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MiCOM P721 & P723

High Impedance Differential Protection P72x/EN TDS/B21

Technical Data Sheet


This document does not replace the Technical Manual

Note:

The technical manual for this device gives instructions for its installation, commissioning, and operation. However, the manual cannot cover all conceivable circumstances or include detailed information on all topics. In the event of questions or specific problems, do not take any action without proper authorization. Contact the appropriate Schneider Electric technical sales office and request the necessary information. Any agreements, commitments, and legal relationships and any obligations on the part of Schneider Electric including settlements of warranties, result solely from the applicable purchase contract, which is not affected by the contents of the technical manual. This device MUST NOT be modified. If any modification is made without the express permission of Schneider Electric, it will invalidate the warranty, and may render the product unsafe.

The Schneider Electric logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of Schneider Electric. MiCOM is a registered trademark of Schneider Electric. All trade names or trademarks mentioned herein whether registered or not, are the property of their owners. This manual is provided for informational use only and is subject to change without notice. 2012, Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.

Protection Relays

01

MiCOM P721 & P723


Numerical High Impedance Differential Relay

The new P72x high impedance differential protection series provides an independent and simple high impedance differential protection solution for generator, reactor, motor and busbar applications where fast clearance of faults is required. Combined with the P79x, a standalone metrosil and resistor unit, it provides simplified scheme engineering for single or three-phase differential applications. As well as offering the same application benefits as traditional high impedance electromechanical protection schemes, it combines the added benefits of numerical technology to provide advanced communications, event records, fault records, disturbance records and ancillary protection features.

Customer Benefits
Simple scheme engineering Reliable algorithm Supervision functions included in the

same protection box

Protection Relays MiCOM P72x

02

APPLICATION
When circulating current protection schemes are subjected to through faults, the sudden and often asymmetrical growth in the system current can cause the line current transformers to reach saturation. Under these conditions the variation in current transformer magnetising characteristics can cause large ratio errors with a consequent circuit imbalance and maloperation of the protective relays. To ensure stability, it is common practice to employ high impedance relays set to operate at a slightly higher voltage than that developed in the worst theoretical case of this condition for a given through fault current. On a balanced earth fault system for example, this is when one current transformer of a group is saturated whilst the others remain unaffected. The saturated transformer presents a low impedance path in parallel with the relay and limits the voltage applied. For internal faults this limitation does not exist and voltages of twice the setting are easily reached resulting in fast operation of the differential relay. The P72x relay together with the P79x unit, is designed for applications where sensitive settings with stability on heavy through faults are required. It offers a reliable protection for busbars, transformers windings, generators, reactors and motors.

OVERVIEW
Two models are available: MiCOM P721 is a single-phase high impedance differential protection. It is suitable for restricted earth fault or balanced earth fault applications. MiCOM P723 can be configured either as high impedance differential three-phase protection (87) or as high impedance differential earth protection (87N). The connection setting determines whether 87 or 87N is being used.

Main functions
Phase segregated high impedance differential protection (87A, 87B, 87C)
The application of P723 numerical relay as differential protection for machines and busbar installations is based on the high impedance differential principle. This principle requires stabilising resistors in each phase and a metrosil is generally required across the relay circuit. These are included in the P79x accessory as shown in Figure 1. Stability for any type of fault occurring outside the protected zone and satisfactory operation for faults within the zone are achieved. Figure 1 shows the typical application diagram where P723 is configured as a phase segregated high impedance differential protection.

FUNCTIONAL OVERVIEW

Protected Plant

I diff

RST Metrosil P79x


87P 87N

Remote Comm. Port

Local Communication Self Monitoring

Fault Records Measurements

Disturbance Record

95P 95N 50BF

LEDs

Binary Input / Output

P72x

P72x and P79x together offer a simple and reliable high impedance differential protection

Protection Relays MiCOM P72x

03

PROTECTION FUNCTIONS OVERVIEW ANSI Features


87P 95P 87N 95N 87CZ 50BF Phase segregated high impedance current differential protection Phase bus-wire supervision Restricted earth fault protection Earth bus-wire supervision Check zone input Breaker failure detection

P721

P723

GENERAL FEATURES Features


Number of opto-isolated inputs Number of relay output contacts Event recording Fault recording Disturbance recording Instantaneous records Setting groups Auxiliary timers Communication protocols

P721
2 4 250 25 5 5 2 4

P723
5 8 250 25 5 5 2 4

Setting software Logic equations Measurements

Modbus RTU (rear port) DNP3 (rear port) IEC 60870-5-103 (rear port) Modbus RTU (front port) MiCOM S1 Studio AND, OR and NOT gates 8 Boolean equations Neutral supervision/differential currents (INdiff) Phase supervision/differential currents (IAdiff, IBdiff and ICdiff) Maximum differential currents (ImaxAdiff, ImaxBdiff and ImaxCdiff) Maximum differential neutral currents (ImaxNdiff)

Figure 1: P723 configured as phase segregated high impedance differential busbar protection

Protection Relays MiCOM P72x

04

High impedance differential earth fault protection (87N)


The P721 has a single differential element and may only function as an 87N protection. The P723 can be configured as 87N when only one analogue current input is required. Restricted earth fault protection is included to cover a larger percentage of the transformer windings than might be possible with the main biased differential transformer protection. 87N is commonly referred as restricted earth fault (REF) protection for star windings and balanced earth fault (BEF) protection for delta windings. Figures 2 and 3 show the P72x configured for these applications.

