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Introduction

Human kind has always shown interest in plants as they feed us, provide necessary materials for building industry or fashion, and even treat various illnesses and afflictions. People, while satisfying their hunger, discovered that certain plants demonstrated various effects on human body and that was when painkillers, sedatives or even poisons came into being. As our ancestors became more aware of plant qualities, they began using them as remedies and deadly weapons on a daily basis. With time, they discovered how to process and store plants to preserve their hidden power. This knowledge, passed down from generations, grew with time. During the Dark Ages, monks and folk healers were endowed with the knowledge of herbalism. Later on, in the Renaissance Era first pharmacists appeared. The emergence of synthetic medicines led to decline of herbal healing. Nowadays, herbal medicine is reliving its renaissance using both scientific and folk knowledge. The following book is a result of cooperation of eight schools taking part in the project "Medicinal Herbs in Europe" within the Comenius School Partnerships, financed by the European Commission. Here, various European herbs with the focus on their anatomy, usage, origin and history are described and photographed. Moreover, the book contains delicious recipes, as herbs are also spices providing the delights of the palate.

vod
udia vdy prejavovali zujem o rastliny, nakoko s pre ns zdrojom obivy, poskytuj potrebn materil pre stavebn alebo mdny priemysel a dokonca lieia rzne ochorenia a akosti. udia pri uspokojovan hladu zistili, e urit rastliny maj na udsk telo rzne inky a tak vznikli analgetik, sedatva, ale dokonca aj jedy. Tak ako sa nai predkovia dozvedali oraz viac o vlastnostiach rastln, zaali ich denne pouva ako lieky aj smrtiace zbrane. asom objavili spsob, ako uskladova rastliny, aby zachovali ich skryt silu. Tieto poznatky odovzdvan z genercie na generciu sa plynutm asu obohacovali. Poas temnho stredoveku boli mnsi a udov lieitelia obdaren znalosami o bylinkrstve. Neskr, v epoche renesancie sa objavili prv farmaceuti. Vznik syntetickch liekov, viedol k poklesu lieenia bylinkami. Dnes, lieenie bylinkami zava svoju renesanciu priom sa vyuvaj vedeck aj udov poznatky. Nasledujca kniha je vsledkom spoluprce smych kl, ktor boli zapojen do projektu Lieiv bylinky v Eurpe v rmci programu Comenius- kolsk partnerstv, financovanho Eurpskou Komisiou. Tu s popsan a vyfotografovan rozlin bylinky so zameranm na ich anatmiu, pouitie, pvod a histriu. Okrem toho kniha obsahuje aj chutn recepty nakoko sa bylinky pouvaj aj ako korenie.
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FLYING ON A BROOM
In one of Goethes most famous works "Faust" the author talks about the old clich that witches are able to fly by using a special homemade ointment. While witches were prosecuted and tortured at trial in an awkward manner of distrust they were then questioned and accused of flying. Witches couldnt make any notes of the recipes, but recipes were passed on by the word of mouth. These recipes were a brew of magical ingredients like the limbs of the unborn child, blood of a bat, human bodys sweat and poisonous plants like black henbane, deadly nightshade, belladonna and monkshood.

LIETANIE NA METLE
V jednom z najznmejch Goetheho diele 'Faust' autor hovor o starom kli, e arodejnice doku lieta na metle pomocou pecilnej domcej mastiky. arodejnice boli trestne sthan a muen v sdnom konan, vypovan a obviovan z lietania. arodejnice si nemohli recepty psomne zaznamena, ale podvali si ich slovne. Tieto recepty boli npojom z magickch ingredienci ako konatiny nenarodenho dieaa, krv netopiera, udsk pot a jedovat rastliny ako naprklad blen, ukovec zlomocn a beladona.

There was no doubt that inquisitors believed that human beings were able to fly with the help of the devil. According to the Bible evidence was provided and was shown and proved in the Gospel according to Matthew: Jesus was first taken up on the temples merlons. Then secondly up to the top of a huge mountain - tempted by the devil. The answer to the question "how could a human strike back against devils power as long as Jesus was even unable to resist ?" was not given

Inkviztori bezpochyby verili, e udia doku lieta s pomocou diabla. Poda Biblie, dkaz sa nachdza a je vysvetlen v evanjeliu poda Mata: Jei bol najprv vzat na vstupok chrmu. Potom na vrch obrovskej hory - pokan diablom. Odpove na otzku Ako doke lovek odola pokueniu a moci diabla, ke ani Jei nedokzal odola? stle nie je znma.
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People really believed in the fact that tools like a broom, a bench, a shovel and a fork could fly as long as it was anointed with witches ointments. The scientist Giabattista della Porta handed down a testimonial from earlier times. In his book "MAGIA NATURALIS SIVE DE MIRACULIS RERUM NATURALIUM" written in 1558 he mentioned a witchs broom flight In his own presence Giabattista saw an old shrew who had covered herself with obscure strange ointments. Despite of all contradictory statements the witnesses confirmed that the shrew hadnt been worried about an extraordinary perception of having hallucinations of flying by herself. At the beginning of our century brave pharmacologists tried to produce their own kind of "witch ointment". Of course the ingredients should be made of medical herbs and composed of only natural elements. Their feelings were exactly the same like witches had talked about in one of the witch trials. Invisible grotesque grimaces and demons were seen. The feeling as if a kind of fur started to cover their bodies was described. Others were talking about flying above land and satanic witch craft.In the 16th century in the days of extremely high witch persecution millions of innocent women were burnt at the stake by the church, most women who had been taken to court confessed in ignorance to escape the torture and punishment. The positive effect and excellent knowledge of treating diseases with the help of medical herbs speaks for itself. Witches knew how to measure the exact dosage of "drugs". Any incorrect measure would have led to death.

udia naozaj verili v tom, e nstroje ako metla, lavika, lopata a vidlika mu lieta pokia boli natret arodejnckou mastikou. Vedec Giabattista della Porta zverejnil svedectvo z predchdazjceho obdobia. Vo svojej knihe 'MAGIA NATURALIS SIVE DE MIRACULIS RERUM NATU - RALIUM' napsanej v roku 1558 spomenul lietanie arodejnc na metle. Giabattista na vlastn oi videl star bosorku, ktor sa natrela neznmou zvltnou mastikou. Napriek vetkm protichodnm tvrdeniam, svedkovia potvrdili, e bosorka samotn nemala zvltne halucinognne vnmanie seba samej ako let. Na zaiatku nho storoia sa odvny farmakolgovia pokalivyrobi svoj vlastn druh arodejnckej mastiky. Samozrejme ingrediencie mali by vyroben z lieivch byliniek a pozostva len z prrodnch zloiek. Ich pocity boli presne rovnak, ako opisovali arodejnice pri sdnom procese. Neviditen groteskn grimasy a videli dmonov. Opisovali pocit jako keby ich telo zaal pokrva nejak druh kouiny. In hovorili o lietan nad pevninou a a diabolskej vesmrnej lodi. V 16. storo v asoch extrmneho prenasledovania arodejnc, boli cirkvou miliny nevinnch ien uplen na kole, vina ien, ktor boli trestne sthan sa nevedomosti priznali, aby sa vyhli mueniu a trestu. Pozitvny inok a vborn znalosti o lieen chorb s pomocou lieivch byliniek hovoria same za seba. arodejnice vedeli, ako arodejnice vedeli, ako uri presn dvku 'drog'. Akkovek nesprvne urenie by viedlo k smrti.

HERB WITCHES
The so called herb witches in the Middle Ages were women - very often midwives - who knew a lot about herbs and their effects. This ancient knowledge coming from the Teutons and Celts had been kept by oral tradition for centuries. The women applied as well rituals and incantations as curative herbs. They didnt live - as often described in fairytales - secluded in the deep forest but had a steady position in the village community. Inspite all of this, many people felt queasy in the presence of these wise women as they feared that someone who could cure diseases would on the other hand be able to provoke them. Therefore those 'witches pursued, tortured and were executed. Hildegard von Bingen Historians suppose

that about a hundred thousand people were put to death by witch trials. Not only women were accused. 30 % were men and children who mostly belonged to the poorer class of population. In Europe the last execution of a herb witch took place in Switzerland in 1787. Historians suppose that about a hundred thousand people were put to death by witch trials. Nowadays there are still clansmen in primitive people who contact their forefathers and even in our modern civilisation we find contemporaries with the second sight, who affirm to have telepathic and visionary powers. In any case the herb women of those days cant be equated with our todays definition of a witch. Neither they side on a broom through heaven nor are they in the league with the devil.

ARODEJNICE BYLINKRKY
Takzvan arodejnice s bylinkami boli v stredoveku eny, vemi asto to boli prodn asistentky, ktor vedeli vea o bylinkch a ich inkoch. Tieto starovek poznatky s germnskeho a keltskho pvodu a po stroia sa stne odovzdvali. eny pri prprave lieivch byliniek vykonvali rituly rovnako ako aj pouvali zaklnadla. Neili tak, ako je to asto opisovan v rozprvkach- opusten hlboko v lese, ale mali stabiln pozciu v komunite dediny. Napriek tomu vetkmu, sa mnoho ud ctilo nepokojne v prtomnosti tchto mdrych ien nakoko sa bli toho, e niekto, kto doke chorobu vyliei, ju me na druhej strane aj privola. Preto boli tieto arodejnice sledovan, muen a popraven. Historik Hildegard von Bingen predpoklad, e asi sto tisc ud bolo popravench pri sdnych procesoch s arodejnicami. Nielen eny boli obvinen. 30% boli mui a deti, ktor vinou patrili do chudobnejej vrstvy populcie. V Eurpe sa posledn poprava arodejnice konala vo vajiarsku v roku 1787. Historici sa domnievaj, e asi sto tisc ud bolo popravench pri sdnych procesoch s arodejnicami. V sasnosti tie existuj prslunci klanov u primitvnych nrodov, ktor doku nadviaza kontakt so svojimi predkami a dokonca aj v dnenej modernej civilizcii njdeme sasnkov s jasnovideckmi schopnosami, ktor tvrdia, e maj telepatick a vizionrske schopnosti. V kadom prpade bylinkrky z predchdzajcich ias nememe stotoova s dnenou definciou arodejnice. Nelietaj ani na metle v nebi, ani nie s v spolku diabla.

COMFREY
Comfrey is a thick, hairy perennial herb plant growing to 1.5 m tall with a stem angled and winged, unbranched or branching only towards the top. Leaves are lanceolate, lower ones stalked and up to 25 cm long, the upper ones shorted and unstalked. The wings of the leaves project downwards along the stem as far as the next leaf. The small, bell shaped flowers are purplish-violet, pink or creamy-yellow. (They may be striped). Flowering season: May - July Comfrey contains allantoin, a cell proliferant that speeds up the natural replacement of body cells. One of the country names for Comfrey is 'knitbone, a reminder of its traditional use of healing bone fractures. Comfrey is used for fractures, bruises, painful joints and circulatory problems. The Leaf is used for coughs and digestive ulcers, and a poultice for sprains, burns, sores, cuts and eczema. Young leaves can be cooked and used as a spinach-like vegetable.

KOSTIHOJ LEKRSKY
Kostihoj je husto tetinat trvcna rastlina dorastajca do vky 1,5 m. Stonka je tvorhrann, nerozvetvuje sa, prpadne sa rozvetvuje a pri konci. Listy s kopijovit, tie niie maj stopku a dku do 25 cm. Horn listy s kratie, bez stopky. Listy smeruj nadol pozd stonky a k nasledujcemu listu. Mal zvonekovit kvety s fialkast, ruov alebo krmovolt. (Mu by pruhovan.) Doba kvitnutia: mj jl Kostihoj obsahuje alanton, bunkov proliferant, ktor urchuje prirodzen obnovu telovch buniek. U z jeho nzvu vyplva, e sa tradine pouva na hojenie zlomenn kost. Kostihoj sa pouva na zlomeniny, modriny, boav kby a problmy s krvnm obehom. Listy pomhaj pri kali a vredoch trviaceho traktu a ako obklad na vrony, popleniny, vriedky, rezn rany a ekzmy. Mlad listy sa daj vari a jes ako pentovit zelenina.

BASIL
BASIL is a member of the MINT family. It is an annual or short-lived perennial with clove-scented leaves, growing to a height of 60 cm. Leaves are opposite, short stalked, oval entire or toothed, 3-5 cm long, while the flowers are white, usually in whorls of 6. Calyx with rounded upper lip and 4 toothed upper tip. Corolla 10-15 cm long, tubular. Flowering Season: June - September Basil is regarded as having mystical qualities. It is used to improve appetite and gently combat fatigue. Like other herbs in the mint family it is carminative and disinfectant. The fresh picked leaves make a stimulating and refreshing tea. It was also a cure for melancholy and depression. Wine made from the leaves is considered to be an Aphrodisiac. Basil First Aid for skin: Fresh basil leaves are an excellent first aid remedy for warts, insect bites and rashes. The leaves are the source of the antibacterial essential oil which gives basil its uplifting aroma, and is the bane of insects as well. This is really handy when you are out tending to the summer garden, and are bitten. Just snip a few basil leaves and rub them on the itch for immediate relief, as it draws the poison out of the system. Today, although most people think of basil as a seasoning and dressing only, this plant has great medicinal properties. Basil has a pharmacological action antiseptic, sedative and diuretic. It is also used to treat constipation, stomach problems and flatulence, for kidney problems, bronchitis and even fever. Extract, of Basil is recommended to people who suffer from insomnia, nervous exhaustion and women who have very painful periods.

