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Enhanced Uplink Dedicated Channel (EDCH) High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)

EDCH Background & Basics Channels/ UTRAN Architecture Principles: scheduling, handover Performance Results

Background

E-DCH is a Rel-6 feature with following targets Improve coverage and throughput, and reduce delay of the uplink dedicated transport channels Priority given to services such as streaming, interactive and background services, conversational (e.g. VoIP) also to be considered Full mobility support with optimizing for low/ medium speed Simple implementation Special focus on co-working with HSDPA

Standardization started in September 2002 Study item completed in February 2004 Stage II/ III started in September/ December 2004 Release 6 frozen in December 2005/ March 2006 Various improvements have been introduced in Rel-7 & Rel-8

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

2

E-DCH Basics

E-DCH is a modification of DCH – Not a shared channel, such as HSDPA in the downlink !!

PHY taken from R99 Turbo coding and BPSK modulation Power Control 10 msec/ 2 msec TTI Spreading on separate OVSF code, i.e. code mux with existing PHY channels

MAC similarities to HSDPA Fast scheduling Stop and Wait HARQ: but synchronous

New principles Intra Node B “softer” and Inter Node B “soft” HO should be supported for the E-DCH with HARQ Scheduling distributed between UE and NodeB

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

3

E-DCH Scheduling

UE NodeB Scheduling information UE detects data in buffer Scheduling grant Scheduler takes UE for
UE
NodeB
Scheduling information
UE detects
data in buffer
Scheduling grant
Scheduler
takes UE for
scheduling
DATA
Scheduling grant
Scheduling grant
Scheduling information

UE sends scheduling information

MAC-e signaling On E-DPCCH: “happy bit”

MAC-e signaling On E-DPCCH: “happy bit”

NodeB allocates the resources

Absolute/ relative scheduling grants Algorithms left open from standards

Depending on the received grants, UE decides on transmission

Maintains allocated resources by means of internal serving grants

Selects at each TTI amount of E-DCH data to transmit

Algorithms fully specified by UMTS standard

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

4

UMTS Channels with E-DCH

Cell 1 Cell 2 = Serving E-DCH cell
Cell 1
Cell 2
= Serving
E-DCH cell

UE

Rel-6 E-DCH (in SHO)

UL PS service (DTCH) UL Signalling (DCCH)

R99 DCH (in SHO) UL/DL signalling (DCCH) UL/DL CS voice/ data Rel-5 HS-DSCH (not shown) DL PS service (DTCH) DL signalling (Rel-6, DCCH)

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

5

E-DCH Channels

E-DPDCH

 

Carries the data traffic

Variable SF = 256 … 2

UE supports up to 4 E-DPDCH E-DPCCH

Contains the configuration as used on E-DPDCH

Fixed SF = 256

E-RGCH/ E-HICH E-HICH carries the HARQ acknowledgements

E-RGCH carries the relative scheduling grants

Fixed SF = 128

Up to 40 users multiplexed onto the same channel by using specific signatures E-AGCH Carries the absolute scheduling grants

Fixed SF = 256

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

6

Timing Relation (UL)

Downlink DPCH

Uplink DPCCH

E-DPDCH/

E-DPCCH

CFN

CFN
CFN
CFN
CFN

0.4 T slot (1024 chips) 148chips

CFN+1

15 T slot (10 msec) CFN 10 msec Subframe #0 Subframe #1 Subframe #2 Subframe
15 T slot (10 msec)
CFN
10 msec
Subframe #0
Subframe #1
Subframe #2
Subframe #3
Subframe #4
3 T slot (2 msec)
Subframe #2 Subframe #3 Subframe #4 3 T slot (2 msec) 10 msec TTI 2msec TTI

10 msec TTI

2msec TTI

E-DPDCH/ E-DPCCH time-aligned to UL DPCCH

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

7

HSUPA UE Categories

E-DCH

Max. num.