GENERAL SCHEME LOGIC


The schemes in figures 4 and 5 describe the logic of the three-phase high impedance differential protection and high impedance differential earth fault protection relays. External blocking inputs are available to allow the user to configure an input to enable or disable the differential element. A selectable logic input is also available as a check zone input from another P72x or differential relay.
[87] DIFF Blocking Logic 1 / 2 & DT [87CZ] Check Zone & Start [87] DIFF Temporized [87] tDIFF

Start [95] SUP [95] SUP DT Temporized [95] tSUP

Figure 4: General scheme of the three-phase high impedance differential protection

[87N] DIFF Blocking Logic 1 / 2 & DT

Start [87N] DIFF Temporized [87N] tDIFF

[95N] SUP

Start [95N] SUP DT Temporized [95N] tSUP

Figure 2: BEF protection for the delta winding of a power transformer with supply system earthed

Figure 5: General scheme of high impedance differential earth fault protection

Control and indication


Control
Two blocking logics are available where for example opto inputs can be independently configured to block the differential element or any of the auxiliary timer functions.

Logic equations
The MiCOM P72X relays integrate complete logic equations to allow customization of the product based on customer application. Up to 8 independent Boolean equations can be used. Each equation offers the possibility to use AND, OR & NOT logical gates. Up to 16 parameters can be used for each equation. Every result of equation can be time delayed and assigned to any output relays, trip, trip latching and/or HMI LEDs.
Figure 3: REF protection of a 3 phase, 4 wire system applicable to star connected generators or power transformer windings with neutral earthed at generator/transformer star point

Protection Relays MiCOM P72x

05

Gate Logic Optos Protection elements Timers Automatic Control

Relay contacts

LED's

Phase segregated outputs are available from the buswire supervision such that each phase can be stabilised by short circuiting the bus-wires as required. The differential elements are internally blocked due to bus-wire supervision (although this will not negate the requirement for external shorting of bus-wires).

LEDs
Four programmable LEDs are available.

Bus-wire Shorting
To limit the power dissipated in the resistance, after the differential trip protection [87] or bus-wire supervision [95] are activated, the bus-wires must be short-circuited. This function is latched in the internal logic. The bus-wire shorting signal can be connected as shown in figures 1, 2 and 3.

Alarms
Protection and control functions generate alarms on the screen and LEDs as configured. Certain alarms can be inhibited or automatically reset by preliminary parameter setting. Alarms can be stored in non-volatile memory.

CB Failure function
The CB failure output from the P72x is an input to the breaker failure scheme. The general scheme for the breaker failure detection function is shown in figure 6.
Trip [87] tDIFF Pick up timer

SUPERVISORY FUNCTIONS
Open circuit failures of the CTs or bus-wires will cause a spill current to flow through the differential element and operation will occur if this current is greater than the setting. Two methods are used to prevent nuisance tripping due to open circuit conditions: 1. Bus-wire supervision elements are provided to monitor for a continuous low level of spill current. After a time delay, this relay would usually short circuit the AC bus-wires to ensure stability and also give an alarm. The disadvantage of this scheme is that the differential elements must be set higher than the bus-wire supervision elements (and usually above maximum load conditions) if nuisance tripping is to be avoided. This may create sensitivity issues. 2. Duplicate differential elements (main and check zones) fed from separate CTs using segregated (phase by phase) bus-wires. Tripping is only permitted when both differential elements operate. The advantage of this scheme is that the differential settings can remain very sensitive (below full load current values), but this will require a total duplication of the scheme. The selectable logic input from another P72x deployed as a check zone is available for this function. The above two methods are usually used in conjunction with each other, although to reduce costs either scheme could be used independently.

&

CB Fail

CB Fail time tBF Idiff<

Figure 6 CBF detection logic

Operation and configuration


Setting groups
External conditions may request the need for different settings. MiCOM P72x provide two independent setting groups. The active setting group can be switched to the other from the local HMI or from external conditions (opto input change of state or DCS control).

Multi-language user interface (HMI)


All functions, including protection, automation, communication, LEDs, inputs and outputs, can be programmed and modified using the front panel user interface (Human Machine Interface, HMI). The backlit LCD informs the user about settings, measurements & faults thanks to the pull-down structure menu allowing easy and quick access to any data. Moreover, even if the relay is delivered with the language specified at the order, the user can change the language used within the relay from the HMI.

