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Introduction

Heating
Air-Condition
Pressure Boosting
Wastewater
Tool box
Reference project
Introduction
How to use
Drawing library
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The Flow THINKING is a concept especially developed for our partners in
commercial building services
FLOW THINKING means:
> Focusing on the customer
> Embracing system knowledge
> Being a competent partner & adviser
> Finding the right solutions
> Providing tools for your daily work
As an element of this concept we have developed The Gundfos System Guide
The Grundfos System Guide is an extensive reference book, which goes through the standard systems within:
heating
air-conditioning
pressure boosting
wastewater
The systems are evaluated, and the Guide gives recommendations on how to prepare the most energy-
optimal, reliable and comfortable system, considering the components, which form your system.
Contents
The Guide contains a short review of a few theoretical areas within the mentioned systems. This is meant as a
tool box, which can be used across of systems.
Overview: Here a short overview is given of the individual systems, and which Grundfos pumps are recom-
mended for use in the system.
System description: In this paragraph the specific systems are reviewed in details. Suggestions are given of
how to build up the system, so that the interaction between the components in the system is optimised
with regard to comfort, safety and energy. Here we focus on how speed-regulated pumps are used in the
systems.
How to select: Here it is shown how the pump/pump system is dimensioned and selected, provided the
system is built up as described under system description.
A Guide not a collection of formulas
The System Guide is designed to be a practical tool for professionals, who already have the theoretical
knowledge about systems. So the System Guide is not a completely slavish going through the structure of all
systems, but it can with advantage be used as a source of inspiration or a checklist.
The System Guide has been designed in co-operation with system specialists from all over Europe. Even
though many areas have been harmonized, there may still be examples of system constructions, which
traditionally are not used locally
Always updated
Grundfos will in future continue to design and spread competences within systems. So regularly there will be
supplements to the Grundfos System Guide.
How to use
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DenwNc tsenev
How to use
Pump
Chiller
Cooling Tower
Cooling Tower
Cooling Tower
Buffer Tank
Fan Coil
2 pipe type
Fan Coil
4 pipe type
Fan Coil
Combination type
Air Unit
In-let
Air Unit
Out-let
Cooling
Surface
Heating
Surface
Heat/Cool
Recovering
Surface
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M
MMMM
MMM
-
++
DenwNc tsenev
How to use
Pressureraizing
Unit
Diaphragm
Tank
Exspansion tank
Open Type
Hot WaterTank
With Heat Element
Hot Water
Storage Tank
Boiler
Heat excanger
Radiator
Termastatic
radiator valve
Throttle valve
Isolation valve
Non return valve
2 way motor valve
3 way motor valve
(divide)
3 way motor valve
(collecting)
Pressure control
valve
Pressure relief valve
Safety valve
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2. Heating
Overview
System/products
Product description
Application System
Main pumps
Boiler shunt
Mixing loops
Heat surfaces
Heat recovery
DHW circulation
DHW production
How to select
Main pumps
Boiler shunts
Mixing loops
Heat surfaces
Heat recovery
DHW circulation
DHW production
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2. Heating
5vstrm J reooucts
Overview
UPS Series 100 O O X
UPS Series 200 O O O O O X X
UPE Series 2000 X X X
TPE Series 2000 X X X X
TP/LM/LP/CLM O O O X X
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME X X X X X
NK/NB O O O X
NKE/NBE X X X
M
a
i
n

p
u
m
p
s
B
o
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r

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h
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t
s
M
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x
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H
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a
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H
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y
D
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o
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D
H
W

p
r
o
d
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c
t
i
o
n
First choice = X Second choice = O
System Type
Product Type
Heat recovery
Heating surfaces
Main Pumps
Boiler shunts
Heat
Production
Mixing
loop
HW HWC CW
DWH
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1
M
PMU
t p
G10
2. Heating
Peooucts J commuNcntoN
Overview
UPS Series 100
UPS Series 200 X X X X X
UPE Series 2000 X X X X X X
TPE Series 2000 X X X X X X
TP/LM/LP/CLM
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME X X X X X X X
NK/NB
NKE/NBE X X X X X X X
E
x
t
e
r
n
a
l

A
l
a
r
m
R
e
m
o
t
e

c
o
n
t
r
o
l
G
E
N
I
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u
s
L
O
N

b
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x
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t
a
r
t

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S
t
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A
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p
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t
E
x
t
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r
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a
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s
e
n
s
o
r
Communication
Product Type
PC User level
(BMS supply)
Sub-station level
(BMS supply)
Component level
(Grundfos)
PMU
G10
M
t p
2

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2. Heating
Peooucts J coNteots
Overview
PMU
PFU
Delta Control
PCU
Management unit
for up to 8 pumps
Preset controller
for up to 4 pumps
Complete control
panel for up to
4 pumps
Contact unit for
up to 4 pumps
UPE Series 2000
TPE Series 2000
Inline E-pumps
In-Line E-pumps
In-Line
End suction E-Pumps
End suction
PMU
PFU
2.2 kW
7.5 kW
2.2 kW
7.5 kW
7.5 kW
315 kW
Functionality Used in Max. kW
connection pump size
with
p
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.

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2. Heating
Peoouct enNcr
Overview
Heating Product Range
Survey curve 50 Hz
H[m]
Q[m
3
/h]
End-suction Dry-runners
NB/NK
NBE/NKE
In-line Dry-runners
TP/LM/LP/CLM
TPE Series 2000
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
In-line Wet-runners
UPS Series 100
UPS Series 200
UPE Series 2000
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2. Heating
frntuers J srNrrts
Features
5rtrctoN
Wide product range
Wide system range
Support tools
INstnttntoN
Easy electrical connection
Easy access to speed regulator
Clear user interface
Integrated frequency converter
No need for motor protection
DrrentoN
Very low noise level
High quality material
Varible speed
High efficiency
Benefits
5rtrctoN
Only one supplier
Easy selection
Safe selection
INstnttntoN
Easy/safe installation
Safe/quick commencement

Quick commencement

Safe installation
Low installation cost
DrrentoN
High comfort
Long lifetime
Energy saving
Low operation cost
Overview
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2. Heating
UP5 5rers 100
1rcuNcnt Dntn

Temperature -25 to +110C
Pressure PN 10 (10 bar)
Power range 25W to 250W
Speed 1 to 3 speed
Connections Unions; Flanges
Port to port 130 to 250 mm
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
Stainless Steel
CommuNcntoN

None
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Easy access to speed regulator
Very low noise level
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Wide application range
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
2 years warranty
End user:
Maintenance free
Long lifetime
Low operating cost
High comfort
Overview
UPS Series 100
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

6
2. Heating
UP5 5rers 200
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -10 to +120C
Pressure PN 10 (10 bar)
Power range 250W to 2200W
Speed 3 speed
Connections Flanges (PN6/10)
Port to port 220 to 450 mm
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
CommuNcntoN

Alarm module (accessories)
GENIbus module (accessories)
MnN Peoouct frntuers

Easy electrical connection
Water lubricated bearings
Very low noise level
High quality material
High efficiency
Motor protection module
Wide product range
Wide application range
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start-up
End user:
Long lifetime
Maintenance free
Low operating cost
High comfort
Overview
UPS Series 200
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

7
2. Heating
UP 5rers 2000
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature +2 to +95C
Pressure PN 10 (10 bar)
Power range 60W to 2200W
Speed Variable speed
Connections Unions; Flanges
Port to port 130 to 450 mm
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
CommuNcntoN
Alarm relay
Digital input
Analog input
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Water lubricated bearings
Very low noise level
High quality material
High efficiency
Integrated frequency converter
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Communication
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy start-up
End user:
Long lifetime
Very low operating cost
Very high comfort
Access to operation data
Overview
UPS Series 2000
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

8
2. Heating
1P 5rers 2000
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -25 to +140C
Pressure PN 16 (16 bar)
Power range 1.1kW to 7.5kW
Speed Variable speed
Connections Flanges
Port to port 280 to 450 mm
Pump housing Cast iron
CommuNcntoN
Alarm relay
Digital input
Analog input
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Integrated frequency converter
Integrated diff. pressure sensor
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Cataphoresis treated
Communication
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Easy start-up
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Very low operating cost
High comfort
Access to operation data
Overview
TPE Series 2000
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

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2. Heating
1PJLMJLPJCLM
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -25 to +140C
Pressure PN 20 (20 bar)
Power range 0.37kW to 45kW
Speed 1 speed
Connections Flanges
Port to port 280 to 820 mm
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
CommuNcntoN
None
MnN Peoouct frntuers
High quality material
High efficiency
Wide product range
Twin head pumps
Wide application range
Standard motor
Cataphoresis treated
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Low operating cost
High comfort
Overview
TP/LM/LP/CLM
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

1
0
2. Heating
1PJLMJLPJCLM
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -25 to + 140C
Pressure PN 16 (16 bar)
Power range 1.1kW to 7.5kW
Speed Variable speed
Connections Flanges
Port to port 280 to 450 mm
Pump housing Cast iron
CommuNcntoN
Alarm relay
Digital input
Analog input
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Integrated frequency converter
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Cataphoresis treated
Communication
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Easy start-up
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Very low operating cost
High comfort
Access to operation data
Overview
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

1
1
2. Heating
N8JNk
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -10 to + 140C
Pressure PN 16 ( 16 bar )
Power range 0.37 KW to 355 KW
Speed 1 speed
Connections DN 32 - 300
Pump housing Cast iron, Bronze
CommuNcntoN
None
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Flexibility
High quality material
High efficiency
Wide product range
Spacer coupling
Wide system range
Standard motor
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Low operating cost
Overview
NB/NK
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

1
2
2. Heating
N8JNk
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -10 to +140C
Pressure PN 16 ( 16 bar )
Power range 0.75 KW to 7.5 KW
Speed Variable
Connections DN 32 - 125
Pump housing Cast iron
CommuNcntoN
Alarm relay
Digital input
Analog input
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Integrated frequency converter
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Communication
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Easy start-up
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Very low operating cost
High comfort
Access to operation data
Overview
NB/NK
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

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3
2000 4000 6000 8000
100
80
60
40
20
100% 75% 25% 50%
2. Heating
MnN rumrs
fuNctoN
Due to variation in the heat demand and the flow,
we recommend to use speed controlled pumps in
parallel as main pumps. Maximum 3 pumps plus
1 as standby pump. By speed controlling all the
pumps it is possible to obtain the maximum energy
saving.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 60 UPE Series 2000
60 - 100 TPE Series 2000
100 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
It is important to check the efficiency at the duty
point where the system has a high number of
operating hours.
INstnttntoN
Using UPE and TPE Series 2000, no external pres-
sure sensor and motor protection is necessary, only
a PMU is needed for parallel operation.
It is possible to have proportional pressure without
a sensor placed in the system.
For pumps above 7.5 kW both external sensor,
motor protection and a pump control unit is neces-
sary.
System description
Flow variation in a
reference year (8760 hours)
Flow
%
Hours/year
Duty point with a high number
of operating hours
Flow
When pumps are installed in parallel
non-return valves must be installed
2

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4
75% 25% 50%
100% 75% 25% 50%
100%
2. Heating
8otre suuNt
fuNctoN
The primary task of the boiler shunt pump is to
ensure that the temperature differences between
top and bottom of the boiler are not too big, big
temperature differences cause tension in the mate-
rial and thus reduce the life of the boiler.
For certain types of fuel there is a risk of corrosion
at too low temperatures at the bottom of the boiler.
Maximum safety is ensured when using a control-
led pump, and the energy saving is optimal.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 100 TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
100 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
Often the pumps have high flow and low head,
and then it is important to check the NPSH value
of the pump.
INstnttntoN
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME: The pumps have an integrated
frequency converter and a motor protection.
A temperature transmitter with an output signal of
0/5-10V or 0/4-20 mA should be used. R100 remote
control is used for start-up and later reading out of
operating data.
LM/LP/CLM/NK: The mentioned pump types require
an external frequency converter and an external
regulator.
System description
t
F
90C
t
R
50C
t

= 40C
Head
m
NPSH
m
Max. flow
Flow
Flow
Placing of temperature sensor
t
2

.

1
5
2. Heating
MxNc toors
fuNctoN
Due to variation in use and heat demand in differ-
ent parts of the building, the system is divided
into zones controlled by a mixing loop. The flow
temperature will be lower than in the mains sup-
ply, which will result in a higher flow in the zone
than in the mains supply. This will help obtain a
better hydraul-ic balance in the total system. Speed
controlling the pump makes it possible to obtain
the maximum energy saving.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 60 UPE Series 2000
60 - 100 TPE Series 2000
When using a two-way valve, the pressure lost in
the valve will be managed by the main pump. When
using a three-way valve, the pump in the mixing
loop also has to manage the pressure lost in the
valve.
INstnttntoN
Using UPE and TPE Series 2000 there is no need for
an external pressure sensor and a motor protection.
It is possible to have proportional pressure without
a sensor placed in the system.
System description
Q = 4.3 m
3
/h
t
F
= 60C
t
F
= 80C
Q = 2.15 m
3
/h
t
F
= 40C
t
F
= 40C
= 100kW
M
M
p
pump
Mixing loop with 2 way valve
M
p
pump
Mixing loop with 2 way valve
2

.

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6
2. Heating
Hrnt suerncr
fuNctoN
A heating surface heats the air which through the
ventilation system is blown into the building. The
temperature in the heating surface depends on the
outdoor temperature and is controlled by way of the
ventilation systems control unit. The system has a
constant flow and variable temperature, where it
is important that the flow is correct. Normally the
flow is adjusted by a regulating valve, it may also be
an advantage to use an adjustable pump (E-pump).
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 60 UPE Series 2000
60 - 100 TPE/LME/LPE
INstnttntoN
UPE Series 2000:
The pump is set to constant curve and then adjusted
to the correct flow.
TPE/LME/LPE:
The pump is set at uncontrolled mode, and then
adjusted to the correct flow.
This is easily done with remote control R100.
System description
Flow adjusted
with a valve
Flow adjusted
with a pump
M
M
Head
Power
Max. speed
Flow adjusted
with a valve
Correct flow
Flow
p
valve
Head
Power
Max. speed
Correct flow
Flow
Reduced speed
2

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7
2. Heating
Hrnt ercovreNc
fuNctoN
The purpose of the system is to recover the heat
of the outlet air. The primary task of the pump
is to ensure an optimal flow between the heating
surfaces. The pump/valve is controlled from the
general control unit of the ventilation system. The
saving potential of using a controlled pump in
stead of a three-way valve to reach the correct
temperature is very big.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 100 TPE/LME/LPE
The total efficiency of the system depends on
whether the circulated quantity of water is correct.
If there is a risk of temperatures below 0C in the air
intake of the system, the system must be applied
with an antifreeze agent. If a 37% glocyl mixture is
used, this will protect against frost down to 20C.
INstnttntoN
The pump is set at uncontrolled, and the signal
from the central control unit is connected to the
analog entry (0/5-10v or 0/4-20 mA).
R100 remote control must be used in connection
with setting up the pump.
System description
M
3 way valve controlled system
Pump controlled system
System efficiency =
t
2
- t
1
t
3
- t
1
Air out Air in
t
1
t
2 t
3
2

.

1
8
2. Heating
Hot wntre cecutntoN
fuNctoN
The purpose of the system is domestic hot water
heating. The function of the circulator pump is to
ensure that hot water is always available as close
to the tapping point as possible, in order to reduce
waste of water and increase the comfort. In certain
installations (loading circuits) the pump can at
the same time ensure the circulation between the
inverter and the storage tank.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h Uncontrolled Controlled
0.5 - 6 UPS Series 100 TPE
6 - 60 UPS Series 200 TPE
60 - 200 LM/LP/CLM LME/LPE/CLME
Normally uncontrolled pumps are used, because
usually the flow variation is only small. It may be
advantageous to use controlled pumps for adjust-
ment of the flow when starting up the system,
though.
In large systems it will also be an advantage to use
a temperature controlled pump.
INstnttntoN
Because of the contents of gasses in water, it is
important that this gas is not gathered in the pump,
thus reducing the lifetime of the pump. Therefore
it is always recommended to install the pump with
upward flow direction, and minimum horizontal
flow direction.
System description
Cold water
Hot
water
Hot
water
circulation
Temperature
transmitter
Cold water
Hot
water
Hot
water
circulation
Cold water
Air-vent
2

.

1
9
2. Heating
Hot wntre reoouctoN
fuNctoN
To make the system as flexible as possible, the
heating and storage of the domestic hot water are
divided into two units, one for heating and one for
accumulation of the hot water. The construction
of the systems among others depends on the kind
of heat exchanger (charger) used. The pump is con-
trolled by the temperature in the storage tank,
either ON/OFF or variable speed.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h Uncontrolled Controlled
0.5 - 6 UPS Series 100 TPE
6 - 60 UPS Series 200 TPE
60 - 200 LM/LP/CLM LME/LPE/CLME
If one pump is used for both accumulation and
circulation, the minimum flow of the pump must be
the same as the required flow for circulation.
INstnttntoN
If the pump is installed on the hot side of the
exchanger, it must be ensured that the temperature
does not exceed required max. temperature, as this
may cause lime depositing in the pump.
Because of the contents of gasses in water, it is
important that this gas is not gathered in the pump,
thus reducing the lifetime of the pump. Therefore
it is always recommended to install the pump with
upward flow direction, and minimum horizontal
flow direction.
System description
Recirculation pump
Charge pump
Hot water
storage tank
M
HWC
CW
HW
Recirculation and
charge pump
M
Hot water
storage tank
HWC
CW
HW
Charge
exchanger
Recirculation
exchanger
Charge pump Recirculation pump
Hot water
storage tank
HW
CW
HWC
M M
2

.

2
0
50 100 500
100
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
1,000
1000 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000
1
5
10
50
100
10
2. Heating
MnN rumrs
Duck cuor roe srtrctNc rumr tvrr
Step 1: Define total m
2
heated area ex. 20,000 m
2
Step 2: Define heat loss per m
2
ex. 50 W/m
2
(total heat loss 1,000 kW)
Step 3: Define t of the system ex. t 20C (flow 43 m
3
/h)
Step 4: Define p of the pump ex. 10 m
Step 5: Find the exact pump in the data booklet ex. TPE 80-180 3.0 kW
How to select
100 W/m
2
= Old building (low insulation)
75 W/m
2
= Old building (medium insulation)
50 W/m
2
= New building (high insulation)
t = 40C ex. (t
F
90C - t
R
50C)
t = 30C ex. (t
F
80C - t
R
50C)
t = 20C ex. (t
F
70C - t
R
50C)
t = 10C ex. (t
F
60C - t
R
50C)
W/m
2
= 100
W/m
2
= 75
W/m
2
= 50
t = 40C
t = 30C
t = 20C
t = 10C
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (wet runner)
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 2 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 3 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
H
e
a
t
i
n
g

d
e
m
a
n
d

i
n

[
k
W
]
H
e
a
t


i
n

[
m
]
Heated area in [m
2
]
Flow in [m
3
/h]
2

.

2
1
50 100 500
100
500
1,000
5,000
10,000



1,000
1000 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000
1
5
10
50
100
10
2. Heating
MnN rumrs
Duck cuor roe srtrctNc rumr tvrr
Step 1: Define total m
2
heated area
Step 2: Define heat loss per m
2
Step 3: Define t of the system
Step 4: Define p of the pump
Step 5: Find the exact pump in the data booklet
How to select
100 W/m
2
= Old building (low insulation)
75 W/m
2
= Old building (medium insulation)
50 W/m
2
= New building (high insulation)
t = 40C ex. (t
F
90C - t
R
50C)
t = 30C ex. (t
F
80C - t
R
50C)
t = 20C ex. (t
F
70C - t
R
50C)
t = 10C ex. (t
F
60C - t
R
50C)
W/m
2
= 100
W/m
2
= 75
W/m
2
= 50
t = 40C
t = 30C
t = 20C
t = 10C
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (wet runner)
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 2 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 3 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
H
e
a
t
i
n
g

d
e
m
a
n
d

i
n

[
k
W
]
H
e
a
t


i
n

[
m
]
Heated area in [m
2
]
Flow in [m
3
/h]
2

.

2
2
2. Heating
MnN rumrs
5trr 1:
Calculate the flow required in the system:
x 0.86
(t
F
-t
R
)
= Heat demand in [kW]
Q = Volume flow rate in [m
3
/h]
t
F
= Dimensioning flow pipe temperature in [C]
t
R
= Dimensioning return-pipe temperature in [C]
0.86 is the conversion factor (kcal/h to kW)
Calculate the heat required in the system:
The value to the end farthest off or the high value
of the system is the basis for pump dimensioning.
5trr 2:
Lay down the flow variation of the system:
Ex. of variation in the flow:

100% flow for 5% hours
75% flow for 10% hours
50% flow for 35% hours
25% flow for 50% hours
5trr 3:
Lay down the operating hours per year:
System with domestic hot water production:
8,760 hours/year.
System without domestic hot water production,
depending on the location:
ex. 5,500 hours/year.
5trr 4:
Define if it is profitable to speed control the pump
depending on variation in flow and duration of
variation.
How to select
= Q
Head
[m]
Max.
duty point
System
characteristics
Required
head
Flow required
Flow [m
3
/h]
= Variation in flow
= Calculation profile
Operating hours in %
Flow in %
%
Profitable to speed
control the pump
Unprofitable to speed
control the pump
M
a
x
.

v
a
r
i
a
t
i
o
n

i
n

f
l
o
w
Duration of variation in flow
%
2

.

2
3
100
1
10
100
10 1,000
50
5
50 500
129
18
100% 75% 25% 50%
2. Heating
MnN rumrs
5trr 5:
Define number of pumps in the system
Systems with constant flow:
Pumps in operation and stand-by pumps.
When there is no variation in the flow, 1 pump in
operation and 1 stand-by pump are probably the
solution. Here, the efficiency in the duty point is
very important.
Systems with variable flow:
Having variation, it can be profitable to choose
more than 1 pump together with 1 stand-by pump.
Here it is also important to check the efficiency in
the duty point where there are a lot of operating
hours.
5trr 6:
Where to place the transmitter:
Define where to place the differential pressure
transmitter.
For smaller systems it is possible to use pumps
(pumps up to 7.5kW) with integrated transmitter
and controller; the pressure loss compensation will
be managed by the built-in controller.
For larger systems the differential pressure trans-
mitter can be placed either over the pump or at a
critical point in the system.
How to select
Head in
[m]
Flow in [m
3
/h]
Duty point with a lot of
operating hours
p pump
p system
Flow
2

.

2
4
129
18
2. Heating
How to select
MnN rumrs rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
80,000 m
2
old renovated building 75 W/m
2
Heat demand: (80,0000 m
2
x 0.075 W/m
2
) 6,000 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 90C
Return temperature (t
R
): 50C
t : (90C 50C) 40C
Flow ((6,000x0.86)/40) 129 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (129 m
3
/h): 18 m
5rtrctoN:
1 constant speed pump + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 2 x NK 80-250/259
Motor size: 2 x 11.0 kW
Variation in flow:
100% flow for 5% hours

75% flow for 10% hours
50% flow for 35% hours
25% flow for 50% hours

Operating hours per year: 8,760 hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 438 9.8 4,292
75 876 8.3 7,270
50 3,066 6.6 20,235
25 4,380 4.8 21,024
Total 8,760 Total 52,821
H
e
a
t
i
n
g

p
r
o
d
u
c
t
i
o
n
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

n
e
t
t
F
t
R
p
outlet
p
inlet p
inlet


p
outlet
=
p
pump system
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
NK
2

.

2
5
100
1
10
100
10 1,000
50
5
50 500
129
18
2. Heating
MnN rumrs rx.
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
80,000 m
2
old renovated building 75 W/m
2
Heat demand: (80,0000 m
2
x 0.075 W/m
2
) 6,000 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 90C
Return temperature (t
R
): 50C
t : (90C 50C) 40C
Flow ((6,000 x 0.86)/40) 129 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (129 m
3
/h): 18 m
5rtrctoN:
2 speed controlled pumps + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 3 x TPE 80-240
Motor size: 3 x 5.5 kW
Variation in flow:
100% flow for 5% hours

75% flow for 10% hours
50% flow for 35% hours
25% flow for 50% hours

Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 438 10.3 4,551
75 876 5.9 5,168
50 3,066 3.62 11,099
25 4,380 1.31 5,738
Total 8,760 Total 26,516
H
e
a
t

p
r
o
d
u
c
t
i
o
n
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

n
e
t
t
F
t
R
p
outlet
p
inlet p
inlet


p
outlet
=
p
pump system
Flow in [m
3
/h]
Head in
[m]
2

.

2
6
2. Heating
MnN rumrs comrnesoN
5vstrm 1:
1 constant speed pump + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 2 x NK 80-250/259
Motor size: 2 x 11.0 kW
Control panel: Motor protection
Change-over switch
Access to system data: No
Price index: 100 (4,500 EURO)
5vstrm 2:
2 speed controlled pumps + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 3 x TPE 80-240
Motor size: 3 x 5.5kW
Controller: PMU
Access to system data: Yes
Price index: 162 (7,290 EURO)
ComrnesoNJsrNrrt:
The comparison of the two systems makes it clear
that the large savings are gained by reduced flow.
Already at a flow of 75% the savings are 29%. In
addition to the energy saving there is also an in-
crease in comfort, due to the reduced pressure and
thereby reduced noise in the system valves.
Depending on the energy price the pay-back time is
very short for the extra costs of the speed controlled
pump system.
At a cost of 0.1 EURO per kWh, the pay-back time is
approximately 1.1 years.
How to select
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 438 9.8 4,292
75 876 8.3 7,270
50 3,066 6.6 20,235
25 4,380 4.8 21,024
Total Total
8,760 52,821
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 438 10.3 4,551
75 876 5.9 5,168
50 3,066 3.62 11,099
25 4,380 1.31 5,738
Total Total
8,760 26,516
Flow Sys.1 Sys. 2 Savings Savings
[%] [kWh] [kWh] [kWh] %

100 4,292 4,551 -259 -6
75 7,270 5,168 2,102 29
50 20,235 11,099 9,136 45
25 21,024 5,738 15,286 72
Total 52,821 26,516 26,305 50
2

.

2
7
100%
100%
2. Heating
8otre suuNt rx.
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Boiler effect: 2,000 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 90C
Return temperature (t
R
): 50C
Return temperature (t
RB
): 70C
Flow (Q
SH
): 86 m
3
/h
p with max. flow (129 m
3
/h): 8 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
Selected pump: 1 x CLM 125-211
Motor size: 1 x 4,0 kW
Variation in flow:
100% flow for 33% hours

75% flow for 33% hours
50% flow for 33% hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:

Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 1,833 3.7 6,782
75 1,833 3.7 6,782
75 1,833 3.7 6,782
Total 5,500 Total 20,346
t
F
90C
t
R
50C
t
RB
70C
H
Q
Max. load
main system
Min. load
main system
p
valve
2

.