BAZALKA
Bazalka patr do eade hluchavkovitch. Je to jednoron rastlina alebo krtko rastca trvalka so pecifickou vou listov. Rastie do vky 60 cm. 3-5 cm listy s protistojn, s krtkou stopkou, vajcovitho tvaru, niekedy so zbkovanmi okrajmi. Kvety s biele, zvyajne v klasoch po 6. Kalich m obl horn okraj, okvetie je 1015 cm dlh, rrkovit. Doba kvitnutia: jn september Bazalka m dajne magick vlastnosti. Pouva sa na zlepenie chuti do jedla a ako mierny prostriedok proti nave. Tak ako in rastliny z tejto eade, psob proti nadvaniu a infekcim. Z erstvo natrhanch listov sa rob povzbudzujci a osvieujci aj. Bazalka sa tie pouvala ako liek proti depresim a melanchlii. Vno vyroben z listov sa povauje za afrodiziakum. Bazalkov prv pomoc na kou: erstv listy s skvelou prvou pomocou na bradavice, utipnutia hmyzom a vyrky. S zdrojom antibakterilneho esencilneho oleja, ktor dodva bazalke jej povznajcu vu a je zhubou pre hmyz. Je poruke, ke pracujete v zhrade a nieo vs utipne. Jednoducho odstrihnite zopr listov bazalky a potrite nimi postihnut miesto. Vytiahnu z rany jed a prinaj okamit avu. Dnes, hoci je vina ud povauje len za kuchynsk bylinku, vyuvaj sa aj jej skvel lieiv vlastnosti. Bazalka m farmakologick inky ako antiseptikum, sedatvum a diuretikum. Pouva sa aj na liebu zpchy, na aldon akosti a nadvanie, na problmy s oblikami, bronchitdu a dokonca na horku. Vaok z bazalky sa odpora udom trpiacim nespavosou, nervovm vyerpanm a enm s vemi bolestivou mentruciou.

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Parsley
The Garden Parsley is not indigenous to Britain: Linnaeus was grown in the wild in Sardinia, before it was brought to England and apparently first cultivated here in 1548. Bentham considered it a native of the Eastern Mediterranean regions; De Candolle of Turkey, Algeria and the Lebanon. Since its introduction in England the sixteenth century it has become completely naturalized in various parts of England and Scotland, growing on old walls and rocks. Petroselinum, the specific name of the Parsley, from which the English name is derived, is of classic origin. Several cultivated varieties exist, the principal being the common plain-leaved, the curled-leaved, the Hamburg or broadleaved and the celery-leaved. Of the variety crispum, or curled-leaved, there are no less than thirty-seven variations. Though the medicinal virtues of Parsley are still fully recognized, in olden times it was considered a remedy for more disorders than it is now used for. Parsley has also a remarkable power of overcoming strong scents, even the odour of garlic being rendered almost imperceptible when mingled with that of Parsley. Medicinally, the two-year-old roots as well as the leaves, which are dried, as used for making Parsley Tea. Oil from the seeds is also extracted for an oil called Apiol, which is used for malaria disorders.

Petrlen
Petrlen zhradn nepochdza z Britnie: zimozel divo rstol na Sardnii a prv raz bol kultivovan v roku 1548. Bentham predpokladal, e pochdza z reginov vchodnho Stredomoria Turecka, Alrska a Libanonu. Od ias, kedy ho priniesli do Anglicka, plne zdomcnel v rznych astiach Anglicka a ktska, kde rastie na starch mroch a skalch. Petroselinum, druhov meno petrlenu, od ktorho bol odvoden aj slovensk nzov, je klasickho pvodu. Existuje niekoko kultivarov. Hlavnm je plocholist petrlen, kuerav petrlen, hambursk, alebo irokolist. Je minimlne 37 odrd zhradnho a kueravho petrlenu. Hoci aj dnes s lieiv inky petrlenu uznvan, v minulosti bol povaovan za liek na ovea viac akost ne teraz. Petrlen m tie schopnos prebja siln pachy, dokonca aj pach cesnaku je v spojen s vou petrlenu takmer nepostrehnuten. V lieitestve sa dvojron korene, ako aj suen listy pouvaj na prpravu aju. Olej zo semien sa extrahuje a pridva do oleja nazvanho Apiol, ktor sa pouva pri malrii.

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Lily of the Valley


Convallaria majalis is a hardy, herbaceous perennial plant that grows to a height of 23cm, growing in colonies of approximately 30cm, caused by the spread of

underground stems, called rhizomes, reaching out in well-drained soil, whether it be clay/heavy, acidic, chalky/alkaline soil. New upright shoots are formed at the end of stolons. These upright dormant stems are often called pips, which grow in the spring into new leafy shoots, that remain connected to the other shoots under ground. It spreads quickly in shady positions, making it an excellent plant for a woodland garden or as ground cover in shady borders. Plants are self-sterile, and colonies consisting of a single clone do not set seed. All parts of Lily of the Valley are highly poisonous, including the red berries. If ingested, even in small amounts, the plant can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, and a reduced heart rate. Saponins are also present. Although deadly, Lily if the Valley has been used as a folk remedy in moderate

amounts, and is currently used by herbalists as a restricted herbal remedy. If the plant is touched or handled, hands should be washed before doing anything else.

Konvalinka
Konvalinka voav (Convallaria majalis) je celoron trvalka, ktor dorast do vky 23 cm. Rastie v kolnich do zhruba 30 cm, o umouj podzemn stonky, zvan podzemky. Tie sa ria v dobre odvodnenej zemine, i u ide o lovit, kysl alebo zsadit pdu. Nov priame vhonky sa tvoria na koncoch stvolov. Z tchto priamych stoniek na jar vyrast nov listov vhonky, ktor zostvaj spojen s ostatnmi podzemnmi vhonkami. Konvalinka sa rchlo ri na tienistch miestach, je teda idelnou rastlinou v zhradch s mnostvom stromov alebo ako podrast na tienistch stanovitiach. Rastliny s steriln a kolnie tvoren jednou rastlinou netvoria semen. Vetky asti konvalinky s vemi jedovan, vrtanie plodov, ervench bobuliek. Pri poit aj malho mnostva me rastlina spsobi bolesti brucha, zvracanie a znen pulz. Obsahuje aj saponny. Hoci je konvalinka smrtene jedovat, pouva sa v malch mnostvch ako udov liek a aj dnes ju bylinkri pouvaj v obmedzenom mnostve ako lieiv bylinu. Po dotyku s konvalinkou je potrebn dkladne si umy ruky skr ako zanete robi nieo in.
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Ivy
The Ivy was formerly known as Hedera. At the times of the Greeks and Romans it was an important plant. It was used for corns, coughs, bronchitis, whooping, rheumatism, cellulites-ulcer, gout, menstruation and cellulite. It holds back the growth of organisms that cause diseases. You can be poisoned by the berries and leaves. The ivy is a symbol of fidelity and love. The common names are: Adam leaf, Eppich, Eppig, corn, herb, Mauerreppich and Wintergreen. The Ivy was formerly known as Hedera. At the times of the Greeks and Romans it was an important plant. It was used for corns, coughs, bronchitis, whooping, rheumatism, cellulites-ulcer, gout, menstruation and cellulite. It holds back the growth of organisms that cause diseases. You can be poisoned by the berries and leaves. The ivy is a symbol of fidelity and love. The common names are: Adam leaf, Eppich, Eppig, corn, herb, Mauerreppich and Wintergreen. Ivy is a perennial plant. Because of its aerial rootlets it can climb trees and walls. Ivy can reach a maximum age of 450 years. After several years some shoots of plants may reach the old form of age. On the branches develop flowers, they smell sweet. The fruits are small, round and blue black. The Ivy can grow to a height of up to 30 m. The stems are usually horizontal, sometimes descending. In the upper part, they are slightly hairy. The Ivy is native to south-west and central Europe. In woods, quarries and ruins, but also in parks or at the wall is its location. Originally Ivy came from the tropical rain forest. Today it is found in Europe.

Bretan
Bretan bol kedysi znmy aj pod menom Hedera. V asoch starch Grkov a Rimanov bol vemi dleitou rastlinou. Pouval sa na kurie ok, kae, bronchitdu, ierny kae, reumatizmus, celulitdu, dnu alebo pri mentrucii. Brzd rast choroboplodnch organizmov. Mete sa otrvi pri poit bob alebo listov. Bretan je symbolom vernosti a lsky. Bretan je trvalka. Vaka svojim vzdunm koreom vie liez po stench a stromoch. Bretan sa me doi a 450 rokov. Po niekokch rokoch niektor vhonky zostarn. Na vetvch sa tvoria kvety so sladkou vou. Plody s mal, okrhle, modroierne. Bretan dorast a do vky 30 m. Stonky s zvyajne horizontlne, obas klesajce. V hornej asti s mierne chlpat. Bretan rastie v juhozpadnej a strednej Eurpe. Vyskytuje sa v lesoch, lomoch a ruinch, ale aj v parkoch. Pvodne bretan pochdza z tropickch pralesov.

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Lovage
Lovage is perennial, herbaceous plant. It can grow up to 2,50m (8,2 ``). The whole plant smells aromatic. The haulm is green. Especially the lower leaves are long stalked. It has soft, smooth leaves with a rough shaped edge. Originally, the plant was common in Southwest Europe, but it is now growing in Middle Europe, too. You can also find it growing in the wild. Lovage is used to help digestive problems. One can take the lovage seed, the root or the leaves as tea or tincture. One also spices the food with the seed. It counteracts emaciation and helps the digestive organs at the digest the food.

Ligurek lekrsky
Ligurek je trvalka. Dorast a do vky 2,5 m. Cel rastlina je silne aromatick. Steblo je zelen. Najm spodn listy maj dlh stopky. M mkk hladk listy s nerovnmi okrajmi. Pvodne bola rastlina typick pre juhovchodn Eurpu, ale teraz rastie aj v strednej Eurpe. Njdete ju rs aj vo vonej prrode. Ligurek sa pouva pri trviacich akostiach. Meme vyui semen, kore alebo listy vo forme aju i tinktry. Pouva sa aj na dochutenie jedl. Pomha pri vyerpan a trven.

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Marigold
The leaves of the marigold are pilons, on the bottom spatulate, on the top smaller. Marigold blooms from May to October. But with warm weather it can bloom till fall. The blossom is orange-yellow. The seeds look like claws with barbs. It seems that the function of these barbs is to hook up in animals coat so they can carry the seeds around. Middle Europe marigold is grown since the 12th century. But originally its native in South-Europe. In the garden it is primary an ornamental or medicinal plant. Medically, the dried and crushed flower heads or dried flowers tongues are used. The pharmaceutical drug reduces inflammation and promotes wound healing. The internal use is to apply it in the stomach and intestinal ulcers and menstrual pain. External use is for skin inflammation, slow-healing wounds, bruises and rashes. Marigolds are administered in the form of tea brew tinctures, extracts and ointments. In folk medicine, the marigold was used as a diuretic, an antispasmodic agent, and as a worm treatment for liver disease and their application. The marigold of our front gardens is presumably descended from the field marigold. In medieval herb books it was often mentioned, then fell into oblivion, however, bit by bit. The marigolds origin is in Middle-, East- and South Europe. Contents materials of the marigold are ethereal oil, Xantophille, bitter substances and Flavonoide, which is why this valuable cream is suited particularly for massages and to the everyday care.

Nechtk lekrsky
Listy nechtka s podlhovast, vajcovit, na vrchu menie. Nechtk kvitne od mja do oktbra. V teplom poas me kvitn a do jesene. Kvety s oranovolt. Semen vyzeraj ako pazriky. elom je pravdepodobne prichyti sa v srsti zvierat, ktor ich roznes po okol. V strednej Eurpe sa nechtk pestuje u od 12. storoia. Pochdza vak z junej Eurpy. V zhradch sa pestuje v prvom rade ako okrasn alebo lieiv rastlina. V lieitestve sa pouvaj suen a rozdrven kvety. Liek zmieruje zpaly a podporuje hojenie rn. Vntorne sa pouva na aldon a revn vredy a pri mentruanch bolestiach. Vonkajie pouitie: pri zpaloch koe, pomaly sa hojacich ranch, modrinch a vyrkach. Nechtk sa podva vo forme ajov, tinktr, extraktov a mast. V udovom lieitestve sa nechtk pouval ako diuretikum, proti kom a ako liek na pee. Nechtk rastci v zhradch zrejme pochdza z divorastceho nechtka. V stredovekch herbroch sa asto spomnal, neskr pomaly upadol do zabudnutia. Nechtk rastie v strednej, vchodnej a junej Eurpe. Ltky obsiahnut v nechtku s terick oleje, xantofyly, horiny a flavonoidy. Preto je krm z nechtka vhodn zvl na mase a kadodenn starostlivos.

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Thyme
The red to purple blossoms bloom from June to September. The blossoms have an extended inflorescence, so they are easy to recognize. Significant features are the small triangular calyx teeth, which can be hairy or without hair. The plants height is between 5 and 25 cm (2 to 9.8 inch). The calm is sharp-edged and the rectangular. It has a short shoot axis. The leaves are thin and mostly of the same size. The leafage smells aromatic and turns dark-red. Thyme grows almost everywhere in Europe. In the south it only grows on mountains. It also grows gravel quarries, at rocks and embankments. It is sometimes found on anthills. It prefers fresh to dry, nutrient-poor, deficient in lime sandy, stony or loamy soil. Thyme is not only spice plant, but also an important medicinal in the area of couth and disinfection. Its strength lies in its beneficial effect on the respiratory organs.