Protection Relays MiCOM P72x

06

clear Key

Read Key

The P721 and P723 measure the neutral supervision/differential currents (INdiff). The P723 measures the maximum differential currents (ImaxAdiff, ImaxBdiff and ImaxCdiff). The P721 and P723 measure the maximum differential neutral currents (ImaxNdiff).

trip led Alarm led Device fail. Power supply freely Programmable leds battery is not used anymore cursor Keys

Fault records
25 time-tagged fault records that indicate the faulted phase, protection operation, active setting group, pre-fault and differential fault currents magnitudes are available.

Disturbance records
Rs 232

A disturbance record is generated for every trip. In addition, the disturbance recorder can be triggered by an opto-isolated input, or a remote control signal. Up to five records of 3 seconds each one can be stored. The disturbance records are 32 samples per cycle.

Measurements and recording


Measurements
The following measurements are available for display and remote measurements: The P723 measures Phase supervision/ differential currents (IAdiff, IBdiff and ICdiff).

Event records
250 time-tagged event records can be stored. Events include operation and reset of inputs/ outputs, alarms, internal signals, and contacts. All events are time stamped to 1ms, and can be accessed either locally or remotely.

Figure 7: Disturbance Record

Protection Relays MiCOM P72x

07

COMMUNICATION & SYNCHRONIZATION


The MiCOM P72x offers a wide range of communication protocols, allowing its utilisation in most of the network control and data acquisition systems (via Modbus, IEC 60870-5-103, and DNP3.0). It has been designed for permanent multi-drop connection through the rear RS485 communication port. The MiCOM P72x incorporates an internal clock used for the time tagging of alarms, events, fault and disturbance record. The relays internal clock is synchronise to the timing information to an accuracy of 1ms.To avoid any drifting of the time tagging clock, its necessary to periodically synchronize the relays. To do this P72x offers two solutions: 1. Synchronization from the substation control system via the rear communication port 2. Synchronization from an external GPS clock via a dedicated digital input

Two models are available: the P791 used in single phase applications and the P793 used in three phase applications.

Stabilising resistor
Three options of internal stabilising resistors are offered. In each option is possible to get 4 combinations of serial and parallel connections to give various values of resistance as required by the application.

Varistor
Varistors are used to limit the peak voltage developed by the current transformers under internal fault conditions to a value below the insulation level of the current transformers, relay and interconnecting wiring, which are typically able to withstand approximately 3000V peak. Two options of varistors are available. The half power option may withstand up to 10kJ of transient energy and the full power up to 20kJ. Figures 8 and 9 show P721/P791 and P723/P793 connection diagram. See P79x brochure for more information.

Stabilising resistor and varistor accessory


The P79x accessory contains a number of fixed resistors that provide stability during external faults. In addition to the stabilising resistors, a varistor is included for each phase.
A B C Auxiliary supply
33 34

+ _

WD

37 35 36 6 4 2 12 10 8 16 14 20 18

Watch dog RL1 to RL4 are programmable outputs

RL1

RL2 RL3

P791
55 1A 56

RL4

MiCOM P721
P791
47 5A 48
+

L1 to 2 are programmable inputs

22 L1 24 _ 26 L2 28 _

Link terminals 30 and 32 if the relay is connected at the end of the RS485 bus

29 30 31 32
+ _

RS485 communication port

Figure 8: MiCOM P721/P791 diagram connection

Simple and reliable high impedance differential scheme protection

Protection Relays MiCOM P72x

08

PROTECTED ZONE

A B C

Three-Phase High Impedance Differential


TCN CTN TC1 CT1 TC2 CT2

Auxiliary supply
P793

+ _

33 34 49 50 51

WD

37 35 36 6 4 2 12 10 8 16 14 20 18 3 1 7 5 9 11 13 15

Watch dog RL1 to RL8 are programmable outputs

1A 1A 52 53 1A 54 55 1A 56 41 5A 42 43 5A 44 45 5A 46 47 5A 48 24 _ + 22 L1

RL1

RL2 RL3 RL4 RL5 RL6 RL7 RL8

P793

MiCOM P723
(*) Link terminals 30 and 32 if the relay is connected at the end of the RS485 bus

L1 to 5 are programmable inputs

26 L2 28 _ 17 L3

19 _ +
+

21 L4 23 _ 25 L5 27 _

29 30 31 32
+ _

RS485 communication port

Figure 9: MiCOM P723/P793 diagram connection

Device Track Record High Impedance Differential Protection


MiCOM P12x series relays used in high-impedance applications since 1998 MiCOM P14X series relays used in high-impedance applications since 1999

Schneider Electric

35, rue Joseph Monier CS 30323 92506 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex, France Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 29 70 00 RCS Nanterre 954 503 439 Capital social 896 313 776 www.schneider-electric.com EnergyAutomation-DS-P72x-2200-EN

As standards, specifications and designs change from time to time, please ask for confirmation of the information given in this publication. This document has been printed on ecological paper Publishing: Schneider Electric Design: Schneider Electric Printing: 10-2010

