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PLOT Plot is the series or the authors arrangement of the events in a story. The parts of plot :

a) Exposition Exposition is introduce all of the main characters in the story. In addition in this part the author introduce setting, theme, and explain the back ground of the story. b) Raising action Raising action is the part when the problem is begining. It consists of a beginning of a tension or complication that continues with the development between the characters. c) Climax Climax is the part of plot which is turning point of the story. The main character makes the single big decision that defines the outcome of their story and who they are as a person. It is the peak of the problem. d) Falling action Falling action is the result of the climax. It is the outcome of the conflict, so it is the final moment of suspense. e) Resolution Resolution is the final confrontation between the protagononist, where one or the other decisively wins. This phase is the story of that confrontation, of what leads up to it, of why it happens, the way it happens, what it means, and what its long-term consequences are.

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CHARACTER Character is the resprentation of person in literary works.

a) There are two types of character : Simple or flat character Simple or flat character is less representation of human personality. Than the emboidment of a single attitude or obsession in character. It is called flat character because we see only one side of him/her characters. Complex or round character Complex or round character is obviously more lifelike than the simple because in life people are not simply embodiments of single attitude. It is called complex character because we see all side of the character.
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b) Characterization Characterization is the way of process on conveying information of the character. The are two way characterization : Direct / explicit characterization In this way, the character is revealed by descriptive portayal or by direct comments. These comments may even refer to the characters thoughts. However, the reader has o access to the characters mind. The knowing narrator shapes the characteristic of the chracter. Inderect / implicit characterization Indirect characterization, induces the reader to look for the attributes of a characters personality and to find out the evident about the chracters behaviour. c) Methods of Character portrayal The author must choose not only what kind of characters will be present, but also by what methods author present the characters. There are five methods, those are; Discursive method. This method the author simply tells us about his characters. Dramatic method. This method the author allows his characters to reveal themselves to us through their own words and actions. Chracters on the other character. This method the device of having one character in a literary work talks about another. Contextual method. In this method, the device of having one character is by the verbal context that surrounds the chracter. Mixing methods. They are combination of some methods.

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SETTING Setting is the place and time where and when the story takes place. There are two types of setting :

a) Neutral setting Little more than a relefction about the truth that the things have to happen. b) Spiritual setting The physical setting becomes more spesific and more vividy rendered.

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POINT OF VIEW Describes from which persons perspective the story is perceived. Three types of point of view :
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a) First person point of view The narrator reveals to the plot by referring to this view point character as I or We b) Second persons point of view In which the narrator refers to one of the character as You c) Third person point of view Each and every character is referred to by the narrator as He, She, It or they.

Two types of narrator : Limited narrator In this case the narrator doesnt know everything in the story. Omniscient narrator In this case the narrator knows everything in the story.

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STYLE Style is a writers characteristic and the way of using language. Types of style:

Diction The authors word choices into his or her story. Denotation The author used the real meaning. Mostly this story use denotation.( We dont need to interpret the diction, we can directly understand the whole story.) Connotation The author used figurative language Imagery Imagery is some words that give you certain imagine. Parts of imagery. Literal image Involves no necessary change of meaning of word. Recurrent image A number of repetition of the same image Figurative image It must be understood in some sense other than the literal. Syntax The may in which the writter construct his sentence
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Simple sentence Compound sentence Complex sentence Compound complex sentence

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TONE A quality of style that reveals the attitude of the author toward his subject and his reader. Some types of tone:

Understatement The author threats his subject less seriously than the most writers would. Irony A discrepancy between what is stated and what is suggested. Hyperbole An exaggeration used for rhetorical effect. The middle style A presentation of a fair and accurate picture of certain things as they are. Sentimentality A greater emotional burden that it can comfortably bear. Inhibition The authors failure to give due emotional weight to his material.

The Princess and The Frog Once upon a time, there lived a wise king in the great palace who has a beautiful daughter who had a golden ball. The princess loves to play her ball in the palace garden. She plays the ball every day. One day, while playing in the garden of the palace, she throw the ball very high, the ball fell into a pond beside the big tree. She was very upset and did not know what to do. While she sat there crying helplessly, a frog hopped out of the pond and asked, Why are you crying, little princess? She told him about her golden ball. The ugly frog said, I can help you get your ball but what will you give me in return? I will give you anything you want! promised the princess. The frog immediately dived into the water and fetched the ball for her. The princess was very happy. The frog reminded her, Remember that you promised me anything. Well, I want to be your friend, eat from your plate, and sleep in your palace! The princess hated the idea but she agreed and ran back to the palace. The next morning, the princess found the frog waiting for her. He said, I have come to live in your palace. Hearing this, the princess ran to her father, crying. When the kind king heard about the promise, he told her, A promise is a promise and you must keep your word. You must let the frog stay here!. The princess was very angry but she had no choice and let the frog stay. He ate from her plate during dinner and asked the princess to take him to her bed at night. The princess picked him up angrily and threw him to the floor of the princesss room. In a flash, the frog turned into a handsome prince! He told the princess that he had actually been under the spell of a wicked witch. The princess fell in love with the prince. They were married and lived happily ever after.