Tymin
erven a fialov kvety kvitn od jna do septembra. Kvetenstvo je mnohopoetn, take je ahko rozoznaten. Typickm znakom s mal trojuholnkovit lstky kalicha, ktor mu by chlpat alebo hladk. Vka rastliny je od 5-20 cm. Stonky s tvorhrann, drevnat. Listy s tenk, zvyajne rovnako vek. S aromatick a menia farbu na tmavoerven. Tymin rastie takmer v celej Eurpe. Na juhu rastie len v horch. Tie sa vyskytuje v lomoch, na skalch a brehoch riek. Niekedy ho njdete aj na mraveniskch. Uprednostuje ahie, suchie pdy, piesonat, kamenist a lovit. Tymin nie je len korenm, ale je tie dleit v medicne pri liebe kaa a na dezinfekciu. Jeho sila spova v inku na dchaciu sstavu.

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Ladies Mantle
Ladies Mantle is a perennial deciduous dwarf or subshrub. The shoot axis is partially woody and grows above the ground. The major axis is horizontal, it is forming roots and it is partially covered with leaf remains. The sprouts are mostly pilous. They are straight and unbranched. The Ladies Mantle is common in Europe, Asia and Africa. The plant is primary growing on mountains. You can find about 500 different kinds of it in the Middle East in the Caucasus Mountains 60, in Siberia 40, in Central Asia about 20, in the Carpathian Mountains about 70, about 150 in the Alps and even in the arctic part of North America are four common kinds.

Alchemilka obyajn

Alchemilka je trvcny opadav poloker. Stonka je iastone drevnat a vyrast nad zemou. Podzemok tvor korene a iastone ho pokrvaj zvyky listov. Stonky s rovn, nerozvetven. Alchemilka sa bene vyskytuje v Eurpe, zii a Afrike. Primrne rastie v horch. Na Blzkom Vchode rastie asi 500 druhov, na Kaukaze 60, na Sibri 40, v strednej zii asi 20, v Karpatoch okolo 70, asi 150 v Alpch a 4 dokonca aj v arktickej asti severnej Ameriky.

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Garlic mustard
Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) is a common species of plant in Europe. It belongs to the family of cruciferous plants (Brassicaceae). Garlic mustard has got its name from the smell of garlic that is produced by dried crumbled leaves. In the past Garlic mustard was used in medical science to cure infections of the throat, coughing and asthma. It was also a remedy for worms. Other positive effects are its being antiseptic to clean wounds and frostbite discharging pus. It is diuretic and can be used for inducing vomiting. Use bloom and leaves directly before and during its blooming period. Collect the plant between April and July.

Cesnaka lekrska
Cesnaka lekrska (Alliaria petiolata) je druh ben v Eurpe. Patr do eade kapustovitch rastln (Brassicaceae). Cesnaka dostala svoje meno poda cesnakovej vne, ktor vydvaj suen pomrven listy. V minulosti sa cesnaka pouvala v lieitestve na liebu infekci hrdla, kaa a astmy, ako aj liek proti hlstam. D sa poui ako dezinfekcia na istenie rn a na hnisav omrzliny. Je to diuretikum a vyvolva zvracanie. Pouvaj sa kvety a listy tesne pred kvitnutm a poas obdobia kvitnutia. Rastlinu zbierajte od aprla do jla.

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Herb Robert
In the traditional alternative medicine Herb Robert or herb Robin or red shank or dragons blood (geranium robertianum) was used as a cure for toothache, bruises, high temperature, gout, kidney and pulmonary deseases, herpes and epistaxis. The extraction of the plant was used as a restorer and was known to be useful against diarrhea. Applied to wounds it was believed to be antiseptic. Because of the peculiar smell of the grinded leaves it was said to be good against fighting mosquitos. Research proofed the plant to be helpful in fighting gastric ulcers and inflammation of the womb. Today herb robert is usually used extrinsically for wound healing, relief of skin diseases and to arrest bleeding. In the 12th century Hildegard von Bingen recommended herb robert for cleansing of nasal and pharynx mucus and as a cure for bladder stones and uretic discomfort. In the 17th century the plant was named as a cure for abscesses and sepsis, thorax inflammation and gastro-enteritis, catarrhal inflammation and pulmonary hemorrhage. Even the saint Rupert of Salzburg used it in the care oft he sick.

Pakost smradav
V tradinej alternatvnej medicne sa pakost smradav (bocian nos, ap nos, bnik, milos boia) pouval na lieenie boavch zubov, modrn, horky, dny, ochoren obliiek a pc, herpesu a krvcania z nosa. Extrakt z rastliny sa pouval na obnovu tkanv a proti hnake, ako aj na dezinfekciu rn. Vaka pecifickmu zpachu pomrvench listov je vraj dobr na odpudzovanie komrov. Vskum dokzal, e rastlina pomha bojova proti aldonm vredom a zpalom maternice. Dnes sa pakost pouva najm na hojenie rn, avu pri konch chorobch a na zastavenie krvcania. V 12. storo Hildegard von Bingen odporala pakost na uvonenie hlienu z nosa a hltana a ako liek na lov kamene, i pri akostiach s moenm. V 17. storo bola rastlina oznaen za liek proti abscesom a otrave krvi, zpale v hrudnku a pri gastroenteritde, katarlnom zpale a pcnom krvcan. Dokonca aj svt Rupert zo Salzburgu ho pouval pri starostlivosti o chorch.
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Dandelion
Dandelion is used for treatments of the eyes and warts. As a medical and dietary plant dandelion is very well suitable for diabetics. Although the common dandelion is well known and widespread there is very little knowledge about the origin of its name. It is not even sure who is responsible for the official genus name. Only in the German version of a book of herbs specifications can be found.Medicinal benefit: hemopoietic, blood abstersive, diuretic, against bronchitis, cough, high temperature, loss of appetite, spring tiredness, constipation, stomach adynamia, piles, chronic arthropathy, rheumatism, liver and gall adynamia, renal calculi, allergies, arteriosclerosis, dropsy, good against chronic dermis affliction, pimples, eczema, clavus, warts, menstrual supporting.

Ppava
Ppava sa pouva pri lieen o a bradavc. Ako lieiv a jedl rastlina je ppava vemi vhodn pre diabetikov. Hoci ppava obyajn je znma a rozren, vieme iba mlo o pvode jej nzvu. Nie je ist ani to, kto jej dal oficilne rodov meno. pecifikcie je mon njs iba v nemeckej knihe byln. Medicnske vyuitie: krvotvorba, istenie krvi, diuretikum, proti bronchitde, kau, horke, strate chuti, jarnej nave, zpche, aldonej slabosti, hemoroidom, chronickej artropatii, reumatizmu, slabosti peene a lnka, oblikovm kameom, alergim, arteriosklerze, vodnatenosti, je dobr na chronick kon akosti, vyrky, ekzmy, kurie ok, bradavice, podporu mentrucie.

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European Goldenrod
Goldenrod is the rich yellow of late summer. It grows in big colonies on gravel and waysides. It gives a littele light to the world when the flowers of high summer are already withered. As a medicinal herb it is mainly used for kidney and bladder. It is strongly diuretic. Medicinal herb: diuretic, blood-purifying, antiphlogistic, helpful against inflammation of the bladder, flatulence, intestinal inflammation, diarrhoea, insect bite, kidney gravel and -stones, wound healing, rheumatism, dropsy and gout Other names: Aarons rod, woundwort, European goldenrod, Goldenrod can be drunk as a tea. It can also be used as a tincture or herbal wine. Especially the Canadian Goldenrod can be put on insect bites if it is riced. Some native Americans chew the blossoms against inflammation of the throat.

Zlatoby obyajn
Zlatoby je stoltm kvetom neskorho leta. Rastie vo vekch kolnich na trku a pri okrajoch ciest. Prina svetu trocha svetla v ase, ke ostatn letn kvety u odkvitli. Ako lieiv rastlina sa vyuva najm na obliky a lnk. Je silno moopudn. Lieiv rastlina: diuretikum, ist krv, redukuje zpaly, pomha proti zpalom lnka, nadvaniu, zpalom riev, hnake, potpaniu hmyzom, oblikovm kameom, hoj rany, je dobr na reumatizmus, vodnatenos a dnu. In nzvy: ronov prt, zlat by Zlatoby mono pi ako aj. Tie je mon uva ju ako tinktru alebo bylinkov vno. Zvl zlatoby kanadsk meme priklada na miesto utipnutia hmyzom, ak ju predtm pomrvme. Niektor americk Indini uj kvety proti zpalu hrdla.

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Chamomile
It can be found everywhere in Europe and Hungary but originally it is a South- eastern European genus. You can find it almost in each part of the country especially in the Lowland. It can occur in a huge amount in fields, meadows hedges of roads, near houses and fences, gardens. When spring is wet, it spreads everywhere quickly. Fertilizing and chemical weed control can be effective to kill them. Chamomile or Camomile is a common name for several daisy-like plants. These plants are best known for their ability to be made into a tea which is commonly used to help with sleep and is often served with either honey or lemon. Chrysene, a specific flavonoid found in chamomile, has been shown to be anxiolytic in rodents and is believed to be at least partially responsible for chamomiles reputation as a sleep aid. It is known to reduce stress. Its height is different. It depends on the circumstance. Chamomile blooming in the nature can be 5-10 cm tall, but those plants which grown in farms can be 50-80 cm tall. Chamomile is one of the most popular plants. We use mostly its flower for healing. It is also effective in veterinary. It is used for internal and external healing as well. It can be effective almost each kind of illnesses, especially for younger children. It can help both moms and babies. Chamomile can repose babies having a stomach-ache. You can make bathwater for babies. It can reduce stress; it is also good for healing hyperactivity. It is a smooth sedative and pain killer If you drink it regularly in form of tea, it can reduce digestive troubles, nausea, gastritis, coccidiosis, and bladder and bile problems. It can quicken digestion, it clears respiratory tracks, and it is pain killer and effectively reduces fever. It is also good for palate inflammation and sore throat. It has got an immunizing and antibacterial effect. It is also very effective if you have cold or flu, It is suggested to be effective for cutaneous diseases, healing wounds and for hair problems as well. You can use it together with other medicines or herbs because it has not got any by-effect.

Harmanek
Meme ho njs v celej Eurpe, ale pvodne tento druh pochdza z juhovchodnej Eurpy. Vyskytuje sa takmer vade, najm na ninch. Nachdza sa vo vekch mnostvch na poliach, lkach, popri cestch, domoch a plotoch, v zhradch. Ak je jar vlhk, vade sa rchlo rozri. D sa inne hubi hnojivami a chemickmi postrekmi proti burine. Harmanek alebo rumanek je spolon nzov pre niekoko hviezdicovitch rastln. Tieto rastliny s najznmejie tm, e sa z nich pripravuje aj na spanie a asto sa podva s medom alebo citrnom. Zistilo sa, e chryzn, pecifick flavonoid, ktor sa nachdza v harmaneku, uvouje zkos u hlodavcov a pravdepodobne aspo iastone me za to, e harmanek je povaovan za uspvac prostriedok. Vie sa, e zniuje stres. Jeho vka je rzna. Zle na okolnostiach. Harmanek kvitnci v prrode me ma 5 a 10 cm, ale rastliny pestovan na farmch mu by 50-80 cm vysok. Harmanek je jednou z najobbenejch rastln. Na lieenie sa pouvaj predovetkm kvety. Je tie inn vo veterinrnej medicne. Je vhodn na vonkajie aj vntorn pouitie. inkuje takmer na kad chorobu, hlavne u malch det. Pomha mamikm aj deom. Harmanek me uti boles aldka u det. Takisto ho mono pridva bbtkm do kpea. Me zni stres. Je dobr aj na liebu hyperaktivity. Je to mierne sedatvum a zmieruje bolesti. Ak ho pijete pravidelne vo forme aju, me zmierni trviace akosti, nevonos, gastritdu, kokcidizu, ako aj problmy so lnkom a lou. Urchuje trvenie, ist dchacie cesty, zmieruje boles a inne zniuje horku. Je tie dobr na zpaly podnebia a hrdla. M imunizan a antibakterilne inky. Je rovnako vemi inn proti prechladnutiu alebo chrpke. Zrejme inkuje aj pri konch chorobch, hojen rn a pri problmoch s vlasmi. Je mon ho uva aj s inmi liekmi alebo bylinkami, pretoe nem iadne vedajie inky.

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Elderberry
It can be found everywhere in Europe. It is originated from Hungary. Elderberry is a typical plant of wet forests and hedges of roads. Elder or Elderberry is a genus of between 5-30 species of fast-growing shrubs or small trees (10 m tall) formerly treated in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae, but now shown by genetic evidence to be correctly classified in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. The leaves are opposite, pinnate, with 5-9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11), each leaf 5-30 cm long, the leaflets with a serrated margin. They bear large clusters of small white or cream coloured flowers in the late spring, that are followed by clusters of small red, bluish or black (rarely yellow or white) berries. The berries are a very valuable food resource for many birds. Flowers are used for making tea, jam, syrup, soup, cakes, salads, vinegar, vine, champagne, brandy, liquor, colouring materials, cosmetic creams, tonics and it is one of the ingredients of the original English ketchup. Leaves are used for making tea, and colouring materials. It is also used in the medicine and food industry. You can find it in bio gardens.