Min SF

EDCH TTI

Maximum MAC-e TB size

Theoretical maximum PHY data rate (Mbit/s)

Category

Codes

Category 1

1

SF4

10

msec

7110

0.71

Category 2

2

SF4

10

msec/

14484/

1.45/

2

msec

2798

1.4

Category 3

2

SF4

10

msec

14484

1.45

Category 4

2

SF2

10

msec/

20000/

2.0/

2

msec

5772

2.89

Category 5

2

SF2

10

msec

20000

2.0

Category 6

4

SF2

10

msec/

20000/

2.0/

2

msec

11484

5.74

Category 7

4

SF2

10

msec/

20000/

2.0/

(Rel.7)

2

msec

22996

11.5

When 4 codes are transmitted, 2 codes are transmitted with SF2 and 2 with SF4 UE Category 7 supports 16QAM

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

8

E-DCH UTRAN Architecture

Evolution from Rel-5

• E-DCH functionality is intended for transport of dedicated logical channels (DTCH/ DCCH)

E-DCH in Rel-6

• Additions in RRC to configure E-DCH

• RLC unchanged (UM & AM)

• New MAC-es entity with link to MAC-d

• New MAC-e entity located in the Node B

• MAC-e entities from multiple NodeB may serve one UE (soft HO)

SRNC RRC PDCP RLC DCCH Logical Channels DTCH BCCH MAC-es MAC-d MAC-d MAC-d DCH flows
SRNC
RRC
PDCP
RLC
DCCH
Logical Channels
DTCH
BCCH
MAC-es
MAC-d
MAC-d
MAC-d
DCH
flows
flows

w/o MAC-c/sh

CRNC

Upper phy
Upper phy
w/o MAC-c/sh CRNC Upper phy MAC-c/sh

MAC-c/sh

NodeB MAC-e MAC-hs MAC-b DSCH Transport Channels EDCH HS-DSCH FACH BCH
NodeB
MAC-e
MAC-hs
MAC-b
DSCH
Transport Channels
EDCH
HS-DSCH
FACH
BCH

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

9

MAC-e/es in UE

To MAC-d MAC – Control MAC-es/e E-TFC Selection Multiplexing HARQ Associated Scheduling Downlink Signalling
To MAC-d
MAC – Control
MAC-es/e
E-TFC Selection
Multiplexing
HARQ
Associated Scheduling
Downlink Signalling
(E-AGCH / E-RGCH(s))
UL data
(E-DPDCH)
Associated ACK/NACK
signaling
(E-HICH)
Associated Uplink Signalling:
E-TFCI, RSN, happy bit
(E-DPCCH)

Cf. 25.309

MAC-e/es Functions Priority handling Per logical channel

Multiplexing MAC-d flow concept Mux of data from multiple MAC-d flows into single MAC-e PDU

Scheduling Maintain scheduling grant E-TFC selection HARQ handling

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

10

MAC-e in NodeB

MAC-d Flows UE #N UE #2 MAC – Control UE #1 E-DCH De-multiplexing Control E-DCH
MAC-d Flows
UE #N
UE #2
MAC – Control
UE #1
E-DCH
De-multiplexing
Control
E-DCH
Scheduling
HARQ entity
MAC-e
E-DCH
Associated
Associated
Common RG
Uplink
Downlink
Cf. 25.309
Signalling
Signalling

MAC-e Functions Per user HARQ handling:

ACK/ NACK generation De-multiplexing E-DCH control:

Rx/ Tx control signals

E-DCH scheduling for all users Assign resources

(scheduling grants)

Iub overload control

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

11

MAC-es in SRNC

To MAC-d MAC-es MAC – Control Disassembly Disassembly Disassembly Reordering/ Reordering/ Reordering/ Combining
To MAC-d
MAC-es
MAC – Control
Disassembly
Disassembly
Disassembly
Reordering/
Reordering/
Reordering/
Combining
Combining
Combining
Reordering Queue
Distribution
Reordering Queue
Distribution
MAC-d flow #1
MAC-d flow #n
From
From
MAC-e in
MAC-e in
Cf. 25.309
NodeB #1
NodeB #k

MAC-es Functions

Queue distribution

Reordering

Per logical channel

In-sequence delivery

Macro-diversity combining:

 

frame selection

Disassembly

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

12

Data Flow through Layer 2

RLC RLC PDU: Header DATA MAC-d MAC-d PDU: DATA MAC-e/es MAC-es PDU: TSN DATA DATA
RLC
RLC PDU:
Header
DATA
MAC-d
MAC-d PDU:
DATA
MAC-e/es
MAC-es PDU:
TSN
DATA
DATA
MAC-d PDU: DATA MAC-e/es MAC-es PDU: TSN DATA DATA DDI DATA Padding (Opt) DDI N DDI

