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Kayla Burden Title: Single Replacement Reaction Purpose: To predict, observe, and study single replacement chemical reactions.

Hypothesis: REACTANTS (a) Copper and Aluminum Chloride (b) Copper and Silver Nitrate (c) Copper and Lead Nitrate (d) Copper and Copper Nitrate (e) Magnesium and Zinc Nitrate (f) Magnesium and Sodium Nitrate (g) Magnesium and Potassium Nitrate (h) Magnesium and Aluminum Chloride (i) Magnesium and Hydrochloric Acid (j) Zinc and Copper Nitrate (k) Zinc and Magnesium Nitrate (l) Zinc and Lead Nitrate (m) Zinc and Aluminum Chloride (n) Aluminum and Copper Chloride (o) Aluminum and Hydrochloric Acid PREDICTED REACTION EQUATION Cu + AlCl3 NR Cu + 2AgNO3 Ag + Cu(NO3)2 Cu + Pb(NO3)2 NR Cu + Cu(NO3)2 NR Mg + Zn(NO3)2 Zn + Mg(NO3)2 Mg + NaNO3 NR Mg + KNO3 NR 3Mg + 2AlCl3 2Al + 3MgCl2 Mg + 2HCl H2 + MgCl2 Zn + Cu(NO3)2 Cu + Zn(NO3)2 Zn + Mg(NO3)2 NR Zn + Pb(NO3)2 Pb + Zn(NO3)2 Zn + AlCl3 NR 2Al + 3CuCL 3Cu + 2AlCl3 2Al + 6HCl 3H2 + 2AlCl3

Procedure: Using a well plate for the following reactions. Add one metal too two to three drops of each aqueous solution in the well plate and make observations. ( Refer to the Chart above)

Data: OBESERVATIONS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O
No Reaction Black looking thins started to form under the copper No Reaction No Reaction Bubbles started to form This was dark, powdery stuff that formed on the Magnesium and the reaction was probably too slow for us to really see it occur. The black thing was actually sliver being created

ANALYSIS

No Reaction No Reaction Bubbles started to form This started bubbling and then it turned to a white color Turned like a dark green/black color and started bubbling No Reaction Turned black and something started to form No Reaction It started bubbling and turned black Bubbling a lot Dark, grey stuff was forming and not bubbles

Conclusion: The purpose of the mini lab was to observe, predict and study single replacement reactions occur. The reactants of a single replacement reaction are an element plus a compound. For example: Cu + 2AgNO3. The products of the single replacement reaction would be a different element plus a different compound. For example: Ag + Cu(NO3)2. A reaction will occur when the element is higher up than the other element. Cu is higher than Ag, causing Cu to replace Ag and create a new product. Cu + 2AgNO3 Ag + Cu(NO3)2. No reaction will occur if the first

element is lower than the element it is trying to replace. Cu is lower the Al so the product for this would be No Reaction. Cu + AlCl3 NR. My favorite reaction would be Magnesium and Hydrochloric Acid (Mg + 2HCl H2 + MgCl2). The reaction started to bubble a lot and then it turned white. The bottom of the well plate was heated a little bit. The product was my favorite because as soon as the Hydrochloric Acid was added, the Magnesium started to move all over the place, bubble extremely and then turned white.