Baza ierna
Vyskytuje sa v celej Eurpe. Pochdza z Maarska. Baza je typick pre vlhk lesy a okraje ciest. Baza alebo bazika je rod 5-30 druhov rchlo rastcich krov alebo malch stromov (10 m vysokch), ktor boli pvodne zaraden medzi zimolezovit rastliny, ale poda genetickch dkazov m by sprvne zaraden medzi pimovkovit, ead Adoxaceae. Listy s protistojn, konist, s 5-9 lstkami (zriedka 3 alebo 11). Kad list je 5-30 cm dlh, lstky maj plkovit okraj. Baza m na jar vek biele alebo krmovo sfarben skvetia, z ktorch vznikn zhluky malch ervench, modrastch alebo iernych (zriedka ltch alebo bielych) bobuliek. Tieto plody s hodnotnm zdrojom potravy pre mnoh vtky. Z kvetov sa pripravuje aj, dem, sirup, polievka, kole, alty, ocot, vno, ampansk, brandy, likr, farbiv, kozmetick krmy, tonik a je aj jednou z ingredienci originlneho anglickho keupu. Listy sa pouvaj na prpravu aju a farbv. Pouva sa aj v medicne a potravinrstve. Njdete ju v biozhradch.
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Peppermint
You cannot find it in the nature. It is not an agrarian plant. It is probably originated from Egypt. The Palestinian and Greek naturalized it later. It is a hybrid mixed from genus like Mentha aquatica and Mentha spicata. In Hungary there are other types of Mentha. They like wet places. There are a great variety of them. They are usually 60-80 cm tall. They are perennials. Their legs are straight and branch out at the top. Leaves are about 1 cm long. They give drug. Their surface is dark green the back side is lighter green. Their shape is elliptical like a pike. There are rotund glands on the surface. They are so called hair cells. They give volatile oil called menthol. Peppermint has got a special smell. First it tastes like fire then it has got a cooling effect. The most important efficient is a volatile oil which contains more than 40 different compounds. Leaves have got a content of 50-60% volatile oil, 5-10% nicotine, and coffein acid. The volatile oil contains 35-50% menthol, and flavonoids. Menthol helps digestive problems and kills pain. Medical characteristics of peppermint have been known since about 2000 years. For internal uses: reducing cramps, helps nervous system, circulation, digestive problems, reducing headache, cleaning blood, reducing stomach ache, killing muscle aches, reducing sore throat and respiratory problems For external uses: reducing insect bites, cutaneous diseases, reducing sunscald, greasy hair, headache, rheumatic problems .

Mta pieporn
Nie je mon njs ju v prrode. Nie je to ponohospodrska rastlina. Pravdepodobne pochdza z Egypta. Palestnania a Grci si ju neskr naturalizovali. Je to hybrid rodov ako Mentha aquatica (mta vodn) a Mentha spicata (mta klasnat). V Maarsku s aj in druhy mty. Maj rady vlhk miesta. Existuje mnoho druhov. Zvyajne s 60-80 cm vysok. S to trvalky. Stonky s rovn a na konci sa rozvetvuj. Listy maj asi 1 cm. Z nich sa zskava lieivo. Ich povrch je tmavozelen, zadn strana je svetlejia. Maj elipsovit tvar. Na povrchu s okrhle azy. Produkuj esencilny olej zvan mentol. Mta m pecifick vu. Spoiatku pli, ale potom m chladiv inok. Najdleitejou innou ltkou je esencilny olej, ktor obsahuje viac ako 40 rznych zloiek. Listy obsahuj 50-60% esencilneho oleja, 5-10% nikotnu a kofenovej kyseliny. Esencilny olej obsahuje 35-50% mentolu a flavonoidy. Mentol pomha pri problmoch s trvenm a ti boles. Lieiv vlastnosti mty s znme u asi 2000 rokov. Na vntorn pouitie: zmieruje ke, pomha nervovej sstave, krvnmu obehu, pri trviacich akostiach, zmieruje boles hlavy, preisuje krv, zmieruje bolesti aldka, tlm bolesti svalov, boles hrdla a akosti s dchanm. Na vonkajie pouitie: pomha pri potpan hmyzom, konch chorobch, spleninch od slnka, mastnch vlasoch, bolestiach hlavy, reumatickch problmoch.

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Rose Hip
It is found in edge of forests and in the mountains, hills and meadows. It is usually planted as hedgerow. It lives a long life (even if 100 years). It is 2-5 m tall but it rarely grows higher than 2, 5 m. Its body, legs and leaves are covered rude stings. Leaves have got unpaired wings containing 5-7 smaller leaves. They are egg-shaped with saw-like hedges. They are bald and on their every side there is small hair running along the veins. Its light pink flowers are smell-less. Their calibres are 4-6 cm. down before ripening. Ripe fruits are bright red. They are longish (1, 5-2 cm). Their shape can be oval or rounded. There are hard seeds in each one. Seeds are covered by stinging hair, so called prickly powder. Fruits remain on the bush for a long time so they can serve as food for the birds. It is effective for cold influenza, tiredness, cathartic. People in the Ancient Ages knew the medical properties of this herb. They knew that it was effective for the tropical ailments. Vitamin C intensifies resistivity, flavonoids prevent inflammation, and it has immunizing effects, pectin help with digestion. You can make tea of the berries it is effective for cold, gastro-enteritis and bronchitis or kidney problems. It also has a spice intensifier effect so you can find it in herb mixes and fruit teas as well. Rose hip has got an anti-oxidant effect. Rose hip oil is effective for different skin problems like dermatitis and eczema. During boiling it loses its vitamin C content above 60 C so youd better to soak, dry or freeze it. They are only flowers, not compacted. They are located on the top of the lateral shoots. Sepals fall

pka
Vyskytuje sa na okrajoch lesov a v horch, na kopcoch a lkach. Zvyajne sa vysdza ako iv plot. ije dlho (dokonca aj 100 rokov). Je 2-5 m vysok, ale len zriedka je vyia ne 2,5 m. Jej kme, stonky a listy pokrvaj tne. Listy maj neprovito rozloench 5-7 mench lstkov. S vajcovit, s plkovitm okrajom. S hladk, pozd l maj mal chpky. Svetloruov kvety nevoaj. S 4-6 cm vek, vonolupienkov. Rast na koncoch okrajovch vhonkov. Lupienky opadaj, km dozrie plod. Zrel plody s jasno erven, podlhovast (1,5-2 cm). Ich tvar me by ovlny alebo okrhly. V kadom s tvrd semen. Semen s pokryt pichavmi chpkami, tzv. pichavm prkom. Plody ostvaj na krku dlho, take mu posli ako potrava pre vtky. pky s inn na ndchu, chrpku, navu, katary. udia v dvnoveku poznali lieiv vlastnosti tejto byliny. Vedeli, e inkuje pri tropickch ochoreniach. Vitamn C posiluje odolnos, flavonoidy zabrauj zpalom a posiluj imunitu. Pektn pomha pri trven. Z bob sa d pripravi aj, ktor pomha pri prechladnut, gastroenteritde, bronchitde alebo problmoch s oblikami. Tie zvrazuje chu, take sa pouva v zmesiach byliniek a ovocnch ajoch. pky maj aj antioxidan inky. pkov olej inkuje pri rznych konch problmoch, napr. pri dermatitde alebo ekzmoch. Pri varen sa strca vitamn C. Je lepie pky lhova, sui alebo zmrazi

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Stinging Nettle
It can be found everywhere in Europe and in the whole territory of Hungary. It likes wet places in forests as undergrowth. It also likes moor and valleys. A stinging nettle is a 50-150 cm tall plant. It has widely spreading rhizomes and stolons, which are bright yellow as are the roots. The soft green leaves are 3 to 15 cm (1 to 6 in) long and are borne oppositely on an erect wiry green stem. The leaves have a strongly serrated margin, a chordate base and an acuminate tip with a terminal leaf tooth longer than adjacent laterals. It bears small greenish or brownish numerous flowers in dense axillary inflorescences. The leaves and stems are very hairy with non-stinging hairs and also bear many stinging hairs (trachoma), whose tips come off when touched, transforming the hair into a needle that will inject several chemicals: acetylcholine, histamine, 5-HT or serotonin, and possibly formic acid. The plant has got its name from expression urn which means to burn. Leaves are collected in March-April. Roots are collected in autumn or spring. Nettle leaf is an herb that has a long tradition of use as an adjuvant remedy in the treatment of arthritis in Germany. Urtication, or flogging with nettles, is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin in order to provoke inflammation. An agent thus used is known as a rubefacient (something that causes redness). This is done as a folk remedy for rheumatism, providing temporary relief from pain. The counter-irritant action to which this is often attributed can be preserved by the preparation of an alcoholic tincture which can be applied as part of a topical preparation, but not as an infusion, which drastically reduces the irritant action. Nettle is used in hair shampoos to control dandruff and is said to make hair more glossy, which is why some farmers include a handful of nettles with cattle feed. It is also thought nettles can ease eczema.

ihava
Vyskytuje sa vade v Eurpe. Obubuje vlhk miesta v lesoch, kde tvor podrast. M tie rada slatiny a dolia. ihava je 50-150 cm vysok rastlina. M iroko rozvetven podzemky, ktor s jasnoltej farby ako korene. Mkk zelen listy s 3-15 cm dlh a rast oproti sebe na rovnej zelenej stonke. Listy maj vrazne plkovit okraj a zahroten piku. Kvety s zelenkav a hnedast, rast v hustch axilrnych kvetenstvch. Listy a stonka s pokryt mnostvom nepichavch chpkov, ako aj pichavmi chpkami (trachoma), ktorch koneky sa pri dotyku uvonia a tak sa z chpkov stvaj ihliky vyluujce niekoko chemikli: acetylcholn, histamn, 5-HT alebo serotonn, zrejme aj kyselinu mraviu. Rastlina dostala svoje latinsk meno poda vrazu urn, o znamen pli. Listy sa zbieraj v marci a aprli. Korene sa zbieraj v jeseni alebo na jar. List ihavy je bylinkou, ktor sa v Nemecku tradine pouva v rmci doplujcej lieby artritdy. Pophlenie alebo ahanie ihavou je myseln aplikcia ihavy na kou tak, aby vyvolala zpal. Spsobuje ho tzv. rubefacient (nieo, o spsobuje zaervenanie). Tento postup sa vyuva pri udovom lieen reumatizmu, kee poskytuje doasn avu od bolesti. Protidrdiv inok mono dosiahnu pouitm alkoholovej tinktry, ktor meme aplikova ako sas prepartu na vonkajie pouitie. Ten vrazne zni podrdenie. ihava sa pouva aj v ampnoch proti lupinm, vrav sa, e dodva vlasom lesk a prve preto ju niektor farmri primieavaj do krmiva pre dobytok. Ver sa, e ihava zmieruje ekzmy.
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Small-Leaved Linden
It is popular in Central and South Europe. This plant can be found in the Carpathian Pelvic. It lives in different forests like beech, oak. Linden trees are spread in our parks because people like walking among them in the town squares. Small leaved Linden is 20-25 m tall. It has got even 15 m wide tree-stratum. It can live 200-300 years. It is a deciduous plant. It has got long and crooked roots. Leaves are 5-8 cm long and asymmetrical. They have got a heart shape jagged in the periphery. There are reddish hair bunches on the backside. Flowers are whitish-yellow, they have got sweetish smell. Flowers are very small (abt. 1 cm large) and they are five-in-one. Bees regularly visit them because of their

nectar. At blooming time loud buzzing are heard around the trees. Crops are brownish, closed. It is an acorn with dry seed. You can push it with your fingers. Linden is a resistant tree. The linden wood is light and dries very quickly. It is a very popular material of sculpture. It is excellent for carving, wooden shoes or making furniture and cellulose. In some areas vine is made of linden. Linden honey is very fine and delicious. It is excellent for herb tea. When locust-tree was unknown, linden honey was the most popular. Flowers are used for making herb tea and medicine all around the world. It tastes very pleasantly. For the Hungarian, it is a traditional herb. It has got a skin cleaner and grooming effect. You can use it for fomentation as well. Making bathwater of linden legs is efficient for rheumatic problems.

Lipa malolist
Je obben v strednej a junej Eurpe. Tto rastlina sa vyskytuje v Karpatskej kotline. Rastie v rznych lesoch, napr. bukovch alebo dubovch. Lipy s rozren v naich parkoch a na nmestiach, pretoe udia sa pod nimi radi prechdzaj. Lipa malolist je 20-25 m vysok. M a 15 m irok rozptie. Dova sa 200-300 rokov. Je to opadav rastlina. M dlh a kriv korene. Listy s 5-8 cm dlh, asymetrick. Maj srdcovit tvar, na okrajoch s vrbkovan, na zadnej strane chlpat. Kvety s bielo-lt, maj sladkast vu. S vemi mal (asi 1 cm) a ppoetn. Pravidelne ich navtevuj vely kvli nektru. V ase kvitnutia pou okolo stromov hlasn bzuanie. Plody s hnedast, zatvoren. Drevo lipy je ahk a rchlo sa vysu. Je to vemi obben materil rezbrov. Je vynikajce na rezby, drevky, nbytok a vrobu celulzy. V niektorch oblastiach sa z lipy vyrba vno. Lipov med je vemi jemn a chutn. Je vborn do bylinkovch ajov. Km nebol znmy agt, lipov med bol najobbenej. Kvety sa pouvaj na vrobu bylinkovch ajov a v medicne na celom svete. Maj vemi prjemn chu. Je to tradin bylinka. ist ple, je moopudn a podporuje potenie. Na reumatick akosti sa pripravuje kpe z lipy.
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Heartsease
Heartsease is a small (usually up to 30 cm in height) flower belonging to the Violaceae family. Its stem is very angular and multiflorous while its flowers vary a great deal in colour and size, but are either purple, yellow or white. The upper petals are usually purple; therefore, heartsease can be sometimes mistaken with Viola odorata. The flowering takes place from April to September.Other names:Wild Pansy, Johnny Jump Up, Johnny Jumper, Garden violet.Origin:Heartsease is native to Europe but it was introduced into many other regions. Today, it is common throughout all the temperate regions of Eurasia and North America. Heartsease prefers dry and partial shady places. It can be found mainly on acid and neutral soils in fields, woods, short grassland, along roadsides, pastures etc.Medicinal usage:The plant has been used as a medicine since the middle ages. For medical purposes, usually whole herb (dried) in the wild state is used. Heartsease is sometimes applied for rheumatism, bronchitis and whooping cough, however, modern herbalists most frequently prescribe it for eczema and other skin troubles. Moreover, due to its diuretic effect, the herb is recommended for various kidney problems.The flowers are rich in rutin, which helps to relieve water retention in body tissues and treat atherosclerosis. In addition, heartsease can be used in opthalmology (retinal and choroidal damage) as rutin is known to strengthen capillaries.The application of heartsease is varied. For treatment, it is usually used in form of tea infusion or decoction both internally and externally.