DDI

DATA Padding (Opt)
DATA
Padding
(Opt)
MAC-es PDU: TSN DATA DATA DDI DATA Padding (Opt) DDI N DDI N DATA MAC-es PDU
DDI N DDI N
DDI
N
DDI
N

DATA

MAC-es PDU

MAC-e header MAC-e PDU:
MAC-e header
MAC-e PDU:

PHY

DDI N DDI N DATA MAC-es PDU MAC-e header MAC-e PDU: PHY DATA DDI: Data Description
DDI N DDI N DATA MAC-es PDU MAC-e header MAC-e PDU: PHY DATA DDI: Data Description

DATA

DDI: Data Description Indicator (6bit)

MAC-d PDU size

Log. Channel ID

Mac-d flow ID

N: Number of MAC-d PDUs

(6bit)

TSN: Transmission Sequence Number (6bit)

UMTS Networks

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Nov. 2011

13

Hybrid ARQ Operation

N-channel parallel HARQ with stop-and-wait protocol Number of HARQ processes N to allow uninterrupted E-DCH transmission 10 msec TTI: 4 2 msec TTI: 8 Synchronous retransmissions Retransmission of a MAC-e PDU follows its previous HARQ (re)transmission after N TTI = 1 RTT Incremental Redundancy via rate matching Max. # HARQ retransmissions specified in HARQ profile

Incremental Redundancy via rate matching Max. # HARQ retransmissions specified in H A R Q p
Incremental Redundancy via rate matching Max. # HARQ retransmissions specified in H A R Q p

ACK

NACK ACK
NACK
ACK

NACK

in H A R Q p r o f i l e ACK NACK ACK NACK

New Tx 1

New Tx 1 New Tx 2 New Tx 3 New Tx 4 Re-Tx 1 New Tx
New Tx 1 New Tx 2 New Tx 3 New Tx 4 Re-Tx 1 New Tx

New Tx 2

New Tx 3

New Tx 4

Re-Tx 1

New Tx 2

Re-Tx 3

New Tx 4

Re-Tx 1

Re-Tx 2

New Tx 2 Re-Tx 3 New Tx 4 Re-Tx 1 Re-Tx 2 NACK NACK U M
New Tx 2 Re-Tx 3 New Tx 4 Re-Tx 1 Re-Tx 2 NACK NACK U M

NACK

2 Re-Tx 3 New Tx 4 Re-Tx 1 Re-Tx 2 NACK NACK U M T S
2 Re-Tx 3 New Tx 4 Re-Tx 1 Re-Tx 2 NACK NACK U M T S
2 Re-Tx 3 New Tx 4 Re-Tx 1 Re-Tx 2 NACK NACK U M T S

NACK

UMTS Networks

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Nov. 2011

14

E-DCH UE Scheduling

UE maintains internal serving grant SG SG are quantized Maximum E-DPDCH/ DPCCH power ratio (TPR), which are defined by 3GPP Reception of absolute grant: SG = AG No transmission: SG = “Zero_Grant” Reception of relative grants: increment/ decrement index of SG in the SG table AG and RG from serving RLS can be activated for specific HARQ processes for 2msec TTI UE selects E-TFC at each TTI Allocates the E-TFC according to the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels

the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels
the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels
the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels
the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels
the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels
the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels
the given restrictions Serving grant SG UE transmit power Provides priority between the different logical channels

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

15

Scheduling Grant Table

Index

Scheduled

 

Grant

37

(168/15) 2 *6

36

(150/15) 2 *6

35

(168/15) 2 *4

34

(150/15) 2 *4

33

(134/15) 2 *4

32

(119/15) 2 *4

31

(150/15) 2 *2

30

(95/15) 2 *4

29

(168/15) 2

 

14

(30/15)

2

13

(27/15) 2

12

(24/15)

2

11

(21/15) 2

10

(19/15)

2

9

(17/15)

2

8

(15/15) 2

7

(13/15)

2

6

(12/15) 2

5

(11/15)

2

4

 

(9/15)

2

3

 

(8/15)

2

2

 

(7/15) 2

1

 

