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KS3 Science Homework Pack 2

Homework 7

Classifying materials 7: Separation methods


1

Read the sentences below:


When copper sulphate is dissolved in water in a beaker, a bright blue liquid or
solution is formed. If copper sulphate is added until no more will dissolve, a
saturated solution is formed. Some blue crystals will remain at the bottom of
the beaker.

Choose words from the sentences above to answer the following questions.
i

What was the solvent used?...................................................................... (1)

ii

What was the solute used? ...................................................................... (1)

iii

What has happened to the copper sulphate? ............................................ (1)

What would you call the bright blue liquid? ............................................... (1)

ii

What would you call the liquid at the end of the experiment?

............................................................................................................................ (1)
2

Below are drawings of apparatus you could use to separate some mixtures.
Put in the table the letter of the apparatus you would choose to do each job.

Job

,
,
,,
,,

Apparatus

Separating vegetable oil and water


Separating the colours in a blot of ink
Separating some iron nails from sand
Getting salt from a solution of salty water
Getting water from a solution of ink
Getting sand from a mixture of sand and water

Pearson Publishing, Chesterton Mill, Frenchs Road, Cambridge CB4 3NP

(6)

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KS3 Science Homework Pack 2

Homework 7 (continued)

Four methods of separating substances are shown below. By using a ruled line
show which substances they can be used to separate:
(4)
Distillation

Sand and salt water and collect both

Filtration

Sugar and water and collect sugar only

Chromatography

Soluble ink and water and collect both

Evaporation

Soluble coloured inks

A student used chromatography to find out which colourings were used in her
favourite sweets. The diagrams show some of her results:

Yellow
sweet

Red
sweet

Purple
sweet

Green
sweet

Orange
sweet

Give the colour of a sweet which contains only one colouring. .......................... (1)

Name two sweets which contain one of the same colouring. ............................ (1)

Fill in the results you would expect for the orange sweet.

Which liquid would be used to separate these colourings? ............................... (1)

The apparatus in the diagram is used


to obtain pure water from impure water.

What temperature would the


thermometer show?
.................................................... (1)

(2)

Thermometer

Impure
water

What is the function of the piece of


apparatus labelled A?

Cold water
from tap
Liquid C

.................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ (1)
c

What is the name of the apparatus labelled A? .................................................. (1)

What is liquid C? ................................................................................................. (1)

Give the name of the process which purifies water in this way.
............................................................................................................................ (1)
Total marks = 25

Pearson Publishing, Chesterton Mill, Frenchs Road, Cambridge CB4 3NP

15

KS3 Science Homework Pack 2

Homework 8

Classifying materials 8: Metals and non-metals


1

Fill in the table below by ticking to show which properties are typical of metals
and which of non-metals:
Property

Metal

Non-metal

Shiny
Conducts heat well
Conducts electricity well
Feels cold
Feels warm
Brittle
Dents when hit
Dense
Less dense
Oxide is acidic
Oxide is basic
Oxide is solid
Oxide is gas or liquid
(13)
2

Here are some uses of materials. For each one, say if a named metal must be
used, or a named non-metal or if either would be suitable. Explain your answer
in each case.

tent pole
.................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................

electrical power line


.................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................

electrical cable insulation


.................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................

bike frame
.................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................ (8)

Pearson Publishing, Chesterton Mill, Frenchs Road, Cambridge CB4 3NP

16

KS3 Science Homework Pack 2

Homework 8 (continued)

Different elements have different properties, some of which are shown below:

Electrical insulator

Good thermal conductor

Poor thermal conductor

Melting point above room temperature

Good electrical conductor

Magnetic

Boiling point -153C

Melting point 3422C

Magnesium is a metal. Give two properties of magnesium from the list above. (2)
1 ...............................................................................................................................
2 ...............................................................................................................................

Krypton is a gas used inside a light bulb. Give two properties of krypton from the
list above which make it a good material to use.
(2)
1 ...............................................................................................................................
2 ...............................................................................................................................

Tungsten is used to make the filament inside a light bulb. Give two properties
from the list above which make it a good material to use.
(2)
1 ...............................................................................................................................
2 ...............................................................................................................................

The table below shows some of the properties of three different substances A,
B and C. Complete the last column on the table by stating whether the substance
is a metal, a non-metal or a compound:
(3)
Substance

Melting
point C

Electrical
conductivity

Solubility
in water

Effect of
heating in air

113

Very poor

Insoluble

Burns to form
one product
an acidic gas

962

Very good

Insoluble

Loses its shiny


surface

-182

Very poor

Almost
insoluble

Burns to form
two new
substances

Metal, non-metal
or compound

Rule a line to link the elements to show whether they are metals or non-metals
and another line to show one of their properties:
(5)
Element
Carbon
Mercury
Nickel
Sulphur
Copper

Metal or non-metal
Metal

Metal

Non-metal
Metal

Non-metal

Property
Magnetic
Very good conductor of heat
Brittle
Shiny liquid
Conductor of electricity
Total marks = 35

Pearson Publishing, Chesterton Mill, Frenchs Road, Cambridge CB4 3NP

17