2010 Schneider Electric - All rights reserved

RATINGS
Power Supply
Nominal auxiliary voltage Vx Operating range Residual ripple Stored energy time Burden 48 -250 Vdc/ 48-240 Vac 24-250 Vdc/ 48-240Vac DC: 20% of Vx AC: 20%, +10% of Vx Up to 12% 50 ms for interruption of Vx Stand by: Max: <3W DC or <8VA AC <6W DC or <14VA AC
RMS voltage (V)
phase transformer 5A

Phase and earth current transformers consumption


P72x phase CT consumption

phase transformer 1A

Current (A)

Frequency
Frequency protection functions Nominal frequency Nominal frequency 5Hz

P72x earth CT consumption

RMS voltage (V)

50/60 Hz

earth transformer 5A

earth transformer 1A

Current inputs
Phase current inputs Earth current inputs Operating range Burden Phase Current Burden Earth Current Thermal withstand 1 and 5 A by connection 1 and 5 A by connection Selected at order (Cortec) < 0.025 VA < 0.3 VA < 0.08 VA < 0.42 VA (1 A) (5 A) (1 A) (5 A)
Current (A)

Logic inputs
Logic input type Logic input burden Logic input recognition time (DC inputs) Logic input recognition time (AC inputs) Logic input recognition time (ENA inputs) Independent optically insulated < 10 mA per input < 5 ms in a 50 Hz system < 4 ms in a 60 Hz system <7 ms in a 50 Hz system < 6 ms in a 60 Hz system <15 ms in a 50 Hz system < 12 ms in a 60 Hz system

1 s @ 100 x rated current 2 s @ 40 x rated current continuous @ 4 x rated current

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

P72x/EN TDS/B21

Supply
Ordering Code Relay auxiliary power supply Logic Inputs

Output Relay Characteristic


Contact rating Contact relay Make current Carry capacity Rated Voltage Breaking characteristic
35mA 2.3mA 300Vdc 264Vac 145Vdc 132Vdc 262Vdc 300Vdc 264Vac

Nominal Operating Nominal Minimal Maximum Holding Maximum voltage range voltage range Voltage polarisation polarisation current continuou Vx range voltage current after 2ms s withstand 24250Vdc 19.2Vdc 48250Vdc 38.4300Vdc 24240Vac 19.2Vac 48240Vac 38.4264Vac 48250Vdc 48240Vac Special EA 38.4300Vdc 24250Vdc 19.2Vdc 38.4264Vac 24240Vac 19.2Vac 105Vdc 77Vdc 154Vdc 2460Vdc 19,276Vdc 35mA 2.3mA 300Vdc 264Vac

Dry contact Ag Ni Max. 30 A and carry for 3s 5 A continuous 250 Vac

A* F* T

Breaking capacity AC

H V W Z

48250Vdc 38.4300Vdc 48240Vac 38.4264Vac 129Vdc 48250Vdc 38.4300Vdc 48240Vac 38.4264Vac 110Vdc 48250Vdc 38.4300Vdc 48240Vac 38.4264Vac 220Vdc

1500 VA resistive 1500 VA inductive (P.F. = 0.5) 220 Vac, 5 A (cos = 0.6) 135 Vdc, 0.3 A (L/R = 30 ms) 250 Vdc, 50W resistive or 25 W inductive (L/R=40 ms) <7 ms

3.0 mA @ 129Vdc 7.3 mA @ 110Vdc 3.4 mA @ 220Vdc 35mA 2.3mA

Breaking capacity DC

Operation time Durability Loaded contact Unloaded contact

24250Vdc 19,2300Vdc 24250Vdc 19.2Vdc 48250Vac 38,2264Vac 24240Vac 19.2Vac


( )

10000 operation minimum 100000 operation minimum

Ordering code (Cortec) options A and F are not available for sale Logic input recognition time for EA approval. Dedicated filtering on 24 samples (15ms at 50Hz).

**)

TYPICAL OPERATING TIMES


The typical operating times for Restricted earth fault and balanced earth fault (REF/BEF) applications are shown in Figure 1. To determine the typical operating times the current levels considered were 1In, 5In, 10In and 20In and the point on wave was varied from 0 to 150 in 30
0.090 0.080 0.070 0.060 time (s) 0.050 0.040 0.030 0.020 0.010 0.000 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 multiple of setting (xIsetting) fourier fast sample

steps. The tests were performed considering [87N] Threshold I Diff set to 0.5In and 0.1In and [87N] Measurement Filter set to Fourier, Sample and Fast Sample.

Figure 1 Typical operating times REF/BEF applications


P721 P723 Technical DataSheet 10 P72x/EN TDS/B21

The typical operating times for busbar applications are shown in Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4. To determine the typical operating times the current levels considered were 5In, 10In, 25In and 50In and the point on wave was varied from 0 to 150 in 30 steps. The tests were

performed considering [87] Threshold I Diff set to 0.5In and 0.1In and [87] Measurement Filter set to Fourier, Sample and Fast Sample.