(6/15)

2

0

 

(5/15) 2

Scheduling grants are max. E-DPDCH/ DPCCH power ratio (TPR – traffic to pilot ratio) Power Ratio is related to UE data rate

Relative Grants SG moves up/ down when RG = UP/ DOWN

Absolute Grants SG jumps to entry for AG 2 reserved values for ZERO_GRANT/ INACTIVE

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

16

Timing Relation for Scheduling Grants

Scheduling decision E-RGCH E-AGCH 1 2 3 4 1 2
Scheduling
decision
E-RGCH
E-AGCH
1
2
3
4
1 2

HARQ process

number

Load

estimation, etc

1 2 3 4 1 2 HARQ process number Load estimation, etc E-DCH 3 AG applied

E-DCH

3

3 4 1 2 HARQ process number Load estimation, etc E-DCH 3 AG applied to this
3 4 1 2 HARQ process number Load estimation, etc E-DCH 3 AG applied to this
3 4 1 2 HARQ process number Load estimation, etc E-DCH 3 AG applied to this
3 4 1 2 HARQ process number Load estimation, etc E-DCH 3 AG applied to this

AG applied to this HARQ process RG interpreted relative to the previous TTI in this HARQ process.

AG and RG associated with specific uplink E-DCH TTI, i.e. specific HARQ process

Association based on the timing of the E-AGCH and E-RGCH. Timing is tight enough that this relationship is un-ambiguous. Example: 10msec TTI

on the timing of the E-AGCH and E-RGCH. Timing is tight enough that this relationship is

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

17

Scheduling Information

Happy bit signaling One bit status flag send on E-DPCCH at each TTI Criterion for happy bit Set to “unhappy” if UE is able to send more data than given with existing serving grant Otherwise set to “happy” Scheduling Information Reporting Content of MAC-e report Provides more detailed information (log. channel, buffer status, UE power headroom) Will be sent less frequently (e.g. every 100 msec) Parameters adjusted by RRC (e.g. reporting intervals, channels to report)

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

18

HSUPA Scheduling

Radio resources UL Load (interference) QoS Parameters Throughput bounds Other constraints NodeB decoding capabilities
Radio resources
UL Load (interference)
QoS Parameters
Throughput bounds
Other constraints
NodeB decoding capabilities
Iub bandwidth limit
Feedback from UE
Scheduling Information
Reports
UE capabilities
EDCH NodeB Scheduler

Allocate (absolute/ relative) Scheduling Grants (max. allowed power offsets)

UE allocates transport formats according to the allocated grants

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

19

NodeB Load Scheduling Principle

UL Load UL Load target UE #m Serving E-DCH users UE #1 Non-serving E-DCH users
UL Load
UL Load
target
UE #m
Serving
E-DCH users
UE #1
Non-serving
E-DCH users
Non E-DCH

E-DCH scheduler constraint

Keep UL load within the limit

Scheduler controls:

E-DCH load portion of non-serving users from other cells

E-DCH resources of each serving user of own cell

Principles:

Rate vs. time scheduling

Dedicated control for serving users

Common control for non-serving users

Note: Scheduler cannot exploit fast fading !

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

20

E-DCH Scheduling Options

Rate Scheduling

UE2 UE1 rate
UE2
UE1
rate

time

Time Scheduling

UE1 UE3 UE3 UE2 UE1 rate
UE1
UE3
UE3
UE2
UE1
rate

time

UEs are continuously active

Data rate is incremental increased/

decreased by relative scheduling grants

No synch between UEs required

Load variations can be kept low

For low to medium data rates

UEs are switched on/ off by absolute scheduling grants UEs should be in synch Load variations might be large For (verry) high data rates

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

21

Non-scheduled Mode

Configured by the SRNC

UE is allowed to send E-DCH data at any time

Signaling overhead and scheduling delay are minimized

Support of QoS traffic on E-DCH, e.g. VoIP & SRB

Characteristics

Resource given by SRNC:

Non-scheduled Grant = max. # of bits that can be included in a MAC-e PDU

UTRAN can reserve HARQ processes for non-scheduled transmission

Non-scheduled transmissions defined per MAC-d flow

Multiple non-scheduled MAC-d flows may be configured in parallel

One specific non-scheduled MAC-d flow can only transmit up to the non- scheduled grant configured for that MAC-d flow

