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TheIntelligentBuilding:

SciFioraLEEDNecessity?
IraGoldschmidt,P.E.,LEED AP

GoldschmidtEngineeringSolutions,Inc.

WhatisanIntelligentBuilding?: SomeBasicThoughts
Asingleproductorsystemdoesnotan intelligentbuildingmake.
Avarietyofproductsandfunctionsmustbeuniquely engineeredforagivenbuilding.

Thereisnolitmustestoffunctionsthata buildingmustperformtobeintelligent.
Anysetofintelligentbuildingtechnologiescanmake abuildingintelligentintheeyeofthebeholder.

Intelligentbuildingtechnologydoesnotmakea LEEDbuildingitmakesaLEEDbuilding better!


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TheIntelligentBuilding: OnePersonsDefinition
Acollectionofcomputerizedsystems(theTechnology)that utilize:
Structured(shared/organized)cabling Ethernet/IPcommunications(intranetsandtheInternet) Datasharingbetweendisparatesystems Optimizationsoftwareand/orartificialintelligence

Toprovidefunctions(theProcesses)thatyieldsignificant improvements(abovethatoftheaveragebuilding)in:
Energyefficiency Buildingmanagement/operationsefficiency Occupantproductivityandsafety

NOTESustainabilityisanindirectresult

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TheIntelligentBuildingPicture

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TheIntelligentBuilding: TheStoryBehindtheDefinition
Dontthinkitsjustabetterbuildingautomationsystem (akatemperaturecontrol)! TheTechnologiesmustintegratelowvoltagebuilding systemsandbusinessenterprisesystemstoprovide usefulfunctions(Processes). Anintelligentbuildingcanonlybeachievedthrough moreintelligentbuildingdesignandconstruction. LEEDisthemostcomprehensiveprogramfor transformingthebuildingmarketintoonewhich encouragesintelligentbuildingsanddesign! BUTthereareothermarketforces/trendsthatcould contributetooroutpaceLEEDsinfluence.
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TheIntelligentBuilding: TheConclusiontotheDefinition
Anintelligentbuildingisnotthesole provinceoftheMEPEngineers. TheOwner/DeveloperandArchitectmust beanactiveproponentandparticipantin thegoalofdesigningandbuildingand intelligentbuilding. OnceagainsoundslikeaLEEDbuilding!

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TheTechnologies
LowVoltageBuildingSystems:
BuildingAutomation(akaEMS,DDC,TC) LightingControl FireAlarm Security Telephone/Data
and/or DataSharingProtocolsBACnet LONMark UtilizingacommonstructuredIPcabling system

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MoreontheTechnologies
Middleware
MaintenanceManagement FacilityDiagnosticsandOptimization EnergyTracking&UtilityPriceControl

EnterpriseSystems
Accounting HotelCheckin HospitalPatientStatusInformation Tenantwebsite

IPdatasharingusingXML(andprobably BACnet/XMLoroBIX)
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ExamplesofFunctions: LowerLevelsofIntelligence
Advancedtemperaturecontrolstrategies
Centralplantoptimizationbasedonrealtimeenergy usage Airhandlingcapacitybasedonload Adaptivelooptuning

Demandcontrolledventilation(CO 2control) Lightingcontrolbasedonoccupancyschedulein BAS Singleseatinterfacetoalllowvoltagesystems

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SingleSeatInterface?

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ExamplesofFunctions: HigherLevelsofIntelligence
HotelHVACcontrolbasedoncheckinstatusand occupancysensing Occupancysensorsinconferenceroomsforlighting controlandtosetHVACtounoccupiedwhenunused BuildingmaintenancebasedonBASruntime,vibration sensors,andfacilitydiagnosticsmiddleware EquipmentmaintenanceusingRFIDandhandheld internetdevice Tenantwebsiteforafterhoursoccupancy,maintenance requests,etc. SecuritysensorsalsousedforlightingandHVACcontrol Buildingcontrolbasedonrealtimeutilitypricingand utilitycapacity
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NowforabitofBadNews
Itismoredifficulttodesign/specifyintelligent buildingtechnologiesduetothecurrentpractice ofconstructionprojectbidding HopefullyLEEDstransformationofthebuilding industrywillincludethatneededtosolvethe abovethroughencouraging:
Aseparatelowvoltagesystemdesignspecialty(to alsodesignIT,data,telephone,etc.)
ACLAconsultant

Thecreationofasystemsintegratorcontractor.

Agraphicmighthelp
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TheIntelligentBuilding BidDayDilemma
Thesearethelowbidintelligentbuildingsystemproviders:

Willthiscombinationworkasspecified/intendedand withoutadditionalcost?
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LEEDNC IntelligentBuildingIdeas (updatedforver.2.2)

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NC:SustainableSites
Credit4.3AlternativeTransportation: Internetconnectionfromalternativefueling stationtofuelprovider MonitorfuelingstationviaBASforleak detectionandusage IntegratefuelingstationtoSecuritysystemfor accessingfuelandsharebillinginformationwith propertymanagementaccountingsystem.
Thatsabuildingshowingintelligence!
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NC:WaterEfficiency
InGeneral:
UsetheBASw/flowmeters,soilmoisturesensors,internet availableweatherdata,andFacilityDiagnosticsmiddleware(or commonsense)toensurethatsystemsareoperatingas expected.