Single Phase Fault


0.050

0.045

typical operating time (s)

0.040

0.035

0.030

0.025

0.020 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 multiple of setting (xIsetting) Fourier Fast Sample Sample

Figure 2 Typical operating times Single phase faults Busbar applications

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

11

P72x/EN TDS/B21

Phase to Phase Faults


0.0450

0.0400

typical operating time (s)

0.0350

0.0300

0.0250

0.0200 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 multiples of setting (xIsetting) Fourier Fast Sample Sample

Figure 3 Typical operating times Phase to phase faults Busbar applications

Three Phase Faults


0.0400

0.0350

typical operating time (s)

0.0300

0.0250

0.0200

0.0150

0.0100 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 multiples of setting (xIsetting) Fourier Fast sample Sample

Figure 4 Typical operating times Three phase faults Busbar applications

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

12

P72x/EN TDS/B21

INSULATION
Dielectric withstand IEC 60255-5 : 2000 2 kV common mode 1 kV differential mode Impulse voltage IEC 60255-5 : 2000 Insulation resistance IEC 60255-5 : 2000 > 1000 M 5 kV common mode 1 kV differential mode

ANSI/IEEE C37.90-1989 (reaffirmed 1994) 1.5 kV rms AC for 1 minute, across normally open contacts.

EMC TESTS
High Frequency Disturbance IEC 60255-22-1:1988 2.5 kV common mode, Class III 1 kV differential mode, Class III Electrostatic Discharge EN 61000-4-2: 1995 and IEC 60255-22-2: 1996 8 kV contact discharge, Class 4 15 kV air discharge, Class 4 Fast Transient IEC 60255-22-4:2002, Class A 2 kV 5 kHz, terminal block comms. 4 kV 2.5 kHz, all circuits excluding comms. EN 61000-4-4:1995, Level 4 4 kV 5 kHz, power supply 2 kV 5 kHz, all circuits excluding power supply Surge EN 61000-4-5:1995 and IEC 60255-22-5:2002 4 kV common mode, Level 4 2 kV differential mode, Level 4 Radiated immunity from digital telephones
EN 61000-4-3:2002 ANSI Surge Withstand Capability IEEE/ANSI C37.90.1: 2002 4 kV fast transient and 2.5 kV oscillatory applied common mode and differential mode Magnetic Field Immunity IEC 61000-4-8: 1994 IEC 61000-4-9: 1993 IEC 61000-4-10: 1993 Level 5, 100 A/m applied continuously, 1000 A/m for 3 s. Level 5, 1000 A/m. Level 5, 100 A/m at 100 kHz and 1 MHz. Level 4, 30 V/m 800 MHz to 960 MHz and 1.4 GHz to 2 GHz @ 1 kHz 80% am

Conducted Emissions
EN 55022: 1998 0.15 - 0.5 MHz, 79 dBV (quasi peak) 66 dBV (average) 0.5 30 MHz, 73 dBV (quasi peak) 60 dBV (average). Radiated Emissions EN 55022: 1998 30 230 MHz, 40 dBV/m at 10 m measurement distance 230 1 GHz, 47 dBV/m at 10 m measurement distance. Conducted Immunity EN 61000-4-6:1996 Radiated Immunity EN 61000-4-3:2002 ANSI/IEEE C37.90.2:2004 Level 3, 10 V/m 80 MHz to 1 GHz @ 1 kHz 80% am 35 V/m 80 MHz to 1 GHz @ 1 kHz 80% am 35 V/m 80 MHz to 1 GHz @ 100% pulse modulated front face only. Level 3, 10 V rms @ 1 kHz 80% am, 150 kHz to 80 MHz

ENVIRONMENT
Temperature IEC 60068-2-1 : 1993 IEC 60068-2-2: 1993 Storage 25 C to +70 C Operation: 25 C to + 55 C 25 C to 70 C (*)
(*) The upper limit is permissible for a single 6 hour duration within any 24 hour period.

Shocks IEC 60255-21-2:1998 Response and withstand, class 2 Shock withstand & Bump IEC 60255-21-2:1998 Response and withstand, class 1 Seismic IEC 60255-21-3:1993 Class 2

Humidity damp heat IEC 60068-2-78:2001

56 days at 93% RH and 40 C

Enclosure protection IEC 60-529: 2001 Dust IP50 (whole case), Front IP 52, Back IP 10 Sinusoidal Vibrations IEC 60255-21-1:1998 Response and endurance, class 2

Corrosive Environments : Per IEC 60068-2-60: 1995, Part 2, Test Ke, Method (class) 3 Industrial corrosive environment/poor environmental control, mixed gas flow test. 21 days at 75% relative humidity and +30C Exposure to elevated concentrations of HS, NO, Cl and SO.
13 P72x/EN TDS/B21

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

EU DIRECTIVE
EMC compliance
89/336/EEC 93/31/EEC Compliance with European Commission EMC Directive. Generic standards were used to establish conformity: EN50081-2: 1994 EN60952-2: 1995