Scheduled grants will be considered on top of non-scheduled transmissions

Scheduled logical channels cannot use non-scheduled grant

Non-scheduled logical channels cannot transmit data using Scheduling Grant

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

22

E-DCH Operation in Soft Handover

scheduling grant HARQ ACK/ NACK scheduling grant HARQ ACK/ NACK UE NodeB 1 NodeB 2
scheduling grant
HARQ ACK/ NACK
scheduling grant
HARQ ACK/ NACK
UE
NodeB 1
NodeB 2

Macro-diversity operation on multiple NodeBs Softer handover combining in the same NodeB Soft handover combining in RNC (part of MAC-es) Independent MAC-e processing in both NodeBs HARQ handling rule: if at least one NodeB tells ACK, then ACK Scheduling rule: relative grants “DOWN” from any NodeB have precedence

if at least one NodeB tells ACK, then ACK Scheduling rule: relative grants “DOWN” from any

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

23

Mobility Handling

The UE uses soft handover for associated DCH as well as for E-DCH

Using existing triggers and procedures for the active set update (events 1A, 1B, 1C) E-DCH active set is equal or smaller than DCH active set

New event 1J: non-active E-DCH link becomes better than active one

The UE receives AG on E-AGCH from only one cell out of the E-DCH active set (serving E-DCH cell) E-DCH and HSDPA serving cell must be the same Hard Handover, i.e. change of serving E-DCH cell Using RRC procedures, which maybe triggered by event 1D

Could be also combined with Active Set Update

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

24

Mobility Procedures

SRNC MAC-es MAC-e MAC-e NodeB NodeB s Serving E-DCH radio link
SRNC
MAC-es
MAC-e
MAC-e
NodeB
NodeB
s
Serving
E-DCH
radio link
MAC-e MAC-e NodeB NodeB s Serving E-DCH radio link SRNC MAC-es MAC-e MAC-e NodeB NodeB t
SRNC MAC-es MAC-e MAC-e NodeB NodeB t Serving E-DCH radio link
SRNC
MAC-es
MAC-e
MAC-e
NodeB
NodeB
t
Serving
E-DCH
radio link

Inter-Node B serving E-DCH cell change within E-DCH active set Note: MAC-e still established in both NodeBs !

UMTS Networks

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Nov. 2011

25

Serving E-DCH Cell Change

SRNC Target serving Source serving UE = E-DCH cell E-DCH cell DRNC RL Reconfiguration Prepare
SRNC
Target serving
Source serving
UE
=
E-DCH cell
E-DCH cell
DRNC
RL Reconfiguration Prepare
Serving E-DCH cell
change decision
i.e. event 1D
RL Reconfiguration Ready
RL Reconfiguration Prepare
If new NodeB
RL Reconfiguration Ready
Synchronous
Reconfiguration
RL Reconfiguration Commit
with T activation
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration
RL Reconfiguration Commit
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete
UE receives now
AG & dedicated RG
from target cell
Handover of E-DCH scheduler control
Handover of HS-DSCH serving cell
No changes in UL transport bearer
No MAC-es RESET
DL transport bearer setup
MAC-hs RESET

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

26

E-DCH RRM Principle

UL Load UL Load target Serving E-DCH users Non-serving E-DCH users Non E-DCH load portion
UL Load
UL Load
target
Serving
E-DCH users
Non-serving
E-DCH users
Non E-DCH
load portion
Non E-DCH

E-DCH resources controlled by UL load target E-DCH non-serving load portion

NodeB schedules E-DCH users according to RNC settings Priority for non E-DCH traffic

RNC still controls non E-DCH load portion By means of e.g. admission/ congestion control Based on an estimate of non- EDCH load

UMTS Networks

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Nov. 2011

27

User Throughput vs. Aggregate Cell Throughput

10ms TTI, unlimited CE dec. rate 2ms TTI, next release 1200 1 #UEs/cell 2 1000
10ms TTI, unlimited CE dec. rate
2ms TTI, next release
1200
1
#UEs/cell
2
1000
3
800
4
600
5
6
400
7
8
200
9
10
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
User Throughput [kbps]

Aggregated Cell Throughput [kbps]