2
8
50% 75% 100%
100%
40%
12%
2. Heating
8otre suuNt rx.
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Boiler effect: 2,000 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 90C
Return temperature (t
R
): 50C
Return temperature (t
RB
): 70C
Flow (Q
SH
): 86 m
3
/h
p with max. flow (129 m
3
/h): 8 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
Selected pump: 1 x CLME 125-211
Motor size: 1 x 4,0 kW
Variation in flow:
100% flow for 33% hours

75% flow for 33% hours
50% flow for 33% hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:

Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 1,833 3.5 6,415
75 1,833 1.3 2,383
50 1,833 0.4 773
Total 5,500 Total 9,571
t
F
90C
t
R
50C
t
RB
70C
H
Q
Max. load
main system
Min. load
main system
t
2

.

2
9
2. Heating
MxNc toors rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with two-way valve:
Heat demand in the zone: 60 kW
Flow temperature main system (t
F
): 90C
Flow temperature in the zone (t
FZ
): 70C
Return temperature in the zone (t
RZ
): 40C
Flow ((60 x 0.86)/30): 1.72 m
3
/h
p zone at max. flow (1.72 m
3
/h):
(radiators+RTV+pipes/valves)(0.2+0.8+1.0): 2 m
5rtrctoN:
1 speed controlled pump
Selected pump: UPE 25-40
Motor size: 1 x 60 W
Operating hours per year: 5,500
With an MC module it is possible to have an alarm
from the pump.
With an MB module it is possible to have GENIbus
communication, + G10 (gateway) being LONWORK.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]

100 275 54 14.9
75 550 44 24.2
50 1,925 36 69.3
25 2,750 29 79.8
Total 5,500 Total 118.2
How to select
Q zone:
1.72 m
3
/h
t
FZ
70C
t
RZ
50C
p pump:
2.0 m
t
F
90C
Q main
1.03 m
3
/h
M
Alarm: output
Min./Max. curve: input
Stop/start: input
Analog 0-10V: input
Min./Max. curve: input
Stop/start: input
GENIbus: in/output
+ G10 LONWORK: in/output
MB
40/60
MB
40/60
Power
supply
Power
supply
G10
2

.

3
0
2. Heating
MxNc toors rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with three-way valve:
Heat demand in the zone: 60 kW
Flow temperature main system (t
F
): 90C
Flow temperature in the zone (t
FZ
): 70C
Return temperature in the zone (t
RZ
): 40C
Flow ((60 x 0.86)/30): 1.72 m
3
/h
p zone at max. flow (1.72 m
3
/h):
three-way valve: 2.0 m
(radiators+RTV+pipes/valves)(0.2+0.8+1.0): 2.0 m
Total p: 4.0 m
5rtrctoN:
1 speed controlled pump
Selected pump: UPE 25-80
Motor size: 1 x 250 W
Operating hours per year: 5,500
With an MC module it is possible to have an alarm
from the pump.
With an MB module it is possible to have GENIbus
communication, + G10 (gateway) being LONWORK.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 275 130 35.8
75 550 107 58.9
50 1,925 89 171.3
25 2,750 78 214.5
Total 5,500 Total 480.5
How to select
Q zone:
1.72 m
3
/h
t
FZ
70C
t
RZ
50C
p pump:
4.0 m
t
F
90C
Q main
1.03 m
3
/h
M
Alarm: output
Min./Max. curve: input
Stop/start: input
Analog 0-10V: input
Min./Max. curve: input
Stop/start: input
GENIbus: in/output
+ G10 LONWORK: in/output
MB
80
MB
80
Power
supply
Power
supply
G10
2

.

3
1
2. Heating
Hrnt suerncr rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with constant speed pump:
Heat demand: 100 kW
Flow temperature main system (t
F
): 75C
Flow temperature (t
FS
): 50C
Return temperature (t
R
): 25C
Flow ((100 x 0.86)/25): 3.4 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (3.4 m
3
/h):
(surface+pipes/valves)(1.5+0.8+1.0): 3.3 m
5rtrctoN:
1 constant speed pump
Selected pump: UPS 25-80
Motor size: 1 x 250 W
Operating hours per year: 5,500
The pump is set at speed 3, and the flow is adjusted
to calculated flow.
At speed 3 and a flow of 3.4 m
3
/h the head is 5.8 m.
The pressure loss over the adjustment valve has to
be (5.8 3.3) = 2.5 m more than at fully open valve.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 5,500 221 1,216
Total 5,500 Total 1,216
How to select
Air flow
Adjustment
valve
Constant
speed pump
t
R
t
FS
t
F
M
Head
Flow
Adjustment
valve
5.8 m
3.3 m
3.4 m
3
/h
2

.

3
2
2. Heating
Hrnt suerncr rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with variable speed pump:
Heat demand: 100 kW
Flow temperature main system (t
F
): 75C
Flow temperature (t
FS
): 50C
Return temperature (t
R
): 25C
Flow ((100 x 0.86)/25): 3.4 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (3.4 m
3
/h):
(surface+pipes/valves)(1.5+0.8): 2.3 m
5rtrctoN:
1 constant speed pump
Selected pump: UPE 25-80
Motor size: 1 x 250 W
Operating hours per year: 5,500
The pump is set at constant curve and adjusted to
the right flow. The total head is lower due to no
adjustment valve in the system. At the same time it
is possible to communicate with the pump.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 5,500 140 770
Total 5,500 Total 770
5nvNc:
The energy saving compared to an installation
with an adjustment valve:
(1,216-770) = 446 kWh = 27%
Moreover, an adjustment valve is not required
(costs saved).
How to select
Air flow
Variable
speed pump
t
R
t
FS
t
F
M
Head
Flow
Max. curve
2.3 m
3.4 m
3
/h
Reduced speed
2

.

3
3
0
-40
-30
-20
-10
0 40 60 20 %
0 40 60 20 %
1100
1075
1050
1000
1025
2. Heating
Hrnt ercovrev rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with three-way valve:
Heat transfer: 200 kW
Temperature air (t
1
): - 12C
Temperature air (t
2
): +10C
Temperature air (t
3
): +22C
Temperature liquid (t
F
): +12C
Temperature liquid (t
R
): + 0C
t liquid system (12-0): +12C
Anti-freeze protection down to: -20C

Calculation of flow:
Flow water((200 x 0.86)/12): 14.3 m
3
/h
Compensation factor for anti-freeze: 1.14
(The specific heat drops by 20%)
(Density increase 6%)
Flow with anti-freeze liquid (14.3x1.14): 16.3 m
3
/h
p system at max. flow
three-way valve: 3.3 m
(heat surface+pipes/valves)(2.3+1.0): 3.3 m
Compensation factor for anti-freeze: 1.3
Total p: ((3.3+3.3) x 1.3) 8.6 m
5rtrctoN:
1 constant speed pump
Selected pump: TP 65-120
Motor size: 1 x 1.1 kW
Operating hours per year: 5,500
Due to higher density the power consumption P2
will increase from 675 W to 715 W (P1=890W). To
prevent overload of the motor it is important to
check the max. P2 value of the motor. In this case
the value is 1100 W, which gives a good safety
margin. A dry-runner has been selected to avoid
problems with condensation in the motor, and the
shaft seal is of the RUUE type due to the liquid
with glycol.
How to select
Air flow
outlet
Air flow
inlet
t
3
t
R
t
F
t
1
t
2
M
Freezing point
Propylene glycol
Ethylene glycol
Glycol
Glycol
Ethylene glycol
0C
10C
0C
10C
Propylene glycol
Density kg/m
3
C
2

.

3
4
0
-40
-30
-20
-10
0 40 60 20 %
0 40 60 20 %
1100
1075
1050
1000
1025
2. Heating
Hrnt ercovrev rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example speed controlled pump:
Heat transfer: 200 kW
Temperature air (t
1
): -12C
Temperature air (t
2
): +10C
Temperature air (t
3
): +22C
Temperature liquid (t
F
): +12C
Temperature liquid (t
R
): + 0C
t liquid system (12-0): +12C
Anti-freeze protection down to: -20C

Calculation of flow:
Flow water((200 x 0.86)/12): 14.3 m
3
/h
Compensation factor for anti-freeze: 1.14
(The specific heat drops by 20%)
(Density increase 6%)
Flow with anti-freeze liquid (14.3 x 1.14): 16.3 m
3
/h
p system at max. flow
(heat surface+pipes/valves)(2.3+1.0): 3.3 m
Compensation factor for anti-freeze: 1.3
Total p: (3.3 x 1.3) 4.3 m
5rtrctoN:
1 speed contolled pump
Selected pump: TPE 65-60
Motor size: 1 x 0.55 kW
Operating hours per year: 5,500
The pump is set at uncontrolled mode, and via
the 0-10V analog input it is controlled by the air
handling unit controller.
Due to higher density the power consumption P2
will increase from 360 W to 385 W (P1=511W).
To prevent overload of the motor it is important
to check the max. P2 value of the motor. In this
case the value is 550 W, which gives a good safety
margin.
A dry-runner has been selected to avoid problems
with condensation in the motor, and the shaft seal
is of the RUUE type due to the liquid with glycol.
How to select
Air flow
outlet
Air flow
inlet
t
3
t
R
t
F
t
1
t
2
Freezing point
Propylene glycol
Ethylene glycol
Glycol
Glycol
Ethylene glycol
0C
10C
0C
10C
Propylene glycol
Density kg/m
3
C
2

.

3
5
2. Heating
Hrnt ercovrev comrnesoN rx.
5vstrm 1:
1 constant speed pump
Selected pump: TP 65-120
Motor size: 1 x 1.1 kW
Operating hours per year: 5,500
Three-way valve: Yes
Access to system data: No
Price index: 100 (570 EURO)
5vstrm 2:
1 speed controlled pump
Selected pump: TPE 65-60
Motor size: 1 x 0.55 kW
Three-way valve: No
Operating hours per year: 5,500
Access to system data: Yes
Price index: 150 (860 EURO)
ComrnesoNJsrNrrt:
Using a speed controlled pump, the total pressure
loss in the system drops dramatically, and it is pos-
sible to get a variable flow in the system depending
on the actual situation. When the flow is readjusted
the pump will follow the system characteristics
giving high savings. On top of the energy savings
there is also a saving in investment and installation
costs, as there is no need for the motor valve and
the by-pass.
Depending on the energy price the pay-back time is
very short for the extra costs of the speed controlled
pump system. At a cost of 0.1 EURO per kWh the
pay-back time is 1 year.
How to select
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 5,500 890 4,895
Total Total
5,500 4,895
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 2,200 511 1,124
75 2,200 308 678
50 1,100 173 190
Total Total
5,500 1,992
Flow Sys.1 Sys. 2 Saving Saving
[%] [kWh] [kWh] [kWh] %

100 4,895 1,124
75 678
50 190
Total 4,895 1,992 2,903 59
2

.

3
6
2. Heating
Hot wntre cecutntoN rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with fixed speed pump:
Hotel with 320 rooms.
Circulation loss per room: 200 W
Total loss: 64 kW
Hot water temperature (t
H
): 55C
Circulation return temperature (t
C
): 45C
t system: 10C
Flow ((64 x 0.86)/10): 5.5 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (5.5 m
3
/h):
(tank+pipes/valves)(1.0+2.5+3.0): 7.0 m
5rtrctoN:
1 constant speed pump
Selected pump: UPS 32-120 FB
Motor size: 1 x 400 W
Operating hours per year: 8,760

With a relay module built into the terminal box,
there is no need for external motor protection, and
at the same time the pump will have an alarm
relay.
Due to risk of corrosion the pump housing is made
of bronze.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,920 295 861
80 2,920 277 809
60 2,920 253 739
Total 8,760 Total 2,409
How to select
55C
45C
5.5 m
3
/h
7.0 m
Hot
water
Hot
water
circulation
Heat loss
Thermostatic
valve
Cold water
Air-vent
Heat loss
2

.

3
7
2. Heating
Hot wntre cecutntoN rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with fixed speed pump:
Hotel with 320 rooms
Circulation loss per room: 200 W
Total loss: 64 kW
Hot water temperature (t
H
): 55C
Circulation return temperature (t
C
): 45C
t system: 10C
Flow ((64 x 0.86)/10): 5.5 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (5.5 m
3
/h):
(tank+pipes/valves)(1.0+2.5+1.0): 5.0 m
5rtrctoN:
1 speed controlled pump
Selected pump: TPE 40-60
Motor size: 1 x 370 W
Operating hours per year: 8,760
There is no need for motor protection, and at the
same time the pump will have an alarm relay.
The pump is set at controlled mode, and the signal
from the temperature transmitter is connected
directly to the terminal box.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,920 260 760
80 2,920 185 540
60 2,920 126 368
Total 8,760 Total 1,668
Savings compared to a system with thermostatic
valves are 30%. Furthermore, investment and total
installation costs are lower.
How to select
55C
45C
5.5 m
3
/h
5.0 m
Hot
water
Hot
water
circulation
Heat loss
Temperature
transmitter
Cold water
Air-vent
Heat loss
2

.

3
8
M
Hot
storage
M
2. Heating
Hot wntre reoouctoN rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Example with fixed speed pump:
Hotel with 320 rooms.
Total effect (9,600/10): 800 kW
Hot water temperature (t
H
): 55C
Cold water temperature (t
CO
): 8C
t system: 47C
Flow ((800 x0.86)/47): 14.6 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (14.6 m
3
/h):
(tank/exchanger+pipes/valves)
(1.0+3.5+0.5+1.5): 6.5 m
5rtrctoN:
1 speed controlled pump
Selected pump: TPE 50-120
Motor size: 1 x 1.1 kW
Operating hours per year: 5,110
There is no need for motor protection, and at the
same time the pump will have an alarm relay. The
pump is set at controlled mode, and the signal from
the temperature transmitter is connected directly
to the terminal box. The ON/OFF thermostat in
the storage tank is also connected direcly to the
terminal box.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:

Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 730 606 442
80 2,190 374 819
60 2,190 168 368
Total 5,110 Total 1,629
How to select
HW
HWC
CW
Charge pump
Hot water
storage tank
Temp. transmitter
ON/OFF thermostat
M
= Water consumption
= Variation in flow charge pump
= Calculation profile
Flow in %
Day-and-night
2

.

3
9
3. Air-conditioning
Overview
System/products
Product description
System description
Chiller pumps
Cooling towers
Dry cooler
Main pumps
Cooling surfaces
Cooling ceilings/floors
Fan coils
How to select
Chiller pumps
Cooling towers
Dry cooler
Main pumps
Cooling surfaces
Cooling ceilings/floors
Fan coils
3

.

1
3. Air-conditioning
5vstrmsJreooucts
Overview
UPS Series 100 O
UPS Series 200 O
TPE Series 2000 X X X
TP/LM/LP/CLM O O O O O O O
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME X X X X X O O
NK/NB O O O O
NKE/NBE X X X X
C
h
i
l
l
e
r

p
u
m
p
s
C
o
o
l
i
n
g

t
o
w
e
r
s
D
r
y

c
o
o
l
e
r
M
a
i
n

p
u
m
p
s
C
o
o
l
i
n
g

s
u
r
f
a
c
e
s
C
o
o
l
i
n
g
c
e
i
l
i
n
g
s
/
f
l
o
o
r
s
F
a
n

c
o
i
l
s
First choice = X Second choice = O
System Type
Product Type
Cooling Tower or Air Cooled Condenser
Cooler
Battery Chilled Beam Fan coil
Buffer tank Chiller
M M M
Chiller pump
Main pump
3

.

1
M
PMU
t p
G10
3. Air-conditioning
Peooucts J commuNcntoN
Overview
UPS Series 100
UPS Series 200 X X X X X
TPE Series 2000 X X X X X X
TP/LM/LP/CLM
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME X X X X X X X
NK/NB
NKE/NBE X X X X X X X
E
x
t
e
r
n
a
l

A
l
a
r
m
R
1
0
0

R
e
m
o
t
e

c
o
n
t
r
o
l
G
E
N
I
b
u
s
L
O
N

b
u
s
E
x
t
.

S
t
a
r
t

/

S
t
o
p
A
n
a
l
o
g
u
e

i
n
p
u
t
E
x
t
e
r
n
a
l

s
e
n
s
o
r
Communication
Product Type
PC User level
(BMS supply)
Sub-station level
(BMS supply)
Component level
(Grundfos)
PMU
G10
M
t p
3

.

2
3. Air-conditioning
Peooucts J coNteots
Overview
PMU
PFU
Delta Control
PCU
Management unit
for up to 8 pumps
Preset controller
for up to 4 pumps
Complete control
panel for up to
4 pumps
Contact unit for
up to 4 pumps
TPE Series 2000
Inline E-pumps
In-Line E-pumps
In-Line
End suction E-Pumps
End suction
PMU
PFU
7.5 kW
7.5 kW
7.5 kW
315 kW
Functionality Used in Max. kW
connection pump size
with
p
3

.

3
3. Air-conditioning
Peoouct enNcr
Overview
Air-conditioning Product Range
Survey curve 50 Hz
H[m]
Q[m
3
/h]
End-suction Dry-runners
NB/NK
NBE/NKE
In-line Dry-runners
TP/LM/LP/CLM
TPE Series 2000
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
In-line Glandless
UPS Series 100
UPS Series 200
3

.

4
3. Air-conditioning
frntuers J srNrrts
Overview
Features
5rtrctoN
Wide product range
Wide system range
Support tools
INstnttntoN
Easy electrical connection
Easy access to speed regulator
Clear user interface
Integrated frequency converter
No need for motor protection
DrrentoN
Very low noise level
High quality materials
Variable speed
High efficiency
Benefits
5rtrctoN
Only one supplier
Easy selection
Safe selection
INstnttntoN
Easy/safe installation
Safe/quick start up
Quick start up
Safe installation
Lower installation cost
DrrentoN
High comfort
Durability and Reliability
Energy saving and Controllability
Low operation cost
3

.

5
3. Air-conditioning
UP5 5rers 100
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn

Temperature -25 to +110C
Pressure PN 10 (10 bar)
Power range 25W to 250W
Speed 1 to 3 speed
Connections Unions; Flanges
Port to port 130 to 250 mm
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
Stainless Steel
CommuNcntoN

No
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Easy access to speed switch
Very low noise level
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Wide application range
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
2 years warranty
End user:
Maintenance free
Durability
Low operating cost
High comfort
UPS Series 100
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
3

.

6
3. Air-conditioning
UP5 5rers 200
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -10 to +120C
Pressure PN 10 (10 bar)
Power range 250W to 2200W
Speed 3 speed
Connections Flanges (PN6/10)
Port to port 220 to 450 mm
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
CommuNcntoN

Alarm module (accessories)
GENIbus module (accessories)
MnN Peoouct frntuers

Easy electrical connection
Water lubricated bearings
Very low noise level
High quality material
High efficiency
Motor protection module
Wide product range
Wide application range
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start-up
End user:
Long lifetime
Maintenance free
Low operating cost
High comfort
UPS Series 200
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
3

.

7
3. Air-conditioning
1P 5rers 2000
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -25 to +140C
Pressure PN 16 (16 bar)
Power range 0.37kW to 7.5kW
Speed Variable speed
Connections Flanges
Port to port 280 to 450 mm
Pump housing Cast iron
CommuNcntoN
Alarm relay
Digital input
Anlog input
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Integrated frequency converter
Integrated diff. pressure sensor
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Catephoresis coated
Communication
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Easy start-up
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Very low operating cost
High comfort
Access to operation data
TPE Series 2000
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
3

.

8
3. Air-conditioning
1PJLMJLPJCLM
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -25 to +140C
Pressure PN 20 (20 bar)
Power range 0.37kW to 45kW
Speed 1 speed
Connections Flanges
Port to port 280 to 820 mm
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
CommuNcntoN
None
MnN Peoouct frntuers
High quality material
High efficiency
Wide product range
Twin head pumps
Wide application range
Standard motor
Catephoresis coated
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Low operating cost
High comfort
TP/LM/LP/CLM
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
3

.

9
3. Air-conditioning
1PJLMJLPJCLM
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -25 to + 140C
Pressure PN 16 (16 bar)
Power range 0.37kW to 7.5kW
Speed Variable speed
Connections Flanges
Port to port 280 to 450 mm
Pump housing Cast iron
CommuNcntoN
Alarm relay
Digital input
Anlog input
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Integrated frequency converter
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Catephoresis coated
Communication
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Easy start-up
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Very low operating cost
High comfort
Access to operation data
TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
3

.

1
0
3. Air-conditioning
N8JNk
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -10 to + 140C
Pressure PN 16 ( 16 bar )
Power range 0.37 KW to 355 KW
Speed 50 Hz, 2 - 4 and 6 pol
Connections DN 32 - 300
Pump housing Cast iron; Bronze
CommuNcntoN
None
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Flexibility
High quality material
High efficiency
Wide product range
Spacer coupling
Wide application range
Standard motor
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Low operating cost
NB/NK
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
3

.

1
1
3. Air-conditioning
N8JNk
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature -10 to +140C
Pressure PN 16 ( 16 bar )
Power range 0.75 KW to 7.5 KW
Speed Variable
Connections DN 32 - 125
Pump housing Cast iron
CommuNcntoN
Alarm relay
Digital input
Anlog input
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy electrical connection
Integrated frequency converter
High quality material
High efficiency
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Communication
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Easy start-up
Only one supplier
End user:
Long lifetime
Very low operating cost
High comfort
Access to operation data
NBE/NKE
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
3

.

1
2
3. Air-conditioning
System description
Cuttro Wntre Pumrs
fuNctoN
Application with one chiller.
The chiller is fitted with temperature sensors which
control the temperature difference depending on
the cooling load. Care must be taken to ensure
that there is no freezing up of the evaporator coils.
Because of this, a constant water flow is required
and usually a fixed speed pump is installed.
Control is normally via a regulating valve, but it may
be possible to use a variable speed pump which is
controlled according to the start/stop sequence of
the chiller.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 150 TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
150 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
INstnttntoN
Pump is set to uncontrolled operation and then
adjusted to the correct flow. It is easily done with
the remote control R100.
Pump terminals for start/stop input are connected.
To secure a high comfort a standby pump can be
added. Controller PFU will be used for alternation
between two pumps.
Chiller pump
Chiller pump
Flow adjusted
with a valve
Flow adjusted
with a pump
Flow adjusted
with a valve Head
Power
Max. speed
Flow
Correct flow
p
valve
Flow adjusted
with a variable
speed pump
Head
Power
Max. speed
Flow
Correct flow
Reduced speed
3

.

1
3
p


3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro Wntre Pumrs
fuNctoN
2 chillers are connected in parallel, each having
their own pump.
The chillers have their own control systems and as
there is a risk of ice forming inside the evaporators,
a constant water flow is recommended.
The chillers run in cascade with the pumps being
controlled by a start/stop signal from the chillers.
On start, pumps start before the chillers start.
On stop, pumps stop just after the chillers stop.
With fixed speed (uncontrolled) pumps there is a
variation of pressure in the circuit hence a flow
variation.
See diagram Solution: Using variable speed pumps
the pressure drops through the evaporators are
controlled by differential pressure sensors. In order
to keep this pressure constant, pump performances
are controlled, the right flow attained and energy
consumption minimized.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 150 TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
150 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
INstnttntoN
Pump is set to controlled operation (p control). It is
easily done with the remote control R100.
Pump terminals for start/stop input are connected.
To secure a high comfort, a standby pump can be
added. Controller PFU will be used for alternation
between two pumps.
System description
p will increase when
2 pumps are running
p
p
Duty point when
2 pumps are running
Duty point when
1 pump is running
Uncontrolled pump
Q Q2 Q1
H
H2
H1
H
H2
H1
Q2 Q
Duty point when
2 pumps are running
Duty point when
1 pump is running
Variable speed pump
3

.

1
4
T

T
T
3. Air-conditioning
Ae Cootro CoNorNsre
fuNctoN
The chiller varies its performance according to the
cooling demand of the system. It is recommended
that the system has a constant flow, normally
adjusted by an regulating valve. It may be an
advantage to use a variable speed pump which can
provide a financially viable alternative.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 150 TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
150 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
In such systems, risk of frost will involve the use
of glycol mixture.
INstnttntoN
Pump is set to uncontrolled operation and then
adjusted to the correct flow. It is easily done with
the remote control R100.
To secure a high comfort, a standby pump can be
added. Controller PFU has to be used for alternation
between two pumps.
System description
Flow adjusted with a valve
Flow adjusted with a pump
Flow adjusted
with a valve Head
Power
Max. speed
Flow
Correct flow
p
valve
Flow adjusted
with a pump
Head
Power
Max. speed
Flow
Correct flow
Reduced speed
T
T
3

.

1
5
100% 75% 30% 50%
M
T
M
T
TT
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400
3. Air-conditioning
CootNc towres
fuNctoN
The chiller varies its performance according to the
cooling demand of the system. The cooling tower
has to be controlled, in order to keep a constant
return water temperature for the condenser.
Usually, the cooling tower water flow is controlled
by a three-way valve. The condenser has a constant
flow, normally adjusted by a regulating valve.
As an alternative, we recommend control of cooling
tower water flow by variable speed pumps. Pumps
adapt their speed according to the return water
temperature measured by the sensor. The complete
system has a variable flow, and therefore maximum
energy savings can be obtained.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 150 TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
150 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
In such systems, risk of frost will involve the use
of glycol mixture.
INstnttntoN
Temperature sensor is placed on the return pipe.
When using TPE, LME, LPE or CLME, no motor
protection is necessary, but a pump control unit
must be added for parallel operation. For bigger
systems, motor protection and pump control unit
are necessary.
An open cooling tower must be located on the
upper point of the circuit. This in order to obtain a
sufficient inlet pressure to avoid cavitation in the
pump.
System description
Parallel operation
T
M
T
Hours/year
F
l
o
w

i
n

%
Flow
3

.

1
6
100% 75% 30% 50%
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400
B
u
f
f
e
r

t
a
n
k
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc rumrs
fuNctoN
Installation with 2 way valves.
The demand for cooling varies greatly during the
year. When the installation is equipped with two-
way valves, the flow is variable. In this case
we recommend the use of variable speed pumps
installed in parallel as main pumps. Using a PFU
controller a maximum of 4 pumps can be controlled.
By varying the speed of all the pumps, maximum
energy savings can be obtained.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 100 TPE Series 2000
100 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
It is important to check the efficiency at the duty
point, where the system has a high number of
operating hours.
INstnttntoN
Using TPE Series 2000, no external pressure sensor
and motor protection is necessary, only a PMU is
needed for parallel operation. It is possible to have
proportional pressure without a sensor placed in
the system.
For bigger systems, both external sensor, motor
protection and a pump control unit is necessary.
System description
Hours/year
F
l
o
w

i
n

%
Duty point with a high number
of operatin hours
When pumps are installed in parallel
non-return valves must be installed
Flow
B
u
f
f
e
r

t
a
n
k
3

.