Product safety
2006/95/EC (replacing 73/23/EEC from 01/2007) Compliance with European Commission Low Voltage Directive. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards: EN61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995 EN60950: 1992/A11: 1997

DEVIATION OF PROTECTION ELEMENTS


Element Earth differential protection I diff (V diff) Range Deviation Fault timer Reset timer 0s2s 0 to 600 s 0.01In to 1In 2% (0.5 to 200 V) 2%

DEVIATION OF AUTOMATION FUNCTIONS TIMERS


CB fail & CB monitoring timers Auxiliary timers tAUX1, tAUX2, tAUX3, tAUX4 2% 0-10 s 2% 0-200 s

Phase differential 0.02 to 2In protection (1 to 400 V) I diff (V diff) Earth bus-wire supervision Phase bus-wire supervision I Sup (V Sup)

0s2s

0 to 600 s

DEVIATION OF MEASUREMENTS
Measurement Range Deviation Typical 0.5% at In Typical 0.5% at In Phase current 0.02In to 10In Earth current 0.004In to 2In

0.01 to 1 In 2% (0.5 to 200 V) 0.02 to 2In (1 to 400 V) 2%

0.5 s 3 s 0 to 600 s 0.5 s 3 s 0 to 600 s

PROTECTIONS FUNCTIONS
Settings
[87N] Earth differential protection [87N] Earth differential protection [87N] Threshold I diff [87N] Threshold V diff [87N] Filter timer t Diff [87N] Reset timer tReset Measurement Filter Yes / No 0.01In to 1In 0.5 V to 200 V 0 s to 2 s 0 to 600 s Sample mode Fast sample mode Fourier mode [87] Phase differential protection (P723 only) [87] Phase differential protection [87] Threshold I diff [87] Threshold V diff [87] Filter timer t Diff [87] Check zone [87] Reset timer tReset Measurement Filter Yes / No 0.02In to 2In 1 V to 400 V 0 s to 2 s Yes / No 0 to 600 s Sample mode Fast sample mode Fourier mode

[95N] Earth bus-wire supervision [95N] Earth bus-wire supervision [95N] Threshold I sup [95N] Threshold V sup [95N] Filter timer t sup [95N] Reset timer tReset Measurement Filter Yes / No 0.01In to 1In 0.5 V to 200 V 0.5 s to 3 s 0 to 600 s Sample mode Fast sample mode Fourier mode [95] Phase bus-wire supervision [95] Threshold I sup [95] Threshold V sup [95] Filter timer t sup [95] Check zone [95] Reset timer tReset Measurement Filter

[95] Phase bus-wire supervision (P723 only) Yes / No 0.02In to 2In 0.5 V to 400 V 0.5 s to 3 s Yes / No 0 to 600 s Sample mode Fast sample mode Fourier mode

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

14

P72x/EN TDS/B21

Automation and accessory functions


Trip command Assignation of the following thresholds to trip output relay: all models: [87N] tDiff, t Aux 1, t Aux 2, Control Trip, tEqu.A, tEqu.B, tEqu.C, tEqu.D, tEqu.E, tEqu.F, tEqu.G, tEqu.H, P723 additional functions: [87] tDiff, t Aux 3 and t Aux 4 Latch functions Trip output relay programmable with one or many thresholds: all models: [87N] tDiff, t Aux 1, t Aux 2, Control Trip, tEqu.A, tEqu.B, tEqu.C, tEqu.D, tEqu.E, tEqu.F, tEqu.G, tEqu.H. P723 additional functions: [87] tDiff, t Aux 3, t Aux 4. Blocking logic Possibility to block the following delayed thresholds: all models: [87N] tDiff, t Aux 1, t Aux 2, P723 additional functions: [87] tDiff, t Aux 3 and t Aux 4. Output relays Alarm and trip threshold assignation to a logic output: 3 relays (P721) and 7 relays (P723). Assignable functions: all models: [87N] Diff, [87N] tDiff, [95N] Sup, [95N] tSup, Buswire Short, CB Fail, t Aux 1, t Aux 2, Active group, Control trip, Input1, Input2, tEqu. A , tEqu. B, tEqu. C, tEqu D, tEqu E, tEqu. F , tEqu. G, tEqu. H. P723 additional functions: [87] Diff, [87] tDiff, [87CZ] ChkZone, [95] Sup, [95] tSup, [95A] tSup A, [95B] tSup B, [95C] tSup C, t Aux 3, t Aux 4, Input3, Input4, Input5 Latch of the auxiliary output relays Possibility to latch output relays: P721: Output 2 to 4 P723: Output 2 to 8 Inputs Inputs assignation Single function or multiple automation functions assignable to 4 logic inputs: all models: Unlatch, Aux 1, Aux 2, Blocking Logic 1, Blocking Logic 2, Start Disturb, Change setting, Reset LEDs, Maint. Mode, Local Mode, Synchro P723 additional functions: Aux 3, Aux 4, [87CZ] Chk Zone Auxiliary timers: Aux1 time tAux1 Aux2 time tAux2 Aux3 time tAux3 Aux4 time tAux4 Circuit Breaker Failure CB Fail Setting Ranges: CB Fail ? I Diff < V Diff < CB Fail Time tBF Yes / No 0.01 In to 1 In 0.5 v to 200 V 0 to 10s 0 to 200s 0 to 200s 0 to 200s 0 to 200s Logic Equations The MiCOM P721 and P723 relays integrate complete logic equations to allow customization of the product based on customer application. Up to 8 independent Boolean equations can be used (from A to H). Every result of equation can be time delayed and assigned to any output relays, trip, trip latching and/or HMI LEDs. Up to 16 operands can be used (from 00 to 15). Within operands, there are two parts: (1/2) : logical gates (NOT, OR, AND, NOT AND, NOT OR) (2/2) : signals ([87N] Diff, [95N] tSup, tAux, inputetc) Timer Setting Ranges EQU. A to H Toperat EQU. A to H Treset Available logical gates: Logical gates NOT OR (by default) AND AND NOT OR NOT Available signals: Text
P721 and P723: Null Not Null [87N] Diff [87N] tDiff [95N] tSup tAux 1 tAux 2 Input 1 Input 2 Group 2 CB Fail P723 only: [87] Diff [87] tDiff [87CZ] Check zone [95] Sup [95N] Sup [95] tSup [95A] tSupA [95B] tSupB [95C] tSupC Buswire Short tAux 3 tAux 4 Input 3 Input 4 Input 5