The story analyzes 1.Plot Exposition Once upon a time, there lived a wise king in the great palace who has a beautiful daughter who had a golden ball. The princess loves to play her ball in the palace garden. She plays the ball every day. Rising Action One day, while playing in the garden, the ball fell into a pond. She was very upset and did not know what to do. While she sat there crying helplessly, a frog hopped out of the pond and asked, Why are you crying, little princess? She told him about her golden ball. The ugly frog said, I can help you get your ball but what will you give me in return? I will give you anything you want! promised the princess. The frog immediately dived into the water and fetched the ball for her. The princess was very happy. The frog reminded her, Remember that you promised me anything. Well, I want to be your friend, eat from your plate, and sleep in your palace! The princess hated the idea but she agreed and ran back to the palace. The next morning, the princess found the frog waiting for her. He said, I have come to live in your palace. Hearing this, the princess ran to her fa ther, crying. When the kind king heard about the promise, he told her, A promise is a promise and you must keep your word. You must let the frog stay here. The princess was very angry but she had no choice and let the frog stay. Climax He ate from her plate during dinner and asked the princess to take him to her bed at night. The princess picked him up angrily and threw him to the floor. Falling Action In a flash, the frog turned into a handsome prince! He told the princess that he had actually been under the spell of a wicked witch. Resolution The princess fell in love with the prince. They were married and lived happily ever after. 2. Characters Types of characters: Simple or flat character: Witch(wicked).
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Complex or round character: The princess (beautiful, hopeless, in promise), The Prince/frog wise). Characterization: Direct / explicit characterization: The Princess (He has a beautiful princess who had a golden ball.) The Prince/frog(an ugly frog hopped out of the pond and asked, In a flash, the frog turned into a handsome prince ) The King (there lived a wise king in the great palace, when the kind king heard about the promise). Witch (He told the princess that he had actually been under the spell of a wicked witch.) Inderect / implicit characterization: The princess (the princess is hopeless: She was very upset and did not know what to do., she also in promise: The princess was very angry but she had no choice and let the frog stay). The Prince/frog ( he is insincerity: I can help you get your ball but what will you give me in return?, he also kind: The frog immediately dived into the water and fetched the ball for her). Method of Character Portrayals The story of The princess and The Frog is using mixing method. In the story is using more than one method of characters portrayals. Discursive method Once upon a time, there lived a wise king in the great palace who has a beautiful daughter who had a golden ball. Dramatic method The ugly frog said, I can help you get your ball but what will you give me in return? I will give you anything you want! promised the princess. Character on the other character He told the princess that he had actually been under the spell of a wicked witch. 3. Setting Neutral setting
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(ugly, handsome, kind, insincerity), The king(kind and

One upon the time , great palace , One day, The next morning , at night

Spiritual setting In the garden of the palace, a pond beside the big tree, the floor of the princesss room. 4. Point of view The story is told through the third-person point of view and omniscient narrator. Third person point of view Each and every character is referred to by the narrator as He, She.

The types of narrator :. Omniscient narrator 5. Style Diction Denotation: Mostly this story use denotation. We dont need to interpret the diction, we can directly understand the whole story. Connotation: there are no sentences in the story which use connotation in the story. Imagery Recurrent image A number of repetition of the same image Syntax The author use various kind of sentences Simple sentence: Once upon a time, there lived a wise king in the great palace. The princess loves to play her ball in the palace garden. She plays the ball every day. She was very upset and did not know what to do. She told him about her golden ball. The next morning, the princess found the frog waiting for her. The princess fell in love with the prince. They were married and lived happily ever after.
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In this case the narrator knows everything in the story.

In this story are using recurrent image. Because this story repeating same word such as : princess, prince, king, golden ball.

Compound sentence The princess hated the idea but she agreed and ran back to the palace. While she sat there crying helplessly, a frog hopped out of the pond and asked The princess was very angry but she had no choice and let the frog stay. The princess picked him up angrily and threw him to the floor of the princesss room. In a flash, the frog turned into a handsome prince! He told the princess that he had actually been under the spell of a wicked witch. Complex sentence: Tone A quality of style that reveals the attitude of the author toward his subject and his reader. The author are using tone sentimentality. The princess was very upset , when she heard what the frog want. Once upon a time, there lived a wise king in the great palace who has a beautiful daughter who had a golden ball. The frog immediately dived into the water and fetched the ball for her. He ate from her plate during dinner and asked the princess to take him to her bed at night. The princess picked him up angrily and threw him to the floor. Compound complex sentence: One day, while playing in the garden of the palace, she throw the ball very high, the ball fell into a pond beside the big tree.