36 cells network

UMTS composite channel model

FTP traffic model (2 Mbyte upload, 30 seconds thinking

time)

Maximum cell throughput reached for about 7…8 UEs per cell

Cell throughput drops if #UEs

increases further since the associated signaling channel consume UL resources too

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

28

Single User Performance

2ms, 1Tx 10ms, 1Tx 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 AWGN PedA3 PedA30
2ms, 1Tx
10ms, 1Tx
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
AWGN
PedA3
PedA30
VehA30
VehA120
Average User Throughput [kbps]

Scenario

Average user throughput (RLC layer) for different channel profiles

1 UE in the network

1 target HARQ transmission

For AWGN channel conditions:

10ms TTI: up to 1.7 Mbps (near theoretical limit of 1.88 Mbps)

2ms TTI: up to 3 Mbps (below theoretical limit 5.44 Mbps)

E.g. due to restrictions from RLC layer (window size, PDU size)

UMTS Networks

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Nov. 2011

29

E-DCH Summary

New uplink transmission concept

Optimized for interactive, background and streaming, support of conversational Full support of mobility with optimizing for low/ medium speed Improved PHY approach

New UL transport channel: E-DCH Additional signalling channels to support HARQ and E-DCH scheduling MAC-e/es entity located in NodeB/ SRNC

Distributed E-DCH scheduling between UE and NodeB E-DCH supports soft/ softer HO Radio Resource Control procedures similar to HSDPA

E-DCH Resource Management

Cumulated resources managed by Controlling-RNC Re-use of principles for DCH control (handover, state transition) Significant improved performance

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

30

References

Papers

A. Ghosh et al: “Overview of Enhanced Uplink for 3GPP W-CDMA,” Proc. IEEE VTC ’04/ Milan, vol. 4, pp. 2261–2265

A. Toskala et al: “High-speed Uplink Packet Access,” Chapter 13 in Holma/ Toskala: WCDMA for UMTS, Wiley 2010

H. Holma/ A. Toskala (Ed.): “HSDPA/ HSUPA for UMTS,” Wiley 2006

Standards

TS 25.xxx series: RAN Aspects

TR 25.896: “Feasibility Study for Enhanced Uplink for UTRA FDD”

TR 25.808: “FDD Enhanced Uplink; Physical Layer Aspects”

TR 25.309/ 25.319 (Rel.7 onwards): “Enhanced Uplink: Overall Description (Stage 2)”

UMTS Networks

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Nov. 2011

31

Abbreviations

ACK

(positive) Acknowledgement

AG

Absolute Grant

AM

Acknowledged (RLC) Mode

AMC

Adaptive Modulation & Coding

BO

Buffer Occupancy

CAC

Call Admission Control

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access

DBC

Dynamic Bearer Control

DCH

Dedicated Channel

DDI

Data Description Indicator

DPCCH

Dedicated Physical Control Channel

E-AGCH

E-DCH Absolute Grant Channel

E-DCH

Enhanced (uplink) Dedicated Channel

E-HICH

E-DCH HARQ Acknowledgement

Indicator

Channel

E-RGCH

E-DCH Relative Grant Channel

E-TFC

E-DCH Transport Format Combination

FDD

Frequency Division Duplex

FEC

Forward Error Correction

FIFO

First In First Out

FP

Framing Protocol

GoS

Grade of Service

HARQ

Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request

IE

Information Element

MAC-d

dedicated Medium Access Control

MAC-e/es

E-DCH Medium Access Control

Mux

NACK

NBAP

OVSF

PDU

PHY

PO

QoS

QPSK

RB

RG

RL

RLC

RLS

RRC

RRM

RV

SDU

SF

SG

SI

TNL

TPR

TTI

UM

Multiplexing Negative Acknowledgement NodeB Application Part Orthogonal Variable SF (code) Protocol Data Unit Physical Layer Power Offset Quality of Service Quadrature Phase Shift Keying Radio Bearer Relative Grant Radio Link Radio Link Control Radio Link Set Radio Resource Control Radio Resource Management Redundancy Version Service Data Unit Spreading Factor Serving Grant Scheduling Information Transport Network Layer Traffic to Pilot Ratio Transmission Time Interval Unacknowledged (RLC) Mode

UMTS Networks

Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim

Nov. 2011

32