Fialka trojfarebn
Fialka trojfarebn je mal (zvyajne do 30 cm vysok) kvet z eade fialkovitch. M vystpav stonku a viac kvetov, ktor sa lia vekosou aj farbou. S bu fialov, lt alebo biele. Horn lupienky s zvyajne fialov, preto sa fialka trojfarebn asto zamiea s fialkou voavou. Kvitne od aprla do septembra. In nzvy: sirtka, zhradn fialka. Pvod: Fialka trojfarebn pochdza z Eurpy, ale rozrila sa aj do mnohch inch reginov. Dnes je znma vo vetkch miernych oblastiach Eurzie a Severnej Ameriky. Fialka trojfarebn uprednostuje such miesta a polotie. Vyskytuje sa najm na kyslch a neutrlnych pdach pol, lesov, nzkych trvnatch porastov, popri cestch, na pastvinch a pod. Medicnske pouitie: Tto rastlina sa pouva v medicne u od stredoveku. Vyuva sa cel bylina, suen. Niekedy sa aplikuje pri reumatizme, bronchitde a iernom kali, avak modern bylinkri ju najastejie odporaj pri ekzmoch a inch konch problmoch. Navye sa vaka svojmu diuretickmu inku odpora pri rznych problmoch s oblikami. Kvet je bohat na rutn, ktor pomha vyluova vodu z tkanv a liei aterosklerzu. Taktie je mon tto bylinu vyui v oftalmolgii (pri pokoden sietnice a cievovky), kee je znme, e rutn posiluje kapilry. Vyuitie fialky trojfarebnej je rznorod. Zvyajne sa podva ako aj alebo odvar na vntorn aj vonkajie pouitie.

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Rowan
General description: Native to most of Europe except for the far south, and northern Asia, it is a member of the Rose family (Rosaceae). Rowan trees are common in forests and parks and are sometimes grown as ornamentals. Rowan is a small to medium-sized, deciduous tree with a smooth, shiny grey brown bark. The flowers are small and creamy white with green leaves that change colors in the fall to yellow, orange and red. The fruit (called rowan berries) are small pomes of 6-9 mm diameter, green at first, ripening bright red in late summer. They grow in large clusters of 40 or more berries and ripen from July to November. Medical properties: For medical purposes, flowers, berries and sometimes leaves are harvested. Although the berries are bitter, they contain a lot of vitamin C and they are commonly used to make juices, country wines, teas, syrups, jellies, preserves, jams and pie fillings. Rowan fruit should not be consumed raw due to the presence of parasorbic acid which can cause diarreha or emesis. The acid, however, is easily decomposed while boiling and drying fruit. Rowan is considered to have diuretic, anti-inflamatory and antiscorbutic effects. Active compounds present in rowan are favourable for treating vein and hepatobiliary disorders. The astriction properties of rowan are also worth noticing as they help with gastritis, duodenal ulcers and small intestine disorders.

Jarabina vtia
Veobecn opis: Vyskytuje sa vo vine Eurpy, okrem krajnho juhu, a v zii. Patr do eade ruovitch (Rosaceae). Strom sa bene vyskytuje v parkoch a niekedy sa pestuje ako okrasn drevina. Jarabina je mal, a stredne vek opadav strom s hladkou a lesklou sivohnedou krou. Kvety s mal, krmovo biele, listy s zelen, v jeseni sa menia na lt, oranov alebo erven. Plodmi s malviky s priemerom asi 6-9 m. Najprv s zelen, neskoro v lete dozrievaj do jasnej ervenej farby. Rast vo vekch strapcoch po 40 a viac, dozrievaj od jla do novembra. Lieiv vlastnosti: Na medicnske ely sa zbieraj kvety, plody a niekedy aj listy. Hoci s plody kysl, obsahuj vea vitamnu C a bene sa z nich vyrbaj dsy, vna, aje, sirupy, el, zavraniny, demy a plnky do kolov. Plody jarabiny sa nekonzumuj surov, kee obsahuj kyselinu parasorbov, ktor me spsobi hnaku alebo zvracanie. Kyselinu mono ahko znekodni varenm alebo suenm. Predpoklad sa, e jarabina m moopudn, protizpalov a antiskorbutick inky. inn zloky, ktor sa v jarabine nachdzaj, maj blahodarn inok pri liebe l a peene. Tie pomha pri gastritde, dvanstnikovch vredoch a malch revnch poruchch.
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Silver Birch
General description: Native to Europe and some high altitude parts of Asia, it belongs to the birch family (Betulaceae). It is a medium-sized deciduous tree with very characteristic white bark, often with black diamond-shaped marks or larger patches, particularly at the base. Birches can be found nearly everywhere in the open landscape, in small groups, lines or as a single tree. Flowers are tightly packed in catkins found at the end of the branchlets. As for the flowering, it occurs in April- May. Medical properties: The bark and leaves of birch tree can be used for treatment in the form of tea infusion or decoction. The leaves of birch trees contain saponins, falvonoids, terpenes, organic acids, small amounts of essential oil and mineral salts. Due to their diuretic effect, the leaves are recommended for various kidney problems. Moreover, they can be successfully used against skin problems such as acne or psoriasis. It is also said that the leaves of birch trees are useful for curing liver diseases caused by the use of chemical substances. Not to mention, birch is said to eliminate cholesterol from the blood, and to disinfect the body. For centuries, birch sap has been used for strenthening immune system. It is especially valuable for the elderly or for people struggling with serious diseases. The bark of birch tree contains substances called methyl salicylate and betulinic acid. Methyl salicylate is a pain reliever and betulinic acid is said to fight cancer.

Breza biela
Veobecn opis: Vyskytuje sa v Eurpe a vekch nadmorskch vkach zie. Patr do eade brezovitch (Betulaceae). Je to stredne vek opadav strom s vemi charakteristickou bielou krou, na ktorej sa asto nachdzaj ierne kvrny alebo vie ierne plky, najm v dolnej asti. Brezy rast takmer vade v otvorenej krajine, v malch skupinkch, radoch alebo ako samostatn stromy. Kvety kvitn v jahadch na koncoch vetiev v obdob od aprla do mja. Lieiv vlastnosti: Kra a listy brezy sa pouvaj vo forme ajov alebo odvarov. Listy brezy obsahuj, saponny, flavonoidy, terpny, organick kyseliny, mal mnostvo esencilneho oleja a minerlnych sol. Vaka diuretickm inkom sa listy odporaj pri rznych problmoch s oblikami. Takisto je mon ich poui pri konch problmoch ako je akn alebo psoriza. Listy brezy s vraj tie inn pri liebe ochoren peene spsobench uvanm chemickch ltok. Vrav sa, e breza pomha eliminova cholesterol z krvi a dezinfikova telo. U stroia sa na posilnenie imunity pouva brezov miazga. Je dobr hlavne pre starch ud alebo ud bojujcich s vnymi chorobami. Kra brezy obsahuje ltky nazvan metylsalicylt a kyselina betulnov. Metylsalicylt uavuje od bolesti a kyselina betulnov pomha pri liebe rakoviny.

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Tansy
General description: Native to to temperate Europe and Asia, tansy is a flowering plant (of the Asteraceae family) with yellow, button-like flowers. When full grown it is usually 50-150 cm tall. A very characteristic feature of tansy is its specific scent, similar to that of camphor, and a bitter taste. Flowering occurs from July to September. Medical properties: It must be noted that tansy, especially in excessive amounts, can be toxic and cause poisoning in sensitive individuals. For medical purposes, flower heads (without stems) and leaves are harvested. It should be picked at the beginning of flowering and dried quickly in dark and airy places. Tansy contains quite a lot of essential oil, which is believed to have a number of beneficial effects; for example, antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory. According to Polish sources, tansy, in mild doses, is very effective in treating parasites, especially common roundworms and threadworms. Another interesting application of tansy is an alcohol-based tansy extract (100 grams of flowers drown in 0.5 liters of spirit), which can be used in pediculosis treatment and for skin problems. Furthermore, the toxicity of tansy can be used against various types of insects as it is believed to be an effective insect repellent against mosquitoes, fleas, ticks, lice and bedbugs.

Vrati obyajn
Veobecn opis: je rozren v mediternnej oblasti Eurpy a zie, je to trvca bylina z eade astrovitch so ltm trubkovitmi kvetmi. Dorast do vky zvyajne 50-150 cm. Vemi charakteristickm rysom vratia obyajnho je jeho charakteristick va, podob gfru a horkou chuou. Kvitne od jla do septembra. Lekrske vyuitie: Je potrebn poznamena, e vrati a to najm v nadmernom mnostve, me by toxick a spsobi otravu v citlivch jedincov. Na lekrske ely sa uvaj kvety hlavy (bez stopiek) a listy. Je ho potrebn zbiera na zaiatku kvitnutia a su sa rchlo na tmavom a vzdunom mieste. Vrati obsahuje pomerne vea esencilneho oleja, ktor m niekoko blahodrnych inkov, naprklad antibakterilne, antimykotick a protizpalov. Poda poskch zdrojov, vrati v miernych dvkach, je vemi inn pri liebe parazitov, najm hlstovce a mra detsk. alia zaujmav aplikcia vratia obyajnho je na alkoholovej bze. Extrakt (100 gramov kvetn postoj v 0,5 litrov liehu), ktor me by pouit pre liebe pedikulzi a konch problmov. Okrem toho me by toxicita vratia obyajnho pouit proti rznym druhom hmyzu, nakoko je povaovan za inn repelent proti komrom, blchm, kliete, viam a ploticiam.

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Common heather
General description: Native to to Europe and Asia minor, heather grows in nutrientpoor, acidic soils. It is a low growing (usually up to 80 cm tall), mound-shaped and evergreen shrub which is widespread throughout Europe. It can be also found individually in meadows, pastures and similar places. Its flowers emerge in late summer, August and September, and are pink, purple and sometimes white. Medical properties: For medical purposes, flowers together with short stems are gathered. Heather contains falvonoids, essential oil, organic acids, glycoside, silicon and potassium compounds and a lot of tannins. Apart from its application as a spice to different meals, it has been used since ancient times in herbal medicine for a large number of diseases. Usually, it is taken as a drink (tea) or liniment. Thanks to the presence of tannins, heather can be used in the treatment of alimentary system diseases. Furthermore, it can also help to reduce inflammation and gravel of the urinary system. The presence of flavonoids makes heather an effective diuretic whereas glycoside has a disinfectant effect for urinary tract. Therefore, it can be successfully used in curing lithiasis and chronic urinary tract infections. As for silicon and potassium, they make heather a valuable medicine against aging. In addition, liniment made from heather tops can help in the treatment of arthritis and rheumatism.

Vres obyajn
Veobecn popis: Pochdza z Eurpy a Malej zie, vres rastie na ivinami chudobnej, kyslej pde. Je to nzko rastci (obvykle a 80 cm vysok) vdyzelen poloker s rozkonrenou rastci takmer vhradne v Eurpe. Me sa vyskytova samostatne na lkach, pasienkoch a na podobnch miestach. Jeho kvety sa objavuj v druhej polovici leta, august a september, a s ruov, fialov a niekedy biele. Lekrske vyuitie: Pre lekrske ely s vyuvan kvety spolu s krtkymi stonkami. Vres obsahuje falvonoidy, esencilne oleje, organick kyseliny, glykozid, zleniny kremka a draslka a vea tannov. Jeho pouitie je mon aj ako korenie do rznych jedl, bol pouvan od staroveku v herblnej medicne na vek poet ochoren. Obvykle je podvan ako npoj (aj) alebo mas. Vaka prtomnosti trieslovn, me vres by pouit v liebe alimentrnych systmovch ochoren. Okrem toho me tie pomc zni zpal moovho strojenstva. Vaka obsahu flavonoidov je vres diuretick a obsah glykozidu m dezinfekn inok na moov cesty. Preto me by spene pouit v liebe litizi a chronickch infekcich moovch ciest. Pokia ide o kremk a draslk, robia vres cennm liekom proti starnutiu. Okrem toho vres pomha pri liebe artritdy a reumatizme.
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Rosemary
Rosemary is a perennial shrub of the family of the Lamiaceae. It has numerous woody branches, a strongly aromatic smell and it can reach about 60cm tall. In warmer countries it can flourish throughout the year except during the coldest months of winter. The small flowers are usually purplish lilac or blue, rarely white. They are commonly used in perfumery, but it is in its leaves that is the maximum concentration of volatile oil used in the manufacture of essential oil. It is grown all over the world. The varieties that are spontaneous are medically more effective than the cultivated ones. In agriculture, rosemary benefits the other garden plants and vegetables and helps combat pests of flowers and vegetables. The purple flowers attract insects to the garden, especially bees (honey rosemary is much appreciated). It appreciates full sun and well-drained soil. It is widely used in the manufacture of shampoos which are very useful to strengthen and stimulate the scalp. At home, you can put flowers and rosemary leaves in vinegar and use it to rinse your hair; it will become stronger, shiny and soft. You can also make your massage lotion in the same way but using 70% water and 80% alcohol or oil; the mixture can also be used in massage to relieve rheumatic pains. It is also used in the manufacture of soaps and beauty creams. It is a stimulant of the nervous system and brain. It improves cerebral circulation, concentration and memory. It is useful to relieve headaches, insomnia and chronic fatigue and convalescents states. It helps the digestive system, PMS, sore throat, bad breath, sore muscles and tiredness. It is quite effective in combating hair loss; it also reduces flatulence problems, stimulates the liver and gall bladder and it is useful in the treatment of anemia. It is much appreciated in flavouring meats, pasta dishes and vegetables. Leaves and / or fresh or dried flowers, mixed with vinegar, can be used as seasoning.