1
7
M M M M
t
MM MM MM MM
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400
100% 75% 30% 50%
M M M M
t
MM MM MM MM
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400
100% 75% 30% 50%
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc rumrs
fuNctoN
The demand for cooling varies greatly during the
year. When the installation is equipped with three-
way valves, the flow around the primary circuit
is constant, with the flow to the room coolers
being controlled by the three way valves. When
the cooling demand is low, water coming from the
chiller is by-passed and the return temperature is
reduced.
If the chiller is not controlled by this return
temperature, we recommend the use of variable
speed pumps mounted in parallel up to a maximum
of 4 pumps.
By controlling the speed of all the pumps, the return
temperature is maintained, and maximum energy
savings obtained.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 150 TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
150 - 200 LM/LP/CLM + External freq. converter
200 - 1000 NK+ External freq. converter
INstnttntoN
Temperature sensor is placed on the return pipe
after the last connecting point. Using TPE, LME,
LPE or CLME, no motor protection is necessary, but
a pump control unit must be added for parallel
operation. For bigger systems, motor protection and
pump control unit are necessary.
System description
Parallel operation
t
M
Hours/year
F
l
o
w

i
n

%
Flow
M M M
3

.

1
8

3. Air-conditioning
Cootre 8nttrev CoNteot
fuNctoN
A cooler battery cools the air, which is blown into
the building through the air conditioning system.
The temperature in the cooler battery is dependent
on the outside temperature and is controlled via
the air conditioning systems control unit. To ensure
a good heat transmission coefficient, the system
requires a constant flow.
The cooler battery output is controlled by a
temperature controller, using a mixing circuit
equipped with either a two-way or three-way valve.
Normally the flow is adjusted by a regulating Valve
but it may be an advantage to use a variable speed
pump.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 150 TPE/LME/LPE/CLME
INstnttntoN
TPE/LME/LPE:
The pump is set at uncontrolled mode, and then
adjusted to the correct flow.
This is easily done with remote control R100.
System description
Flow adjusted
with a valve
Flow adjusted
with a pump
Flow adjusted
with a valve Head
Power
Max. speed
Flow
Correct flow
p
valve
Flow adjusted
with a pump Head
Power
Max. speed
Flow
Correct flow
Reduced speed
3

.

1
9
M
100% 75% 30% 50%
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro 8rnmJftooe
fuNctoN
Due to the risk of condensation, the flow temperature
through a chilled beam/floor network must be higher
than the temperature in the pipework from the chiller.
A mixing circuit equipped with either two-way or
three-way valves controls this temperature.
Due to variation in use and cooling demand in
different parts of the building, the cooling duty of the
chilled beam / floor network is controlled by two-way
valves via a room control unit. By varying the speed
of the pump, it is possible to increase the electrical
energy saving of the system.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 100 TPE Series 2000
It is important to check the efficiency at the duty
point where the system has a high number of
operating hours.
INstnttntoN
Using TPE Series 2000 there is no need for an ex-
ternal pressure sensor and a motor protection. It
is possible to have proportional pressure without a
sensor placed in the system.
System description
15C
6C
18C
M
T
M
T
M
T
M
F
l
o
w

i
n

%
Hours/year
Flow
Duty point with a high number
of operating hours
3

.

2
0
100% 75% 30% 50%
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400
3. Air-conditioning
fnN cots
fuNctoN
In order to avoid too cold air flow, the flow
temperature through the fan coil network must be
higher the water temperature from the chiller.
A mixing circuit with either two-way or three-way
valves controls this temperature.
Due to variation in use and cooling demand in
different parts of the building, the cooling duty of
the fan coil network is controlled by two-way valves
via a room control unit. By varying the speed of the
pump, it is possible to increase the electrical energy
saving of the system.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m
3
/h
5 - 100 TPE Series 2000
It is important to check the efficiency at the duty
point where the system has a high number of
operating hours.
INstnttntoN
Using TPE Series 2000 there is no need for an
external pressure sensor and a motor protection. It
is possible to have proportional pressure without a
sensor placed in the system.
System description
10C
6C
15C
M
T
M
T
T
M
F
l
o
w

i
n

%
Hours/year
Flow
Duty point with a high number
of operating hours
3

.

2
1
100 1,000
1
5
10
50
100
100
1,000
100,000
10 10,000
1000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000
10,000
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs
How to select
Duck cuor roe srtrctNc rumr tvrr
Step 1: Define total m
2
cooled area ex. 250,000 m
2
Step 2: Define the cooling demand per m
2
ex. 50 W/m
2
(total cooling demand 12,500 kW)
Step 3: Define the t of the system ex. t 5C (flow 2,150 m
3
/h)
Step 4: Define the p of the pump ex. 45 m
Step 5: Find the exact pump in the data booklet ex. 3x NK 200-400/400 132 kW
100 W/m
2
= Old building (low insulation)
75 W/m
2
= Old building (medium insulation)
50 W/m
2
= New building (high insulation)
t = 10C ex. (t
F
8C - t
R
18C)
t = 5C ex. (t
F
6C - t
R
11C)
W/m
2
= 100
W/m
2
= 75
W/m
2
= 50
t = 10C
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (wet runner)
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 2 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 3 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 4-5 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
C
o
o
l
i
n
g

d
e
m
a
n
d

i
n

[
k
W
]
H
e
a
t

i
n

[
m
]
Cooled area in [m
2
]
Flow in [m
3
/h]
t = 5C
3

.

2
2
100 1,000
1
5
10
50
100
100
1,000
100,000
10 10,000
1000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000
10,000
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs
How to select
Duck cuor roe srtrctNc rumr tvrr
Step 1: Define total m
2
cooled area
Step 2: Define the cooling loss per m
2
Step 3: Define the t in the system
Step 4: Define the p of the pump
Step 5: Find the exact pump in the data booklet
100 W/m
2
= Old building (low insulation)
75 W/m
2
= Old building (medium insulation)
50 W/m
2
= New building (high insulation)
t = 10C ex. (t
F
8C - t
R
18C)
t = 5C ex. (t
F
6C - t
R
11C)
W/m
2
= 100
W/m
2
= 75
W/m
2
= 50
t = 10C
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (wet runner)
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 2 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 3 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 4-5 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
C
o
o
l
i
n
g

d
e
m
a
n
d

i
n

[
k
W
]
H
e
a
t

i
n

[
m
]
Cooled area in [m
2
]
Flow in [m
3
/h]
t = 5C
3

.

2
3
M M MM MM
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs rxnmrtr
5vstrm Dntn:
250,000 m
2
new building 50 W/m
2
Cooling demand: (250,0000 m
2
x 0.05kW/m
2
) 12,500 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
t: (11C 6C) 5C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((12,500 x 0.86)/5) 2,150 m
3
/h
p with max. flow (2,150 m
3
/h): 45 m
5rtrctoN: 5vstrm 1
2 Constant speed pumps + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 3 x NK 250-400/409
Motor size: 3 x 200 kW
The system is built with 3-way valves, which gives a
constant flow. The pumps are stopped when the
cooling demand is low.
Operating hours per year: 1,930 hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 1,930 342 660,060
Total 1,930 Total 660,060
How to select
B
u
f
f
e
r
t
a
n
k
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

n
e
t
t
F
t
R
M M
3

.

2
4
M M MM MM
T
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
250,000 m
2
new building 50 W/m
2
Cooling demand: (250,0000 m
2
x 0.05kW/m
2
) 12,500 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
t: (11C 6C) 5C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((12,500 x 0.86)/5) 2,150 m
3
/h
p with max. flow (2,150 m
3
/h): 45 m
5rtrctoN: 5vstrm 2
2 Speed controlled pumps + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 3 x NK 250-400/409
Motor size: 3 x 200 kW
The system is built with 3-way valves, which
gives a constant flow. The pumps are controlled
by means of a temperature sensor. Low cooling
demand will decrease the return temperature.
When the temperature decreases, the pump speed
will also decrease.
Operating hours per year: 2,930 hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 342 49,248
91 288 267 76,896
83 1,056 191 201,696
75 1,442 139 200,438
Total 2,930 Total 528,278
B
u
f
f
e
r
t
a
n
k
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

n
e
t
t
F
t
R
M M
T
3

.

2
5
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
250,000 m
2
new building 50 W/m
2
Cooling demand: (250,0000 m
2
x 0.05kW/m
2
) 12,500 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
t: (11C 6C) 5C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((12,500 x 0.86)/5) 2,150 m
3
/h
p with max. flow (2,150 m
3
/h): 45 m
5rtrctoN: 5vstrm 3
2 Constant speed pumps + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 3 x NK 250-400/409
Motor size: 3 x 200 kW
The system is built with 2-way valves, which gives
a varible flow.
Variation in the flow:
100% flow for 5% hours

75% flow for 10% hours
50% flow for 35% hours
30% flow for 50% hours

Operating hours per year: 2,930 hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 342 49,248
75 288 388 88,704
50 1,056 187 197,472
30 1,442 164 236,488
Total 2,930 Total 571,912
B
u
f
f
e
r
t
a
n
k
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

n
e
t
t
F
t
R
M M
3

.

2
6
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
250,000 m
2
new building 50 W/m
2
Cooling demand: (250,0000 m
2
x 0.05kW/m
2
) 12,500 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
t: (11C 6C) 5C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((12,500 x 0.86)/5) 2,150 m
3
/h
p with max. flow (2,150 m
3
/h): 45 m
5rtrctoN: 5vstrm 4
2 Constant speed pumps + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 4 x NK 200-400/400
Motor size: 4 x 132 kW
The system is built with 2-way valves, which gives
a varible flow.
Variation in the flow:
100% flow for 5% hours

75% flow for 10% hours
50% flow for 35% hours
30% flow for 50% hours

Operating hours per year: 2,930 hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 349 50,256
75 288 260 74,880
50 1,056 178 187,968
30 1,442 100 144,200
Total 2,930 Total 457,304
B
u
f
f
e
r
t
a
n
k
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

n
e
t
t
F
t
R
M M
p pumps =
constant pressure
p
3

.

2
7
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
250,000 m
2
new building 50 W/m
2
Cooling demand: (250,0000 m
2
x 0.05kW/m
2
) 12,500 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
t: (11C 6C) 5C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((12,500 x 0.86)/5) 2,150 m
3
/h
p with max. flow (2,150 m
3
/h): 45 m
5rtrctoN: 5vstrm 5
3 Speed controlled pumps + 1 stand-by pump
Selected pump: 4 x NK 200-400/400
Motor size: 4 x 132 kW
The system is built with 2-way valves, which gives
a varible flow.
Variation in the flow:
100% flow for 5% hours

75% flow for 10% hours
50% flow for 35% hours
30% flow for 50% hours

Operating hours per year: 2,930 hours
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 349 50,256
75 288 135 38,880
50 1,056 79 83,424
30 1,442 47 67,774
Total 2,930 Total 240,334
B
u
f
f
e
r
t
a
n
k
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

n
e
t
t
F
t
R
M M
p system =
proportinal pressure
p
3

.

2
8
3. Air-conditioning
Pemnev CecutntNc Pumrs comrnesoN
How to select
ComrnesoN:
System 1:
3-way valve system
2 constant speed pumps
Constant flow.
Energy consumption: 660,060 kWh/year

System 2:
3-way valve system
2 speed controlled pumps
Variable flow (temperature control)
Energy consumption: 528,278 kWh/year
System 3:
2-way valve system
2 constant speed pumps
Variable flow
Energy consumption: 571,912 kWh/year
System 4:
2-way valve system
3 speed controlled pumps
Variable flow (constant pressure)
Energy consumption: 457,304 kWh/year
System 5:
2-way valve system
3 speed controlled pumps
Variable flow (proportional pressure)
Energy consumption: 240,334 kWh/year
System 1 + 2:
System 3 + 4 + 5:
Energy
System consumtion Saving Saving
kWh/year kWh/year %

1 660,060 0 0
2 528,278 131,782 20
3 571,912 88,148 14
4 457,304 202,756 31
5 240,334 419,726 63
M
M M
M
3

.

2
9
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro Wntre Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
One chiller is used:
Cooling demand: 615 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((615 x 0.86)/5) 106 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (106 m
3
/h):
(pipes/chiller + adjusting valve )(8+2): 10 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
One head in operation One head in stand-by
Flow is constant
Selected pump: LPD 125-125/125
Motor size: 2 x 5.5 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 106 m
3
/h, the head is 11.3 m.
The pressure lost over the adjustment valve has
to be (11.3-10) = 1.3 m more than full open valve.
An external controller is necessary for alternation
between the two heads.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 5.8 16,994
Total 2,930 Total 16,994
Chiller pump
Head
Flow
Adjustment
valve
11.3 m
10 m
106 m
3
/h
3

.

3
0
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro Wntre Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
One chiller is used:
Cooling demand: 615 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((615 x 0.86)/5) 106 m
3
/h
p at max. flow (106 m
3
/h):
(pipes/chiller )(8): 8 m

5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
One head in operation One head in stand-by
Flow is constant
Selected pump: LPD 125-125/125
Motor size: 2 x 5.5 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
The pump is set at uncontrolled operation mode
and adjusted to the right flow. The total head is
lower, because there is no adjustment valve in
the system. At the same time it is possible to
communicate with the pump. An external controller
is necessary for alternation between the two
heads.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 5.15 15,090
Total 2,930 Total 15,090
5nvNc:
The energy saving compared to an installation
with an adjustment valve:
(16,994-15,090) = 1,904 kWh = 11%
On top of that there is a saving in buying an
adjustment valve.
Chiller pump
Head
Flow
Reduced speed
8 m
106 m
3
/h
Max. curve
3

.

3
1
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400

1000
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400

1000
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro Wntre Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Two chillers are connected in parallel,
each with one pump.
Cooling demand: 2 x 615 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
Liquid: Water
Flow 2x ((615 x 0.86)/5) 2 x 106 m
3
/h
p when 2 pumps are running:
(pipes/chiller + adjusting valve )(9+2): 11 m
p when 1 pump is running:
(pipes/chiller + adjusting valve )(7+2): 9 m
5rtrctoN:
2 Constant speed pumps
Two heads in operation Two heads in stand-by
Flow will vary
Selected pumps: 2 x LPD 125-125/125
Motor size: 2 x (2 x 5.5 kW)
Operating hours per year: 2,930
One pump in operation: 1,930
Two pumps in operation: 1,000
Based on a flow of 106 m
3
/h, the head is 11.3 m
(with both pumps in operation). The pressure
lost over the adjustment valve has to be (11.3-11)
= 0.3 m more than full open valve.
An external controller is necessary for alternation
between the two heads.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
50 1,930 6.1 11,773
100 1,000 2 x 5.8 11,600
Total 2,930 Total 23,373
p will increase when
2 pumps are running
F
l
o
w

i
n

%
Hours/year
2 chillers in
operation
1 chiller in
operation
1 pump in
operation
2 pumps in
operation
3

.

3
2
100
80
60
20
40
0 1200 2400

1000
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro Wntre Pumrs rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Two chillers are connected in parallel,
each with one pump.
Cooling demand: 2 x 615 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
R
): 11C
Liquid: Water
Flow 2x((615 x 0.86)/5) 2 x 106 m
3
/h
p when 2 pumps are running:
(pipes/chiller)(9): 9 m
p when 1 pump is running:
(pipes/chiller)(7): 7 m

5rtrctoN:
2 Speed controlled pumps
Flow per pump is constant
Selected pumps: 2 x LPDE 125-125/125
Motor size: 2 x (2 x 5.5 kW)
One pump in operation: 1,930 hours
Two pumps in operation: 1,000 hours
The pump is set at control mode and differential
pressure sensors are connected directly to the
pumps. No motor protection is needed, and an
alarm output can be obtained from the pump.
An external controller is necessary for alternation
between the two heads.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
50 1,930 4.8 9,264
100 1,000 2 x 5.5 11,000
Total 2,930 Total 20,264

5nvNc:
The energy saving compared to an installation with
an adjustment valve:
(23,373-20,264) = 3,109 kWh = 13%
On top of that there is a saving in buying an
adjustment valve.
p will increase when
2 pumps are running
F
l
o
w

i
n

%
Hours/year
2 chillers in
operation
1 chiller in
operation
1 pump in
operation
2 pumps in
operation
p
p
3

.

3
3
T
M
3. Air-conditioning
CootNc 1owres rxnmrtr
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 320 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 32C
Return temperature (t
R
): 27C
Liquid 40% glyc. water - : 1,040 kg/m
3
- cp: 0.88 kcal/kgC
- : 2 cst (= 2mm
2
/s)
Flow ((320 x 0.86)/(1,040x0.88x5)): 60 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/chiller/cooler + adj. valve + 3-way valve )(7+2+4): 13 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
One head in operation One head in stand-by
Flow is constant and adjusted by the 3-way valve.
Selected pump: LPD 100-125/133
Motor size: 2 x 4.0 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 60 m
3
/h, the head is 16 m. The
pressure lost over the adjustment valve has to be
(16-13) = 3 m more than full open valve.
An external controller is necessary for alternation
because of the high glycol content, the density of
the pumped liquid is increased and therefore the
power consumption of the motor will increase. To
prevent motor overload it is important to check
its P2 value. Shaft seal must be suitable for glycol
(RUUE version recommended).
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 4.5 13,185
Total 2,930 Total 13,185
How to select
Flow adjusted with a valve
Head
Flow
Adjustment
valve
16 m
13 m
60 m
3
/h
M
T
3

.

3
4
T
100% 75% 30% 50%
3. Air-conditioning
CootNc 1owres rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 320 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 32C
Return temperature (t
R
): 27C
Liquid 40% glyc. water - : 1,040 kg/m
3
- cp: 0.88 kcal/kgC
- : 2 cst (= 2mm
2
/s)
Flow ((320 x 0.86)/(1,040x0.88x5)): 60 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/chiller/cooler )(7): 7 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Speed controlled pump
Flow will vary
Selected pump: LMDE 100-200/187
Motor size: 2 x 3.0 kW
The pump is set at control mode and temperature
sensors are connected directly to the pumps. There
is no need for motor protection, and an alarm
output can be obtained from the pump. An external
controller is necessary for alternation between the
two heads. Because of the high glycol content,
the density of the pumped liquid is increased and
therefore the power consumption of the motor will
increase. To prevent motor overload it is important
to check its P2 value. Shaft seal must be suitable for
glycol (RUUE version recommended).
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 2.6 374
75 288 1.2 346
50 1,056 0.45 475
30 1,442 1.24 346
Total 2,930 Total 1,541
5nvNc:
The energy saving compared to an installation with
an adjustment valve:
(13,185-1,541) = 11,644 kWh = 88%
On top of that there is a saving in buying an
adjustment valve and a 3-way valve.
T
7 m
60 m
3
/h
Flow
3

.

3
5
TT
3. Air-conditioning
Ae Cootro CoNorNsre rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 532 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 32C
Return temperature (t
R
): 27C
Liquid 40% glyc. water - : 1,040 kg/m
3
- cp: 0.88 kcal/kgC
- : 2 cst (= 2mm
2
/s)
Flow ((532 x 0.86)/(1,040x0.88x5)): 100 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/chiller/cooler + adjusting valve )(9+2): 11 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
One head in operation One head in stand-by
Flow is constant
Selected pump: LPD 125-125/125
Motor size: 2 x 5.5 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 100 m
3
/h, the head is 12.5 m.
The pressure lost over the adjustment valve has to
be (12.5-11) = 1.5 m more than full open valve.
An external controller is necessary for alternation
between the two heads.
Because of the high glycol content, the density of
the pumped liquid is increased and therefore the
power consumption of the motor will increase. To
prevent motor overload it is important to check
its P2 value. Shaft seal must be suitable for glycol
(RUUE version recommended).
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 6.1 17,873
Total 2,930 Total 17,873
T
12,5 m
11 m
100 m
3
/h Flow
Flow adjusted with a valve
Head
Adjustment
valve
3

.

3
6
TT

3. Air-conditioning
Ae Cootro CoNorNsre rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 532 kW
Flow temperature (t
F
): 32C
Return temperature (t
R
): 27C
Liquid 40% glyc. water - : 1,040 kg/m
3
- cp: 0.88 kcal/kgC
- : 2 cst (= 2mm
2
/s)
Flow ((532 x 0.86)/(1,040x0.88x5)): 100 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/chiller/cooler)(9): 9 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Speed controlled pump
Flow is constant
Selected pump: LPD 125-125/125
Motor size: 2 x 5.5 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
The pump is set at uncontrolled operation mode
and adjusted to the right flow. The total head
is lower because there is no adjustment valve in
the system. At the same time it is possible to
communicate with the pump. An external controller
is necessary for alternation between the two
heads.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 5.3 15,529
Total 2,930 Total 15,529
5nvNc:
The energy saving compared to an installation with
an adjustment valve:
(17,873-15,529) = 2,344 kWh = 13%
On top of that there is a saving in buying an
adjustment valve.
T
9 m
100 m
3
/h Flow
Flow adjusted with a valve
Head
Max. curve
Reduced speed
3

.

3
7
M
3. Air-conditioning
Cootre 8nttrev rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 174 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 8C
Return temperature (t
R
): 13C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((174 x 0.86)/5) 30 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/surface + adjusting valve )(5+1.5): 6.5 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
One head in operation One head in stand-by
Flow is constant
Selected pump: TPD 65-120
Motor size: 2 x 1.1 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 30 m
3
/h, the head is 7 m.
The pressure lost over the adjustment valve has to
be (7-6.5) = 0.5 m more than full open valve.
An external controller is necessary for alternation
between the two heads.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 1.1 3,223
Total 2,930 Total 3,223
M
7.0 m
6.5 m
30 m
3
/h Flow
Flow adjusted with a valve
Head
Adjustment
valve
3

.

3
8
3. Air-conditioning
Cootre 8nttrev rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 174 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 8C
Return temperature (t
R
): 13C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((174 x 0.86)/5) 30 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/surface)(5): 5.0 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Speed controlled pump
One head in operation One head in stand-by
Flow is constant
Selected pump: TPED 65-120
Motor size: 2 x 1.1 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
The pump is set at uncontrolled operation mode
and adjusted to the right flow. The total head is
lower because there is no adjustment valve in the
system.
At the same time it is possible to communicate with
the pump. An external controller is necessary for
alternation between the two heads.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 0.8 2,344
Total 2,930 Total 2,344
5nvNc:
The energy saving compared to an installation with
an adjustment valve: (3,223-2,344) = 879 kWh =
27%
On top of that there is a saving in buying an
adjustment valve.
M
5 m
30 m
3
/h Flow
Flow adjusted with a pump
Head
Max. curve
Reduced speed
3

.

3
9
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro 8rnmJftooe rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 87 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 15C
Return temperature (t
R
): 18C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((87 x 0.86)/3) 25 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/3-way valve + adj. valve )(14+1.5): 15.5 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
Flow is constant and adjusted by 3-way valves
Selected pump: LP 65-125/117
Motor size: 2.2 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 25 m
3
/h, the head is 16.5 m.
The pressure lost over the adjustment valve has to
be (16.5-15.5) = 1 m more than full open valve.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 2.2 6,446
Total 2,930 Total 6,446
15C
6C
18C
M
T
M
T
M
T M
T
16.5 m
15.5 m
25 m
3
/h Flow
Head
Adjustment
valve
3

.

4
0
100% 75% 30% 50%
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro 8rnmJftooe rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 87 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 15C
Return temperature (t
R
): 18C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((87 x 0.86)/3) 25 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/3-way valve + adj. valve )(14+1.5): 15.5 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
Flow is constant and adjusted by 3-way valves
Selected pump: LP 65-125/117
Motor size: 2.2 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 25 m
3
/h, the head is 16.5 m.
The pressure lost over the adjustment valve has to
be (16.5-15.5) = 1 m more than full open valve.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 2.2 317
75 288 1.9 547
50 1,056 1.7 1,795
30 1,442 1.4 2,019
Total 2,930 Total 4,678
15C
6C
18C
M
T
M
T
M
T
M
T
16.5 m
15.5 m
25 m
3
/h
Flow
Head
Adjustment
valve
3

.

4
1
100% 75% 30% 50%
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro 8rnmJftooe rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 87 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 15C
Return temperature (t
R
): 18C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((87 x 0.86)/3) 25 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/2-way valve)(14): 14 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Speed controlled pump
Flow is variable and adjusted by 2-way valve.
Selected pump: TPE 65-180 Series 2000
Motor size: 2.2 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
The pump is set at proportional pressure control
mode. No added sensor or external controller are
necessary (controllers are integrated to pumps up
to 7.5 kw). There is no need for motor protection,
and an alarm output can be obtained from the
pump.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 1.9 274
75 288 1.4 403
50 1,056 0.95 1,003
30 1,442 0.73 1,053
Total 2,930 Total 2,733
15C
6C
18C
M
T
M
T
M
T
M
T
14 m
25 m
3
/h
Flow
Max. curve
3

.

4
2
3. Air-conditioning
Cuttro 8rnmJftooe comrnesoN
5nvNcs:
System 1:
Constant speed pump and 3-way valves.
System 2:
Constant speed pump and 2-way valves.
System 3:
Speed controlled pump and 2-way valves.

Energy saving of system 3 compared to system 1:
(6,446-2,733) = 3,713 kWh = 58%

Components saving: Adjustment valve + two-way
valves in stead of expensive three-way valves.
Energy saving of system 3 compared to system 2:
(4,678-2,733) = 1,945 kWh = 42%
Components saving: Adjustment valve + pressure
relief valve (to maintain a constant pressure and
also avoid noise in valves and negative influences
system balancing).
Depending on the energy price, there is a very
short pay-back time on the extra cost of installing a
speed-controlled pump system.
How to select
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 2,930 2.2 6,446
Total Total
2,930 6,446
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 144 2.2 317
75 288 1.9 547
50 1,056 1.7 1,795
30 1,442 1.4 2,019
Total Total
2,930 4,678
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 144 1.9 274
75 288 1.4 403
50 1,056 0.95 1,003
30 1,442 0.73 1,053
Total Total
2,930 2,733
System 1:
System 2:
System 3:
3

.

4
3
3. Air-conditioning
fnN cots rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 465 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 10C
Return temperature (t
R
): 15C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((580 x 0.86)/5) 80 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/3-way valve + adj. valve )(18+2): 20 m
5rtrctoN:
1 Constant speed pump
1 in operation 1 in stand-by
Flow is constant and adjusted by 3-way valves
Selected pump: 2xLP 100-125/137
Motor size: 2x7,5 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 80 m
3
/h, the head is 21.8 m.
The pressure lost over the adjustment valve has
to be (21.8-20) = 1.8 m more than full open valve.