0 to 600 s 0 to 600 s

Availability (1/2) A00, B00, C00, D00, E00, F00, G00, H00 A01 to A15, B01 to B15, C01 to C15, D01 to D15, E01 to E15, F01 to F15 G01 to G15, H01 to H15

Signals (2/2)
Condition is Null Condition is not Null Earth differential protection threshold Time delayed earth differential protection threshold Time delayed earth high impedance differential threshold (buswire supervision) Copy of the status of the Logic Input tAux 1 Copy of the status of the Logic Input tAux 2 Instantaneous digital input 1 Instantaneous digital input 2 Group 2 is active (setting) Circuit Breaker does not operate Phase differential protection threshold Time delayed phase differential protection threshold Check Zone status Phase high impedance differential threshold (buswire supervision) Earth high impedance differential threshold (buswire supervision) Time delayed phase high impedance differential threshold (buswire supervision) Time delayed phase A (or L1, or R) high impedance differential threshold (buswire supervision) As above for phase B (or L2 or S) As above for phase C (or L3 or T) Buswires short-circuited Copy of the status of the Logic Input tAux 3 Copy of the status of the Logic Input tAux 4 Instantaneous digital input 3 Instantaneous digital input 4 Instantaneous digital input 5

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

15

P72x/EN TDS/B21

RECORDING FUNCTIONS
Fault Record
Capacity Time-tag Triggers Data 25 faults 1 millisecond Any selected protection alarm and threshold Fault date, Active setting Group, Faulted phase, Threshold, Fault magnitude, [87] tDIFF fault (tripping) [87N] tDIFF fault (tripping) tAux 1 fault (tripping) tAux 2 fault (tripping) tAux 3 fault (tripping) tAux 4 fault (tripping) tEquation A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H fault (tripping) Control trip

Disturbance Records
Triggers; Data; Setting Ranges Triggers Data Any selected protection alarm and threshold, logic input, remote command AC input channels digital input and output states frequency value Default value P72x Pre-Time Post-Time Disturb rec Trig Trigger 1.0 s 2.0 s ON INST Setting range Min 0.1 s 0.1 s Max 3s 3s Step 0.1 s 0.1 s

ON TRIP or ON INST.

Instantaneous recorder
Capacity Time-tag Triggers Data 5 starting items of information (instantaneous) 1 millisecond Any selected protection alarm and threshold date, hour origin (any protection alarm) length (duration of the instantaneous trip yes or no

Any selected protection alarm and threshold Logic input Remote command

Communications
Type Port RS485 RS232 Relay position Rear port Front port Physical Link Connectors Data Rate Protocol ModBus RTU, Courier, IEC60870-5-103, DNP3.0 ModBus RTU

Screened twister Screws or snap- 300 to 38400 baud pair on (programmable) Screened twister SubD 9 pin pair female connector 300 to 38400 baud (programmable)

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

16

P72x/EN TDS/B21

DIMENSIONS
P721 and P723:

External size:

Height Width Depth

case front panel case front panel case front panel + case

152 mm 177 mm 97 mm 103 mm 226 mm 252 mm

P0078ENb

Figure Dimensional drawings

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

17

P72x/EN TDS/B21

Alternative : Restricted Earth Fault Protection (Delta connection)


A B C

Alternative : Restricted Earth Fault Protection ( Star connection)

Ctrl shorting relay Auxiliary voltage 34


RL1

{
Programmable tripping { output

+
WD

33

{ Watch dog (4)

RL2

37 35 36 6 4 2 12 10 8

{ Programmable output
Ctrl shorting relay (+V)Auxiliary voltage

RL3

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet


P791
55 55
R St. 1A RL4

WIRING CONNECTIONS

P791
56 56 (-V)
Auxiliary voltage

16 14 20 18

{ Programmable output

Typical application diagram P721

R St.