UseBAStocontrolirrigation,rainwaterreclamationand graywatersystemstoprovideSingleseatoperation. Usingrainwater/graywaterascoolingtowermakeup watertohelpmeetWECredit3(potablewateruse reduction)wouldbesignofgreaterBuilding Intelligence.

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NC:Energy&Atmosphere
AnintelligentlydesignedBASisavitaltool involvedinpossibly12pointsinthiscategory. Prerequisite1WithoutawelldesignedBAS, commissioningismoredifficult. Credit1OptimizeEnergyPerformance(10points):
Intelligentbuildingtechnologycanbetheicingonthecakefor HVAC,DHW&lightingenergysavings. However,gettingthepointsissomewhathinderedbycomputer simulation(e.g.,DOE2)controlsmodelinglimitations

Credit5MeasurementandVerification
Permanentmonitoring(e.g.byaBAS)isnotrequiredbutisthat theintelligentbuildingapproach? IfyouanticipateEB.

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NC:Materials&Resources

AnyIdeas?

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NC:IndoorEQ
Credit1(nowcalledOutdoorAirDelivery Monitoring)iswhereDemandControlled Ventilationisinferred(HUH?) Credit6.1(ControllabilityofSystemsLighting)
Alightingcontrolsystemwouldprovidethisandcontributesubstantially toEACredit2(EnergyPerformance)

Credit6.2(ControllabilityofSystemsThermalComfort)
Requiresahighlevelofoccupantcontroloverlighting,heating/cooling and/orventilation(incl.operablewindows) Anintelligentbuildingfuturemightprovideanintegratedoccupant interface(perhapsviaawebsite)toreducethecostofthisrequirement Howdoesthisimpactbuildingenergyusage?

Credit8(Daylighting)definitelyencouragesintelligentbuilding controlandcanbemademoreintelligentwith:
Automatedblinds Automaticallyadjustinglightshelves/reflectorsandlightpipingsystems

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LEEDEB IntelligentBuilding Opportunities

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LEEDEB
TheopportunitiesaresimilartoNC,BUT ThemajoradvantageofEBisthattheEA EnergyPerformancecreditusesENERGY STAR thisrecognizesanyinnovativecontrol strategythattrulysavesenergy(vs.onlythose thatcanbemodeledbycomputersimulation) EACredits3.3and5,andEQ7.2essentially requirestheBAStoprovidemonitoringandM&V ofsystemsoperation
LOTSofmonitoringpoints:temperatures,CO ,all 2 utilitymeters,VFDoperation,chiller/boilerefficiency, etc.) Facilitydiagnosticsmiddlewarecanperhapsbeused toanalyzethisdataoverload
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LEEDCI
LEEDCIisinmanywaysasubsetofNC withsomeEBcreditsadded Sotheintelligentbuildingopportunitiesare largelyacompositeofNC&EB:Daylighting,
UseofaBASformonitoringandM&V, Demandcontrolledventilation,Occupant control. Someuniqueopportunities
EA1.3OptionArequiresAppropriatezoningof terminalHVACequipment
Thiswillallowintelligentcontrolbemorereadilyappliedat thezonelevel

Tenantsubmeteringofenergyuse
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InnovationinDesign: IntelligentBuildingOpportunities
Techniquesdiscussedabovethatarenotnecessaryfor attainingthecreditareuntappedopportunitiesforinnovation
Manyhavenotbeenusedforthispurpose

Demandlimitingisnotcoveredbyanycreditsbutispopular forinnovationcredits
Truebuildingintelligencewouldinvolvedemandlimitingthrough realtimeutilitycommunications

Energysavingcontrolstrategiesthatcannotbeadequately modeledbycomputersimulation(NC) Whataboutarguingthatstructuredwiringand/orwireless devicesisgreendesign(e.g.,resourceconservation)? HowaboutdefininginnovativerolesforaCLAconsultant and/orSystemsIntegratorcontractor?


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ClosingRemarks:WillLEEDProvide MoreIncentiveforIntelligentBuildings?
LEEDEBreallyrewardstheuseofintelligentbuilding technology,butcanthecostsbejustified? UnfortunatelyLEEDNCprovideslessincentivefor intelligentbuildingtechnology
Newconstructionisthebesttimetomakeabuildingintelligent Newconstructionisalsothemostchallengingparadigmfor intelligentbuildingtechnology

LEEDwillspurthedevelopmentofmorecosteffective monitoringdevices(e.g.,combinedtemperature, occupancyandCO 2sensors),BUT

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FinalQuestion:WillLEEDRecognize MoreIntelligentBuildingTechnology?
WillLEEDNCrequiretheuseofpermanentmonitoring forachievingtheM&Vcredit? Structuredwiringandwirelesssensingisagreataddition tothesustainabilitysuiteofLEEDitshouldbe encouraged. Willinteroperabilitywithenterprisesystemsbecomean explicitpartofLEED(e.g.,w/hotelcheckin,preventive maintenance,etc.systems) Willitencouragetheuseoftheinternettoprovide occupantsmorecontrol? WillLEEDand/orthebuildingindustryrecognizethat intelligentbuildingdesignisaspecialtyand encouragetheuseofqualifiedconsultantsand empoweredsubcontractorsfortheexecution?

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THANKYOU!
Questions?
IraGoldschmidt,P.E.,LEED AP

GoldschmidtEngineeringSolutions,Inc. ira.goldschmidt@comcast.net