Rozmarn
Rozmarn (Rosmarinus) je rod polokrov z eade hluchavkovit (Lamiaceae). Je to krk prtnato rozkonren s vemi aromatickou vou, ktor me dosiahnu vku 60 cm. V teplejch krajinch sa mu me dari po cel rok okrem najchladnejch mesiacoch zimy. Mal kvety s zvyajne purpurovo fialov alebo modr, zriedka biele. Je bene pouvan v parfumrii, kvli jeho listom, kde je maximlna kioncentrcia prchavch olejov pouvanch pri vrobe esencilneho oleja. Pestuje sa po celom svete . Vone rastce druhy s lekrsky innejie jako vyachten odrody rastln.V ponohospodrstve, je rozmarn prnosom pre ostatn zhradn rastliny a zeleninu, pomha v boji proti kodcom kvetn a zeleniny. Fialov kvety lkaj hmyz do zhrady, najm vely (med z rozmarnu). Rozmarn oceuje vea slnka a dobre odvodnen pdy. asto sa pouva pri vrobe ampnov, ktor s vemi uiton na posilnenie a stimulciu pokoky hlavy. Doma mete vloi kvety a listy rozmarnu do octu a pouva ho na oplachovanie vlasov, ktor bud silnejie, leskl a mkk. Mete si tie vyrobi vlastn masny krm rovnakm spsobom, avak za pouitia 70% vody a 80% alkoholu alebo oleja, zmes me tie by pouit pri masi a tak zmierni reumatick bolesti. Tie sa pouva pri vrobe mydiel a kozmetickch krmov. Je to stimulant nervovho systmu a mozgu. Zlepuje mozgov cirkulcie,koncentruje pam. Zmieruje bolesti hlavy, nespavos a chronick navu a v stavoch rekonvalescencie. Pomha trviacemu systmu, PMS, proti bolesti v krku, zpachu z st, bolesti svalov a nave. Je vemi inn v boji proti vypadvaniu vlasov, tie zniuje nadvanie, stimuluje pee a lnk a je uiton pri liebe anmie.Pouva sa pre aromatizovanie msa, cestovn a zeleniny. Listy a/alebo erstv alebo suen kvety, zmiean s octom, mono poui jako korenie. ,

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Oregano
Oregano is a perennial herb, growing from 20-80 cm tall, with opposite leaves 1-4 cm long. The leaves are dark green with a peppery aroma. The flowers are purple, 3-4 mm long, produced in erect spikes. Oregano is known botanically as Origanum vulgare and is called wild marjoram in many parts of Europe since it is closely related to the herb that we know as sweet marjoram. Oregano is native to northern Europe, although it grows throughout many regions of the world. It has been recognized for its aromatic properties since ancient times, with the Greeks and Romans holding oregano as a symbol of joy and happiness. Oregano has been cultivated in France since the Middle Ages and has come to be an important herb in Mediterranean cooking. Oregano is an important culinary herb, used for the flavour of its leaves, which can be more flavourful when dried than fresh. It has an aromatic, warm and slightly bitter taste, which can vary in intensity. Good quality oregano may be strong enough almost to numb the tongue, but the cultivars adapted to colder climates often have a lesser flavor. Factors such as climate, seasons and soil composition may affect the aromatic oils present, and this effect may be greater than the differences between the various species of plants. The oregano is great in salads, soups and tomato gazpacho. It is the main spice of olives and snails. It is used to flavour oils and vinegars. In Italy they use it in sauces for pasta and pizza. The Greeks use them in salads and grilled fish. In Spain and Latin America is used in meat stews and roasted vegetables. Hippocrates used oregano as an antiseptic, as well as a cure for stomach and respiratory ailments. Cretan oregano (O. dictamnus) is still used today in Greece as a palliative for sore throat. Oregano is high in antioxidant activity, due to a high content of phenolic acids and flavonoids. It also has shown antimicrobial activity against strains of the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. The tea is indicated to improve digestion, eliminate gases and urinary infection. It is also used for cough, headaches and nervous irritability. Inhalation of fumes from the plant cooked with salt improves sinusitis and allergic rhinitis. The essential oil massage is for rheumatic pains and headaches; chew or rub a few drops of essential oil teeth temporarily relieves toothache.

Oregano
Oregano je znme pod botanickm nzvom pamajorn obyajn alebo nazvan divok majornka v mnohch astiach Eurpy, je zko spojen s bylinkami, ktor poznme ako sladk majornka. Oregano je pvodom z severnej Eurpy, aj ke rastie v celom rade oblast sveta. Bolo znme pre svoje aromatick vlastnosti od staroveku, Grci a Rimania povaovali oregano za symbol radosti a astia. Oregano sa pestuje vo Franczsku u od stredoveku a stalo sa dleitou sasou stredomorskej kuchyne. Oregano je dleit kulinrska bylina, pouvan kvli chuti svojich listov, ktor mu by viac aromatick suen ne erstv. M aromatick, ostr a mierne hork chu, ktor sa me li v intenzite. Kvalitn oregano me by natoko siln, e vedie k znecitliveniu jazyka, ale odrody achten na chladnejie podnebie maj asto miernejiu chu. Faktory, ako s ron obdobia a klma, zloenie pdy, mu ma vplyv na obsah aromatickch olejov, a tento efekt sa me li kvli rznorodosti druhov byliny. Oregano je skvel do polievok altov a paradajok gazpacho. Je hlavnm korenm do olv a slimkov. Pouva sa na ochucovanie olejov a octov. V Taliansku sa uva do omky na cestoviny a pizzu. Grci ich pouvaj na alty a grilovan ryby. V panielsku a Latinskej Amerike sa pouva v msovch dusench pokrmov alebo pri praen zeleniny. Hippokrates pouval oregano ako antiseptikum, rovnako ako liek na aldok a respiran ochorenia. Cretan oregano (O. Dictamnus) sa pouva dodnes v Grcku na tenie pri bolestiach v krku. Oregano je vyborn antioxidant, vaka vysokmu obsahu fenolovch kyseln a flavonoidov. Tie sa preukzal antimikrobilny inok proti zrodkom patognnych baktri Listeria monocytogenes. aj sa podva k zlepeniu trvenia, odstrneniu plynov a infekcie moovch ciest. Uva sa pri bolestiach hlavy proti kau a nervovej podrdenosti. Vdychovanie vparov z rastln varench spolu so soou zlepuje sinusitdy a alergick ndchu. Mas z oreganovho oleja sa odpora pri reumatickch bolestiach a bolestiach hlavy, utie alebo votretie niekoko kvapiek esencilneho oleja na zuby doasne zmieruje boles zubov. 57

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Lemon verbena
Lemon Verbena is a deciduous open shrub growing to 2 -3 m high. The 8cm long glossy, pointed leaves are slightly rough to the touch and emit a powerful lemon scent when bruised. Sprays of tiny lilac or white flowers appear in late spring or early summer. The small panicles of tiny white flowers seem like small lights. The name Lucia derives from the Latin word luce, which means light. Aloysia citrodora is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family, Verbenaceae, which is native to many South-American countries. Common names include Lemon Verbena, Cedron, Lemon Beebrush, Lemon Luisa and Yerba Louisa. It was brought to Europe by the Spanish and the Portuguese in the 17th century. General use: The leaves not only dry easily, but they hold their scent well. Place them between linens to help keep them smelling sweet and add to homemade pot- pourri. In the summer months it can be repel midges, flies and other insects. Medicinal use: Lemon verbena can be used as an aid to digestion and allegedly has a tonic effect on the stomach and intestines. Tea made from dried lemon verbena can be mildly sedative. It's also good for congestion and can ease indigestion but long term use or high doses can irritate the stomach. An infusion of the leaves can be added to your bath water to help calm and soothe the senses; the same infusion is also reputed to help clean the teeth. A compress of the leaves can help to reduce puffiness around the eyes. Lemon verbena oil makes a wonderful massage oil when diluted with suitable carrier oil; it is used to help ease cramps and indigestion. It can also be used for anxiety, insomnia, nervous tension and stress. Lemon verbena has febrifuge, stomachic, antispasmodic and sedative properties, and can be used to treat dyspepsia, indigestion and flatulence. Caution - Prolonged use or large internal doses can cause gastric irritation. This is photosensitising oil so do not use before going out into the sun. It can also irritate sensitive skin. Culinary Use: Lemon verbena has the most intense, lemon-like scent of all the lemon scented herbs. Leaves can be used for making herbal vinegars, teas and to add a refreshing zing to homemade lemonade. vanilla and raspberries to make a delicious ice-cream. They also work well with Partnered with lemon thyme, lemon verbena makes

delicious herb butter for drizzling over steak and corn on the cob for a summer barbecue. The leaves add a lemony flavour to fish, poultry and white meat dishes, vegetable marinades, salad dressings, jams, jellies, puddings especially fruit salads and fruit based drinks.

Verbena citrnov
Verbena citrnov je opadav ker, dorastajci do vky 2 -3 m. 8 cm dlh leskl, picat listy s ahko drsn na dotyk a vyaruj siln citrnov vu. M mal, modr alebo biele kvety, ktor sa objavuj na konci jari alebo na zaiatku leta. Drobn biele kvety pripomnaj mal svietidl. Nzov Lucia pochdza z latinskho slova Luce, o znamen svetlo. Aloysia citrodora je druh kvitncej rastliny z rodiny verbeny, Verbenaceae, ktor je pvodom z Junej Ameriky. Do spolonho nzvu patr Lemon Verbena, Cedron, citrn Beebrush, citrn Luisa a Yerba Louisa. Do Eurpy boli prinesen panielmi a Portugalcami v 17. storo. Veobecn pouitie: Listy sa nesuia ahko, ale maj dlho svoju vu. Umiestnite ich medzi bielize, pomhaj udriava sladk vu alebo na vrobu domceho Potpourri. V letnch mesiacoch je odpudzuje muky, muchy a al hmyz. Lieebn pouitie: Verbena citrnov sauva ako pomoc k trveniu a dajne m posilujci vplyv na aldok a rev. aj zo suenej verbeny me by mierne sedatvne. Me zmierni trviace akosti, ale pri dlhodobom uvan alebo vo vysokch dvkach me drdi aldok. Nlev z listov mete prida do kpea na pomoc upokoji zmysly, dajne tie pomha pri isten zubov. Obklad z listov me prispie k zneniu opuchov okolo o. Olej z verbeny je skvel masny olej, pomha uvolni ke a zavacie akosti. Pomha tie pri zkosti, nespavosti, nervovom napt a strese. Verbena citrnov je protihorkov prostriedok, proti kom ma upokojujce vlastnosti a me by pouit pri liebe dyspepsie, poruchch trvenia a nadvania. Pozor - Dlhodob uvanie alebo vek dvky mu spsobi podrdenie aldka. To je fotosenzitvnu olej, preto nepouvajte pred odchodom von na slnko. Me drdi citliv pokoku. Kuchynsk pouitie: Verbena citrnov m intenzvnu citrnov vu. Listy mu by pouit na vrobu bylinnch octov, aju a meme prida do domcej limondy. Spolu s vanilkou a maliny meme vyrobi lahodn zmrzlinu. Hod sa s citrnovm tymianom, verbena je vynikajce bylinkov maslo do dressingov na steak a kukurinm klasom na letn grilovanie. Listy pridvaj citrnov chu rybm, hydine a bielemu msu, na zeleninov marindy, altov dresingy, demy, el, pudingy, a najm ovocn alty a npoje na bze ovocia.
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60

Lavender
is a perennial plant, which grows about 45 to 60cm high. It has grey-green feathery leaves covered in a silvery down. The blue-violet flowers are arranged in spirals of 6 to 10 blossoms, forming interrupted spikes above the foliage. There are about 15 species of lavender, which includes the Portuguese lavender (Lavandula stoechas), also known as the Spanish Lavandula variety that grows spontaneously in the Mediterranean regions and, therefore, best suited to this climate. Medicinal use: Lavender has been extensively used in herbalism. An infusion of lavender is claimed to soothe and heal insect bites. Bunches of lavender are also said to ward off insects. If applied to the temples, lavender oil is said to soothe headaches. Lavender is frequently used as an aid to sleep: Seeds and flowers of the plant are added to pillows, and an infusion of three flower heads added to a cup of boiling water is recommended as a soothing and relaxing bedtime drink. Lavender oil is claimed to heal acne when used diluted 1:10 with water, rosewater, or witch hazel; it is also used in the treatment of sunburn and skin burns and other inflammatory conditions. Constituents of the oils found in lavender have been found to treat hyperactivity, insomnia, flatulence, bacteria, fungus, microbial activity on gums, airborne molds, and (mixed with pine, thyme, mint, rosemary, clove, and cinnamon oils) Staphyloccus aka "Staff"- bacteria. Culinary use: Lavender is an incredibly versatile herb for cooking. In today's upscale restaurants, fresh edible flowers are making a comeback as enhancements to both the flavour and appearance of food. As a member of the same family as many of our most popular herbs, it is not surprising that lavender is edible and that its use in food preparation is also returning. Flowers and leaves can be used fresh, and both buds and stems can be used dried. Lavender is a member of the mint family and is close to rosemary, sage, and thyme. It is best used with fennel, oregano, rosemary, thyme, sage, and savoury. English Lavender (l. angustifolia and munstead) has the sweetest fragrance of all the lavenders and is the one most commonly used in cooking. The uses of lavender are limited only by your imagination. Lavender has a sweet, floral flavour, with lemon and citrus notes. The potency of the lavender flowers increases with drying.