1A

(-V)

Auxiliary voltage

MiCOM P721
47
5A

47 48 48
+

P791 stabilising resistors

5A

Programmable input
L1 A
+

{ {
L2
-

22 24

18
Programmable input 26 28
C B

( : Link terminals 30 and 32 if the relay is connected at the end of the RS485 bus )

Case earth connection 29

Case earth Phase rotation

30
- Port communication 31 RS 485 32 +

Nota :
(1) (a) (b) (c) (d) CT shorting links make before (b) and (c) disconnect (2) CT connection are typical only Short terminals break before (c) Long terminals Pins terminals (pcb type) (4) The MICOM P120/P121 relays are shown with supply off. (3) Earth terminals are typical only

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28

29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55

30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56

P3955ENa

Module terminal blocks viewed fromp rear (with integral case earth link)

P72x/EN TDS/B21

Alternative : Restricted Earth Fault Protection ( Star connection)

Ctrl shorting relay

49

Three-Phase High Impedance Differential


CT1 CT2 CTn

1A

50 51 Auxiliary + voltage -

1A

52 53 34 49
RL1 1A R St.

{
50 51

33
WD

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

P791
RL2

1A

54 55
1A

{ Watch Dog (4) Programmable tripping { output { Programmable output


Ctrl shorting relay (+V)Auxiliary voltage

R St.

1A

56 41 52 53
R St. 1A RL3 RL4 RL5 RL6

Typical application diagram P723

(-V) 54 55
1A R St. 5A Auxiliary voltage

5A

Auxiliary voltage

42 43

5A

{ Programmable output { Programmable output { Programmable output


RL7 RL8

44 45
A

5A

56 41 42 43
5A

46 47 (-V)
C B

5A

48

P793
5A

44 45 46 47
5A

37 35 36 6 4 2 12 10 8 16 14 20 18 3 1 7 5 9 11 13 15

{ Programmable output { Programmable output

Phase rotation P791 and P793 stabilising resistors

19
+

Alternative : Restricted Earth Fault Protection (Delta connection)

48 Programmableinput Programmable input

MiCOM P723
{
22 L1 24
+ +

Ctrl shorting relay Terre botier Case earth

49

26 L2 28 17 19 L3
+

1A

( : Link terminals 30 and 32 if the relay is connected at the end of the RS485 bus )

*
21 L4 23
+

Case earth connection 29

50 51

1A

52 53

*
input
-

30 25 L5 27
- Port communication 31 RS 485 32 +

P791

1A

54 55

{ Programmableinput { Programmable { input { Programmable

R St.

1A

56 41

(-V)

5A

Auxiliary voltage

42 43

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 Module terminal blocks viewed fromp rear (with integral case earth link)

5A

Nota :
(1) (a) (b) (c) Long terminals Pins terminals (pcb type) (d) Short terminals break before (c) CT shorting links make before (b) and (c) disconnect

44 45

5A

46 47

5A

48

P3954ENa
(2) CT connection are typical only (3) Earth terminals are typical only

P72x/EN TDS/B21

(4) The MICOM relays are shown with supply off.

ORDERING OPTIONS
Information Required with Order

Relay Type (differential protection) Variant Simple phase high impedance differential protection Simple phase or three phase high impedance protection with binary I/O extension Auxiliary and digital input voltage Auxiliary voltage 48-250 Vdc / 48-240 Vac 48-250 Vdc / 48-240 Vac 48-250 Vdc / 48-240 Vac 48-250 Vdc / 48-240 Vac 24-250Vdc / 48-240Vac Modbus K-Bus/Courier IEC 60870-5-103 DNP 3.0 Default HMI language French English / American Spanish German Italian Portuguese Platform phase 2 with standard software Software Unless specified the latest version will be delivered Mounting option None (default) Pre-fixed HMI (no withdrawability) (2) Sealed cover Pre-fixed HMI + Sealed cover
(1) (2) : (2)

P72

1 3

digital input voltage 105-145 Vdc 48-250 Vdc (ENA UK) (1) 110 Vdc 30% / +20% (1) 220 Vdc 30% / +20% 24-250 Vdc / 24 / 240 Vdc
(1)

H T V W Z 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 7

Rear port communication interface

0 1 2 3

: special application : not available

P721 P723 Technical DataSheet

20

P72x/EN TDS/B21

Schneider Electric 35 rue Joseph Monier 92506 Rueil-Malmaison FRANCE Phone: Fax: +33 (0) 1 41 29 70 00 +33 (0) 1 41 29 71 00 Publishing: Schneider Electric 03/2012

www.schneider-electric.com Publication: P72x/EN TDS/B21

2012 Schneider Electric. All rights reserved.