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Human Behavior Organizations

-Organizational Behavior is the study of individuals and their behavior within the context of the organization in a workplace setting. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication and management. -Organizational Behavior Unit creates and disseminates knowledge that advances the understanding of how to lead and manage with the aim of increasing personal and organizational effectiveness.
-a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within an organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization's effectiveness.[1] It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication, and management; and it complements the academic studies of organizational theory (which is focused on organizational and intra-organizational topics) and human resource studies (which is more applied and business-oriented). It may also be referred to as organizational studies or organizational science -focuses squarely on the organizational changes and challenges arising from today's increasingly global and more competitive economy. -Organizational studies departments generally form part of business schools, although many universities also have industrial psychology and industrial economics programs. -1. The emphasis will be on employee productivity, reduce absenteeism, and turnover. 2. Organizational citizenshipa fourth type of behavior becoming important in determining employee performance. 3. Attitudes are evaluative statementsfavorable or unfavorableconcerning objects, people, or events. 4. An attitude is made-up of three components: cognition, affect, and behavior. 5. The cognitive component consists of a persons beliefs, opinions, knowledge, and information held by a person. 6. The affective component of an attitude is the emotional, or feeling, segment of an attitude. 7. The behavioral component of an attitude refers to an intention to behave in a certain way. 8. The three most important job-related attitudes are job satisfaction, job involvement, and organizational commitment.

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What is organizational behavior ?

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What are the goals of organizational behavior ?

3. Set of forces that affects the nature of organization ?

Organizational Behavior - Is the systematic study and careful application of knowledge about how people as individuals and as groups act within the organizations. - It strives to identify ways in which people can act more effectively. - It is a scientific discipline in which a large number of research studies and conceptual developments are constantly adding to its knowledge base. Five levels of analysis Individuals - It helps managers look at the behavior of individuals within an organization. Interpersonal Relations - It aids their understanding of the complexities involved in interpersonal relations, when two people interact. Groups - Organizational behavior is valuable for examining the dynamics of relationships within small groups. Intergroup Relations - Two or more groups need to coordinate their efforts, such as engineering and sales, managers become interested in the intergroup relations that emerge. As whole systems - Organizations can be viewed as whole systems that have inter organizational relationships. Goals of Organizational Behavior

Describe - How people behave under a variety of conditions - Achieving this goal allows manager to communicate about human behavior at work using a common language. Understand - Why people behave as they do. - Inquisitive managers learn to probe for underlying explanations. Predict - Future employee behavior is another goal of organizational behavior. - Managers would have the capacity to predict which employee might be dedicated and productive or which ones might be absent, tardy, or disruptive on a certain day. Control Human behavior at work - Develop some human activity at work.