Levandua
Je trvcna bylina, ktor dorast do 45 a 60 cm. Listy levandule s dlh a zke, maj edo zelen farbu. Modro fialov kvety s usporiadan do pirly zloen z 6 a 10 kvetov. Existuje asi 15 druhov levandule, kde patria portugalsk levandule (Lavandula stoechas), tie znma ako panielska Lavandula odroda, ktor rastie v oblasti Stredomoria Lieebn pouitie: Levandua je asto pouvan v bylinkrstve. Levandu upokojuje a liei po bodnut hmyzom. Zvzky levandule tie odpudzuj hmyz. Levanduov olej zmieruje bolesti hlavy. Levandua sa asto pouva ako podpora spnku: Semen a kvety rastln sa dvaj do vanka a nlev z kvetov sa odpora ako upokojenie a uvonenie pred spanm. Levanduov olej je znmy, e liei akn, pri pouit zriete 1:10 s vodou, tie sa pouva pri liebe splenm a poleptan koe a in zpalov ochorenia. Zloky olejov z levandule boli pouvan na liebu hyperaktivity, nespavosti, nafukovan, baktrich, plesniach, mikrobilnej aktivite na asn, vzdun plesne, a (zmiean s borovicami, tyminom, mtou, rozmarnom, klinekom, koricou a olejom. Kuchynsk pouitie: Levandua je neuveritene univerzlna bylina na varenie. V dnenej kuchyni, erstv jedl kvety zavaj comeback ako doplnok k obom chuti aj vzhadu potravn. Ako len rodiny naich najobbenejch byln, niet divu, e pouvanie levandue do jedl ako potravinovho prpravku sa tie vracia. Kvety a listy je mon poui erstv alebo piky a stopky mono poui suen. Levandua je z eade hluchavkovitch a je prbuzn rozmarnu, alvii, tyminu. Najlepie je ju pouva s feniklom, oreganom, rozmarnom, tymianom, alviou. Anglick levandule (L. angustifolia a Munstead) mj najsladie vne zo vetkch levand a je jednou z najastejie pouvanch na varenie. Vyuitie levandule je obmedzen len vaou fantziou. Levandua m sladk, kvetinov armu, s citrnom a citrusov vu. innos levandule sa zvyuje suenm kvetov.
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62

St. John's Wort


Native to Europe and Asia, but as the settlers could verify, hypericum was also known and used by Indians in America. In Portugal, the wort is also known as "milfurada" or St. John's wort. The last name is due to the fact that it blooms around St. John's Day (June 24th). Herbaceous perennial plant of medium size, it has yellow flowers in a star shape. Its leaves are green semi-translucent dots containing essential oil used in traditional medicine. This spontaneous plant often grows near forests, wastelands, roadsides and prairies. It is now proved that the St. John's Wort is a medicinal plant more effective in combating depression and as a stimulant of the immune system. It also relieves problems caused by hormonal changes related to menopause, acting as a tonic of the nervous system, and increases vitality. It is an important liver tonic since it can detoxify the body. The infusion of leaves and flowers stimulates circulation and tones the gastric glands, liver and gallbladder, being recommended in the treatment of ulcers and gastric diseases. The maceration of the flowers in olive oil or almond oil can be used to massage away sciatica pain and it is very useful in the treatment of burn wounds.

ubovnk bodkovan
Pvodne z Eurpy a zie, no hypericum bolo znme a pouvan aj indinmi v Amerike. V Portugalsku je tie znmy jako milfurada.Priezvisko je kvli skutonosti, e to kvitne okolo Jna (24. jna) Je to trvcna rastlina, strednej vekosti, m lt kvety v tvare hviezdy. Jeho listy s zelen a iastone priesvitnmi miestami, ktor obsahuj esencilne oleje pouvan v tradinej medicne. Tto spontnna rastlina asto rastie v blzkosti lesov, ciest a nevyuitch pozemkov a prriach. Ukzalo sa, e ubovnk bodkovan je lieiv rastlina inn v boji proti depresii a ako stimulant imunitnho systmu. Zmieruje problmy spsoben hormonlnymi zmenami spojenmi s menopauzou, psob jako tonikum pre nervov systm a zvyuje vitalitu. Je dleit peeov tonikum, pretoe pomha pri detoxikcii organizmu. Odvar z listov a kvetov stimuluje krvn obeh a aldon azy, pee a lnk a je odporan na liebu vredov a aldonch chorb. Macercia kvetov v olivovom oleji alebo mandovom oleji sa me poui pri masi na odstrnenie ischias bolesti a je vemi uiton pri liebe poplenn.
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64

CHIVES
The chive is a perennial plant. It has mauve globular flower, blooming from May to August. The chive needs loamy soil with nutrients and calcium. It likes sun or partial shade. Culinary arts: Chives are grown for their leaves, which are used for culinary purposes as flavoring herb. Chives have a wide variety of culinary uses, such as in traditional dishes in France and Sweden. The flowers may also be used to garnish dishes. In Poland chives are served with quark cheese. Medicine: The medical properties of chives are similar to those of garlic. Chives have a beneficial effect on the circulatory system. Chives are also rich in vitamins A and C, contain trace amounts of sulfur, and are rich in calcium and iron. Cultivation: Chives are cultivated both for their culinary uses and their ornamental value; the violet flowers are often used in ornamental dry bouquets.

PATKA
Patka je trvcna bylina. M guovitt kvet, kvitne od mja do augusta. Patka potrebuje hlinit pdu so ivinami a vpnikom. M rada slnko alebo iaston tie. Kulinrske umenie: Patka sa pestuje pre svoje listy, ktor sa pouvaj na kulinrske ely kvli aromatickm ltkam. Patka m irok klu kulinrskeho pouitia, naprklad v tradinch pokrmoch vo Franczsku a vdsku. Kvety mu by tie pouit ako obloha jedl. V Posku sa patka podva so syrom kvark. Medicna: Lekrske vlastnosti patky s podobn jako u cesnaku. Patka m priazniv vplyv na obehov systm. Je tie bohat na vitamny A a C, obsahuje stopov mnostvo sry a je bohat na vpnik a elezo. Pestovanie: Patka sa pestuje pre jej kulinrske pouitie, ale aj ako okrasn rastlina. Kvety s asto pouvan do okrasnch suchch kytc.

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66

Wild Garlic
Medicinal use and health benefits: In test tube studies, garlic has been found to have antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal activity. Garlic is also claimed to help prevent heart disease (including atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure) and cancer. Garlic is used to prevent certain types of cancer, including stomach and colon cancers. A Czech study found that garlic supplementation reduced accumulation of cholesterol on the vascular walls of animals. Garlic cloves are used as a remedy for infections (especially chest problems), digestive disorders, and fungal infections such as thrush.

Divok cesnak

Lieiv pouitie a prnosy pre zdravie: V tdich sa zistilo, e cesnak m antibakterilne, antivrusov a antimykotick vlastnosti. Cesnak je tie vyhlasovan ako pomoc zabrni srdcovm ochoreniam (vrtane aterosklerzy, vysok cholesterol a vysok krvn tlak) a rakoviny. Cesnak sa pouva na prevenciu uritch typov rakoviny, vrtane aldka a rakoviny hrubho reva. esk tdia zistila, e cesnak zniuje akumulciu cholesterolu na cievnych stench zvierat. Striky cesnaku sa pouvaj ako liek na infekcie (predovetkm problmy hrudnka), poruchy zavania a plesov infekcie ako naprklad afty.

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68

Walnut
Walnut is the kind of nuts. It consists of edible woody core surrounded by a solid shell. This shell is case of nut. The case is green at the beginning and it darkens during ripening. Walnuts are a source of vitamin B1, B2, B3 and B6. They contain phosphorus, potassium, iron and magnesium. They also contain manganese. Walnuts are mainly used in food industry: in bakery and confectionery. They are very good food for people with heart disease and improve mental performance and restores strength and balance of the nervous system. Walnuts are easily digestible and useful for diabetics. Their taste is sweet and they have warm nature - they operate warm on pathways of kidney, lungs and colon. Whereas they warm lungs, they improve health status in asthma. Except fruits, walnut leaves are used because of their antiseptic effects. Walnuts are one of the oldest food in the world. In the French Prigord archaeologists discovered small fossilized walnut shell grom the Neolithic era. This era was more than 8000 years ago. In ancient Rome walnut was dedicated to god Jupiter. The origin of the walnuts is from Central Asia. Romans brought them to Europe around 280. zinc, copper and

Vlask orech
Je to druh orecha. Sklad sa z jedlho jadra obklopenho pevnou krupinou. Tto krupina je obal. Obal je na zaiatku zelen a poas dozrievania stmavne. Vlask orechy s zdrojom vitamnu B1, B2, B3, a B6. Obsahuj fosfor, draslk, elezo a hork. Tie obsahuj zinok, me a mangn. Vlask orechy sa pouvaj hlavne v potravinrskom priemysle: v pekrskych a cukrrskych vrobkoch. S vemi vhodn do jedla pre ud s ochorenm srdca na zlepenie duevnej vkonnosti, obnovuj silu a rovnovhu nervovho systmu. Vlask orechy s ahko strviten a uiton pre diabetikov. Ich chu je sladk a maj zahrievac charakter- psobia teplo na pca a obliky a na hrub revo. Pri ohrievan pc, zlepuj zdravotn stav a astmu. Okrem plodov, orechov listy sa pouvaj kvli svojim antiseptickm inkom. Vlask orechy s jednou z najstarch potravn na svete. Vo Franczsku archeolgovia objavili mal skamenen krupiny v dobe neolitu. Tto ra bola pred viac jako 8000 rokmi. V starovekom Rme orech bol venovan bohu Jupiterovi. Pvod vlaskho orecha je v strednej zii. Rimania ho priniesli do Eurpy okolo roku 280.
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70

Germany, Garbsen

Pumpkin Soup
Time for preparation: INGREDIENTS
2 onions 800 g flesh of pumpkin 3 carrots 3 midsized potatoes fresh ginger 200 g sour cream majoran, basil 15 minutes

Level of difficulty:
Simple

Method
Cook 2 onions (not too small) and garlic translucent in butter, Cut 800 g flesh of pumpkin with 3 carrots and 3 midsized potatoes in small cubes, grate about 5 cm fresh ginger and cook everything together with about 1 l vegetable stock. Put salt, pepper, some majoram and basil in. When everything is done, mash and stir in 200 g sour creme. Arrange on the plate with some sour creme and fresh basil. Served with a piece of toast.

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Old Recipies for Ground Ivy Tea


2 teaspoons with hot water and let sit for 5 minutes. This helps coughing.
Then the leaves loosens the mucous in the nose.

Strengthen your disposition

1 teaspoon dried or 2 teaspoons of fresh herbs with hot water, cover it for 5 minutes to brew.

Tincture
1-2 handfulls of shredded Ground Ivy, bottle with 45% spirits of wine, let it stand
for 3 weeks, then strain the leaves out. Dosage for adults is: 30 drops 3 times a day and for children half of this amount.

Pain oil

Collect fresh Ground Ivy (between May and June), shake the leaves to clean, jar and let it stand in a bright sunny place. After two or three days a light liquid will appear in the bottom of the jar. Drain the liquid carefully into a dark bottle and keep it in a cool place. When required dab it on a cloth and apply to the infection several times a day.

Bath liquid
For rashes, eczema, back pain and swollen joints use the Ground Ivy liquid in a bath.
Mix 5 handfulls of leaves in 5 litres of boiling water, drain and add to the bath water. This will help strengthen your muscles and joints. The quantity can be mixed in lesser portions.

Face cleansing water


Mix 1 handfull of leaves with liter of boiling water. Strain, lets stand and rinse
the effected areas. For buzzing sensations in the ear drum insert drops of Ground Ivy juice. In addition to this drink Ground Ivy tea.

72

Germany, Bad Liebenwerda

Potato soup to lovage


Ingredients for 10 persons: 25 medium-sized potatos 5 carrotes 10 stalkes lovage 10 stalkes parsley 5 cube boullion from cow Time for preparation: 15 minutes Level of difficulty: Simple

Method Potatos and carrotes to peel, wash and cut in cube. Together with lovage get in pot. Get water in pot over all. Bouillon and parsley put and boil up. 20 minutes simmer up to vegetables soft. After puree and season taste.