An external controller is necessary for alternation
between the two pumps.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 2,930 6.6 19,338
Total 2,930 Total 19,338
6C
10C
T
M
M
T
M
T
21.8 m
20 m
80 m
3
/h
Flow
Head
15C
Adjustment
valve
3

.

4
4
100% 75% 30% 50%
3. Air-conditioning
fnN cots rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 465 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 10C
Return temperature (t
R
): 15C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((580 x 0.86)/5) 80 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/2 way valve + adj. valve )(18+2): 20 m
5rtrctoN:
2 Constant speed pumps
1 in operation - 1 in stand-by
Flow is variable and adjusted by 2-way valves
Selected pump: 2xLP 100-125/137
Motor size: 2x7,5 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
Based on a flow of 80 m
3
/h, the head is 21.8 m.
The pressure lost over the adjustment valve has
to be (21.8-20) = 1.8 m more than full open valve.
An external controller is necessary for alternation
between the two pumps.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 6.6 950
75 288 5.8 1,670
50 1,056 5.1 5,386
30 1,442 4.9 7,066
Total 2,930 Total 15,072
6C
10C
T
M
M
T
M
T
21.8 m
20 m
80 m
3
/h
Flow
Head
15C
Adjustment
valve
3

.

4
5
100% 75% 30% 50%
3. Air-conditioning
fnN cots rxnmrtr
How to select
5vstrm Dntn:
Cooling demand: 465 kW
Flow temperature main system(t
F
): 6C
Return temperature (t
FS
): 10C
Return temperature (t
R
): 15C
Liquid: Water
Flow ((580 x 0.86)/5) 80 m
3
/h
p at max. flow:
(pipes/2- way valve)(18): 18 m
5rtrctoN:
2 Speed controlled pumps
1 pump in operation 1 pump in stand-by
Flow is variable and adjusted by 2-way valves.
Selected pump: 2 x TPE 100-240 Series 2000
Motor size: 2 x 7.5 kW
Operating hours per year: 2,930
The pumps are connected to a controller (PMU) for
alternation mode. No added sensor is necessary
There is no need for motor protection, and an alarm
output can be obtained from the system (PMU).
The pressure loss compensation (proportional
pressure) is set at 70% in the PMU.
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [W] [kWh]
100 144 6.1 878
75 288 4.0 1,152
50 1,056 2.5 2,640
30 1,442 1.5 2,153
Total 2,930 Total 6,823
6C
10C
T
M
M
T
M
T
20 m
18 m
80 m
3
/h
Flow
15C
Max. curve
6 m
3

.

4
6
3. Air-conditioning
fnN cots comrnesoN
How to select
5nvNcs:
System 1:
Constant speed pump and 3-way valves.
System 2:
Constant speed pump and 2-way valves.
System 3:
Speed controlled pump and 2-way valves.

Energy saving of system 3 compared to system 1:
(19,338-6,823) = 12,515 kWh = 65%

Components saving: Adjustment valve + two-way
valves in stead of expensive three-way valves.
Energy saving of system 3 compared to system 2:
(15,072-6,823) = 8,249 kWh = 55%

Components saving: Adjustment valve + pressure
relief valve (to maintain a constant pressure and
also avoid noise in valves and negative influences
system balancing).
Depending on the energy price, there is a very
short pay-back time on the extra cost of installing a
speed-controlled pump system.
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 2,930 6.6 19,338
Total Total
2,930 19,338
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 144 6.6 950
75 288 5.8 1,670
50 1,056 5.1 5,386
30 1,442 4.9 7,066
Total Total
2,930 15,072
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 144 6.1 878
75 288 4.0 1,152
50 1,056 2.5 2,640
30 1,442 1.5 2,153
Total Total
2,930 6,823
System 1:
System 2:
System 3:
3

.

4
7
4. Pressure Boosting Pressure Boosting
Overview
Application/products
Product Range
Featrues/Benefits
Hydro 1000
Hydro 2000
Hydro 2000 Solo E
System description
Function
Dimensioning
Tank Dimensioning
Installation
How to select
Pressure Boosting System
2

.

1
4. Pressure Boosting
ArrtcntoNJreooucts
Overview
Hydro 1000 O O O
Hydro 2000 X X X X
Hydro 2000 Solo E O O O
CR X
P
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

B
o
o
s
t
i
n
g


s
y
s
t
e
m

w
i
t
h

b
r
e
a
k

t
a
n
k
P
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

B
o
o
s
t
i
n
g


s
y
s
t
e
m

w
i
t
h

d
i
r
e
c
t


c
o
n
n
e
c
t
i
o
n

t
o

w
a
t
e
r

m
a
i
n
s
P
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

B
o
o
s
t
i
n
g


s
y
s
t
e
m

w
i
t
h

r
o
o
f

t
a
n
k
W
a
t
e
r

t
r
a
n
s
p
o
r
t
t
o

r
o
o
f

t
a
n
k
Z
o
n
e

d
i
v
i
d
e
d

w
a
t
e
r

s
u
p
p
l
y
First choice = X Second choice = O
System Type
Product Type
Direct Boosting
To building
Water
mains
Booster system
Break tank system
Water
mains
Water
mains
To building
Booster
Water transport
to roof tank
Pressure boosting
from roof tank
Water
mains
Zone 3
Zone 2
Zone 1
2

.

1
4. Pressure Boosting
ArrtcntoNJreooucts
Overview
Hydro 1000 X X
Hydro 2000 X X X X X
Hydro 2000 Solo E X X X X X X
CR
E
x
t
e
r
n
a
l

A
l
a
r
m


v
i
a

r
e
l
a
y
E
x
t
.

S
t
a
r
t

/

S
t
o
p


v
i
a

c
o
n
t
a
c
t
R
e
m
o
t
e

s
e
t

p
o
i
n
t


a
n
a
l
o
g

s
i
g
n
a
l

L
O
N

b
u
s


v
i
a

G
1
0
L
O
N

b
u
s


v
i
a

G
1
0
0
G
E
N
I
b
u
s


d
i
r
e
c
t
Communication
Product Type
PC User level
(BMS supply)
Sub-station level
(BMS supply)
Component level
(Grundfos)
G100
G100
G10
Hydro 2000 Solo E
Hydro 2000
Hydro 1000
p
p
2

.

2
4. Pressure Boosting
Peoouct enNcr
Overview
Pressure Booster Product Range
Survey curve 50 Hz program
H[m]
Q[m
3
/h]
Hydro 2000
Solo-E
Hydro 1000
Hydro 2000
2

.

3
4. Pressure Boosting
frntuers J 8rNrrts
Overview
Features
5rtrctoN
Wide product range
Wide performance range
INstnttntoN
One complete compact unit
Boosters are tested and
pre-adjusted from factory
All internal connections between
pumps, sensor etc. are done
Build-in motor protection
DrrentoN
Variable speed
High quality material
High efficiency
Benefits
5rtrctoN
Only one supplier, covers all systems
Same booster type for all systems
INstnttntoN
Easy installation, only mains supply
and pipes have to be connected
Easy and safe commissioning
Safe installation
Low installation cost
DrrentoN
High comfort, energy saving
Long lifetime
Low Cost of Ownership
2

.

4
4. Pressure Boosting
Hvoeo 1000
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature 0 to +50C
Max. pressure PN 10 (10 bar)
Boost Pressure 10 100 m
Flow range 2 320 m
3
/h
Power range 0.55 to 18.5 kW
Number of pumps 2 to 4 CR pumps
Materials :
- Pump Cast iron,
Stainless Steel
- Manifolds Galvanized iron
- Base plate, etc. Stainless Steel
CommuNcntoN
None
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy installation
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Wide application range
MnN Customre 8rNrrts

Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
More pumps, supply security
Long lifetime
Overview
Hydro 1000
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

5
4. Pressure Boosting
Hvoeo 2000
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature 0 to +70C
Max. pressure PN 16 (16 bar)
Boost Pressure 10 160 m
Flow range 2 720 m
3
/h
Power range 0.55 to 30 kW
Number of pumps 2 to 6 CR(E) pumps
Materials :
- Pump Cast iron,
Stainless Steel
- Manifolds Stainless Steel
- Base plate, etc. Stainless Steel
CommuNcntoN
Alarm and operating relay
Start / Stop input
Anlog input for set point
GENIbus
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy installation
Constant pressure
Speed controlled pumps
No need for motor protection
Wide product range
Wide application range
MnN Customre 8rNrrts

Installer:
Easy installation and commissioning
Only one supplier
End user:
More pumps, supply security
Constant supply pressure
Long lifetime
Hydro 2000
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

6
4. Pressure Boosting
Hvoeo 2000 5oto
Overview
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Temperature 0 to +70C
Max. pressure PN 16 (16 bar)
Boost Pressure 10 130 m
Flow range 2 20 m
3
/h
Power range 0.55 to 5.5 kW
Number of pumps One CRE pump
Materials :
- Pump Cast iron,
Stainless Steel
- Discharge pipe Stainless Steel
- Base plate, etc. Stainless Steel
CommuNcntoN
Signalling relay
Start / Stop input
Anlog input for set point
GENIbus
R100, IR remote controller
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Easy installation
Constant pressure
Speed controlled pump
No need for motor protection
Compact solution
Wide application range
MnN Customre 8rNrrts

Installer:
Easy installation and commissioning
Only one supplier
End user:
Constant supply pressure
Long lifetime
Hydro 2000 Solo E
Q[m
3
/h]
H[m]
2

.

7
4. Pressure Boosting
DmrNsoNNc
fuNctoN
The water supply to a building have to be reliable
and comfortable. To fulfil this requirement a pres-
sure boosting system is very recommendable. A
complete pressure boosting system will automati-
cally compensate for the variations in the pre pres-
sure from the water mains and the variations in
consumption and by varying performance ensure
that the supply pressure to the building is constant.
We recommend the speed controlled Hydro 2000
ME pressure boosting systems, which can give a
constant pressure to the building and at the same
time ensures optimum operation costs and supply
security.
If system cost is very important, the lower cost
systems Hydro 1000 can be selected.
If standby pump capacity is not required, the Hydro
2000 Solo E solution can be recommended.
DmrNsoNNc
Max. flow
demand System type
m
3
/h
2 720 Hydro 2000
2 10
Standby pump Hydro 2000 Solo E
not required
2 320
Variations in Hydro 1000
pressure can + pressure tank
be accepted
Application description
Hydro 2000
Water
mains
To the
building
p
Hydro 2000 Solo E
Water
mains
To the
building p
No standby pump!
Hydro 1000
Water
mains
To the
building
Pressure variations!
Tank required!
2

.

8
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
0 6 12 18 24
4. Pressure Boosting
DmrNsoNNc
DmrNsoNNc
Use the Consumption Profile as the basis for select-
ing the optimum system. The number of pumps
and the size of these shall fit to profile. Use the
Grundfos pump selection tool WinCAPS for selec-
tion of the right system.
1nNk omrNsoNNc
Hydro 1000 and Hydro 2000 MS systems are operat-
ing as on/off systems without any speed control.
Therefore these systems always requires a pressure
tank on the discharge side of the booster.
For other systems like Hydro 2000 ME and Hydro
2000 MF a pressure tank is recommended if the
flow can go down to, or close to zero. In these cases
a small diaphragm tank will give the system a must
better performance.
The dimensioning of the tank can be seen from the
table. The tank volume is in litre and is depending
of the size of the pumps going into the booster. If
the booster as an example is a Hydro 2000 ME
3xCRE8-60, the nominal flow of one of the pumps
are 8 m
3
/h resulting in a 24 litre tank.
Hydro 2000 ME Solo E are delivered with a tank
as standard.
INstnttntoN
Grundfos pressure boosting systems are easy to
install. Connect the unit to mains supply and the
piping, prime the system and we are ready to go.
It is recommendable to install a water shortage
detection on the suction side the booster. By direct
boosting systems a pressure switch can be used
in case of a break tank system, a level switch in the
tank will be the best solution.
Application description
Flow Q Tank volume (litre)
m
3
/h Hydre 1000 ME or
Hydre 2000 MS MF
2 33 8
4 50 18

8 120 24

16 385 120

32 770 180
45 1084 280
64 1541 343

90 2167 483
Consumption profile
Time
F
l
o
w

m
3
/
h
2

.

9
4. Pressure Boosting
Consu- Unit Q
year
Consump. Q
day
f
d
Q(m)
day
f
t
Max.
mer m
3
period m
3
/day m
3
/day Flow
per d m
3
/h
year days/year

Residence Residence 183 365 0.5 1.3 0.65 1.7 0.046
buildings (2.5 pers.)
Office Employee 25 250 0.1 1.2 0.12 3.6 0.018
building
Shopping Employee 25 300 0.08 1.2 0.1 4.3 0.018
centre
Super Employee 80 300 0.27 1.5 0.4 3.0 0.05
market
Hotel Bed 180 365 0.5 1,5 0.75 4.0 0.125
Hospital Bed 300 365 0.8 1.2 1.0 3.0 0.12
School Pupil 8 200 0.04 1.3 0.065 2.5 0.007
Perssuer soostNc svstrm
How to select
Quick guide for selecting
pressure boosting system
Step 1: Define the maximum flow requirement
ex. 27 m
3
/h
Step 2: Define the consumption profile
Step 3: Define the system layout
ex. direct boosting from mains,
system split in zones
Step 4: Define the required pressure
ex. 10.5 bar
Step 5: Find the exact pressure boosting system
ex. Hydro 2000 2xCRE8-100
Step 6: Consider accessories
ex. Diaphragm tank
5trr 1: DrrNr tur mnxmum rtow
erouermrNt
The required total consumption and
maximum flow requirement depends
on the application in question.
There is a big difference in the require-
ment from e.g. a pressure boosting
system in a block of flats compared to
a system in a hotel. The table below
gives some dimensioning values.
According DS439, DS442
2

.

1
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
0 6 12 18 24
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
0 6 12 18 24
4. Pressure Boosting
Perssuer soostNc svstrm
5trr 1: DrrNr tur mnxmum rtow erouermrNt,
coNtNuro
Example: Hotel with 540 beds.
Number of beds: n
Total annual consumption: Q
year
x n
Consumption period: d
Average consumption per day: (Q
year
x n)/d
Year maximum consumption: Q(m)
day
= fd x Q
day

Absolut peak flow: Q(max) = ft x Q(m)
day
/24
5trr 2: DrrNr tur coNsumrtoN reortr
The consumption profile is the information about
the change in flow during one day or season. In a
hotel the water demand will fluctuate a lot during
the day.
In the morning, where most of the guest are taking
a shower and all the service facilities, such as clean-
ing, cocking and washing starts up, we will have the
highest demand for water supply during the day.
Also about dinner time we will see a peak in the
demand. A typical consumption file for the hotel
example above, looks like this:
The consumption profile is imported information
in the selection process as the profile has a high
influence of the choice of booster system type and
the number of pumps which the system consists
of. See step 5.
Based on the consumption profile a Load Profile can
be made. From this we can see how many hours per
day a certain flow is required.
How to select
Calculation:
n = 540 beds
Q
year
x n = 180 x 540 = 97200 m
3
/year
d = 365 days/year =>
(Q
year
x n)/d = 97200 / 365 = 266.3 m
3
/day
fd x Q
day
= 1.5 x 266.3 = 399.4 m
3
/day
ft x Q(m)
day
/24 = 1.5 x 399.4/24 = 66.6 m
3
/h
Consumption profile
Time
F
l
o
w

m
3
/
h
Load Profile
Hours per day
F
l
o
w

m
3
/
h
2

.

1
1
4. Pressure Boosting
Perssuer soostNc svstrm
5trr 3: DrrNr tur svstrm tnvout
The system layout have to be considered before the
booster system can be selected.
Direct boosting or break tank
The connection to the water supply mains can
either be directly or via a break tank. If direct con-
nection is allow this will be recommendable.
The pressure requirement to a pressure boosting
system with direct connection will be be less than
systems with break tank, as the system then can use
the water supply mains pressure as a pre-pressure.
Depending of area the water supply mains pressure
typically will be in the range 1.5 4.0 bar.
Break tanks are often required in areas where:
the piping in the mains are week and cant
stand pressure surges caused by pumps star-
ting and stopping.
local requirements
where sucking from the water mains isnt
allowed
Roof tank systems
In some areas roof tank systems are required. The
reason is to ensure water supply for a certain period
also if the elctrical power supply disappears.
The transfer pump can pump from a break tank or
direct from supply mains.
Water supply (pressure) to the building is obtained
by a Booster System, boosting down to the 3-4
upper floors. The rest of the building is supplied
by gravity.
How to select
Direct Boosting
Break tank system
Water
mains
Water
mains
To building
To building
Booster system
Booster
Water
mains
Roof tank
Transfer pump
2

.

1
2
Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3
4. Pressure Boosting
Perssuer soostNc svstrm
5trr 3: DrrNr tur svstrm tnvout, coNtNuro
Zones
In high rise buildings is it necessary to split the
water supply system up in zones to ensure:
that the pressure from one floor to an other
doesnt vary too much.
Min. pressure upper floor in each zone should
not be lower than 1.5-2 bar
Max. pressure in lowest floor in each zone
should not be higher than 4-4.5 bar
System layout can be with :
1. All booster systems in basement.
Boosting up in the building (see figure).
2. Cascade booster system layout.
One booster in the basement supplies all the
water up to zone 1, where a second booster
will boost up to zone 2, etc.
3. In combination with roof tank.
A booster on the roof top are boosting
down to the 3-4 upper floors. The rest of
the building is supplied by gravity.
How to select
Zone 3
Zone 2
Zone 1
Zone 1 Zone 3 Zone 2
2

.

1
3
4. Pressure Boosting
Perssuer soostNc svstrm
5trr 4: DrrNr tur erouero rerssuer
The required pressure
p
set
from the pressure boost-
ing system can be calculated from the following
formulas :
p
set
=
p
tap(min)
+
p
f
+ h
max
/10.2 ;
p
boost
=
p
set

p
in(min)
p
set
: the required outlet pressure from
the booster
p
tap(min)
: the required min pressure at the
highest tapping point in the zone
p
f
: the total pipe friction loos in the
piping from booster to zone
h
max
: the height from the booster outlet
to the highest tapping point
p
in(min)
: the minimum inlet pressure to the
booster
p
boost
: the required boost from the pressure
boosting system
Example :
p
tap(min)
= 2 bar
p
f
= 1.2 bar
h
max
= 41.5 m
p
in(min)
= 2 bar
p
set
= 2 + 1.2 + 41.5/10.2 = 7.3 bar
p
boost
= 7.3 2 = 5.3 bar
If the water supply system consists of more zones
the calculation have to be done for each zone.
How to select
p
tap (min)
h
max
p
f
p
in (min)
p
boost
p
set
2

.

1
4
4. Pressure Boosting
Perssuer soostNc svstrm
5trr 5: fNo tur rxnct rerssuer soostNc svstrm
Why choose a pressure boosting system?
There are three main reasons why a customer
should choose a booster system instead of just a
single pump in his installation:
1. One pump is not sufficient to cover the flow
demand.
2. Reserve pump capacity is required.
3. Better adaptability to variations in
consumption.
Which type of booster system is preferable?
Grundfos offers five different main variants within
the Hydro 2000 product family. The different sys-
tems and there main features can be seen from the
below table.
For most applications we will recommend the speed
controlled solution based on the Grundfos CRE-
pumps.
How to select
ME system
All pumps are CRE-pumps
Constant pressure.
Speed control available also if one
pump fails.
MEH Z system
Two pumps are CRE-pumps.
Remaining pumps are fixed
speed CR-pumps.
Constant pressure.
If one CRE-pump fails the pressure
control is limited.
MES system
One CRE-pump. Remaining pumps are
fixed speed CR-pumps.
Constant pressure.
If the CRE-pump fails, the
pressure control will be like a
MS system.
MF system
All pumps are CR-pumps. One of these
are speed controlled by a
frequency converter.
Constant pressure.
If the frequency converter fails, the
pressure control will be like a MS
system
MS system
All pumps fixed speed CR-pumps.
Pressure constant within a band.
Requires a large diaphragm tank.
2

.

1
5
4. Pressure Boosting
Perssuer soostNc svstrm
How to select
5trr 5: fNo tur rxnct rerssuer soostNc svstrm,
coNtNuro
Using WinCAPS for selecting the right pressure
boosting system.
The pump selection tool WinCAPS will be the per-
fect tool for finding the best solution to a booster
application.
Give in the dimensioning values :
Maximum flow required
Required pressure
Inlet pressure
Load profile
and ask for dimensioning and WinCAPS will select
a number of systems, sorted according to annual
energy consumption.
Example:
Values described on the pervious pages are used as
an dimensioning example.
2

.

1
6
5. Wastewater
Overview
Systems/products
Product description
System description
Drainage
Surface rain water
Drainage water
Emptying of tanks & pools
water from fire fighting
Effluent/sewage from
basement
Transfer of sewage
How to select
Transfer of sewage
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
5vstrmsJreooucts
Overview
KP X X X X X
AP X X X X X X
Sololift X X
Liftaway X X
Multilift station X X X X X X
SEG (Grinder pump) X
S pump (SuperVortex impeller) X X X X X X
S pump (channel impeller) X X X X
S
u
r
f
a
c
e

R
a
i
n

W
a
t
e
r
D
r
a
i
n
a
g
e

W
a
t
e
r


E
m
e
r
g
e
n
c
y

u
s
e
E
m
p
t
y
i
n
g

o
f

T
a
n
k
s

&

P
o
o
l
s
W
a
t
e
r

f
r
o
m

f
i
r
e
F
i
g
h
t
i
n
g
L
a
u
n
d
r
y

E
f
f
l
u
e
n
t
/
S
e
w
a
g
e
f
r
o
m

B
a
s
e
m
e
n
t
T
r
a
n
s
f
e
r

o
f

S
e
w
a
g
e
System Type
Product Type
Wastewater
from rooms and
facilities
Surface rain water
Drainage water
Drainage
Lift shaft
Emptying of
tanks & pools
Water from
fire fighting
Drainage
of boiler room
Water from
laundry
Effluent/sewage
from basement
Drainage/effluent inlet
Sewage inlet
Inlet from toilet
in
restaurant/lobby
Transfer of sewage
Sewage outlet
5. Wastewater
5

.

2
Peooucts J CoNteots
Overview
LC/LCD107
LC/LCD108
Complete control panel
with level bells, for max 2
pumps
Complete control panel
with level switches, for
max 2 pumps
KP/AP
SEG
Grundfos S pumps
KP/AP
SEG
Grundfos S pumps
11 kW DOL
11 kW DOL
30 kW Y/D
Functionality Used in Max. kW
connection pump size
with
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
Peoouct enNcr
Overview
Wastewater Product Range
Survey curve 50 Hz
Grundfos S Pump,
channel impeller
AP
KP
Lifting Stations/
Sololift
SEG
Grinder
Grundfos S Pump
SuperVortex
impeller
H[m]
Q[m/h]
5. Wastewater
5

.

4
frntuers J 8rNrrts
Overview
Features
5rtrctoN
Wide product range
Wide system range
Support tools
INstnttntoN
Compact design
Flexible installation
DrrentoN
Intelligent design
Low noise level
High quality materials
High efficiency
Benefits
5rtrctoN
Only one supplyer
Easy selection
Safe selection
INstnttntoN
Easy to install
Meets all you requirements
DrrentoN
Easy to service
High comfort
Non clogging
Long working life
Energy saving
Low operation cost saves money
0
2
4
6
8
0 1 2 3 4
5. Wastewater
5

.

5
CeuNoros kP 5rers 150-250-350
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Drainage of cellars and buildings after flooding
Pumping of washing maschines wastewater
Pumping in drainage pits
Emptying of pools, ponds and fountains
Emptying of tanks and wessels
Dewatering of small construction sites
In dairies and breweries
In the proces industry
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: +50C / 70C
Max Flow/Max Head: 4 l/s / 9 m
Power supply: 1x 220-240/3x380-415 V
Power range: 0.15 kW to 0.35 kW
Speed: 2900 rpm
Disch. dimension: Rp 1 1
Weight 5.5 7.5 kg
Materiel: Stainless steel
Free pass: 10 mm
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Compact design
Easy dismantling for service & cleaning
Very low noise level
High quality material
High efficiency
Partly submerged operation
Flexible installation
Socket for replaceable cable
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Reliable pumping
Easy maintenance
Long lifetime
High comfort
Q[l/s]
H
[m]
0
4
8
12
16
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
5. Wastewater
5

.

6
CeuNoros AP12 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Groundwater lowering
Pumping in drainage pits
Pumping away from collecting wells,
e.g. water from roof gutters, shafts and tunnels
Emptying of tanks, ponds, pools and vessels
Pumping of rainwater and surface water
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: +55C / 70C
Flow/Head: Max 10 l/s / Max 16 m
Power range (kW): 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.1 kW
Power supply: 1x 230/3x230/400 V
Number of poles: 2 pole motor
Disch. dimension: Rp 11 - 2
Weight 9.7 - 18.2 kg
Materiel: Stainless steel
Frees pass: 12 mm
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Compact design
Easy dismantling for service & cleaning
Very low noise level
Made exclusively from stainless steel
High efficiency
Flexible installation
Socket for replaceable cable
Partly submerged operation
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Reliable pumping
Easy maintenance
Long lifetime
High comfort
Q[m/h]
H
[m]
0
4
8
12
0 5 10 15 20 25
5. Wastewater
5

.

7
CeuNoros AP35 5rers (5tnNtrss strrt)
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Groundwater lowering
Pumping in drainage pits
Pumping away from collecting wells, e.g. water
from roof gutters, shafts and tunnels
Emptying of tanks, ponds, pools and vessels
Pumping of fibre-containing effluent
Pumping of domestic effluent from septic tanks
Pumping of domestic effluent without discharge
from water closets
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: +55C / 70C
Flow / Head: Max. 6 l/s / Max. 11 m
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 230/400 V
Power range: 0.6 kW to 0.8 kW
Number of poles: 2 poles
Disch. dimension: 11 Rp
Weight 11 14.7 kg
Materiel: Stainless steel
Free pass: 35 mm
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Compact design
Easy dismantling for service & cleaning
Very low noise level
Made exclusively from stainless steel
High efficiency
Flexible installation
Socket for replaceable cable
Partly submerged operation
Vortex impeller
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Reliable pumping
Easy maintenance
Long lifetime
High comfort
Minimized wearing & clogging
Q[m/h]
H
[m]
0
4
8
12
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
5. Wastewater
5

.

