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EF EXAM HIGH SCHOOL MATH CONTEST FALL 2006

1. What is the ratio of the area of a square that circumscribes a circle to the area of a square that inscribes the same circle?

2. Simplify the expression

log2 9

3. How many real numbers x satisfy |x4 4x2 6| |x4 4x2 + 14| ?

4. In the gure shown, OAB and ODC are sectors of two concentric circles centered at O. The length of OD is one third the length of OA . What is the ratio of the area of the region ABCD to the area of the sector OCD?

C O D A

5. What is the remainder when x2006 x2005 + (x + 1)2 is divided by x2 1 ?

6. What is the value of

log2 3 log4 5 log6 7 ? log4 3 log6 5 log8 7

7. Let S be the set of points (a, b) in the coordinate plane, where each of a and b may be 1 , 0 or 1 . How many distinct lines pass through at least two members of S ?

8. Suppose that is an associative operation on a set S . Dene xn to mean x x x x , n times. (So, for example, x3 = x x x .) Suppose further that an element a of S is such that all of a , a2 , . . . , a9 are dierent but a10 = a3 . Then there is some element b belonging to S such that b = b2 . One such element b is: (a) a4 (b) a5 (c) a7 (d) a9 (e) a13

9. If x + 3y + 5z = 200 and x + 4y + 7z = 225 , nd the value of x + y + z . 10. The gure below shows three views of the same numbered cube. One number actually occurs twice on the cube. Also, the number that appears twice is not on the bottom of any of the views. What number appears twice?
3 2 4 1 3 5 4 2 1

11. One gear turns 33 1 3 times a minute. Another gear turns 45 times a minute. Initially, a mark on each gear is pointing due north. After how many seconds will the two gears next have both their marks pointing due north? 12. The triangles ABC , CDE , EFG , GHI , IJK and KLM below are congruent to one another and similar to ANM . Whats the ratio of the area of ANM to ABC ?
N

13. If the number 86 in base 10 is represented as 321 in base b , then 123 in base b can be represented in base 10 by what number? 14. Let a1 = 1 and an+1 = (3an + 4)/(2an + 3) for n 1 (so a1 = 1 , a2 = 7/5 , a3 = 41/29 , . . .) . What value does an approach as n approaches innity? 15. Find the sum 1 1 1 1 + + + + . 12 23 34 99 100 Write your answer as a fraction in reduced form.

16. Find the minimum value of f () = 4 cos2 + cos 3 . 17. Points A and B are on the parabola y = 4x2 + 7x 1 and the origin is the midpoint of AB . What is the length of AB ?

18. Let S be the sum of the rst n terms of the arithmetic sequence 8, 12, 16, . . . Let T be the sum of the rst n terms of the arithmetic sequence 17, 19, 21, . . . Assume n = 0 . For what value(s) of n does S = T ?

19. In triangle ABC the point F divides the side AC in the ratio 1:2. Let E be the point of intersection of the side BC and AG where G is the midpoint of BF. The point E divides side BC into what ratio?
A F

G B E C

20. Let f1 be the function dened by f1 (x) = (2x 1)/(x + 1) . For n = 1, 2, 3 . . . dene fn+1 (x) = f1 (fn (x)) . It can be shown that f35 = f5 . Find f29 (x) .

21. For the family of parabolas y = an equation for this hyperbola.

a3 x 2 a2 x + 2a , a = 0 , the locus of vertices is a hyperbola. Find 3 2

22. A particle moves on a straight line. The only force acting on the particle is a constant force. If it started with a velocity of 1,000 ft/sec and had a velocity of 900 ft/sec when it had travelled 1,200 feet, nd the time (in seconds) it took to travel this distance. Write your answer as a fraction reduced to lowest terms.