73

Marigold
The marigold of our front gardens is oresumably descended from the field marigold. Contents materials of the marigold are ethereal oil, Xantophylle, bitter substances and Flavonoide, which is why this valuable cream is suited particulary for massages and to the everyday care. Herbal healing balm ingredients: - 2c. oilive oil - 1/4c. dried comfrey leaves - 1/4c. dried calendula petals - 1/4c. dried lavender buds - 1 oz. beeswax - 20 drops tea tree essential oil - 20 drops lavender essential oil Place dried herbs into a crock pot. Pour olive oil over them. Turn crock pot on low and let set for four to six hours. Strain infused oil. Discard herbs. Place infused oil into a 1 qt. Saucepan and turn on low. Add the beeswax, stir until beeswax melts. Remove from heat and add essential oil. Pour into 1 oz. jars. Let cool and then seal.

Lovage
Lovage paste Ingredients: - 700g of lovage sheets - 10as0 g of sea salt or Himalayas salt The lovage sheets wash, dry and chop up with the mixer. Sea or Himalayas salt add and well mix, until the salt has freed itself. In glass bottle, close and at a chill, dark place keep. It keeps by the slt more than one year.

74

United Kingdom, Hemel Hempstead

Chicken Curry
5 medium onions 4 garlic cloves teaspoon of salt Small piece of root ginger 1 teaspoon of ground garlic 1 tablespoon of oil 100ml water Medium can of tomatoes 2 teaspoons curry paste 1 chicken breast fillet or, for vegetarians England Rice 1 handful of rice (per person)

Naan Bread
375g plain flour 1 teaspoon baking powder 1 tablespoon of sugar 200ml of milk 1 egg

75

Turkey, Samsun

Stuffed collard with minced meat Ingredients


1 kg collard 400 g minced meat 2 average size onions 6 stalks parsley 1 tea cup rice 1 teaspoon black pepper 2 average size tomato 2 glasses yoghurt 3 cloves garlic Salt

Method
Wash the collards. Cut and throw out their stems. Boil the green part as a whole and sieve. Preparation of the stuffing: Work thoroughly through mixing onion, parsley, minced meat, black pepper, tomato paste or tomato, salt and rice. Spread the boilded collard on hand, in such a manner that its grained side comes on top. Wrap through adding some filling inside. Put one collard leave at the bottom of the saucepan. Align the stuffing in the saucepan as they are wrapped. Cover with a plate. Add enough boiled water to show up on surface and put the lid of the saucepan. Cook about half an hour. Consumed optionally with or without garlic yoghurt. Note: Stuffed Grape Leave is cooked similarly. However, dill is add.

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Poland, Wresznia

Chocolate Cookies with Candied Violets


Ingredients (for 30-40 biscuits)
225g unsalted butter, softened 2 cups caster sugar 3/4 cup baking cocoa powder 2 large eggs 1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract 2 cups plain flour 1 teaspoon baking powder 100g dark chocolate 2 tablespoons candied (crystallised) violets

Method
Preheat oven to 180 degrees C. Cream butter and sugar with an electric mixer in a large mixing bowl. Add eggs, vanilla and cocoa powder and beat until combined. Sift flour and baking powder in a separate bowl and then fold gradually into the mixing bowl. The dough should be smooth, very fluffy and sticky. Using your hands or a tablespoon, shape balls of dough about 34cm in diameter. Flatten slightly on a lined baking tray and then press a small piece of dark chocolate into the centre. Gently use your fingers to press the dough around the piece of chocolate. The dough is very sticky, so it might be easier to lightly flour your hands before touching the dough. Crush candied violets into small pieces and then sprinkle over the top of each ball of dough. Leave about 5 cm between each biscuit to allow room for spreading. Bake for approximately 10 minutes. The biscuits should be just starting to firm up around the edges but will still be soft and fudgy in the middle. Serve straight away while the centres are still liquid. Can be stored in an airtight container for a week. When ready to serve, warm up in a microwave for 15-30 secs, or until the biscuits are very warm to the touch, so that the chocolate in the centre is melted.

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Medicinal recipes
Birch Tea
Place 2 to 3 teaspoonfuls in a cup and pour on boiling water. Cover the mix and allow to steep for 10 minutes. Take the tea about three times daily.Birch tea can also be made using the bark of the tree. Simply place a teaspoon of dried birch bark in a cup of boiling water, then allow it to stand for 15 minutes. Take this twice or three times a day.Health benefits:- helpful in alleviating joint pain related to rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis,- helpful in combating gout,- helpful in fighting urinary disorders,- helpful in removing excess fluids from the body.

Heartsease
infusionSteep 1 teaspoon of finely chopped heartsease in 1 cup of hot water for 5 minutes. Soak gauze compresses in the infusion and apply to the affected area of the skin.Health benefits:- helpful in treating eczema, acne and other skin problems,helpful in treating skin inflammations.Common heather teaPlace two teaspoons of dried flowers to a quarter liter of boiling water. Leave the tea for about 15 minutes. After that, the tea is strained and ready to drink. Usually two to three cups of this tea are taken throughout the day.Health benefits:- helpful in treating arthritis and rheumatism,- helpful in treating various urinary tract infections,- helpful in regulating digestion,- helpful in relieving stress.

Rowanberry Apple Jam Ingredients


2l (2000 ml) rowan-berries, frost-tempered, rinsed and cleaned; 4-5 apples, peeled and cored; 6dl (600 ml) water; 1 1/2 l (1500 ml) sugar; juice of 1 lemon; 4-5 cloves; 12 tablespoons cognac; a pinch of salt

Method
Cut the apples into small chunks. Put rowan-berries, apple chunks and cloves into a saucepan. Add water, bring to a boil and cover. Simmer until rowan-berries are soft (15-20 minutes). Add sugar, stirring, until it is dissolved. Simmer for 15-20 minutes more, or until the jam is firm. Add lemon juice and a pinch of salt. Furthermore, be luxurious, add a small amount of cognac. Finally pour the hot jam into hot jars sterilized with boiling water. Close the jars with sterilized lids and let cool. Store the jam in the refrigerator. Rowan-berry jam is a condiment that goes very well with with game, steaks and roast. The berries are nutritious. They contain apple acid, pectin, sugars, beta-carotene, Vitamin C and flavonoids that help to maintain the Vitamin C. !!!The best thing to do is to collect the berries when they ripen, and before the birds get them. Then throw cleaned berries into the freezer for 2 - 3 days. That also sweeten them up a bit because they are very, very tart.

78

Portugal, Santa Catarina

Lavender cookies
Ingredients
250g flour 1 teaspoon dried yeast 125g butter 1 or 2 spoons chopped lavender Lemon or orange zest (peel) 1 pinch of salt 125g sugar 1 egg

Method
1. Mix the flour, the dried yeast, the butter, the lavender and the lemon peel and the salt using your fingers until you get a crumble. 2. Add the egg and the sugar and mix everything until you get a homogenous mixture and leave it rest for about 30 to 60 minutes. 3. Preheat the oven to 200C. Grease a tray with some butter. 4. Put small amounts of the mixture on the tray to make the cookies. 5. Put it in the oven and wait about 10 minutes.

79

Garlic Bread with Oregano


Ingredients
250gr of bread dough 4 cloves garlic 4 limbs of fresh oregano 4 tablespoons olive oil salt and pepper Fleur de sel

Method
In a bowl (mortar) crush the garlic with fresh oregano and salt. When everything is well crushed, add the oil to form a paste that can be spread. If necessary add a little more olive oil. Roll out the dough as if to make a pizza, a round or rectangular form, and spread throughout the dough the mixture with the help of a kitchen brush. Finally add a little freshly ground pepper and fleur de sel. Bake it in a 180 C oven until the bread is cooked and golden in colour. Serve it warm.

Iced Infusion St.John's Wort

Ingredients
1 liter water Hypericum leaves Lemon zest Prepare the infusion with the water and hypericum leaves. Add the lemon zest. Let it cool in the fridge. Suggestion: Serve the drink with ice cubes.

Lemon Verbena Ice Cream


Ingredients (4 portions)
4 leaves gelatin (colorless) 200 g sugar 2 dl water Lemon verbena sprig 1 dl milk 2 dl cream

Method
Soak the gelatin leaves in cold water. In a pan put the sugar, the water and the lemon verbena sprig and let it boil. Remove the "syrup" from heat and strain it in a colander. Drain the gelatin and dissolve it in two spoons of hot water. Add it to the syrup. Let it cool. In a bowl, mix the milk with the cream and add them to the syrup. Take it to freeze until it gets frozen (solid). Serve it accompanied with a lavender cookie.

80

Slovakia, Secovce

Chicken roll with herbs and herbal dressing


Ingrediens
Chicken breast 400g Mozzarella cheese 100g Ham 100g Fresh spinach Basil Black pepper - minced Salt, garlic Red pepper, chicken broth

Method
Slice chicken breast, tenderize, add salt and pepper, rub with garlic. Put the ham and slice of cheese, add spinach and red pepper on the chicken slices and roll up everything. Fasten with toothpicks or thread. Roll put to the pan into the heated butter, fry it from all sides. Then roll put into the dish and pour it with chicken broth. Bake for 15 minutes at 180 C. After baking cut on the thin slices. Serve cold with baguette and herbal dressing. Garnish with basil leaves.

Dressing
Ingredients: white yogurt dill garlic salt black pepper white mustard onion (chives)

Procedure
Mix all ingredients and serv.

81

Gastric walnut extract


100 g Crushed fresh green husk (or leaves) 5 g chopped almonds l pure alcohol Leave at room temperature for 2-3 weeks, leach, sometimes ventile Drink daily 1slug fasting, preferably in the morning, to improve digestion, in slimy intestines, parasites or as a healthy appetizer

Garlic in wine
Crush wild garlic, let it infuse from 5 to 6 days in white wine. After that you can use it like a medicine. Use medicine- 1 spoon daily before breakfast. (People with high blood pressure every second day)

Cheese-chives appetizer
1 bunch of chives - minced 1 red onion - minced 1 spoon of lemon juice 200 g full-fat cream cheese salt, ground black pepper, ground red pepper

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GLOSSARY
(A)
Antifungal: Antifungal medication, a medication used to treat fungal infections such as athletes foot, ringworm, candidiasis, etc. Anti-inflammatory: Anti-inflammatory refers to the property of a substance or treatment that reduces inflammation. Anti-inflammatory drugs make up about half of analgesics, remedying pain by reducing inflammation as opposed to opioids, which affect the central nervous system. Alopecial: Loss of hair,baldness Antiscorbutic: A remedy for scurvy Anti-spasmodic: An antispasmodic (synonym: spasmolytic) is a drug or a herb that suppresses muscle spasms. Antiviral: Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections Like antibiotics for bacteria, specific antivirals are used for specific viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antiviral drugs do not destroy their target pathogen; instead they inhibit their development.

(D)
Dark Ages: The concept of a period of intellectual darkness that supposedly occurred in Europe following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire Diarreha: Also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day. It is a common cause of death in developing countries and the second most common cause of infant deaths worldwide. The loss of fluids through diarrhea can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. In 2009 diarrhea was estimated to have caused 1.1 million deaths in people aged 5 and overand 1.5 million deaths in children under the age of 5. Oral rehydration salts and zinc tablets are the treatment of choice and have been estimated to have saved 50 million children in the past 25 years. Diuretic: Substance which promotes urine flow Diaphoretic: Substance which increases perspreation

(E)
Emesis:Vomiting

(F)
Flavonoid: A thing which looks like Vitamin P and used for making the bleeding stop

(G)
Gastro-intestinal: Of the intestine and stomach Gothe: 28 August 1749 - 22 March 1832) was a German writer, pictorial artist, biologist, theoretical physicist, and polymath He is considered the supreme genius of modern German literature.His works span the fields of poetry, drama, prose, philosophy, and science. His Faust has been called the greatest long poem of modern European literature His other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meisters Apprenticeship, and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.

(H)
Herpes: An erruption of the skin taking various names according to its form

(L)
Lithiasis: (Pathalogy)Formation of stony secretation in the body.

(M)
Monk: Hermit,male member of a relious order Moses: Hebrew,Prophet who lead to Israelities

(P)
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Perennial: A plant that last for many years Pharmasist: Druggist,aphothecary Polyphenol: Is a structural class of natural, synthetic, and semisynthetic organic chemicals characterized by the presence of large multiples of phenol structural units (right). The number and characteristics of these phenol structures underlie the unique physical, chemical, and biological (metabolic, toxic, therapeutic, etc.) properties of particular members of the polyphenol class. Psioriasis: A chronic skin disease characterised by scaly red patches on the thin

(S)
Sciatica: Condition characterised by shootingpain in the lower back hips and thighs. Seborrhoea: Excessive discharge of an oily or fatty substance from the sebaceous glands Silica: Silicon dioxide,crystaline compound found in sand and quartz

(T)
Tannin: Substance derived from certain plants (used in tanning hides and in medicine)

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This book is a result of 2 years of working. During this process all schools with all staffs made great efforts so they deserve very big thanks. Also in the name of all schools we want to say special thanks to all National Agencies for supporting us in this project.

REFERENCES
Wikipedia www.wildkrauterkunde.de www.heilkrauter.de www.krauterallerlei.de Krzesniak Leszek-Aptecka Ziolawa (Herbal Medicine Chest) (1986) www.botanical.com Krzesniak Leszek - Apteczka zioowa [Herbal Medicine Chest] (1986) minareceptsamlingar.blogspot.com/2007/10/rowanberry-apple-jam.html www.montage-gruppe.de www.huettenhilfe.de img.fotocommunity.com/images/Gemaelde-Skulpturen/Gemaelde-und-Zeichnungen www.rupp-hansjoerg.de www.ratschlag24.com realvietfood.com www.baldur-garten.ch www.lebensmittelfotos.com

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