8
CeuNoros AP50 5rers (5tnNtrss strrt)
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Groundwater lowering
Pumping in drainage pits
Pumping away from collecting wells, e.g. water
from roof gutters, shafts and tunnels
Emptying of tanks, ponds, pools and vessels
Pumping of fibre-containing effluent
Pumping of domestic effluent from septic tanks
Pumping of domestic effluent with or without
discharge from water closets
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 55C / 70C
Flow / Head: Max. 9.5 l/s / Max. 12 m
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 230 / 400 V
Power range: 0.8 kW to 1.1 kW
Number of poles: 2 poles
Disch. dimension: 2 Rp
Weight 14.2 17.9 kg
Materiel: Stainless steel
Free pass: 50 mm
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Compact design
Easy dismantling for service & cleaning
Very low noise level
Made exclusively from stainless steel
High efficiency
Flexible installation
Socket for replaceable cable
Partly submerged operation
Vortex impeller
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Reliable pumping
Easy maintenance
Long lifetime
High comfort
Minimized wearing & clogging
Q[m/h]
H
[m]
5. Wastewater
5

.

9
CeuNoros AP358 - 1ur 8A5IC 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Groundwater lowering
Pumping in drainage pits
Pumping away from collecting wells, e.g. water
from roof gutters, shafts and tunnels
Emptying of tanks, ponds, pools and vessels
Pumping of fibre-containing effluent
Pumping of domestic effluent from septic tanks
Pumping of domestic effluent without discharge
from water closets
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 40C
Flow / Head: Max. 5.8 l/s / Max. 12.5 m
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 230 / 400 V
Power range: 0.6 kW to 0.8 kW
Number of poles: 2 poles
Disch. dimension: 2 Rp
Weight 7.4 10 kg
Materiel: Stainless steel
Free pass: 35 mm
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Compact design
Easy dismantling for service & cleaning
Very low noise level
Made exclusively from stainless steel
High efficiency
Flexible installation
Vortex impeller
Optimized hydralic performance
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Reliable pumping
Easy maintenance
Long lifetime
High comfort
Minimized wearing & clogging
Q[l/s]
H
[m]
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
0
CeuNoros AP508 - 1ur 8A5IC 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Groundwater lowering
Pumping in drainage pits
Pumping away from collecting wells, e.g. water
from roof gutters, shafts and tunnels
Emptying of tanks, ponds, pools and vessels
Pumping of fibre-containing effluent
Pumping of domestic effluent from septic tanks
Pumping of domestic effluent with or without
discharge from water closets
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 40C
Flow / Head: Max. 9 l/s / Max. 18 m
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 230 / 400 V
Power range: 0.8 kW to 1.5 kW
Number of poles: 2 poles
Disch. dimension: 2 Rp
Weight 8.4 10.2 kg
Materiel: Stainless steel
Free pass: 50 mm
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Compact design
Easy dismantling for service & cleaning
Very low noise level
Made exclusively from stainless steel
High efficiency
Flexible installation
Vortex impeller
Optimized hydralic performance
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Reliable pumping
Easy maintenance
Long lifetime
High comfort
Minimized wearing & clogging
Q[l/s]
H
[m]
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
0 1 2 3 4
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
1
CeuNoros LIf1AWA 8 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Draining pit for collection of drainage and surface
water
For the collection and pumping of wastewater
from basements and laundry rooms below sewer
level
Installation in basements, sculleries, garages etc.
Suited for KP and AP12 pumps.
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 50C / 70C
Flow / Head: Max 6.3 l/s / Max. 14 m
Power supply: 1 x 220-240 / 3 x 380-415 V
Power range: 0.15 kW to 0.8 kW
Inlet dimension: 3 x DN 100
Disch. dimension: R 1 1 R 1 1
Weight 14.7 kg (without pump)
Materiel: Polyethylene
Effective volume: 40 L
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Hight-adjustable-manhole
Top cover with strainer and waterseal
Turnable for individual positioning
Complete system tested with KP/AP pumps
Separate connection for venting and cable
Built-in, rubber-coated stainless steel non-return
valve
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Flexible and easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start up
End user:
Maintenance free
Long lifetime
High comfort
Q[l/s]
H
[m]
0
2
4
6
8
0 1 2 3
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
2
CeuNoros LIf1AWA C 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Small wastewater lifting station for location on
floor or wall mounting.
Used for pumping domestic wastewater from
washing machines, dish-washers, wash-basins,
tubs, etc.
For installations in bathrooms, kitchens, hobby
rooms, etc.
Suited for KP pumps.
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 50C / 70C
Flow / Head: Max 4 l/s / Max. 9 m
Power supply: 1x 220-240 V
Power range: 0.15 kW to 0.35 kW
Inlet dimension: 3 x DN 40 + 1 x DN 40/50
Disch. dimension: 1 x DN 40
Weight 3.2 kg (without pump)
Materiel: ABS
Effective volume: 13 L
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Complete system tested with KP pumps
Built-in, rubber-coated stainless steel non-return
valve
Neat installation with hidden side inlets
Easy to clean smooth surface
Discharge port either to the left or to the right
Flexible installation by means of 4 inlet ports
Effective elimination of smells with carbon filter
Wall mounting possible
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Flexible and easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start up
End user:
Maintenance free
Long lifetime
High comfort
Q[l/s]
H
[m]
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
3
CeuNoros MUL1ILIf1 MJMD 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Pumping and collecting of wastewater and
sewage from private dwellings, blocks of flats,
hotels, restaurants, schools or similar types of
buildings
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 40C
Flow / Head: Max 16 l/s / Max. 19 m
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 230 / 400 V
Power range: 1.2 kW to 3.2 kW
Inlet dimension: 3 x DN 100 + 1 x DN 150
Disch. dimension: 1 x DN 80/100
Weight 36.5 kg 80 kg.
Materiel: Polyethylene
Effective volume: 60 - 100 L
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Complete units ready for installation
Gas and odour proof, corrosion-resistant collecting
tank
Shock and break-proof polyethylene tank
Aut. operation by pneumatic level control
Double shaft seal system
Vortex impeller
Corrosion resistant motor housing
Prelubricated for life ball bearings
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Flexible and easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start up
End user:
Maintenance free
Long lifetime
High comfort
Q[l/s]
H
[m]
0
4
8
12
16
20
0 10 20 30 40 50
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
4
CeuNoros MUL1ILIf1 APLD 5rers
(400L 1ANk)
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Pumping and collecting of wastewater and
sewage from blocks of flats, hotels, public
buildings, restaurants, schools or similar types
of buildings
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 40C
Flow / Head: Max 57 l/s / Max. 17.5 m
Power supply: 3 x 230 / 400 V
Power range: 2.4 kW to 6.1 kW
Inlet dimension: 3 x DN 150
Disch. dimension: 1 x DN 100
Materiel: Polyethylene
Effective volume: 190 - 450 L
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Complete units ready for installation
Gas and odour proof, corrosion-resistant collecting
tank
Shock and break-proof polyethylene tank
Aut. operation by pneumatic level control
Double mechanical shaft seal system
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start up
End user:
Maintenance free
Long lifetime
High comfort
Q[l/s]
H
[m]
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
5
CeuNoros rerrnsecntro rumrNc
stntoNs
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Grundfos produces standard and tailor made
pumping stations, designed for various
installations. The standard models deals
with percolation, pumping of ground water,
transportation of effluent and sewage.
They are used for pumping wastewater from
many different types of buildings, e.g. factories,
schools, farms, villas etc. to a wastewater
treatment plant.
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Materiel: Polyethylene, concrete,
fiberglas
Dimensions (width): 400 mm 4000 mm
Dimensions (length): PE Flex up to 6000 mm
Concrete up to 10000 mm
Fiberglas up to 10000 mm
Pump types (series): KP, AP, SEG, S
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Polyethylene: Long life time in aggresive
liquids, easy to install,
delivered as a complete unit.
Concrete: Standard product.
Fiberglas: Long life time in aggresive
liquids, easy to install,
delivered as a complete unit.
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation, designed to specific needs
Only one supplier
Easy to start up
End user:
Easy maintenance
Long lifetime
0
10
20
30
40
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
6
CeuNoros 5C 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Untreated sewage
Sludge containing water
Pressurized pumping systems
Small flow High head
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 40C
Flow / Head: Max. 5 l/s / Max. 45 m
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 400 V
Power range: 0.9 kW - 4 kW
Number of poles: 2 poles
Disch. dimension: DN 40
Weight 35 70 kg
Materiel: Cast iron
Cutter system: Stainless steel, hardened
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Compact design
Stainless steel clamp
Easy dismantling for service, cleaning & adjusting
Cartridge shaft seal system
Epoxy sealed cable plug
Flexible installation
New improved cutter system
High efficiency
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Flexible handling
Only one supplier
End user:
Easy maintenance & service
Long lifetime
High reliability
Q[m/h]
H
[m]
2
3
4
6
8
10
20
30
40
60
2 4 8 40 80 100 400 10 20 200 800
5. Wastewater
5

.

1
7
CeuNoros 5 5rers
(cunNNrt mrrttre rumrs)
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Pumping of untreated sewage from public
buildings, blocks of flats, restaurants, hotels etc.
Pumping of sludge containing water from
factories, industries and sewage treatment plants.
Pumping of wastewater from carwash areas,
car parks and garages.
Pumping of large quantities of surface and
ground water
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 40C
Flow / Head: Max 210 l/s / Max. 62m
Power supply: 3 x 400 - 415 V
Power range: 1.7 kW to 21 kW
Number of poles: 2 or 4 poles
Disch. dimension: DN 100 DN 250
Weight 110 kg 480 kg
Materiel: Cast iron
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Non clogging channel impellers for superior solids
handling
Auto cleaning impeller
SmartTrim System of impeller clearence
High efficiency
Double mechanical shaft seal system
SmartSeal system
Motor overheating system
Build in moisture sensor
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Easy maintenance & service
Life long reliability
Low life cycle cost
Q[m/h]
H
[m]
2
3
4
6
8
10
20
30
40
60
2 4 8 40 80 100 10 20 200
5. Wastewater
5

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8
CeuNoros 5V 5rers (5urreVoetrx 5rer)
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Pumping of untreated sewage from public
buildings, blocks of flats, restaurants, hotels etc.
Pumping of sludge containing water from
factories, industries and sewage treatment
plants.
Pumping of wastewater from carwash areas,
car parks and garages.
Pumping of large quantities of wastewater
containing long rags or fiber material.
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. liquid temp.: + 40C
Flow / Head: Max 45 l/s / Max. 57 m
Power supply: 3 x 400 - 415 V
Power range: 1.65 kW to 21 kW
Number of poles: 2 or 4 poles
Disch. dimension: DN 80 DN 100
Weight 60 kg 248 kg
Materiel: Cast iron
MnN Peoouct frntuers
SuperVortex impellers for superior solids handling
and abrasive liquids
Unlimited performance possibilities
Double mechanical shaft seal system
SmartSeal system
Motor overheating system
Build in moisture sensor
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
End user:
Easy maintenance & service
Life long reliability
Low life cycle cost
Q[m/h]
H
[m]
5. Wastewater
5

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9
CeuNoros LC107JLCD107 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Control of 1 or 2 pumps based on signals from
bell-shaped level pickups
Control of liquid levels, either in filling or
emptying purposes.
Wastewater/sewage installations in public
buildings, blocks and flats, factories, carparks,
hotels, etc.
Groundwater installations
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. ambient temp.: +50C
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 400 V
Power range: 0.3 kW to 11 kW
Weight 3 kg 3.6 kg
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Automatic alternation (LCD only)
Automatic test run
Selection of automatic alarm resetting
Selection of automatic restarting
Indication of liquid levels
Different alarm indications
Build in motor protection relay
User-settable stop delay of up to 180 sec.
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start up
End user:
Reliable monitoring and control.
Increased pump lifetime
High comfort
5. Wastewater
5

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2
0
CeuNoros LC108JLCD108 5rers
Overview
ArrtcntoNs
Control of 1 or 2 pumps based on signals from
level switches, electrodes or a switch in the pipes.
Control of liquid levels, either in filling or
emptying purposes.
Wastewater/sewage installations in public
buildings, blocks and flats, factories, carparks,
hotels, etc.
Groundwater installations
1rcuNcnt Dntn
Max. ambient temp.: +50C
Power supply: 1 x 230 / 3 x 400 V
Power range: 0.3 kW to 11 kW
Weight 3 kg 3.6 kg
MnN Peoouct frntuers
Automatic alternation (LCD only)
Automatic test run
Selection of automatic alarm resetting
Selection of automatic restarting
Indication of liquid levels
Different alarm indications
Build in motor protection relay
User-settable stop delay of up to 180 sec
MnN Customre 8rNrrts
Installer:
Easy installation
Only one supplier
Easy to start up
End user:
Reliable monitoring and control.
Increased pump lifetime
High comfort
30 40 50 60 70
5. Wastewater
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1
5uerncr enN wntre
System description
fuNctoN
The pumps are typically used for drainage and
pumping surface rain water from catchment areas
of the buildings. The amount of effluent collected
depends on both the vertical area of the building
as well as the roof and gravel area surrounding the
building incl. parking areas and gardens.
As portable pumps the stainless steel KP and AP
pumps are suitable for emergency use also.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m/h
0 - 14 KP (only for emergency use)
0 - 34 AP
7 - 155 S Pumps, SuperVortex impeller
30 - 800 Pumps, Channel impeller
In rain water systems the min. free passage for the
pump must not be less than 25 30 mm.
Pump failure in rain water systems will normally
cause heavy expenses for considerable cleaning
and disinfection before drying-out can take place.
Therefore we recommend 100% spare capacity in
the system.
INstnttntoN
Common to all the variants in the Grundfos pump
range is their easy-to-install design. The KP and AP
pump range is ideal for permanent installation i
pump pits and allows for a very flexible installation.
With a flow switch connected, the pump can be
used for automatic operation.
For larger quantities of surface water the range of
Grundfos S Pumps can meet virtually all systems in
and around buildings.
Increased clogging risk
Single-channel impeller
Vortex
impeller
Free passage [mm]
4 8 1 2 1 6 20
5. Wastewater
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2
DenNncr wntre
System description
fuNctoN
When installed permanently in a pump pit, the
pumps are typically used for drainage and pump-
ing effluent from cellars, air handling units, boiler
rooms, elevator shafts or other situations where
water is unwanted in and around buildings.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m/h
0 - 14 KP
0 - 34 AP
7 - 155 S Pumps, SuperVortex impeller
30 - 800 Pumps, Channel impeller
In drainage systems the min. free passage for the
pump must not be less than 5 -10 mm.
INstnttntoN
The KP and AP pump range is ideal for permanent
installation in the Liftaway B pump pits and allows
for a very fast and flexible installation. With a
flow switch connected, the pump can be used for
automatic operation.
For larger quantities of drainage water the range
of Grundfos S Pumps can meet virtually all systems
in and around buildings. The most common used
installation is submerged in a pumping station,
where the pump is lowered into position on guide
rails, and it automatically connects with the dis-
charge pipe system.
To prevent backflow, a non-return valve is normally
installed in connection with the system.
Increased clogging risk
Semi-open
multi-vane impeller
Free passage [mm]
5. Wastewater
5

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2
3
mrtvNc or tnNks s roots
Wntre reom rer rcutNc
System description
fuNctoN
For emptying of tanks, ponds and pools the light-
weight stainless steel range of KP and AP pumps is
very easy to handle and install either as a portable
pump or permanent in a pit.
In order to handle the water from the fire fighting
equipment installed in the building, you will nor-
mally find a number of smaller pump pits in under-
ground car parks and basements.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m/h
0 - 14 KP
0 - 34 AP
In the systems the min. free passage for the pump
must not be less than 10 mm.
As a portable pump the robustness of the stainless
steel guaranties a reliable operation
INstnttntoN
The vertical discharge port at the top of the KP and
AP pump allows for quick installation. The pump
range is ideal for permanent installation and allows
for vertical, horizontal or even inclined installation.
With a flow switch connected, the pump can be
used for automatic operation.
To prevent backflow, a non-return valve is normally
installed in connection with the system.
Emptying of
tanks & pools
Sewage
outlet
Drainage/effluent
inlet
5. Wastewater
5

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2
4
LnuNoev
System description
fuNctoN
Pumping fibre-containing effluent from laundries
requires the right choice of pumps in order to avoid
clogging. Therefore we recommend the use of the
Grundfos AP or the SuperVortex for larger quanti-
ties of effluent. A grinder type of pump should
also be considered to ensure a better flow in your
system.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m/h
0 - 34 AP
7 - 155 S Pumps, SuperVortex impeller
In laundry systems the selection of pumps should
reflect the higher temperature of the water.
INstnttntoN
Common to all the variants in the Grundfos pump
range is their easy-to-install design. The recom-
mended pump range is ideal for permanent instal-
lation in pump pits in connection with the laundry.
With a flow switch connected, the pump can be
used for automatic operation.
To prevent backflow, a non-return valve is normally
installed in connection with the system.
Sewage
outlet
Drainage/effluent
inlet
Water from
laundry
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
3 4 6 10 30 15 20
0 6 12 18 24
5. Wastewater
5

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2
5
rrturNtJsrwncr reom snsrmrNt
System description
fuNctoN
Multilifts are complete ready-to-install units. They
are designed for collecting and pumping sewage
and effluent from discharge levels below the sewer
line, e.g. in multi-family houses, restaurants, bars,
and in public buildings. The Multilifts lift the waste-
water so that it can be led to the sewage system.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump type
m/h
up to 4 Sololift
up to 180 Multilift
In systems handling sewage the min. free passage
for the pump must not be less than 70 mm. In case
this is not possible because of existing pipe systems,
a grinder type of pump should be considered.
The Sololift is designed to handle discharge from
only a single toilet/bathroom.
INstnttntoN
The Multilifts are supplied as complete units con-
sisting of a collection tank, pump(s) and a level con-
troller ready for installation. The Multilifts include
flexible connections and clamps for up to DN100
pipe and air-vent connections.
To prevent backflow, a non-return valve is normally
installed in connection with the system.
Typical discharge pattern (sewage)
Q
Time of day
connected flats
Tank inlet flow (l/s)
Pump capacity
Q [l/s]
40 60 80 1 00 1 20
5. Wastewater
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6
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
System description
fuNctoN
Pumping stations are designed for collecting and
pumping sewage and effluent from discharge levels
below the sewer line.
The SuperVortex is specially designed to handle
unscreened sewage and its performance is superior
in situations where small volumes of flow are
pumped against high heads.
The range of Grundfos Sarlin Pumps is used for
pumping sewage, wastewater and considerable
quantities of surface water and ground water.
DmrNsoNNc
Flow
per Pump Pump
m/h Pump type Max solid handling
up to 180 Multilifts 50 mm
7 - 155 100 mm
30 - 864 Grundfos Sarlin Pumps 100 mm
Pump failures in a sewage system may additionally
result in evacuation and rehousing of people, due
to contamination. Therefore we recommend always
to have 100% spare capacity in the system.
INstnttntoN
For larger quantities of wastewater the most com-
mon used installation is submerged in a pumping
station, where the pump is lowered into position on
guide rails, and it automatically connects with the
discharge pipe system.
If space is available, the pumps can also be installed
either vertically or horizontally, in dry rooms.
Sewage pumps in common systems are frequently
operated in parallel to enhance output.
S Pumps,
SuperVortex
Increased clogging risk
Single-channel impeller
Vortex
impeller
Free passage [mm]
Sewage
outlet
Drainage/effluent
inlet
Sewage inlet
5. Wastewater
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7
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
Duck cuor roe srtrctNc rumr tvrr
Step 1:
Define total inflow
Step 2:
Define geodetic head
Step 3:
Define discharge pipe sizes
Step 4:
Define losses in the piping system
Step 5:
Define total head and duty point of the
pump
Step 6:
Find the exact pump in the data booklet/
Selection of CD-Roms
Pump selection is always based on the duty require-
ments. The wide range of pumps available offers a
standard pump to meet most specifications.
The information provided for the various pumps
in the quick selection guide is, although accurate
enough for most project work, by necessity con-
densed, and should be used for preliminary pump
selection only. Final pump selection should be con-
firmed using individual pump data sheets available
from the manufacturer.
When the pumps is selected, it is important to
select a pump, where the duty point is as close as
possible to the max efficiency point.
Note:
Local authorities often have different regulations as
to layout and dimensioning of pump systems.
How to select
Head
[m]
System
characteristics
Flow required
Max.
duty point
Flow [m/h]
Required
head
H
Q
Pump curve
System
characteristics
curve
200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
60,000
50,000

80,000
90,000
100,000
2000 1600 1200 800 400 0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
600 1000 2000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
DN 100
DN 80
DN 65
DN 50
10
5. Wastewater
5

.

2
8
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
5trr 1: DrrNr totnt Nrtow
Calculation of the capacity of the pump system
depends very much on inflow and variations of this,
which should be carefully estimated. The pumps
should always be dimensioned according to worst
case.
Inflow typically consists of one or more of the
following types of water:
Drainage and infiltration water
Rainwater
Wastewater
CntcutntNc tur Nrtow
Rated inflow in common systems
The rated discharge (Qr) in common systems is
calculated like this:

Qr = Qs,r + Qr,r + Qd,r (l/s), where
Qd,r = the rated amount of drainage water (l/s)
Qr,r = the rated amount of rainwater (l/s)
Qs,r = the rated amount of wastewater (l/s)
kntro Nrtow N srrnentr svstrms
The rated discharge flow in separate systems is
calculated like this:
Qr = Qs,r in wastewater pipes (l/s)
Qr = Qr,r + Qd,r in rainwater pipes (l/s)
When dimensioning pipes transporting both
pumped and unpumped water, the probability of
simultaneously occurring peak water flows must be
taken into consideration.
Because of this it may be necessary to minimize the
rated discharge flow by increasing the accumula-
tion capacity in the pump sump.
How to select
+
+
Please see the following figures
Sandy soil
Clay soil
Inflow zone:
2 x 30 m
Drain
pipes
Qd,r [m/h]
m
Inflow zone:
2 x 10 m
m
Wind
Precipitation in
mountainous areas:
230 l/s/ha (rainwater only)
Precipitation in flat areas:
140 l/s/ha (rainwater only)
Dwelling
units
Beds
Hospitals and Hotels
Office buildings
Blocks of flats
Employees
Qd,r
[m/h]
Qd,r
[m/h]
200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
60,000
50,000

80,000
90,000
100,000
5. Wastewater
5

.

2
9
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
Drainage Water
How to select
Sandy soil
Clay soil
Inflow zone:
2 x 30 m
Drain
pipes
Qd,r [m/h]
m
2
Inflow zone:
2 x 10 m
2000 1600 1200 800 400 0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
0
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
How to select
Rainwater
Qd,r [m/h]
Wind
Precipitation in
mountainous areas:
230 l/s/ha (rainwater only)
Precipitation in flat areas:
140 l/s/ha (rainwater only)
m
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
600 1000 2000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
DN 100
DN 80
DN 65
DN 50
10
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
1
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
How to select
Wastewater
Qs,r [m/h]
Dwelling
units
Beds
Hospitals and Hotels
Office buildings
Blocks of flats
Employees
200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
60,000
50,000

80,000
90,000
100,000
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
2
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
1) DenNncr wntre
The rated amount of drainage water is usually small
and is often estimated. In case of porous soil in the
surroundings and drainage under the groundwater
level, the rated amount of drainage water should
be based on a hydrogeological test
Ex. There are 835 m drainage pipes in sandy soil,
which covers an area of 50,000 m. This gives a
rated drainage flow (Qd,r) of 27 m/h
2) knNwntre
The rated rainwater flow is calculated like this:
Qr,r = i x j x A, where
i = the rated rain intensity (l/s/m)
A = catchment area in m (horizontal
projection)
= discharge coefficient
The calculation of rain intensity is based on con-
sideration of the consequences of flooding. The
discharge coefficient is a measure of the rainwater
runoff from the catchment area.
The coefficient varies with the type of surface.
The catchment area is calculated as the sum of:
a) Horizontal areas
b) Horizontal projection of sloping surfaces
c) 1/3 of vertical surfaces hit by heavy showers,
i.e. normally the surface pointing towards
the prevailing wind direction.
The average discharge coefficient must normally
not exceed the one stipulated by the authorities
for the in-stallation in question. If it does, a delay
basin or some-thing similar should be established
in agreement with the authorities.
How to select
Discharge coefficients
Guidelines for calculating
discharge coefficients
Surface Discharge coefficient ()
Roofs and impermeable
surfaces, e.g. bitumen,
concrete or surfaces with
tight joints 1.0
Surfaces with joints of
gravel and grass 0.8
Gravel 0.6
Garden areas and similar places 0.1
Sandy soil
Clay soil
Inflow zone:
2 x 30 m
Drain
pipes
Qd,r [m/h]
m
Inflow zone:
2 x 10 m
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
600 1000 2000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
DN 100
DN 80
DN 65
DN 50
10
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
3
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
3) Wnstrwntre
The rated wastewater flow is based on the assumed
wastewater flows qs,a from the individual instal-
lations, taking the probability of simultaneous dis-
charge into consideration.
3.1 Assumed wastewater flow (qs,a)
The assumed wastewater flow is the inflow to the
discharge system from an installation, floor outlet
or the like during normal use.
3.2 Rated wastewater flow (Qs,r)
The rated wastewater flow is based on the size of
the discharge installation, defined as
coupling pipes which only transport discharge
from one installation or one rainwater inlet
connecting pipes where the assumed total
wastewater flow is less than 12 l/s. Connecting
pipes are pipes which transport discharge from
more than one installation and more than one
rainwater inlet
connecting pipes where the assumed waste-
water flow is >12 l/s.
How to select
Assumed wastewater flow (qs,a)
Installations qs,a
flow (l/s)
Bathtub 0.9
Bidet 0.3
Shower 0.4
Floor drain in buildings 0.9
Wash basin 0.3
Kitchen sink, single
or double 0.6
Kitchen sink, single
or double (industry) 1.2
Urinal 0.3 per stand
(max 1.8)
Urinal with flushing
valve 0.4
Washing machine
(private) 0.6
Dishwasher 0.6
Washing trough 0.4 per meter
or 0.3 per tap
point
WC with cistern or
flushing valve (69 l
per flush) 1.8
Dwelling
units
Beds
Hospitals and Hotels
Office buildings
Blocks of flats
Employees
Qd,r
[m/h]
200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
60,000
50,000

