin 5,of the type shown in fig.19. If the supply voltage peaks to more than 40V,then an LC filter must be inserted between the supply and pin 5,in order to assure that the pulses at pin 5 will be held
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within the limits shown in fig.18. A suggested LC network is shown in fig.19.With this network,a train of pulses with amplitude up to 120V and width of 2 ms can be applied at point A.This type of protection is ON when the supply voltage(pulsed or DC)exceeds 18V.For this reason the
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TDA2003
maximum operating supply voltage is 18V. Figure 18. Figure 19.

Short-circuit (AC and DC conditions) The TDA 2003 can withstand a permanent short circuiton the output for a supply voltage up to 16V. Polarity inversion High current (up to 5A) can be handled by the device with no damage for a longer period than the blowout time of a quick 1A fuse (normally connected in series with the supply). This feature is added to avoid destruction if, during fitting to the car, a mistake on the connection of the supply is made. Open ground When the radio is in the ON condition and the ground is accidentally opened, a standard audio amplifier will be damaged. On the TDA 2003 protection diodes are included to avoid any damage. Inductive load A protection diode is provided between pin4 and 5(see the internal schematic diagram) to allow use of the TDA 2003 with inductive

loads. In particular, the TDA 2003 can drive a coupling transformer for audio modulation. DC voltage The maximum operating DC voltage on the TDA 2003 is 18V. However the device can withstand a DC voltage up to 28V with no damage. This could occur during winter if two batteries were series connected to crank the engine. Thermal shut-down The presence of a thermal limiting circuit offers the following advantages: 1) an overload on the output (even if it is permanent). or an excessive ambient temperature can be easily withstood. 2) the heat-sink can have a smaller factor compared with that of a conventional circuit. There is no device damage in the case of excessive junction temperature: all that happens is that Po (and therefore Ptot) and ld are reduced.

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Figure 20. Output power and drain current vs. case temperature(RL=4) Figure 21. Output power and drain current vs. case temperature(RL=2)

PRATICAL CONSIDERATION
Printed circuit board The layout shown in fig. 17 is recommended. If different layouts are used, the ground points of input 1 and input 2 must be well decoupled from the ground of the output through which a rather high current flows. Assembly suggestion No electrical insulation is required between the package and the heat-sink. Pin length should be as short as possible. The soldering temperature must not exceed 2600C for 12 seconds. Application suggestions The recommended component values are those shown in the application circuits of fig.16. Different values can be used. The following table is intended to aid the car-radio designer.

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Component Recommmended value C1 2.2F 470F 0.1F 1000F 0.1F Input DC decoupling Purpose Larger than recommended value Smaller than recommended value C1 Noise at switch-on, switch-off C2 C3 C4 Ripple rejection Supply bypassing Output coupling to load Degradation of SVR Danger of oscillation Higher low frequency cutoff C5 Frequency stability Danger of oscillation at high frequencies with inductive loads CX Upper frequency cutoff Lower bandwidth Larger bandwidth

R1 R2 R3 2.2 1

Setting of gain Setting of gain and SVR Frequency stability Degradation of SVR Danger of oscillation at high frequencies with inductive loads

Increase of drain current

RX

Upper frequency cutoff

Poor high frequency attenuation

Danger of oscillation

Pentawatt Package Mechanical Data


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Copyright 2008 by HOTCHIP TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. The information appearing in this Data Sheet is believed to be accurate at the time of publication. However, HOTCHIP assumes no responsibility arising from the use of the specifications described. The applications mentioned herein are used solely for the purpose of illustration and HOTCHIP makes no warranty or representation that such applications will be suitable without further modification, nor recommends the use of its products for application that may present a risk to human life due to malfunction or otherwise. HOTCHIPs products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems. HOTCHIP reserves the right to alter its products without prior notification. For the most up-to-date information, please visit our web site at http://www.hotchip.net.cn.

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