80,000
90,000
100,000
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
4
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
5vstrm Dntn:
Hotel with 360 rooms 540 beds
Location Flat area
Drain around building 180 m piping
Soil Clay
Cntcutntro Nrtow:
The rated discharge (Qr) in common systems is
calculated like this:
Qr = Qs,r + Qr,r + Qd,r (l/s), where
Qd,r = the rated amount of drainage water (l/s)
Qr,r = the rated amount of rainwater (l/s)
Qs,r = the rated amount of wastewater (l/s)
DenNncr:
Inflow zone: 180 m. x (2 x 10 m.) = 3600 m
Inflow from drainage: Qd,r = 2 m/h = 0,5 l/s
In this example the drainage water is led directly
into the main sewage pumping station, because it
is a common system.
How to select
Sandy soil
Clay soil
Inflow zone:
2 x 30 m
Drain
pipes
Qd,r [m/h]
m
Inflow zone:
2 x 10 m
65 m
25 m Hotel
Pump pit
2000 1600 1200 800 400 0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
600 1000 2000
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
DN 100
DN 80
DN 65
DN 50
10
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
5
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
knN wntre:
Calculation of area:
Hotel roof area: 60 m. x 30 m.= 1.800 m
Vertical area*: 30 m. x 60m. = 1.800 m
Parking area: 40 m. x 30 m.= 1.200 m
*) only calculate the vertical area which is in the
most common wind direction
Calculation of flow:
Hotel roof area: 1,800 x 1.00 = 1,800 m
Vertical area:1.800 x 1/3 x 1.00= 600 m
Parking area: 1,200 x 1.00= 1,200 m
Total catchment area: 3,600 m
Inflow from Rainwater:
Qr,r = 48 m/h x 3.6 = 173 m/h = 48 l/s
In this example the rainwater is led directly into
the main sewage pumping station, because it is a
common system.
5rwncr
The total amount of Wastewater from the hotel
with 540 beds can be estimated from the table
beside:
Inflow from sewage: Qs,r = 130 m/h = 36 l/s
Establishment of the max. flow from the hotel:
Qr = Qs,r + Qr,r + Qd,r (l/s),
Qr = 36 + 48 + 0,5 l/s = 84.5 l/s
How to select
65 m
25 m
Hotel
Pump pit
m
Wind
Precipitation in
mountainous areas:
230 l/s/ha (rainwater only)
Precipitation in flat areas:
140 l/s/ha (rainwater only)
Qd,r
[m/h]
Beds
Hotel
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
6
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
5trr 2: DrrNr croortc urno
The geodetic head is the vertical distance from the
average water surface in the pumping station to
the outlet of the rising main. This is given by the
consultant engineer, and is 6 m
5trr 3: DrrNr oscunecr rrr szrs
In a sewage pump system there are internal pipes
(inside the pumping station) and external pipes
(rising main in the ground)
The size of internal piping is often chosen to be the
same as the size of the pump discharge.
We have just calculated that the flow is 84.5 l/s,
and from our pump catalogue we see that a typical
pump for this flow has a DN200 mm discharge
flange.
The internal piping are vertical pipes, and for sew-
age the velocity in vertical pipes should not be
less than 1.0 m/s to avoid problems with harmful
deposits and not higher than 3 m/s to avoid unnec-
essarily high pressure losses.
The rising main is sometimes an existing pipe,
and therefore all information is available. But in
applications where a new rising main should be
established, the pump supplier must recommend
the dimension.
The recommended velocity in a rising main for
sewage should not be less than 0.8 m/s to avoid
problems with harmful deposits and not higher
than 2 m/s to avoid unnecessarily high pressure
losses.
How to select
The velocity can be calculated like this:
v = Q/A
where
v = the velocity in m/s
Q = the flow in m
3
/s
A = the internal area of the pipe in m
2
In this example this gives us a velocity of:
Q = 84.5 l/s = 0.0845 m
3
/s
A = p / 4 x 0.21512 = 0.03634
v = 0.0845 / 0.03634 = 2.33 m/s

This velocity is acceptable, and therefore we
choose the internal piping and accessories to be
DN200 mm.
The recommended internal diameter of the ris-
ing main can be calculated like this:
A = Q/v
where
A = the internal area of the pipe in m
Q = the flow in m/s
v = the wanted velocity in m/s

In this example we have the following
information:
Q = 84.5 l/s = 0.0845 m/s
A = p / 4 x D2
v = 1.2 m/s
This gives us a recommended internal
diameter of approx. 300 mm and therefore
we choose a 315 mm PVC pipe, which has an
internal diameter of 296.6 mm.
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
7
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
5trr 4: DrrNr tossrs N tur rrNc svstrm nNo totnt
urno
By use of the Sarpump selection programme.
Insert total flow: 84.5 l/s
Insert static known head: 6 m.
As this is a sewage installation we want to have
100% spare capacity.
This means 2 alternating pumps, but where 1 pump
can manage the duty point. Therefore only 1 pump
in series and 1 parallel.
We want automatic pump selection, using the input
we have.
Then choose pipe design.
Insert data for internal pipe:
DN200 welded steel
Length 5 m.
no. of internal fittings
In a standard sewage pumping station the fittings
used are as follows.
one gate valve
one non-return valve
one pump stand
one TEE
one gradual expansion
two 90 deg. bends
How to select
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
8
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
Insert data for raising main pipe:
315 mm. PVC
400 m length
no. of rising main fittings
In the rising main, there will always as a minimum
of fittings be exit losses.
Velocity and friction loss is calculated by the pro-
gramme, and we see that the friction loss of the
pipe system and individual losses give us a total
friction head of the pump system of 3.6 m.
5trr 5: DrrNr totnt urno nNo outv roNt or tur
rumr
The total head can now ce calculated as follows:
H
total
= H
friction
+ H
geodetic
H
total
= 3.6 m + 6 m = 9.6 m
This gives the following duty point for the pump:
Q = 84.5 l/s
H = 9.6 m
5trr 6: fNo tur rxnct rumr N tur ontn
sooktrtJ5rtrctoN CD-koms
Based on the hotel data the following pump is select-
ed: S1-134-BL-1
How to select
5. Wastewater
5

.

3
9
1enNsrre or srwncr rx.
How to select
PUMP 5LC1IDN AND 551M CALCULA1IDN kPDk1
Project Reference: DEFAULT
Date of printing: 21/03/2001
Required duty:
Total flow rate 84.5 l/sec
Static head 6.0 m
Total head 9.6 m
Number of duty pumps 1
Pump selection:
Pump Model S1-134-BL1
Nominal power Pn 13.5 kW
Pump speed 1452 rpm
Best pump efficiency 58.5 %
Calculated values for each pump:
Flow rate 89.3 l/sec
Friction losses:
station internal 1.5 m
rising main 2.1 m
Total head 10.0 m
Pump data at calculated duty point:
Power Absorbed Pgr 15.0 kW
Power P 12.3 kW
Pump efficiency 71.2 %
Overall efficiency 58.4 %
Station internal pipe work:
Pipe Length (each) 5.0 m
Nominal diameter 200.0 mm
Internal diameter 215.1 mm
Pipe material WELDED STEEL
Roughness factor 0.3000
4 COUPLING 0.10
1 GATE VALVE, open 0.20
1 GRADUAL EXPANSION 0.18
2 LONG ELBOW, 90 0.30
1 NON-RETURN VALVE 0.90
1 PUMP STAND 0.40
1 TEE, Branch 0.80
Friction loss, total 1.5 m
Velocity 2.3 m/s
Rising main No. 1
Pipes in parallel 1
Pipe Length (each) 400.0 m
Nominal diameter 315.0 mm
Internal diameter 296.6 mm
Pipe material UPVC
Roughness factor 0.2500
Friction loss, total 2.1 m
Velocity 1.2 m/s
6. Tool box
Theory
Basic pump theory
Mixing loops
Heating
Basic theory
Life Cycle Cost
Calculation
Example
Speed Control
Control mode
Control mode
Constant curve
Constnat diff. pressuer
Proportional pressure (calculated)
Proportional pressure (measured)
Temperature control
Constant Flow
Constant pressure
6

.

1
6. Tool box
8nss rumr turoev
D x H cuevr
The pump performance curve is shown in the
diagram, where Q (flow) is the X axis and H (head)
or p (pressure) is the Y axis.
Q = m
3
/H; l/s; m
3
/s
H = mWc;
p = kPa

rrrct cuevr
The effect curve is showing P (effect) at the Y axis
and Q at the X axis.
P = or P = x g x
= efficiency; = density;
g = acceleration due to gravity
The P curve can be P1 or P2 depending on the
pump type.
P = W; kW; HP
NP5H cuevr
NPSH (Net Positive Suction Head) is an expression
for the pressure lost in the pump, and together with
the vapour pressure, it is used to calculate the inlet
pressure needed at the pump to avoid cavitation.
The NPSH curve is showing H (head) at the Y axis
and Q at the X axis.
Theory
Q x p Q x H

H
Q
Q - H
p
H
Q
P
Q
P
H
Q
H
Q
NPSH
6

.

2
6. Tool box
8nss rumr turoev
rrcrNcv cuevr
The curve is showing the (efficiency) of the pump.
The efficiency is measured in %.
All pumps have a best point (
max.
), showing
where the pump has the highest efficiency.
The efficiency of the pump depends on the pump
size and the quality of the construction/production.
Small pumps have a lower efficiency than large
pumps.
INoucro rrrrct
P1 is the total induced effect to the pump system.
P2 is the effect coming from the motor (shaft
effect).
The difference between P1 and P2 indicates either
the efficiency of the motor (
mot.
), or the efficiency
of the motor (
mot.
) + the efficiency speed regulation
(
reg.
).
P3 is the effect induced to the pump.
P4 is the hydraulic effect (Q x H).
The difference between P3 and P4 indicates the
efficiency of the pump (
pu
).
Dutv roNt
The duty point is at the intersection between the
Q H curve and the system characteristics.
Theory
H
Q
Q

max.

reg.

mot.

pu.
P 1
P 2
P 3
P 4
H
Q
Duty point
6

.

3
6. Tool box
8nss rumr turoev
5vstrm cunenctrestcs
The system characteristics show the pressure lost
in the system as a function of the flow. The starting
point of the characteristics depends on the type of
system.
a. In a closed system (circulation of liquid) it will
always start at 0.0 (0 flow; 0 head).
b. In an open system (transport of liquid) the
starting point depends on H
geo
(geometric lift).
5vstrm cunenctrestcs
System characteristics in parallel will decrease H.
Horizontal addition.
5vstrm cunenctrestcs
System characteristics in series will increase H.
Vertical addition.
Theory
H
Q
Q
H
a
b
H
geo
H H H
C
1
C
2
C
1
+

C
2
C
2
C
1
C
2
H
H
H
C
1
C
1
C
2
C
1
+

C
2
6

.

4
6. Tool box
8nss rumr turoev
5vstrm cunenctrestcs
Common for all system characteristics is that there
is a connection between Q (flow) and H (head).
If Q is decreased to 1, H will be decreased to 1 .
Pumrs N rnenttrt
Pump in parallel will increase Q.
Horizontal addition.
For 2 identical pumps the maximum Q will double.
Maximum H will be the same.
Normally used in pump systems.
Pumrs N srers
Pumps in series will increase H.
Vertical addition.
For 2 identical pumps the maximum H will double.
Maximum Q will remain the same.
Normally used in multi-stage pumps.
Theory
H
Q
Pu
1
Pu
2
Pu
1
+Pu
2
Pu
1
Pu
2
Pu
1
Pu
2
Pu
1
Pu
2
Pu
1
+ Pu
2
H
Q Q
H
H
Q
H
Q
Q
H
H
Q
6

.

5
6. Tool box
8nss rumr turoev
DevNc rumr cuevr
The driving pump curve shows the total effect of
the positive pump curve and the negative system
characteristics (Pu C = X).
This is used to give a graphic picture of a hydraulic
connection of systems.
krvotutoN or tur rumr
By changing the revolutions of the pump (n) to a
lower or higher speed, the pump curve will also
change.
CoNNrctro roNt
Affinity equation:
Q
1
/Q
2
= n
1
/n
2
H
1
/H
2
= (n
1
/n
2
)
2
P
1
/P
2
= (n
1
/n
2
)
3
Theory
H
Q
X
curve
Pu
C
X
X
C
Pu
Q
H
n = 1.25
n = 1.0
n = 0.75
n = 0.5
n =0.25
Q
H
Q
P
H
1
H
2
P
1
P
2
Q
2
Q
1
n
2
n
1
6

.

6
0 2 3 1 4
0 2 3 1 4 5 7 8 6 9 10 11
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
4.0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
5.2
2.2 7.6
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
3
2
1
0
6. Tool box
8nss rumr turoev
Hvoenutc coNNrctoNs
Example of using the graphic method and driving
pump curves to determine the right selection of
more that one pump in a system. In this case two
pumps share the pressure lost in part of the system
(the boiler). The diagram shows the maximum head
of both pumps needed to secure the right maxi-
mum flow. The head in the radiator system has to
be adjusted to limit the flow
Pumr ontn:
Pu1 = UPS 25-60
H = 4.0 [m]
Q = 2.2 [m
3
/h]
Pu2 = UPS 40-60/2F
H = 5.2 [m]
Q = 7.6 [m
3
/h] (without adjustment)
Theory
Boiler:
= 210 [kW] t = 20C
Q = 9.1 [m
3
/h] H = 1.5 [m]
Constant temperature
Variable flow
Radiator system:
= 160 [kW] t = 20C
Q = 6.9 [m
3
/h] H = 3.5 [m]
Variable temperature
Constant flow
Pu2
Pu1
M
M C2
C3 C1
Hot water production:
= 50 [kW] t = 20C
Q = 2.2 [m
3
/h] H = 2.0 [m]
Constant temperature
Variable flow
Calculated
duty point
m
Pu1
UPS 25-60
PuX 1
C 1
m
3
/H
Calculated
duty point
Pu2
UPS 40-60/2 F
PuX 1+2 PuX 2
C 2
C 3
m
3
/H
6

.

7
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
Theory
Hydraulic separation NO YES NO YES YES YES
Temperature control NO YES NO YES YES YES
Investment LOW MEDIUM MEDIUM HIGH HIGH HIGH
Operation cost lLOW LOW LOW LOW HIGH HIGH
System 1 System 2 System 3 System 4 System 5 System 6
Load Load Load Load Load Load
Main pump
Heat
supply
M M
M M M M
Mixing loops and control valves
6

.

8
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
551M 1
Function:
Secondary side:
The load will normally be an exchanger, where the
temperature out of the exchanger is the set point.
The flow is decreasing when the valve is closing.
The valve can be placed either in the flow pipe or
in the return pipe.
Primary side:
The flow is decreasing when the valve is closing If
an uncontrolled pump is installed on the primary
side, the differential pressure in the connection
point will increase when the flow is decreasing.
Interaction with speed controlled pump:
Primary side:
The pump will reduce the speed when the valve is
closing. Normally proportional pressure control is
recommended in systems where the pressure lost
is split between the pipe system and the control
valves.
Theory
T
Load
t =
Constant
Q =
Variable
M
Connection point
Main system
Closing valve Open valve
Head
Flow
6

.

9
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
Theory
551M 2
Function:
Secondary side:
The load will normally be a heat surface or a radia-
tor system, where there is a demand for a variable
temperature. The flow in the secondary side will
normally be higher, due to a reduction in the flow
temperature.The flow can be constant or variable,
depending on the system. The valve can be placed
either in the flow pipe or in the return pipe.
Primary side:
The flow is decreasing when the valve is closing. If
an uncontrolled pump is installed on the primary
side, the differential pressure in the connection
point will increase when the flow is decreasing.
Interaction with speed-controlled pumps:
Secondary side:
Due to the higher flow in the secondary side a
speed controlled pump will have the authority in
the secondary system.
Primary side:
The pump will reduce the speed when the valve is
closing. Normally proportional pressure control is
recommended in systems where the pressure loss
is split between the pipe system and the control
valves.
T
Load
t =
Variable
Q =
Constant
M
Connection point
Main system
Closing valve Open valve
Head
Flow
Q =
Variable
6

.

1
0
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
Theory
551M 3
Function:
Secondary side:
The load will normally be an exchanger, where the
temperature out of the exchanger is the setpoint.
The flow is decreasing when the valve is closing.
The valve can be placed either in the flow pipe or
in the return pipe. The pressure lost in the bypass
has to be close to the same as the pressure lost
in the system.
Primary side:
The flow is constant, but the differential tempera-
ture will change when the valve is adjusting.
Interaction with speed-controlled pumps:
Primary side:
A pressure-controlled pump will not react when the
valve is adjusting, but it is possible to speed control
the pump due to temperature, constant return
temperature or constant differential temperature.
T
Load
t =
Constant
Q =
Variable
M
Connection point
Main system
Port A
or
Port B
Head
Flow
Q =
Constant
A
B
AB
6

.

1
1
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
Theory
551M 4
Function:
Secondary side:
The load will normally be a heat surface or a radia-
tor system, where there is a demand for a variable
temperature. Due to a reduction in the flow tem-
perature, the flow in the secondary side will nor-
mally be higher. The flow can be constant or vari-
able, depending on the system. The valve can be
placed either in the flow pipe or in the return pipe.
Primary side:
The flow is decreasing when the valve is closing. If
an uncontrolled pump is installed on the primary
side, the differential pressure in the connection
point will increase when the flow is decreasing.
Interaction with speed-controlled pumps:
Primary side:
Due to the higher flow in the secondary side, a
speed controlled pump will have the authority in
the secondary system.
Primary side:
The pump will reduce the speed when the valve,is
closing. Normally proportional pressure control is
recommended in systems where the pressure loss
is split between the pipe system and the control
valves.
T
Load t =
Variable
Q =
Variable/
Constant
M
Connection point
Main system
Closing valve
AB-B
Head
Flow
Q =
Variable
A
B
AB
Open valve
AB-B
6

.

1
2
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
Theory
551M 5
Function:
Secondary side:
The load will normally be a heat surface or a radia-
tor system where there is a demand for a variable
temperature. Due to a reduction in the flow tem-
perature, the flow in the secondary side will nor-
mally be higher than in the primary side.
The flow can be constant or variable, depending on
the system. The valve can be placed either in the
flow pipe or in the return pipe.
Primary side:
The flow is constant, but the differential tempera-
ture will change when the valve is adjusting.
Interaction with speed-controlled pumps:
Secondary side:
Due to the higher flow in the secondary side, the
speed controlled pump will have the authority in
secondary systems.
Primary side:
A pressure controlled pump will not react when the
valve is adjusting, but it is possible to speed control
the pump due to temperature, constant return
temperature or constant differential temperature.
T
Load
t =
Variable
Q =
Constant
M
Connection point
Main system
Head
Flow
Q =
Constant
A
B
AB
Port A
or
Port B
6

.

1
3
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
Theory
551M 6
Function:
Secondary side:
The load will normally be a heat surface or a radia-
tor system where there is a demand for a variable
temperature. Due to a reduction in the flow tem-
perature, the flow in the secondary side will nor-
mally be higher than in the primary side.
The flow can be constant or variable, depending on
the system. The valve can be placed either in the
flow pipe or in the return pipe.
Primary side:
The flow is constant, but the differential tempera-
ture will change when the valve is adjusting.
Interaction with speed-controlled pumps:
Secondary side:
Due to the higher flow in the secondary side, a
speed controlled pump will have the authority in
secundary systems.
Primary side:
A pressure-controlled pump will not react when the
valve is adjusting, but it is possible to speed control
the pump due to temperature, constant return
temperature or constant differential temperature.
T
Load
t =
Variable
Q =
Constant
M
Connection point
Main system
Head
Flow
Q =
Constant
A
B
AB
Port A
or
Port B
6

.

1
4
+
-
-
+
-
+
-
+
-
6. Tool box
MxNc toors
Theory
3-way valve for mixing
Load Load
3-way valve for division
Variable
temperature
Constant
flow
Variable
flow
AB
B
A
Pressure relief Constant pressure
Constant
temperature
Variable
flow
Constant
flow
AB
B
A
p
constant
p
constant
Constant pressure Constant flow
p
constant
Constant flow
M
M
3-way valves:
Pressure control valves:
6

.

1
5

6. Tool box
8nsc turoev
Hrnt toss
The heating system should compensate for the heat
loss in the building. Therefore this loss will be the
basis for all calculations in connection with the
heating system.
The following formula should be used:
U x A x (t
i
-t
u
) =
= The flow of heat (heat loss) in [W]
U = The transmission coefficient in [W/m
2
K]
A = The area in [m
2
]
t
i
= Dimensioning indoor temperature in [C]
t
u
= Dimensioning outdoor temperature in [C]
CntcutntoN or rtow
When the heat flow is known, the flow pipe
temperature t
F
and the return-pipe temperature
t
R
should be determined, in order to be able to
calculate the volume flow rate Q.
The temperatures not only determine the volume
flow rate, but also when heating surfaces should be
dimensioned (radiators, calorifiers etc.)
The following formula should be used:

x 0.86
(t
F
-t
R
)
= Heat demand in [kW]
Q = Volume flow rate in [m
3
/h]
t
F
= Dimensioning flow pipe temperature in [C]
t
R
= Dimensioning return-pipe temperature in [C]
0.86 is the conversion factor (kcal/h to kW)
Heating
= Q
t
u
t
i
Flow in %
Operating hours in %
= Variation in flow
= Calculation profile
t
t
F
t
R
6

.

1
6
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN or rerssuer toss:
To select the right pump and to have the right
balance in the system, it is necessary to calculate
the pressure lost in all parts of the system.
A heating system can be devided into 3 parts:
Heat production: Boilers, Heat exchangers, Solar
collectors, Generators, etc.
Heat distribution: Pipes, Fittings, Valves, Pumps.
Heat consumption: Radiators, Calorifiers,
Heating surfaces, Fan coils, Floor heating coils
Domestic hot water production.
After dimensioning of the system, a pressure loss
calculation should be made. The pressure loss (head)
up to the critical point, i.e. the point to which the
biggest pressure loss exists, should be the dimen-
sioning pressure loss for the pump.
If the system is big, it would be an advantage to
zone-divide it, this would make the pressure loss
calculation more clear.
When zone-dividing the system, it is important to
establish which components belong to the distri-
bution part and which belong to the individual
zone. After the calculation it is possible to draw a
system characteristic in a coordinate system, where
the pressure loss (H) is plotted on the Y-axis and the
volume flow rate (Q) on the X-axis.
Normally the piping is dimensioned from a maxi-
mum pressure loss per m pipe, where 100-150 Pa/m
is a good basis. Another possibility is that the veloc-
ity of the pipes determines the dimensioning, up to
100 mm pipe = 1m/s (approx. 28m
3
/h). An economic
pipe dimensioning should be made in cases of pipes
over 100 mm.
Heating
Heat production Heat consumption
Heat distribution
Heat production
Main distribution
Zone 1 Zone 2
H
Q
Duty point
Y-axis
X-axis
8nsc turoev
6

.

1
7
3.0
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
6. Tool box
8nsc turoev
5tntc rerssuer:
The static pressure of the system is the pressure
which is not provided by the circulator pump. The
static pressure depends on the construction of the
system. We distinguish between 2 types of systems:
Open system; Pressurized system.
The static pressure has big influence on both pumps
and valves. If the static pressure is too low, the risk
of cavitation increases, especially at high tempera-
tures. For canned rotor type pumps, a minimum
inlet pressure (static pressure) is stated. For big
pumps the static pressure can be calculated from
the NPSH value of the pump.
The height of the water level in the expansion tank
gives the static pressure. In the shown example, the
static pressure before the pump is approx. 1.6 m.
Open systems are not used so often, but if the heat
source for example is a solid fuel system, it may be
required that the system is an open system.
A pressurized system has a pressure expansion
tank with a rubber membrane, which separates the
compressed gas (nitrogen) and the water in the
system. The static pressure of the system must be
approx. 1.1 x the inlet pressure in the tank. If the
static pressure is higher, the tank loses its ability
to absorb the dilation of the water which happens
when it is heated. This may cause unintentional
pressure rises in the system. If the static pressure
in the system is lower than the inlet pressure, there
will be no water reserve when the temperature in
the system falls, this may in some cases cause a
vacuum in the system, and there is a risk of air
being drawn in.
Heating
Atmospheric
pressure
Pre-
compressed
gas
Open system Pressurized system
Static system
pressure
Static system
pressure
Static pressure [m]
Static system
pressure
Precompressed
gas
6

.

1
8
0
10000
20000
30000
40000
50000
60000
70000
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN
trctecnt rNrecv
Nearly 20 % of the worlds electrical energy
consumption is used for pump systems.
In some Commercial Building Services pump systems
the use of speed controlled pump systems makes it
possible to save more than 50 % of this energy.
5tnNoneo or errrerNcr
A Guide to LCC Analysis for Pumping Systems, is a
referencebook on the LCC subject. It is the result of
a collaboration between:
Hydraulic Institute
Europump
US Department of Energys Office of industrial
Technologies
The life cycle cost of any piece of equipment is the
total lifetime cost to purchase, install, operate,
maintain and dispose of that equipment.
The methodology to identify and quantify all of the
components in the Life Cycle Cost will be described
in the following section.
ComrnesoN
When used as a comparison tool between possible
design or overhaul alternatives, the LCC process will
show the most cost-effective solution within the
limits of available data.
Life Cycle Cost
Other use
80%
Pump systems
20%
Life Cycle Cost
10 years operation
System 1 System 2
Energy cost 62100 28640
Maintenance 0 0
Initial Cost 6400 12000
Initial Cost Maintenance Energy cost
Euro
6

.

1
9
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN
LCC rountoN
The Life Cycle Cost is calculated as:
LCC = C
ic
+ C
in
+ C
e
+ C
o
+ C
m
+ C
s
+ C
env
+ C
d
Where:
LCC = life cycle cost
C
ic
= inital costs, purchase price
C
in
= installation and commissioning costs
C
e
= energy costs
C
o
= operation costs (labour cost)
C
m
= maintenance and repair costs
C
s
= down time costs (loss of production)
C
env
= environmental costs
C
d
= decommissioning/disposal costs
In the following section each of these cost
components will be described. As seen from the
illustration, the energy cost, initial cost and
maintenance cost are the most important in
Commercial Building Services pump systems.
INtnt costs, ruecunsr recr (Cc)
This includes all the equipment and accessories
needed to operate the pump system. E.g. this
includes:
Pumps
Frequency converters
Control panels
Transmitters
Often there is a trade off between initial costs
and energy and maintenance costs, as the more
expensive components often have a longer lifetime
or lower energy consumption as is the case with
speed control pumps.
Life Cycle Cost
Typical Life Cycle Cost
of a circulating system in
Commercial Building Services
Inital cost
Maintenance cost
Energy cost
Example showing the initial costs Cic
of a constant speed pump system
(system 1) and a speed controlled
pump system (system 2).
System 1 System 2
Initial Cost 5200 7300
Initial Cost
Euro
6

.

2
0
1000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 2000 3000
8760
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN
INstnttntoN nNo commssoNNc Costs (C
N
)
This includes costs such as:
Installation of pumps
Foundation (if necessary)
Connection of electrical wiring and
instrumentation
Installation, connection and set-up of
transmitters, frequency converters, etc.
Connection to BMS system
Performance eveluation at start-up
Again it is advisable to check for trade offs. In
some cases, as with speed controlled pumps, many
components are integrated in the product, which
then gives a higher initial cost, but lower installation
and commisioning costs. Compared to other costs
in a circulating Commercial Building Services pump
system this kind of costs is often modest.
Nrecv Costs (C
r
)
In most cases, energy consumption is the largest cost
in the LCC of pump systems in Commercial Building
Services, where the pumps are often running more
than 2000 hours a year.
Many factors influence the energy consumption of
the pump system, e.g.:
Load profile
Use of speed controlled solutions
Pump efficiency (calculation of duty point
should be carried out carefully)
Motor efficiency (the motor efficiency at
partial load can vary significantly between
high efficiency motors and normal efficiency
motors)
Pump sizing (often margins and round ups
tend to suggest oversized pumps)
Other system components, such as pipes and
valves
Life Cycle Cost
Integrated components and software in
an E-pump, which saves installation and
commissioning costs
User
interface
Software
Control
Frequency
converter
Standard
motor
Pump
Sensor
Load profile of circulation systems in
Commercial Building Services systems
Hours/year
Heating needs
Cooling needs
North European
Central European
South European
O
u
t
d
o
o
r

t
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

C
6

.

2
1
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN
DrrentNc Costs (C
o
)
Operating costs are labour costs related to the
operation of a pumping system. In most cases the
labour cost, which can be related to the pumps in a
commercial building, is modest. Grundfos E-pumps
provide various ways of monitoring the pump, e.g.
the surveillance of the pumps can be done via the
BMS, as the pumps have BUS communication.
MnNtrNnNcr nNo krrne Costs (C
m
)
This basically covers all costs related to maintenance
and repair of the pump system, e.g.:
Labour cost
Spare parts
Transportation
Cleaning
To obtain the optimum working life of a pump
and prevent breakdowns, it is feasible to carry out
routine maintenance. Grundfos has made some
estimates on the cost of maintenance for the
pumps.
Life Cycle Cost
Wet-runner pumps are maintenance-
free for a period of 10 years.
Dry-runner pumps are estimated to
have replaced the shaft seal three
times and motor bearings four times
during their life time, which is 20
years. This is estimated to a total of
appr. 1500 EUR per pump.
BMS
Main station
Secondary
stations
Components
Boiler
room
Technical
college
Other
Pump Pump Valve
Cateway
BUS
6

.

2
2
1
5
10
50
100
10 1,000 10,000 100 20 60 40 80 2,000 200 400 600 4,000
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN
DowNtmr nNo toss or PeoouctoN Costs (C
s
)
These costs are only relevant in pump systems used
in production processes. In Commercial Building
Services a stop of the pump rarely results in loss of
production, but more in a loss of comfort. So the
measureable cost of this is modest in CBS. But the
unmeasureable costs, e.g. guests in a hotel without
water can be even higher. Even though one pump
is enough for the required pump performance,
Grundfos always recommends to install a back-up
pump, to prevent the loss of comfort caused by
an unexpected failure in the pump system. The
communication possibilities of the E-pumps make
it possible to act fast in case of a break-down.
NveoNmrNtnt Costs (C
rNv
)
This includes the cost of disposal of parts and
contamination from the pumped liquid. The
contribution to the life cycle cost of a pump system
in CBS from this is set to be modest.
DrcommssoNNc nNo Dsrosnt Costs (C
o
)
These costs are also more relevant in systems
with harzardous liquids, and they seem to be non-
existent or modest in CBS systems. At least there
will be little difference occuring from the design of
the system.
Life Cycle Cost
Head [m]
Flow [m/h]
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (wet runner)
= 1 pump + 1 stand-by pump (Dry runner)
= 2 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
= 3 pumps + 1 stand-by pump (dry runner)
6

.

2
3
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN
CntcutntNc LCC
The LCC of a pump system is then made up of the
summation of all the components over the life time
of the system. This is typically 10 - 20 years. As we
are considering a significant amount of years, the
most correct way of calculating LCC would be based
on the discounted cash flow.
Working with a time frame of these 10 20 years
also indicates that the energy price will probably
be significantly higher than today. For political
reasons, the price of energy is probably going to
increase more than the general inflation.
The table on the following page can be used for
keeping hold of the different cost components for a
pump system or the comparison of two alternative
systems.
Life Cycle Cost

Cp =
Cn
[ 1 + (i p ) ]
n
Where:
n = number of years
p = expected annual inflation
i = interest rate
i p = real discount rate
Cn = cost paid after n years
Cp = present cost of a single cost
element Cn
6

.

2
4
6. Tool box
CntcutntoN
Life Cycle Cost
Following the design guides in this System Guide generally tends to minimise the LCC of a pump
system in CBS. The Grundfos consultants are always ready to dicuss the possibilities of lowering the LCC
of a particular system.
Alternative 1 Alternative 2
Input
Initial investment cost
Energy price (present) per kWh:
Weighted average power of
equipment in kW:
Average operating hours per year:
Energy cost per year (calculated) =
Energy price x weighted average power
x average operating hours per year:
Maintenance cost
(routine maintenance per year)
Repair every 2nd year:
Other yearly costs:
Down time cost per year:
Environmental cost:
Decommissioning/disposal
(Salvage) cost
Life time in years:
Interest rate, %:
inflation rate, %:
Output
Present LCC value:
6

.

2
5
6. Tool box
xnmrtr
5tuntoN orscrtoN
A new office building is being designed. One of
the evaluation criteria from the investor is energy
consumption.
Three alternative pump systems have to be
evaluated.
5vstrm oNr
Two constant speed pumps + one constant speed
standby pump. ON/OFF operation.
Selected pumps:
3 x NK 250-400/409
Motor size
3 x 200 kW
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 438 342 149.796
75 876 308 269.808
50 3.066 187 573.342
25 4.380 164 718.320
Total 8.760 Total 1.711.266
Life Cycle Cost
The pumps are
with ON/OFF control
H
e
a
t

s
o
u
r
c
e
The need for circulating water in
the heating system is calculated as:
Total heat demand = 100.000 kW
Sizing flow = 1.250 m/h
Sizing head = 45 m
6

.

2
6
6. Tool box
xnmrtr
5vstrm two
Three speed controlled pumps + one speed
controlled standby pump. Constant pressure control
(measured over the pumps)
Selected pumps:
4 x NK 200-400/400
Motor size
4 x 132 kW
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 438 349 152,862
75 876 260 227,760
50 3.066 178 545,748
25 4.380 100 438,000
Total 8.760 Total 1.364,370
5vstrm tuerr
Three speed controlled pumps + one speed
controlled standby pump. Proportional pressure
control (measured at suitable place in the system)
Selected pumps:
4 x NK 200-400/400
Motor size
4 x 132 kW
Life Cycle Cost
p control measured
directly over the pumps
p control measured
out in the system
p
p
H
e
a
t

s
o
u
r
c
e
H
e
a
t

s
o
u
r
c
e
6

.

2
7
6. Tool box
xnmrtr
Nrecv cntcutntoN:
Flow Hours Effect Energy
[%] [h] [kW] [kWh]
100 438 349 152.862
75 876 135 118.260
50 3.066 79 242.214
25 4.380 47 205.860
Total 8.760 Total 719.196
CntcutntNc LCC nNo snvNcs
Life Cycle Cost
20 year operation time
System 1 % System 2 % System 3 % Saving 1 vs. 3 % Remarks
EURO LCC EURO LCC EURO LCC EURO Saving Saving between
1 and 3
C
ic
40.000 1,2% 100.000 3,5% 105.000 6,8% -65.000 -163% End user price
C
in
2.000 0,1% 3.500 0,1% 3.500 0,2% -1.500 -75% Commissioning
C
e
3.422.532 98,6% 2.720.740 96,1% 1.438.380 92,6% 1.984.152 58% Energy price
0,1 EURO/kWh
C
o
0
C
m
4.500 0,1% 6.000 0,2% 6.000 0,3% 0 0% New shaft seals/
motor bearings
C
s
0
C
en
0
C
d
2.000 0,1% 2.000 0,1% 2.000 0,1% 0
LCC 3.471.032 100% 2.832.240 100% 1.554.880 100% 1.918.652 55%
6

.

2
8
0 2 4 6 8 10 1 20 16
2,50
3,00
3,50
0
2,00
1,50
1,00
0,50
12 14 18
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
6. Tool box
xnmrtr
CntcutntNc LCC nNo snvNcs
Pnvsnck tmr
Life Cycle Cost
Life Cycle Cost 20 years operation
E
u
r
o

x


1
0
0
0
System 1 System 2 System 3
Initial Cost 40 100 105
Maintenance 5 5 5
Energy cost 3422 2720 1438
Initial Cost Maintenance Energy cost
Payback time
Year of operation
E
u
r
o

x


1
0
0
0
Overview of the payback time
S
y
s
t
e
m

1
S
y
s
t
e
m

2
S
y
s
t
e
m

3
6

.

2
9
6. Tool box
Dvrevrw
Control mode overview
Control mode
Single pipe heating systems OX X
Systems with 2 way valve OX O X
Systems with 3 way valve OX X X
Heat and colling surfaces OX X
Cooling towers X
Chiller pumps OX X X
Flow filter
DHW recirculation X
Pressure boosting X
C
o
n
s
t
a
n
t

c
u
r
v
e
C
o
n
s
t
a
n
t

d
i
f
f
.

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e
P
r
o
p
o
r
t
i
o
n
a
l

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

(
c
a
l
c
u
l
a
t
e
d
)
P
r
o
p
o
r
t
i
o
n
a
l

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e
(
m
e
a
s
u
r
y
)
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

c
o
n
t
r
o
l
C
o
n
s
t
a
n
t

f
l
o
w
C
o
n
s
t
a
n
t

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e
Control mode
System type
O= Series 2000 product range
X= Series 1000 product range
6

.

3
0
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
20
40
60
80
100
6. Tool box
CoNstnNt Cuevr
Wurer to usr
When there is a demand for constant flow and con-
stant head, a speed controlled pump can replace a
throttle valve for adjusting the flow. The speed can
be adjusted between 25% and 100%. This feature is
specially benefitial in e.g.
Heat surfaces
Cooling surfaces
Heating systems with 3 way valves
Air-con system with 3 way valves
Chiller pumps
Pumr tvrrs
Series 2000
UPE(D)/TPE
Series 1000
TPE(D)/LME(D)/LPE(D)/CLME
NBE/NKE
Accrssoers
Remote control R100 (Series 1000)
How to usr
Control mode
H [%]
Q [%]
RPM
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
25%
Single speed
pump
E
f
f
e
c
t

i
n

%
Flow in %
M
Duty point
with valve
Duty point
without valve
H
Q
H
din.
Q
dim.
Constant curve
operation
6

.

3
1
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
20
40
60
80
100
6. Tool box
CoNstnNt orr. rerssuer
Wurer to usr
Used in circulating systems with a pipe system with
low pressure drop and control valves to generate
a variable flow. The pressure drop in the control
valves is higher than 50% of the total pressure
drop.
Heating systems with 2 way valves
Air-con system with 2 way valves
(only TPE Series 2000)
Pumr tvrrs
Series 2000
UPE(D)/TPE
Series 1000
TPE(D)/LME(D)/LPE(D)/CLME
NBE/NKE
Accrssoers
Remote control R100 (Series 1000)
How to usr
Control mode
H [%]
Q [%]
RPM
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
25%
Single speed
pump
E
f
f
e
c
t

i
n

%
Flow in %
p
Exchanger
3,5 m
Total p pump
11 m
p Pipe system
1,5 m
p
control valve
6 m
Has to be kept
constant
M M M
Diff. pressure
controlled
6

.

3
2
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
20
40
60
80
100
6. Tool box
PeoroetoNnt rerssuer (cntcutntro)
Wurer to usr
Used in circulation systems with a pipe system with
low pressure drop and control valves to generate a
variable flow. The pressure drop in the control valves is
lower than 50% of the total pressure drop.
Heating systems with 2 way valves
Air-con system with 2 way valves
(only TPE Series 2000)
Pumr tvrrs
Series 2000
UPE(D)/TPE
Accrssoers
Remote control R100 (optional)
How to usr
Control mode
p
Exchanger
3,5 m
Total p pump
11 m
p Pipe system
6 m
p
control valve
1,5 m
Has to be kept
constant
H [%]
Q [%]
RPM
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
25%
Single speed
pump
E
f
f
e
c
t

i
n

%
Flow in %
Diff. pressure
controlled
6

.

3
3
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
20
40
60
80
100
6. Tool box
PeoroetoNnt rerssuer (mrnsuero)
Wurer to usr
Mostly used in circulation systems with an exten-
sive pipe system and control valves to generate
a variable flow. The pressure drop in the control
valves is lower than 50% of the total pressure drop.
Heating systems with 2 way valves
District heating net
Air-con system with 2 way valves
Pumr tvrrs
Series 1000
TPE(D)
LME(D
LPE(D)
CLME
NBE/NKE
Accrssoers
Remote control R100
Differential presure transmitter
How to usr
Control mode
H [%]
Q [%]
RPM
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
25%
Single speed
pump
E
f
f
e
c
t

i
n

%
Flow in %
M M M M
p
Diff. pressure
controlled
6

.

3
4
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
20
40
60
80
100
6. Tool box
1rmrrentuer coNteot
Wurer to usr
Circulation systems without control valves to gene-
rate a variable flow and systems where it is
important to have a constant temperature e.g.
Single pipe heating system
Boiler shunts
Heating systems with 3 way valves
Air-con system with 3 way valves
Domestic hot water circulation
Pumr tvrrs
Series 1000
TPE(D)/LME(D)/LPE(D)/CLME
NBE/NKE
Accrssoers
Remote control R100
Temperature transmitter or
Differential temperature transmitter
How to usr
Control mode
H [%]
Q [%]
RPM
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
25%
Single speed
pump
E
f
f
e
c
t

i
n

%
Flow in %
Single pipe system
with return
temperature transmitter
Temp./diff.
temp.
controlled
6

.

3
5
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
20
40
60
80
100
6. Tool box
CoNstnNt rtow
Wurer to usr
Circulation systems without control valves to gene-
rate a variable flow and systems where it is
important to have a constant temperature e.g.
Single pipe heating system
Boiler shunts
Heating systems with 3 way valves
Air-con system with 3 way valves
Domestic hot water circulation
Pumr tvrrs
Series 1000
TPE(D)/LME(D)/LPE(D)/CLME
NBE/NKE
Accrssoers
Remote control R100
Flow transmitter or
Differential pressure transmitter
How to usr
Control mode
H [%]
Q [%]
RPM
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
25%
Single speed
pump
E
f
f
e
c
t

i
n

%
Flow in %
Using a P transmitter for
constant flow. Knowing the
characteristic of a constant
resistance it is possible to lay
down the exact P giving
the right flow
P
Pump
set point
Demand
flow
H
Q
Flow/diff.
pressure
controlled
6

.

3
6
0 20 40 60 80 100
0
20
40
60
80
100
6. Tool box
CoNstnNt rerssuer
Wurer to usr
Circulation systems without control valves to gene-
rate a variable flow and systems where it is
important to have a constant temperature e.g.
Single pipe heating system
Boiler shunts
Heating systems with 3 way valves
Air-con system with 3 way valves
Domestic hot water circulation
Pumr tvrrs
Series 1000
TPE(D)/LME(D)/LPE(D)/CLME
NBE/NKE
Accrssoers
Remote control R100
Flow transmitter
Diff. pressure transmitter
How to usr
Control mode
H [%]
Q [%]
RPM
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
25%
Single speed
pump
E
f
f
e
c
t

i
n

%
Flow in %
Pressure holding Pressure boosting
p
p
Pressure
controlled
6

.

3
7
7. Reference project
7. Reference project
5cnNoc Hotrt, CorrNuncrN,
DrNmnek
DrscertoN:
The hotel is 31,500 m
2
, distributed on 465 rooms
in 17 storeys. In 1998 the hotel was renovated for
DKK 10,000,000, and approx. half of the hotels
pumps were replaced by Grundfos Speed controlled-
pumps. The renovation meant an annual saving of
DKK 2,000,000.
HrntNc:
The hotel is heated by 5 steam/central heating
exchangers (totally 5680 kW). There are approx.
75 pumps in the heating system. 29 of these are
Grundfos Speed controlled-pumps. For ex. the fol-
lowing types:
2 GRUNDFOS LPE In-Line regulated dry-runner
pumps
1 GRUNDFOS TPE series 2000 In-Line speed
regulated dryrunner pump.
26 GRUNDFOS UPE speed controlled wet-runner
pumps.
2 GRUNDFOS UPS wet-runner pumps.
Ae coNotoNNc:
The chilling effect of the system is 1000 kW. There
are app. 10 Grundfos pumps in the air-conditioning
system, for example:
3 GRUNDFOS CLM dry-runner pumps.
1 GRUNDFOS LP In-Line dry-runner pump.
1 GRUNDFOS UPS wet-runner pump.
Perssuer soostNc:
3 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 Booster systems
Divided in 2 pressure zones and 1 stand-by system.
8utoNc MnNncrmrNt 5vstrm :

Master station: Honeywell XBS, connected to
printers and mobile telephones.
Substations: There are four Honeywell EXCEL 5000
with approx. 300 points connected.
Hotel
Investor:
Scandic Hotel
Designer:
Cowi
7

.

1
7. Reference project
Aeroet HnNNovre, CremnNv
DrscertoN:
The newly built Terminal C, incl. the connecting
building. This includes a Indoor climate system
with a performance of 570,000 rn
3
/h air, variable
volume flow system with air quality control and
heat recovery.
HrntNc:
Central heating system with 3,200 kW heat output:
22 GRUNDFOS UPE 50/65 wet-runner pumps
16 GRUNDFOS UPS 40/50 wet-runner pumps
Ae-coNotoNNc:
Cooling system with 3,300 kW output, cooling with
absorption refrigerator and NH3-chiller
7 GRUNDFOS CLM 150 pumps
2 GRUNDFOS LPD 125 In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS NK 150-400-75kW End-suction
pumps
Perssuer soostNc:
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 pressure boosting
system
1 GRUNDFOS CRE centrifugal pump
8utoNc MnNncrmrNt 5vstrm:
Building Management system with 4,000 data
points.
Fire alarm system.
Pump control: 12 GRUNDFOS Delta Control 2000
MF
Airport
Investor:
Flughafen Hannover-
Langenhagen GmbH
Consulting engineer:
OBERMEYER Planen und Beraten,
Hannover
7

.

2
7. Reference project
Hotrt INtre-CoNtNrNtnt,
IstnNsut, 1uekrv
Hotel
DrscertoN:
The hotel was built in 1975 and was renovated in
1996. It covers app. 68,000 m
2
, distributed on 390
rooms in 28 storeys. There are 4 technical floors and
around 100 Grundfos pumps in the hotel, used for
heating, air-conditioning, ventilation and pressure
boosting. In most cases an external frequency
converter is used for speed regulation of the
pumps.
HrntNc:
The hotel is heated by 4 pcs. of 2,300 kW boilers
(totally 9,200 kW). For ex. the following types:
50 GRUNDFOS LP In-Line dry-runner pumps
10 GRUNDFOS UPS wet-runner pumps for HWR
Ae-coNotoNNc:
The air-conditioning system is made up by:
4 chillers 1,000 kW (totally 4,000 kW)
15 GRUNDFOS NK endsuction pumps.
Perssuer soostNc:
3 Hydro 2000 Booster systems
Divided in 3 pressure zones, one 6 bar system, one
10 bar system and one stand-by system.
8utoNc MnNncrmrNt 5vstrm:
The components are connected by a Honeywell
Building Management System.
Investor:
Hotel Inter-Continental
Designer:
Peter Laston
(English designer)
Contractor:
Ceylan
Installer:
Grdal Engineering
7

.

3
7. Reference project
Ctrsoecs uNvrestrtssstotrk,
5wrorN
Library
DrscertoN:
In 1999 the university library in Gothenburg got
a new air-conditioning system with a computer
based Building Management System.
Ae-coNotoNNc:
Speed controlled-pumps are installed in
Gothenburg's university library's new air-condition-
ing system regulating different flows according to
needs and consumption.
The air-conditioning system has been designed with
careful consideration to minimise the energy con-
sumption.
GRUNDFOS TPE series 2000 In-Line pumps have
been installed in several places where there is a
varying demand for cooling and therefore a varying
flow. The Speed controlled-pumps automatically
adapt the performance and keep a constant differ-
ential pressure to the installation. The Speed con-
trolled-pumps have the great advantage of being
compact units that are easy to install.
The chillers in the system are using propane
refrigerant.
8utoNc MnNncrmrNt 5vstrm:
The whole indoor climate is monitored and con-
trolled by a computerised Building Management
System. With this system it is possible centrally to
supervise the present state of the system, and from
a computer it is possible to change settings like e.g.
temperatures.
The BMS system is TAC Vista.
Investor:
Akademiska Hus
7

.

4
7. Reference project
LnNovrttre ftvcrtnts, 5wrorN
Airport
DrscertoN:
Landvetter Flygplats is the airport in Gothenburg. In
2000 approximately 4 mill. travellers went through
the airport.
Grundfos Speed controlled-pumps are used in the
cooling system for air-conditioning in the airport.
In 1999 the airports air-conditioning system was
renovated and expanded. Today the system has a
total maximum refrigerating capacity of 1,140 kW
from three chillers.
Ae-coNotoNNc:
The system consists of three cooling machines each
with speed controlled Grundfos pumps on both the
hot and the cold side.
In total nine GRUNDFOS TPE series 2000 In-Line
pumps are installed in the system.
GRUNDFOS TPE series 2000 In-Line pumps regulate
the flow through the chillers and the condensers,
so that the flow at all times is exactly the necessary
flow for the actual refrigeration need.
Besides saving space and energy the system is also
optimised to be as environmentally friendly as pos-
sible for that type of system.
Investor:
Landvetter Flygplats
Designer:
Axro Consult AB
7

.

5
7. Reference project
Dsten NoeostnN, 5wrorN
Shopping mall
DrscertoN:
stra Nordstan is said to be Scandinavias largest
shopping mall.
GRUNDFOS TPE In-Line pumps are used in the
shopping malls air-conditioning system.
Ae-coNotoNNc:
The installation supplies air-conditioning for part of
the shopping mall and the offices in the building.
To save installation costs, it was decided to install
Speed controlled-pumps when the old system had
to be renovated. The Speed controlled-pumps are
all-in-one compact units, taking up a minimum of
space and easy to install.
Each pump is connected to a differential pressure
sensor in the system. The sensors give input values
to the Speed controlled-pump, which then adapt the
speed according to the actual need of performance
this way the pumps save energy.
The installed pumps are:
GRUNDFOS TPE 65-120/2 In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS TPE 50-120/2 In-Line pumps
Investor:
stra Nordstan, Sweden
7

.

6
7. Reference project
Vntunttn, Ctrsoec, 5wrorN
Heating System in Swimming pools
DrscertoN:
Valhalla is the main swimming stadium in the
Gothenburg area with app. 500,000 visitors each
year. Valhalla has several swimming pools, includ-
ing a 50 m and a 25 m pool. The first pool was
opened in December 1956 and was at that time
the largest swimming Stadium in the Scandinavian
countries.
HrntNc:
The water in the Stadium is heated by district
heating.
A GRUNDFOS LPDE 125-125/125 Speed controlled
In-Line pump is used to circulate the district heating
water through the heat exchanger for heating the
Stadium water.
The twin pump is controlled by a GRUNDFOS Delta
Control 2000.
Investor:
Valhalla
7

.

7
7. Reference project
8otsuov 1urnter N Moscow
Theatre
DrscertoN:
Approx. 70 Grundfos pumps are installed in the
theatre, used for heating, air-conditioning, ventila-
tion, fire protection and pressure boosting. The
auditorium of Bolshoy (Grand) Theatre was con-
structed in 1825. While the Bolshoy troupe
successfully staged marvellous ballets and operas
the building had no major repairs and became
dilapidated. In 1994 on behalf of UNESCO a complete
renovation and expanding project was started,
including construction of 2
nd
stage, audience hall
and lobby (total area appr. 70,000 m
2
)
fer PeotrctoN:
Booster Modules are installed for the automatic fire
fighting system:
GRUNDFOS SP 215-5-2 (7 x 93 kW)
GRUNDFOS SP 77-10 (3 x 37 kW)
For hydrant water pumping:
2 GRUNDFOS DNP 65-200/210 (30 kW)
HrntNc nNo vrNttntoN:
Another 50 Grundfos pumps handle water circula-
tion, the air-conditioning and ventilating system,
for example:
4 GRUNDFOS LP In-Line pump.
2 GRUNDFOS DNM 32-200 end-suction pump.
2 GRUNDFOS NK 80-315 end-suction pump.
40 GRUNDFOS UPS (D) wet-runner pump.
DenNncr:
For discharge of drainage water the most robust
pumps were admitted to be GRUNDFOS AP 10 (5 pcs)
8utoNc MnNncrmrNt 5vstrm:
The pump management system for the fire extin-
guishing plant is a control panel GRUNDFOS control
2000.
Investor:
Government of Russia
Designer:
Spezavtomatika
Contractor:
Administration of Bolshoy
Theatre and Grundfos GMBH
7

.

8
7. Reference project
Investor
Flughafen Hannover-
Langenhagen GmbH
Consulting engineer:
Pre Planning:
Schulhoff Ingenieur Planungs
GmbH (SIP)
DrscertoN:
After the fire catastrophe in 1996 restauration and
rebuilding measures were decided for the Flughafen
Dsseldorf under the expression Airport 2000
Plus. These contained the construction of GateC/
Departure as well as the restauration of the central
building, GateB and GateD.
HrntNc:
3 GRUNDFOS UPS 40-40 F wet-runner pumps
9 GRUNDFOS UPS 32-30 F wet-runner pumps
2 GRUNDFOS UPS 25-40 wet-runner pumps
2 GRUNDFOS UPS 40-60 F wet-runner pumps
6 GRUNDFOS UPS 80-60 F wet-runner pumps
1 GRUNDFOS TPE 80-120 In-Line pump
2 GRUNDFOS TPE 65-180/2 In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS TPE 100-180 In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS UPE 32-120 wet-runner pumps
2 GRUNDFOS UPE 40-120 wet-runner pumps
5 GRUNDFOS UPS 40-60/2 wet-runner pumps
Ae-coNotoNNc:
3 GRUNDFOS CLM 200 - 400 In-Line pumps
3 GRUNDFOS NK 200-315 55.0 KW End-suction
pumps
4 GRUNDFOS NK 200-315 45.0 KW End-suction
pumps
12 GRUNDFOS LMD 80-200/202 In-Line pumps
8 GRUNDFOS LMD 100-2007200 In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS LMD 65-200/202 In-Line pumps
Perssuer soostNc:
5 GRUNDFOS booster Hydro 2000 MF 6 CR 4-60
customized systems
1 GRUNDFOS booster Hydro 2000 MF 4 CR 16-70
customized system
Aeroet Dssrtooer CmsH
Airport
7

.

9
7. Reference project
Investor:
Imtech Deutschland GmbH
(vorher R.O.M. Berlin GmbH)
Consulting Engineer:
IGH Hpfner GmbH Berlin
DrscertoN:
1996 Debis (Daimler Chrysler) and Sony started to
build office and residential buildings on the area
around the Potsdamer Platz. The Sony Center as
central building offers a plaza covered by a huge
tent formed roof with restaurants, cinemas, a film
museum and offices as well as the Kaisersaal. The
Sony Center was built strictly modern as construc-
tion of steel and glass according to the plans of the
world famous architect Jahn.
HrntNc:
160 GRUNDFOS UPS 25-40 180 wet-runner pumps
45 GRUNDFOS UPS 25-60 180 wet-runner pumps
25 GRUNDFOS UPS 32-80 180 wet-runner pumps
10 GRUNDFOS UPS 40-30F wet-runner pumps
10 GRUNDFOS UPED 50-60F wet-runner pumps
11 GRUNDFOS UPED 80-120F wet-runner pumps
Several GRUNDFOS UPSD wet-runner pumps
Ae-coNotoNNc:
6 GRUNDFOS CDM 200-240 A-F-A-BBUE 400D 16B
In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS CDM 200-263 A-F-A-BBUE 400D 16B
In-Line pumps
4 GRUNDFOS TPED 80-120 A-F-A BUBE IP 55 In-Line
pumps
4 GRUNDFOS CDM 150-229 A-F-A-BBUE 400D 16B
In-Line pumps
10 GRUNDFOS TPED 100-120 A-F-A BUBE 400V
In-Line pumps
3 GRUNDFOS TPED 80-120 A-F-A BUBE IP 55 In-Line
pumps
2 GRUNDFOS LPED 80-125/117 A-F-A BUBE IP55
In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS LMDE 100-200/210 A-F-A BUBE IP
55 In-Line pumps
5DN-CrNtre 8retN, Postonmre Ptntz
Office building
7

.

1
0
7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
Corona Design, Edinburgh
Contractor:
Rotary (Scotland) Ltd, Bathgate

Installer:
Rotary (Scotland) Ltd, Bathgate
DrscertoN:
It is a riverside retail and leisure development in
Leith Docks in Edinburgh which has been designed
to look like an ocean liner

HrntNc nNo vrNttntoN:
LTHW Roof Top Primary
LTHW Food Court Secondary
Condenser Water
Run Around Coils
OHWS Bronze
Booster Systems + Pressurisation Units
3 GRUNDFOS TPED In-Line pumps
4 GRUNDFOS LME In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS LPE In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS UPS 15 wet-runner pumps
2 GRUNDFOS UP 25 wet-runner pumps
1 GRUNDFOS LPDE Duo Compact CR 4/20 In-Line
pumps Condenser Water
1 GRUNDFOS UPSD wet-runner pumps
2 GRUNDFOS TPE 65 In-Line pumps
DcrnN 1remNnt, Lrtu Docks,
oNsuecu
Terminal
7

.

1
1
7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
WSP
Contractor:
Crown House Engineering
DrscertoN:
This Project involved a full package of energy effi-
cient speed controlled pumps, pressurisation sys-
tems and booster systems. Large 200 kw long cou-
pled GRUNDFOS NK End-suction pumps were used
to provide additional heating and airconditioning
requirements to the extended terminal replacing
existing Baric Belt Drive Pumps. The GRUNDFOS NK
End-suction pumps were driven by remote Danfoss
wall mounted inverters providing quiet running
operation. Sat 3 involved a number of close coupled
GRUNDFOS NB End-suction pumps with remote
Danfoss wall mounted inverters providing heating
and airconditioning requirements to the Satelite
3 Link terminal. GRUNDFOS monopress pressurisa-
tion systems were utilised for the chilled water
and heating systems and a GRUNDFOS CRE booster
system for the cold water supply.
Grundfos were able to fulfil the clients require-
ments with an energy efficient solution.
Grundfos were asked to provide an energy efficient
pumping solution for the increased heating and air-
conditioning requirements of the extended terminal
and satelite link to this airport.
HrntNc:
GRUNDFOS NK End-suction pumps
Ae-coNotoNNc:
GRUNDFOS NB End-suction pumps
Perssuer soostNc:
GRUNDFOS CRE centrifugal pumps
5tnNstro Aeroet xtrNsoN s 5nt 3 LNk
Airport
7

.

1
2
7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
Hulley & Kirkwood, Glasgow
Contractor:
Sir Robert McAlpine, Glasgow

Installer:
Haden Young Ltd
DrscertoN:
New multi-million pound hospital using Speed con-
trolled-pumps for energy saving and variable speed
for better system control.
Building size 22000 m
2
.
HrntNc:
Boiler feed unit - inverters
Chilled water units GRUNDFOS NK End-suction
pump.
GRUNDFOS UPE wet-runner pumps
GRUNDFOS LME In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS LPE In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS TPE In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS NK End-suction pumps
Perssuer soostNc:
Cold water speed controlled booster systems
Pressurisation Units
Pumptypes:
GRUNDFOS CRE centrifugal pump - tricompact
GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 booster systems - Duocab
Wsunw CrNrent Hosrtnt,
Wsunw, LnNneksuer, 5cottnNo
Hospital
7

.

1
3
7. Reference project
Investor:
Copenhagen Airport A/S
Consulting engineer:
Hjgaard & Schultz A/S
DrscertoN:
Grundfos has supplied drainage- and wastewater
pumps in the newly builed station terminal in
Copenhagen airport.
It has been a pump assigment for Grundfos to let
people walk dryshoed in the submersible parts of
the building complex the trainstation, the luggage
handling and the parking cellars.
In addition we have also solved the problem of
pumping away wastewater.
DenNncr:
24 drainage pumps from the Grundfos series of
stainless steel wastewater pumps are placed in the
pumping pits below the construction site.
The pump types are:
GRUNDFOS AP12 pump for drainage and
GRUNDFOS AP35 pump with Vortex impeller.
The latter are used in the pumping pits that have
inlet of effluent, e.g. from floor drains, sinks etc.
5rwncr:
10 larger sewage pumps from the series of
GRUNDFOS AP100 cast iron pumps have been deliv-
ered for pumping away sewage. These pumps have
a free passage for particles up to 100 mm.
5revcr:
All pumps have been installed with complete piping
from Grundfos wastewater installers. They have
specially equipped service cars and are based in our
service centres and wastewater work shops.
CorrNuncrN AIeroet, DrNmnek
Airport
7

.

1
4
7. Reference project
Investor:
The Oerestad Consortium
Consulting engineer:
RAMBLL A/S
DrscertoN:
The establishment of the new infrastructure in the
Oerestad, close to Copenhagen, is almost in place.
It concerns roads, railways, sewers, drainage canals
etc.
Grundfos has established 3 larger pumping stations
in this area.
Two stations for pumping away sewage and one for
pumping away rainwater.
5rwncr:
The pumping stations for pumping sewage are
installed as a 2 floor basement.
One pumping station with two dry-installed 13 kW
GRUNDFOS SE sewage pumps taking the sewage
from a separate inlet sump operating with a head
of 15 m delivering a flow of 75 ltr./sec. pr. pump.
A submersible sewage pump with a 2,4 kW motor
is installed on auto-coupling system and ejector
system to prevent settlement of untreated sewage
DenNncr:
The other is a traditional pumping station delivered
and installed by Grundfos with two submersible,
high pressure pumps with 6,5 kW motors with
cutter system.

In the other pumping station Grundfos has delivered
and installed 2 pcs. of dry installed drainage pumps
with 25 kW motors for the rain station, each with a
performance of app. 100 ltr./sec.
1 dry-installed Grundfos pump with a 1,3 kW motor
is installed for the daily operation in dry weather.
Besides delivering and installing the pumps Grundfos
has also been responsible for the plumbing and
ventilation of the pumping stations.
1ur Drerstno N CorrNuncrN, DrNmnek
Pumping statitons
7

.

1
5
7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
DWA, Bodegraven

Contractor:
J.P. van Eesteren, Amsterdam
Installer:
Van Galen, Rotterdam
Unica Amsterdam (boosters)
DrscertoN:
Cisco Campus. Headoffice for Europe. Marketleader
for Internet supplies. Pumps foor cooling, heating
and pressure boosting.
Building size 90.000 m
2
.
HrntNc:
51 Pumps: GRUNDFOS UPE wet-runner pumps
GRUNDFOS CLM In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS TPE In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS LME In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS NK End-suction pumps
Ae-coNotoNNc: :
GRUNDFOS CLM 200-240 In-Line pumps with
Delta Control 2000
GRUNDFOS CLM 150-242 In-Line pumps
Perssuer soostNc:
2 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 MS 3CR4-50-1 Booster
systems
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 MS 3CR*-40 1 1
Booster system
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 MS 2CR4-30 1 Booster
system
Csco 5vstrms Amstreonm
Office building
7

.

1
6
7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
Technisch Adviesburo Becks BV,
Vught

Contractor:
BAM Noord-West

Owner:
Amstelland Ontwikkeling
Vastgoed BV, Nieuwegein
DrscertoN:

Crystal tower, situated in the existing business
district Amsterdam Teleport, 95 meter high office
building. The design is remarkable due to the
combination of brick, glass and aluminium.
Developed in line with modern office concepts;
many variable working places and team conference
rooms.
Building size: 24.000 m
2
.
HrntNc nNo ne-coNotoNNc:
2 GRUNDFOS LM 80-200/187 In-Line pumps
2 UPE 50-120 with PMU 2000 wet-runner pumps
5 GRUNDFOS TPE 80-180 In-Line pumps with PMU
2000
Several GRUNDFOS LM In-Line pumps and
GRUNDFOS UPE wet-runner pumps.
Perssuer soostNc:
GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 ME 2CRE3-10- 1
booster systems
GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 ME 2CRE3-15-1
booster systems
GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 3CRE19-1 (16 bar)
booster systems
fer reotrctoN:
1 Fire protection unit with 1500 l tank GBI
2 GRUNDFOS CR 45-7-2 centrifugal pumps
1 GRUNDFOS CR 2-180 centrifugal pump
Wnstr wntre:
1 GRUNDFOS AP 12.50.11A3 wastewater pump
1 GRUNDFOS AP 12.40.04A3 wastewater pump
Cevstnt 1owre
Office building
7

.

1
7
7. Reference project
DrscertoN:
Modern theater with 1500 seats, situated at the
bridge over the river Maas. Higt-tech facilities such
as movable panels for adapting acoustic reverb up
to 2 seconds.
Building size: 16.325 m
2
.

HrntNc:
3 GRUNDFOS LME In-Line pumps
17 GRUNDFOS UPS wet-runner pumps
2 GRUNDFOS UPS wet-runner pumps
Ae-coNotoNNc:
2 GRUNDFOS CLM In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS TP In-Line pump
3 GRUNDFOS LME In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS control 2000 ME3, 2,2 E PFU/PMU
Perssuer soostNc:
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 MS 4CR8-30 1 1
booster system
Luxoe 1urntre kottreonm
Theater
Consulting Engineer:
Tebodin Den Haag

Contractor:
IBC Utiliteit

Installer:
Lingestreek
7

.

1
8
7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
Deerns Raadgevende
Ingenieurs BV, Rijswijk

Contractor:
Bouwcombinatie Bam bouw/
Bam techniek
DrscertoN:

Millennium tower, Build in the center of Rotterdam,
near the Central Staion. 131 Meter High with luxuri-
ous offices and five star Westin Hotel. 231 Rooms
Building size 13.005 m
2
.
HrntNc nNo ne-coNotoNNc:
All pumps for heating/cooling
fer reotrctoN:
1 GRUNDFOS GBI 2CR45-8-2 30kW
Perssuer soostNc:
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000MS/C 4CR8-80 booster
system
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000MS/C 3CR8-140 booster
system
1ur WrstN Hotrt kottreonm
Office building
7

.

1
9
7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
J.V. TIERNEY & CO
Contractor:
JOHN SISK & CO
Installer:
T BOURKE & CO
DrscertoN:
This development is a 80,000 seat stadium with
corporate and hospitality facilities.
During a game there is a huge demand for water
The uses are catering, toilet facilities and team
facilities.
The water for the stands are provided from the
ground floor plant rooms by means of GRUNDFOS
Hydro 2000 Booster sets. The services are divided
into circuits. The circuits are, the individual stands
subdivided into levels. The object of the installation
is to provide a secure stable water supply for the
toilet, washing and catering facilities.
Perssuer soostNc:
4 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 ME 2 CRE 16-60 PMU
booster systems
2 GRUNDFOS 4 CRE 16-80 PMU centrifugal pumps
2 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 ME 2 CRE 8-80 PMU
booster systems
2 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 ME 4 CRE 32-3 PMU
booster systems
Ceokr Pnek CAA Hrnoounetres
Stadium
7

.

2
0
7. Reference project
Contractor:
GEIE del Traforo del Monte Bianco
Installer:
CIAB Srl
DrscertoN:
This project is famous in Italy. The Company, owner
of the tunnel, is able to grant an high standard of
safety to the car drivers that cross the tunnel.
The project has been realized after the big fire that
destroyed a big part of the tunnel of Mont Blanc.
In this plant Grundfos delivered 5 fire protection
systems and 3 Booster systems.
The tunnel is km 12 long
fer reotrctoN:
2 GRUNDFOS Fire protection systems
HUNI 3 + 1 CR 64-5 /16-100
1 GRUNDFOS Fire protection system
HUNI 3 + 1 CV 70-60 / 16-160
2 GRUNDFOS Fire protection system
HUNI 3 + 1 CR 64-4-2/16-80
Perssuer soostNc:
2 GRUNDFOS Hydro 1000 2 CR 16-30
booster systems
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 1000 2 CR 45-4
booster system
CIA8 5cet, MoNt 8tnNc
Tunnel
7

.

2
1
7. Reference project
Contractor:
Elliniki Technodomiki S.A.
Installer:
Elliniki Technodomiki S.A.
DrscertoN:
The hotel was built in 1999. It covers 22,000 m
2
;
it has 152 rooms in three storeys and an extensive
conference area. It has also two tennis courts and
two swimming pools. There are five pump rooms
for all applications. Fifty six (56) Grundfos pumps
are used for heating, air conditioning, pressure
boosting, water supply, wastewater and sewage.

HrntNc s Ae-coNotoNNc:
2 GRUNDFOS CLM 100-180 In-Line pumps
4 GRUNDFOS CLM 200-306 In-Line pumps
4 GRUNDFOS LM 65-200, In-Line pumps
3 GRUNDFOS LP 100-160 In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS LP 80-160 In-Line pump
3 GRUNDFOS NK 100-315 End-suction pumps
2 GRUNDFOS LMB 40/4-241 In-Line pumps
5 GRUNDFOS LMB 40/4-254 In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS LMB 65/4-234 In-Line pumps
4 GRUNDFOS LMB 65/4-260 In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS UPE 32-120 wet-runner pump
Perssuer soostNc:
2 GRUNDFOS Hydro 1000 booster systems
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 booster system
Wnstrwntre:
1 GRUNDFOS APG 50.92.3 wastewater pump
1 GRUNDFOS APG 50.31.3 wastewater pump
Hvntt krcrNcv 1urssntoNk
Hotel
7

.

2
2
7. Reference project
Investor:
LendLease Espaa, S.A.
Consulting Engineer:
Robert & Partners, Ltd.
DrscertoN:
Grundfos has supplied all wastewater pumps and
water supply boosting systrems needed for the
newly built commercial shopping mall called Tres
Aguas in Madrid.
Grundfos has supplied all the water and wastewa-
ter pumping needs for the all the shops included in
this commercial development.
5rwncr:
8 pumps were supplied as part of a complete system
of 4 sewage pumping stations, includ. autocoup-
ling systems, valves, level switches, control panels,
access lids and lifting chains. The pump types are:
2 GRUNDFOS 17 kW sewage pumps with 100 mm
free passage (130 l./sec.at 8 meters.)
2 GRUNDFOS 13 kW sewage pumps with 100 mm
free passage (130 l./sec.at 6 meters.)
4 GRUNDFOS 12 kW sewage pumps with 100 mm
free passage (100 l./sec.at 8 meters.)
Perssuer soostNc:
2 GRUNDFOS Series Hydro 2000 MF (4) CR16-60
booster systems.
5revcr:
All pumps have been supplied with all the required
accesories needed for complete installation exclu-
ding piping. Wastewater pumps & accesories were
installed by a local Grundfos specialty contractor.
Hydro systems were supplied as ready to use booter
sets, only to be connected to external piping.
Start-up services were provided for asure proper
installation & functioning.
1ers Acuns Comrecnt Mntt,
Mnoeo (5rnN)
Shopping Mall
7

.

2
3
7. Reference project
Investor:
The Danish Railroads
DrscertoN:
Grundfos has delivered a multilift sewage station
to the Danish Railroads.
The purpose of the multilift station here is to collect
and transfer all the stations sewage.
The multilift station is a gas and air-teight sewage
system.
5rwncr:
The Multilift station for collection and transfer of
sewage consists of:
2 GRUNDFOS tanks with a capacity of 400 l each.
2 GRUNDFOS sewage pumps with 4kW motors,
handling sewage with a free passage of 100 mm.
Perssuer 8oostNc:
2 GRUNDFOS Series Hydro 2000 MF (4) CR16-60
booster systems.
5revcr:
The complete installation including tanks, pumps,
valves, controller and pressure pipe system was
handled by Grundfos service people.
Ctosteur, DrNmnek
The Danish Railroads
7

.

2
4
7. Reference project
Investor:
Shanghai Pudong Land Develop-
ment (Holding) Corporation
and the world leading Fairs of
Hannover, Dsseldorf and
Mnchen, Germany
Consulting engineer:
Murphy/Jahn Inc. Architects, USA
DrscertoN:
Shanghai New International exhibition center is the
biggest one in the Asia-Pacific region. Many high
level international exhibitions will be held here
every year.
Grundfos has supplied all pumps to service this
building, including water supply system, Air-con
system, fire-fighting system and wastewater sys-
tem.
Perssuer soostNc:
5 sets of Grundfos Hydro 2000 frequency converter
constant pressure boosting system supply all the
water for this building and ensure constant pres-
sure no matter how much water consumed at any
time and any where.
ne-coNotoNNc:
35 units of GRUNDFOS LP/LM In-Line pumps
81 units of GRUNDFOS UPS wet-runner pumps
ensure your spring feeling at any corner inside the
building.
fer reotrctoN:
64 units of Grundfos multistage CR centrifugal
pumps will give powerful enough water in case
of fire.
Wnstrwntre:
10 units of Grundfos submersible drainage and
sewage pumps will drain all the wastewater from
this building to protect against overflooding and
transfer the sewage away from this building.
5revcr:
Experienced service engineer and specially equipped
service cars are ready for service 24 hours.
5unNcun Nrw INtreNntoNnt
xustoN CrNter, CuNn
SNIEC
7

.

2
5
7. Reference project
Investor:
Putrajaya Holding Bhd
Consulting engineer:
KLCC (project manager for
the Petronas Twin Towers project)
DrscertoN:
Grundfos has supplied many submersible drainage
and waste water pumps to the newly developed city
of Putrajaya. Putrajaya is located on a 200 hectare
area, about 20 kilometers from the heart of Kuala
Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia.

This city was designed to locate all Government
Agencies in a single area. This would include
the Prime Minister Office and all Governmental
Departments, Official Residences, New Palace for
the King, and housing for all support staff complete
with all infrastructures like schools, hospital, Light
Rail Transit system, highways and recreation areas
for estimated population of more than one million
people.
5rwncr:
Grundfos have supplied in excess of 40 units explo-
sion proof sewage pumps installed in 7 pumping
stations within the City consisting of units from 2.2
kW to 160 kW GRUNDFOS SE pumps.

Another unique feature in one of these pumping
station is where 4 sets of 130 kW GRUNDFOS SE
pumps, each with 2 units operating in series for
a combine total head of 60 meters and a flow of
370 l/s.
5revcr:
Grundfos has also supplied many various models
of submersible pumps for drainage duties, ranging
from small stainless steel pumps for sump pits in
buildings to large cast iron pumps for underground
light rail transit system stations, Utility tunnels and
for storm water drainage.
Some examples of installation are as follows:

Utility Tunnel 12 units 7 kW
and 7 units 4.2 kW pumps
Station Drainage 4 units 26 kW
and 2 units 17 kW pumps.
Storm Water 5 units 130 kW
and 2 units 130 kW pumps
PutenInvn - Mntnvsns Nrw
AomNstentvr Ctv
New City
7

.

2
6
7. Reference project
Investor:
Arans KB & The Business
Association
DrscertoN:
Kungsmssan is a shopping center placed 1 mile
South of Gteborg, Sweden.
Grundfos has supplied pumps to service this
shopping center, including Air-con system, Heating
system, Ventilation system and wastewater system.
The shopping center has 4 million visitors per year,
is 26000 kvm large (297.760 sq.ft.) and consists of
1600 parking lots, 85 shops and restaurants, 100
toilets, 90 wash bassins and 80 sink units.
Ae-coNtoNNc:
GRUNDFOS CLM and GRUNDFOS CDM In-Line pumps
delivers cooling for the cold storage rooms at the
Shopping Center.
HrntNc:
2 GRUNDFOS UPE wet-runner pumps
1 GRUNDFOS UPED wet-runner pump delivers
heating for the Shopping Center
VrNttntoN:
6 GRUNDFOS UPS wet-runner pump
1 GRUNDFOS TP In-Line pump delivers ventilation
for the Shopping Center.
Wnstrwntre:
4 Grundfos submersible drainage and sewage
pumps will drain all the wastewater from the shop-
ping center.
kuNcsmKssnN, 5wrorN
Shopping Center
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7. Reference project
DrscertoN:
The network of heat serves through 2 network
ground pipes a whole district: 4500 residences, 6
school complexes, 1 college, 1 university, 1 shopping
centre, 1 swimming pool and 1 sports hall.
The cogeneration (6 MW electric) which feeds this
network allows the production of electricity as well
as the recuperation of heat. It is completed by a
boiler for wood (4MW) and a boiler gas-fuel (30
MW).
This urban boiler room multi energy received in
March 2001 the standard ISO 14001, certification of
management of the environment.
Network of heat of 13.5 km length and feeding 55
stations.
HrntNc:
Cogeneration:
2 GRUNDFOS NK 125 End-suction pumps
Boiler for wood:
1 GRUNDFOS CDM 200 In-Line pump
Boiler room gas-fuel:
2 GRUNDFOS CLM 150 In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS CLM 200 In-Line pump
Network:
4 GRUNDFOS NK 80-250 End-suction pumps
1 GRUNDFOS NK 80 250 End-suction pump
(standby pump) with PMU et PFU
Hrnt Nrtwoek or Cntns
Heating
Investor:
Calais Energie
Contractor:
Cabinet Caudron-Dumont,
Berim, Dalkia
Installer:
CRYSTAL
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7. Reference project
Consulting Engineer:
OTH Building , Paris
Installers :
Cofathec Services et Danto Rogeat
for the school
Laurent Bouillet for library and res-
taurant
Ets Jacques for residences
Customer:
Le Grand Lyon
(Town of Lyon) + State
DrscertoN:
LEcole Nationale Superieure de Lyon (ENS) trains
teachers, academics and executives high level for
the organizations of research, the administrations...
Based on a site of 8 hectares, the school is a scien-
tific pole recognized at the regional, national and
international level. The site gathers in addition to
the school, a library, a restaurant and residences.
Building size: 32700 m
2
ArrtcntoN:
Heating, ventilation and cooling of the school, the
library, the restaurant and residences.
Distribution of hot water and frozen water integrat-
ing the variable flow.
Production of cold: by group with screw and atmos-
pheric condenser of a total power of 2060 kw
Production of heat: total power 6300 kw
Pumrs:
Librairy:
1 GRUNDFOS CDM 150 In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS CDM 200 In-Line pump
3 GRUNDFOS LM 80 In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS LPDE 65 In-Line pump
School:
2 GRUNDFOS LPE 100 In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS LMDE 100 In-Line pump
3 GRUNDFOS CLM 125 In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS CLM 150 In-Line pumps
2 GRUNDFOS LM 50 In-Line pumps
GRUNDFOS UPE wet-runner pumps
GRUNDFOS large UPS wet-runner pumps
Restaurant:
2 GRUNDFOS LM 50 In-Line pumps
1 GRUNDFOS LPDE 65 In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS UPED 40 wet-runner pump
1 GRUNDFOS UPSD 50 wet-runner pump
Residence:
1 GRUNDFOS UPED 80 wet-runner pump
4 GRUNDFOS UPS(D) 40 wet-runner pumps
cotr NntoNntr
5urreruer or LvoN
School
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7. Reference project
The Hotel Savoy is the most recent and luxury Hotel in
Madeira island. It is owned and operated by the Madeira-
based Savoy Group of Hotels. It is recognized with the
highest quality standards of quality and service.
The Royal Savoy resort offers 162 luxurious and spa-
cious studios, one or two bedroom suites and spectacu-
lar penthouses suites - each with own dinning rooms,
kitchenettes and balconies, all elegantly furnished in
the utmost quality and comfort creating a unique
atmosphere. The stunning complex is architecturally
designed to let us enjoy the beautiful breathtaking
views of the Atlantic Ocean.
Perssuer soostNc:
1 GRUNDFOS Hydro 2000 MEH 4CR32-5/2
(11kW) + 2CRE16-60 (5.5kW) with 300 L tank/10
Bar booster
system
fer fcutNc:
1 Fire Fighting booster according with NFPA (4)
NJC 1-65250 (45kW) + CR4-160/14 (3kW)
DenNncr nNo Wnstrwntre:
2 GRUNDFOS AP 12.40.08.3, 0.8 kW wastewater
pumps
6 GRUNDFOS AP 80.80.190 VF, 19kW wastewater
pumps
Wntre Cnmrs:
1 GRUNDFOS TPE 100-120, 2.2 kW In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS TPE 80-120, 1.5 kW In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS LME 80-160/162, 1.5kW In-Line pump
5rnwntre rumrNc svstrm roe tur swmmNc roots:
2 GRUNDFOS SV044CHP-1 R, 4.2 kW
Ae coNotoNNc:
1 GRUNDFOS LP 100-125/121 (4.0kW) In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS LP 100-125/130 (5.5kW) In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS LP 100-125/137 (7.5kW) In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS CLM 125 (4kW) In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS LMD 100-200/187 (2.2kW) In-Line
pump
1 GRUNDFOS LPD 80-125/124 (3kW) In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS LPD 100-160/136 (5.5kW) In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS LPD 125-125/125 (5.5kW) In-Line pump
1 GRUNDFOS LPD 125-125/134 (7.5kW) In-Line pump
Contractor
Soc. Constr. Abrantina
Installer
Imapo (water supply and wastewater)
Climade (HVAC)
Consulting Eng. Company
Cenor (water supply and waste water)
Engenheiros Associados (HVAC)
kovnt 5nvov
Hotel
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